Listen and answer the following questions

:
Where does the information come from?
How many horses and mules did America have in 1920?
Which are the numbers of horses and mules nowadays?
When did tractors reach their highest numbers?
What was the main consequence of replacing horses and mules?
How many hectares of oats were planted in 1954?
what did the farmers do with the extra land?
Which is the most valuable crop grown by American farmers?
Where does much of the soybean production go?
Vocabulary
Trend.
Turn soil.
Pull loads.
Harvest.
Settled.
Feed.
Crop.
Widely.
Discuss the following statement.
“People often recognize trends only when they consider the past.”

In 1954. Most were used for farm work. As a result. American farmers planted over sixteen million hectares of oats. Yet it was not planted widely in the United States until the 1920s. tractors replaced horses and mules. So. new technologies have changed farming. In 1920. a competitor began to appear in large numbers. . we look back at some trends in American agriculture. farmers no longer needed to raise crops to feed work animals. Agriculture I’m Gwen Outen with the VOA Special English AGRICULTURE REPORT. It is the nation's most important crop for high-protein animal feed and for vegetable oil. that was down to less than one million hectares. soybeans are the second most valuable crop grown by American farmers after corn. The soybean is one of the oldest plants harvested. Today. the numbers of these work animals settled to where they remain today. Change in a general direction is a trend. close to thirty million hectares were planted with soybeans. We begin with the change from animal power to mechanical power. More tractors meant fewer horses and mules. Yet even the demand for tractors had its limits. Much of the soybean production goes to exports. Tractors reached their highest numbers around 1982. By the year two thousand. So what did the farmers do with the extra land? More and more farmers began to plant a new crop around the same time that the tractor became popular.S. It was the soybean.and they could do it better. In fact. Tractors could turn soil. By two thousand. And we will discuss future directions for change.From Horses to Tractors. part of the Agriculture Department. learn about other trends that have affected productivity on American farms. Our information comes from the National Agricultural Statistics Service. That is about one-tenth the levels in 1920. Oats have long been food for horses and mules. Their numbers have been slowly decreasing. Next week. By the 1960s. Changes in U. Around the same time. Yet people often recognize trends only when they consider the past. Experts say farmers can do more with less now because of new technologies. Over the years. pull loads and speed harvests -. America had more than twenty-five million horses and mules.