DESIGN PRACTICE 2

2012 / 2013

FUNDAMENTALS OF BRIDGE ENGINEERING
Anna Celmer – Al Sabouni

Bridge dictionary
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BRIDGE (bridge structure):
basic term used to describe a wide range of engineering structures

Bridge dictionary
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Bridge dictionary
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BRIDGE STRUCTURE:
structure built to provide passage of people, vehicles or animals
over the obstacle such as water, valley or road
types of bridge structures…

Bridge dictionary 5  bridge: engineering structure built to provide passage of vehicles over the water obstacle such as river. canal .

Bridge dictionary 6  viaduct: engineering structure built to provide passage of vehicles over the obstacle such as road. railway or tramway .

Bridge dictionary 7  footbridge: engineering structure built to provide passage of pedestrians over the obstacle such as water. road or valley .

Horizontal alignment 8 FORMATION LINE (horizontal alignment): height of the structure in global coordinate system .

Horizontal alignment 9    structures located in the city: line of the kerb structures located outside the city: line of the highest part of the road surface railway structures: line of the rail head .

Horizontal alignment 10 .

Bridge elements 11 EXPANSION JOINT BEARING SPAN EMBANKMENT ABUTMENT PIERS SUPPORTS .

deep foundation .Bridge elements: foundation 12  FOUNDATION – lowest.shallow foundation . supporting layer of the structure built to carry vertical and horizontal loads from the supports 2 types: .

piers .Bridge elements: supports 13  SUPPORTS – elements built to carry deadweight of the structure and all the loads acting on it and transfer them to the foundation 2 types: .abutmnents .

Bridge elements: supports 14 ABUTMNENTS .

Bridge elements: supports 15 PIERS .

built to carry loads from the bridge deck and transfer them to the transverse beams transverse beams – elements built to transfer loads from the longitudinal beams to the main girders and to ensure cooperation between main girders .Bridge elements: span 16  - - - - SPAN deck – element of the span which allows passage of vehicles and pedestrians over the obstacle. carries live loads and transfers them to main girders main girders – main beams responsible for carrying all the loads from the bridge deck and transfering them to the supports longitudinal beams (ribs) – local support to the bridge deck.

Bridge elements: span 17 BRIDGE DECK PLATE BRIDGE DECK SIDEWALK CANTILEVER GIRDER TRANSVERSE BEAM .

Bridge elements: span 18 TOP LATERAL STRUT MAIN GIRDER TRANSVERSE BEAM SIDEWALK CANTILEVER BOTTOM LATERAL STRUT LONGITUDINAL RIB BRIDGE DECK .

Bridge elements: approach slab 19  APPROACH SLAB – structural element ensuring a continuous transition between the roadway pavement and the bridge deck .

Bridge elements: approach slab 20 APPROACH SLABS .

Bridge elements: bearings 21  BEARINGS – structural elements responsible for carrying all the loads acting on the bridge and transfering them from the bridge deck to the supports .

Bridge elements: bearings 22  EXPANSION JOINT – element designed to safely absorb the heat-induced expansion of the bridge deck .

measured along the main axis of the bridge l0 – clear span of the bridge: distance between the fronts of the supports.Dimensions 23     lt – theoretical span of the bridge: distance between supporting points. measured along the main axis of the bridge Lc – length of the bridge: distance between the outer edges of the bridge deck L’c – total length of bridge structure: distance between the most outer points of the bridge structure (the ends of the abutmnets or the approach slabs) .

Dimensions 24 FORMATION LINE FORMATION LINE   ht – height of the bridge over the ground or water level: vertical distance between the formation line of the bridge and the ground or water level h0 – clear height of the bridge: the smallest vertical distance between the bottom of the bridge deck and the ground or water level .

Dimensions 25 FORMATION LINE    hk – structural height of the bridge: vertical distance between the formation line of the bridge and the bottom of the bridge deck hu – height of the bridge structure: vertical distance between the highest and the lowest point of the superstructure (including bearings) hp – support height of the bridge: vertical distance between the formation line and the bottom of the bearings .

Dimensions 26 FORMATION LINE    hk – structural height of the bridge: vertical distance between the formation line of the bridge and the bottom of the bridge deck hu –height of the bridge structure: vertical distance between the highest and the lowest point of the superstructure (including bearings) hp – support height of the bridge: vertical distance between the formation line and the bottom of the bearings .

Dimensions 27 FORMATION LINE BALUSTRADE BARRIER   bc – width of the bridge: distance between the outer points (edges) of the bridge deck in cross section bu – width of the roadway and the sidewalk: total distance between the barriers (roadway) and the barrier and the balustrade (sidewalk) .

Types of bridge structures 28 BEAM BRIDGES horizontal beams supported at each end by substructure units  .

girders) composed of a truss  .Types of bridge structures 29 TRUSS BRIDGES main structure (e.g.

Types of bridge structures 30 ARCH BRIDGES arch-shaped superstructure with fixed ends  .

Types of bridge structures 31 STRESSED RIBBON BRIDGES tension structure supported by suspension cables embedded in the deck  .

Types of bridge structures 32 SUSPENSION BRIDGES bridge deck hung below suspension cables on vertical suspenders  .

Types of bridge structures 33 CABLE-STAYED BRIDGES bridge deck supported by cables fixed in pylons  .

lower angle.Types of bridge structures 34 EXTRADOSED BRIDGES similar to cable-stayed bridge: shorter pylons. compressive forces in the bridge deck  .

Types of bridge structures 35 TENSEGRITY BRIDGES structures based on the use of isolated components in compression inside a net of the tensioned members  .

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THANK YOU .