Principles of Physical Chemistry

Laboratory Report
Lab #1 Experiment 14

Thermochemistry: Vapor Pressure and Heat of Vaporization


September 7, 2012

Lab Lecturer:

Dr Harewood


Kemoy Francis – 0803681
Avis Ross

Date due:

September 12, 2012

28 kJ/mol by errors associated with the conduction of the experiment. ln p = −∆ H vap R −∆ H vap R ( T1 ) + C. Abstract: The heat of vaporization of ethanol was found by measuring the change in pressure while manipulating its temperature. The experimental value was fairly accurate as was only off from the accepted value by 4.( ΔH Aim: vap / R) ( 1 / T) + C . The relationship between the vapor pressure of a liquid and temperature is described by Clausius Clayperon equation.Aim: To determine the relationship between the pressure and temperature of ethanol and to calculate its heat of vaporization.04 kJ/mol. By manipulating the data obtained and placing them into the Clausius Clayperon equation. It can be written as: ln P = . the heat of vaporization was found to be 38. where the slope = .

. Before ever reading taken some of the hot water was added to water bathe to raise the temperature by 3-50C. and the ethanol disposed of carefully. 3mL of ethanol was obtained in a syringe and added to the flask by opening the valve after which the syringe was returned to the 3 mL mark. A 1litre room temperature water bath was prepared. The data was then obtained and the experiment monitored to eliminate errors. the valve closed and the syringe carefully removed from the stopper. A rubber stopper was connected to the Gas Pressure sensor and the stopper was then twisted into the neck of the Erlenmeyer flask. the stopper was taken off.To determine the relationship between the pressure and temperature of ethanol and to calculate its heat of vaporization . The appropriate file was opened on the computer to record the data and the clear tubing was used to connect the white rubber stopper with the gas pressure sensor and was tightly secured. It was also ensured that the white rubber stopper was tightly snuggled into the neck of the Erlenmeyer flask to avoid losing any gas leaving the valve on the stopper open. The gas pressure sensor was then connected to the channel 1 and the temperature probe to channel 2 of the Vernier computer interface which was connected to the computer. Procedure: A room temperature water bath was prepared in a 1 liter beaker while ~200 mL of water was heated on a hot plate. The valve on the stopper was then opened. The gas pressure sensor and the temperature probe were connected to the computer interface and the Logger Pro program was launched on the computer. this was done continuously until three readings were obtained. A hot plate was used to heat 200ml of water in a 400ml beaker. The temperature probe was placed in the water bathe obtaining the first set of readings for the pressure and temperature along with the Erlenmeyer flask closing the valve on the stopper after few seconds. After the third reading was obtained the valve was opened to release the pressure.

The flask was held firmly into the water bath for thirty seconds after which the valve on the stopper was closed. Results: Table 1 showing Initial P total (kPa) P air (kPa) P vap (kPa) Temperature (K) 99.6 101. A syringe was used to add 3ml of ethanol to the Erlenmeyer flask. The temperature probe was then used to stir water.0 300. the reading were recorded.0 6 300. The flask was then rotated in the water bath for a few second.3 307. When the temperature and pressure stabilized.1 .3 9.0 99.The Erlenmeyer flask with the gas pressure sensor attached along with the temperature probe was placed into the water bath.1 107.1 Data Analysis P1 T1 = P2 T2 Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Trial 4 105. This was repeated until a total of three trials were obtained.0 311.6 102. A small portion of hot water was added to the water bath to increase its temperature by 3-5 oC.2 100.2 7 303. the readings were recorded in the table.6 11.8 110. upon achieving a stabilized temperature and pressure.2 113. The temperature and pressure reading were then recorded after they had stabilized.