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Thursday, December 22, 2011
Aptitude, Multiplication
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Multiplication using multiples
Assume  that  we  should  find  out  the
result of 12X15. 
12 x 15   (Here  we  can  write  this  15
as 5x3)
=  12 x 5 x 3 (now 12x5 becomes 60)
=  60 x 3 (For this you just calculate
3x6, that is 18 and add one Zero to
it. that is 180)
=  180 (see, how simple it is?)

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Multiplication by distribution 
Assume  that  we  should  find  out  the
result of 12x17
12 x 17   (Here  we  can  divide  this  17
as  10+7.  here,  multiplying  12  with
17  is  same  as  multiplying  12  with
10  and  7  separately  and  then
adding the results)
so, we can write it as
= (12 x 10) + (12 x 7) 
=  120
+ 84
=
204 

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the  multiplication  of  12  and  47
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Yes it is 50. so.....
= 12 x (50 ­ 3) 

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=  (12  x  50)  ­  (12  x  3)    (we  have
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= 600 ­ 36

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= 564

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= 564

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Multiplication by 5
*  If  we  have  to  multiply  a  number
with  5,  just  divide  the  number
with  2  and  then  multiply  the
result  with  10.  Confused?  Its  very
simple step actually....
428  x  5      (Now  just  divide  the
number with 2)
=  428  x  1/2  =  214  (Now  multiply  it
with  10.  I  mean  just  add  a  zero  at
the end :P)
= 214 x 10
= 2140 (This is our result)

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Whats the logic behind this step? 

H I Friends, I Am Shravan

Very simple. 

Again. Yesterday, I Shared The Part I Model

* Lets say the number is X. 

Practice Paper Of LIC AAO Online Exam

* Now we are dividing the number with
2.  so here X becomes X/2. 

2016 (You Can Download That Pd...

* And then we are multiplying it with 10.

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 So it will become 10x / 2  

March (11)

* Now cancel it with 2. so it becomes 10x

February (138)

/ 2 = 5X = 5 multiplied by X. Thats it ;)

January (149)
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Multiplication by 10  ­­­­­­­­­­­­  just

October (181)

move  the  decimal  point  one  place

September (193)

to the right

August (210)

16 x 10
= 160
5.9 = 159
169.93 = 169.3   (Need  an  explnation
for this too??? :P)

July (155)

Multiplication  by  50  ­­­­­­  divide
with 2 and then multiply by 100
Well,  this  is  also  same  process  as
we  did  for  5.  Here  we  should  add
an extra zero. Thats it

March (201)

18 x 50
= (18/2)  = 9

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November (136)

= (18/2)  = 9
= 9 x 100
= 900

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Multiplication  by  100  ­­­­­­­­  move
the  decimal  point  two  places  to
the right

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45 x 100
= 4500  

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Multiplication  by  500­­­­­­­­  divide
with two and multiply with 1000 
21 x 500
= 21/2 x 1000
= 10.5 x 1000
= 10500

November (99)
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August (80)
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May (87)

Multiplication  by  25  ­­­­­­­­­­  use

April (83)

the analogy Rs 1 = 4 x 25 Paise

March (83)

25 x 14 (just divide the 14 as 10+4)
= (25 x 10) + (25 x 4) 
= 250 + 100 ­­­>  Rs2.50 + Rs1
= 350

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November (38)

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Hey one more thing. Here you can
use  another  technique  too.  Which
we  have  used  for  multiplication

October (114)
September (63)
August (89)
July (46)

with 5.

June (48)

Multiplication 

by 

25 

­­­­­­­­­­­

 Divide by 4 and multiply by 100 
36 x 25
= (36/4) x 100
= 9 x 100
= 900  
Multiplication  by  11  (if  sum  of

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February (34)
January (13)

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Multiplication  by  11  (if  sum  of
digits is less than 10)
72 x 11
= 7+2 =9, it is Less than 10. so,
= place this term 9 between 7 &2
= 792 (That's the answer)

Multiplication  by  11  (if  sum  of
digits is greater than 10)
87 x 11
=>  8 + 7 = 15 
because  here  15  is  greater  than  10,  first
use 5 and then add 1 to the first term 8, 
which gives you the answer
= 957 
Multiplication  of  numbers  ending
in  5  with  the  same  first  terms
(square of a number)
25 x 25 
first term = (2 + 1) x 2 = 6
last term = 25
answer = 625 ­­­> square of 25
75 x 75 
first term = (7 + 1) x 7 = 56
last term = 25
answer = 5625 ­­­> 75 squared

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Anonymous
•   4 years ago

 4 years ago

not clear the meaning of last
term.if we take an example of
75*75 than 7+1*7=56 than if
we take a last term ie. 75 than
the answer is 5675 but that is
wrong .right answer is 5625
plz clear it

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

venkI >

Anonymous
•   a year ago

75*75=?
(7+1)*5=56
5*5=25
so ans is 5625 is u got
r not..??

△  ▽

• Reply •

Share › 
Bhupati

> venkI
•   a year
ago

dear U r wrong
(7+1)*5=40
not 56

△  ▽

• Reply

Share › 
rohit

>
Bhupati
•   10
months
ago

(7+1)*7=56
5*5=25
so its
5625

△  ▽
• Reply

Share › 
Raju
Rs

>
rohit
•   10
months
ago

It's not

It's not
like that
the
correct
procedure
is
(75*75)..
Last
digits
multiply
5*5=25
then
after
7*8=56...
U can
do same
procedure
to 15,
25,
etc....

△  ▽
• Reply

Share › 
Vikaashh singh
•   4 years ago

Look if we need to find square
of any no ending with 5 like
175*175
write 25 at the unit and tenth
place blindfoldly then for the
later part just find 17*(17+1)=
17*18=306. so the ans will be
30625 rather 30675.
The correct ans is 30625, you
can check it out.
other example 195*195=
19*20=380 & 25 at ones &
tenth place so ans is 38025.
It's handy concept for finding
square of the no ending with 5.
Hope you concept is clear
now:)
1 △  

• Reply • Share › 

The Back Bencher
Teachers  •  4 years ago

@ Anonymous : The last term

is not 75. Its 25 (5 X 5). Please
do check it...
1 △  

• Reply • Share › 

Anonymous
•   4 years ago

thnks....!! its helpful..! :)

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

soniya  •  4 years ago

thanks a lot :)
1 △  

• Reply • Share › 

Anonymous
•   4 years ago

can u plz tell how to find cube
roots apart frm factor method

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

The Back Bencher
Teachers  •  4 years ago

We are going to post the
procedure in a few days
Friend. Keep Checking :)

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

Atul shelke  •  4 years ago

Its so helpful.
Awsum work.Thank u so
much

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

manikanta  •  3 years ago

last term will be always 25 only
75*75=
f.t=(7+1)*7=56
L.T=25(fix for all)
answer=5625
1 △  

• Reply • Share › 

Raj Hasa  •  3 years ago

thanks for all the stuff
provuded by this webpage
.....................

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• Reply • Share › 

Anonymous
•   3 years ago

 3 years ago

very useful
1 △  

• Reply • Share › 

Anonymous
•   3 years ago

Really gud nd usefull

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• Reply • Share › 

Anonymous
•   3 years ago

Thanks a lot for providing such
a useful website for us......

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• Reply • Share › 

Anonymous
•   3 years ago

gud tricks.......
super like.......

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• Reply • Share › 

Anonymous
•   3 years ago

THANKS ..REALLY GUD
TRICKS ......APPRECIABLE
WORK.......

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• Reply • Share › 

Anonymous
•   3 years ago

its really good

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

Raj  •  3 years ago

Great work..thanks...

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• Reply • Share › 

Anonymous
•   3 years ago

Thanking for all of u, who are
involved in this creation.
Thanks again. I didn't open my
institute books to prepare for
IBPS as you have provided all
subjects.

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

thenmozhi  •  3 years ago

re ­exam is going to tough ah

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

tina Ingle  •  3 years ago

another method:multiplication
of no. ending in 5with same
first term
25*25
first term is 2
next number is 3
2*3=6
squre of 5=25
so ans is 625
more e.g.35*35=1225
45*45=2025
115*115=12125

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

sweta > tina Ingle
•   a year ago

Nice
But plz explain 115
×115.....?

△  ▽

• Reply •

Share › 
meenu >
sweta
•   a year
ago

first multiply
11*11
then have
square of 5
then combine
both the result

△  ▽

• Reply

Share › 
pankaj singh >
tina Ingle
•   a year ago

WRONG
115*115=13225 i.e.
(11+1)*12=132and
5*5=25 so answer is
13225

△  ▽

• Reply •

△  ▽

Share › 

Nish > tina Ingle
•   10 months ago

115*115=13225

△  ▽

• Reply •

Share › 

Shiv RK  •  3 years ago

Thanks for the update Tina
Good Day

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

tina Ingle  •  3 years ago

another method:multiplication
of number ending in 5 with
same first term
25*25
2 is first term and 5 is second
term
cosecutive no. of first term is 3
multiply both no.2*3=6
squre of second term =25
so ans is 625
more e.g.35*35=1225
45*45=2025

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

Aman Meena
•   3 years ago

any short cut for 45*55

△  ▽

• Reply • Share › 

Peehu > Aman
Meena
•   2 years ago

45*55
45/2*110 (55+55)
instead of 110 we can
write 100+10, so....
22.5*(100+10)
22.5*100 + 22.5*10
2250+225
=2475

△  ▽

• Reply •

Share › 
Gowtam

> Peehu
•   a year
ago

Hai
friendzzzz...
Another
Shortcut
Method for
Multiply 45*55:
1st Step: 
Check the
Conditions 
(i) Unit Digit is 5
(ex:25,35,45...)
(ii) Difference of
Tens in digits
are 1.(ex:25*35,
3~2=1; 45*55,
4~5=1...)
2nd Step:
Adding larger
number by 1 is
5+1 = 6, then
multiply 6 by 4
(6*4) = 24

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