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QUIZ ONE NAME ___________________________ ____ /100

**Please show work for full credit! Graphing calculators are permissible. Answers on
**

separate sheet…please.

**1) Carefully describe the method of linear approximation and illustrate its use with
**

an example of your own. (10 points)

L(x) = f(a) + f’

(a) (x-a) will approximate f(x) near x=a. Remember: L(x) is a

linear function.

2) If two resistors with resistances R1 and R2 are connected in parallel, as in the

figure, then the total resistance R, measured in ohms ( ), is given by:

1 1 1

R R1 R2

**If R1 and R2 are increasing at rates of 0.3 /s and 0.2 /s, respectively, how
**

fast is R changing when R1 = 80 and R2 =100 ? (30 points)

Phillips-Park solution

1 1 1 R R2 RR

1 R 1 2

R R1 R1 R1 R2 R1 R2

Fully differentiating:

'

dR R1 R2 ( R1 R2 )( R1 R2 )'( R1 R2 )' ( R1 R2 )

dt

R1 R2 ( R1 R 2 ) 2

' ' ' '

( R R2 )( R1 R2 R1 R2 ) ( R1 R2 )( R1 R2 )

1

(80 100) 2

(80 100)(0.3 100 0.2 80) (0.3 0.2)(100 80)

2

(80 100)

(180)(30 16) (0.5)(8000) 4280

2

0.1320987/ s

(180) (180) 2

1

3) Two people start from the same point. One walks east at 3 mi/h and the other

walks northeast at 2 mi/h. How fast is the distance between the people changing

after 15 minutes? (30 points)

Hong-Chandler approach

Using the cosine rule we can write distance between the two as a function of

the angle and their distances from the origin:

2

z 2 x 2 y 2 2 xy cos(45 o ) x 2 y 2 2 xy

2

z 2 x 2 y 2 2 xy

dx / dt 2mi / h

dy / dt 3mi / h

x 2 * 1 / 4 1 / 2mi

y 3 * 1 / 4 3 / 4mi

z (1 / 2) 2 (3 / 4) 2 (6 2 / 16) (4 / 16) (9 / 16) (6 2 / 16)

(13 6 2 ) / 16 13 6 2 / 4mi

dz / dt ?

Fully differentiate the implicit equation:

2 zz ' 2 xx'2 yy' 2( xy'x' y )

2 zz ' 2(1 / 2)(2) 2(3 / 4)(3) 2 ((1 / 2)(3) 2(3 / 4))

2 zz ' 2 (9 / 2) 2 ((3 / 2) (3 / 2))

2 zz ' (4 / 2) (9 / 2) (6 2 / 2)

2 zz ' (13 6 2 ) / 2

1 1

z ' (13 6 2 ) (13 6 2 )

4z 4( 13 6 2 / 4)

1

z' (13 6 2 ) 13 6 2 mi / h

13 6 2

Q: How does this result compare to the one we determined in class?

2

4) Find the linear approximation of the function g ( x) 3 1 x at a 0 and use it to

approximate the numbers 3 0.95 and 3 1.1 . Illustrate by graphing g and the

tangent line. [Use your TI.] (10 points)

First derive and then use the formula from problem 1.

1 2

g ' ( x) (1 x) 3

3

1

g ' (a) g ' (0)

3

g (a ) g (0) 1

1 1

L( x) g (a ) g ' (a )( x a ) 1 x x 1

3 3

Plug x= -.05 and x= 0.1 into L(x) to generate estimates.

**5) A particle moves on a vertical line so that its coordinate at time t is
**

x b 2 c 2 t 2 , t 0 , where b and c are positive constants. (20 points)

**a) Find the velocity and acceleration functions.
**

b) Show that the particle always moves in a positive direction.

x b 2 c 2 t 2

1 2 2 2

1

2 2 c 2t

x' (b c t ) (2c t )

2 b 2 c 2 t 2

a) 1

c 2 b 2 c 2 t 2 c 2 t 12 (b 2 c 2 t 2 ) 2

(2c 2 t )

x' '

b 2 c 2 t 2

1

c 2 b 2 c 2 t 2 c 4 t (b 2 c 2 t 2 ) 2

t

acceleration

b 2 c 2 t 2

b) Show that x’ is always positive.

**BONUS QUESTION**

-1

6) Show that if f and f are differentiable, then

1

f ' ( f 1 ( x)) 1'

f ( x)

Let f-1 = g.

f(g(x)) = x because f and g are inverses of each other.

Deriving on both sides, we get:

f’(g(x)) g’(x) = 1 f’ (g(x)) = 1 / g’

(x). Done.

3

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