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AP CALCULUS AB WINTER TERM Score

QUIZ THREE NAME ANSWER KEY ____ /50

Please show work for full credit! Graphing calculators are permissible. Answers on
separate sheet…please.

1) Given that f(x) = ax3 + bx2 + cx + d has precisely two local extrema on the
interval (-1, 1), determine all the necessary restrictions on the
coefficients a, b, c, and d. Can you find four real numbers a, b, c, and d
such that the function f(x) = ax3 + bx2 + cx + d satisfies the condition
above?
Hint: State and apply the Mean Value Theorem. [20 points]
2) Suppose f is an odd function [so f(x) = -f(-x)] and is differentiable
everywhere. Show that for every positive number b, there exists a
number c in the open interval (-b, b) such that f ‘ (c) = f(b) / b. [10 points]
3) Sketch the graph of a function that has:
a) An absolute maximum but no absolute minimum.
b) An absolute minimum but no absolute maximum.
c) Two local maxima and one local minimum.
d) Modify the graph in part c) so that you have three local minima and
no local maximum.
(10 points)

4) Suppose that f (0) 3 and f ' ( x) 5 for all values of x. How large can

f (2) possibly be? (10 points)

1) Polynomials are differentiable and continuous everywhere. The obvious
interval to apply the Mean Value Theorem on is the one that’ s given, [-1, 1].
Notice that the secant line connecting f(-1) and f(1) needn’ t be horizontal in
order to have two local extreme values in the interior of [-1, 1]. For example,
you could have f(-0.9)= f(0.9) and that would guarantee the existence of at
least one local extreme in the interior of [-0.9, 0.9]. Nevertheless, we can set
f (1) f (1)
f ' ( m)  equal to zero.
1 (1)
We get:

f (1) f (1) (a b c d ) (a b c d ) 2a 2c
  a c 0
1 (1) 2 2
So that a c.

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Next we need to ensure that f(x) has two local extremes on (-1, 1). Deriving, we
get f ' ( x) 3ax 2 2bx c 3ax 2 2bx a
D 4b 2 12a 2 0  b 2 3a 2 0 , true for any choice of b, d.
f(-1) = -a+b-c+d = b+d = f(1)
Choose a=1, b=0, c= -1, d=1, so that f(1) = f(-1) = b + d = 0 + 1 = 1.
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f(x)= x3-x+1. Verify that f’
(x) = 3x2-1 = 0 has two real solutions, m  ,
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which correspond with the local extreme values.

2) Apply MVT on (-b, b):

There exists c in (-b, b) such that
f (b) f (b) f (b) (f (b)) f (b) f (b) 2 f (b) f (b)
f ' (c )      .
b (b) 2b 2b 2b b

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3) a) An absolute max but no absolute min.

b) An absolute min but no absolute max.

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c) Two local maxima and one local min.

d) Remove two local maxima to create two new local minima.

4) How would you justify the use of the Mean Value theorem here?
f (2) f (0) f (2) (3) f (2) 3
  5
2 0 2 2
So that: f (2) 3 10  f (2) 7.

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