Welcome to FHWA-NHI-132070B Drilled Shaft Inspector Tutorial, Module 1

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Defining Drilled Shafts. This module will explore the basics of drilled shafts.
Image description: A giant auger used to drill shafts.

Upon completion of this module. you will be able to: •Define and describe drilled shaft foundations. and •List advantages and disadvantages of drilled shaft foundations. During this module. . This module will take approximately 15 minutes to complete. •List drilled shaft types. knowledge checks are provided to test your understanding of the material presented.

.First. Then we’ll review the different drilled shaft types and the advantages and disadvantages of drilled shafts. let’s explore and define drilled shafts.

Structures can be supported by a variety of foundations. . The selection of the foundation system is generally based upon several factors. for example high lateral capacity and others. •Site subsurface materials. and •Cost.A drilled shaft is a deep foundation that is constructed by placing fluid concrete in a drilled hole. such as: •Loads to be imposed. •Special needs.

. excellent performing. deep foundation system that is utilized worldwide. have proven to be a cost effective. Image description: Schematic of a drilled shaft. drilled piers. also called caissons. where large loads and lateral resistance are major factors. Typically they are used for bridges and large structures. or bored piles.Drilled shafts.

and combination. .There are a few different types of drilled shafts: end bearing. friction. Select each type to learn more.

Drilled shafts can be designed as "End Bearing" meaning the load is carried by the base or "end" of the shaft. .

The site subsurface soils the shaft are installed into "grab" the sides of the shaft.Shafts designed for having their load dissipated throughout the materials they are formed into are called "Friction" shafts. .

.Shafts can also be designed as combined end bearing and friction shaft.

. •Are easily adaptable to varying site conditions.There are several advantages to drilled shaft foundations. and •Have high axial and lateral loading capacity. •Produce slightly less noise and reduced vibrations. •Minimize pile cap needs. Drilled shaft foundations: •Can be a cost effective option.

. •Are not recommended at sites with contaminated soils. and •Quality and performance are affected by both a lack of construction expertise and a lack of qualified inspectors. Drilled shaft foundations: •Are extremely sensitive to construction procedures.Although there are many advantages to using drilled shaft foundations. there are some disadvantages to be aware of and consider.

Select the best answer. b) Constructed by placing concrete in a deep hole. .Now let’s review what you have learned. What is a drilled shaft? a) A type of deep foundation. c) A foundation that has the capacity for large loads. or d) All of the above.

The correct answer is d) All of the above. .

or b) False. a) True. Drilled shafts can only be designed as end bearing or friction. .True or false.

drilled shafts can be designed as a combination of end bearing and friction. .The correct answer is b) False. Besides being end bearing or friction.

To close this window. Return to the course curriculum to select the next module. . select the "X" in the upper right hand corner of your screen.You have finished Module 1: Defining Drilled Shafts.