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PreCalculus Tw0 –

Quiz Four NAME ______________________

Show all your work for full credit!!

Problem One (10 points)

If a ball is thrown into the air with an initial velocity of 40 ft/s, its height (in feet) after t
2
seconds is given by y 40t 16t .

i) Find velocity when t= 2.
2
f ( a h ) f ( a ) 16 a 2 )
v( a) lim h
lim 40( a h ) 16( a hh ) (40 a 

h 0 h 0
2
16 h 2 40 a 16 a 2
lim 40 a 40 h16 a 32 ah 
h

h 0
2
lim 40 h32hah 16 h lim 40 32a 16h 40 32a.
h 0 h 0

v(2) 40 32 
2 40 64 24 ft / s.

ii) When will the ball hit the ground?
y 40t 16t 2
y 0  40t 16t 2 0
t (40 16t ) 0
40 16t 0
40
t 16 2.5s

iii) With what velocity will the ball hit the ground?
v(2.5) 40 32 2.5 40 ft / s.

Problem Two (10 points)

Find f '(a ).

a) f ( x)  x 2
f ( x ) f ( a ) x 2  a 2  x 2  a 2  x 2  a 2 
f '( a ) lim lim lim 
x a
x a
x a
x a
x a x a  x 2  a 2 
x 2 ( a 2) x a 1
lim lim lim 
x a    xa x a  x 2  a 2  x a  x 2  a 2 
x a  x 2  a 2

1
 a 2   1 .
 a 2  2 a 2

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PreCalculus Tw0 –
Quiz Four NAME ______________________

f ( x) x x1
x ( a 1) a ( x 
1)
x a
f ( x ) f ( a ) x 1a 1
f '( a ) lim x a
lim x1 a
x a
1
lim x a

x a x a x a
b)
lim xx(a11)a ( x 1) xa x ax a x a
a 1x a lim x 1a 1x a lim x 1a 1x a 
x a x a x a
1 1 1
lim x 1
a 1a 1a 1 a 1 2 .
x a  

Problem Three (10 points)

Write both definitions of the derivative of a function at a given point and describe its
significance.
f ( x ) f ( a )
f '( a) lim x a
x a
f ( a h ) f ( a )
f '( a) lim h
h 0

The derivative describe the instantaneous rate of a change of a function f(x) at a given
point x=a. Graphically, it represents the slope of the tangent to the graph of f(x) at point
(a, f(a)).

Problem Four (10 points)

Find an equation of the tangent line to the curve at the given point. Graph the curve
and the tangent line.

f ( x) x x 2
P (1, 0)
f '(1) 1
y x b
At point P the equation of the tangent line yields:
( 1) b
0 
b 1
y x 1.

Problem Five (10 points)

Find the derivative of the quadratic function f ( x ) ax 2 bx c at P (m, f (m)).

f ( x ) ax 2 bx c at P (m, f (m)).
f '(m) 2am b.

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