iCBSE.com will not be updated for some time, meanwhile visit cbse.nic.in or cbseacademic.com

Déménagement Electricité
Pas de Stress : Demandez en Ligne ! Démarches Simplifiées et Rapides.



CBSE Schools



Career Options



CBSE Helpline



CBSE > > Cyclotron

Cyclotron Working Principle

CBSE Result 2015:
It is a device developed by Lawrence and Livingstone and is used to accelerate charged particles likeprotons
and deuterons. This results in the production of high energy beam which is then used for artificial disintegration,

Class 10 New!
Class 12 New!

It consists of two D shaped metal boxes (about 21″ in diameter) with their straight sides facing each other. There


is a very small gap between these Dee’s faces across which a high potential difference (of order of 10 5 volts) is
applied by a high frequency (10-15 mega cycles per second) oscillator. Thus an alternating electric field is
established between Dee’s during one half cycle, one dee is positive and the other is negative while during the
next half cycle, the other is positive and one is negative. A source of particle (heavy hydrogen for producing
deutrons) is placed between the faces. The whole apparatus is placed between the pole pieces NS of a very
strong magnet.

Start a Discussion



Sample Papers 2015 New!
Best Answer Sheets 2014 New!
JEE (Main) 2013
JEE (Advanced) 2013
NEET-UG 2013
Heritage India Quiz, 2012
Group Mathematical Olympiad, 2012
Central Sector Scholarship, 2012

click on images to zoom
Sample Papers

Regional Offices

CBSE Syllabus

Improvement Exam

Date Sheet

Compartment Exam

CBSE Result

Marks Verification

CBSE Books

Private Candidate

Consequently, particle moves along a circular path whose radius is given by

CBSE Schools

Grading System


CCE Pattern

CGPA Calculator

Project Work

Question Papers


Proficiency Test

Suppose a deuteron is at the centre of the gap and D1 is at negative potential compared to D2 then deuterons will
be accelerated by the electric field between the dees towards D 1 . Since magnetic field B is perpendicular to the
direction of motion of deuteron, a force will act on the particle given by

F = qv x B (where v and B are vectors) = qvB

Like Page
So time period and frequency is independent of speed of charge and radius of circular path. If this frequency is
equal to the frequency of the oscillator then by the time particle complete half revolution the polarity of the field will
change. Deuteron will again be accelerated across the gap, its velocity will increase so that now it will move in a
circular path of greater radius but its frequency will not be affected and the process of acceleration continues.

Be the first of your friends to like this

The particle is thus accelerated to gain high velocity. Its kinetic energy increases and when radius of the path
reaches upto the value of the radius of the dee (R), beam is deflected by a negatively charged plate. Therefore
with r=R, its maximum kinetic energy will be




So the necessary condition for accelerating the deuterons is




Important Topics
Cyclotron Explained with Equations
Froth Floatation Process


Important Mathematical Formulae
Modulation : Communication System

where f0 is oscillator frequency. This is called resonance condition.

Properties of Electromagnetic Waves
Quantum Numbers Exaplained
Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom

As velocity attained is high, we choose heavier particles e.g., protons, deuterons for acceleration in cyclotron. The
reason is that at such high velocities, mass varies with velocity and f will then depend on velocity, upsetting the
resonance condition. This variation in mass is more marked in the case of lighter particles. So cyclotron is suitable

Structure of DNA -A double helix
Why Sky appears blue in colour ?

only for accelerating heavy particle like protons, deuterons a – particles etc.

April 2011

Electrons can not be accelerated by cyclotrons because the mass of electron is verysmall and a small increase
in energy of electron makes the electrons move with very high speed. As a result of it the electron go quickly out

March 2011
February 2011

of step with oscillating electric field, it is for these reasons that other accelerating machines such as synchrotron,
betatron (for accelerating electrons) have been developed. Cyclotron can not be used for accelerating uncharged
particle like neutrons.

January 2011
Chemistry Projects
C++ Projects

Cyclotron in India
Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC) is located in Calcutta, India.The Centre building itself houses a 224 cm
cyclotron, was the first of its kind in India, having been operational since 1977-06-16. It provides proton, deuteron,
alpha particle and heavy ion beams of various energies to other institutions.

CGPA Calculator
Percentile Calculator
Rent Books

Biology Important Topics
Chemistry Important Topics
Froth Floatation Process

JEE Main

Large Hadron Collider (LHC)

JEE Advanced

Modulation in Communication System

Proficiency Test

Physics Important Topics
Preserve and protect Heritage Monuments in India


Properties of Electromagnetic Waves
Quantum Numbers
Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom
Salt Analysis
Structure of DNA


November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009

Swine Flu in India

May 2009

Which came first: The Chicken or the Egg ?

April 2009

Why Sky is Blue in Color?

learn math, arts
at Sunnyvale Middle
School Sunnyvale, CA

© 2016 iCBSE.com | Disclaimer