B2 Tissues and organs – ICT lesson

What is a tissue?
A group of similar cells with similar structure working together e.g. muscle tissues contract
causing movement
What do glandular, epithelial, epidermal, mesophyll, xylem and phloem tissues do?
Glandular Tissues produce substances such as enzymes and hormones.
Epithelial Tissues cover the outside of your body as well as the body’s organs.
Epidermal Tissues cover surfaces and protect them (the skin).
Mesophyll Tissues (only found in plants) contain lots of chloroplasts and can carry out
photosynthesis.
Xylem Tissues & Phloem Tissues are transport tissues in plants, they carry water and mineral
ions, from the roots up to the leaves and dissolved food from the leaves to other parts of the
plant.
What is an organ?
Organs are made of tissues; one organ may contain many different types of cells.
What tissues are in stomach cells?
Epithelial to cover the outside of the organ. Glandular to produce digestive juices. And
Muscular to churn the food.
What is the job of the following organs?

Pancreas – creating insulin hormones to control blood sugar, and also producing
some enzymes for
digestion.

Brain – Contains the hypothalamus, which is the sensitivity centre and the
pituitary gland which
produces hormones

Kidney - It cleans blood and waste products that your body doesn’t need, it also
controls ion and
water levels in the body.

Heart – To pump blood around the body, the left side pumps blood from the lungs
to the body, the
right from the body back to the lungs.

Bladder – It contains the urine in the body, and can be released through the
urethra when
necessary.

Small intestine – To digest food and take out any minerals and nutrients and
dissolve them into the
blood stream.

Liver.        Fat cell Cone cell in the human eye Rod cell in the human eye Root hair cell in a plant Sperm cell Nerve cell Red blood cell . – Digestive System – Pancreas. Arteries.What is an organ system? Different organs are combined in organ systems to carry out major functions in the body. Alveoli and Bronchi – Circulatory System – Heart. – Respiratory System – Trachea. Oesophagus and Rectum. Stomach. Veins. What organs are involved in…. Lungs. Salivary Glands. Lungs. Small & Large Intestines. Capillaries Specially adapted organs How have the cells in the lungs adapted to make gas exchange occur more efficiently? How have the cells in the small intestine adapted to make digestion occur more efficiently? How have the cells in the kidneys adapted to make filtration of the blood occur more efficiently? Specialised cells Find a picture of the following cells and describe (in your own words) how they are adapted to perform their specialised job.