(EEE 111)

Name & Matrix Number :
1) Ahmad Syahir bin Berahim
2) Ahmad Zulfikry bin Ramly
3) Mohd Hisyam Fikri bin Alias


Group : EEE1111I
Date Performed :
Date of Submission : 18.07.2013
Lecturer’s Name :

Page | 1

INDEX Objective Materials Procedure Discussion Conclusion Page 3 3 3-6 7 7 Objectives Page | 2 .

What is the meter reading? Answer : Infinity. what is the meter reading? Answer : 13. What can you conclude from this experiment? Answer : could be in one direction allowed 4.1MΩ 2. Answer : Page | 3 . 3. Draw the symbol of a diode and label the cathode and the anode. Multimeter ( analog and digital ) Diode ( any value ) Transistor NPN and PNP Transformer voltage step down ( 12 – 0 – 12 ) Procedure a) Diode Testing 1. capacitor.1. 2. Reverse the leads and read the meter again. devices and transformers. To indentify electronics components such as resistor. set the multimeter as ohmmeter. Construct the circuit as shown in figure below. Materials and Equipment 1. 4. semiconductor. To understand the electronics devices characteristics. 2. ∞ 3.

Record your reading in table. Refer to figure 3. It should read high resistance in both directions. 2. 5. Page | 4 . C and E. Now reverse the probe and repeat the procedure to find the resistance Rcb and Reb. Set the multimeter as ohmmeter. Record your readings (either “high” or “low”) in table. The readings should both be the same. read the resistance Rbc. Measure the resistance Rec and Rce between emitter and collector. consult a data book. 6.8 and identify the pin B. If you do not know the transistor connection. Clip the positive meter lead to pin B. With the positive meter probe still clipped to B. 4.b) Transistor Testing 1. Record your reading in table. 3. The results should be the opposite of those obtained before. either both are high resistance or both are low resistance. The pin B is always assumed as the one in the middle. Touch the other lead onto the collector pin (C). touch the other probe onto the emitter pin (E) to read the resistance Rbr.

Page | 5 . Low High Low High High** Low High High **A thousand or more times the low impedance. Answer : Transistor PNP c) Testing a step-down transformer 1. High High Indicate yout transistor type (NPN or PNP) by comparing your result with table.Resistance High or Rbe High Ohmmeter Readings of Test Transistor Reb Rbc Rcb Low High Low Rce Low Rec High Low Reference Ohmmeter Reading for Transistor Checking … pnp High npn Low* *Between 1Ω and 10Ω. Identify the primary and secondary terminals of the transformer.

Transistor Transistors have three terminals of base. I cannot distinguish positive terminal and negative terminal. This reading should be low but no 0Ω. the transformer is dead. What is your resistance reading? Answer : ∞ 3.  Transformer is bad (open circuit) if resistance is too high. During this experiment. After learning.2. measure the resistance of every primary and secondary lead to the chassis. A low reading here indicates a short to the transformer core. Measure the resistance of the secondary winding. This reading should be very high. What is your resistance reading? Answer : 0. From your measurement. Answer : Good Discussion - - Diode While doing this experiment.  Transformer is bad (open circuit) if resistance is too high. Measure the resistance of the primary winding. meaning that the transformer is dead.  Transformer is bad (short circuit) if resistance is too low.  Transformer is bad (short circuit) if resistance equal to zero. If it is not. the negative terminal must have a symbol.21kΩ 4. What is your resistance reading? Answer : 2. the resistance should be less than the resistance reading at primary winding. emitters and collectors. hundreds of kilo ohms or preferably mega ohms. For step-down transformer.45Ω 5. we do not know want to park at the transistor terminal of the positive Page | 6 . identify whether your transformer is good or bad. Using the ohmmeter.

terminal transistor. After described in detail. After obtaining the evidence. Step-down Transformer We cannot distinguish which one side uses the step-up transformers and any other use of the step-down transformers. We hope we can use in future experimental tests. low voltage to high voltage is the step-up transformers and high voltage to low voltage step-down transformers. we have learned that the letter - referred to his feet first is the positive leg. Conclusion We feel good about being able to do this experiment with successfully. transistors and transformers. Page | 7 . We are starting to know a bit about electrical components such as diode.