Microbiology Test 1

Student’s name and group #_____________________________________

1)
a)
b)
c)
d)

Which of the following toxins has phospholipase C activity?
Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin
Clostridium tetani exotoxin
Corynebacterium diphtheriae exotoxin
Clostridium perfringens toxin

2)
a)
b)
c)
d)

What type of phage is used in phage-typing?
Prophage
Virulent phage
Temperate phage
Filamentous phage

3)
a)
b)
c)
d)

Which of the following enzymes would be most likely to affect sugar transport into bacteria?
Acetyltransferase
Phosphotransferase
Neuraminidase
Oxidase

4) Polymers of N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylmuramic acid are found in which one of the following
chemical structures?
a) Teichoic acid
b) Cell wall
c) Glycocalyx
d) Lipopolysaccharide
5) What type of phage is not inactivated by proteases?
a) Virulent phage
b) Temperate phage
c) Prophage
d) Filamentous phage
6) What type of bacteria synthesize organic compounds from inorganic compounds?
a) Heterotrophs
b) Autotrophs
c) Obligate anaerobes
d) Aerobes
7)
a)
b)
c)
d)

Which of the following microorganisms is dimorphic?
Viruses
Prions
Bacteria
Fungi

8)
a)
b)
c)
d)

Which of the following bacterial structures is most involved in adherence?
Capsule
Lipopolysaccharide
Ordinary pili
O-specific side chain

9)
a)
b)
c)

Which of the following toxins acts on synaptosomes?
Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin
Clostridium tetani exotoxin
Corynebacterium diphtheriae exotoxin

d) Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin 10) a) b) c) d) Which one of the following statements applies to bacteria that contain superoxide dismutase? Need superoxide to grow Grow slowly in the presence of CO2 Produce hydrogen peroxide from hydrogen ion and the superoxide free radical (O2-) Are frequently obligate anaerobes 11) a) b) c) d) Which of the following statements describes lysogenic phage conversion? The transformation of a virulent phage to a lysogenic phage The conversion of a prophage to a temperate phage The incorporation of a prophage into the bacterial chromosome A change in bacterial phenotype due to the presence of a prophage 12) a) b) c) d) Which of the following microorganisms may be inactivated by RNases with endonuclease activity? Viruses Viroids Fungi Prions 13) Which of the following types of media would best be used to isolate bacteria capable of growth in a highsalt concentration? a) Minimal growth media b) Complex growth media c) Selective growth media d) Differential growth media 14) a) b) c) d) Which of the following statements concerning prokaryotic cells is true? They have processed mRNAs. includes endotoxin. 17) a) b) c) d) Which of the following microorganisms has a nuclear membrane? Viruses Prions Bacteria Fungi 18) Which of the following toxins induces electrolyte loss as a result of overproduction of cyclic adenosine monophosphate? a) Clostridium tetani exotoxin b) Corynebacterium diphtheriae exotoxin . contains matrix porins. They transfer secretory proteins into the Golgi apparatus before secretion. contains glycocalyx. They generally have exons and introns. They have coupled transcription and translation. 15) a) b) c) d) What type of bacteria lack superoxide dismutase? Heterotrophs Aerobes Facultative anaerobes Obligate anaerobes 16) a) b) c) d) The plasma membrane contains the enzymes involved in bacterial oxidative phosphorylation.

a lytic bacteriophage. a replicon.c) Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin d) Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin 19) a) b) c) d) Bacterial antibiotic resistance is frequently conveyed by an R factor plasmid. an intron. 20) a) b) c) d) Which of the following requires cell to cell contact? Transformation Transduction Conjugation Recombination 21) a) b) c) d) Which of the following is mediated by a bacteriophage that carries host-cell DNA? Transformation Transcription Conjugation Transduction 22) a) b) c) d) Which of the following involves exchange of allelic forms of genes? Transformation Conjugation Recombination Transcription 23) a) b) c) d) Which of the following involves synthesis of RNA from a DNA template? Transformation Conjugation Transcription Translation 24) a) b) c) d) Which of the following creates high-frequency recombination donors? Conjugation Recombination Transduction Transcription .