HOW TO LEARN

GUITAR

HOW TO LEARN
GUITAR
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

SETTING UP
CHORDS
power chords
Tablature/tabs
scales
techniques
alt tuning

1) SETTING UP
STANDARD TUNING

e
B
G
D
A
E

EVERY
BODY
GOES
DOWN
AND
EATS

guitar tunings assign pitches to the open string
of guitars. standard tuning defines the string
pitches as e, a, d, G, B AND e FROM THE LOWEST
(LOW E) TO THE HIGHEST (HIGH E).

e
low

a

d

g b

e
high

also shown above is how standard tuning would
look on the keys of a piano.

12

2) chords

3 4

a Chord is any harmonic
set of three or more
notes played at the same
time

head of guitar

on the guitar you’d play these notes
using one or a combination of your
fingers placed on the fretboard:-

Basic CHords
key:- x-don’t play o-play open string

3

D

o

2
1
o

e

0

1
3
2

x
x

0

3

1
1

f

2
3

G

o
0
0

1

x

2

x
o

o

3
1
2

a
0

a
minor

x

B

IS A BIT
HARDER TO PLAY
THOUGH WILL BE
FEATURED LATER
in this book.

3
1
2
0
x

o

c

1
0

2
3
x

3) power chords
a power chord (also fifth chord) is a
chord that consists of the root note
and the fifth.

3
3
1
example g - powerchord
They’re easier to play than their fullversion counterparts and don’t contain a
major or minor quality to them, so they
can stand in for either type of chord.

3
3
1
example d - powerchord
power chords are a key element in many
styles of rock, punk rock, heavy metal
and similar genres.

4) Tablature (tabs)
tablature or tab for short is a form of
musical notation indicating instrument
fingering rather than musical pitches.
tabs are common for fretted stringed
instruments such as the guitar.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
tabs written will cover the whole fretboard numerically and each string bottom
to top.
tab example
the clash - should i stay or should i go
e
b
g
d
a
e

7 7 7
7 7 7 5 5 5 5
5 5 5 5 5 5 5
3 3 3 3

7
7
5

tab example
NIRVANA - sMELLS LIKE A TEEN SPIRIT
e
b
g
d
a
e

3
3
1

33 3
33 3
11 1

3 3
3 3
1 1

6
6
4

6 6
6 6
4 4

66 6
66 6
44 4

tab example
bob marley - redemption song (intro)
e
b
g
d
a
e

3

0 2

2 0
3

3

2

3

0 2

0

2

3 0

5) SCALes
A SCALE IS ANY SET OF MUSICAL NOTES
ORDERED BY PITCH. MELODY AND HARMONY OF A
MUSICAL WORK IS USUALLY BUILT USING THE
NOTES OF A SINGLE SCALE.
DUE TO THE PRINICPLE OF AN OCTAVE, SCALES
ARE GENERALLY CONSIDERED TO SPAN A SINGLE OCTAVE, WITH HIGHER OR LOWER OCTAVES
SIMPLY REPEATING THE PATTERN.

3

tab example
G MINOR Pentatonic scale-root on 6th string
e
b
g
d
a
e

3 5
3 6

3 5

3 6

3 6

3 5

A pentatonic scale is a scale that has 5
notes per octave.
The minor pentatonic scale is typically
the first scale guitarists learn to solo
with and is used to form solos in rock,
blues and other popular styles of music
tab example
G blues scale-root on 5th string
e
b
g
d
a
e

3 4 5
3 6

3 5

4 6 7

3 6

3 6

Once you learn the minor pentatonic scale,
it should be relatively easy to learn
the blues scale as it is essentially the
same with one additional note (a flattened
5th).

6) techniques
in guitar playing there’s lots of methods
and techniques people use to adjust, alter
or enhance the sounds played on a guitar.

palm muting
palm muting is a
technique for guitar
and bass made by
placing the side of
the picking hand
across the strings
very close to the
bridge of the guitar.

gui
bri tar
dge

Fret hand muting
similar to palm muting,
fret hand muting is
done by playing a chord/
note then lifting your
hand up to the fret so
that it is still pushing on the strings but
not cutting the sound
completely.
When strummed this
should produce a
crispier tone and sound.

7) alt tuning
Drop D tuning
Drop D tuning also known as DADGBE is an
alternative form of guitar tuning in which
the lowest string is tuned down (Dropped) from
it’s usual pitch e down a tone to d

E
de
Drop D tuning is frequently used in heavy metal
and its various subgenres, as guitarists in these
styles often need fast transitions between power chords. though it is also used in other styles
such as acoustic, blues and folk music.

1
4
3
2

b
1
x