TO used to say where someone or something goes ON(TO)1 used to say that someone or something moves to a position on a surface, area

, or object IN(TO)2 to the inside or inner part of a container, place, area etc UP towards a higher place or position OVER above or higher than something, without touching it

The cat went to the garden

FROM starting at a particular place or position OFF not on something, or removed from something OUT OF from inside an object, container, building, or place DOWN to or towards a lower place or position UNDER below or at a lower level than something, or covered by something

The cat came from the garden

The cat jumped onto the table

The cat jumped off the table

The cat ran into the kitchen

The cat ran out of the kitchen

The cat ran up the stairs

The cat ran down the stairs The mechanic went under the car

The cat jumped over the fence

1. After fall and drop it is more natural to use on as a preposition: He fell on the floor with a thud./ He dropped down on the floor and hid under the table 2. After fall, jump and look it is more natural to use in as a preposition: The dog slipped and fell in the water. I told him to go and jump in a lake. /Look in the drawer and see if it’s there.

When we want to talk about a movement, its direction and its nature, there are

ALONG from one place on something such as a line, road, or edge towards the other end of it ACROSS from one side of something to the other AROUND surrounding or on all sides of something or someone THROUGH into one side or end of an entrance, passage, hole etc and out of the other side or end PAST up to and beyond a person or place, without stopping

He’s walking along the street

various ways of doing this: a) We can use three separate words for the

The cat ran across the street The cat ran around the bed

three ideas. She CAME + INTO the room + RUNNING. b) We can use a verb which includes the idea of direction, and describe the nature of the movement separately.

We drove through the tunnel

She ENTERED the room + RUNNING. c) Or we can use a verb which makes clear

We drove past your house

the nature of the movement and describe the direction separately. She RAN + INTO the room. In English, the third of these solutions is the most common. These are some verbs which express movement: CLIMB – COME – CRAWL – CROSS - CYCLE – DIVE – DRIVE – DROP – FALL – FLY – FLOW – GET – GO - HURRY – JUMP – MOVE – PASS – RIDE – RUN – SAIL – SIT - SKI – SWIM – TRAVEL – TURN - WALK

MORE EXAMPLES: John climbed through the window into the kitchen./ There was a knock on the door and a young woman came into the room./ There's a bug crawling up your leg./ He was hit by a car when he tried to cross over the road/I usually cycle through the park to get to school./ Diving off the cliffs is dangerous./ No American should have to drive out of town to breathe clean air./ He dropped down onto the floor and hid under the table./ A tree had fallen across the road and blocked it./ Another car flew past me and turned to the left./ Her long hair flowed down her back./ John got into his car and drove off./ The road goes through the middle of the forest./ Everyone seemed to hurry from one place to another./ My cat always jumps up onto the table when I'm trying to work./ Something was moving through the trees./ We passed through the gates into a courtyard behind./ In 1469 Ferdinand rode across the mountains to marry Isabella./ I ran down the stairs as fast as I could./ She always wanted to sail around the world./ We all used to sit around the kitchen table/They skied down a hill yesterday./The shark swam under the boat./Columbus travelled from east to west./ She cycled up the street and turned into Long Road./ Carrie walked into the room and sat down in her chair. walked