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Title page of civil law bar exam 2

. It is primarily intended forall those who desire to have a deeper understanding of the
issues touched by the Philippine BarExaminations and its trend. It is specially intended
for law students from the provinces who, veryoften, are recipients of deliberately
distorted notes from other unscrupulous law schools andstudents. Share to others this
work and you will be richly rewarded by God in heaven. It is alsovery good karma.We
would like to seek the indulgence of the reader for some Bar Questions which are
improperlyclassified under a topic and for some topics which are improperly or
ignorantly phrased, for theauthors are just Bar Reviewees who have prepared this work
while reviewing for the Bar Examsunder time constraints and within their limited
knowledge of the law. We would like to seek the
readers indulgence for a lot of typographical errors in this work.
The Authors
CIVIL LAW
Answers to the BAR as Arranged by Topics
(Year 1990-2006)
Table of Contents
GENERAL PRINCIPLES
....................................................................................................................................... 10
Civil law vs. Common Law (1997)
................................................................................................................................ 10
Effect of Obiter & Dissenting Opinion; SC Decisions (1994)
.........................................................................................10
Effectivity of Laws (1990)
............................................................................................................................................
10
Equity follows the Law(2003)
...................................................................................................................................... 10
Ignorance of the Lawvs. Mistake of Fact (1996)
........................................................................................................... 11
Inferior Courts Decisions (1994)
.................................................................................................................................. 11
Prejudicial Questions (1997)
........................................................................................................................................
11
PERSONS
...................................................................................................................................................................
11
Change of Name; Under RA 9048 (2006)
...................................................................................................................... 11

Death; Effects; Simultaneous Death (1998)


..................................................................................................................12
Death; Effects; Simultaneous Death(1999)
.................................................................................................................. 12
Death; Effects; Simultaneous Death (2000)
.................................................................................................................. 12
Juridical Capacity vs.Capacity to Act (1996)
............................................................................................................... 12
Juridical Capacity; Natural Persons (1999)
.................................................................................................................. 13
Waiver of Rights(2004)
............................................................................................................................................
... 13
CONFLICT OF LAWS
............................................................................................................................................. 13
Appilicable Laws; laws governing contracts (1992)
..................................................................................................... 13
Applicable Laws; Arts 15, 16 & 17 (1998)
..................................................................................................................... 13
Applicable Laws; Arts 15, 16, 17 (2002)
........................................................................................................................ 14
Applicable Laws; Capacity to Act (1998)
...................................................................................................................... 14
Applicable Laws; Capacity to Buy Land (1995)
............................................................................................................ 15
Applicable Laws; Capacity to Contract (1995)
.............................................................................................................. 15
Applicable Laws; capacity to succeed (1991)
............................................................................................................... 15
Applicable Laws; contracts contrary to public policy (1996)
........................................................................................ 15
Applicable Laws; Contracts of Carriage (1995)
............................................................................................................ 16
Applicable Laws; Labor Contracts (1991)
.................................................................................................................... 16
Applicable Laws; laws governing marriages (1992)
..................................................................................................... 17
Applicable Laws; laws governing marriages (2003)
..................................................................................................... 17
Applicable Laws; Sale of Real Property (1995)
............................................................................................................. 17
Applicable Laws; Succession; Intestate & Testamentary (2001)
................................................................................... 18
Applicable Laws; Sucession of Aliens (1995)
............................................................................................................... 18
Applicable Laws; Wills executed abroad (1993)

........................................................................................................... 18
Definition; Cognovit; Borrowing Statute; Characterization (1994)
................................................................................ 18
Definition; forum non-conveniens; long-arm statute (1994)
......................................................................................... 19
Divorce; effect of divorce granted to former Filipinos; Renvoi Doctrine (1997)
............................................................. 19
Domiciliary theory vs. Nationality Theory (2004)
.......................................................................................................... 19
Forum Non Conveniens & Lex Loci Contractus (2002)
................................................................................................. 19
Nationality Theory (2004)
............................................................................................................................................
. 20
Naturalization (2003)
............................................................................................................................................
....... 20
Theory; significant relationships theory (1994)
............................................................................................................ 20
Torts; Prescriptive Period (2004)
................................................................................................................................. 21
ADOPTION
.................................................................................................................................................................
21
Adoption; Use of Surname of her Natural Mother (2006)
.............................................................................................. 21
Inter-Country Adoption; Formalities (2005)
..................................................................................................................21
Parental Authority; Rescission of Adoption (1994)
...................................................................................................... 21
Qualification of Adopter(2005)
.................................................................................................................................... 22
Qualification o Adopter; Applicable Law (2001)
.......................................................................................................... 22
Qualifications of Adopter (2000)
.................................................................................................................................. 22
Qualifications of Adopter (2003)
..................................................................................................................................23
Successional Rights of Adopted Child (2004)
..............................................................................................................23
FAMILY CODE
.......................................................................................................................................................... 23
Emancipation (1993)
............................................................................................................................................
........ 23
Family Code; Retroactive Application; Vested Rights(2000)

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