World Cup Companion

The Essential Guide for all England Fans

2010

Steve Woods

Shield

Crest

 Copyright 2010 S. Woods All rights reserved

This book shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out, or otherwise circulated without the prior consent of the copyright holder or the publisher in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser

ISBN: 978-1-907629-02-0
MMX

Published by ShieldCrest, UK: Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP22 5RR www.shieldcrest.co.uk

A Must-Have Book for All England Fans Unique Easy-to-Follow Charts for 2010 Keep Your Own Daily Records of all Events and Create Your Own Match Reports A Brief Look at World Cup History and How England Can Win the World Cup Again

Additional copies can be purchased on-line at: www.shieldcrest.co.uk/book_world_cup_companion.html

Saturday 30 July, 1966
“We’re well into injury time now at the end of 90 minutes. It’s still England 2 West Germany 1. The referee blows for a foul. Surely that should be Charlton’s free kick, not Held’s! The Germans take the free kick. It goes to Weber….who scores. It’s 2-2. Ten minutes into extra time now, and it’s Ball to Hurst, who hits the ball against the crossbar! Well, both Hurst and Hunt think the ball crossed the line before it bounced back into play. The referee is consulting his linesman…. and points to the centre-circle! It’s a goal. It’s England 3 West Germany 2. Into the last minute of the match and it’s Hurst going forward. He shoots, and it’s a goal. WHAT a goal! It’s 4-2 to England. And there goes the whistle. It’s all over, and ENGLAND are the WORLD champions!”

Contents
Introduction 1. A Brief History of the World Cup
The Beginnings 1930 Host: Uruguay 1934 Host: Italy 1938 Host: France 1950 Host: Brazil 1954 Host: Switzerland 1958 Host: Sweden 1962 Host: Chile 1966 Host: England 1970 Host: Mexico 1974 Host: West Germany 1978 Host: Argentina 1982 Host: Spain 1986 Host: Mexico 1990 Host: Italy 1994 Host: United States 1998 Host: France 2002 Hosts: Japan/South Korea 2006 Host: Germany World Cup Goals 1930 to 2006 1

2. Teams to Look Out for This Year, Past Achievements, and Other World Cup Facts
Hosts Europe and South America The Big Four World Cup Winners World Cup Final Appearances Countries That Have Finished in the Top Four

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3. How England Can Win the World Cup Again 68
England Quarter-finals Now, to Win the World Cup Again! Entering Tournaments Attitude and Luck Refereeing Decisions The England Manager Weather Conditions and Altitude The Penalty Shoot-out Competition England’s Route to the Final This Time

4. The 2010 Tournament
Introduction England’s Matches Tournament Group Matches The Knock-out Stages Chart Knock-out Stages: Notes Awards

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5. Which is Your Second Choice Team?
Brazil A Traditional Team or an Underachiever The Celeste

113

6. An Alternative World Cup History (and How it Might Have Been)
Regrets English Regrets Alternative World Cup History

114

7. Play the Game at Home
Predictions Prediction Game Re-write History

119

Introduction
Football is the beautiful game! The style of football employed by a national team often epitomises and is influenced by the culture of that country. Brazilian football is flamboyant and exciting. The Germans play a workmanlike game being very efficient, and having a never-give-up spirit. Italy is usually rock solid in defence. Every four years the best of world football, and sometimes the worst of football, is paraded on the world stage at the World Cup. The sporting world’s number one event is an emotional affair. This is partly because only one team can be the outright winner, and also because other teams give and achieve and entertain so much, but mainly because football is emotional. So whichever team wins this year, one can bask in the brilliance of players from all teams, and applaud the positive approach employed by teams that make up what always turns out to be a colourful spectacle. Although it is essentially for England football fans, this book also celebrates the contributions made to World Cup history by other great teams such as Uruguay, Argentina, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Germany, Sweden, Brazil, Holland, and others. It provides a brief history of the World Cup from the early years leading up to the first tournament in 1930 and to each of the subsequent tournaments. It explains the format employed in each tournament, and lists facts and scores. The book takes a close look at which teams are most likely to win the 2010 tournament, and discusses what England’s chances of success are and why. The book also provides an easy-to-follow guide to this year’s tournament. Group details are provided as well as tables that can be updated as each match unfolds. There is also space for match reports, details, and statistics to be added as a permanent personal record. An easy-to-use knock-out stages chart is also provided, with a link from the group stage. Again, there is space for match reports, etc. You can also record your pre-tournament predictions.

Whether you are following England to South Africa, following England’s progress by way of media, or perhaps following another team, some very useful information is provided. The book can be carried with you wherever you go, used for quick reference while watching matches, or consulted when with friends. It is invaluable in keeping your personal tournament records up to date, enabling you to record events as they happen. It is a book that you can keep forever. In addition, if you have ever dreamt of re-writing World Cup history, here is your chance. By using the historical information provided in the book, you can do this. The book also provides one possible alternative World Cup history. It shows what might have happened had some decisions both on and off the field of play been different. Finally there is a game that you can play at home or during your lunch break. Details of this are explained towards the end of the book. Enjoy the book, and enjoy the World Cup!

A Brief History of the World Cup
The Beginnings

1

F

ootball as we know it, was first played in England. The FA Cup, the world’s oldest association football tournament began in 1871. The first ever recognised international match was held between Scotland and England in Glasgow on 30 November 1872. The match ended 0-0. It was a Dutch banker, C. Hirschman, who in the early twentieth century tried to persuade the English FA to guide and control the international game. He wanted the English FA to sponsor an international tournament, but the FA did not see any advantages of having an international body. Eventually the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) was founded in 1904 in Paris, but the FA did not send a representative to FIFA until 1906. Shortly after World War One, British teams withdrew from FIFA partly out of an unwillingness to play against countries they had been at war with. The British associations rejoined FIFA in 1924. The only world-wide international football competition was in the Olympic Games but was only for amateurs, yet many countries were adopting professionalism. Britain did not send a football team to the 1924 Paris Olympics because of the amateur question. The FA asked FIFA to accept its definition of amateurism, but FIFA refused, and Britain also withdrew its football team from the Amsterdam Olympics of 1928. Both the 1924 and the 1928 Olympic titles were won by Uruguay. In 1928 Britain withdrew from FIFA again, and did not re-join until 1946 when FIFA invited it to return. As a consequence, England missed the first three World Cup tournaments. 1

FIFA decided that a world football tournament outside the Olympics was needed; that many countries where professionalism was now recognised could no longer be represented by their best players without it. One of the men who encouraged FIFA member countries to vote for its own tournament was the Frenchman Jules Rimet. Eventually it was agreed that there would be a tournament and that it should take place in 1930. Uruguay was chosen as host and had agreed to pay all travel and accommodation expenses. So in 1930, although known as the FIFA World Championship, the first World Cup took place. It was nearly sixty years since that very first international match between Scotland and England had taken place, but both these countries would not be competing in Uruguay. 1930 Host: Uruguay (Winner: Uruguay) The very first World Cup tournament took place over a shorter period of time than we are used to now; just seventeen days. Conversely though, it took much longer for teams to travel to destinations than is now the case and consequently not all the best names in football were in attendance, and only four European teams participated. Lengthy boat journeys from Europe to the southern continent of America, and having to be away for nearly two months, was considered to be too much for most countries. Until just a couple of months before the tournament was due to begin, there had been no European entrants, and Belgium, France, Romania, and Yugoslavia decided very late on to send teams, three of the teams travelling on the same boat together. There had been no need for a qualifying tournament, and once all thirteen teams that had wanted to be in Uruguay were gathered there, the draw for the tournament took place. The teams were divided into four groups, the teams in each group being required to compete in a round-robin competition. The winner of each group would then progress to the semi-finals. Only three stadia were to be used throughout the tournament, and all of them were in the capital, Montevideo. On 13 July 1930, the first ever World Cup matches heralded the start of what has now become the world’s greatest sporting event. In the Pocitos stadium, France met Mexico. The honour of scoring 2

the very first World Cup goal went to Lucient Laurent of France, and his team went on to beat Mexico that day 4-1. Controversy erupts in most World Cup tournaments, and 1930 was no different. The Brazilian official for the France versus Argentina match blew for full-time six minutes early just as France was on the attack being 0-1 down. With Argentine supporters flooding on to the pitch, chaotic scenes followed as the referee realising his mistake brought the teams out again to conclude the remaining time. There was no further score. Four teams qualified for the semi-finals, and coincidently, both matches finished with exactly the same scores. Argentina beat the United States 6-1, and Uruguay beat Yugoslavia 6-1. There was no third / fourth play-off, but the United States took third place over Yugoslavia because of its superior results. So, the final would be competed between two of the seeded teams; Uruguay the hosts, and Argentina. The very first World Cup final took place on 30 July 1930 at the Centenario stadium, Montevideo. It was an emotional affair. An estimated thirty-thousand Argentines had crossed the River Plate into Uruguay hoping to see their team gain revenge for defeat to Uruguay in the Olympic football final two years earlier. The expectant fans saw Argentina win the toss for the right to use its type of match-ball during the first half, and by half-time Argentina was ahead 2-1. But in the second half, the Celeste fought back with two goals that put the home team in front. Then, as the match entered the last remaining minutes, Hector Castro, who had lost an arm in a boyhood accident, removed any doubt about the outcome of the match with a goal to make it Uruguay 4 Argentina 2. Jose Nasazzi became the first captain to lift the FIFA World Cup trophy which had been designed by Frenchman Abel Lafleur. It was Uruguay’s centenary year, and its football team was not only double Olympic champions, but also world champions, and a public holiday followed.

3

Group 1: Final Table Pld W D L F A Pts Argentina 3 3 0 0 10 4 6 Chile 3 2 0 1 5 3 4 France 3 1 0 2 4 3 2 Mexico 3 0 0 3 4 13 0 Group 2: Final Table Pld W D L F Yugoslavia 2 2 0 0 6 Brazil 2 1 0 1 5 Bolivia 2 0 0 2 0 Group 3: Final Table Pld W D L F Uruguay 2 2 0 0 5 Romania 2 1 0 1 3 Peru 2 0 0 2 1 Group 4: Final Table Pld W D L F United States 2 2 0 0 6 Paraguay 2 1 0 1 1 Belgium 2 0 0 2 0 Semi-finals Argentina 6 United States 1 Uruguay 6 Yugoslavia 1 Final Uruguay 4 Argentina 2 The leading goal-scorer in the 1930 tournament was Guillermo Stabile “El Filtrador” of Argentina with 8 goals. Despite losing in the final, Argentina scored the most goals with 18. A total of 70 goals were scored at the tournament, an average of 3.89 per match. Both Bolivia and Belgium failed to score, and the unfortunate Belgian team had to travel all the way back to Europe having lost 4 A 1 2 8 A 0 5 4 A 0 3 4 Pts 4 2 0 Pts 4 2 0 Pts 4 2 0

both its matches, but at least it competed! Interestingly, the tournament saw no draws in any of its eighteen matches.

5

Teams to Look Out for This Year, Past Achievements, and Other World Cup Facts
Hosts

2

T

he World Cup finals have been held in Mexico, Italy, France, and Germany all on two occasions. It is due to be held in Brazil for a second time in 2014. England is bidding to host its second World Cup in 2018 or 2022, and FIFA will make a decision on the venue for these two tournaments in December 2010. No country has hosted the World Cup more than twice. The other countries that have hosted the World Cup finals are Uruguay, Switzerland, Sweden, Chile, Argentina, Spain, USA, and Japan/South Korea. This year it is the turn of South Africa to be host. Europe and South America No team from outside Europe and South America has ever reached the World Cup final. This reflects the dominance of those two continents in international football. In addition, on only two occasions has a team outside Europe and South America reached the last four of a World Cup tournament. The United States finished third in 1930 and South Korea finished fourth in 2002. The Big Four At least one of the big four teams in World Cup history, generally always threatens to win the World Cup. The big four teams of World Cup history are undoubtedly Brazil, Italy, Germany and Argentina which between them have notched up fourteen World 59

Cup wins from only eighteen tournaments. The big four have appeared twenty-four times in a World Cup final (including Brazil’s final game in 1950). At least one of the big four has appeared in every World Cup final, and since 1966 only two other countries, (the Netherlands and France,) has appeared in a final. Despite this dominance of the final by the big four, it is interesting and perhaps a little surprising to note that the World Cup final has only ever been repeated twice; that is, with the same two teams playing. The 1990 final was a repeat of the 1986 final between West Germany and Argentina. The 1994 final between Brazil and Italy was a repeat of the 1970 final. World Cup Winners To win the World Cup, a country must first enter a team. Brazil, with the best record of all in terms of World Cup wins, is the only country to have participated in all eighteen World Cup tournaments. Brazil will begin its nineteenth campaign in South Africa as one of the favourites. Only seven countries have ever won the World Cup. All seven are either European or South American. The seven are, in alphabetical order, Argentina, Brazil, England, France, Germany, Italy, and Uruguay. Although Spain and the Netherlands have never won the World Cup, they remain two of the great underachievers, and have teams that could win this time. Generally, the World Cup tends not to throw up an upset in terms of the overall winner, and therefore it is likely that one of these nine will win the World Cup in South Africa, the outsiders of this group of nine being Uruguay. The past record of these nine countries from 1966 to 2006 is given below, and spaces have been left for you to complete 2010.

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Home-soil Finalists 1930 Uruguay won 1934 Italy won 1950 Brazil (lost in the final match) 1958 Sweden (lost in the final) 1966 England won 1974 West Germany won 1978 Argentina won 1998 France won

West Germany / Germany has also been a dominant country in World Cup history. Since the Second World War every World Cup final except for two, has involved either Germany, or Brazil, or both as was the case in 2002. Neither of the two appeared in the 1978 final or the 2006 final, and their meeting in the 2002 final was the first time the two countries had ever met in the World Cup. Prior to the Second World War, neither country appeared in any final. It is perhaps not surprising that both Germany and Brazil have played the most World Cup matches; ninety-two each. Brazil has scored the most goals; 201 although Germany is not far behind with 190. It would not be a surprise if one of these teams featured in the 2010 final.
Brazil or Germany Tends to Reach the World Cup Final 1950 Brazil 1-2 Uruguay * 1954 West Germany 3-2 Hungary 1958 Brazil 5-2 Sweden 1962 Brazil 3-1 Czechoslovakia 1966 England 4-2 West Germany 1970 Brazil 4-1 Italy 1974 West Germany 2-1 Holland 1978 – 1982 Italy 3-1 West Germany 1986 Argentina 3-2 West Germany 1990 West Germany 1-0 Argentina 1994 Brazil 0-0 Italy 1998 France 3-0 Brazil 2002 Brazil 2-0 Germany 2006 –

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3
How England Can Win the World Cup Again
England

O

f course, England’s glory year was 1966. Geoff Hurst was one of the heroes and remains the only player ever to score a hat-trick in a World Cup final. He scored three of the four goals that helped England beat West Germany. So far though, England can only be considered as one of the middleweights of World Cup history and it would take more than success in 2010 to change that. If England can find the net more often especially in the more important matches, regularly reach the last four of tournaments, and perhaps win the World Cup in 2010 and again in 2018 on home soil, then it could be considered one of the “big four” or “big five” of the football world. England has to dish up the fabulous football it is capable of doing but in all situations and against all teams, if it is to succeed.

Quarter-finals Since England first entered the World Cup in 1950, England has usually gone out of World Cup tournaments at the quarter-finals stage. In addition, it has usually gone out to a previous World Cup winning country, (Germany three times, Argentina twice, Brazil twice, and Uruguay once.) The other countries responsible for England’s exit are as follows. In 1950 Spain beat England to reach the final pool, and in 1958 it was the Soviet Union that beat England in a play-off match. And of course, most of us remember the Portuguese in 2006. England’s exit at the quarter-finals stage in seven of its twelve campaigns is listed below. 68

The England Manager England managers have been heavily criticised in the past. Some have suggested that Brian Clough was one of the greatest England managers that never managed England; that had he been selected, he would have taken England on to glory as he did his club teams. Another that was never given the opportunity to manage England was Jack Charlton. He was a World Cup winner with England in 1966 and proved that he could well manage a World Cup team with the Republic of Ireland in 1990. His team finally bowed out of the tournament that year in the quarter-finals to Italy, but not before putting the host under pressure and playing the sort of football that the Italians were not used to. The Irish lost, but only to a single Schillaci goal. Perhaps now, England has a manager that will be able to bring all the right ingredients to the squad in time for the World Cup this year. Perhaps in Fabio Capello, England has the manager that will help the team go on to success in 2010 and beyond. He has generated a winning mentality, commands great respect, and is a great disciplinarian. His attention to detail is to be applauded and his fearlessness is one important ingredient that might just help to generate a bright new future for England. Weather Conditions and Altitude Weather conditions and altitude problems have also been used as reasons for England’s lack of success in the past, but South Africa’s winter, should suit the England players and their style of football. The first two matches are evening kick-off times which will also help. The team will be based, and will have trained, at altitude in Rustenburg. This will greatly assist. If England was to win Group C, it would be an advantage. All remaining matches would be in the evening. One would be in Rustenburg, and two in Johannesburg only seventy miles from the England base. Should England finish second in Group C, there would be two afternoon matches and longer journeys to contend with en route to the final. Details of England’s group matches, and 72

possible knock-out stage matches are listed in this book in the section covering the 2010 tournament. The associated table in that section lists the matches, dates, venues, average temperatures, altitude, and distance from the team base in Rustenburg. Whatever course England takes in this year’s tournament, the team will be able to play a fast game and get into attacking positions. Opposing players will be closed down quickly, and England will be quick on the break. But there is another aspect of the game that England must concentrate on.

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The 2010 Tournament
Introduction

4

T

his year’s tournament kicks off on 11 June and concludes on 11 July. As it unfolds, you will be able to keep your own upto-date record of events on the pages that follow. In addition, this section of the book provides details of groups, matches, dates, times, the knock-out stages, and more. England’s Matches Of particular interest to England fans are England’s matches. The table below provides details of England’s group matches, and possible knock-out stage matches. It lists dates, match times (afternoon or evening), venues, average temperatures and relative humidity in June / July, altitude, and distance from the team base in Rustenburg. The first three rows in the table provide details of the three group matches against the United States, Algeria, and Slovenia. The next four rows in the table provide details of England’s matches should England win Group C. In this case, all remaining matches would be in the evening, one would be in Rustenburg, and two in Johannesburg only seventy miles from the England base. The last four rows in the table provide details of England’s matches should England finish second in Group C. There would be two afternoon matches and longer journeys to contend with en route to the final.

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Tournament Group Matches For the wider picture, the four teams, and the six scheduled matches, in each group, A to H, are listed below. The kick-off times provided for all the group matches and knock-out stage matches are given in British Summer Time (BST) which is one hour behind South Africa Standard Time (SAST). So a kick-off time in South Africa of 8.30 pm would be 7.30 pm in England. As each match is played, there is space for you to add any information you wish. You might list the players, goal-scorers and times, number of attempts on goal, corners, fouls, yellow and red cards, and you might want to make a note of any major incidents. Add the final score, and if you wish to, write up your own match report. Attendances can also be added. Then you can fill in the group tables. A fresh table is provided for you to complete after each match, and a final table can be completed following the last two matches in each group. The positions of teams in groups are determined in the usual manner. Points are the first determinant followed by goal difference and then by the number of goals scored. For any teams that are still level, positions are determined by points accumulated, goal difference achieved, and goals scored, in matches between the teams that are still level. As the group stage unfolds, and as discussions arise about which teams need to do what to qualify, you might wish to consider the following guide. The guide applies to round-robin groups of four teams with a total of six matches to be played in the group, and with only the top two teams qualifying.
Guide to Calculating Which Teams Need to do What to Qualify In some instances, if a team wins its first two games in a group it might not necessarily finish in one of the top two qualifying positions. However, two wins are always sufficient if any other match in the group is a draw.

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GROUP G Brazil North Korea

Ivory Coast Portugal

Ivory Coast v Portugal Match Report

(15 June 3 pm)

Table After One Match Team Pld W D L F A GD Pts

Brazil v North Korea Match Report

(15 June 7.30 pm)

Table After Two Matches Team Pld W D L F A GD Pts 1 1 1 1 (20 June 7.30 pm)

Brazil v Ivory Coast Match Report

Table After Three Matches Team Pld W D L F A GD Pts

95

Portugal v North Korea (21 June 12.30 pm) Match Report Table After Four Matches Team Pld W D L F A GD Pts 2 2 2 2 Portugal v Brazil (25 June 3 pm) Match Report

North Korea v Ivory Coast (25 June 3 pm) Match Report

Group G: Final Table (After All Six Matches) Sixteen Teams Qualify for the Team Pld W D L F A GD Pts Second Round (Teams 1-16) Team 13 3 Team 14 3 3 3

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6
An Alternative World Cup History
(and How it Might Have Been)

T

housands of incidents and decisions over the years have all made World Cup history what it is. Nothing can alter what in reality has already happened, but if you could re-run the last eighteen tournaments again and make some alterations, what would they be? How might World Cup history read today if you could re-write it? Regrets This World Cup Companion book is essentially for England fans, but if you are Italian for example, you might also suggest a few alterations to history. If Italy had only been better prepared for the penalty shoot-out competition against Brazil in the 1994 final, Italy and not Brazil might now lead the World Cup winner rankings with five World Cup wins. Had Uruguay entered the 1934 tournament to defend its title, it might have won, and with its World Cup triumph in 1950, Uruguay would have had three World Cup victories twenty years before arch rivals Brazil achieved it. Many Uruguayans have looked back with regret. Brazil has little to regret. Nevertheless, it would have been useless saying that to the Brazil fans of 1950 following defeat to Uruguay. Germany too has little to regret, but for all those appearances in the final that could not be converted into World Cup wins. The Netherlands was the team of the 1970’s but lost in the 1974 World Cup final to hosts West Germany, and then in the 1978 final 114

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