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Bello, Geleni Shalaine P.

2014-24685
MetE 11 TYZ
Stone Age

Stonehenge may have been burial site for Stone Age elite, say archaeologists
Theories of what Stonehenge was include a temple, observatory, calendar, a site for fairs or ritual feasting, or a centre
for healing. Photograph: Eyebyte/Alamy [1]

Upper Paleolithic Magdalenian Blade

This artifact was discovered in the at the site of La Madeleine, the name sake of the Magdalenian period, located in the
Vzre valley, Dept. Dordogne. [2]

Neolithic arrowhead found in the Algerian desert.


Made of a black fine grain chert. [2]

Bronze Age

Bronze Mirror With Ivory Handle

(Credit: University of Cincinnati, Pylos Excavations) [3]

Bronze weapons

(Credit: University of Cincinnati, Pylos Excavations) [3]

Bronze Age Helmet [4]


Iron Age
Its Discovery
Iron Age started when the best tools were found to become more versatile when added
by carbon which started an era of steel. [5] Alloys with less carbon than this, such as wrought
iron, cannot be heat treated to a significant degree and will consequently be of low hardness,
while higher carbon content creates an extremely hard but brittle material that cannot be
annealed, tempered, or otherwise softened.
Unlike bronze which is poured, iron is molded by repeatedly heating and hammering
against an anvil, a process known as smithing. It is also much harder than bronze and keeps a
cutting edge for longer.[6]

Iron Age artifacts of a hoard from Kumna. [7]

The model gold boat with its mast, rowing benches, oars, and other fittings was an appropriate offering to
the sea god Manannn mac Lir who was associated with Lough Foyle where the hoard was recovered. [8]

Wegdes in iron age [9]


References:
[1] Kennedy, M. Stonehenge may have been burial site for Stone Age elite, say archaeologists
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/mar/09/archaeology-stonehenge-bones-burialground (accessed Feb 1, 2016).
[2] Stoneageartifacts.com,. Paleolithic, Mousterian, and Neolithic stone age tools - Knives and
Blades - Stone Age Tools for Sale http://www.stoneageartifacts.com/html/Artifact-KnivesBlades.html (accessed Feb 1, 2016).
[3] Mental Floss,. Archaeologists Discover 1400 Artifacts In Bronze Age Warriors Tomb
http://mentalfloss.com/article/70420/archaeologists-discover-1400-artifacts-bronze-agewarriors-tomb (accessed Feb 1, 2016).
[4] Crabben, J.; Cartwright, M.; Pelgrift, H.; Cartwright, M.; Cartwright, M.; Cartwright, M.;
Pelgrift, H.; Cartwright, M.; Cartwright, M. Bronze Age http://www.ancient.eu/Bronze_Age/
(accessed Feb 1, 2016).
[5] Everything.explained.today,. Iron Age Explained
http://everything.explained.today/Iron_Age/ (accessed Feb 1, 2016).
[6] History.parkfieldict.co.uk,. When was the Iron Age? - Children's British History Encyclopedia
http://history.parkfieldict.co.uk/ironage/the-iron-age (accessed Feb 1, 2016).
[7] Erwin.bernhardt.net.nz,. Estonia facts and history in brief
http://erwin.bernhardt.net.nz/europe/estoniafacts.html (accessed Feb 1, 2016).

[8] Dailykos.com,. https://www.dailykos.com/stories/1416122/full_content (accessed Feb 1,


2016).
[9] web, I.; Muhlberger, S. Muhlberger's World History: Iron age technology on the web
http://smuhlberger.blogspot.com/2008/07/iron-age-technology-on-web.htm (accessed Feb 1,
2016).