Will Malson

Liberty Affirmative (Speech)

Page 1 of 3

Liberty Affirmative
The early Americans who founded this country understood the nature of man very well. These men understood with perfect clarity that government and freedom are potential opposites. Liberty is required to fully maximize man's happiness and creative potential; yet, liberty, being a fragile state, cannot exist in anarchy. Government, on the other hand, must include men; and men, being of ambition, will always push for more power and more control over the lives of their fellow men. The ideal of America's Founding Fathers was a government whose function was to protect and defend the liberty of its citizens. Such a government would be unlike any other in history. But how would a government based upon the protection of individual freedom withstand the perpetual assaults by men of ambition? How will Liberty survive? Simple – by placing checks and balances in the hands of competing branches of government, in the hands of the states, and in the hands of the people. It is only through competition that we can exist in a state of Liberty, which is why I stand Resolved: That competition is superior to cooperation as a means of achieving excellence. I'll jump right into my Value, and that is Liberty. It is my position that Liberty is the most important value in this debate round, and I'll show you exactly why later on in my speech. But first, some definitions: Competition: “The act of seeking, or endeavoring to gain, what another is endeavoring to gain, at the same time” (Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary) Cooperation: “The act of working, or operating together, to one end; joint operation;” (Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary) Excellence: "The quality of excelling; possessing good qualities in high degree" (Princeton's WordNet Dictionary 3.0) Oppressive: unjustly inflicting hardship and constraint, especially on a minority or other subordinate group. (Oxford American Dictionaries) What I'll do now is show you why liberty is the excellence that the resolution states, and how competition is superior to cooperation as a means of achieving liberty. To do this, I'll bring up two main points called "contentions".

Will Malson

Liberty Affirmative (Speech)

Page 2 of 3

Contention 1: Liberty is the most important value in this debate round.
There is no one reason why liberty is important. We have to break it down into groups and explain each one individually. Under this contention, I have two reasons why liberty is the most important value. Reason A: Liberty is married to the concept of personal responsibility. Rather than being forced to do things, those who truly understand the concept of liberty understand that free people MUST serve themselves, their families and their communities by working diligently to do right, act proper, go in peace and seek rational solutions to life’s problems. In order to have personal responsibility, we must have Liberty. Without such Liberty, life becomes a process of regression where each individual tries to get as much as he can for as little as he can, expecting handouts and constant charity. When Liberty is introduced into the system, instantly the ideals of self-preservation and voluntary charity begin to blossom. Reason B: Liberty prevents tyranny. Power relations are everywhere - they are exercised in myriad ways throughout the social field. As soon as there's a relation of power there's a possibility of resistance. “When governments fear people, there is liberty. When the people fear the government, there is tyranny.” – Thomas Jefferson. The most important manifestation of Liberty is in its potential for resistance of tyrannical impositions on one's way of life. With Liberty, we are never trapped by power; it's always possibly to modify its hold, in determined conditions and following a precise strategy.

Will Malson

Liberty Affirmative (Speech)

Page 3 of 3

Contention 2: Competition, Cooperation, and Liberty.
How does competition uphold liberty, and how does cooperation prevent it? Let’s break it down into three sub-points and analyze it. Point A: What is liberty? We’ve been talking a lot about why Liberty is important, but we need to put an absolute label on the subject: Liberty is the state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one’s way of life, behavior, or political views. Point B: Cooperation hinders liberty. Let’s take a look back at the definition of cooperation: the act of cooperating in order to achieve a goal. Now take a look at the definition of liberty: the state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions. Cooperation would say that we should go along with these restrictions in order to achieve a common goal, whether that goal is peace or security. In that sense, cooperation hinders liberty. Point C: Competition upholds liberty. In order to be free, or possess any distinct sense of individual liberty, we must resist oppressive restrictions on our way of life. That act of resistance, as shown before, is inherently competitive – that is one of the reasons why Liberty is most important, and why competition directly and undoubtedly upholds liberty. This philosophy of Liberty is as solid as oak and is at the core of all greatness that America ever achieved. This distinctive concept of liberty is a great strength. But it is also fragile, for it is rooted in ideas. To break the transmission of those ideas requires only a single generation of inattentiveness, under the constant fire of what Abraham Lincoln called “the silent artillery of time.” In order to remain attentive, in order to secure the blessings of Liberty to ourselves and to our Posterity, we must affirm that competition is superior to cooperation as a means of achieving excellence.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful