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H2 Mathematics 9740

2008 JC 2 PRELIM PAPER 1 Solutions

1

1

2 x

1

2 x 3x 2 1

3 x

1 3x

1

2

1

1

1

1 2

2

2

2x x 1

3 x

3

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

x

1

6 x 24 x 2

3

1

1

13 21 3 23

2

x x x

6

8

3

range of validity: x

1

1

or x

3

3

1

will result in the sq rt of a negative

3

1

number, reject x .

3

1

range of validity: x .

3

no. of terms in the sum: n 2

n2 1

1

sum =

m 1 d m n d

2 2

2

n2

1 2m n 1 d

=

2

Method 1

x

2

x cos 2x 1

1 dx

e cos x 1 dx e

2

1 e x cos 2x e x dx

2

dv

I e x cos 2x dx

u1 e x, 1 cos 2x

dx

du1

1 e x sin 2x 1 e x sin 2x dx

e x, v1 1 sin 2x

2

2

dx

2

dv

1 e x sin 2x 1 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x cos 2x dx

u2 e x, 2 sin 2x

2

2 2

2

dx

du2

1 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x 1 I

e x, v2 1 cos 2x

2

4

4

dx

2

5 I 1 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x

4

2

4

I 2 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x

5

5

but since x

Thus,

x

2

e cos x 1

dx 1 2 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x C

2 5

5

2

1 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x C

5

10

2

Method 2

x

2

e cos x 1

dx e x cos 2 x dx e x dx

dv1

e x, u1 cos 2 x

dx

du

v1 e x, 1 sin 2x

dx

dv

e x cos 2 x e x sin 2x dx

u2 e x, 2 sin 2x

dx

du2

e x, v2 1 cos 2x

dx

2

dv

e x cos 2 x 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x cos 2x dx

u3 e x, 3 cos 2x

2

2

dx

du3

e x, v3 1 sin 2x

dx

2

e x cos 2 x 1 e x cos 2x 1 1 e x sin 2x 1 e x sin 2x dx

2

2 2

2

e x cos 2 x 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x sin 2x 1 e x sin 2x dx

2

2

4

cos 2 x dx

Let I e x sin 2x dx

Then,

e x cos 2 x I e x cos 2 x 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x sin 2x 1 I

2

2

4

5 I 1 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x

4

4

2

I 1 e x sin 2x 2 e x cos 2x

5

5

x

2

x

x

x

Thus, e cos x 1 dx 1 e sin 2x 2 e cos 2x e C

5

5

5 5

5

x : 10, , , ,K

2 8 32

5 5

5

y : 5, , , ,K

4 16 64

1

4

1

y: GP with a 5 and r

4

10

5

x : S

8

y : S

4

1

1

,

1

1

4

4

the ant will eventually end up at 8, 4 .

x: GP with a 10 and r

ALTERNATIVE:

For x 2 0 x 2 ,

For x 2 0 x 2 ,

x( x 2) 1

x2 2 x 1 0

( x 1) 2 2 0

( x 1 2)( x 1 2) 0

x 1 2 (N.A.) or x 1 2

x(2 x) 1

x2 2 x 1 0

( x 1) 2 0

Hence, x 1 2, x 1

( x 1) x 1 1

OTHERWISE

Let u = x + 1, u u 2 1

B1

B1

u x 1 1 2 x 2,

u x 1 1 x 0

B2

sketch of y ( x 1) x 1 1

6

hence, x 2, x 0

y ln(sin )

dy cos

d sin

x ln(cos ),

dx

sin

d

cos

dy cos cos

dx sin sin

cos 2

sin 2

,

4

dy

1

dx

1

y ln

2 1

1

x ln

2

when

If this tangent meets the curve again,

ln(sin ) ln(cos ) ln 2

ln(sin 2 ) 0

sin 2 1

0

2

4

2

The tangent will not meet the curve again as there is only one solution in

range 0

i.e. .

2

4

d k 20

dt

d

20 k dt

ln 20 kt C

Method 1

Given: when t t

1, 60 A

When t t

1+10, 45 B

From : ln 40 kt1 C , ln 25 kt1 10k C

ln 25 10k

40

k 1 ln 5

10 8

t

Also given: t2, ?

t t2+20, 45 C

From & : ln 20 1 ln 5 t2 C1 ,

10 8

ln 25 1 ln 5 t2 20 1 ln 5 C1

10 8

10 8

ln 25 2 ln 5 [Modulus can be removed as initial

20

8

20 0 .]

25 20 84

2

C

5

8

Method 2

Given: t 0, 60 A

t 10, 45 B

From : ln 40 C , ln 25 10k C

ln 25 10k

40

k 1 ln 5

10 8

Also given: t 0, ?

t 20, 45 C

From & : ln 20 1 ln 5 t2 C1 ,

10 8

ln 25 20 1 ln 5 C1

10 8

ln 25 2 ln 5

20

8

25 5

20 8

20 0 .]

2

25 20 84

2

C

5

8

a 6,

b 1

1

3

Axial intersection : (0,1) , (1/6,0)

Asymptotes y 2,

1

3

Axial intersection : (0,1) , (0,-1)

Asymptotes y 2,

6x 1

1

2

3x 1

3x 1

II : A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units

III: A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis

OR

I : A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis

II : A translation of 1 unit in direction of the positive x axis

III : A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units

OR

I : A translation of 1 unit in direction of the positive x axis

II : A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis

III: A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units

OR

I : A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units

II : A translation of 13 unit in direction of the positive x axis

III: A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis

OR

I : A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units

II : A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis

III: A translation of 13 unit in direction of the positive x axis

OR

I : A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis

II: A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units

III :A translation of 13 unit in direction of the positive x axis

dy

1

.

y sin 1 x dx

1 x2

dy

1 x2

1

dx

diff. w.r.t x,

1 x2

d 2 y dy

2 x

0

dx 2 dx 2 1 x 2

d2y

dy

x

0

2

dx

dx

diff. w.r.t x,

1 x2

1 x

2

d 2 y dy

d3y d2y

2 x x 2 0

dx

dx3 dx 2

dx

d3y

d 2 y dy

1 x

3x 2

0

dx

dx3

dx

diff. w.r.t x,

(QED)

d4y

d3y

d2y

1 x

5x 3 4 2 0

dx 4

dx

dx

diff. w.r.t x,

1 x2

d5y

d4y

d3y

7

x

9

0

dx5

dx 4

dx3

f (0) 0,

y x

1

1 x

f '(0) 1,

f ''(0) 0,

f '''(0) 1,

f ''''(0) 0,

x3 3x 5

...

6 40

d

sin 1 x

dx

d

x3 3x5

x

...

dx

6 40

x 2 3x 4

...

2

8

2

Using x

1

,

2

1

3

2

1

2

1

3

2

1

2

256

147

2

8

2

8

...

...

f '''''(0) 9

1

10

2

2

Area

0 4 x 1 4x dx

(a)

dx 1 cos

d 2

0 ; x 1 , .

4

6

Let x 1 sin

2

When x 0,

Substituting,

Area

4

2

1 6 sin 2 cos 2 d

8 0

1 6 sin 2 2 d

32 0

1 6 1 cos 4 d

64 0

1 1 sin 4

64

4

1 3

64 6 8

10

(b)

1 x

y e

6

1 x

e

6

y 2 x ln x

A

y 2 x ln x

two curves are 1.36759, 0.65435 and 1.87156, 1.08307 .

1.87156

Volume

1.36759

11

x ln x 1 e x

6

dx 0.0766 (3 s.f.)

arg(iz 2) 23

arg[i ( z 2i )] 23

arg i arg( z 2i ) 23

arg( z 2i ) 23 6 6

N

P(0, 2)

Q(3, 1)

5

NPQ

4 6

12

PQ 32 32 3 2

NQ

sin 512

NQ 4.10 (3 sig fig)

3 2

m 4.10, m 3 2

12 Asymptotes y x a,

(i)

(ii)

x2

dy

4a 2

1

dx

x 2 2

For stationary points,

0 1

dy

0

dx

4a 2

x 2 2

x 2 2a

when x 2 2a, y 2 5a

when x 2 2a, y 2 3a

(iii)

13

2 k i

3 ,

w3 1 w e

k 1, 0, 1

( z i )3 ( z i )3 0

( z i )3 ( z i )3 ( 1)3 ( z i )3

3

z i

1

z i

2 k

z i

e 3 i

z i

z

i (1 e

2 k

3

2 k

3

1 e

i (1 cos 2 k3 i sin 2 k3 )

1 cos 2 k3 i sin 2 k3

2sin k3

2 cos k3

tan k3

cos k3 i sin k3

cos k3 i sin k3

ALTERNATIVE:

z

i (1 e

2 k

3

2 k

3

1 e 2 k

k

i (1 e 3 i ) e 3 i

. k

2 k

1 ek 3 i k e 3 i

i ( e 3 i e 3 i )

k

k

e 3 i e 3 i

i (2i sin k3 )

2 cos k3

tan k3

( z i )3 ( z i )3 0

z 3 3z 2i 3 z i z 3 3z 2i 3zi 2 i 0

z z 2 3 0

3

2 z 3z 0

z 0, 3

Since z tan

is negative tan 3 .

3

3

14(i)

1 1

2

3 .

1 2

R BOC cos 1 107.5o. (1 d.p)

11 9

1 uuur uuur

(ii) Area of OBC OB OC sin 107.5o

2

1

11 81sin 107.5o

2

14.2 units 2

2 2t

r

(iii) uuu

CP 1 4t

3 4t

1 2t

7 4t

3 4t

Since,

uuu

r

uuu

r CB

CP. uuu

r 110

CB

1 2t

7 4t .

3 4t

110

2

9

110

2

uuu

r

CB 9

5

60t 80 110 or

60t 80 110

1

1

t

or 3

( 3.17)

2

6

(iv)

(v)

1

1

uuu

r

uuur

PA 2t 2

AB 2

2

2

uuu

r

uuur

Since PA 2t AB , hence, P, A and B are collinear for all values of t.

uuu

r

uuu

r

uuu

r 1 uuu

r

1 PA ]

[OR PB 1 2t AB , OR PB

2t

uuur uuu

r

OBC and OPC share the same base of OC. Since OC // BP , OBC

and OPC also has the same perpendicular height.

Area of OPC = Area of OBC 14.2 units 2 .

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