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Anglo-Chinese Junior College

H2 Mathematics 9740
2008 JC 2 PRELIM PAPER 1 Solutions
1

1
2 x
1

2 x 3x 2 1
3 x
1 3x

1
2

1
1

1
1 2
2
2

2x x 1
3 x
3

1
1

1
1
1
2
2

2
x

1
6 x 24 x 2
3

1
1
13 21 3 23
2

x x x
6
8
3

range of validity: x

1
1
or x
3
3

1
will result in the sq rt of a negative
3
1
number, reject x .
3
1
range of validity: x .
3
no. of terms in the sum: n 2
n2 1
1


sum =
m 1 d m n d

2 2
2


n2
1 2m n 1 d
=
2
Method 1
x
2
x cos 2x 1
1 dx
e cos x 1 dx e
2
1 e x cos 2x e x dx
2
dv
I e x cos 2x dx
u1 e x, 1 cos 2x
dx
du1
1 e x sin 2x 1 e x sin 2x dx
e x, v1 1 sin 2x
2
2
dx
2
dv
1 e x sin 2x 1 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x cos 2x dx
u2 e x, 2 sin 2x
2
2 2
2
dx
du2
1 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x 1 I
e x, v2 1 cos 2x
2
4
4
dx
2
5 I 1 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x
4
2
4
I 2 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x
5
5
but since x

Thus,

x
2
e cos x 1

dx 1 2 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x C
2 5
5
2

1 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x C
5
10
2

Method 2

x
2
e cos x 1

dx e x cos 2 x dx e x dx

dv1
e x, u1 cos 2 x
dx
du
v1 e x, 1 sin 2x
dx
dv
e x cos 2 x e x sin 2x dx
u2 e x, 2 sin 2x
dx
du2
e x, v2 1 cos 2x
dx
2
dv
e x cos 2 x 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x cos 2x dx
u3 e x, 3 cos 2x
2
2
dx
du3
e x, v3 1 sin 2x
dx
2
e x cos 2 x 1 e x cos 2x 1 1 e x sin 2x 1 e x sin 2x dx
2
2 2
2
e x cos 2 x 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x sin 2x 1 e x sin 2x dx
2
2
4

cos 2 x dx

Let I e x sin 2x dx
Then,
e x cos 2 x I e x cos 2 x 1 e x cos 2x 1 e x sin 2x 1 I
2
2
4
5 I 1 e x sin 2x 1 e x cos 2x
4
4
2
I 1 e x sin 2x 2 e x cos 2x
5
5

x
2
x
x
x
Thus, e cos x 1 dx 1 e sin 2x 2 e cos 2x e C
5
5
5 5
5
x : 10, , , ,K
2 8 32
5 5
5
y : 5, , , ,K
4 16 64

1
4
1
y: GP with a 5 and r
4
10
5
x : S
8
y : S
4
1
1
,
1
1
4
4
the ant will eventually end up at 8, 4 .
x: GP with a 10 and r

ALTERNATIVE:
For x 2 0 x 2 ,

For x 2 0 x 2 ,
x( x 2) 1
x2 2 x 1 0
( x 1) 2 2 0
( x 1 2)( x 1 2) 0
x 1 2 (N.A.) or x 1 2

x(2 x) 1
x2 2 x 1 0
( x 1) 2 0

No real solution except x = 1

Hence, x 1 2, x 1
( x 1) x 1 1

OTHERWISE

Let u = x + 1, u u 2 1
B1
B1
u x 1 1 2 x 2,
u x 1 1 x 0
B2
sketch of y ( x 1) x 1 1
6

hence, x 2, x 0
y ln(sin )
dy cos

d sin

x ln(cos ),
dx
sin

d
cos
dy cos cos

dx sin sin

cos 2
sin 2

,
4

dy
1
dx
1
y ln
2 1

1
x ln
2

when

The equation of tangent is y x ln 2 .


If this tangent meets the curve again,
ln(sin ) ln(cos ) ln 2
ln(sin 2 ) 0
sin 2 1


0
2
4
2

The tangent will not meet the curve again as there is only one solution in

range 0
i.e. .
2
4

By Newtons Law of Cooling,


d k 20
dt
d
20 k dt
ln 20 kt C
Method 1
Given: when t t
1, 60 A
When t t
1+10, 45 B
From : ln 40 kt1 C , ln 25 kt1 10k C
ln 25 10k

40
k 1 ln 5

10 8
t
Also given: t2, ?
t t2+20, 45 C
From & : ln 20 1 ln 5 t2 C1 ,
10 8
ln 25 1 ln 5 t2 20 1 ln 5 C1
10 8
10 8
ln 25 2 ln 5 [Modulus can be removed as initial

20
8

temperature is higher than 45C, hence


20 0 .]

25 20 84
2
C
5
8

Method 2
Given: t 0, 60 A
t 10, 45 B
From : ln 40 C , ln 25 10k C
ln 25 10k

40
k 1 ln 5

10 8
Also given: t 0, ?
t 20, 45 C
From & : ln 20 1 ln 5 t2 C1 ,
10 8

ln 25 20 1 ln 5 C1
10 8
ln 25 2 ln 5
20
8

25 5
20 8

temperature is higher than 45C, hence


20 0 .]
2

25 20 84
2
C
5
8

[Modulus can be removed as initial

a 6,

b 1

1
3
Axial intersection : (0,1) , (1/6,0)
Asymptotes y 2,

1
3
Axial intersection : (0,1) , (0,-1)
Asymptotes y 2,

6x 1
1
2
3x 1
3x 1

I : A translation of 1 unit in direction of the positive x axis


II : A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units
III: A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis
OR
I : A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis
II : A translation of 1 unit in direction of the positive x axis
III : A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units
OR
I : A translation of 1 unit in direction of the positive x axis
II : A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis
III: A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units
OR
I : A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units
II : A translation of 13 unit in direction of the positive x axis
III: A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis
OR
I : A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units
II : A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis
III: A translation of 13 unit in direction of the positive x axis
OR
I : A translation of 2 unit in direction of the positive y axis
II: A scaling parallel to the x axis with scale factor 13 units
III :A translation of 13 unit in direction of the positive x axis

dy
1
.
y sin 1 x dx
1 x2
dy
1 x2
1
dx
diff. w.r.t x,
1 x2

d 2 y dy
2 x

0
dx 2 dx 2 1 x 2

d2y
dy
x
0
2
dx
dx
diff. w.r.t x,

1 x2

1 x
2

d 2 y dy
d3y d2y

2 x x 2 0
dx
dx3 dx 2
dx

d3y
d 2 y dy
1 x
3x 2
0
dx
dx3
dx
diff. w.r.t x,

(QED)

d4y
d3y
d2y
1 x
5x 3 4 2 0
dx 4
dx
dx
diff. w.r.t x,

1 x2

d5y
d4y
d3y

7
x

9
0
dx5
dx 4
dx3

f (0) 0,

y x
1
1 x

f '(0) 1,

f ''(0) 0,

f '''(0) 1,

f ''''(0) 0,

x3 3x 5

...
6 40

d
sin 1 x
dx

d
x3 3x5
x
...

dx
6 40

x 2 3x 4

...
2
8
2

Using x

1
,
2

1

3

2

1

2

1

3

2

1

2

256
147

2
8

2
8

...

...

f '''''(0) 9

1
10
2
2
Area

0 4 x 1 4x dx
(a)

dx 1 cos
d 2
0 ; x 1 , .
4
6

Let x 1 sin
2
When x 0,
Substituting,

Area

1 sin 2 1 sin 2 1 cos d


4
2

1 6 sin 2 cos 2 d
8 0

1 6 sin 2 2 d
32 0

1 6 1 cos 4 d
64 0

1 1 sin 4
64
4

1 3
64 6 8
10
(b)

1 x
y e
6

1 x
e
6

y 2 x ln x

A
y 2 x ln x

From G.C., approximate coordinates of the points of intersection of the


two curves are 1.36759, 0.65435 and 1.87156, 1.08307 .
1.87156

Volume

1.36759

11

x ln x 1 e x
6

dx 0.0766 (3 s.f.)

arg(iz 2) 23
arg[i ( z 2i )] 23
arg i arg( z 2i ) 23
arg( z 2i ) 23 6 6

N
P(0, 2)

Q(3, 1)

5
NPQ
4 6
12

PQ 32 32 3 2
NQ
sin 512
NQ 4.10 (3 sig fig)
3 2
m 4.10, m 3 2

12 Asymptotes y x a,
(i)
(ii)

x2

dy
4a 2
1
dx
x 2 2
For stationary points,
0 1

dy
0
dx

4a 2

x 2 2

x 2 2a
when x 2 2a, y 2 5a
when x 2 2a, y 2 3a

(iii)

13

2 k i
3 ,

w3 1 w e

k 1, 0, 1

( z i )3 ( z i )3 0
( z i )3 ( z i )3 ( 1)3 ( z i )3
3
z i

1
z i
2 k
z i
e 3 i
z i
z

i (1 e

2 k
3

2 k
3

1 e
i (1 cos 2 k3 i sin 2 k3 )
1 cos 2 k3 i sin 2 k3

i 1 1 2sin 2 k3 i 2sin k3 cos k3

1 2 cos 3 1 i 2sin 3 cos 3

2sin k3

2 cos k3
tan k3

cos k3 i sin k3
cos k3 i sin k3

ALTERNATIVE:
z

i (1 e

2 k
3

2 k
3

1 e 2 k
k
i (1 e 3 i ) e 3 i

. k
2 k
1 ek 3 i k e 3 i
i ( e 3 i e 3 i )

k
k
e 3 i e 3 i
i (2i sin k3 )

2 cos k3
tan k3

( z i )3 ( z i )3 0
z 3 3z 2i 3 z i z 3 3z 2i 3zi 2 i 0

z z 2 3 0
3

2 z 3z 0

z 0, 3

Since z tan

is negative tan 3 .
3
3

14(i)

1 1

2
3 .
1 2
R BOC cos 1 107.5o. (1 d.p)
11 9

1 uuur uuur
(ii) Area of OBC OB OC sin 107.5o
2
1

11 81sin 107.5o
2
14.2 units 2

2 2t
r
(iii) uuu

CP 1 4t
3 4t

1 2t

7 4t
3 4t

Since,
uuu
r
uuu
r CB
CP. uuu
r 110
CB
1 2t
7 4t .

3 4t

110

2
9

110

2
uuu
r
CB 9
5

60t 80 110 or
60t 80 110
1
1
t
or 3
( 3.17)
2
6
(iv)

(v)

1
1
uuu
r
uuur

PA 2t 2
AB 2
2
2


uuu
r
uuur
Since PA 2t AB , hence, P, A and B are collinear for all values of t.
uuu
r
uuu
r
uuu
r 1 uuu
r
1 PA ]
[OR PB 1 2t AB , OR PB
2t
uuur uuu
r
OBC and OPC share the same base of OC. Since OC // BP , OBC
and OPC also has the same perpendicular height.
Area of OPC = Area of OBC 14.2 units 2 .