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Noun (kata benda)

1. Countable Nouns ( benda yang bisa dihitung)


Nouns
N
o
A.
B.

C.

D.
E.

F.
G.

I.

J.

one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one
one

Singular
book
rose
watch
glass
brush
box
baby
city
lady
knife
wife
tomato
potato
radio
photo
man
woman
tooth
goose
foot
fish
deer
species
child
mouse

one bacterium
one crisis

Dea Adnan

two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two
two

Plural
books
roses
watches
glasses
brushes
boxes
babies
cities
ladies
knives
wives
tomatoes
potatoes
radios
photos
men
women
teeth
geese
feet
fish
deer
species
children
mice
people
bacteria
crises

Using nouns :

This is a book.
This is a goose.

These are two books.


These are two geese.

That is a child.
That is a woman.

Those are four children.


Those are two women.

It is a knife.
It is a brush.

They are three knives.


They are two brushes.

There is a mouse.
There is a fish.

There are two mice.


There are five fish.

To form question :
Is this a pen ? No, it is not.
It is a book.
Are these two novels ? No, they are not.
They are two books.
To form negative :
That is not a box.
Those are not brushes.

Dea Adnan

Ratna is an outstanding student.


Farel is a football player.
Sam & Daniel are in the classroom.
Siska & I are very surprised to be the winner.
I am the lucky person to win the prize.
e.g.
1. Ferdy is in the living room.
Who is in the living room?
Where is Ferdy?
2. Tom & Jerry are very happy.
Who are very happy?
How are they?

Dea Adnan

Present

FORM

to be

(is,am,are)
I ____

am

He
She
It

is

They
We
You

are

Exercise :
Merry seorang perawat di Puskesmas Andalas
Saya dan Andi berada di London.
Mereka orang-orang yang berhasil.
Kami terlambat.

Dea Adnan

Grammar
activities.

: Present Tense is used to to express daily

I/We/You/They

She/He/It

Artinya

to teach

teaches

mengajar

to find

finds

menemukan
to study

studies

to hold

holds

to feel

belajar
mengadakan

feels

merasa

to come

comes

datang

to choose

chooses

to pass

passes

to be ( am / are )

is

adalah

to lend

lends

meminjamkan

memilih
lulus

Examples in statements and questions.


I teach English on Tuesday and Friday at Syedza.
We study English at school twice a week.
They feel very happy because they pass the examination.
Toni & Bob choose sport for their extra curricular.
Who choose sport for extra curricular?
What do they do ?
What do they choose for extra curricular?
Dea Adnan

Do they choose art for their extra curricular?


I/We/You/They

She/He/It

Artinya

to teach

teaches

mengajar

to find

finds

menemukan

to study

studies

belajar

to hold

holds

mengadakan
to feel

feels

to come

comes

to choose

chooses

to pass
to be ( am/are )

merasa
datang
memilih

passes
is

lulus
adalah

action verb

to lend

lends

meminjamkan

Santi buys her daily needs at Plaza Andalas.


Ms. Hasnim explains the breathing system.
Mr. Dahmet invites all the staf for the meeting.
Rila holds her birthday party at Pangeran Beach Hotel.
Rania is the best student in our class.
e.g.
Amel gives Sandra a souvenir from Japan.
Dea Adnan

non

Who gives Sandra a souvenir from Japan?


What does Sandra do?
Whom does Amel give a souvenir from Japan?
What does Amel give Sandra from Japan?
Where does Amel give Sandra a souvenir from?
Does Amel give Sandra a bag from Italy ?

Dea Adnan

Past Tense ( kalimat untuk menyatakan kegitan


yang sudah berlalu )

I taught the accounting class 2 months ago.


We were present last week.
Kemal came to the party yesterday.
They bought their children a house in Bogor.

e.g.
Siska made the lesson plan before teaching.
Did Siska make lesson plan after teaching?
Who made the lesson plan before teaching?
What did Siska do before teaching?
What did she make before teaching?
When did she make the lesson plan?

Dea Adnan

Present

Past

Perfect

to teach

taught

to be

was/were been

being

to come

came

come

coming

to buy

bought

bought

buying

to make

made

made

making

taught

Continous

teaching

Exercise :
Mereka berenang di danau Singkarak.
Belanda menang 2-0 tadi malam.
Pricilla memakai black shoes & white socks.
Mereka membayar uang sekolah minggu lalu.
Saya mengunjungi Dufan ketika saya di Jakarta.

Dea Adnan

Read the statements and change them into


past tense!

Examples : Every day I see the city bus.


Yesterday I saw the city bus.
1. Every day I write the letter.
Yesterday
2. Every day the boys play football.
Last week
3. Every day Sophia drinks a glass of milk.
This morning
4. Every day Bob looses his pencil at school.
2 hours ago.
5. They are in the library.
Yesterday morning

Dea Adnan

Sam the Watchman

Sam was a watchman. He stood at the


entrance to a big building. He guarded the
building against thieves and robbers. Some
people thought that Sam was foolish. They
tried to play tricks on him. Sam pretended to
be stupid but he was not really foolish. He was
clever. He knew what to do and what to say.

A. Circle the predicate (verb)


B. Write 3 yes/no questions
C. Write 3 Wh-questions

Dea Adnan

Present Perfect Tense ( menyatakan kegiatan


yang sudah/ telah berlangsung )

The students have done the final test.


Mr. Haris has moved to Jakarta since February.
I have painted my house for the second time
this year.
Ms. Emilia has finished her S2 programme in
UNP.
e.g.
Susi has worked at BCA since 1998.
____ has worked at BCA since 1998? Susi has.
____ has Susi done ? has worked at BCA
____ has Susi worked since 1998? BCA
____ has Susi worked at BCA?
Present

to do
Dea Adnan

Past

did

Perfect

done

Continous

doing

to have/has had

had

having

to move

moved

moved

moving

to paint

painted

painted

painting

to finish

finished

finished

finishing

Exercise :
Roni sudah pergi ke sekolah.
Kami sudah mendiskusikan Past Tense.
Mereka sudah membangun rumah baru di
Medan.
Ms. Eliza sudah mendapatkan bea siswa.
Kara & Sari sudah memahami tugas mereka.
Future Tense ( menyatakan kegiatan yang
akan dilaksanakan )
Anton will study in America next year.
They will produce the household products.
My close friend will go to Mecca this year.
Padang will be a very clean city.
Dea Adnan

e.g.
Rahmi will clean her house after cooking.
_____ will clean the house after cooking?
_____ will she ____ after cooking?
_____ will she clean after cooking?
________________________? After cooking.
________________________? No she wont.

Present

Past

Perfect

Continous

to study

studied

studied

to produce

produced

produced producing

to go

went

gone

going

to be

was/were

been

being

to clean

cleaned

cleaned

Dea Adnan

studying

cleaning

Exercise :
Mereka akan mengundang guru2 SMK3.
Kami akan meminjamkan labor komputer.
Bob akan menikah dengan Ine bulan depan.
Saya akan mengajar matematika dalam bahasa
inggris semester depan.

Present Continous Tense ( menyatakan


kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung )
Rahmi is cooking oxtail stew in the kitchen.
Sandra & Bram are talking about the next
program.
Bram is selling the newspapers now.
Sonya is bringing her son ice cream.

e.g.
Bob is visiting Andre at the hospital now.
Dea Adnan

Present

Past

Perfect

Continous

to cook

cooked

cooked

cooking

to talk

talked

talked

talking

to sell

sold

sold

selling

to be

was/were

been

being

brought

brought

bringing

( is, am, are)


to bring

Exercise : Write your own sentences!


1.
2.
3.
Dea Adnan

4.
5.

Dea Adnan

Present Tense ( untuk menyampaikan kegiatan


sehari- hari )
I teach English on Tuesday and Friday at Syedza.
We study English at school twice a week.
They feel very happy because they pass the
examination.
e.g.
Toni & Bob choose sport for their extra
curricular.
Who choose sport for extra curricular?
What do they do ?
What do they choose for extra curricular?
Do they choose art for their extra curricular?

Dea Adnan

Present

Form

I/We/You/They

She/He/It

Artinya

to teach

teaches

mengajar

to find

finds

menemukan

to study

studies

belajar

to hold

holds

mengadakan

to feel

feels

merasa

to come

comes

datang

to choose

chooses

memilih

to pass

passes

lulus

to lend

lends

meminjamkan

Exercise :
Saya menemukan kamus bhs Inggris.
Kami mengadakan belajar kelompok setiap
minggu.
Mereka datang terlambat.
Saya meminjam kalkulator Rina.

Dea Adnan

Santi buys her daily needs at Plaza Andalas.


Ms. Hasnim explains the breathing system.
Mr. Dahmet invites all the staff for the meeting.
Rila competes in Jakarta.
e.g.
Amel gives Sandra a souvenir from Japan.
Who gives Sandra a souvenir from Japan?
What does Sandra do?
Whom does Amel give a souvenir from Japan?
What does Amel give Sandra from Japan?
Where does Amel give Sandra a souvenir
from?
Does Amel give Sandra a bag from Italy ?

Dea Adnan

Present

Form

I/We/You/They

She/He/It

Artinya

to buy

buys

membeli

to explain

explains

menjelaskan

to invite

invites

mengundang

to compete

competes

bertanding

to give

gives

memberi

to draw

draws

menggambar

to discuss

discusses

mendiskusikan

to take

takes

to wear

wears

mengambil/meminum

memakai

Exercise :
Kirani menggambar rumah di papan tulis.
Ratri mendiskusikan ujian Anatomi dengan
teman-temannya.
Ms. Elsa memberi contoh bagaimana menolong
pasien.
Fanny meminum procold tiga kali sehari.
Dea Adnan

Present Tense : untuk menyatakan yang biasa dilakukan


sehari-hari
Direction : Fill in the blanks with am, is, are.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Ana and Dony . . . . . . . in the living room.


The school yard . . . . . . . small.
Jane . . . . . . . a good student.
The weather . . . . . . . very hot today.
I . . . . . . . a new student.
The English teacher . . . . . . . sick today.
There . . . . . . . two cats in the kitchen.
Susan . . . . . . . very clever and friendly.
We . . . . . . . very busy today.

10.Harry ans John . . . . . . . brothers.


Direction : Match the sentences

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Michael and Vanessa . . . . . . . a. are doctors.


Is he . . . .
? b. teachers.
I....
c. is a nurse.
You . . . .
d. an enginner.
Are they . . . .
? e. am not a lawyer.
She . . . .
f. are pilots.

Direction : Use the correct form of verb.


1. My father . . . a cup of coffee every morning
( drink ).
2. She . . . . . . to the hospital every Saturday (go)
Dea Adnan

3. Amy often . . . . . . inthe swimming pool (swim)


4. Jim and Susan . . . . . . . . .English well (speak)
5. My teacher . . . . . with a pen, but we . . . . . with
pencils (write)
6. My family . . . . . . . in Jakarta (live)
7. Diana . . . . . . . . some interesting book from the
library (borrow)
8. We . . . . . . . to play basketball at school (like)
9. The students . . . . . . . . seriously (study)
10.The sun . . . . . . . . so beautiful at dawn (look)
Direction : Write some questions for No.1
1.
2.
3.
4.

_________________________? My father does.


________________________ ? a cup of coffee.
_______________________ ? every morning.
_______________________ ? No, he doesnt.

Dea Adnan

Dea Adnan