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1) Indian Elephant or the Asian Elephant

Habitat: Tropical forest habitats from moist, evergreen lowland forest to dry semideciduous teak forests to cooler mountain forests up to 10,000 feet. They also frequent
adjacent grasslands and farm areas.
National Parks: Bennarghatta National Park, Karnataka, Kaziranga National Park,
Assam, Periyar National Park, Kerala
Status in the Wild: Endangered
2) Asiatic Lion
Habitat: Grasslands and plains
National Parks: Found only at the Gir National Forest, Gujarat
Status in the Wild: Endangered

3) Lion Tailed Macaque

Habitat: Lion-tailed macaques live in southwest India in pockets of evergreen forests, called
sholas, in the Western Ghats range. They live at elevations between 2,000 and 3,500 feet. Liontailed macaques are unique to India. In the early 1970s, they still ranged through the southern
third of the country. Today, they only live in mountain forests scattered across three Indian states:
Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.
National Parks: Kalakkadu Wildlife Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu, Mundanthuri Wildlife Sanctuary,
Tamil Nadu
Status in the Wild: Endangered

4) Great Indian Rhinoceros

Habitat: Found only in the tall grasslands and forests in the foothills of the Himalayas.
National Parks: Kaziranga National Park, Assam; Manas National Park, Assam
Status in the Wild: Endangered

5) Leopard
Habitat: The leopard lives in all types of habitats from open country to thick forest.

National Parks: Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan; Sariska National Park, Rajasthan
Status in the Wild: Near Threatened

6) Neelgai
Habitat: They live on a variety of land types from hillsides to level ground with scattered grass
steppes, trees, and cultivated areas, but not in thick forests.
National Parks: Sultanpur National Park, Haryana
Status in the Wild: Secure

7) Royal Bengal Tiger

Habitat: Habitats include dense thickets, long grass, or tamarisk shrubs along river banks.
National Parks: Kanha National Park, MP; Bandavgarh National Park, MP
Status in the Wild: Endangered

8) Wild Ass
Habitat: Flat grassland covered expanse known as bets (islands where coarse grasses springs up
during the monsoon).
National Parks: Little Rann Of Kutch, Gujarat
Status in the Wild: Endangered

9) Pangolin or Scaly Anteater

Habitat: Variety of habitats - forests, hills, cultivated land, rocky crevices. Found in much of
Eastern and Northern India and in Tamil Nadu and Kerala also.
National Parks: Found in many National Parks
Status in the Wild: Near Threatened


Chinkara (Indian Gazzele)

The chinkara, also known as the Indian gazelle, is a gazelle species native to
Iran, Pakistan and India. Chinkara live in arid plains and hills, deserts, dry scrub and
light forests. In 2001, the Indian chinkara population was estimated at 100,000 with
80,000 living in the Thar Desert.

Habitat: Grasslands and dessert

National Parks: Kutch Dessert Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, Gir National Forest, Gujarat
Status in the Wild: Least concern


Nilgiri Tahr

Habitat: Hills of southern India at elevations of about 1,800m (6,00 ft.)

National Parks: Eravikulam National Park, Kerala

Status in the Wild: Endangered


Indian Flying Fox

Habitat: This species roosts in large colonies of hundreds to thousands of individuals on large
trees in rural and urban areas, close to agricultural fields, ponds and by the side of roads It feeds
on a wide variety of fruits and flowers, both wild and cultivated. A single young is born between
April to early June. It travels long distances, up to 150 km to and from its roost, a night in search
of fleshy berries.
National Parks: Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu, Palamau Tiger Reserve and
Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary in Jharkhand, Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh,
Molem National Park in Goa, Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh, Chilka (Nalaban)
Wildlife Sanctuary in Orissa and Indravati National Park in Chattisgarh.
Status in the Wild: Least concern

black necked crane

The black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis) is a medium-sized crane in Asia
that breeds on the Tibetan Plateau and winters mainly in remote parts of
India and Bhutan.


Snow Leopard

The snow leopard (Panthera uncia syn. Uncia uncia) is a large cat native to
the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia. It is listed as endangered on
the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species because as of 2003, the size of the
global population was estimated at 4,0806,590 adults, of which fewer than
2,500 individuals may reproduce in the wild.


Indian Giant Flying Squirrel

The Indian giant flying, alternatively referred to as the large brown flying
squirrel or the common giant flying squirrel, is a species of rodent in the
Sciuridae family. It is found in China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka,
Taiwan, Vietnam and Thailand.


Indian Boar

The Indian boar, also known as the Andamanese pig or Moupin pig[2] is a subspecies
of wild boar native to India, Nepal, Burma, western Thailand and Sri Lanka.The Indian
boar differs from its European counterpart by its larger, more sharply featured and
straighter skull, its smaller, sharper ears and overall lighter build.[3] It is taller and more
sparsely haired than the European form.

17) Water Buffalo

The water buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a large bovid
originating in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China. Today, it is also found in Europe,
Australia, and some American countries.[1] The wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) native
to Southeast Asia is considered a different species, but most likely represents the ancestor
of the domestic water buffalo.
Critically Endangered Species of Animals

It contains 132 species of plants and animals in India listed as critically

* The Critically Endangered list included 18 species of amphibians, 14
fishes and 10 mammals. There are also 15 bird species in the category.
* Please refer the below article of Mrunals which gives details about IUCN,

* This article gives you an overview of birds, amphibians and mammals

which are critically endangered.
* The latest International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of
Birds (2013) shows that fifteen bird species in India continue to be Critically
Endangered (CR).

* Migratory wetland species:

Baers Pochard
* It is adiving duck found in easternAsia
* Hunting and wetland destruction are thought to be the causes of the
declineVegetated coastal wetlands, or around lakes and ponds surrounded by
forestFreshwater lakes and reservoirsSoutheastRussia and
NortheastChinaMigrating in winter to southern China,Vietnam,Japan,
andIndiaIn 2012 it was further uplisted from Endangered toCR.It is legally
protected in Russia, Mongolia and Hong Kong (China) and in some provinces
in China.
Siberian Crane
* It is a large, strikingly majestic migratory bird that breeds and winters in
* Also known as theSiberian White Craneor theSnow Crane.Wetland
areasKeoladeo National Park in Rajasthan.The last documented sighting of
the bird in India was in 2002It is subject ofthe MoU concerning Conservation
Measures for the Siberian Craneconcluded under theBonn Convention.
Spoon-billed Sandpiper
* The most distinctive feature of this species is itsspatulatebill
* Requires highly specialized breeding habitat, a constraint that has always
kept its population scarceCoastal areas with sparse vegetationWest Bengal,
Orissa, Kerala and Tamil NaduThe main threats to its survival are habitat loss
on its breeding grounds and loss of tidal flats through its migratory and
wintering rangeIt was reclassified toCR status in 2008

* Non-migratory wetland species:

White-bellied Heron
* also known as theImperial HeronorGreat White-bellied Heron
* It is mostly all dark grey with white throat and underparts.
* It is inherently rare, and populations have never been known to be very
high.Rivers with sand or gravel bars or inland lakesBhutan and North-East
India to the hills of Bangladesh and North MyanmarIt has therefore been
uplisted from Endangered to CE status in the 2007IUCN Red List.

* Grassland species:
Bengal Florican
* It is a rare bustard species that is very well known for its mating dance
* They are normally silent but when disturbed utters a metallicchik-chikchikcall.Grasslands occasionally interspersed with scrublands.Native to only
3 countries in the world -Cambodia, India and Nepal. In India, it occurs in 3
states Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.It is known to have
become increasingly threatened by land conversion for intensive agriculture,
particularly for dry seasonrice production + Poaching.
Great Indian Bustard (GIB)
* One of the worlds heaviest flying birds.
* The bird population estimate in 1980s was around 1,500, during 2003-04
was 500, in 2011 it is around 250-300 birds.
* It breeds mostly during the monsoon season.
* They are omnivorous and feed on insects, lizards, frogs, herbs, wild berries,
oil seeds, and legume podsDry plains of theIndian subcontinentIt used to be
in 11 states, now it is limited to 6 Indian states of Rajasthan, Madhya
Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, and Andhra PradeshRajasthan:

has the largest stronghold of the GIB, is the first Indian state to initiate a
project Great Indian Bustard under the campaign ofConservation India.
Jerdons Courser
* It is a nocturnal bird endemic to India.
* It is a flagship species for the extremely threatened scrub
jungle.Undisturbed scrub jungle with open areas
* Found only in the northern part of the state of Andhra Pradesh in peninsular
* Old records do attribute its presence in the neighboring areas of the state
of MaharashtraThe species was considered to be extinct until it was
rediscovered in 1986 and the area of rediscovery was subsequently declared
as the Sri Lankamaleswara Wildlife Sanctuary
Sociable Lapwing
* It is a winter migrant to India.
* This attractive medium-sized lapwing has longish black legs and a short
black billFallow fields and scrub desert.
* In India, distribution is restricted to the north and north-west of the
countryIn 2004BirdLife Internationalcategorized this bird as critically
endangered, due to a very rapid population decline for poorly understood

* Forest species:
Forest Owlet
* Anowlthat is endemic to the forests of centralIndia.
* They have a relatively large skull and beak
* They appear to be strongly diurnal although not very active after 10 AMDry
deciduous forest.South Madhya PradeshNorth-west MaharashtraNorth-central
Maharashtra.It had been lost for more than a century. After 113 long years it
was rediscovered in 1997 and reappeared on the list of Indian birds.

* Scavengers:
* The decline in vulture populations has associated disease risks, including
increased risk of spread of rabies and anthrax.
* Diclofenac is given to working animals it can reduce joint pain and so keep
them working for longer
* The drug is believed to be swallowed by vultures with the flesh of dead
cattle which were given diclofenac in the last days of life. Diclofenac causes
kidney failure in several species of Vultures
Indian Vulture
* The Long-billed Vulture is a typical vulture, with a bald head, very broad
wings and short tail feather
* They have suffered a 97%99% population decrease inPakistan andIndia
* The cause of this has been identified as poisoning caused by the veterinary
drugdiclofenac..Forests, villages etc.Across IndiaCaptive-breeding
programmes for several species of Indian vulture have been started. The
vultures are long lived and slow in breeding, so the programmes are
expected to take decades
Red-headed Vulture
* Also known as theAsian King Vulture,Indian Black VultureorPondicherry
* The adult has a prominent deep red to orange naked head and the juvenile
being of paler red.Forests, villages etc.Mainly found in theIndian
SubcontinentSome parts ofSoutheast AsiaThe widespread use of the
DiclofenacinIndiahas caused its population to collapse in recent years
White-backed Vulture
* It is calledAfrican White-backed Vultureto distinguish it from the Oriental
White-backed Vulture
* Its a typical vulture with only down feathers on the head and neck, very
broad wings and short tail feathers.Forests, villages etc.The savannah of
West and EastAfricaAcross IndiaIn 2013 it was uplisted from Endangered
toCritically Endangered

Slender-billed Vulture.
* It is about the same size as its sister species, theIndian Vulture
* They have suffered a huge decline. The cause of this has been identified as
poisoning caused by the veterinary drugdiclofenac.Forests, villages
etc.Gangetic plainnorth, West to Himachal Pradesh, Northern Odisha,
AssamSoutheast AsiaIt is a protected species listed on the appendix II list
ofCITES.Captive-breeding programs in India are aiming to conserve the

* Now considered Extinct for all practical purposes.

* But still under CE category
Himalayan Quail
* The red bill and legs of this small dark quail and white spots before and
after the eye make it distinctive.
* It is presumed to be extinct since no reliable records of sightings of this
species exist after 1876.Tall grass and scrub on steep hillsidesWestern
HimalayasIndiscriminate hunting during the colonial period along with
habitat modification.
Pink-headed Duck
* is (or was) a largediving duck
* Males have a deep pink head and neck from which the bird derives its
* It has not been conclusively recorded in India since 1949. Overgrown stillwater pools, marshes and swamps in lowland forests and tall
grasslandsRecorded in India, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Maximum records
are from north-east IndiaWetland degradation and loss of habitat, along with
hunting are the main causes of its decline

*******************************End of CE

* The species that have been uplisted (facing greater danger) in 2013 IUCN
list are
River Lapwing
* It has a black crest, crown, face and central throat and grey-white neck
sides and nape.
* It feeds on insects,worms crustaceansandmollusksin nearby wet grassland
and farmland
* It is expected to undergo a moderately rapid population decline over the
next three generations owing to human pressures on riverine ecosystems
and the construction of dams.It inhabits larger rivers and lakes preferring
wide, slow-moving rivers with sand or gravel bars and islandsIt occurs in
southernChina, much of South-East AsiaNorthern and northeasternIndia,
stretching towardsMyanmar, to Cambodia, ThailandandVietnam.Uplisted
from Least Concern to Near Threatened
River Tern
* This is a medium-sized tern, dark grey upperparts, white underparts, a
forked tail with long flexible streamers, and long pointed wings.
* The bill is yellow and the legs red.
* Increasing human disturbance and dam construction projects are expected
to drive a moderately rapid population decline over the next three
generations.rivers and freshwater lakes, also occurring rarely on estuaries,
and breeds on sandy islandsoccurs across a wide range in southern Asia,
being found
,Vietnamand southernChina(Yunnan) (del Hoyoet al. 1996), with vagrant
records from Iran and Afghanistan.Uplisted from Least Concern to Near
Threatened Nesting areas are vulnerable to flooding, predation and
Long-tailed Duck
* They are mid-sized birds with long, dark tails and gray legs and feet.
* This species is fully migratory although its movements are poorly

understoodreside in a variety of habitatsWinter in the open ocean or large

lakes and summer in pools or lakes in the tundra.Vagrant records in India
includes Nagaland, UP, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan and
MaharastraThey are found breeding on the Arctic coasts of Canada, Alaska,
United States of America, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, and Russia. They
winter further south in the United Kingdom, North America, Korea and on the
Black and Caspian Seas.Uplisted from Least Concern to Vulnerable.The
species is threatened by wetland habitat degradation and loss from
petroleum pollution, wetland drainage and peat-extraction.

Reptiles and amphibians

* Turtles
Red-crowned roofed turtle
* Also known as Bengal Roof Turtle
* At the end of the rainy season, the heads and necks of male turtles develop
a brilliant courtship coloration of red, yellow, white, and blue, with 6
distinctive bright red stripes on top of the head
* The diet of turtles consists entirely of water plantsDeep flowing rivers with
terrestrial nest sites.Found in India, Bangladesh and Nepal. In India it
resides basically in the watershed of the GangaCP: 1. Since 2004,it has
reproduced in captivity at theMadras Crocodile Bank Trust.2. Since 2006, the
Chambal River Sanctuary Program has implemented projects to protect wild
nests, collect and hatch wild eggs
Hawksbill sea turtle
* The species is migratory in nature and nesting occurs in about 70 countries
across the world.Nesting occurs on insular, sandy beaches.In India they are
found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the coast of Tamil Nadu and
Orissa.The CITES outlaws the capture and trade of hawksbill sea turtles and
products derived from themAlso included in the Convention on Migratory
River terrapin
* Also known as four-toed river terrapin
* The omnivorous diet of the river terrapin and other terrapin species makes

them an essential part of the efficient clean-up systems of aquatic

habitats.Freshwater rivers and lakes.Bangladesh, Cambodia, India (West
Bengal and Orissa), Indonesia and Malaysia.Illegally exported from Indonesia
and traded in substantial numbers in China despite a CITES I listing

* Crocodile

* It is also called gavialandfish-eating crocodile
* It is one of the longest of all living crocodilians
* It is characterized by its extremely long, thin jawsClean rivers with sand
banksOnly viable population in the National Chambal Sanctuary, spread
across three states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh in
India.Now extinct in Myanmar, Pakistan, Bhutan and
Bangladesh.Conservation programs have been undertaken in India and
Nepal, based on the establishment of protected areas and restocking these
with animals born in captivity

* Frogs
Ghats wart frog
* Also known as Murthys frog.
* It is a montane species found at elevations of around 2,200m asl
* This species is known only from the type series, and further taxonomic
studies are required.Tropical moist forest and is terrestrial in
natureNative:India(Western GhatsinTamil NaduandKarnataka)The species
appears to have been recorded from the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, and it is
protected by national legislation

Indirana gundia
* It has thick brown strip that extends from nose passing through eyes
* It is found at an elevation of around 200 m above mean sea level
* Breeding takes place on wet rocks, and the larvae are found on wet rock
surfaces next to streamsMoist tropical forestKnown only to exist in Gundia,
Kempholey in the Western Ghats region of Karnataka.It is not known to be
present in any protected areas
The Kerala Indian Frog
* Due to the presence of prominent warts and tubercles of various sizes and
glandular folds on its dorsal surface, it is commonly also known as the toadskinned frog.
* It is found at elevations of around 500 m above mean sea levelA terrestrial
species associated with leaf-litter in tropical moist forestAnamalai Hills of the
Western GhatsThe species is present in Indira Ghandi National Park and
protected by national legislation.
Charles Darwin's frog
* It is found at elevations below 500 m above mean sea level. Arboreal
species of tropical moist forestThis species is currently restricted to its type
locality of Mount Harriet in South Andaman Island and Saddle Peak in the
North Andaman Island, India.It has been recorded from Mount Harriet
National Park and Saddle Peak National Park, and is protected by national
legislation in India.
Rao's torrent frog
* The altitude of the type locality is not known, but it was most recently
collected at an altitude of approximately 1,000m asl
* It was recently collected close to a road and a stream. Like other members
of the genus, it probably has aquatic larvae in streams.Wet forestsThis
species is known only from the type locality "Kottigehar, Kadur", and from a
recently discovered population at Bhadrea, in Chicamangalore District,
Karnataka, in the Western Ghats of India.It is not known whether or not this
species occurs in any protected areas.
Amboli bush frog
* It was recently discovered in 2009 in Amboli forest in the Western Ghats
of Maharashtra.
* It is found at elevations ranging from 550 m to 940 m above mean sea
level. It was collected in extremely disturbed areas close to evergreen forest

patches, although it is not known whether or not it occurs in primary

evergreen forest.Known only from a few localities in the vicinity of the Amboli
forest in Sawantwadi District, Maharashtra, in the northern Western Ghats
of IndiaIt is not known to occur in any protected areas, making habitat
protection an urgent priority.
The Chalazodes Bubble-Nest Frog
* It is a nocturnal, arboreal species.
* Also known as White-spotted bush frog.Tropical moist evergreen forestAll
recorded specimens have been from the Western Ghats, IndiaIt was
described in 1876 based on a single femalespecime, from Travancore, south
India. There was no authentic report of this species since 1876 until its
rediscovery in Febuary 2011.
Griet bush frog
* It is a small frog of snout to vent length ranging from 2-2.2 cm only.
* This species has beenrecorded from 1,500m asl. It is an arboreal species,
found commonly in montane forest, and in secondary growth close to shoal
forest, but can also be found in tea plantationsThis species appears to be
restricted to one locality: Munnar, in the southern Western Ghats of IndiaIt
is not known from any protected areas, and habitat protection is urgently
Munnar bush frog
* It was discovered in 2009 from Munnar in Idukki district of Kerala.
* It is found at an elevation of about 1,400It is known only from a small area
(less than 20km) of secondary vegetation, adjoining the forest along the
Ghat road. Specimens were found close to a tea plantation, but not inside the
plantationCurrently known only to occur in two locations, Devikulam and
Munnar, Idukki district, Kerala, south India.This threat is very serious as there
are no other known areas in the surrounding region that could be considered
as suitable habitat for the species.
Ponmudi bush frog
* It is the largest bush frog of India with a snout to vent length upto 4
cm.Evergreen forest surrounded by grassland.This species is known only
from the type locality at 1,000 m asl on Ponmudi Hill, part of the
Agasthyamala Hill range (=Ashambu Hills) in the Western Ghats of India. It
might possibly occur more widely in Wynaad District.It might be present in
Shenduruny Sanctuary and Wynaad Wildlife Sanctuary. Strengthening the

existing protected areas network and maintenance of remaining habitat in

the range of the species are recommended conservation actions.
Sacred Grove bush frog
* It isendemic toIndia.Associated with old growth, tropical, moist, semievergreen and mesic forest, and does not occur outside forestKnown only to
occur in Kapildhara Falls, Amarkantak, Jabalpur District, Madhya
PradeshImproved protection and maintenance of the habitat is needed
Shillong bubble-nest frog
* It isendemic toIndia.
* It has been recorded from elevations below 1,400m asl.Tropical moist
forestThis species is restricted to a small area of forest, in and around
Shilong, Meghalaya, in north-eastern India. It is not known whether or not
this species occurs in any protected areas, but habitat protection and
maintenance are urgent priorities for this species, and additional survey work
is necessary to assess its current population status.
Anaimalai flying frog
* It is confined to rainforests of south- western Ghats
* It lives at elevations greater than 1,000 m above mean sea level. tropical
moistmontane forestsand intermittent freshwatermarshesIt is found in
Andiparai Shola, Pudothottam and the Anamalai Hills of Tamil Nada and
KeralaWhile known to be present in the Indira Gandhi National Park in Tamil
Nadu, further habitat protection is needed

********************End of CE REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS****************



Namdapha flying squirrel

* It is an arboreal, nocturnalflying squirrelendemicto IndiaTropical
forestFound only in Namdapha Tiger Reserve in Arunachal PradeshThe
species is not protected by any legislation.
Andaman shrew
* This species is a nocturnal animal, endemic to IndiaLives in tropical moist
deciduous and evergreen forests, where it inhabits leaf litter and rock
crevicesSouth Andaman IslandsThis species has been recorded from Mount
Harriet National Park
Jenkins' shrew
* It is endemic to India.
* It is a nocturnal / crepuscular and semi fossorial animalTropical moist
deciduous forest.Found on Wright Myo and Mount Harriet in the South
Andaman IslandThis shrew has been recorded from Mount Harriet National
Park. There is a need to maintain areas of suitable forest habitat for this
Nicobar shrew
* Also known as Nicobar White-tailed Shrew
* It is a nocturnal and semi fossorial speciesLives among leaf litter in tropical
moist deciduous forestThis species is known only from the southern tip of
Greater Nicobar Island (India) in the Bay of Bengal.It has been recorded from
Campbell Bay National Park (possibly now extinct here) and Galathea
National Park in Great Nicobar Islands.
Elvira rat
* Also known as Large Rock Rat.
* It is a medium sized, nocturnal and burrowing rodent that is endemic to
* It is recorded from an elevation of about 600 m above mean sea
level.Tropical dry deciduous shrub land forest, seen in rocky areasKnown only
from Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu.It is listed in the Schedule V (considered as
vermin) of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
Kondana soft-furred rat
* It is a nocturnal burrowing rodent that is found only in India.
* It is reported from an elevation of about 1,270 m above mean sea
level.Tropical and subtropical dry deciduous forests and tropical scrub.Known

only from the small Sinhagarh Plateau (about one km), near Pune in
Maharashtra.It is listed in the Schedule V (considered as vermin) of the
Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
Pygmy hog
* It is the worlds smallest wild pig, with adults weighing only 8 kgs.
* They live for about eight years, becoming sexually mature at one to two
years oldRelatively undisturbed, tall terai grasslandsRestricted to only a
single remnant population in Manas Wildlife Sanctuary and its buffer
reserves.Formerly, the species was more widely distributed along the
southern Himalayan foothillsConservation program is conducted under the
aegis of a formal International Agreement, that was originally signed at New
Delhi in 1995 and later renewed as a MOU in 2001, between IUCN SSC Pigs
Peccaries and Hippos Specialist Group, Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
(DWCT), the Forest Department, Government of Assam, and the MOEF, GOI
Sumatran rhinoceros
* It is the smallest and most endangered of the five rhinoceros
speciesRainforests, swamps, andcloud forestsSumatra, Borneo, and theMalay
Peninsula.It is now thought to be regionally extinct in India, though it once
occurred in the foothills of the Himalayas and north-east India
Javan rhinoceros
* Also known as lesser one-horned rhinoceros
* The Javan rhino is smaller than Indian rhinoceros, and is close in size to
theblack rhinoceros
* Like Indian rhino, the Javan rhinoceros has a single hornLowland tropical
rainforest areasNative:Indonesia; Viet NamRegionally extinct:Bangladesh;
Cambodia; China; India; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia
(Peninsular Malaysia); Myanmar; ThailandIt is legally protected in all range
states. The species has been on CITES Appendix I since 1975.A Rhino
Protection Unit (RPU) has been established for the protection of this species
on Java (Sectionov and Waladi pers. comm.). It occurs in two protected areas:
Ujung Kulon National Park on Java and the Cat Loc part (Dong Nai province)
of the Cat Tien National Park in Viet Nam.
Malabar large-spotted civet
* It also known as theMalabar civet, endemic to theWestern GhatsofIndia.
* The species is nocturnal and probably elusive.Wooded plains and hill slopes
of evergreen rainforestsWestern GhatsConservation Action: It is listed in

Schedule I, part I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and on CITES
Appendix III (India).

* Though Kashmir stag and Himalayan wolf have been mentioned as CE in

Wiki, the has no mention of the same.
**************************End of CE MAMALS*******************************

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