# Sydney Sun Kappa 3/19/08

High Dive Unit Problem: Can we Save Andre?

Sydney Sun Kappa 3/14/08

Problem Statement On the day of the CAT-nival, Andre Howard plans to jump off of the Farrell

Ferris Wheel. At the same time there is a cart of water that is traveling from the left of the wheel to right. And, Andre’s objective is to jump off of the FF Wheel and land in to the cart of water. My job, is to ﬁgure out how long Andre should be on the FF wheel before be dives so that he’ll land exactly into the pool. Also, my calculations need to be as correct as possible so that I can both assure Andre that my calculations are correct and that Andre will be alive after the jump is done and over with. I know and found out that the Farrell Ferris Wheel has a 50foot radius, which means that the wheel also has a 100-feet diameter (but we won’t be using that bit of information in this problem). The FF Wheel is on a 15 feet stand, which makes the distance from the center of the wheel to the ground 65 feet. I also know that the FF wheel isn’t sporadic and that it turns at a constant speed, which, makes one complete turn in 40 seconds. The wheel also completes this turn counter clockwise. The cart of water that Andre is jumping into is 240 feet to the left of the FF wheel. The cart moves 15feet per second and has a water level of 8 feet off of the ground. I also know that Andre is standing at the 3’o clock position on the FF wheel.

I will need the ﬁnal equation that we had already ﬁgured out which is—cos (9w)50=-240+15(w+√57+15(9w)/16. There are 2 ways that I can solve this

problem. I can either use Guess and Check, or I can try to ﬁgure out another way.

Sydney Sun

Kappa 3/16/08

Work Section In solving the unit problem, there were a lot of equations that were involved in the process. But, the thing is the main equation that we used was

our final equation which is cos(9w)50=-240+15(w+√57+15(9w)/16. This equation is a culmination of other equations. In that equation, 50 is the radius, W is wheel time, the 9 is degrees per second, the 15 is the rate of the pool, and the -240 is the starting point of the pool. The final equation is made up of the equation for height, falling time, and cosine. The first equation that I had figured out/used is the equation for falling time. I had gotten this equation from our very first class work. The equation is t=√h/16. In this equation “t” stands for time, which is the thing that I was looking for. The “h” stands for height, which the distance that the object is from the ground. The 16 is half of the rate that and object falls at—32— everything falls at the same rate against gravity, and that rate is 16. The process that I took find this equation was: Steps 1) h-16t^2=0 2) 16t^2/16=-h/16 3) t^2=-h/16 4) √t^2=-h/16 5) t=√h/16 The second equation that I had found was the equation for height, which, is h(t)=65+50sin(9t). Once again “h” is height, “t” is time, and 9 is the degrees per second. The 65 represents 65ft, which is the center of the Ferris wheel to the

ground, and the 50 represents the radius of the Ferris Wheel. Those 2 numbers were given to us. Also, in the unit problem, we used sine and cosine because they are 2 trigonometry functions that would help us find the triangle that will be created between the ground, the height and where Andre will be. Also, Cosine gives me the X position(horizontal) and Sine will gives me the Y position (vertical).
Sin e

50 Ft Cosine 65 ft

cart

Also, Trigonometry is the study of how the sides and angles of a triangle are related to each other. So, one would assume that Trig only has to do with

triangles, but trig also has to do with circles because, If the length of the hypotenuse(longest side of a triangle) is exactly one unit, we call the circle that the end of the hypotenuse draws, a unit circle.

Unlike my original plan, I had to reconstruct the final equation. I tried to enter it into the calculator as it was, but it didn’t work. Later on I figured out that I had to change the equation according to PEMDAS because that is how the calculator will read it. That was a step that I had to my original plan, or I wouldn’t have been able to solve the Unit Problem. So, I had to figure out where each parenthesis will be and everything. I went from this equation cos(9w)50=-240+15 (w+√57+15(9w)/16 to (√( sin(9w)50+57)/16+x), I entered the new equation as Y1 in the graphing calculator and I entered cos(15+-240) as my second line. After I just graphed it and the calculator found the point of intersection, which was 12.282855 for X and -17.54771 for Y.

Sydney Sun Kappa

3/16/08

Answer Section After doing extensive math computation. I had found the answer: X= 12.282855 Y= -17.54771 I know my answer is right because I had correctly altered the Final Equation according to PEMDAS, which was (√( sin(9w)50+57)/16+x), And since I know that the graphing calculators follow PEMDAS, I know that I got the answer correct. Before that I also know that I got the answer right because all of the equations that I used were also correct the falling time equation and height equation were both correct and I also used Sine and Cosine correctly. So, I did not make a mathematical mistake on my path to solving the Unit problem and saving Andre’s life.

Sydney Sun Kappa

3/18/08

Reflection
When I had first gotten the problem I thought it was going to be the hardest problem that I would ever solve in my life. I was never really comfortable with Trig. I didn’t understand Sine and Cosine I couldn’t really even differentiate between the different sides of the triangle. So, I was really nervous embarking on the unit problem. But after I had finished the first class work and the first home work and the 2nd and the 3rd I realized that I was doing pretty well and I actually understood what I was doing as long as I concentrated and didn’t over think and over complicate things. Then, when we all as a class went over

everything that we had done and how they all connect with one another I understood what I had to do. Then after we had done all of the work that we did, and we started the Unit Circle I knew that I didn’t want to do guess and check. Mostly because I knew that I didn’t have the patience for it and I thought that there had to be another way because the entire time we were figuring out the class work you (Ms. Farrell) always told us not to over complicate things. Also, at the bottom of the page PEMDAS was written there and I thought that there had to be a reason why that was there and there had to be a connection and after thinking a while I got it. I learned that one of the initial inaccuracies that I had in my original plan was that I didn’t take into account how the Calculator computates. It actually took me a while before I figured out that that was the problem I was having. I kept on entering the equation into the calculator. Then I realized the issue and

the thing with PEMDAS, and I made the alterations and I got the right answer. I feel like part of the reason why I did waste so much time, was because I didn’t think my plan through as well as I could have. I should have thought about every variable that would affect my plan before I started, but I didn’t, so I had to find the solution on the spot. A situation that would change my answer is if the speed of the Ferris wheel changes. It would change my final answer because the Ferris wheel

would either be faster or slower and that would change the degrees per second. So, anywhere in the equation that has a 9, it would change, and that would effect the time at which Andre would be dropped, and the relationship between the Ferris wheel and the cart will also change. 2 real world situations that I could apply this math to are, 1) in the future if I decide to open my open cookie company and get and work a cookie conveyer belt I have to figure out how fast I need to collect cookies keeping the cookie stamp and the belt in mind so that I don’t back up the cookies. The other real world example if I go to a BBQ and we all decide to play a game where people form 2 lines face one another and throw footballs toward the center where 1 person would have to run through. I could use this math to figure out the speed that the 2 rows would throw the ball at and when it will hit me so that I can avoid the balls so I don’t get hurt.

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