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ChEg 355

Transport Phenomena
Lecture 1
8/22/00

Mark J. McCready
Professor and Department Chair
Chemical Engineering
B.Ch.E. University of Delaware, 1979
Ph.D. University of Illinois, 1984
mjm@nd.edu 219-631-7146

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ChEg curriculum and


Transport Phenomena

DEPARTMENTOFCHEMICALENGINEERING
UNDERGRADUATECURRICULUM
CLASSOF2000FIRSTCLASSTOFOLLOWTHISCURRICULUM

FIRSTYEAR

FirstSemester

MATH125,CalculusI
4
MATH126,CalculusII
4
CHEM115,GenChemI
3
CHEM116,GenChemII
3
PHYS127,GenPhysI
3.5
CHEM116L,GenChemLab
1
ArtsandLettersI/EG120 3
PHYS128,GenPhysII
3.5
ENGL110/Univ.Sem.180(A&LII)
3
ArtsandLettersI/EG120
PhysicalEducation
_0_
Univ.Sem180/ENG110(A&L,III)
16.5
PhysicalEducation
_0_
17.5

SOPHOMOREYEAR

FirstSemester

MATH225,CalculusIII
3.5
CHEM223,OrgChemI
3
CHEM223L,OrganicChemLabI
PHYS229,GenPhysIII
3.5
CHEG255,IntroChemEng
ArtsandLettersIV
_3

Cr.

Cr.

SecondSemester Cr.

3
3

SecondSemester Cr.
MATH228,CalculusIV
3.5
CHEM224,OrgChemII
3
1
ArtsandLettersV
CHEG258,ComputerMtds
3
3
CHEG327,ThermoI
___
1715.5

3
3

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ChEg curriculum and


Transport Phenomena

JUNIORYEAR

FirstSemester

MATH325,DiffEqns
3
CHEM333,AnalyticalChem
CHEM333L,AnalyticalChemLab
ArtsandLettersVI
3
CHEG343,ThermoII
3
CHEG355,TransportPhenI
16

Cr.

SecondSemester

Cr.

CHEM324,PhysicalChem
3
2
CHEG356,TransportPhenII 3
2
CHEG225,Materials 3
CHEG358,ChemEngLabI
3
Elective 3
3
ArtsandLettersVII _3
18

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ChEg curriculum and


Transport Phenomena

SENIORYEAR

FirstSemester

CHEG438,ChemProcControl
CHEG459,ChemEngLabII
CHEG443,SeparationProc 3
CHEG445,ChemRxnEng 3
ENG/#AdvancedScienceelective3
ArtsandLettersVIII
_3
18

Cr.

SecondSemester

Cr.

3
CHEG448,ProcDesign
3
3
ENG/#AdvancedScienceelective 3
ChemicalEngineeringElective 3
*TechnicalElective 3
Elective _3_
15

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Niche for Chemical


Engineers
in Fluid Mechanics
Hard problems involved detailed
phenomena that act on a small scale but
influence the large scale
Also systems with mass transfer and/or
chemical reaction occurring

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Examples

Drug delivery patches


Flow around and into cancerous tumors
Heart - Lung Machine
High density integrated circuit chips

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Brain Cancer implantable


patch

http://www.guilfordpharm.com/fs_products_f.htm
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Transdermal glucose monitor

http://www.techchem.com/2000nonevasi.html
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Heart-Lung Machine

http://www.steeledesigns.com/gallrey3.html

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1000 Gallon reactoron its side!

http://www.arnoldeqp.com/2312.htm

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SHANGHAI OIL REFINERY

http://www.luboil.com/brief/brief.html

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Dramatic picture of a
refinery

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Large distillation tower

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Chemical Process equipment


Catalytic cracking unit

FromChemicalEngineeringEducation,2000
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Structure of flowing fluids


Gasliquidflowinapipe

QuickTime and a
Video decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

MoviesfromNASALewis,seemjmhomepageformoreinfo
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Structure of flowing fluids


Gasliquidflowinapipe

QuickTime and a
Video decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

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Structure of flowing fluids


Gasliquidflowinapipe

QuickTime and a
Video decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

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17/19

Structure of flowing fluids


Gasliquidflowinapipe

QuickTime and a
Video decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

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Structure of flowing fluids


Interfacialwavesgeneratedbyashearinggasflow

W.C.Kuru
mjmResearch
group

QuickTime and a
Video decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

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Interesting fluid flow phenomena


Bands of different size particles
forming in a rotating tube

PhysicsFluids
2000,etal.and
Acrivos
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Interesting fluid flow phenomena


Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability
(A jet flowing into a stationary fluid)

QuickTime and a
decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

Nextfewmoviesfrom:http://www.itsc.com/movies/
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Interesting fluid flow phenomena


Rayleigh-Benard instability
Top wall is cooled causing fluid flow

QuickTime and a
Video decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

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Interesting fluid flow phenomena


A buoyant jet

QuickTime and a
Video decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

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Interesting fluid flow phenomena


Rayleigh -Taylor Instability
Hot fluid below cool fluid
QuickTime and a
Video decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

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Favorite quotes
Sufficiently advanced technology is
indistinguishable from magic
An engineer can always befuddle a financial
person with technology, but a financial
person can never over whelm an engineer
with numbers

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Favorite quotes

The more you know, the better engineer


you will be!
I knew then as I can confirm now, nothing
would ever be as hard to understand as
transport phenomena and the NavierStokes equations. I was never again
intimidated by quantitative problems and I
appreciated the need to formulate simpler
problems that gave useful results.

mjm@nd.edu
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Favorite quotes
The history of modern science has shown repeatedly that a
quantitative description of nature can often be achieved most
successfully by first idealizing natural phenomena, i.e. by
setting up a simplified model, either physical or mathematical,
which crudely describes the essential behavior while neglecting
details.
(In fact, one of the outstanding characteristics of great
contributors to modern science has been their ability to
distinguish between what is essential from what is incidental) ........"

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Who said them


A top design engineer from DuPont
A CEO of a steel company
One of the most influential chemical
engineering professors of all time
A top research/technology engineer from
Shell
An ND Cheg Alum who is a VP for General
Mills

mjm@nd.edu
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Conclusions
Fluid mechanics is fun!
The niche for chemical engineers is
understanding the effects of small scale
phenomena that cause large scale outcomes
This course possesses great depth and
should be useful to your educational
development even if you do not use it day
to for a living

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29/19