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Coordinates:17.366N78.475E

Telangana
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Telangana( i /tlnn/)isastateinSouthIndia
andoneofthe29statesinIndia.Itwasformedon2
June2014withthecityofHyderabadasitscapital.[3]
TelanganaisborderedbythestatesofMaharashtrato
thenorthandNorthwest,ChhattisgarhtotheNorth,
Karnatakatothewest,andAndhraPradeshtotheeast
andsouth.[4]Telanganahasanareaof114,840square
kilometres(44,340sqmi),andapopulationof
35,193,978(2011census).[5]makingitthetwelfth
largeststateinIndia,andthetwelfthmostpopulated
stateinIndia,ItsmajorcitiesincludeHyderabad,
Warangal,Nizamabad,andKarimnagar.

Telangana

TelanganaacquireditsidentityastheTelugu
speakingregionoftheprincelystateofHyderabad,
ruledbytheNizamofHyderabad,[6]joiningthe
UnionofIndiain1948.In1956,theHyderabadstate
wasdissolvedaspartofthelinguisticreorganisation
ofstatesandTelanganawasmergedwithformer
AndhraStatetoformAndhraPradesh.Followinga
popularmovementforseparation,itwasawarded
separatestatehoodon2June2014.Hyderabadwill
continuetoserveasthejointcapitalcityforAndhra
PradeshandTelanganaforaperiodofnotmorethan
tenyears.

Contents
1 Etymology
2 History

MontageofTelangana.
Sidewisefromtopleft:Charminar,WarangalFort,
Hyderabadcityview,Nizamabadrailwaystation,
KuntalaWaterfalls,FalaknumaPalace

2.1 Earlyhistory
2.2 KakatiyaDynasty

2.3 QutbShahiandAsafJahi's
2.4 Postindependence
2.5 TelanganaRebellion
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telangana

Seal

Anthem:"JayaJayaHeTelanganaJanani
Jayakethanam"
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3 StatesReorganisationCommission
3.1 Telanganamovement
3.2 FormationofTelanganastatein
2014

4 Geography
4.1 Climate
4.2 Ecology
4.2.1 NationalParksand
Sanctuaries
5 Governmentandpolitics

LocationofTelangana(markedinred)inIndia

Coordinates(Hyderabad):17.366N78.475E

6 Demographics

Country
Region

India
SouthIndia

7 Economy

Established

2June2014

Capital

Hyderabad
Hyderabad
10

7.1 Agriculture
7.2 Industries
7.3 Tourism
7.4 Awards
8 Infrastructure
8.1 Power
8.2 Transport
8.2.1 Roads

Largestcity
Districts
Government
Governor
Chiefminister
Legislature
LokSabha
constituencies
HighCourt
Area[1]
Total
Arearank

8.2.2 Railways
8.2.3 Airports
9 Culture
9.1 Monuments
9.2 Religioustourism
9.3 Waterfalls
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telangana

E.S.L.Narasimhan(tamilnadu)
KalvakuntlaChandrashekarRao
((TRS))
Bicameral(119+40seats)
17
HighCourtofJudicatureat
Hyderabad
114,840km2(44,340sqmi)
12th

Population(2011)[1]
Total
35,193,978
Rank
12th
Density
307/km2(800/sqmi)
Demonym(s)

Telanganite

Timezone
ISO3166code
Vehicle
registration

IST(UTC+05:30)
INTG
TS[2]

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10 Education
11 Sports
12 Seealso

Literacy
Officiallanguage

66.46%
Telugu,Urdu

Website

telangana.gov.in
(http://www.telangana.gov.in/)

^TemporaryJointCapitalwithAndhraPradesh

13 References
14 Furtherreading
15 Externallinks

Etymology

SymbolsofTelangana
Emblem
Language
Song
Animal
Bird
Flower
Fruit
Tree
Sport

ThenameTelanganaisderivedfromtheword
Trilinga,asintheTrilingaDesa,whichtranslatesto
"thecountryofthethreelingas".Accordingtoa
Hindulegend,Shivadescendedinthelingamformonthree
mountains,Kaleshwaram,SrisailamandDraksharama,which
markedtheboundariesoftheTrilingadesa,latercalledTelinga,
TelungaorTelugu.[7][8]

Theword"Telinga"changedovertimeto"Telangana"andthename
"Telangana"wasdesignatedtodistinguishthepredominantly
TeluguspeakingregionoftheerstwhileHyderabadStatefromits
predominantlyMarathispeakingone,Marathwada.AfterAsafJahis
soldand/orcededtheSeemandhraregiontotheBritish,therestof
theTeluguregionretainedthenameTelingaandtheotherparts
werecalledMadrasPresidency'sCircarsandCeded.[9]

KakatiyaToranam,Charminar
TeluguandUrdu
JayaJayaHeTelanganaJanani
Jayakethanam
Spotteddeer
Palapitta
Tangedupuvvu
Mango
Jammitree
Kabaddi

Hyderabadstatein1909

OneoftheearliestusesofawordsimilartoTelanganacanalsobeseeninanameofMalikMaqbul(14th
centuryCE),whowascalledtheTilangani,whichimpliesthathewasfromTilangana.Hewasthe
commanderoftheWarangalFort(KatakaPludu).[10]

History
Duringitshistory,Telanganawasgovernedbymanyrulers,includingtheSatavahanadynasty(230BCEto
220CE),theTelingaKakatiyaDynasty(10831323),theMusunuriNayaks(13261356)theDelhi
Sultanate,theBahmaniSultanate(13471509)andVijayanagaraEmpire(15091529).Later,the
TelanganaregionbecamepartoftheGolcondaSultanate(15291687).

Earlyhistory

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TheSatavahanadynasty(230BCEto220CE)becamethedominantpowerinthisregion.Itoriginated
fromthelandsbetweentheGodavariandKrishnariversandwasbasedatAmaravathiand
Dharanikota.[11][12]AfterthedeclineoftheSatavahanas,variousdynasties,suchastheVakataka,
Vishnukundina,Chalukya,RashtrakutaandWesternChalukya,ruledthearea.[13]

KakatiyaDynasty
TheTelanganaareaexperienceditsgoldenageduringthereignof
theKakatiyadynasty,whichruledmostpartsofthepresentday
AndhraPradeshandTelanganafrom1083to1323CE.[13]Rudrama
DeviandPrataparudraIIwereprominentrulersfromtheKakatiya
dynasty.ThedynastyweakenedwiththeattackofMalikKafurin
1309andwasdissolvedafterthedefeatofPrataparudrabythe
forcesofMuhammadbinTughluqin1323.[14][15]

QutbShahiandAsafJahi's
TheareacameundertheruleoftheDelhiSultanateinthe14th
century,followedbytheBahmaniSultanate.QuliQutbMulk,a
governorofGolkonda,revoltedagainsttheBahmaniSultanateand
establishedtheQutbShahidynastyin1518.On21September1687,
theGolkondaSultanatecameundertheruleoftheMughalemperor
AurangzebafterayearlongsiegeoftheGolkondafort.[16]
In1712,QamaruddinKhanwasappointedbyemperor
FarrukhsiyarastheviceroyofDeccanwiththetitleNizamulMulk
(meaning"AdministratoroftheRealm").Hewaslaterrecalledto
Delhi,withMubarizKhanappointedastheviceroy.In1724,
QamaruddinKhandefeatedMubarizKhantoreclaimtheDeccan
suba,establishingitasanautonomousprovinceoftheMughal
empire.HetookthenameAsifJah,startingwhatcametobeknown
astheAsifJahidynasty.[13]HenamedtheareaHyderabadDeccan.
SubsequentrulersretainedthetitleNizamulMulkandwerecalled
AsifJahinizamsornizamsofHyderabad.TheMedakandWarangal
divisionsofTelanganawerepartoftheirrealm.[17]

RamagirifortruinsatKalvacherlain
Karimnagardistrictisanancientfort
initiallybuiltbytheSathavahanasand
modifiedmanytimesbyother
dynastiestill16thcentury

Kotagullu,templeruinsbuiltinthe
12thcenturybyKakatiyasat
Ghanpur,Muluginwarangaldistrict

WhenAsifJahIdiedin1748,therewaspoliticalunrestduetocontentionforthethroneamonghissons,
whowereaidedbyopportunisticneighbouringstatesandcolonialforeignforces.In1769,Hyderabadcity
becametheformalcapitalofthenizams.ThenizamNasiruddawlah,AsafJahIVsignedtheSubsidiary
AlliancewiththeBritishin1799andlostitscontroloverthestate'sdefenceandforeignaffairs.Hyderabad
StatebecameaprincelystateamongthepresidenciesandprovincesofBritishIndia.[17]

Postindependence

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WhenIndiabecameindependentfromtheBritishEmpirein1947,
thenizamofHyderabaddidnotwanttomergewiththeIndian
Unionandwantedtoremainindependent.TheGovernmentofIndia
annexedHyderabadStateon17September1948afteramilitary
operationcalledOperationPolo.[13]Itappointedacivilservant,
M.K.Vellodi,asfirstchiefministerofHyderabadStateon26
January1950.[18]HeadministeredthestatewiththehelpofEnglish
educatedbureaucratsfromtheMadrasandBombaystates,who
werefamiliarwithBritishsystemsofadministrationunlikethe
bureaucratsofHyderabadstatewhousedacompletelydifferent
administrativesystem.Theofficiallanguageofthestatewas
switchedfromUrdutoEnglish.

A14thcenturyfortruinsat
RachakondainNalgondadistrict

In1952,Dr.BurgulaRamakrishnaRaowaselectedchiefministerof
theHyderabadStateinitsfirstdemocraticelection.Duringthis
time,therewereviolentagitationsbysomeTelanganitestosendthe
Madrasstatebureaucratsbackandimplementarulebythenatives
(mulkis)ofHyderabad.[19]

TelanganaRebellion
TheTelanganaRebellionwasapeasantrevoltsupportedbythe
communists.ItoriginatedintheTelanganaregionsofthe
Hyderabadstatebetween1946and1951,ledbytheCommunist
PartyofIndia(CPI).[20]
TherevoltbeganintheNalgondadistrictagainstthefeudallordsof
ReddyandVelamacastes.ItquicklyspreadtotheWarangaland
CharminarinHyderabad
Bidardistricts.Peasantfarmersandlabourersrevoltedagainstthe
localfeudallandlords(jagirdarsanddeshmukhs)andlateragainst
thenizamOsmanAliKhan.TheviolentphaseofthemovementendedaftertheGovernmentofIndia's
Operationpolo.[21]Startingin1951,theCPIshiftedtoamoremoderatestrategyofseekingtobring
communismtoIndiawithintheframeworkofIndiandemocracy.[22]

StatesReorganisationCommission
InDecember1953,theStatesReorganisationCommission(SRC)wasappointedtoformstatesona
linguisticbasis.[23]AnagreementwasreachedbetweenTelanganaleadersandAndhraleaderson20
February1956tomergeTelanganaandAndhrawithpromisestosafeguardTelangana'sinterests.[24]After
reorganisationin1956,theregionofTelanganawasmergedwithAndhraStatetoformAndhraPradesh.
FollowingthisGentlemen'sagreement,thecentralgovernmentestablishedtheunifiedstateofAndhra
Pradeshon1November1956.[25][26][27]G.O553of1959fromtheunitedAndhraPradeshstatemovedtwo
revenuedivisionsofBhadrachalamfromEastGodavariandAswaraopetafromWestGodavarito
Khammamforadministrativeconvenience.
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Telanganamovement
Therehavebeenseveralmovementstorevokethemergerof
TelanganaandAndhra,majoronesoccurringin1969,1972,and
2009.ThemovementforanewstateofTelanganagained
momentumoverthedecades.[28]On9December2009the
GovernmentofIndiaannouncedtheprocessofformationofthe
Telanganastate.ViolentprotestsledbypeopleintheCoastal
AndhraandRayalseemaregionsoccurredimmediatelyafterthe
announcement,andthedecisionwasputonholdon23December
2009.
ThemovementcontinuedinHyderabadandotherdistrictsof
Telangana.[29]Therehavebeenhundredsofclaimedsuicides,[30]
strikes,protestsanddisturbancestopubliclifedemandingseparate
statehood.

FormationofTelanganastatein2014

Telanganawastheseatofnumerous
dynasties.ChowmahallaPalacewas
hometothenizamsofHyderabad.

On30July2013,theCongressWorkingCommitteeunanimously
passedaresolutiontorecommendtheformationofaseparateTelanganastate.Aftervariousstagesthebill
wasplacedintheParliamentinFebruary2014.[31]InFebruary2014,AndhraPradeshReorganisationAct,
2014billwaspassedbytheParliamentofIndiafortheformationofTelanganastatecomprisingtendistricts
fromnorthwesternAndhraPradesh.[32]ThebillreceivedtheassentofthePresidentandpublishedinthe
Gazetteon1March2014.[33]
ThestateofTelanganawasofficiallyformedon2June2014.KalvakuntlaChandrashekarRaowaselected
asthefirstchiefministerofTelangana,followingelectionsinwhichtheTelanganaRashtraSamitiparty
securedmajority.[34]HyderabadwillremainasthejointcapitalofbothTelanganaandAndhraPradeshfora
periodof10years.[35]

Geography
TelanganaissituatedontheDeccanPlateau,inthecentralstretchoftheeasternseaboardoftheIndian
Peninsula.Itcovers114,840squarekilometres(44,340sqmi).Theregionisdrainedbytwomajorrivers,
withabout79%oftheGodavariRivercatchmentareaandabout69%oftheKrishnaRivercatchmentarea,
butmostofthelandisarid.[4]TelanganaisalsodrainedbyseveralminorriverssuchastheBhima,the
ManjiraandtheMusi.
Theannualrainfallisbetween900to1500mminnorthernTelanganaand700to900mminsouthern
Telangana,fromthesouthwestmonsoons.Varioussoiltypesabound,includingchalkas,redsandysoils,
dubbas,deepredloamysoils,andverydeepblackcottonsoilsthatfacilitateplantingmangoes,oranges
andflowers.[36]

Climate
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Telanganaisasemiaridareaandhasapredominantlyhotanddry
climate.SummersstartinMarch,andpeakinMaywithaverage
hightemperaturesinthe42C(108F)range.Themonsoonarrives
inJuneandlastsuntilSeptemberwithabout755mm(29.7inches)
ofprecipitation.Adry,mildwinterstartsinlateNovemberandlasts
untilearlyFebruarywithlittlehumidityandaveragetemperaturesin
the2223C(7273F)range.

Ecology
TheCentralDeccanPlateaudrydeciduousforestsecoregioncovers
muchofthestate,includingHyderabad.Thecharacteristic
vegetationiswoodlandsofHardwickiabinataandAlbiziaamara.
Over80%oftheoriginalforestcoverhasbeenclearedfor
agriculture,timberharvesting,orcattlegrazing,butlargeblocksof
forestcanbefoundinNagarjunsagarSrisailamTigerReserveand
elsewhere.[37]ThemorehumidEasternHighlandsmoistdeciduous
forestscovertheEasternGhatsintheeasternpartofthestate.

AndhraPradeshandTelanganaTopo
Map

NationalParksandSanctuaries
TelanganahasthreeNationalParks:KasuBrahmanandaReddy
NationalParkinHyderabaddistrict,andMahavirHarinaVanasthali
NationalParkandMrugavaniNationalParkinRangaReddy
district.

Telanganaatthetimeofformationon
June022014

WildlifeSanctuariesinTelanganaincludeEturunagaramWildlife
SanctuaryandPakhalWildlifeSanctuaryinWarangalDistrict,
KawalTigerReserveandPranahitaWildlifeSanctuaryinAdilabad
district,KinnerasaniWildlifeSanctuaryinKhammamdistrict,
ManjiraWildlifeSanctuaryinMedakdistrict,Nagarjunsagar
SrisailamTigerReserveinNalgondaandMahbubnagardistricts,
PocharamWildlifeSanctuaryinMedakandNizamabaddistricts,
ShivaramWildlifeSanctuaryinKarimnagardistrict.
Indianpeafowl(Pavocristatus)near
Sacredgrovesaresmallareasofforestpreservedbylocalpeople.
Hyderabad
Sacredgrovesprovidesanctuarytothelocalfloraandfauna.Some
areincludedwithinotherprotectedareas,likeKadalivanamin
NagarjunsagarSrisailamTigerReserve,butmoststandalone.Thereare65sacredgrovesTelanganatwo
inAdilabaddistrict,thirteeninHyderabaddistrict,fourinKarimnagardistrict,fourinKhammamdistrict,
nineinMahbubnagardistrict,fourinMedakdistrict,nineinNalgondadistrict,teninRangaReddydistrict,
andthreeinWarangaldistrict.[38]

Governmentandpolitics

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Telanganaisgovernedthroughaparliamentarysystemof
representativedemocracy,afeaturethestateshareswithother
Indianstates.Universalsuffrageisgrantedtoresidents.Thereare
threebranchesofgovernment.
1. ExecutiveauthorityisvestedintheCouncilofMinisters
headedbytheChiefMinister,althoughthetitularheadof
governmentistheGovernor.TheGovernoristheheadof
stateappointedbythePresidentofIndia.Theleaderofthe
partyorcoalitionwithamajorityintheLegislativeAssembly
isappointedastheChiefMinisterbytheGovernor,andthe
ViewofbouldersatKeesaragutta
CouncilofMinistersareappointedbytheGovernoronthe
adviceoftheChiefMinister.TheCouncilofMinistersreports
totheLegislativeAssembly.
2. Thelegislature,theTelanganaLegislativeAssemblyandtheTelanganaLegislativeCouncil,consists
ofelectedmembersandspecialofficebearerssuchastheSpeakerandDeputySpeaker,thatare
electedbythemembers.AssemblymeetingsarepresidedoverbytheSpeakerortheDeputySpeaker
intheSpeaker'sabsence.TheAssemblyisbicameralwith119MembersoftheLegislativeAssembly
and40MemberoftheLegislativeCouncil.Termsofofficerunfor5years,unlesstheAssemblyis
dissolvedpriortothecompletionoftheterm.TheLegislativeCouncilisapermanentbodywithone
thirdmembersretiringeverytwoyears.
3. ThejudiciaryiscomposedoftheHighCourtofJudicatureatHyderabadandasystemoflower
courts.
Auxiliaryauthoritiesknownaspanchayats,forwhichlocalbodyelectionsareregularlyheld,governlocal
affairs.ThestatecontributesseatstoLokSabha.
ThemainplayersintheregionalpoliticsaretheTelanganaRashtraSamithi,TeluguDesamPartyand
IndianNationalCongress.FollowingtheTelanganaLegislativeAssemblyElectionin2014,theTelangana
RashtraSamithiunderKalvakuntlaChandrashekarRaowaselectedtopower.

Demographics
AccordingtotheBackwardRegionsGrantFund
Programme200910,Thereare9backwarddistricts(all
exceptHyderabad)fromTelanganaandtherestarefrom
otherregions.[40]
ThereligiousmakeupofTelanganais86%Hindu,12.4%
Muslim,and1.4%Christian,and0.4%others.[41][42]

ReligioninTelangana[39]
Religion

Hinduism
Islam
Christianity
Others

Percent

85.09%
12.68%
1.3%
0.9%

About77%ofthepopulationofTelanganaspeakTelugu,12%speakUrdu,and13%speakother
languages.[43][44]Before1948,UrduwastheofficiallanguageofHyderabadState,andduetoalackof
Telugulanguageeducationalinstitutions,UrduwasthelanguageoftheeducatedeliteofTelangana.After
1948,onceHyderabadStatejoinedthenewRepublicofIndia,Telugubecamethelanguageofgovernment,
andasTeluguwasintroducedasthemediumofinstructioninschoolsandcolleges,theuseofUrduamong
nonMuslimsdecreased.[45]
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Accordingtothe2011census,Telangana'sliteracyrateis66.46%.Maleliteracyandfemaleliteracyare
74.95%and57.92%respectively.[1]Hyderabaddistrictleadingwith80.96%andMahabubnagardistrictat
thebottomwith56.06%.[46]

Economy
TheEconomyofTelanganaismainlydrivenbyagriculture.Two
importantriversofIndia,theGodavariandKrishna,flowthrough
thestate,providingirrigation.FarmersinTelanganamainlydepend
onrainfedwatersourcesforirrigation.Riceisthemajorfoodcrop.
Otherimportantcropsarecotton,sugarcane,mangoandtobacco.
Recently,cropsusedforvegetableoilproductionsuchassunflower
andpeanutshavegainedfavour.Therearemanymultistate
irrigationprojectsindevelopment,includingGodavariRiverBasin
IrrigationProjectsandNagarjunaSagarDam,theworld'shighest
masonrydam.[47][48]
Thestatehasalsostartedtofocusonthefieldsofinformation
technologyandbiotechnology.TelanganaisoneoftopITexporting
statesofIndia.Thereare68SpecialEconomicZonesinthestate.[49]

CoalHandlingRopewaynear
Aswapuram,Khammamdistrict

Telanganaisamineralrichstate,withcoalreservesatSingareniColleries.[50]

Agriculture
Riceisthemajorfoodcropandstaplefoodofthestate.Other
importantcropsaremaize,tobacco,mango,cottonandsugar
cane.[51]Agriculturehasbeenthechiefsourceofincomeforthe
state'seconomy.ImportantriversofIndia,theGodavari,Krishna
flowthroughthestate,providingirrigation.Apartfrommajorrivers,
therearesmallriversasTungaBhadra,Bima,Dindi,Kinnerasani,
Manjeera,Manair,Penganga,Pranahitha,peddavaguand
Taliperu.Therearemanymultistateirrigationprojectsin
development,includingGodavariRiverBasinIrrigationProjects
andNagarjunaSagarDam,theworld'shighestmasonrydam.[52]

PaddyfieldsinWarangaldistrict

AgriExportZonesforthefollowingproduceareproposedattheplacesmentionedagainstthem:
GherkinsMahabubnagar,Rangareddy,Medak,Karimnagar,Warangal
MangoesandgrapesHyderabad,Rangareddy,Medak,Mahabubnagar

Industries
SeveralmajormanufacturingandservicesindustriesareinoperationmainlyaroundHyderabad.
Automobilesandautocomponentsindustry,spices,minesandminerals,textilesandapparels,
pharmaceutical,horticulture,poultryfarmingarethemainindustriesinTelangana.[53]Intermsofservices,
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HyderabadisusuallynicknamedasCyberabadduetoits
informationtechnologyforayandlocationofmajorsoftware
industriesinthecity.[54][55]Priortosecession,itcontributed15%to
India'sand98%toAndhraPradesh'sexportsinITandITESsectors
last2013[56]WithHyderabadasinthefrontlineofTelangana'saims
topromoteinformationtechnologyinIndia,thecityboaststhe
HITECCityasitspremierhub.
ThestategovernmentisintheprocessofdevelopingIndustrial
Parksatdifferentplaces,forspecificgroupsofindustries.The
existingparksareSoftwareParkatHyderabad,HITECCityfor
softwareunits,ApparelParkatGundlapochampalli,Export
PromotionParkatPashamylaram,Biotechnologyparkat
Turkapally.

TheHITECCityisamajorIThubof
Hyderabad

Hyderabadisalsoamajorsiteforhealthcarerelatedindustriesincludinghospitalsandpharmaceutical
organizationssuchasNizam'sInstituteofMedicalSciences,YashodaHospitals,LVPrasadEyeCare,Akruti
Instituteofcosmeticandplasticsurgery,FeverHospital,DurgabaiDeshmukh,ContinentalHospitals,Apollo
Hospitals,andDr.Reddy'sLaboratories.Inaddition,Hyderabadbasedhealthcarenonprofitsincludethe
IndianHeartAssociation,acardiovasculardiseaseNGO.[57]

Tourism
TelanganaStateTourismDevelopmentCorporation(TSTDC)isastategovernmentagencywhich
promotestourisminTelangana.[58]Telanganahasavarietyoftouristattractionsincludinghistoricalplaces,
monuments,forts,waterfalls,forestsandtemples.

Awards
TelanganastatehaswonCNBCTV18PromisingStateoftheYearAwardfortheyearof2015.TheJury
fortheIndiaBusinessLeaderAwards(IBLA)hascollectivelychosenTelanganafortheaward.[59][60]

Infrastructure
Power
HydelandthermalpowerprojectsinthestatemeetsthepowerrequirementsoftheState.Numberofnew
powerprojectsarecomingupintheStatewhichisexpectedtogenerateadditionalpowercapacityinthe
state.

Transport
Thestateiswellconnectedwithotherstatesbymeansofroad,railandairways.
Roads
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TheTelanganaStateRoadTransportCorporation(TSRTC)isthe
majorpublictransportcorporationthatconnectsallthecitiesand
villages.[61]MahatmaGandhiBusStation(M.G.B.S)inHyderabad
isoneofthelargestbusstandinAsia.[62][63]JubileeBusStationin
Secunderabadservesintercitybusservices.Asia'sbiggestInterCity
BusTerminal(ICBT)isbeingbuiltinMiyapur(Hyderabad),which
wouldhousenearly200busbaysandforparkingnearly1,000
buses.[64]
Railways

RamagundamThermalPowerstation
inKarimnagardistrict

Thehistoryofrailwaysinthisregiondatesbacktothetimeof
nizamofHyderabadin1874.[65]Itoperatesundertheauspicesof
theSouthCentralRailwayfoundedin1966.Thelandmarkbuilding
RailNilayaminSecunderabadistheZonalHeadquarterofficeof
SouthCentralRailway.SecunderabadandHyderabadarethemain
divisionsofSouthCentralRailwaythatfallinthestate.[66]
Airports
RajivGandhiInternationalAirportatShamshabadisan
internationalairportservingthecityofHyderabad.Itisthelargest
airportinthestateandoneofthebusiestairportsinthecountry.The
governmenthasplanstoupgradeWarangalAirport,Nizamabad
Airport[67]andRamagundamAirportItalsoplanstoconstruct
airportsinKarimnagarandKothagudem.[68]Warangalhasa
domesticairportinMamunooruwhichwasestablishedintheyear
1930duringNizamperiod.AlltheexportsandimportsofAzam
JahiMills,WarangalweredonethroughtheWarangalAirport.

HyderabadOuterRingRoad(Nehru
ORR)

Culture
TelanganaculturecombinesculturalcustomsfromPersian
traditions,embeddedduringruleoftheregionbytheMoghuls,
QutubShahisandNizams,withprominentandpredominantlysouth
Indiantraditionsandcustoms.TheStatehasarichtraditionin
classicalmusic,paintingandfolkartssuchasBurrakatha,shadow
puppetshow,andperiniShivaTandavam,GusadiDance,Kolatam.

Secunderabadrailwaystation,avery
busyrailwayjunctioninIndiaand
headquartersofSouthCentral
Railway

Monuments
Charminar,GolcondaFort,QutbShahiTombs,ChowmahallaPalace,FalaknumaPalace,BirlaMandirand
BhongirFort,WarangalFortaresomeofthemonumentsinandaroundHyderabad.

Religioustourism
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BhadrachalamTempleisatempletoLordRamainthetownof
BhadrachalaminKhammamdistrict.
GnanaSaraswatiTempleisatempletoSaraswatigoddessinthetown
ofBasarinAdilabaddistrict.
BadapahaddargahisoneoftheoldestMuslimpilgrimcenters,built
inthememoryofHazratSyedHussaini,builtontopofahillock,
locatedatadistanceof38kmfromNizamabad.
Jogulambatemple,Alampur(alsoknownasDakshinaKashior
NavabrahmeshwaraTheertha)afamoustemplelocatedinMahabub
nagarDist.Jogulamba(alsoknownasYogulamba/Yogamba)isone
oftheeighteenShaktipeethas)
YadagiriguttaTempleafamoustemplelocatedinNalgondaDistrict,only
46kmfromHyderabad.
KeesaraguttaRamalingeshwaraSwamytempleisveryfamous.
Shivratriisverywellcelebratedeveryyear.
KakatiyaKalaThoranam,
Pillalamarri,an800yearoldbanyantreelocatedinMahabubnagar.
Warangal
RamappaTemplewithunbelievablearchitectureislocatednear
Muluguwhichis70kmawayfromWarangal
VemulawadaSriRajaRajeswaraSwamitempleisaveryfamoustemplealsocalledasDakhshina
(South)Kasi.Thistemplewasbuiltby
Chalukyakingsbetweenthe750ADand973ADThistownisverybusyandvisitedbydevoteesfromall
overthestatefortheShivratrifestivaleveryyear.Therearefewotherveryoldandhistorictemplesinthe
townofVemulawada,KarimnagarDistrict.
WarangalTheThousandPillarTemple,builtbytheKakatiyadynasty,isoneoftheoldesttemples
ofSouthIndia.
HyderabadSeveralwellknownMosquesbuiltbyQutubShahisexist
Otherreligiousplacesinclude,MedakCathedralatMedak,BuddhistcentresatNelakondapalli,Dhulikatta
PhanigiriandKolanpaka.[69]

Waterfalls
KuntalaWaterfalllocatedinKuntala,Adilabaddistrict,at45metres
(148ft),isthebiggestinthestate.
BogathaWaterfalliswaterfalllocatedinKoyaveerapuramG,
WazeeduMandal,Khammamdistrict,Telangana.Itislocated
120kmfromBhadrachalam,140kmawayfromWarangaland
329kmfromHyderabad.
SavatulaGundamWaterfallsareoneofthemanywaterfallslocated
inAdilabaddistrict,Telangana,India.Theyarelocated30
kilometres(19mi)fromAsifabadand350kilometres(220mi)from
Hyderabad,thestatecapital.

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Education
Telanganahasmultipleinstitutesofhighereducationuniversitiesalongwithnumerousprimaryand
secondaryschools.Thestateishometoanumberofinstitutes,whichimparthighereducation.The
DepartmentofHigherEducationdealswithmattersrelatingtoeducationatvariouslevelsintheStateof
Telangana
TheGovernmenthasestablishedRajivGandhiUniversityof
KnowledgeTechnologies(RGUKT)in2008tocatertothe
educationalneedsofthegiftedruralyouthofTelangana.[70]The
highereducationincludesmanycolleges,universitiesandresearch
institutesprovidingprofessionaleducationinthefieldsofarts,
humanities,science,engineering,law,medicine,business,and
veterinarysciences,withundergraduateandpostgraduation.

Sports

NITWarangalmaingate

TheHyderabadcricketteamisrepresentedintheRanjiTrophyand
hadwontwice.TheRajivGandhiInternationalCricketStadiumis
thehomegroundofHyderabadcricketteam.Ithostsinternationalas
wellasdomesticmatches.TheSunrisersHyderabad,anIndian
PremierLeaguefranchise,isbasedinHyderabad.
NotablesportspersonsfromthestateareMohammadAzharuddin,
V.V.S.Laxman,MithaliRaj,SainaNehwal,P.V.Sindhu,Jwala
GuttaandGaganNarang,aswellasSaniaMirzawhohasbeen
appointedasthe"brandambassador"ofTelangana.
OtherstadiumsincludeGachibowliAthleticStadiumandG.M.C.
BalayogiAthleticStadium.

RajivGandhiInternationalCricket
Stadium

Seealso
JayaJayaHeTelangana
TelanganaLanguageDay
TemplesofTelangana
MosquesofTelangana
ListofTelanganapeople

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Furtherreading
"Regionalism".India:Acountrystudy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telangana

Wikisourcehasoriginal
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TelanganaWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

textrelatedtothisarticle:
(http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gdc/cntrystd.in).FederalResearch
IndiaStates
DivisionoftheLibraryofCongressoftheUSA(September
Reorganisation
1995).(Directlink(http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgibin/query/r?
CommissionReport
frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+in0075).)
TelanganaAndhra
VirendraKumar(1975)."CommitteeonTelanganasurpluses,
1969ReportbyJusticeBhargava".Committeesand
commissionsinIndia,194719739.NewDelhi:D.K.PublishingHouse.p.175.ISBN8170221978.
RetrievedDecember2013.
SarojiniRegani(1986).NizamBritishRelations17241857.NewDelhi:ConceptPublishing
Company.ISBN8170221951.RetrievedDecember2013.
DuncanB.Forrester(Spring1970)."SubregionalisminIndia:TheCaseofTelangana".Pacific
Affairs(UniversityofBritishColumbia)43(1):521.doi:10.2307/2753831.JSTOR2753831.
KarenLeonard(May1971)."TheHyderabadPoliticalSystemanditsParticipants".TheJournalof
AsianStudies(AssociationforAsianStudies)30(3):569582.doi:10.1017/s0021911800154841.
JSTOR2052461.
"ReInventingTelanganaFirstStepsSocioEconomicOutlook2105"(PDF).PlanningDepartment,
GovtofTelangana.Retrieved24September2015.

Externallinks
OfficialTelanganaWebsite(http://www.telangana.gov.in/)
TelanganaMagazine(http://magazine.telangana.gov.in/)

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mediarelatedtoTelangana.

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