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NOW THINK!

RELATIVE CLAUSES ( Subordonnes Relatives)

Observe les noncs ci-dessous pour en dduire les rgles demploi:

Donald , who is staring at the water , is the central character.

Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997) was a famous American painter who took part
in the Pop art movement from the 1960s onwards . He is best-known today
as the man who turned Mickey Mouse into a masterpiece

The characters that / who (m)/ you can see in the background have been
omitted in RLs artwork .

In the early 1960s his work , which broke with Abstract Expressionism,
introduced a new concept of painting inspired by industrial printing processes
and subject matter which were taken from comic books and advertising
imagery. His palette,which was limited the three primary colors
and white, seemed to be broader thanks to the hand-painted dots.

This painting whose name is Look Mickey ! marks his initial employment of
Ben-Day dots which he used to give an industrial effect.

The first cartoon which / that / he painted was daring !

Its one of the most recognizable paintings that was ever painted by
artist.

the

This is Roys painting I was telling you about.

It is hard to imagine that such an image could have been so shocking at


the time when it was made.

I cant remember the name of the museum where /in which I saw Look
Mickey! , which is very annoying.

Dans chaque nonc, mets la proposition relative entre crochets , entoure en rouge le
pronom relatif et souligne en vert son antcdent . Puis complte le tableau cidessous avec les pronoms relatifs correspondants .

FONCTION DU RELATIF DANS


LA RELATIVE

ANTECEDENT Anim

Sujet

ANTECEDENT Inanim

Complment

Gnitif (dont)
the place ()

Adverbial

the time ()
the reason ()

On traduit par whose ou of which en anglais, uniquement


lorsquil y a une ide de .... sous-jacente.
Or, dont apparat en franais chaque fois que le verbe est suivi de la prposition
de et il nest pas toujours question de possession.
Ex : This is Roys painting

I was telling you about.

Dans ce cas, sil y a prposition en anglais, on la maintient du


verbe et on utilise pas de pronom relatif.
POUR REPRENDRE LA PROPOSITION QUI
PRECEDE

POUR ANNONCER QUELQUE CHOSE QUI VA ETRE


PRECISE

the thing that

Il existe deux types de relatives : Complte laide des mots

( essentielle, essentiel,

restrictive , non-dterminative , dterminative )

Si la relative est au sens , c'est--dire quelle permet didentifier llment


dont on parle, on dit quelle est . ou . Ces
relatives sont les plus frquentes. On emploie le plus souvent THAT et WHO . Ex :

Si la relative apporte une prcision accessoire, un dtail supplmentaire non


au sens , on dit que la relative est . Ces relatives se placent
gnralement entre virgules. On emploie les pronoms WHICH et WHO. Ex :

LETS PRACTISE !

Your TASk:

Connect the sentences using relative clauses so as to avoid


repetitions.

a- The painting Look Mickey was painted in 1961.


b- The painting was donated as a Gift of the Artist to the National Gallery of Art in
Washington DC.

a- I saw RLs Retrospective in 2013.


b- The Retrospective was held at Tate Modern in London.

a- The artist is one of the originators of this new pop movement.


b- His art tested the boundaries between art and everyday life

a- Roy Lichtenstein was a famous American pop art artist.


b- He was born in New York in 1923.
c- His legacy is impressive and unique.

a- He was fascinated by printed mass media such as newspaper advertising and


comic
book illustration.
b- Being fascinated by mass media was very unexpected at the time.

a- I met a curator at the national Gallery in DC.


b- The curator was quite enthusiastic about the artists works of art.

a- His wife will never forget the day.


b- His husband painted Look Mickey on that day.
c- Look Mickey marked a turning point in his career.

a- I told you about his paintings.


b- His paintings look like blown-up comic strips.
c- They surprised and shocked many viewers in the early 1960s.