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CIS 101 Research Report

Prepared For
David Kapamann

Prepared By
Brad Lovrien

April 21, 2010

When most people hear the word “Mechatronics,” they do not know what it in tells or

what it even means or stands for. But have you ever heard the expression “work smarter not

harder,” well that is the foundation of Mechatronics. Mechatronics integrates these four concepts

into one area of the field; Mechanical Systems, Electronic Systems, Computer Systems, and

Control Systems. Optical Systems is starting to find its way into the program or field also.

The History of Mechatronics

Mechatronics is all about synergy, which mean the whole, is greater than the parts. The

word Mechatronics was coined back in the late 60’s by a Japanese Engineer named Tetsura

Mori. Back in the late 1970’s Mechatronics slowly started to take off with the sophistication of

the automatic lens opener and the automatic focus for cameras. In the 1980’s with the

introduction of the microprocessor, Mechatronics integrated mechanical systems into the picture.

With the help of the microprocessors, Anti-lock brakes and electric seats were invented. In the

1990’s Mechatronics focused on the Communication system area of the field with the production

of the air bags. With the turn of the new millennium, Mechatronics has played a very big roll

with the introduction of robotics. With the use of robots and Mechatronics, the companies that

will use robots will get a more reliable and cost-effective product to the consumer.

Characteristics of a Mechatronics Engineer

A Mechatronics Engineer will need an undergraduate degree in engineering with

the focus on Mechatronics or a degree in Mechatronics. A Mechatronics Engineer is highly

motivated and is eager to learn all the time. You will always need to be getting re-licensed and

re-certified through the state you live in and remain nationally recognized as an engineer. An

engineer with a Mechatronics background designs mechanical devices that include electrical,

software and mechanical components. The combinations between the three key concepts are
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results of the development and design of Mechatronics or smart products. Mechatronics

Engineers also helps build and design systems with computers and electronics, with mechanical

engineering knowledge as the core, by bringing those components together to make them a

working system out of them.

“Engineers apply the principles of science and mathematics to develop economical solutions to technical
problems. Their work is the link between scientific discoveries and the commercial applications that meet
societal and consumer needs.”(

Examples of this are efficient washer machines, automated robotic assembly lines, and

stair climbing wheelchairs. But the most outstanding example of Mechatronics is the

development of NASA’s Mars Rover that is used to take samples of the ground on the planet


The Future of Mechatronics

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, over the next decade the Engineering field in

general has an 11 percent growth forecasted. Mechatronics Engineers is a fairly new area in

Engineering field, but people with a Mechatronics Degree can work in many different industrial

types including gas and oil, robotics, aerospace and aviation, automotive, transportation and

defense. Many Mechatronics Engineers have many academic subject skills that allow them to

take up any type of engineering positions.

“When it comes to Mechatronics, the sky is the limit as more and more ideas will be developed to improve
the way we live and do things. With the ever-changing needs and wants of a complex and sophisticated
world, innovations and technologies will have to improve and develop with the rapidly changing times. In
the future, Mechatronics will increasingly focus on safety, reliability and affordability.”

The client and market satisfactions should be the first goal of a Mechatronics engineer.

Engineers will do and use whatever it takes to produce the end results that the order and the

customer want and need. Remember Mechatronics should not change the design process of a

Brad Lovrien
product, but instead give that engineer a better knowledge so that different concepts can be made

from that previous product.

So if you feel you have what it takes to make a change in the way the world gets and

receives many different types of products and the way those products are used, then a degree in

Mechatronics is right for you.

Brad Lovrien

Todd Rohde, Yaskawa Electric America, Inc. “The Straight Dope on Mechatronics” WWW. “Mechatronics Career Overview.”

Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Nature of Work.”


Brad Lovrien
Brad Lovrien
CIS 101 9E

Salary Pay Per Job type

Job Types Lowest Pay Median Pay Highest Pay SALARY PAY PER JOB TYPE
Civil Engineers $ 48,140.00 $ 74,600.00 $ 115,630.00
Electrical Engineers $ 52,990.00 $ 82,160.00 $ 125,810.00 $150,000.00
Industrial Engineers $ 47,720.00 $ 73,820.00 $ 107,270.00
Mechanical Engineers $ 47,900.00 $ 74,920.00 $ 114,740.00 $120,000.00

$90,000.00 Lowest Pay

Source ->
Median Pay
Hourly Pay Per Job Type Highest Pay
Job Types Lowest Pay Median Pay Highest Pay $30,000.00
Civil Engineers $23.14 $35.87 $ 55.59
Electrical Engineers $25.48 $39.50 $ 60.49
Industrial Engineers $22.94 $35.49 $ 51.57
Mechanical Engineers $23.03 $36.02 $ 55.16 ENGINEERS ENGINEERS ENGINEERS ENGINEERS

Hourly Rate 2080

Projected Number of Jobs in the Market Between 2008-2018

Job Types Employed Number of Jobs Added Projected Jobs Projected Percentage
Civil Engineers 278,400 67,600 346,000 24%
Electrical Engineers 157,800 2,700 160,500 2%
Industrial Engineers 214,800 30,600 245,400 14%
Mechanical Engineers 238,700 14,400 253,100 6%


375,000 27%
300,000 21%
75,000 6%
0 0%
Brad Lovrien
CIS 101 9E

Salary Pay Per Job type

Job Types Lowest Pay Median Pay Highest Pay SALARY P AY P ER JOB TYPE
Civil Engineers 48140 74600 115630
Electrical Engineers 52990 82160 125810
Industrial Engineers 47720 73820 107270
Mechanical Engineers 47900 74920 114740

$90,000.00 Lowest Pay

Source ->
Median Pay
Hourly Pay Per Job Type Highest Pay
Job Types Lowest Pay Median Pay Highest Pay
Civil Engineers =B5/B$21 =C5/B$21 =D5/B$21
Electrical Engineers =B6/B$21 =C6/B$21 =D6/B$21
Industrial Engineers =B7/B$21 =C7/B$21 =D7/B$21
Mechanical Engineers =B8/B$21 =C8/B$21 =D8/B$21

Hourly Rate =40*52

Projected Number of Jobs in the Market Between 2008-2018

Job Types Employed Number of Jobs Added Projected Jobs Projected Percentage
Civil Engineers 278400 67600 =B27+C27 =C27/B27
Electrical Engineers 157800 2700 =B28+C28 =C28/B28
Industrial Engineers 214800 30600 =B29+C29 =C29/B29
Mechanical Engineers 238700 14400 =B30+C30 =C30/B30


375,000 27%
300,000 21%

75,000 6%
0 0%
Job Descriptions
Wednesday, February 10, 2010
7:16 PM
Engineers apply the principles of science A mechatronics engineer unites the principles of mechanics, electronics, Mechatronics is another way of saying "intelligent mechanical
and mathematics to develop economical and computing to generate a simpler, more economical and reliable systems" and it is the foundation of many 21st century enabling
solutions to technical problems. Their system. Mechatronics is centered on mechanics, electronics, computing, technologies. Mechatronics involves the integration of
work is the link between scientific mechanical and electrical systems with control systems and
control engineering, molecular engineering (from nanochemistry and
discoveries and the commercial information technology.
applications that meet societal and
biology) and optical engineering which, combined, make possible the
consumer needs. generation of simpler, more economical, reliable and versatile systems. The Pasted from <>
Many engineers develop new products. portmanteau "mechatronics" was coined by Tetsuro Mori, the senior
During the process, they consider several engineer of the Japanese company Yaskawa in 1969. An industrial robot is a
factors. For example, in developing an prime example of a mechatronics system; it includes aspects of electronics, The group has developed mechatronic applications in fields as
industrial robot, engineers specify the mechanics and computing, so it can carry out its day to day jobs. diverse as neurosurgery, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
functional requirements precisely; design
compatible robotics, haptic training systems for surgeons,
and test the robot's components; Pasted from <>
integrate the components to produce the
urological surgery and orthopedics, high intensity focused
final design; and evaluate the design's ultrasound and blood sampling.
overall effectiveness, cost, reliability, and
safety. This process applies to the Pasted from <>
development of many different products,
such as chemicals, computers, The term Mechatronics comes from the words Mechanical and Electronics combined. It was
powerplants, helicopters, and toys. coined by Mr. Tetsuro Mori, a Japanese engineer from Yasukawa Electric Company in the year
1969. It refers to the effective and efficient integration of various mechanical systems and
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Mechatronics combines traditional fields of mechanical engineering and electrical engineering,
fused together with IT or computer science and mathematics. The application of mechatronics in
Back in the early 1970s, Japanese industry coined the word everyday life ranges from power systems to transportation; optical telecommunications to
Mechatronics in relation to the development of the world's first biomedical engineering, along with a long list of related disciplines. mechatronic systems exist in
industrial robots. Robotics has since come to be regarded as a almost every science, mechanical or industrial field.
generic term, and yet it forms only a subset of Mechatronics,
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which still lacks recognition in some quarters as an indigenous
term in our technological vocabulary. 'Mechatronics ' is a natural
choice for explaining a process that seeks, from the outset, to
generate definitive engineering system solutions, which are Mechatronics is the combination of Mechanical engineering, Electronic engineering, Computer
inextricably bound by those integrating technologies associated engineering, Control engineering, and Systems Design engineering to create useful products.
with the inveterate mechanical, electronic and computer based However due to development of light technology such as fiber optics, optical engineering and
disciplines. fiber optics are being integrated into the course and are replacing some electronic courses.

First and foremost Mechatronics should be seen to represent

technology integration and not merely a combination of the Pasted from <>
primary disciplines. In fact, the 'fusion' of mechanical, electronic
and computer based structures into a complete Mechatronics
'product' can only achieve its desired functionality through a
process of systematic integration of all inherent disciplines Mechatronics is centred on mechanics, electronics and computing which, combined, make possible the
involved right through from the conceptual stages. Invoking only generation of simpler, more economical, reliable and versatile systems. The portmanteau "mechatronics"
mechanical electronic or computer-based entities would not in was first coined by Mr. Tetsuro Mori, a senior engineer of a Japanese company, Yaskawa, in 1969.
itself provide the complete system solution. In reality, Mechatronics may alternatively be referred to as "electromechanical-systems".
Mechatronics opens up enormous technological possibilities, as Engineering cybernetics deals with the question of control engineering of mechatronic systems. It is used
to control or regulate such a system; see control theory. A component-based paradigm is a form of
already evidenced by the appearance of sophisticated products distributed control production system which utilises a CAN or LAN to link autonomous mechatronic
like ever-smaller camcorders and compact disc players. These modules. Through collaboration the mechatronic modules perform the production goals and inherit
would never have been plausible by adopting a traditional single flexible and agile manufacturing properties in the production scheme. Modern production equipment
disciplinary or combinational approach. By definition, then, consists of mechatronic modules that are integrated according to a control architecture. The most known
Mechatronics is not a subject, science or technology per se - it is architectures involve hierarchy, polyarchy, hetaerarchy and hybrid. The methods for achieving a technical
effect are described by control algorithms, which may or may not utilize formal methods in their design.
instead to be regarded as a philosophy - a fundamental way of Hybrid-systems important to Mechatronics include production systems, synergy-drives, planetary-rovers,
looking at and doing things, and by its very nature requires a automotive subsystems such as anti-lock braking systems, spin-assist and every day equipment such as
unified approach to its delivery. autofocus cameras, video, hard disks, cd-players, washing machines, lego-matics etc.

The traditional western approach has relied on single discipline Pasted from <>

identities and evolutionary solutions based on bolt-on technology.

On the other hand, Mechatronics solutions require the use of
integrated teams of personnel working towards a common goal.
Thus the Mechatronics engineer identifies with systems thinking, Employment in the Mechatronics Field
and a philosophy that lies behind it all. A Mechatronics 'product' Although Mechatronics is a fairly new emerging science, there are viable career in Mechatronics for
students of disparate disciplines. Food processors, space systems and defense systems all use
derived through systematic, rather than piecemeal processing. It,
therefore, seeks to optimize an 'engineered' solution rather than Mechatronics technical work is a lucrative field with variety in the work, according to the Sierra College
compromise it. Mechatronics philosophy adequately describes the website, Mechatronics systems can be found in every aspect of modern life: from
process by which it is achieved. This insight quite naturally lends slot machines to ATMs, from medical monitors to gas pumps and from cooling systems to security
itself to the concept of 'total quality', something that western systems.
Industrial infrastructure's face is changing due to Mechatronics. Semiconductor devices, software
industrialized nations have only in the last decade or so come to
engineering, and micro-controllers make 21st century information move faster and with better quality.
aspire to. But for Mechatronics, quality is already implied by the Costs of production of information systems have gone down as well because of Mechatronics.
way in which system based solutions are to be sought, and the
methodologies used for achieving it. It is hoped that industry and Pasted from <>
commerce will similarly come to respect and aspire to
Mechatronics for what it stands for - total synergy.

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It is a branch of engineering which involves Mechanical,Electronics,Instrumentation and Control
Engineering. An example for Mechatronics application is the Antilock brakes used in cars where The
speed of each wheel is sensed and controlled braking is implemented

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When the word Mechatroncis first appeared nearly 40 years ago, most people had no idea what it was. With time and technological advancements, however,
mechatronics has become a familiar term in the field of engineering worldwide. Today, it’s hard not to come across the word mechatronics in some way, shape or form.

What is Mechatronics?
Essentially, Mechatronics is the concept of working smarter – not harder – and to inexpensively get the most done in as little time as possible. The term can be defined in
many different ways, but functionally, it is a blend of mechanics and the synergistic use of precision engineering, control theory, computer science, and finally sensor and
actuator technology – all designed to improve products and processes.

But mechatronics is more than that. It also concentrates on mechanics, electronics, control and molecular engineering as well as computing, all combining to produce
simpler, economical, reliable and versatile systems. Mechatronics can also be described as the totality of fundamentals and techniques in a unified framework for service
and production of future-orientated machines and products.

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Yet another definition of mechatronics relates to the synergistic integration of mechanical engineering, electronics and intelligent computer control for design and
manufacture of industrial products and processes. All in all, Mechatronics has been associated with many different topics including manufacturing, motion control,
robotics, intelligent control, system integration, vibration and noise control, automotive systems, modeling and design, actuators and sensors as well as micro devices.

History of Mechatronics
The genesis of mechatronics began in 1969 in Japan when Tetsura Mori, a senior engineer for Yaskawa Electric Corp., coined the term. Back then, mechatronics was
viewed strictly as electromechanical systems or control and automation engineering. As is evident, the term mechatronics is a combination of words, which is nothing
new for Yaskawa; a company that has been combining words and concepts since the 1950s. One of the first terms they created was “minertia,” which was named for a
servomotor line that used minimum inertia to develop super-fast starting and stopping ability. Next came, “mochintrol” – short for motor, machine and control – which
boasts electrical actuators capable of freely controlling mechanical arms and fingers.

Yaskawa applied for a registered trademark for mechatronics in 1970 and won the rights to the term in 1973. Although the foundation was set for the study of
mechatronics, it failed to take off to its full potential; Yaskawa and its engineers were ahead of their time, and so they did not pursue widespread publicity.

It wasn’t until the mid-1980s that the term began to gain popularity. Yaskawa decided not to renew its trademark and relinquish the rights to the term so as not to limit
the industry’s research and advancement of the technology.

During the 1970s, mechatronics focused on servo technology, in which simple implementation aided technologies related to sophisticated control methods such as
automatic door openers and auto-focus cameras. In the 1980s, mechatronics was used to focus on information technology whereby microprocessors were imbedded
into mechanical systems to improve performance, such as antilock braking and electric seats. Finally, in the 1990s, mechatronics centered on communication technology
to connect products into large networks, including the production of air bags and other related technologies.

Mechatronics Today
As the need for mechatronics continues to expand, the term continues to become more and more common. Two things that have contributed to its growth are the
shrinking global market and the need for reliable and cost-effective products. To be competitive, companies must develop new technologies to design and manufacture
their products. Mechatronics assists rapid reaction to change, competitive product properties and shortened product cycles – absolute necessities for any company.

While mechatronics still involves the merging of mechanics and electronics, it also includes software and information technology. Mechatronics melds new technologies
to existing technologies and combines them to solve problems, creates products or even develops new ways of doing things. Mechatronics integrates different
technologies to solve problems as efficiently as possible. In the past, engineers tried to use their own lines of study to solve a problem, but now they can use the thought
processes of many different outlooks to enhance their research with the use of more efficient tools.

Future of Mechatronics
When it comes to mechatronics, the sky is the limit as more and more ideas will be developed to improve the way we live and do things. With the ever-changing needs
and wants of a complex and sophisticated world, innovations and technologies will have to improve and develop with the rapidly changing times. In the future,
mechatronics will increasingly focus on safety, reliability and affordability.

Mechatronics will also play a large roll in the use of robotics to assist with efficiency, productivity, accountability and control. Robots not only master repetitive and
dangerous tasks, but they do it low cost and with lower margins of error. Companies using robotics will have the luxury of keeping work in their own plants rather then
exporting it over seas.

Mechatronics also is projected to play a major roll in the medical field, as well as in computerized world and parts of industry-based manufacturing. Instead of building a
computer to run a machine, mechatronics will help make the computer a part of the machine that builds a product.

Mechatronics shouldn’t change the design process, but rather give the engineer greater knowledge so that concepts can be developed more efficiently; so that
communications with other engineering disciplines are improved. Client and market satisfaction are the major goals in the field of mechatronics. Once the needs of a
client are expressed, product specifications can be developed from those needs. Then the design process can begin. Engineers will use and do whatever it takes to
produce the end result desired in order to come up with new products and processes.

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History of Mechatronics
The term “mechatronics” was first introduced in Japan in 1969 to describe the integration of mechanics and electronics [1][2][3]. The term is widely used in Europe and is generally understood by engineers in the
U.S., but is less recognized by the general public. As of 2006, the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) recognizes 42 undergraduate Mechatronics Engineering programs around the world.
However, there is only one undergraduate mechatronics engineering degree program in the U.S. that is accredited by ABET. ABET has recognized the emerging importance of mechatronics engineering and has
recently proposed specific evaluation criteria for “Mechatronics Engineering and similarly named programs” that are in the review process [4].
Today’s perspective of Mechatronics has evolved with technology. At SPSU we use the industry evolved definition of Mechatronics adopted by the IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics [5]:
• The synergistic integration of mechanical engineering with electronics.
• Intelligent computer control in the design and manufacture of products and processes.
• The blending of mechanical, electronic, software, and control theory engineering topics into a unified framework that enhances the design process.
The specific objectives of the BSMtrE degree are to provide engineering graduates that:
• Understand the interdisciplinary fundamentals of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, control systems, and their integration.
• Have strong team skills to solve complex problems that cross disciplinary boundaries.
• Perform research, design, and implementation of intelligent engineered products and processes enabled by the integration of mechanical, electronic, computer, and software engineering technologies.

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Mechatronics is actually all about synergy – the whole is really greater than any of its parts. We chose to Mechatronics is the synergistic integration of precision mechanical engineering,
simplify the definition of Mechatronics for our manufacturing and aerospace industries to focus upon their electronics, computational hardware and software in the design of products and
desire of a systems approach. We are defining Mechatronics as the combining of Control Systems, processes. Mechatronics, the term coined in Japan in the '70s, has evolved to
Mechanical Systems, Electrical Systems and Computer Systems. symbolize what mechanical design engineers do today worldwide. The revolutionary
introduction of the microprocessor (or microcontroller) in the early '80s and ever
Pasted from <> increasing performance-cost ratio has changed the paradigm of mechanical design
forever, and has broadened the original definition of mechatronics to include
intelligent control and autonomous decision-making. Today, increasing number of
Characteristics of Mechanical Engineers new products is being developed at the intersection between traditional disciplines
People who will succeed in this career would be highly motivated and willing to constantly learn in order to of Engineering, and Computer and Material Sciences. New developments in these
stay abreast with the constant stream of new breakthroughs in mechanical engineering technology. This will traditional disciplines are being absorbed into mechatronics design at an ever-
also involve seeking licensing and certification at a state, provincial or national level to remain recognized increasing pace. In this paper, a brief history of mechatronics, and several examples
professionally and to ensure you are authorized to work on certain engineering tasks such as the design of of this rapid adaptation of technologies into product design is presented. With the
bridges and electric power plants . A truly exciting career with a future full of breakthroughs and new
specializations, mechanical engineering can be very rewarding to you if you can keep up with its rapid rate ongoing information technology revolution, especially in wireless communication,
of change. smart sensors design (enabled by MEMS technology), and embedded systems
engineering, mechatronics design is going through another step change in capabilities
Pasted from <> and scope. The implications of these developments in mechatronics design in the
near future are discussed. Finally, deficiencies in our engineering curriculum to
address the needs of the industry to cope up with these rapid changes, and proposed
remedies, will also be discussed.
Mechanical engineers apply engineering principles of force, energy and motion to the enhancement of
safety, economic vitality, enjoyment, overall quality of life, our world and our movement in it. Their work Pasted from <>
involves the design, analysis, manufacture and upgrading of components, machines, systems and
processes. This gives mechanical engineers the opportunity to work with a vast array of exciting applications
such as robotics, nanotechnology, turbines, generators, manufacturing plants, aircraft, watercraft and

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such as robotics, nanotechnology, turbines, generators, manufacturing plants, aircraft, watercraft and
medical devices just to name a few. A contemporary example of mechanical engineering is the construction
of the Interstate 35W Minnesota Bridge.

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Duties and Responsibilities of a Mechatronic Engineer

Mechatronic is a combination of computer, electrical and mechanical engineering. A
mechatronic engineer designs mechanical devices that incorporate electrical, software and
mechanical components. The combination of these three key areas has resulted in the
development and design of mechatronic or smart products. Examples include a more
efficient washing machine, automated robotic assembly lines, cameras, laser printers,
photocopiers, stair-climbing wheelchairs, hybrid autos and garage door openers. Perhaps
the most striking example of mechatronics is the development of the Mars rover used by
NASA to take samples and photographs of the Martian surface. Machine intelligence, or AI,
is a key component of mechatronic engineer's design plans. An engineer of this type will
manage, maintain, develop and design high tech engineering systems that can automate
industrial tasks. They design and help in the production of video recorders, cameras and
other consumer products. They apply the principles of mechatronic to tasks that may
endanger human lives. Other duties are specified in these job postings:
• 'The entry-level or junior engineer is responsible for analytical and hands-on involvement in
mechatronics, electronics, and software specific to custom-designed modules used in
company products.' --ENTEGEE Engineering Technical Group
• 'The ideal candidate will be responsible for developing advanced active chassis products
including air suspension, adaptive damping and active roll control. Will also collaborate with
vehicle dynamics group on developing advanced systems.' --ArvinMeritor, Inc.
Job Requirements
Mechatronic engineers generally need an undergraduate degree in engineering
concentrating in mechatronic or a degree in mechatronic engineering, although some
employers will take applicants with a bachelor's degree in electrical, computer or mechanical
engineering. Many employers will also prefer that applicants have two or more years of
experience. The field of mechatronics requires that engineers have broad exposure to
software programming, mechanical engineering and electrical engineering. A mechatronic
engineer needs to possess good communication, problem solving and creative skills. They
should like engineering and technical activities as well as having an interest in math, physics
and mechanical equipment. Other job requirements may be similar to the following as found
in jobs posted on
• 'B.S. or M.S. in engineering or mechanical engineering with mechatronics. Experience in
biomaterials and medical devices. Good computer skills and familiarity with Solid Works.
Comprehension of document control software and MRP.' - ArthroCare Corporation
• 'Bachelor's in electrical or mechanical engineering with controls emphasis. Experience in
precision optical- or electro-mechanical systems. Must be able to get U.S. Gov. security
clearance.' - Zebra Imaging
Employment Outlook
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment outlook for engineers in
general is good, increasing by approximately 11 percent in the next decade. Mechanical and
electrical engineers should see a slight decline (four percent) in job growth. Mechatronic
engineering is a relatively new area of engineering and graduates of a mechatronic
engineering program can work in many industries, including automobiles, manufacturing,
gas and oil, mining, transport, defense, robotics, aerospace and aviation. In addition, they
have a wide variety of multi-disciplinary skills that will allow them to take traditional
engineering positions. Electric engineers had a median yearly salary of $75,930 in 2006
while mechanical engineers made $69,850 that same year. Salary statistics for mechatronic
engineers are not available yet do to the newest of the field.

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