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Choose the right modal verb

1. There are plenty of tomatoes in the fridge. You


buy any.

2. It's a hospital. You


smoke.

3. He had been working for more than 11 hours. He


be tired after such hard work. He

prefer to get some

rest.
4. I

speak Arabic

fluently when I was a child and we lived in Morocco. But after we moved back
to Canada, I had very little exposure to the language and forgot almost
everything I knew as a child. Now, I
just say a few things in the language.

5. The teacher said we


read this book for our own pleasure as it is optional. But we

read it if we don't

want to.
6.

you stand on your

head for more than a minute? No, I


.

7. If you want to learn to speak English fluently, you


to work hard.

8. Take an umbrella. It
rain later.

9. You

leave

small objects lying around . Such objects


be swallowed by children.

10. People

walk on

grass.
11. Drivers

stop when the

traffic lights are red.


12.

I ask a question?

Yes, of course.
13. You

take your

umbrella. It is not raining.


14.

you speak

Italian? No, I

Q1.

I didnt feel very well yesterday. I ..... eat anything.

cannot
couldnt
mustnt

Q2.

You ..... look at me when I am talking to you.


could
should
would

Q3.

I was using my pencil a minute ago. It ..... be here somewhere!


can
could
must
would

Q4.

You really ..... be late again.


must not
dont have to be

Q5.

If you dont start working harder, you ..... repeat the course next year.
have to
must
will have to

Q6.

His parents spoil him. Hes always ..... to do whatever he wants.


been able
been allowed

Q7.

Phone her now. She ..... home by now.


has to be
must be
would be

Q8.

You ..... forget your sun cream. Its going to be very hot!
dont have to
mustnt
neednt

Q9.

I ..... be able to help you, but Im not sure yet.


might
would

Q10.

Entrance to the museum was free. We ..... pay to get in.


neednt
didnt need to

Q11.

Already as a child Mozart ..... play the piano beautifully.


could
should
would

Q12.

Which sign are you more likely to see at an airport: Bags ..... not be left
unattended.
can
must
may

Q13.

I really ..... try to get fit.


may
must
would

Q14.

..... take a photograph of you?


Am I allowed to
May I

Q15.

Students ..... borrow up to 6 books at any time.


are allowed to
could

Q16.

Whose is this bag? - I dont know, but it ..... belong to Yuta.


could
may
should
would

Q17.

..... I go to the bathroom, please?


May
Must
Would

Q18.

His excuse ..... be true, but I dont believe.


can
may

Q19.

Its very important to ..... speak more than one language.


can
be able to

Q20.

I dont like ..... get up early on a Sunday.


being able to
being allowed to
having to

Q21.

..... you speak French? - Only a few words, but my Russian is pretty good.
Can
Could

Q22.

..... you help me move this table? (Both answers are possible. Choose the
more polite request.)
Can
Could

Q23.

I ..... talk already before I was two years old.


could
should
would

Q24.

I ..... help you, but I dont want to.


can
could
would

Q25.

..... you open the window, please.


Can
May

Q26.

I ..... move the table. It was too heavy.


couldnt
mustnt
shouldnt
wouldnt

Q27.

You ..... not put your feet on the cafeteria tables.

must not
do not have to

Q28.

If you continue to practise so hard, you ..... beat me before too long!
can
could
will be able to

Q29.

..... you swim? (Both are possible. Which is better?)


Are you able to
Can

Q30.

You ..... eat so much chocolate. Its not good for you.
dont have to
mustnt
shouldnt

Q31.

Im afraid I ..... play tennis tomorrow. Ive got a dentist appointment.


cant
couldnt
would not be able to

Q32.

You can come to the meeting if you want but you ......
have to
dont have to
mustnt

Q33.

What do you want to do? - Well, we ..... have a picnic, but it looks like rain.
can
could
should
would

Q34.

Im so hungry I ..... eat a horse!


can
could
must
should

Q35.

The test starts at 10.30. You ..... be late.


dont have to
mustnt

Q36.

Why didnt you tell me? I ..... you!


could help
could have helped
was able to help
would help

Q37.

How did you do in the test? - Ok. It ..... worse!


could be
could have been
might be
would have been

Q38.

He ..... broken the classroom window. He wasnt even in school today.


couldnt have
mustnt
shouldnt have

Q39.

You ..... tired. Youve only just got out of bed!


dont have to be
cant be
mustnt be

Q40. She ..... be very pleased with herself. She got the best
grades.
has to
must
cannot

We are going to practice these modal verbs of deduction and


possibility we have just learned in this section. Choose the
correct option:
1. There are a lot of people in the shops. There _________ be good

sales.
a) must
b) can't
2. I'm not sure if Tom is coming. He __________ come later.
a) must
b) might
3. Sarah is talking to a blond guy. Her boyfriend has black hair so it
________ be him.
a) must
b) can't
4. Once you are in Toronto, you __________ visit the Niagara falls.
a) can't
b) could

Complete the sentences with an appropriate modal verb of


obligation, advice, prohibition or lack of obligation:
1. You

be here before 8.30. It's not

necessary to arrive so early.


2. You

study harder if you want to get a university degree.

3. You

wear a uniform if you go to an English Secondary

School.
4. You

drink alcohol if you are under 18.

5. You

book the hotel in advance in case there are no rooms

left.
6. Mark
7. Marta

study French. It's optional.


do that. It's forbidden.

Complete the sentences using the words listed in the box below, then click the
"Check" button to check your answers. Don't forget to capitalize when
necessary. Some gaps may have more than one correct answer.
can could have to must might should
1. Ted's flight from Amsterdam took more than 11 hours. He
be
exhausted after such a long flight. He

prefer to stay in tonight and get

some rest.
2. If you want to get a better feeling for how the city is laid out, you
walk downtown and explore the waterfront.
3. Hiking the trail to the peak

be dangerous if you are not well

prepared for dramatic weather changes. You


little more before you attempt the ascent.

research the route a

4. When you have a small child in the house, you


lying around. Such objects

leave small objects

be swallowed, causing serious injury or

even death.
5. Dave:

you hold your breath for more than a minute?

Nathan: No, I can't.


6. Jenny's engagement ring is enormous! It

have cost a fortune.

7. Please make sure to water my plants while I am gone. If they don't get
enough water, they
die.

8. I

speak Arabic fluently when I was a child and we lived in Egypt.

But after we moved back to Canada, I had very little exposure to the language
and forgot almost everything I knew as a child. Now, I
just say a few
things in the language.
9. The book is optional. My professor said we
extra credit. But we

read it if we needed

read it if we don't want to.

10. Leo: Where is the spatula? It

be in this drawer but it's not here.

Nancy: I just did a load of dishes last night and they're still in the dish washer.
It
be in there. That's the only other place it
be.

11. You

take your umbrella along with you today. The weatherman on

the news said there's a storm north of here and it

rain later on this

afternoon.
12.

we pull over at the next rest stop? I really

bathroom and I don't know if I

use the

hold it until we get to Chicago.

13. Oh no! Frank's wallet is lying on the coffee table. He

have left it

here last night.


14. Ned:

I borrow your lighter for a minute?

Stephen: Sure, no problem. Actually, you

keep it if you want to. I've

given up smoking.
15. I

believe she said that to Megan! She

cooking in front of everyone at the party last night. She

insult her
have just said

she was full or had some salad if she didn't like the meal.
16. Do you

chew with your mouth open like that? Geez, it's making

me sick watching you eat that piece of pizza.

17. Mrs. Scarlett's body was found in the lounge just moments ago, and it's still
warm! Nobody has left the mansion this evening, so the killer
be
someone in this room. It

be any one of us!!!

18. Ted: I don't know why Denise starting crying when I mentioned the wedding.
Pamela: It
have been what you said about her brother. Or, perhaps

she is just nervous. After all, the big day is tomorrow.


19.

you always say the first thing that pops into your head?

you think once in awhile before you speak?

20. I was reading the book last night before I went to bed. I never took it out of
this room. It
be lying around here somewhere. Where
it be?
be swallowed, causing serious injury or even death.

Put the modal verbs into the correct tense.


Present simple: I can speak English.
Past simple: I

speak English.

Present perfect simple: I

Will-Future: I

speak English.

speak English.

Present simple: He must learn for the test.


Past simple: He

learn for the test.

Present perfect simple: He

Will-Future: He

learn for the test.

learn for the test.

Present simple: I may go to the party.

Past simple: I

go to the party.

Present perfect simple: I

Will-Future: I

go to the party.

go to the party.

Put the modal verbs into the correct tense.


Present simple: They must work harder.
Past simple: They

work harder.

Present perfect simple: They

Will-Future: They

work harder.

work harder.

Present simple: We can help you in the garden.


Past simple: We

help you in the garden.

Present perfect simple: We

Will-Future: We

help you in the garden.

help you in the garden.

Present simple: She may invite friends.


Past simple: She

Present perfect simple: She

invite friends.

invite friends.

Will-Future: She

invite friends.

Fill in can, have to, may, might, must, need, should or (not) allowed to1.
He

go skating because he broke his leg.

2. Many children in Britain

3. I'm not sure but Jane

wear school uniforms.

come to visit me this afternoon.

4. Didn't you see the sign? You

drive more than 30 miles.

5. He speaks a lot of languages, but he

6. It

7. You

snow. It looks like it.

drive on the right in Britain.

8. He is a good boxer. You

9. You

be careful.

to smoke in the office.

10. This test will be very difficult. So you

11. You

12. I don't

speak Chinese.

learn a lot.

eat more vegetables because they are healthy.

the car. You can take it.

13. He does everything himself. He

no help.

14. It's going to rain. You

15. You

shut the window.

start a fire in the forest.

Advice, obligation and prohibition


Choose the correct answer.
1.

You

2.

If he doesn't know how to start the computer, he

3.

Oh dear! My hair looks terrible. I

4.

We

5.

If she feels ill, perhaps she

6.

You

7.

8.

forget to lock the door when you go out.

read the instructions.

have it cut.

be late or the coach will leave without us.

see the doctor.

finish the report today. You can do it tomorrow.

play their music so loudly? I've got a headache.

You

buy any more food. We've got enough for everyone.

1.- Elige "Must" / "Should" / "Have to" (en


correspondiente) para completar estas oraciones:
1)

You

el

tiempo

speak to your brother and try to solve that problem

You

come with us to the cinema; the film we are going to see

2)
is marvellous
You are very fat. You

practice sport (consejo)

3)

Please,

we

are

in

the

church;

you

stop

making

that

4)
unpleasant noise (A father to his son)
If you want to watch TV, first you

finish your homework

5)

If I want to buy a new house I

get a mortgage (A mother to

6)
her daughter)
You cannot go out with your friends. You

stay at home

7)
because you have fever
In internal flights you

check in one hour before the departure

8)

I
9)

go to the bank to get some money

You

visit Paris. What a beautiful city!

10)

11)

The doctor is very worried about my dad and has told him that
he
work less

fill the tank; it is almost empty

12)

Our teaches have told us that we

be quiet during the class (A

13)
father to his son)
You will have exams in two weeks. You

study harder

14)
(obligation)
(The police officer to the protesters) You

leave this place

15)
immediately
I

leave immediately; it is very late and tomorrow I have to

16)
get up early
In the petrol station we
17)
the tank

switch off the engine before filling

The weather is really nice. We

go for a walk

18)

You

to go to the dentist; you have lost a filling (consejo muy

19)
enftico)
You

go by plane; by car it is a very long journey

You

read more; it is very good for your education

20)

21)

Kevin, you

shave yourself; you look a little bit scruffy (A

22)
mother to her son)
You

get up; it is very late (orden)

23)

Jane, you

rest; you look very tired

24)

The police told us that we


25)

get out of the car