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SOLUTIONS & ANSWERS FOR KERALA ENGINEERING

ENTRANCE EXAMINATION-2010
VERSION – A1

[PHYSICS & CHEMISTRY]


1. Ans: Time 2u2 sin θ cos θ
∴R=
g
L
Sol: RC   both time constant. 1 2
R 2u2 × 2
= 5 5 = 4u
2. Ans: 4 g 5 g

25.5 m s−
1
3. Ans: 7. Ans: 30 rad/s
2
Sol: T = mrω
2 2 2 2
u +v 20 + 30 ω =
2 T
= 900 ⇒ ω = 30 rad/s
Sol: =
2 2 mr
400 + 900
= = 650 8. Ans: 4 m s− along x-direction.
1
2
≅ 25.5 m s−
1

Sol: r = 2t 2 î + 3t ĵ + 4k̂
4. Ans: 190.5 km/h dr
v= = 4 t + î + 3 ĵ
dt
Sol:
5 hrs dv
= 4 î ⇒ 4 m/s in the x-direction.
2
a=
dt

9. Ans: Inertia of motion.


10 hrs 2 hrs

Sol: Theoretical.

10. Ans: 192 N

Sol: T = m(g + a)
total distan ce = 16 × 12
Average speed =
total time = 192 N
4000
=
21 11. Ans: Magnetic force
= 190.5 km/h
12. Ans: 4W
5. Ans: Uniform acceleration
→ →
Sol: P= F.v = 4W
Sol: Theoretical.
10−
20
13. Ans: J
2
4u
6. Ans:
5 g Sol: Assuming hydrogen bond is broken
energy required will be 10− J
20

R 1
Sol: . 4 cotθ ⇒ cotθ = 14. Ans: Work done by friction over a closed path
H 2
is zero.
tanθ = 2

5
1

2
15. Ans: (11/12)L mgR
20. Ans:
12
Sol:
Sol: Energy required = Final energy −
initial energy
GMm  GMm 
= − − − 
2(3 R )  2(2 R ) 
x3
• GMm  1 1 
x2 • = −
• 2 R  2 3 
GMm gR2 m
x1 = =
12 R 12 R
5L
x3 = mgR
4 =
12
x2 = L
L
x1 = 21. Ans: 24 cc
2
m1x1 + m2 x 2 + m3 x 3
∴ XCM = Sol: B=
1
=
PV
3m compressibility dV
11 L
= 1 4 × 107 × 1
12 =
6 × 10 −10 dV
dV = 24 × 10− litres
3
16. Ans: 2s
= 24 cc
Sol: τ = Ια
22. Ans: Carburetor of automobile
3 × 102 × 4.6
6.9 × 10 =
2
t 23. Ans: Shearing stress there is change in
volume.
3 2
17. Ans: MR solving t = 2 s 24. Ans: Reynold’s number
2
25. Ans: 4800 K
Sol:
Ιt
3 RTH 3 RT0
Sol: =
2
MR /2
MH M0
TH T
= 0
MR 2 3 MH M0
Ιt = + MR 2 = MR 2
2 2 300 T0
=
2 32
2.16 × 10
26
18. Ans: kg
T0 = 16 × 300 = 4800 K

2 GMP 2 GMe 26. Ans: Inversely proportional to number of


Sol: .3
RP Re molecules per unit volume
MP M
=9 e 1
RP Re Sol: λ=
2 πnd2
MP M
=9 e n = number of molecules / unit volume
4 Re Re d = diameter of the molecule
∴ MP = 36 Me = 36 × 6 × 10
24

= 2.16 × 10 kg
26
27. Ans: 150 J

19. Ans: Half the potential energy of the satellite 1 θ2


Sol: =
3 θ1 − θ2
GMm
Sol: P.E = − θ2
r =
200 − θ2
GMm
T.E = − ∴ θ2 = 50
2r
∴ W = 200 − 50 = 150 J
28. Ans: 3R Sol: Potential is same
Q Q
Sol: Heat capacity per mole of water = CV ∴ k 1 =k 2
R1 R2
f 36
R= R=3R 4πR12σ1 4πR22σ2
2 2 =
R1 R2
29. Ans: 75 σ1 R2
∴ =
σ2 R1
Sol: No. of beats in 1 s = 1.25
∴ in 1 minute = 1.25 × 60 = 75
37. Ans: 2V
30. Ans: Damped oscillator.
Sol: 2 µF 3 µF
31. Ans: 20 • •B

1 2 2 µF
Sol: kA = 4
2 A•
8 1
=
2
A =
800 100
1
A= = 0.1 m 5
10
Charge across the combination of 2 µF
amax = ω A
2
and 3 µF = charge across 3 µF
k
= .A 2× 3
m ∴ µF × 5 = 3 µF × V1
2+3
800
= × 0.1 = 20 m/s
2
∴ V1 = 2 V
4

32. Ans: Interference 20


38. Ans: m
21
33. Ans: 320 Hz
Sol:
Sol: Fundamental frequency x1 P x2
v 320
f0 = = = 80 Hz • • •Q
4 L 4 ×1 5 µC
−2 µC
So it can resonate with f0, 3f0, 5f0, 7f0------
∴ cannot resonate with 320 Hz.

34. Ans: 240 Hz Let the potential be zero at P and Q.


Then solving for x1
v + vL K ×5 2
Sol: f’ = ×f =
v x1 (1 − x1)
330 + 30
= × 220 ∴ x1 =
5
330 7
= 240 Hz K×5 K×2
Similarly, =
5/3 1+ x2 x2
35. Ans: n :1
2
1/3 ∴ x2 =
Sol: Capacitance of big drop = C’ = n C 3
2/3
Potential of big drop V’2 = n V 2 2
1 Separation PQ = 1 −  + 
∴ Energy of big drop = C’V’
2
7 3
2
20
1 1/3 2/3 2 =
= n C(n V) 21
2
5/3 1 2 39. Ans: 10
12
=n CV
2
∴ Ratio = n : 1
5/3
Sol: qE = mg
n × 1.6 × 10− × 100
19
R2 −6
36. Ans: = 1.6 × 10 × 10
R1 12
n = 10
40. Ans: 4V 157.08 × 10 −1
=
2r
E 12 1
Ι= = = A
157.08 × 10 −1
Sol:
Reff 24 2 r=
1 2 × 6.28
∴E= ×8=4V = 1.25 m
2

41. Ans: 20 Ω 48. Ans: 0.1 Ω

10
V 2 20000 Sol: Ιg = mA = 0.99 mA ~ 1 mA
Sol: 500 = = 10.1
R R
Ι
R = 20 Ω S= × 100
Ι − Ιg
Ι R = 500
2
1
Ι=5A = × 100
200 1 − 1× 10 −3
∴ =5
(20 + R1) =
100

100
= 0.1 Ω
1000 − 1 1000
Solving, R1 = 20 Ω
49. Ans: µ0
42. Ans: 0V

Sol:
+3 V 0.2 MΩ

1 MΩ −15 V
Sol:
∫ B.dλ = µ Ι 0 enclosed

P = µ0[3 − 2]
= µ0
18
Ι= 50. Ans: 20 V, 20 V and 10 V
1.2 × 10 −6
18 Sol: When resistance is halved current will be
V across 1 MΩ = −6
× 1× 106 = 15 V
1.2 × 10 doubled.
∴ Potential at P = 0 V VR = 2 Ι ×
R
= 10 V
2
43. Ans: Nichrome VL = 2Ι × XL = 20 V
VC = 2Ι × XC = 20 V
1
44. Ans: A
3 51. Ans: 30π V

E1r2 + E2r1 dφ d
Sol: Eeff = =2V Sol: ES = = MΙ0 sinωt
r1 + r2 dt dt
Ι=
Eeff
=
2 2 1
= = A = MΙ0ω cosωt
Reff 5 + 1 6 3 ES is maximum when cosωt = 1
∴ ES = MΙ0ω
2.5 × 10 A/m = 150 × 10− × 2 × 2π × 30
5 3
45. Ans:
= 30π V
Sol: Ι = χH
= (µr − 1) × nΙ 52. Ans: 91%
= 499 × 500 × 1
= 2.495 × 10
5 Sol: Pin = 220 × 0.5 = 110 W
≅ 2.5 × 10 A/m
5 Pout = 100 W
P 100
Efficiency = out = = 90.9%
46. Ans: The resultant magnetic moment in an Pin 110
atom of a diamagnetic substance is zero.
≅ 91%
47. Ans: 1.25 m
53. Ans: Its impedance is purely resistive.
µ Ι µ qf
Sol: B= 0 = 0 54. Ans: 5.8 V/m
2r 2r
4π × 10 −7 × 2 × 10 −6 × 6.25 × 1012 Sol: Energy transmitted per unit area / unit time
6.28 =
2r = poynting’s vector
1 → → c 2 mE 2m
S= × E× B = =c
µ0 E E
When power becomes four times both
2 3 3 3 197 198
→ → 62. Ans:(1H , 1H ), (2He , 1H ) and (79Au , 80Hg )
E and B will double. Hence 5.8 V/m
63. Ans: 2:1
U
55. Ans: 8 / TX
c 1  1
Sol: For X  = 
16  2 
Sol: Theoretical 8
4= ---- (1)
TX
L D
56. Ans:   1  1
8 / TY
f0 f  For Y  = 
 e
256  2 
8
0 ⇒8= ---- (2)
57. Ans: 5000 A TY

∆λ v
(1) TX =
2
Sol:
λ
=
C
(2) TY 1

0.5 nm 300 × 103


= 64. Ans: 1.17 MeV and 1.33 MeV in sucession
λ 3 × 108
2 × 10 /m
9 3
0 65. Ans:
⇒ λ = 5000 A
2
Sol: ni = ne nh
58. Ans: 30 cm and 6 cm
(10 ) = ne × 5 × 10
16 2 22

Solving ne = 2 × 10 /m
9 3
f0
Sol: =5
fe
66. Ans: 0.05 mA
f0 + fe = 36
Solving fe = 6 cm Sol: ΙC RC = 0.6 V
and f0 = 36 cm 0 .6
ΙC = = 1 mA
600
59. Ans: Concave only Ι
∴β= C
ΙB
x (µ1 + µ2 )
60. Ans: ΙC
2µ1µ2 ΙB = = 0.05 mA
β

x 1 1  67. Ans:
Sol:  + 
2  µ1 µ2 
x (µ1 + µ2 )
=
2 µ1µ2

2m
61. Ans: c O
E t

hc
Sol: E=
λP Sol: Due to filter circuit.
hc
λP = ----(1) 68. Ans: 1.5 A
E
h h
λe = = ----(2)
P 2 mE
hc
(1) ⇒ λP = E
(2) λ e h
2 mE
Sol: 1 1
λ= = cm
D3 5Ω RH 109678
Ι2
–6
= 9.117 × 10 cm
Ι1 20 Ω 0
= 911.7 A
5Ω
76. Ans: Acetylene molecule has three pi bonds
D2 and three sigma bonds.

10 V Sol: Acetylene molecule has two pi bonds


and three sigma bonds.
10
Ι1 = = 0.5 A
20
77. Ans: N2+ becomes diamagnetic
10
Ι2 = =1A
10
∴ total current = 1.5 A Sol: N2+ is paramagnetic

69. Ans: 0.05 and 1 ± 0.010 MHz 78. Ans: Boron

Em 0 . 5 Sol: BF3 is a symmetrical molecule and


Sol: m= = = 0.05 hence dipole moment is zero.
Ec 10
band frequency = 1 MHz ± 0.01 Mh 79. Ans: 6, 4
= 1 ± 0.01 MHz
Sol: nN2 = 2 nO2 = 3
70. Ans: 2 Rhr + 2 RhR 3
PO2 = × 10 = 6 atm
5
71. Ans: 3.7 to 4.2 MHz PN2 = 4 atm

72. Ans: Twice the audio signal frequency.


80. Ans: 1.673

73. Ans: 16 O2 −
8 6.023 × 1023
Sol: Time required = hrs
16 O2 − , 1020 × 60 × 60
Sol: For the species, 8 = 1.673
No. of electrons = 8 + 2 = 10
No. of protons = 8 81. Ans: II and V
No. of neutrons = 8
21
Sol: I & II are alkali metals
74. Ans: 1 × 10 II is more reactive.
V is an inert gas, hence the least
hc reactive non–metal.
Sol: Energy of a photon, E =
λ
82. Ans: I2
6.626 × 10 −34 (Js) × 3 × 108 (ms −1)
=
331.3 × 10 −9 (m) Sol: H2O2 in alkaline medium
= 6 × 10 J
–19 reduces Ι2 to Ι−
No. of photons emitted per second
83. Ans: Cu2O
600(J) 21
= = 10
−19
6 × 10 (J) Sol: C – CO curve is below Cu – Cu2O
curve at lower temperatures.
0
75. Ans: 911.7 A 84. Ans: Rb

 1 Sol: Rb produces red violet flame in flame


− 1 
Sol: υ = RH  − test.
 n2 n2 
 1 2
85. Ans: F
n1 = 1 and n2 = α
− Sol: Oxidation state of fluorine in all its
∴ υ = RH compounds is –1.
86. Ans: H3PO3 Sol: Mole ratio of Al, Cu and Na deposited
1 1
Sol: H3PO3 is a dibasic acid. by 1 Faraday = : :1=2:3:6
3 2
87. Ans: 1 and 5 97. Ans: 2 × 0.693
Sol: Mn exhibits +7 oxidation state. Sol: For first order reaction,
Zn exhibits +2 oxidation state.
0.693
Rate = k A '0 = . A0
88. Ans: +7 t1
2
Sol: Maximum oxidation state of +7 is exhibited For zero order reaction,
A0
by Np and Pu Rate = k A 00 =
2t 1
89. Ans: –130 2
Ratio in rates = 2 × 0.693
H –1
98. Ans: –110 kJ mol
O O
Sol: H – H + O = O →H
∆H = Ea f − Ear = –110 kJ mol
–1
Sol:
∆H = 438 + 498 – (2 × 464 + 138)
= 936 – 1066
–1 99. Ans: Gas and liquid
= –130 kJ mol

90. Ans: qrev + wrev Sol: Soap lather is a gas in liquid system.

Sol: ∆U = q + w 100. Ans: ZSM–5


∆U is a state function.
Sol: ZSM–5 (type of zeolite) used to convert
91. Ans: CH3COONH4 alcohols directly into gasoline.

Sol: CH3COONH4 is a salt of weak acid and 101. Ans: 2 and 4


weak base.
Sol: [Co(NH3)6] [Cr(CN)6] is an ionic
92. Ans: 1.0 × 10
–5 compound. Both cation and anion carry
3 unit charges. It exhibits co–ordination
1 isomerism.
× K 2 = 1 × 10
–5
Sol: K3 =
K1 102. Ans: Thiocyanato

93. Ans: 60 g Sol: Thiocyanate (CNS ) is an ambidentate
ligand.
 P0 − P  w M
Sol:   × 100 = 2 × 1 × 100 = 10 103. Ans: to decompose Na2S and NaCN, if
0
 P  M w1 present
2
w2 18
× × 100 = 10 Sol: Na2S and NaCN are decomposed by
60 180 nitric acid to volatile H2S and HCN.
w2 = 60 g
104. Ans: 1, 3–butadiene
94. Ans: 0.1428 M
Sol: CH2 = CH – CH = CH2 (1, 3–butadiene)
Sol: 500 ml 0.2 M is diluted to 700 mL
0 .2 105. Ans: (III) > (IV) > (II) > (I)
∴ Final molarity = = 0.1428
1 .4
Sol: Order of decreasing acidity is
95. Ans: ClO
– ethyne > propyne > ethene > ethane

Sol:

In ClO , chlorine is in +1 oxidation state, 106. Ans: 2–Butene
which is an intermediate one and hence
an increase or decrease in oxidation state Sol: 2–butene is a symmetrical alkene.
is possible.
107. Ans: tert–butyl
96. Ans: 2 : 3 : 6
CH3 114. Ans: 1, 2 and 4

CH3 C O
Sol:
CH3 Sol: Compounds containing CH 3 C or
CH3 – CHOH – group give positive
t-butyl carbocation iodoform test.
It can have 9 hyperconjugative
structures. 115. Ans: aniline

Sol: Since chlorobenzene does not undergo


108. Ans: (CH3)2CH – COOH nucleophilic substitution reaction readily
with potassium phthalimide, aniline
Sol: Presence of electron donating groups cannot be prepared by Gabriel’s
decreases the acid strength of carboxylic phthalimide synthesis.
acids.
116. Ans: Aniline
109. Ans: Geometrical isomerism

Sol: Geometrical isomerism is due to Sol: Aniline is less basic than other given
restricted bond rotation. amines because of the delocalisation of
the lone pair of electrons on nitrogen with
110. Ans: 2, 8–Dimethyl 4, 6–decadiene the benzene ring.
Sol: 117. Ans: Uracil
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
CH 3 CH CH 2 CH= CH CH = CH CH CH3
Sol: Uracil is present in RNA, not in DNA.
CH3 CH 2 CH 3
9 10 118. Ans: β–D–galactose and β–D–glucose
111. Ans: Aromatic electrophilic substitution
Sol: Lactose is composed of β–D–galactose
Sol: Chlorination of benzene in presence of and β–D–glucose
halogen carrier is an example of
aromatic electrophilic substitution. 119. Ans: Sucrolose

112. Ans: 1 and 4 only Sol: Sucrolose is a trichloroderivative of


sucrose.
Sol: Aryl halides are less reactive towards
nucleophilic substitution because of the 120. Ans: Cationic detergent
partial double bond character of
carbon–halogen bonds. It is also partly CH3
due to repulsion between the electron Sol:
+
cloud of the benzene ring and the
CH3 (CH2)15 N CH3 Br
nucleophile.
CH3
113. Ans: 2, 3 and 5 only
cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide
Sol: Aldol condensation is not given by
aldehydes and ketones which do not
contain α–hydrogen atoms.