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LICEUL DE STIINTE ALE NATURIIGRIGORE ANTIPA BOTOSANI

PROF. IRINA TELISCA

TIMPURILE LIMBII ENGLEZE


I. Present Simple Tense (prima forma a verbului)
a) aciuni obinuite, repetate (Habitual Simple Present); este folosit cu adverbe sau locuiuni
adverbiale de timp ca: often, frequently, seldom, rarely, sometimes, every day/week/month/year
I go to school every day.
She goes skiing in winter.
b) pentru a exprima adevruri general valabile:
Water boils at 1000 Centigrade.
It snows in winter/ It rains in autumn..
c) pentru a exprima comentarii, exclamaii, demonstraii (Prezentul instantaneu):
The goal-keeper misses the ball and one more goal is scored. (Portarul nu prinde mingea i se
marcheaz nc un gol.)
Here comes my girl/boy-friend! Iat (c) vine prietenul/a mea/meu.
I now mix the butter with the cocoa. (Acum amestec untul cu cacao.)
d) pentru a exprima aciuni viitoare care au loc ca parte a unui program oficial
The train leaves at 4. 30 p.m.
Question: Do you go to school every day?
Answer: Yes, I do. Yes, he/she does.
No, I dont. No, he doesnt.
II. Present Continuous Tense: AM / ARE Vb.-ing
a) aciuni n desfurare n momentul vorbirii
I am reading now.
b) aciuni viitoare (de obicei verbul este nsoit de un adverb de timp):
We are having a meeting at 3 oclock this afternoon.
What are you doing tonight?
c) aciuni temporare:
I am doing all the house work this week.
We are eating in the kitchen during this cold weather.
Question: Are we having a meeting this afternoon?
Answer: Yes, we are. No, we arent.
III. Present Perfect Simple Tense: HAVE / HAS + Vb.-ed/ forma 3
a) aciune nceput n trecut, avnd un caracter nedefinit (este nsoit de since, for for a long
time, for ten minutes, etc):
He has been here for half an hour.
I have lived in this house since I was born.
She has known her since 1999.
Ive been to the theatre this week.
b) aciune trecut ncheiat recent (folosit de obicei cu just, lately, already, up to now, recently):
He has just phoned.
I have just met her.
c) aciune terminat, al crei moment nu este precizat exact:
He has drunk his tea.
I have heard a noise.
Question: Have you seen her?
Answer: No, I havent.
IV. Present Perfect Continuous Tense: HAVE/HAS + BEEN + Vb.-ing
a) aciune nceput ntr-un moment trecut care continu n prezent i poate i n viitor:
He has been reading for an hour.
He has been living in Bucharest for ten years.
Ive been working on this composition sice fice oclock. (and I am still working)

b) aciune repetat frecvent ntr-o perioad de timp care se ntinde din trecut pn n prezent
(dac se precizeaz de cte ori a fost svrit aciunea repetat se va folosi Present Perfect Simple
Tense):
I have been riding this bicycle for three years. (merg cu bicicleta de trei ani)
He has been writing poems since he was a child.
Question: Have you ever been to England?
Answer: No, I havent.
V. Past Simple Tense: forma a II-a / Vb. +ed
a) aciune svrit i ncheiat ntr-un moment trecut :
I went to the opera last night.
I called on him yesterday.
b) aciune obinuit, repetat n trecut (often, usually, freqvently):
I often visited him.
Marin Preda wrote a several novels and short stories.
c) aciune obinuit, repetat numai n trecut (se folosete used to):
He used to drink a lot of milk (when he was young)
Question: Did he said something?
Answer: No, he didnt.
VI. Past Continuous Tense: WAS/WERE + Vb.-ing
a) aciune n desfurare ntr-un moment din trecut (specificarea momentului este obligatorie):
What were you doing at 8 oclock (yesterday)?
b) aciune trecut cu caracter temporar:
She was living in Braov when I met her.
c) Dou aciuni care se desfoar simultan ntr-un moment din trecut:
When we arrived everyone was shouting, except David and Lisa who were watching Tv.
Question: Was he going out?
Answer: Yes, he was.
VII. Past Perfect Simple Tense: HAD + Vb.-ed/ forma 3
a) acine trecut ncheiat naintea unui moment trecut :
I had finished my lessons by ten oclock yesterday. mi terminasem leciile nainte de ora 10 ieri.
b) aciune din trecut desfurat anterior altei aciuni din trecut:
When Doris got to the theatre the show had already strated. Cnd Doris a ajuns la teatru,
spectacolul deja ncepuse.
He had finished the book by the time you came. El terminase cartea cnd tu ai ajuns.
c) aciune trecut ncheiat imediat dup o alt aciune trecut:
I had just got into the classroom when the bell rang. Tocmai intrasem n clas cnd a sunt
clopoelul.
Question: Had he fineshed the book..?
Answer:Yes, he had finished..
VIII. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: HAD BEEN + Vb.-ing
a) aciune trecut, nceput naintea altei aciuni trecute, continund pn la ea:
I had been waiting for my friend since two oclock when he finally arrived. l ateptam pe
prietenul meu de la ora dou cnd n sfrit a sosit.
b) aciune trecut, nceput naintea altei aciuni trecute, continund pn la ea i poate i dup
aceea :
They had been playing bootball all morning. Ei jucaser fotbal toat dimineaa.
c) aciune repetat frecvent n trecut, anterioar unei aciuni trecute :
He had been writing poems for two years when I met him. Scria poezii de doi ani cnd l-am
cunoscut.