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# Reinforced Concrete (2)

Lecture III
Columns

Egypt

Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

14CIVL11I

## Reinforced Concrete Design (2)

14CIVL11I

Lecture contents
- Analysis under eccentric compression
- Construction of Interaction Diagrams
- Design using Interaction Diagrams
- Approximate method for large eccentricities
- Design under eccentric tension

## The British University in

Egypt

M.Shedid

Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

Usually moment is represented by axial load times eccentricity,
i.e. M = P x e

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Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

14CIVL11I

## Reinforced Concrete Design (2)

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Resultant forces acting at centroid

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M.Shedid

Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

Plastic centroid

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Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

## Reinforced Concrete Design (2)

14CIVL11I

An Interaction Diagram is a Graph Representing the Relationship
Between Axial Load and Moment Capacities of a RC cross section
( Failure Envelope) or
( Design Envelope)
Concrete crushes
before tension
steel yields
Tension steel
yields before
concrete crushes

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M.Shedid

Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

## Reinforced Concrete Design (2)

14CIVL11I

How to construct ID
Select a c value
(essentially you are
selecting a strain profile).
Calculate the stress in the
steel components
Calculate the forces in the
steel and concrete, Cc, Cs and
Ts.
Determine Pr value.
centroid.
Compute eccentricity,
e = Mr / Pr.
The British University in
Egypt

Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

14CIVL11I

## Reinforced Concrete Design (2)

14CIVL11I

Interaction Diagram

## The British University in

Egypt

M.Shedid

Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

strain for concrete is 0.003

0.003

## Now increase eccentricity until

tensile face strain = 0, and
compressive face strain = 0.003
c=h

0.003

a
The British University in
Egypt

Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

## Reinforced Concrete Design (2)

14CIVL11I

Next, increase eccentricity until tensile face rebar reaches yield:

0.003

0.003

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M.Shedid

Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

## Reinforced Concrete Design (2)

14CIVL11I

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Example
Draw Interaction Diagram for the column shown
fcu = 30 MPa
fy = 400 MPa

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Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

14CIVL11I

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## Reinforced Concrete Design (2)

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Example (cont.)
Point 1 (Pure compression)

## The British University in

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M.Shedid

Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

Example (cont.)
Point 3
Balanced condition

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Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

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Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

## Reinforced Concrete Design (2)

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Example (cont.)
Point 4
Tension failure zone

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## M= 700 kN.m and P=1000 kN

Example (cont.)
M=200kN.m and P=2000kN
Interaction diagram

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Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

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## Design using I-D

Each design chart (dimensionless interaction diagrams) includes
several curves. Each curve represents a different t value for
different fy and fc
In design charts:
x- axis represents Mr/(fcubt2),
y-axis represents Pr /(fcubt)
To select a proper design chart, check the;
- g value
- Arrangement of steel
In the final design stage objective is to select the cross section dimensions and to
find the steel area and arrangement. Therefore engineer makes assumption about
arrangement of steel and enters the charts.
The British University in
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M.Shedid

Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

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Ph.D., P.Eng.

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## Design using I-D (cont.)

Design a rectangular column 250x650 to carry:
PUL= 1700 kN, MUL= 300 kN.m
fcu= 30 MPa, fy = 360 MPa

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M.Shedid

Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

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Ph.D., P.Eng.

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Ph.D., P.Eng.

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Summary

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Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

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## Design for large eccentricity (cont.)

Compression failure

Tension failure

## I.D. for = 0.4 to 1.0

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Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

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Tension failure

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Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

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Example 1
Design a rectangular section using the following information
MUL = 300 kN.m, NUL=900 kN, b = 250 mm

220

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Ph.D., P.Eng.

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## Reinforced Concrete Design (2)

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Example 2
Design a rectangular section using the following information
MUL = 500 kN.m, NUL=750 kN, b = 300 mm

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Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

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## Design eccentric tension

Small eccentricity

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Large eccentricity

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Ph.D., P.Eng.

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## Design eccentric tension (cont.)

Small eccentricity

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## Design eccentric tension (cont.)

Large eccentricity (approx. method)

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Marwan Shedid
Ph.D., P.Eng.

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