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ABSTRAC

FLORENCIUS EKO DWI HARYONO. This studi title is Institutional


Aspect and Demersal Fisheries Management in The Makassar Strait.
This study aims at raveling the existence of illegal demersal fishing
gear, namely the trawl, operated in Makassar Strait; knowing the
effectiveness of the formal and informal institutions in managing
demersal fisheries of South Sulawesi; and formulating institutional
collaboration between the formal and informal institutions in managing
and utilizing the coastal resources.
The survey study method applied and completed by semi-
structured interview, observation, and measuring the demersal fishing
gear that operated in Makassar strait. The observations data to
knowing demmersal fishing gears and the existence of trawl fishing
gear parameters, such as the existence of otter board, the gear towed
on sea bed, and the aim of fishing operation is prawn is compared by
President Decision Number 39 / 1989 : Forbidden of Trawl Operation.
The data, table and score analyzed, and explained descriptively.
The result of the study are : the demersal fishing gear operated
in Makasar strait are 42 gill net boats, 9 cantrang boats [on boat beach
seine], and 101 small scale trawls.
Table 1. Demersal fishing gear in Makassar
N Fishing Gear Sum [Boat]
o
1 Gillnet 42
2 Cantrang[ beachsein] 9
3 Trawl [Small Scale] 101

The conclusions of the study are ; that trawl is still used and
operated in Makassar waters by fisherman on Cambaya Caddi and
Cambaya Lompo villages in sub district Cambaya, Distric Ujung Tanah,
Makassar; that the the traditional client-patrons institution, the
Punggawa-Sawi, benefited economically from the trawl operation; and
that collaborations of formal institutions of Marine Affair and Fisheries
Institutions Makassar Regency, the Indonesian Navy, and the Sea and
Sky Police [Polairud] is not effective in managing the demersal fisheries
resources of Makassar waters. The ineffectiveness of that formal
institutions collaboration are due several factors :
a. Weakness of law enforcement by enforcer of that institutions
b. Overlapping of investigation authorities among the
institutions, which is caused by ineffectiveness in regulation.
c. Resistance of fisherman to operate the trawl for their survival.
d. Limited allocation for surveillance, especially for the Marine
Affairs and Fisheries Regency, in fisheries management.
This study suggested that collaboration between the formal, the
informal institutions, and the non-trawl demersal fisherman on the
fisheries management surveillance is necessary for sustainability of the
resources. Furthermore, to accommodate the development of
demersal fisheries, regulation on demersal fisheries is desirable.

MARINE MANAGEMENT SPECIAL PROGRAMM


PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT REGION STUDY PROGRAMM
HASANUDDIN UNIVERSITY
MAKASSAR
2003