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User Generated Content

and Fan Films

• User Generated Content
• User-generated content (UGC), also known as
Consumer Generated Media (CGM) or user-
created content (UCC), refers to various kinds
of media content, publicly available, that are
produced by end-users/audience members
• The BBC set up a user generated content
team as a pilot in April 2005 with 3 staff.
• In the wake of the 7th July London
bombings and the Buncefield oil depot
fire, reflecting the arrival in the
mainstream of the 'citizen journalist'.
• After the Buncefield disaster the BBC
received over 5,000 photos from viewers.
The BBC does not normally pay for
content generated by its viewers.
• Citizen journalism
• The concept of members of the public "playing an
active role in the process of collecting, reporting,
analyzing and disseminating news and
• According to the 2003 report We Media: How
Audiences are Shaping the Future of News and
Information. Authors Shayne Bowman and Chris
Willis say: "The intent of this participation is to
provide independent, reliable, accurate, wide-
ranging and relevant information that a
democracy requires."
• Current TV
• Current TV is a media company
led by former U.S. Vice
President Al Gore and
businessman Joel Hyatt.
• The Current cable television
network went on the air in the
US on August 1, 2005.
• Current TV Broadcasting Platforms
• BSkyB started broadcasting Current TV in UK
and Ireland on March 12, 2007 (Sky EPG
number 229 and Virgin Media Channel 155).
• In 2007, Current TV started VoD service on
Virgin Media.
• Current TV Web Resources
• Current TV is also available through the following
 Current YouTube Channel
 iGoogle Gadget – Current:News and Current TV videos
 iTunes podcasts
 RSS feeds
 Adobe Media Player
Current TV and Web 2.0
Current TV and User
Generated Content
• Current TV Pods
• Current TV features "pods,"
or short programs, of which
a portion are created by
viewers and users.
• This is an example of citizen
• Current TV Pods
• Users (called VC2 Producers) contribute three-to-
seven-minute "pods", which are on a variety of
subject matter.
• The content is filtered by registered users, on
Current's website through a voting process, but pods
are ultimately approved or disapproved by Current's
on-air programming department.
• VC2 makes up a portion of the material aired on the
channel along with professionally produced product.
• Current TV VCAM
• Users can also create Viewer Created Ad Messages,
or V-CAMs and Current TV promos which are small
promotions for either Current TV or the general
topic of VC2.
• Viewers a chance to win $1000 for making a VCAM
• Current:News
• Current: News is an hourly news
broadcast with news stories
submitted and voted for by its
online community.
• This is not an example of citizen
journalism as the stories are
sourced from mainstream news
organisations but the fact that
they are submitted and voted on
my the Current website’s online
community make it highly
• Current:News
• Yahoo! Current Network
• On September 20, 2006, Current TV
started a short-lived partnership with
Yahoo to supply topic-specific
"channels" to the Yahoo Video
• Called the Yahoo! Current Network,
the first four channels, "Current
Buzz", "Current Traveler" "Current
Action" (about action sports) and
"Current Driver" quickly became the
most popular videos on the Yahoo
Video web site.
• There were Yahoo branded segments
on Current TV.
• Current, Twitter
and the 2008 US
• Current TV partnered with
Twitter for the 2008
Presidential and Vice-
Presidential debates, allowing
viewers watching the Current
TV version of the debates to
post live on Twitter and have
their opinions shown on
screen, live.
Fans Films
• Fan Films
• A fan film is a film or video inspired by a film, television
program, comic book or a similar source, created by fans
rather than by the source's copyright holders or creators.
• Fan films vary tremendously in quality, as well as in length,
from short faux-teaser trailers for non-existent motion
pictures to full-length motion pictures.
• (
• Fan Films
• Some fan film productions
achieve significant quantity and
or quality. For instance, the series
Star Trek: Hidden Frontier
produced 50 episodes over seven
seasons - compared to only 34
episodes for the 1970s sci-fi
series Battlestar Galactica and
Galactica 1980 combined.
• Star Trek: New Voyages started
as a fan production, but has since
attracted support from several
crew and cast members from the
different Star Trek series, as well
as a wide audience.
• Fan Films
• Until relatively recently, fan films operated under the radar of
the commercial operations, but the explosion of fan
productions brought about by affordable consumer
equipment and animation programs, along with the ease of
distribution created by the Internet has prompted several
studios to create official policies and programs regarding their
• Unlike many American TV shows, the British series Doctor
Who allowed its writers to retain the rights to characters and
plot elements that they created - most famously with Terry
Nation's Daleks.
• While the BBC has never licensed the character of the Doctor
for use in fan films, a number of the writers have consented to
allow the monsters and supporting characters they created to
be used in direct-to-video productions
• Fan Films
• The creators of Red Dwarf sponsored a fan film contest of
their own in 2005, inspired by an earlier fan film production in
2001 called Red Dwarf - The Other Movie, with a fairly wide
remit ranging from fictional stories set in the Red Dwarf
universe to documentaries about the show and its fandom.
• The two winning shorts were featured in their entirety as
bonus features on the Series VIII DVD release, along with a
montage of clips from the runner-up entries and a short intro
clip from Red Dwarf - The Other Movie.
• This made them among the first fan films to be commercially
released by a property's original creators.
• Fan Films Case Study: Star Trek New
Voyages: Phase II
• Star Trek New Voyages: Phase II is a fan-created science fiction series set in the Star
Trek universe, created by James Cawley in April 2003 and is released exclusively via the
• The show is a continuation of the original Star Trek and the first episode of the series
was released in January 2004, with new episodes being released at a rate of about one
per year.
• CBS (and previously Paramount Pictures), which owns the legal rights to the Star Trek
franchise, allows the distribution of fan-created material as long as no attempt is made
to profit from it without official authorization, and Phase II enjoys the same tolerance.
• Eugene Roddenberry Jr., the son of Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry, serves as
consulting producer.
• Some of the original actors have returned to reprise their roles, including George Takei
as Sulu and Walter Koenig as Chekov.
• The Phase II episode "World Enough and Time" was nominated for the Hugo Award for
Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form in 2008, alongside episodes of Doctor Who,
Torchwood and Battlestar Galactica, but it lost out to the Doctor Who episode "Blink“.
• Fan Films Case Study: Star Trek New
Voyages: Phase II