User Generated Content and Fan Films

• User Generated Content

• User-generated content (UGC), also known as Consumer Generated Media (CGM) or usercreated content (UCC), refers to various kinds of media content, publicly available, that are produced by end-users/audience members

• The BBC set up a user generated content team as a pilot in April 2005 with 3 staff. • In the wake of the 7th July London bombings and the Buncefield oil depot fire, reflecting the arrival in the mainstream of the 'citizen journalist'. • After the Buncefield disaster the BBC received over 5,000 photos from viewers. The BBC does not normally pay for content generated by its viewers. •

• Citizen journalism
• The concept of members of the public "playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing and disseminating news and information," • According to the 2003 report We Media: How Audiences are Shaping the Future of News and Information. Authors Shayne Bowman and Chris Willis say: "The intent of this participation is to provide independent, reliable, accurate, wideranging and relevant information that a democracy requires." •

• Current TV
• Current TV is a media company led by former U.S. Vice President Al Gore and businessman Joel Hyatt. • The Current cable television network went on the air in the US on August 1, 2005.

• Current TV Broadcasting Platforms
• BSkyB started broadcasting Current TV in UK and Ireland on March 12, 2007 (Sky EPG number 229 and Virgin Media Channel 155). • In 2007, Current TV started VoD service on Virgin Media.

• Current TV Web Resources
• Current TV is also available through the following websites/applications:
Current YouTube Channel iGoogle Gadget – Current:News and Current TV videos iTunes podcasts RSS feeds Adobe Media Player Facebook Twitter

Current TV and Web 2.0

Current TV and User Generated Content

• Current TV Pods
• Current TV features "pods," or short programs, of which a portion are created by viewers and users. • This is an example of citizen journalism.

• Current TV Pods
• Users (called VC2 Producers) contribute three-toseven-minute "pods", which are on a variety of subject matter. • The content is filtered by registered users, on Current's website through a voting process, but pods are ultimately approved or disapproved by Current's on-air programming department. • VC2 makes up a portion of the material aired on the channel along with professionally produced product.

• Current TV VCAM
• Users can also create Viewer Created Ad Messages, or V-CAMs and Current TV promos which are small promotions for either Current TV or the general topic of VC2. • Viewers a chance to win $1000 for making a VCAM advertisement

• Current:News
• Current: News is an hourly news broadcast with news stories submitted and voted for by its online community. • This is not an example of citizen journalism as the stories are sourced from mainstream news organisations but the fact that they are submitted and voted on my the Current website’s online community make it highly interactive.

• Current:News

• Yahoo! Current Network
• On September 20, 2006, Current TV started a short-lived partnership with Yahoo to supply topic-specific "channels" to the Yahoo Video website. • Called the Yahoo! Current Network, the first four channels, "Current Buzz", "Current Traveler" "Current Action" (about action sports) and "Current Driver" quickly became the most popular videos on the Yahoo Video web site. • There were Yahoo branded segments on Current TV.

• Current, Twitter and the 2008 US Presidential Debates
• Current TV partnered with Twitter for the 2008 Presidential and VicePresidential debates, allowing viewers watching the Current TV version of the debates to post live on Twitter and have their opinions shown on screen, live.

Fans Films

• Fan Films
• A fan film is a film or video inspired by a film, television program, comic book or a similar source, created by fans rather than by the source's copyright holders or creators. • Fan films vary tremendously in quality, as well as in length, from short faux-teaser trailers for non-existent motion pictures to full-length motion pictures. • (

• Fan Films
• Some fan film productions achieve significant quantity and or quality. For instance, the series Star Trek: Hidden Frontier produced 50 episodes over seven seasons - compared to only 34 episodes for the 1970s sci-fi series Battlestar Galactica and Galactica 1980 combined. • Star Trek: New Voyages started as a fan production, but has since attracted support from several crew and cast members from the different Star Trek series, as well as a wide audience.

• Fan Films
• Until relatively recently, fan films operated under the radar of the commercial operations, but the explosion of fan productions brought about by affordable consumer equipment and animation programs, along with the ease of distribution created by the Internet has prompted several studios to create official policies and programs regarding their existence. • Unlike many American TV shows, the British series Doctor Who allowed its writers to retain the rights to characters and plot elements that they created - most famously with Terry Nation's Daleks. • While the BBC has never licensed the character of the Doctor for use in fan films, a number of the writers have consented to allow the monsters and supporting characters they created to be used in direct-to-video productions

• Fan Films
• The creators of Red Dwarf sponsored a fan film contest of their own in 2005, inspired by an earlier fan film production in 2001 called Red Dwarf - The Other Movie, with a fairly wide remit ranging from fictional stories set in the Red Dwarf universe to documentaries about the show and its fandom. • The two winning shorts were featured in their entirety as bonus features on the Series VIII DVD release, along with a montage of clips from the runner-up entries and a short intro clip from Red Dwarf - The Other Movie. • This made them among the first fan films to be commercially released by a property's original creators.

• Fan Films Case Study: Star Trek New Voyages: Phase II
• • • • • • Star Trek New Voyages: Phase II is a fan-created science fiction series set in the Star Trek universe, created by James Cawley in April 2003 and is released exclusively via the Internet The show is a continuation of the original Star Trek and the first episode of the series was released in January 2004, with new episodes being released at a rate of about one per year. CBS (and previously Paramount Pictures), which owns the legal rights to the Star Trek franchise, allows the distribution of fan-created material as long as no attempt is made to profit from it without official authorization, and Phase II enjoys the same tolerance. Eugene Roddenberry Jr., the son of Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry, serves as consulting producer. Some of the original actors have returned to reprise their roles, including George Takei as Sulu and Walter Koenig as Chekov. The Phase II episode "World Enough and Time" was nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form in 2008, alongside episodes of Doctor Who, Torchwood and Battlestar Galactica, but it lost out to the Doctor Who episode "Blink“.

• Fan Films Case Study: Star Trek New Voyages: Phase II