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VOLUME-2 ISSUE-7 JULY 2007 www.cppr.

in

MINDTEXT
A n e - j o u r n a l f r o m C e n t r e f o r P u b l i c Po l i c y Re s e a r c h

MINDTEXT
is published by
CENTRE FOR PUBLIC POLICY RESEARCH
Nadakavu Post, Vaikom Road, Cochin
Kerala, India - 682 307

Editor : Athira A. Nair


( e-mail: mindtext@gmail.com)
Design/Layout : T.V.Vinu

MINDTEXT is published each month and distributed free of


cost. For subscription, written requests should be addressed
to mindtext@gmail.com

Centre for Public Policy Research endeavours in areas like research promotion, knowledge Articles or extracts from the CPPR material may be freely used
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would be a humble beginning towards its larger efforts aimed at the creation of an For other articles appearing in the journal, permission to re-
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CONTENTS
2 Editorial
ADIEU KALAM
5 Reflections
SOLVE MY LIFE
The "People's President" left the A poem by Remya H
Rashtrapathi Bhavan with a message for
every Indian.
6 Movie Review
HARRY POTTER AND THE
3 Insight
DANCE-A POWERFUL ORDER OF THE PHOENIX
A review by Athira A. Nair on the last
EXPRESSIVE THERAPY sequel of Potter movies.
Dr.Sarada Rajeevan on Dance Therapy

4 RAW
MERCY KILLING
7 Photo Gallery
Photos from the seminar ‘Equity and
Social Justice in a Globalised World – A
T.V.Vinu writes about the plight of Cochin Liberal Review’ held in Germany
city due to waste (mis)management.

5 Abhay finds the difference between dreams


HOLDING ON 9 Media Report
A report on Jeevika Film Festival
organized by CPPR at Rajagiri College.
and accomplishments.

5 Spirituality 9 Snapshot
Picture of the Month
SEEKING TRUTH
A passage from the teachings of
J.Krishnamurti 10 Reverberations
Your say about MindText
EDITORIAL

ADIEU KALAM!
Abdul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, aka APJ Abdul Kalam, widely known as the "People's
President", left Rashtrapathi Bhavan last month; completing his five golden years of popularity and
emphasizing his unflinching commitment to the principles of our nationhood. Gone was a man who
always stood for secularism, scientific and economic progress of the county, and, above all, who
understood the worth and dignity of humanity. His last message to the nation was "I want to bring
self-confidence in every Indian," and that is up to his people, we Indians, to fulfill.

Meanwhile, after winning a comprehensive election victory, with nearly two-thirds of votes cast in
the state assemblies and India's parliament, a lady has, for the first time ever, adorned the throne of
the nation. Mrs. Prathibha Devisingh Patil has created history, being India's first woman president and
13th in the chronological order. She swore in on 25th July 2007. Now, I think, it is time for us to reflect
upon the legacy that her predecessor left us with.

Kalam recollected, in his last speech to the media as the President of the nation, what swami
Vivekananda said; "My name should not be made prominent. It is my ideas that I want to be realized."
That was Kalam. The scientist-president who wrote the future of India in "India 2020: a Vision for the
New Millennium"; the visionary who found the fantastic hidden potential of India among the youth
and asked the nation to awake and work hard to turn their dreams into wonderful realities; the most
enigmatic and influential President we ever had; perhaps even the most loved. It does not take much
to realize why he was so endearing to the nation; his reputation of hard work, his love for children,
his visions of a great India, his belief in his people and most importantly his peculiar hairstyle!

While many of his contemporaries left no time in traveling to foreign countries for "official" matters,
Kalam also was a well-traveled man, but inside the country. His visits were mainly to address the
students, and his words had the power and strength that nothing else had. His books- both
autobiographical and others- were read even by school children for the profoundness they gave.
"Wings of Fire" and "Ignited Minds" even won their place in the best-selling category. His political and
religious views, never partial and always admirable, made him an outstanding person in the history
of Indian high-ranking officials.

The entire atmosphere in Rashtrapati Bhavan has changed since he took charge. He wanted an
element of freshness and change in everything. From modernizing Rashtrapathi Bhavan's 75-year-old
kitchen, renovating the Ashoka Hall, introducing new uniforms, high-tech training for his butlers and
adopting pets - the bachelor Kalam was a man of change. It was Kalam's intervention that led to the
replacement of age-old cooking gadgets in the kitchen with modern amenities, including a new
bakery. His love for nature and birds and his kindness to all his fellow-beings made him a 'nice human-
being' as the staffs at Rashtrapathi Bhavan say.

Before leaving the place, Kalam left behind his distinctive stamp in the way he has brought in
innovations and changed the style of functioning of the presidential palace - something which none
of his predecessors had done. When he hosted the customary tea party for the media at Ashoka Hall
of Rashtrapati Bhavan, he even took time to meet each one of the media persons personally. Asked
what he would miss the most, Mr. Kalam said he had opened the doors of Rashtrapati Bhavan to the
common people and as a common person he would not miss anything. "But I am going to miss the
garden and my walks here," he said. Throughout his stay at Rashtrapati Bhavan, he had invited
postmen, police constables, visually challenged school children and special children to the
customary tea parties hosted by him. "I have lived all my life as a common man; I came here as a
common man and I will go as a common man. I have assignments to teach at five universities,
including Anna University and the one at Gandhigram ," Mr. Kalam said while freely interacting with
the newspersons.

Typical of Mr. Kalam, his sending off from Raisina Hill was done in great style and spirit. He met
everyone from MPs to journalists to school children, as he bid farewell to what he described as 'a
great five years'. Mr. Kalam has already declared his intentions of going back to teaching in Chennai
University but promised that his mission of India Vision 2020, that seeks to make India a developed
nation in two decades time, will be his priority till the end.

We might have a brilliant President in Mrs.Patil too, but we will still miss Kalam; we can't stop him
now, on his new mission of enlightening this generation of students and leading his country to further
progress. If there is at all something that A.P.J Abdul Kalam leaves behind then it has to be his
message to the youth to dream big. His constant reminder to the youth to reach for the stars and
never lose hope can be singled out as the biggest achievement of his tenure. And for that, he
deserves the nomenclature of a great President and a great man.
Adieu Kalam!

- Athira A. Nair, Editor

MINDTEXT | Volume-2 Issue-7 | July 2007 2


INSIGHT

DANCE
A POWERFUL EXPRESSIVE
THERAPY
Dr. Sarada Rajeevan

Dance:
The word 'dance' emerges from the French word 'dancier' that means
movement. Dance with or without music produces rhythm and sound. It
is a powerful mode of non- verbal communication. It certainly is an
important part of human life. Among the Indian dance styles, Bharatha
Natyam and Mohiniyattam rein the minds of Keralites.

Therapy:
Therapy means treatment. It is the remediation of a health problem
based on diagnosis. Expressive therapy is a treatment system that aims
at a person's emotional and physical well-being. It helps one to use the
cognitive and emotional capabilities to meet demands in one's life.

Expressive therapy:
Expressive therapy originated in the work of Carl Rogers in 1940s and 1950s. Later, his daughter, Natalie Rogers, developed it as
a field of study. She incorporated expressive elements in therapy. Expressive therapy focuses on creative arts like music and
dance. It takes different forms based on the medium it chooses. For example, the use of music makes it music therapy. The use
of painting, drawing, sculpture and other forms of art makes it art therapy. The use of theatre arts makes it drama therapy. The
use of toys and other materials to play makes it play therapy. Similarly, the use of dance makes it dance therapy. Whether it is
music, dance or theatre arts, all of them focus on the same modality of promoting artistic and creative expressions to enhance
self- esteem, self- confidence and personal growth.

Stress:
Emotions drive one to different destinations in one's life. It is so natural for a person to seek pleasure and avoid pain.
Unfortunately, one comes across with several situations in one's life that compel the person to manage stress. Many times, one
finds it difficult to cope with stress. The Law of Conservation of one's Energy may take a 360-degree turnaround. It may become
extremely difficult to express one's emotions spontaneously. One may learn the defense mechanism of suppression of
emotions in extreme situations of stress. In the long run, one may become mentally unhealthy or sometimes mentally ill.

Mental health:
Various scholars define mental health in different ways. Concepts of mental health include subjective well being, perceived
self efficacy, autonomy, competence, intergenerational dependence, and self actualization of one's physical, intellectual and
emotional potential. Satisfaction, happiness and growth become the parameters of mental health. Mental health is so vital to
personal and social well-being. Yet, only a minority of people suffering from mental health problems gets treatment. Like in
many physical illnesses, mental health problems are also the result of a complex interaction of the biological, sociological and
psychological factors. While there is much to be researched in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health problems and
their prevention, efforts are consolidated towards widening the scope of expressive therapy to address issues of mental health
such as depression, anxiety, erosion of self-esteem, self- confidence.

Thus, expressive therapy offers a holistic and natural approach to stress management. It is the best fit for rehabilitating
survivors of traumatic experiences. It helps to express emotional distress resulting from permanent separation like death. It is
a perfect psycho- physical blend to address a wide range of emotional issues. It tremendously boosts the symbiotic relationship
between the mind and body. Starting off as a medium of entertainment, dance has become a powerful expressive therapy to
console, relax and expand the horizon of mental health. The power of dance to evoke a depressed mind to action, to blot the
re-emerging pain of the traumatized survivors, to set off anger, anxiety, and other emotions is quite evident from its impressive
results in expressive therapy.

Dr.Sarada Rajeevan, M.A.(Economics), M.A. (Psychology), M.S. (Clinical Psychology from the California State University in the U.S.A.), Ph.D. (Stress
Management) is an International Consultant Clinical Psychologist and faculty member of the Cochin University of Science and Technology. She has published
books on human trafficking, written several articles on varied topics relating to psychology. She has specialized in trauma treatment and rehabilitation. Dr.
Sarada had innovatively applied music therapy among the survivors of Tsunami in Kerala. This article is about dance as a medium of therapy.

MINDTEXT | Volume-2 Issue-7 | July 2007 3


RAW

MERCY KILLING! By T.V.Vinu

We all have the right to live, equally, with dignity, in a healthy and peaceful TAKE
environment. But not in these parts of the Gods Own Country. Nope, I am not talking
about euthanasia. I am talking about The Corporation of Cochin. The latest in the news RESPONSIBILITY
is that some 150 school children have been admitted to Lourdes Hospital with headache
and vomiting due to foul smell from the new garbage dumping site in west Marine Drive. AND
Last time, truck-loads of scum, from this city was taken to a place called Brahmapuram DO
and was dumped there with scant regard to the health of hundreds of residents in that
area. Some were taken ill and hospitalized. Some had to flee. I was really moved by the THE
news that some of the residents had to flee from their homes and find refuge in other NEEDFUL...
places. What did they do to live like refugees? (It's inappropriate to call the refugees,
but I find no other term.) Aren't the people living in Brahmapuram humans too? Who is
responsible for their life? Is this what the administration has to offer to the people of this
city? Or rather, is this what you call administration?

The Waste management issue is going in circles now-a-days. Officially: From the Mayor
to the District Collector; From District Collector to the Court; From the Court to the
Mayor. And back again. What is happening practically is that the waste is being carried
from one dumping site to another dumping site. A number of Waste Management plans
or strategies came and went, but nothing happened and the city still stinks. First, the
authorities tried to dump waste in uninhibited areas within the Corporation limits. Then
it started dumping in Wellington Island, which was later halted due to objection from the
Navy. Then it was proposed to acquire land in Brahmapuram and start building a waste
management unit (The building and the unit still rests in the official papers). In the
meantime the authorities had a (brilliant) idea to dump the waste in Tamil Nadu, but the
trucks had to return halfway as their entry into that state was barred. So they were back
in Brahmapuram. When the locals resisted, truckloads of waste was dumped there with
Police protection. I wonder for what the Police Force is paid, to protect the waste, or to
protect the people? ...AND
The reason is simple. No one, absolutely no one in the administration has the slightest
PLEASE
idea as to how the waste should be handled. They have no knowledge about waste
management. All they know is to dump. (That is what they do with the files! Old habits, I
DON'T
guess!) All the politicians know to blame each other, but do not have a solution. The BLAME
opposition blames the ruling party and walks out. The ruling parties talk about plans,
and then shelve them due to "legal hurdles" or "impracticality". AL-QUEDA!
All ideas, plans, proposals, strategies have failed. (I
am quite elated as Justice V.R.Krishna Iyer has shot
a letter to the Corporation Mayor with regard to its
administration.)

All that our Worshipful Mayor has to say is "We are


thinking of…..". Madam, you have proved that
thinking is such a waste of time (and money, lots of
it). Just go through the plans you made in the last
two years, the meetings you conducted, the money
you spent. Where are the results? What are you
doing with the people, holding them at your mercy?
Take responsibility and do the needful. (And please
don't blame Al-Queda!)

Do you know those three monkeys, the one with his


eyes closed, the other with ears and the third with
mouth? This Corporation has got a new one coming
in, one with the nose held tight. Now you ask him
The image search result for “gods own country” in www.flickr.com.
and he'll say, "Euthanasia is better!!". Image Courtesy flickr.com

MINDTEXT | Volume-2 Issue-7 | July 2007 4


RAW REFLECTIONS

HOLDING ON... By Abhay


SOLVE MY LIFE Remya H.

Never give up. Life teaches us many things. It takes us through His eyes spoke so loudly -
a multitude of emotions. It drains us emotionally and takes us In the silent language of hearts .
on a high. But some things just can't be shown. They have to
be learned by your self. And one of those is to learn to hold on Wonder many a time , I did -
and not give up. How the loud pounds
of the tiny red pouch ;
We live in a world where every one wants to be the best and The rhythm of life - got unnoticed.
where every friendship every brotherhood and every other
relationship is lost is our search to be the best. The world will He made time tick by
try and pull you down, every opportunity it receives. It has no Just by being close
mercy for the weak ready to give in after the first fall, laughs And made me count each tick
at those who try harder and eventually give up and worships As soon as , to leave - he arose.
every man who does reach the top on his own effort.
Of likes and lies ,
We all want to be that worshipped one. But do we try or do we Of gestures and glances ,
just sit there and cogitate over our bad luck and about Of sounds and silence ,
everything that worked against us in cohesive unison in some Of smiles and soreness -
universal conspiracy that is beyond our understanding. How
many people have failed in spite of having the talent and What do I say
potential to reach the top? How many people just sit there What everything meant....
and complain about how they never get a second chance and
how everything just worked against them. How they were Where are thy caressing hands?
forced to give up 'cos they don't believe in their dreams any Smiles that bloomed without demands?
more. The thing is there is no conspiracy! Only our own egos
and consciousness that sometimes holds us back from trying I am lost; or Am I ?
again not because we don't want to but because we are afraid
of failure of falling before the goal is achieved. We put Life is now a jigsaw puzzle -
ourselves in a position where we can't get out of. Of which you are the missing piece

We put too much emphasis of what the world around things Come hither , my love
about you. It doesn't make you smart 'cos there are some My eyes - your abode
things that you can do perfectly and it doesn't make you Sans thee I am all alone.
stupid because people think that you are. Just remember
that anyone who feels he is not as good as you will always try REMYA.H, software engineer, Infosys.
to pull you down and those who are better or equal wont try.
No matter what you do, never give up on your dreams as
anyone without a dream is a dead soul in a living body.

It's the power of dreams that push you forward and that tells
SPRITUALITY
you to hold on and break every known human boundaries of
endurance and pain to reach the threshold of that glory that
you have always imagined of. It doesn't matter if you fall, if
you don't get the support of people around you. All that
matters is the desire to do something and to stand up and be
SEEKING TRUTH
We do not have to seek truth. Truth is not
counted! Not everybody has the courage and the tenacity to something far away. It is the truth of the mind, truth of its
hold on, to be true to themselves even though the world is activities from moment to moment. If we are aware of
falling around you. It takes more than just will power to go this moment-to-moment truth, of this whole process of
that extra distance to be what you always wanted to be. time, this awareness releases consciousness or that
energy to be. As long as the mind uses consciousness as
The difference between dreams and accomplishments is the self-activity, time comes into being with all its
purely DESIRE! miseries, with all its conflicts, with all its mischiefs, its
purposive deceptions; and it is only when the mind,
understanding this total process, ceases, that love will
be. You may call it love or give it some other names; what
name you give is of no consequence.
Courtesy : Choiceless Awareness - A Selection of Passages from the
Abhay is a student at Arena Multimedia Teachings of J. Krishnamurti. Www.jkrishnamurti.org

MINDTEXT | Volume-2 Issue-7 | July 2007 5


MOVIE REVIEW
HARRY POTTER AND THE ORDER OF THE PHOENIX
By Athira A. Nair

The Story
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix opens with Harry still at the dreaded Dursleys and bored to tears at being
cooped up in the land of Muggles. But everything abruptly changes when Harry and his cousin Dudley are attacked by the soul-
sucking dementors who are definitely not supposed to be anywhere near Private Drive. The only way Harry is able to save himself
and Dudley, is by using magic, something forbidden to under-age wizards, outside Hogwarts. News of his use of magic travels at
the speed of light to the Ministry of Magic and Harry soon receives a notice that he's been expelled from school. Thanks to some
timely intervention by Professor Dumbledore (Michael Gambon); Harry has spared expulsion, but that doesn't do much to lighten
his spirits. Lord Voldemort (Ralph Fiennes) has been haunting his dreams and Harry's sure He Who Must Not Be Named is close by.
Meanwhile Harry, Hermione, Ron and a good portion of the Weasley clan have taken up residence in Harry's godfather's place.
Sirius Black (Gary Oldman) has provided a meeting place for the Order of the Phoenix, a secret group made up of some of the
most powerful wizards and aurors (otherwise known as dark wizard catchers) whose mission is to battle Voldemort.

Complicating matters is a smear campaign waged by the Ministry of Magic and its puppet paper, The Daily Prophet, which
finds at least a column everyday, to insult Harry and Dumbledore. Thus, Harry returns for his fifth year of study at Hogwarts to
discover that much of the wizarding community is in denial about the his recent encounter with the evil Lord Voldemort and
prefers to turn a blind eye to the news that Voldemort has returned. It is at this stage, that Harry realizes the true value of
friendship and bravery, and to choose the right path rather than the easier one. Because, fearing that Hogwarts' venerable
Headmaster, Albus Dumbledore, is lying about Voldemort's return in order to undermine his power and take his job, the Minister
for Magic, Cornelius Fudge, appoints a new Defense Against the Dark Arts teacher to keep watch over Dumbledore and the
Hogwarts students. But Professor Dolores Umbridge's Ministry-approved course of defensive magic leaves the young wizards
woefully unprepared to defend themselves against the dark forces threatening them and the entire wizarding community. So, at
the prompting of his friends Hermione and Ron, Harry takes matters into his own hands. Meeting secretly with a small group of
students who name themselves "Dumbledore's Army," Harry teaches them how to defend themselves against the Dark Arts.
Finding more friends in his 'students', namely Neville Longbottom and Luna Lovegood(a new character in the movie, who is
strange in her own ways, like using butter beer corks for a necklace) and Ginny Weasley, he enjoys preparing the courageous
young wizards for the extraordinary battle that lies ahead.

The teenage hormones also play a particular role in the story. Harry gets his first kiss from Cho Chang, a senior student
and Harry's first crush. Almost at the same time, Harry's best friends, Ron and Hermione also seems to realize their passion for
each other (not a big surprise, as both Hermione and Ron were seemed to be very possessive of each other in the previous movies
too. I think they were just waiting for their age to play the trick). But Harry was again cheated by his fate when Cho Chang was
forced to betray the "Dumbledore's Army" by letting them into the hands of Umbridge, which eventually resulted in the flight of
Dumbledore from Hogwarts, to save Harry and his friends.

Harry also faces the cruel realities of life (again, as he had already lost his parents at the age of one), with the death of
his beloved god father, Sirius Black, in front of his eyes; during a duel at the Department of Mysteries. Though Harry tries to take
revenge at Bellatrix Lestrange for taking Sirius's life, Voldemort appears again and Harry might not have survived if not for the
timely arrival of Dumbledore. The battle between Dumbledore and Voldemort has been pictured exceptionally well and creates
a blinding tension in the minds of audience. Again, Harry is saved from Voldemort; this time by Dumbledore. And Harry comes to
realize the truth about the prophecy that made his life what it is today. Harry realizes that another meeting with the Dark Lord is
inevitable. Harry realizes that "neither can live while the other survives". The only real question is whether he'll be ready for the
battle.

The Acting
Daniel Radcliffe, Emma Watson and Rupert Grint have grown up in front of our eyes as the stars of the Harry Potter
movies. As each actor has blossomed physically, their acting skills have also blossomed. Radcliffe in particular has turned into a
fine performer who should be able to tackle roles outside of the HP universe without any problem. The supporting players are
many in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, but unfortunately for fans of the colorful characters who make up the Order
of the Phoenix not much time is spent on anyone outside of the Hogwarts group. David Thewlis and Brendan Gleeson are seen very
briefly, flitting in and out of the picture along with half a dozen other Harry Potter characters including Bonnie Wright as Ginny
Weasley (she's in the background but never in the spotlight).

There are a few standouts from the supporting ensemble. New cast member Evanna Lynch, a huge Harry Potter fan who
won the role over thousands of would-be Luna Lovegood's, is exactly how I pictured her from the books. Even her voice sounds a
little loony, which is totally appropriate for the part. Helena Bonham Carter makes quite an impression as one of Voldemort's
most obedient followers, Bellatrix Lestrange, and, of course, Ralph Fiennes is at his fiendish best as Lord Voldemort. But the real
scene stealer of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is Oscar-nominated actress Imelda Staunton (Vera Drake). The saying
'pretty in pink' in no way describes Staunton's wardrobe choices as the ruthless teacher Dolores Umbridge. Smiling and laughing
and dripping pink from the top of her head to her toes, Staunton is one of the series' best over-the-top villains.

MINDTEXT | Volume-2 Issue-7 | July 2007 6


But one can't help but say that the book was sacrificed a lot, in order to bring the story in
at a relatively quick 131 minutes. There's no quidditch at all, and not much focus is given
to Hogwarts teachers including Hagrid. Alan Rickman as Professor Snape is given what
seems like no more than 10 minutes of total screen time, and one of the more intriguing
characters of the fifth book plays a very, very minor role in the movie. It's totally
understandable that not all of the minute scenes from the novel could make it into the
film, but losing good portions of the side stories makes for a slightly unfulfilling
experience. But the much ballyhooed kiss survived the cut so fans will get to see Harry
deliver his first passionate kiss.

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix sets up the next film more so than any other of
the previous stories has led into the next edition, and that makes the fifth film of the
series one of the most important. But for those who only know the Harry Potter universe
by way of the films, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix sets up the tone of the next
movie well, and prepares viewers for even more chilling events to come with the sixth and
seventh movies.
Definitely not one to take the kiddies to, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is a
coming of age story that's gritty and complicated. The effects are first-rate and under
David Yates' direction the young cast delivers yet again. Fortunately for HP fans
everywhere, the film version of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix doesn't feel like
a pared-down Cliff Notes version of J K Rowling's story but instead like a showcase of the
best moments (minus the Quidditch games) from Rowling's fifth novel. And although evil is
afoot, the film still manages to be a magically entertaining visit to the land of wizards for
us, Muggles.

PHOTO GALLERY

Mr. D Dhanuraj, Chairman Centre for Public Policy Research attended the seminar ‘Equity and Social Justice in a
Globalised World – A Liberal Review’. The seminar was organized by Theodor – Heuss – Akademie, Gummersbach,
Germany from June 15 to 22, 2007 at Gummersbach, Germany

MINDTEXT | Volume-2 Issue-7 | July 2007 7


MINDTEXT | Volume-2 Issue-7 | July 2007 8
MEDIA REPORT

DISCUSSING LIVELIHOOD ISSUES


Three films that focussed on livelihood issues were screened at
the Department of Social Work, Rajagiri College.
Courtesy : THE HINDU

KOCHI: The students and faculty at the Department of Social Work, Rajagiri College here had a collage of
perspectives on the subject livelihood issues to analyse and discuss. The discussion came along with screening
of three films on the theme.

The festival, Jeevika, was organised by Centre for Public Policy Research with support from Friends of Freedom
– Centre for Civil Society, New Delhi. “This festival is being organised at educational institutions to initiate
discussions on livelihood issues,” said D. Dhanuraj of CPPR.

The films screened on Wednesday were Fight for Survival, Gadia Lohar: A Life & Livelihood in Question and
Flight of Distress.
The first film was about members of the Madari community in Gujarat. The 20-minute-film in Gujarati-Hindi,
directed by Dakxin Nandlal Bajarange is about the conflict the community is facing in observing its tradition
and culture. The community has been catching snakes and performing the animal. According to the age-old
norms of the community, snakes like cobras are kept for three months in captivity and then released to the
jungle. But now, the strict imposition of laws and animal rights activisms have made life difficult for the
Madaris.

The second film, Gadia Lohar: A Life & Livelihood in Question, is about failure on the part of governments in
improving the life of Gadia Lohars, a nomadic community of Rajasthan. The film approaches the issue from
psycho-social perspective and strives to generate a discussion on integrating the community to the
mainstream society.

Flight of Distress is about plight of Byadhs community whose livelihood was catching and trading of Indian
birds. The 32-minute film in Bengali was directed by Somdev Chatterjee. The film follows Kalo, a Byadh, as he
goes on his daily trips to catch birds and sell them. He talks about the hardships he and his community has had
to face due to the negligence of the government. He has tried to get into some other profession a number of
times, without success. The film also brings to foreground other players who play various parts in the entire
show – those like the traders, the Department of Forest and the police. It is also an attempt to document the
complicated social reality, where administration turns a blind eye towards the plight of the Byadhs, making
them forever on the run from the law. This happens while birds continue to be in distress.

SNAPSHOT

Wasteful City Living


The photo appeared in Metro Manorama
dated 12th July, 2007

Mr. K.M. Sreenivasan protesting at


Padiyathukulam Corpration waste
dumping yard.

Image Courtesy: Metro Manorama

MINDTEXT | Volume-2 Issue-7 | July 2007 9


REVERBERATIONS
Dear Dhanu,

Thank you for sending Mind Text. You certainly are doing well in your advocacy work.
My best wishes for you and your staff.

Cheers,

Evelyn
Evelyn T. Belleza, Ph.D.
Director, Graduate Program Office
University of the Philippines in the Visayas Gen. Luna Street, Iloilo City 5000

- End of Document -

MINDTEXT | Volume-2 Issue-7 | July 2007 10

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