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His more valuable work was philosophical. Bacon served as attorney general and Lord Chancellor of England. chiefly Aristotle. when he was 12 years old. 1561. arguing for an empirical. The younger of Sir Nicholas and Lady Anne's two sons. a humanist who was Edward VI's tutor. Sir Nicolas Bacon. the school his brother Anthony attended. He completed his course of study at Trinity in December 1575. Finding the curriculum at Gray's Inn stale and old fashioned. best known for his promotion of the scientific method. was his father's second wife and daughter to Sir Anthony Cooke. in April 1573. shut up in their cells if a few authors. British ambassador to France. during his mission in Paris. was Lord Keeper of the Seal. 1561 in London. he was forced to abandon . England. Francis Bacon began attending Trinity College.CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Francis Bacon was an English Renaissance statesman and philosopher. The following year. the more traditional schools of thought in England at the time. Two and a half years later. A year after he enrolled at Gray's Inn. Bacon enrolled in a law program at Honourable Society of Gray's Inn. inductive approach. their dictator. Bacon later called his tutors "men of sharp wits. Bacon left school to work under Sir Amyas Paulet. resigning amid charges of corruption. His father. Francis Bacon was born on January 22. Bacon took up Aristotelian ideas." Bacon favored the new Renaissance humanism over Aristotelianism and scholasticism. Lady Anne Cooke Bacon. Statesman and philosopher Francis Bacon was born in London on January 22. Cambridge. which is the foundation of modern scientific inquiry. His mother. known as the scientific method. Francis Bacon’s mother was also the sister-in-law of Lord Burghley.

for help in finding a well-paid post as a government official. one of the highest political offices in England. Bacon was knighted upon James I's ascension to the British throne. Francis Bacon was scrambling to find a means of earning a decent living. achieving solicitor general in 1607 and attorney general six years later. he reached the same position of his father. in 1581. In 1603. during which time he was extremely active in politics. Bacon became Viscount St. three years before he married heiress Alice Barnham. Still just a teen. Bacon turned to his uncle. Bacon surpassed his father's achievements when he was promoted to the lofty title of Lord Chancellor. His meager inheritance left him broke. Albans. Bacon held his place in Parliament for nearly four decades. he was appointed the position of outer barrister. Bacon's political career took a big leap forward in 1584. but Bacon’s uncle shot him down. Albans. Fortunately for Bacon. In 1621. Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. the same year that Bacon became Viscount St. In 1618. he was accused of accepting bribes and impeached by Parliament for corruption. his career peaked when he was invited to join the Privy Council.the mission prematurely and return to England when his father died unexpectedly. Just a year later. when he composed A Letter of Advice to Queen Elizabeth. from 1584 to 1617. Some sources claim that . Lord Burghley. In 1616. He continued to work his way swiftly up the legal and political ranks. law and the royal court. he landed a job as a member for Cornwall in the House of Commons. In 1621. his very first political memorandum. By 1582. Bacon was also able to return to Gray's Inn and complete his education.

Bacon was set up by his enemies in Parliament and the court faction. Bacon was released. He was fined a hefty 40. the scandal put a serious strain on 60-year-old Bacon's health. Bacon was tried and found guilty after he confessed. at the cost of his reputation and his longstanding place in Parliament.000 pounds and sentenced to the Tower of London. After four days of imprisonment. and was used as a scapegoat to protect the Duke of Buckingham from public hostility. CHAPTER 2 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY . his sentence was reduced and his fine was lifted. fortunately. but.

" Bacon's new scientific method involved gathering data. The two did not prove to be a receptive audience to Bacon's evolving philosophy of science. He believed that when approached this way. rather than as an eternally fixed stage upon which man walked. examined." During his young adulthood. with a focus on empirical scientific methods—methods that depended on tangible proof—while developing the basis of applied science. science could become a tool for the betterment of humankind. the philosophy of science. Retired. It was not until 1620." Bacon himself claimed that his empirical scientific method would spark a light in nature that would "eventually disclose and bring into sight all that is most hidden and secret in the universe.Francis Bacon remained in St. Bacon's approach placed an emphasis on experimentation and interaction. entertained the idea of the universe as a problem to be solved. Alban's after the collapse of his political career. Unlike the doctrines of Aristotle and Plato. Bacon was determined to alter the face of natural philosophy. "more fully than any man of his time. and later with Queen Elizabeth in his Letter of Advice. Lord Burghley. when Bacon published Book One of Novum Organum Scientiarum (novum . he was now able to focus on one of his other passions. prudently analyzing it and performing experiments to observe nature's truths in an organized way. He strove to create a new outline for the sciences. stating that Bacon. meditated upon. Bacon attempted to share his ideas with his uncle. Biographer Loren Eisley described Bacon's compelling desire to invent a new scientific method. From the time he had reached adulthood. culminating in "the commerce of the mind with things.

Bacon looked further to these by attempting to get a prestigious post. Lord Burghley in 1580 which he ." which is a list of circumstances under which the event being studied occurred. the "Table of Comparison" allows the observer to compare and contrast the severity or degree of the event. Bacon did not emphasize the importance of testing one's theory. After completing these steps. Instead. He also applied for a post in the court through his uncle. or "ladder of axioms. that Bacon established himself as a reputable philosopher of science. to serve his country." It should then proceed to the "Table of Presence. "The Table of Absence in Proximity" is then used to identify negative occurrences. the scientific observer is required to perform a short survey that will help identify the possible cause of the occurrence. and to serve his church. CHAPTER 3 DISCUSSION The three chief goals of Bacon were to uncover truth. Unlike a typical hypothesis." that creative minds could use to reach still further understanding. Next.organum is Latin for "new method"). the scientific method should begin with the "Tables of Investigation. According to Bacon in Novum Organum. however. he believed that observation and analysis were sufficient in producing a greater comprehension.

He took his seat in the parliament for Melcombe in Dorset in 1584 and afterwards for Taunton in 1586. This was the time when Bacon started writing on the condition of church parties and also on the topic of philosophical reform in the lost tract. The following year. Due to his increasing progress at the bar. which he gave the headline as “Certain Observations .believed would allow him to pursue a life of learning but his application was rejected. Bacon accepted the valuable appointment of reversion to the Clerkship of the Star Chamber in 1589. Temporis Partus Maximus. he worked at Gray’s Inn. became the earl's confidential adviser. he became Bencher and was chosen as a reader in 1587. He also accompanied his mother to the chapel to hear Walter Travers. Bacon openly disapproved the execution of queen of Scots. Following two years. In the year 1586. Bacon contacted his uncle for help. Later Life Francis Bacon acquainted with Robert Devereux who was 2nd Earl of Essex and favorite of Queen Elizabeth and by 1591. his earliest surviving track got published which criticized the English church's suppression of the Puritan clergy. though he took to office formally only in 1608. As a result. Even after working for long. He delivered his first lecture in Lent the very next year. Bacon did not succeed in acquiring the position he desired for that would lead him great success. Bacon was authorized to write a tract in response to the Jesuit Robert Parson's anti-government polemic. The same year. Mary. He exhibited signs of sympathy to Puritanism by attending the sermons of the Puritan chaplain of Gray's Inn. only to be admitted as an outer barrister in 1582.

his image in the eyes of Queen improved.Made Upon A Libel”. in 1594. He was blamed as a popularity seeker by the opponents and was expelled by the royal court for some time. his strategy for recovering his lost position by marrying a rich and young widow Lady Elizabeth Hatton failed. Year 1594 and 1595 did not bring much of good news for Bacon as he meted with failure. though without any salary. Also. Bacon was arrested for debt. Bacon with the team was asked to investigate all . Also. Bacon’s financial position remained dubious. he failed to bag the Attorney-Generalship seat that had gone vacant. he failed to save the lesser office of Solicitor-General. slowly but steadily. During this phase. His opposition to a bill that would impose triple allowance in half of the normal time was repelled by a lot of people. recognizing England with the ideals of democratic Athens opposite of the belligerence of Spain. Bacon was appointed as the Queen's Counsel. commission or warranty. 2nd Earl of Essex as he was executed in 1601 for treason. The effort of his friends to find him a public office also seemed to go in vain as they couldn’t find any. In February 1593. Even Lord Essex also could not use much of his power and influence on both the occasions. Next in 1595. As such. Queen Elizabeth called parliament to investigate a Roman Catholic plot against her. He further raised his image in the Queen’s eye by making a clever move by detaching ties with Robert Devereux. However. First. as he grabbed himself a place in the standing of the learned counsels. when she broke off with him and married a wealthier man. in 1598. In 1596.

These accounts were published as ‘A Declaration of the Practices and Treasons’. However. Bacon was performing a series of experiments with ice. Bacon was a member of the legal team at Essex's treason trial led by Attorney General. CHAPTER 4 RECOMMENDATION In March 1626. Bacon stayed at Lord Arundel's . England. Sir Edward Coke.the charges against Essex. While testing the effects of cold on the preservation and decay of meat. Post execution. and caught a chill. Bacon was appointed to write the official government account of the trial by the Queen. he stuffed a hen with snow near Highgate. Ailing. the first draft presented by the Bacon was edited by the Queen and her ministers up to a great extent.

Scientific institutions followed this model in kind. applying it toward their establishment of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge in 1662. The "father of classic liberalism. Having advocated an organized system of obtaining knowledge with a humanitarian goal in mind. his theories began to have a major influence on the evolving field of 17th-century European science. also known as the "Invisible College. He soon developed bronchitis. also showed Bacon's influence in their work. he is largely credited with ushering in the new early modern era of human understanding. The Royal Society utilized Bacon's applied science approach and followed the steps of his reformed scientific method. 1626. The guest room where Bacon resided was cold and musty. Today. a week after he had arrived at Lord Arundel's estate." followed through on Bacon's concept of a cooperative research institution. as well as 18th-century encyclopedists and inductive logicians David Hume and John Mill. Political philosopher Thomas Hobbes played the role of Bacon's last amanuensis." John Locke. On April 9. Bacon is still widely regarded as a major figure in scientific methodology and natural philosophy during the English Renaissance.home in London. Francis Bacon died. In the years after Bacon's death. British scientists belonging to Robert Boyle's circle. .

(Thus.” three primary . there are three “distempers” – or diseases – of learning. for example.” eleven errors or “peccant humours.CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION It is never easy to summarize the thought of a prolific and wide-ranging philosopher. Yet Bacon somewhat simplifies the task by his own helpful habits of systematic classification and catchy mnemonic labeling.” four “Idols.

etc.) In effect. CHAPTER 6 REFERENCES .biography. by following Bacon’s own methods it is possible to produce a convenient outline or overview of his main scientific and philosophical ideas.mental faculties and categories of knowledge. CURICULUM VITAE Personal Information Name : Berlly Mae F. 1999 . http://www.utm. Rubio Nickname : Bherl Birth date : May 24.thefamouspeople.99

Catanduanes 2005-2011 Secondary Education : Catanduanes State University Laboratory High School Panganiban. Catanduanes Age : 16 Civil Status : Single Citizenship : Filipino Religion : Roman Catholic Father : Bernabe V. Felly F.Birth place : EBMC Virac. Rubio Jr. Catanduanes . Mother : Ma. Rubio : It’s always better to be alone with dignity than Parents Motto in a relationship that constantly requires you to sacrifice your own happiness. Ambition : Nutritionist-Dietitian Educational Attainment Primary Education : Panganiban Central Elementary School Panganiban.

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