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How to Count Subnet.

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You are on page 1of 11

Problem 1:

Host IP Address

172.30.1.33

Subnet Mask

255.255.255.0

Number of Subnets

28 = 256

28

172.30.1.0

172.30.1.1

172.30.1.254

172.30.1.255

Step 1 : Translate the Host IP Address and Subnet Mask into Binary Notation.

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Subnet Address

=

=

=

=

172

10101100

11111111

10101100

172

30

00011110

11111111

00011110

30

1

00000001

11111111

00000001

1

33

00100001

00000000

00000000

0

Step 2 : Determine the network (or Subnet) where this host Address belongs.

1. Perform a bit-wise AND operation on the IP Address and the Subnet Mask.

Note: 1 AND 1 results is 1. But 0 AND Anything is 0.

2. Express the result in dotted decimal notation.

3. The result is the Subnet Address of this Subnet, is 172.30.1.0

Step 3 : Calculate the Number of Hosts Bits.

1. Given the Subnet Masks is 255.255.255.0, or 11111111 11111111 11111111 00000000.

The total 0 in the Subnet Masks is 8, so automatically 28 or 2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2 is equal to

256.

Step 4 : Determine the number of Subnets.

1. The number of subnets is determined by how many bits are in the subnet counting range.

Use the formula 2n, where n is the number of bits in the subnet counting range.

a. 28 = 256

Subnet

Address

10101100

00011110

00000001

00000000

*The red number is Major Divide (M.D), The Blue number is Subnet Divide (S.D)

Step 4 : Determine the number usable hosts per Subnet.

1. The Number of hosts per Subnet is determined by the number of host bits and minus by

2.

a. 28 - 2 = 256 2 = 254 Hosts per Subnet.

Step 5 : Determine the First Host and Last Host in this subnet.

1. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 0s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 1. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

172.30.1.0 = 172.30.1.1

2. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 1s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 0. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

Subnet Address = 10101100

00011110

00000001

00000000

Last Hosts

= 10101100

00011110

00000001

11111110

=

172

30

1

254

Step 6 : Determine the Broadcast Address for the subnet.

1. In the host partion (to the right of the S.D) make the host bits all 1s.

Subnet Address = 10101100

00011110

00000001

00000000

Broadcast Address= 10101100

00011110

00000001

11111111

=

172

30

1

255

Problem 2 :

Host IP Address

172.30.1.33

Subnet Mask

255.255.255.252

Number of Subnets

22 = 4

22

4 -2 = 2 usable host

172.30.1.32

172.30.1.33

172.30.1.34

172.30.1.35

Step 1 : Translate the Host IP Address and Subnet Mask into Binary Notation.

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Subnet Address

=

=

=

=

172

10101100

11111111

10101100

172

30

00011110

11111111

00011110

30

1

00000001

11111111

00000001

1

33

00100001

11111100

00100000

32

Step 2 : Determine the network (or Subnet) where this host Address belongs.

4. Perform a bit-wise AND operation on the IP Address and the Subnet Mask.

Note: 1 AND 1 results is 1. But 0 AND Anything is 0.

5. Express the result in dotted decimal notation.

6. The result is the Subnet Address of this Subnet, is 172.30.1.32

Step 3 : Calculate the Number of Hosts Bits.

2. Given the Subnet Masks is 255.255.255.252, or 11111111 11111111 11111111

11111100

The total 0 in the Subnet Masks is 8, so automatically 22 or 2x2 is equal to 4.

Step 4 : Determine the number of Subnets.

2. The number of subnets is determined by how many bits are in the subnet counting range.

Use the formula 2n, where n is the number of bits in the subnet counting range.

b. 22 = 4

Subnet

10101100

00011110

00000001

00100000

Address

*The red number is Major Divide (M.D), The Blue number is Subnet Divide (S.D)

Step 4 : Determine the number usable hosts per Subnet.

2. The Number of hosts per Subnet is determined by the number of host bits and minus by

2.

b. 22 - 2 = 4 2 = 2 Hosts per Subnet.

Step 5 : Determine the First Host and Last Host in this subnet.

3. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 0s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 1. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

172.30.1.32= 172.30.1.33

4. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 1s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 0. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

Subnet Address = 10101100

00011110

00000001

00100000

Last Hosts

= 10101100

00011110

00000001

00100010

172

30

34

2. In the host partion (to the right of the S.D) make the host bits all 1s.

Subnet Address = 10101100

00011110

00000001

00100000

Broadcast Address= 10101100

00011110

00000001

00100011

=

172

30

1

35

Problem 3 :

Host IP Address

192.192.10.234

Subnet Mask

255.255.255.0

Number of Subnets

28 = 256

28

256 2 = 254

192.192.10.0

192.192.10.1

192.192.10.254

192.192.10.255

Step 1 : Translate the Host IP Address and Subnet Mask into Binary Notation.

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Subnet Address

=

=

=

=

192

11000000

11111111

11000000

192

192

11000000

11111111

11000000

192

10

00001010

11111111

00001010

10

234

11101010

00000000

00000000

0

Step 2 : Determine the network (or Subnet) where this host Address belongs.

7. Perform a bit-wise AND operation on the IP Address and the Subnet Mask.

Note: 1 AND 1 results is 1. But 0 AND Anything is 0.

8. Express the result in dotted decimal notation.

9. The result is the Subnet Address of this Subnet, is 192.192.10.0.

Step 3 : Calculate the Number of Hosts Bits.

3. Given the Subnet Masks is 255.255.255.0, or 11111111 11111111 11111111 00000000

The total 0 in the Subnet Masks is 8, so automatically 28 or 2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2 is equal to

256.

3. The number of subnets is determined by how many bits are in the subnet counting range.

Use the formula 2n, where n is the number of bits in the subnet counting range.

c. 28 = 256

Subnet

10101100

00011110

00001010

00000000

Address

*The red number is Major Divide (M.D), The Blue number is Subnet Divide (S.D)

Step 4 : Determine the number usable hosts per Subnet.

3. The Number of hosts per Subnet is determined by the number of host bits and minus by

2.

c. 28 - 2 = 256 2 = 254 Hosts per Subnet.

Step 5 : Determine the First Host and Last Host in this subnet.

5. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 0s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 1. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

192.192.10.0 = 192.192.10.1

6. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 1s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 0. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

Subnet Address = 11000000

11000000

00001010

00000000

Last Hosts

= 11000000

11000000

00001010

11111110

=

192

192

10

254

Step 6 : Determine the Broadcast Address for the subnet.

3. In the host partion (to the right of the S.D) make the host bits all 1s.

Subnet Address = 11000000

11000000

00001010

00000000

Broadcast Address= 11000000

11000000

00001010

11111111

=

192

192

10

255

Problem 4 :

Host IP Address

172.17.99.71

Subnet Mask

255.255.0.0

Number of Subnets

216 = 65,536

216

172.17.0.0

172.17.0.1

172.17.255.254

172.17.255.255

Step 1 : Translate the Host IP Address and Subnet Mask into Binary Notation.

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Subnet Address

=

=

=

=

172

10101100

11111111

10101100

172

17

00010001

11111111

00010001

17

99

01100011

00000000

00000000

0

71

01000111

00000000

00000000

0

Step 2 : Determine the network (or Subnet) where this host Address belongs.

10. Perform a bit-wise AND operation on the IP Address and the Subnet Mask.

Note: 1 AND 1 results is 1. But 0 AND Anything is 0.

11. Express the result in dotted decimal notation.

12. The result is the Subnet Address of this Subnet, is 172.17.0.0.

Step 3 : Calculate the Number of Hosts Bits.

4. Given the Subnet Masks is 255.255.0.0, or 11111111 11111111 00000000 00000000

The total 0 in the Subnet Masks is 16 , so automatically 216 or

2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2 is equal to 65,536.

Step 4 : Determine the number of Subnets.

4. The number of subnets is determined by how many bits are in the subnet counting range.

Use the formula 2n, where n is the number of bits in the subnet counting range.

d. 216 = 65,536.

Subnet

Address

10101100

00010001

00000000

00000000

*The red number is Major Divide (M.D), The Blue number is Subnet Divide (S.D)

Step 4 : Determine the number usable hosts per Subnet.

4. The Number of hosts per Subnet is determined by the number of host bits and minus by

2.

d. 216 - 2 = 65,536 2 = 65,534 Hosts per Subnet.

Step 5 : Determine the First Host and Last Host in this subnet.

7. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 0s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 1. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

172.17.0.0 = 172.17.0.1

8. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 1s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 0. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

Subnet Address = 10101100

00010001

00000000

00000000

Last Hosts

= 10101100

00010001

11111111

11111110

=

172

17

255

254

Step 6 : Determine the Broadcast Address for the subnet.

4. In the host partion (to the right of the S.D) make the host bits all 1s.

Subnet Address = 10101100

00010001

00000000

00000000

Broadcast Address= 10101100

00010001

11111111

11111111

=

172

17

255

255

Problem 5 :

Host IP Address

192.168.3.219

Subnet Mask

255.255.255.0

Number of Subnets

28 = 256

28

192.168.3.0

192.168.3.1

192.168.3.254

192.168.3.255

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Subnet Address

=

=

=

=

192

11000000

11111111

11000000

192

168

10101000

11111111

10101000

168

3

00000011

11111111

00000011

3

219

11011011

00000000

00000000

0

Step 2 : Determine the network (or Subnet) where this host Address belongs.

13. Perform a bit-wise AND operation on the IP Address and the Subnet Mask.

Note: 1 AND 1 results is 1. But 0 AND Anything is 0.

14. Express the result in dotted decimal notation.

15. The result is the Subnet Address of this Subnet, is 192.168.3.0.

Step 3 : Calculate the Number of Hosts Bits.

5. Given the Subnet Masks is 255.255.0.0, or 11111111 11111111 11111111 00000000

The total 0 in the Subnet Masks is 8 , so automatically 28 or 2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2 is equal to

256.

Step 4 : Determine the number of Subnets.

5. The number of subnets is determined by how many bits are in the subnet counting range.

Use the formula 2n, where n is the number of bits in the subnet counting range.

e. 28 = 256 .

Subnet

11000000

10101000

00000011

00000000

Address

*The red number is Major Divide (M.D), The Blue number is Subnet Divide (S.D)

Step 4 : Determine the number usable hosts per Subnet.

5. The Number of hosts per Subnet is determined by the number of host bits and minus by

2.

e. 28 - 2 = 256 2 = 254 Hosts per Subnet.

Step 5 : Determine the First Host and Last Host in this subnet.

9. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 0s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 1. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

192.168.3.0 .= 192.168.3.1

10. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 1s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 0. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

Subnet Address = 11000000

10101000

00000011

00000000

Last Hosts

= 11000000

10101000

00000011

11111110

=

192

168

3

254

Step 6 : Determine the Broadcast Address for the subnet.

5. In the host partion (to the right of the S.D) make the host bits all 1s.

Subnet Address

= 11000000

10101000

00000011

00000000

Broadcast Address= 11000000

10101000

00000011

11111111

=

192

168

3

255

Problem 6 :

Host IP Address

192.168.3.219

Subnet Mask

255.255.255.252

Number of Subnets

22 = 4

22

4 2 = 2 usable host

192.168.3.216

192.168.3.217

192.168.3.222

192.168.3.223

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Subnet Address

=

=

=

=

192

11000000

11111111

11000000

192

168

10101000

11111111

10101000

168

3

00000011

11111111

00000011

3

219

11011011

11111100

11011000

216

Step 2 : Determine the network (or Subnet) where this host Address belongs.

16. Perform a bit-wise AND operation on the IP Address and the Subnet Mask.

Note: 1 AND 1 results is 1. But 0 AND Anything is 0.

17. Express the result in dotted decimal notation.

Step 3 : Calculate the Number of Hosts Bits.

6. Given the Subnet Masks is 255.255.0.0, or 11111111 11111111 11111111 11111100

The total 0 in the Subnet Masks is 2 , so automatically 22 or 2x2 is equal to 4.

Step 4 : Determine the number of Subnets.

6. The number of subnets is determined by how many bits are in the subnet counting range.

Use the formula 2n, where n is the number of bits in the subnet counting range.

f. 22 = 4 .

Subnet

11000000

10101000

00000011

11011000

Address

*The red number is Major Divide (M.D), The Blue number is Subnet Divide (S.D)

Step 4 : Determine the number usable hosts per Subnet.

6. The Number of hosts per Subnet is determined by the number of host bits and minus by

2.

f. 22 - 2 = 4 2 = 2 Hosts per Subnet.

Step 5 : Determine the First Host and Last Host in this subnet.

11. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 0s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 1. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

192.168.3.216 = 192.168.3.217

12. In the host partition (to the right of the S.D), make the host bits all 1s except for the rightmost bit (or least significant bit), which you make a 0. This will give you The First Host

IP address.

Subnet Address = 11000000

10101000

00000011

11011000

Last Hosts

= 11000000

10101000

00000011

11011110

=

192

168

3

222

Step 6 : Determine the Broadcast Address for the subnet.

6. In the host partion (to the right of the S.D) make the host bits all 1s.

Subnet Address

= 11000000

10101000

00000011

11011000

Broadcast Address= 11000000

10101000

00000011

11011111

=

192

168

223

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