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HUMANISM

Recognizing the Beauty of the
Individual
DEL ROSARIO, VIA ALLISON
3ELS

Del Rosario,Via Allison B. _3ELS

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What is Humanism?
At the heart of the Italian Renaissance
was an intellectual movement known as
humanism.
“a system of thought that is
based on the values,
characteristics, and behavior
that are believed to be best in
human beings, rather than on
any supernatural authority”
Del Rosario,Via Allison B. _3ELS

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Humanism: An Emphasis on the Individual Humanists formed a belief in the importance of the individual .Via Allison B. Del Rosario. _3ELS 3 . Humanism also valued classical culture.

and moderation.Via Allison B. Del Rosario. _3ELS 4 . the subjects taught in ancient Greece and Rome. Humanists studied the humanities.Humanists nurtured classicism in the arts—the application of Greco-Roman principles such as reason. balance.

_3ELS H I S T O R Y 5 .Via Allison B.Del Rosario.

_3ELS 6 . It was first employed (as humanismus) by 19th-century German scholars to designate the Renaissance emphasis on Classical studies in education.Via Allison B.The history of the term humanism is complex but enlightening. Del Rosario. The rise of humanism can be located in mid13th-century Florence.

toward the beginning of the 14th century. life and culture were primarily focused on the Church and religion. the power of the Church began to greatly decline.During the Middle Ages. between about the 3rd and 13th centuries. Del Rosario. _3ELS 7 . humanism grew in popularity.Via Allison B. As the power of the Church began to decline. However.

_3ELS 8 .The rise of the market economy Del Rosario.Two main causes of the decline: 1.“The Bubonic” Plague 2.Via Allison B.

Humanism VS.Via Allison B. The Church believed people should follow its teachings without question in order to save their souls. The Church Humanism focused on worldly subjects rather than religious issues. Humanists believed people should use their own minds and question everything. _3ELS 9 . The Church focused on the afterlife. Humanists focused on the present. Del Rosario.

HOW HUMANISM CHANGED INDIVIDUAL INDEPEDENCE .

_3ELS 11 . Del Rosario. practiced the feudal system in which wealth was based on land ownership.Via Allison B.Prior to the 14th century. much of Europe. and especially Northern Europe.

'Sameness is the mother of disgust. _3ELS 12 . particularly seen in the writings of Petrarch. the power of the Church and feudalism shrank and the importance of the individual grew. the Father of Humanism.' or in other words.Due to the plague and the rise of trade.Via Allison B. and individual creations of God. variety the cure!. beautiful. in which he states. Man and human nature were no longer seen as totally sinful and in need of punishment but instead as independent. 'Go on and express yourself!' Del Rosario.

Decline of Feudalism = Rise of Humanism Humanists believe that people have the ability to think for themselves and create their own life. Del Rosario.Via Allison B. People can do this apart from social class or family. _3ELS King Nobles. lords Knights Peasants 13 .

Via Allison B. _3ELS 14 .KEY FIGURES Del Rosario.

Francesco Petrarch: “The Father of Renaissance Humanism” Del Rosario. _3ELS 15 .Via Allison B.

he wrote in Latin • One of the most and influential humanists • Wrote Sonnets (14-lined poems) such as “Laura”.Via Allison B. • Like other writers of his time.• A scholar and a poet who was responsible for the recovery of manuscripts and works of Greek and Roman writers (such as those of Cicero) that had been lost in monastery libraries. _3ELS 16 . “The White Doe” and “Spring” Del Rosario.

Via Allison B.Giovanni Boccacio • Used cutting humor to illustrate the human condition • Presents his characters in all their individuality and all their folly • Wrote “Decameron” Del Rosario. _3ELS 17 .

Via Allison B. _3ELS 18 .Del Rosario.

and writer. politician. philosopher. diplomat.Niccolo Machiavelli • • • • 1469-1527 The Prince an Italian Renaissance historian. humanist.Via Allison B. _3ELS 19 . He has often been called the founder of modern political science Del Rosario.

docfoc.com/the-renaissance-rebirth-1300s1500s-a-time-of-creativity-and http://slideplayer. _3ELS 20 .com/slide/1564622 Del Rosario.com/topic/humanism http://www.SOURCES: http://www.Via Allison B.britannica.net/claudineaireen/humanismpowerpoint http://www.slideshare.