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An investigation into ancient musical beliefs and their potential application in modern music
Rediscovery of Ancient Knowledge
The idea that music has magical properties can be traced back as far as historians, scientists and archaeologists can tell us about the origins of the human race. Many religions contain beliefs about music that take its power far beyond the realms of mere entertainment. For a long time these have always been thought of simply as myths but with the ever increasing advances of science many discoveries are being made that are starting to show that there is some factual basis to these beliefs and that as we become aware of how to use this knowledge it may alter the very fabric of our understanding of reality. My goal for this paper was to research these ancient beliefs and to look at how they relate to modern science in order to have a greater understanding of how we can use sound effectively and responsibly for the greater good of mankind. In June 2009 ancient flutes made from bone and ivory were discovered in a cave in southwestern Germany, these dated from 35,000 years ago and one five holed flute that was undamaged was found to produce a sound almost identical to the major scale produced by modern day flutes. According to one recorder specialist from the Karlsruhe University of music, it may even have the ability to express greater harmonic variety than modern instruments. (Reynolds 2009).
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[HEALING FREQUENCIES] This find shows us that the musical knowledge that we have now may have been with the human race at its very beginnings and as I shall explain later on they may have even had advanced knowledge that we are only now starting to rediscover. Fossil remains found in Kenya, Ethiopia and South Africa show us that the human beings that inhabited the earth 300,000 years ago were not dissimilar to modern humans and would be indistinguishable from those around them if they were to walk down the street today. Many books have been written to try to explain why human civilization appeared relatively overnight in direct contradiction to the theory of evolution (which despite popular belief is still just a theory as there is still no direct evidence of an evolutionary link between homo sapiens and our nearest ancestor). The most famous of these are the Earth Chronicles written by Zecharia Sitchin, that are based on translations of the oldest known human writing found in ancient Mesopotamia or what is now Iraq. His books follow a tradition started by authors such as Erich von Däniken, Alan F. Alford and Laurence Gardner of giving evidence to back up the claims of ancient religions. In his books which span 7 volumes and 20 years of work. he shows that the biblical texts are direct translations of the Sumerian writings and gives an in depth and extremely detailed account of how the earth was created during an interplanetary collision and how an alien race arrived here 450,000 years ago to extract precious minerals and subsequently genetically engineered the human race to mine the minerals for them by splicing their DNA with the DNA of homo erectus. (Sitchin 1990)
Although many scientists and writers have put forward some convincing criticism of his works (Including Alan f Alford whose first book Gods of The New Millennium made his
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[HEALING FREQUENCIES] theories more widely accepted in Britain, though many people believe he was silenced by the CIA), they have spawned hundreds of books and literally thousands of websites following on from his ideas. Could it be that this alien race referred to by Sitchin as the Annunaki are responsible for giving us the knowledge of music theory that until very recently many people believed was invented by the ancient Greeks? Sumer was the earliest known civilization in the world and was based in southern Mesopotamia or what is now southern Iraq. They were known to have developed intensive cultivation of crops by 5000 BC, which enabled them to live in densely populated cities. The labor force required for this cultivation required a lot of organization and by 3500 BC they had developed the first known writing and a base 60 number system that we still feel the influence of today every time we look at a clock or measure an angle. It is also thought to be the origin of our own base 10 system as their system was built from a single unit symbol and a ten symbol.
Babylonian number system inherited from the Sumerians (Taken from: http://www.gap-system.org/~history/HistTopics/Babylonian_numerals.html)
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] The Sumerians were also the first people to use musical notation. In March 1974 a team from the University of California deciphered what is considered to be the world¶s oldest song. They found that they could read and perform from musical notes on a cuneiform tablet dating from around 1800 BC. Many of the Sumerian hymnal texts that have been found contain musical notations in the margins.
In his paper, first published in µThe World and I¶, February 1994, Ernest McClain claims that ³Their gods were assigned numbers that encoded the primary ratios of music, with the gods' functions corresponding to their numbers in acoustical theory. Thus the Sumerians created an extensive tonal/arithmetical model for the cosmos. In this farreaching allegory, the physical world is known by analogy, and the gods give divinity not only to natural forces but also to a "supernatural," intuitive understanding of mathematical patterns and psychological forces.´ He then goes on to explain how the numbers and ratios that were known to define musical intervals were passed down through the Mesopotamian and Akkadian civilizations to become an important part of the religious mythologies of India, China, Greece, Israel and Europe.
Pythagoras and the Masons
Much of our current knowledge of music theory has been attributed to the work of the ancient Greeks, most notably Pythagoras. Often referred to as the µFather of Science¶ Pythagoras of Samos was a philosopher, mystic, mathematician and scientist who was educated in the mystery schools of Egypt during the 6th century BC and went on to make a substantial contribution to the realms of science and philosophy. He is often credited with discovering the mathematical ratios of music, though it is more likely that he was simply passing on knowledge taught to him by the Egyptian priests while studying in Memphis. Pythagoras came up with a concept that he referred to as µThe Music of The Spheres¶ that bears a striking similarity to the musical and numerological beliefs of the Sumerian culture 3000 years earlier. He believed that everything that we perceive in the universe has a particular vibration and that once we know the rate of vibration we would be able to have an influence on it. He concluded that the harmony between musical notes extended to the entire universe and that it should be possible to discern the rates of vibration of all the stars and planets and personally attune oneself with this cosmic consciousness in order to promote healing. (Frater X, Rosicrucian Forum 1951). As we shall see later this is something that the field of quantum physics is starting to take very seriously.
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] Pythagoras created his own society known as µThe Pythagoreans¶ whose study of mathematics became the foundation for esoteric organizations such as the Rosicrucians. The theories they developed led to the development of Numerology that became extremely important within the ancient religions of the Middle East. The music of the spheres played a central role in the development of music theory in the Muslim world. Astronomy and music were very closely related and instruments such as the lute, which was considered the most perfect and noble instrument, had to be made to specific instructions as the proportions and tunings were seen as a reflection of universal order. From about the ninth century onwards music theorists worked all through the Islamic world to develop a complex system of musical modes that is said to have evolved from an older Persian system of seven modes corresponding to the seven planets, into a system of twelve modes for the twelve signs of the zodiac (according to Zecharia Sitchin the Sumerians firmly believed in 12 planets and that the number 7 is important as earth is the 7th planet that the Annunaki encounter when their home planet of Nibiru enters our solar system). The system was then further evolved to include different modes for such things as animal sounds, body fluids and elements. Each mode was assigned particular therapeutic properties and a certain time of day to be performed. This system is still widely used today in the form of the Indian Raga¶s that relate to different times of the day and different seasons. (Pacholczyk 1996)
In 1999 Dr Len Horowitz and Joseph Puleo published a book entitled Healing codes for the Biological Apocalypse, in which they put forward a theory that an ancient musical scale known as the Solfeggio that was believed to have powerful healing properties has been repressed by those in power in favor of our current system that they claim is vibrationally dissonant and damaging to those that hear it. Dr Horowitz is an internationally recognized authority in the fields of public health, behavioral science, emerging diseases and natural healing. After studying behavioral science and media persuasion at Harvard University he went on to publish 16 books, many of them best sellers and was voted author of the year in 1999 for his book Emerging Viruses: AIDS and Ebola ± Nature, Accident or Intentional, in which he gives detailed evidence to show how many of the world¶s most terrifying diseases such as AIDS and BSE were developed and released as part of a depopulation agenda by sinister organizations and corporations who control the worlds governments from behind the scenes. Many of the information that he gives is far too shocking and controversial to be reported in the mainstream media and researchers who publish works of this kind are usually branded as µConspiracy Theorists¶ (a term that has been given a kind of stigma that leads people to automatically dis-believe anything that they have to say). A good example of this is Author David Icke whose claims that the royal family are reptilian shape shifters have led to universal ridicule in the media. Many people are very quick to dismiss the claims
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[HEALING FREQUENCIES] of these types of author until they actually read their books but when they do they see that the evidence offered is so compelling that they can longer discount them despite the unbelievable nature of their claims. When looking into the world of conspiracy theories it is always wise to tread carefully as there is so much contradictory information out there that it is hard to know who to believe. Many conspiracy theorists are often accused of twisting the facts to suit their theories or only looking at the information that supports their theory and discarding that which doesn¶t. Although this often happens on both sides of the fence. (Many Egyptologists still claim that the great pyramid was built by the pharaoh Khufu 4600 years ago even though the only piece of evidence for this is one piece of graffiti that was suspiciously found in a sealed chamber by explorer Colonel Howard Vyse in 1837, who was desperate to make a discovery to justify his years of searching. The graffiti contained several dramatic errors and the royal cartouche of Khufu was clearly copied from one of the few specialist books around at the time that Vyse had referred to regularly in his diaries, as it contained exactly the same error that was found in the book) In Healing Codes Horowitz and Puleo claim to have found hidden codes in the King James Bible that reveal sacred frequencies that the church claims to have lost centuries ago. He claims that King James was a high ranking freemason and that the King James Bible was created in order to preserve secret knowledge controlled by the Knights Templar. The writing was coordinated by his Masonic brother and Lord Chancellor sir Francis Bacon, who has been the subject of more than twenty thousand books and articles claiming him to be the real author of the works of William Shakespeare. Francis
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[HEALING FREQUENCIES] Bacon was also an initiate of the Rosicrucian order and as such would have been well versed in the teachings of Pythagoras.
According to the head of the Scottish Rite freemasons, Laurence Gardner, The origins of Friday the thirteenth can be traced back to 1307 when pope clement the 5th and king Philippe the 4th of France issued orders to be opened on Friday the 13th that every member of the Knights Templar were to be rounded up and killed. The Templars had become the richest order the world had ever known (The international banking network that we use today was originally set up by the knights templar at this time) The king had hoped to lay his hands on this fortune while the pope wanted to gain control of the secret documents that they had smuggled out of the holy lands. These documents were said to contain spiritually important numbers that were believed to facilitate God¶s magic. (Horowitz 1999) (Baigent and Leigh 1982)
In his Book Dr Horowitz claims that Mr. Puleo was divinely guided to learn about Pythagorean mathematics and numerology and that this led him to discover that that within the book of Numbers were six repeated verses that seemed to make no sense at all but when he used the Pythagorean method of number reduction on the verse numbers they revealed six three digit numbers that he believes are the frequencies that were part of 152 Gregorian chants that were banned by the catholic church nearly a thousand years ago. According to Professor Willi Apel, "The origin of what is now called Solfeggio arose from a Mediaeval hymn to John the Baptist which has this peculiarity
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[HEALING FREQUENCIES] that the first six lines of the music commenced respectively on the first six successive notes of the scale, and thus the first syllable of each line was sung to a note one degree higher than the first syllable of the line that preceded it. By degrees these syllables became associated and identified with their respective notes and as each syllable ended in a vowel, they were found to be peculiarity adapted for vocal use. Hence "Ut" was artificially replaced by "Do." Guido of Arezzo was the first to adopt them in the 11th century, and Le Marie, a French musician of the 17th century added "Si" for the seventh note of the scale, in order to complete the series." (Hulse, Soma Energetics) The original chant was as follows« Ut queant laxis Resonare fibris Mira gestoram Famuli tuorum Solve polluti Labii reatum Sancte Johannes
This translates to«
So that the servants might freely resonate the miracles of your deeds, wash the guilt from their polluted lips, Saint John.
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] Joseph Puleo found that hidden entries in Webster¶s Dictionary and the Original Greek Apocrypha gave the following definitions for each of the syllables«
UT ± 396 Hz ± Liberating Guilt and Fear RE ± 417 Hz ± Undoing Situations and Facilitating Change MI ± 528 Hz ± Transformation and Miracles (DNA Repair) FA ± 639 Hz ± Connecting/Relationships SOL ± 741 Hz ± Awakening Intuition LA ± 852 Hz ± Returning to Spiritual Order
(Horowitz 1999) Joseph Puleo suggests that these six tones may relate to the story of the destruction by sound of the walls of Jericho in six days before they fell on the seventh day to the clapping and cheering of the crowds and the account in genesis that god created the universe in six days before resting on the seventh. He also points out that the MI-ra gestorum (Miracle) note has the exact same frequency of 528 Hz that genetic biochemists are using to repair damaged DNA. Part of the reason that the solfeggio frequencies were lost is due to the change from just intonation to the 12 tone equal temperament that has become standard practice for the last 200 years due to a need for conformity between various instruments. The main culprits being the piano and harpsichord that prior to the introduction of equal temperament would have required completely retuning in order to play in different keys. The ancient method of Just Intonation featured pure intervals between every note that
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[HEALING FREQUENCIES] were mathematically related by ratios of small whole numbers leading to a much purer sound. According to Puleo and Horowitz the vibrational limits of modern music created using the 12 tone scale creates ³situations such as "boxed-in thinking," stuffed and suppressed emotions; and fear-based " lack" consciousness²all of which then tend to manifest into physical symptoms of dis-ease." In contrast to the expanded creative ability, holistic health and easier problem solving stimulated by the ancient solfeggio scale. (Horowitz 1999)
Many of the world¶s greatest composers may have used this information to create their timeless masterpieces. Mozart considered freemasonry to be an essential part of his life and would have had advanced knowledge of the solfeggio frequencies. He was an important influence on Haydn who wrote a lot of masses that were banned by Pope Pius X for being ³Scandalously gay´, though it seems far more likely that they were banned for their powerful spiritual mathematics. Bach was known for using numerology in his works and was a strong influence on Haydn as well as Beethoven, who was taught by Haydn and whose best friend was a mathematician. The application of this knowledge is not just restricted to music but can be applied to all the arts. One person who was very aware of this was Leonardo Da-Vinci
Da-Vinci and the Language of Numbers
"If you only knew the magnificence of the 3, 6 and 9, then you would have a key to the universe." ²Nicola tesla
In his follow up to healing codes; Love ± The Real Da Vinci Code Dr Horowitz explains that language is directly related to mathematics due to the electromagnetic frequencies of the sounds involved. He states that ³Each letter of the alphabet carries a certain frequency of sound or energy. That is, a certain set of mathematical vibrations²cycles per second²underlies communication in all languages. This is expressed in numbers for each letter. So there is an alpha-numeric, that is, letter/number basis for all languages and verbal communications that your brain interprets for better or worse.´
In his book he shows how ancient languages such as Hebrew and Sanskrit were ³mathematically designed to advance creative consciousness and divine spirituality´ He gives lots of examples of how many of the words used in the bible give significantly relevant numbers when you calculate their alpha numeric equivalent. Words such as God, Faith and Trust all total 8, which is the number for divinity and infinity. When you add all the numbers from 1 to 9 together you get 9 which symbolizes spiritual evolution and completion. The information given is far too complex and involved for the scope of this paper but suffice to say that after reading Love ± the Real Da-Vinci Code it is hard to discount the obvious links between numerology and language.
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] The biggest claim of Dr Horowitz¶s latest book is that the English language is actually designed to repress the spiritual evolution and creative abilities of the masses by being a reversal of the alpha-numeric qualities of the ancient languages. When the Levi priests wrote the first books of the bible around the time of Moses they did so using the creative spiritual knowledge that had been passed down to them from the Egyptians who had inherited it from the Babylonians who had in turn received it from the Sumerians. Messianic Jew, Horowitz claims that when his Levitical ancestors had translated the original torah into Greek they decided to encode the Book of Numbers with the frequencies for the original musical scale. During the Anglo Saxon times the ruling elite developed the vibrationally dissonant and mathematically reversed English language which was cemented with the creation of the King James Bible that became the standard for modern English. He explains that this was done in order to manipulate the population and keep them ignorant as well as keeping the information safe until such time that civilization could evolve to the stage where this information could be accepted and understood. Leonardo Da-Vinci lived around the time that the English language was being developed and was well aware of the knowledge of the alpha-numeric properties of ancient languages after studying the teachings of Plato, Vitruvius and Pythagoras. According to Dr Horowitz he was aware of how the reversed English language effected brain function and developed the ability to read and write backwards as a way to enhance his creative abilities. Many people believe that he wrote all his manuscripts backwards as a way to keep his knowledge secret, which is laughable as someone as intelligent as Da-Vinci would have been able to come up with a much more complex and
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] unbreakable code if he had wished to and he would have known that anyone intelligent enough to be trying to read his manuscripts would have been able to see through his reverse writing pretty quickly.
Two pioneering scientist who were well aware of this ancient knowledge during the late 1800s were Nikola Tesla and John Keely, who both claimed to have achieved such discoveries as acoustic levitation or antigravity and free energy. Both Keely and Tesla were obsessed with the Pythagorean belief that the numbers 3, 6 and 9 were extremely powerful. Tesla would only stay in rooms where the number was divisible by three and would always insist that his toast was cut into 9 pieces. Nikola Tesla is considered to be the single most important inventor of our times and his discovery of AC electricity has led to development of virtually every electrical device available today. He obtained over 300 patents for his inventions that included x rays, radio broadcasting, remote control, robotics, and even a particle beam weapon that he referred to as a µdeath ray¶. John Keely expanded the Pythagorean knowledge that everything has a particular vibration to make some monumental discoveries in the realms of anti gravity and the separation of hydrogen and oxygen in water. In 1874 he demonstrated his µetheric generator¶ which used acoustic vibration to produce hydrogen at pressures of 10,000 psi from 5 gallons of water. In his "Formula of Aqueous Disintegration" he wrote that, "molecular dissociation or disintegration of both simple and compound elements, whether gaseous or solid, a stream of vibratory antagonistic thirds, sixths, or ninths, on their chord mass will compel progressive subdivisions. In the disintegration of water the instrument is set on thirds, sixths, and ninths, to get the best effects." (Horowitz 1999).
Cymatics and Quantum Physics
On the 8th of July 1680, polymath, architect and philosopher, Robert Hooke discovered that it was possible to view patterns of vibration on a glass plate by covering it with flour and running a violin bow along the edge.
Cymatics in action, Image taken from http://irevolution.wordpress.com/2009/09/20/cymatics-to-crisis-mapping/
This technique was expanded by German musician and physicist Ernst Florens Friedrich Chladni who published his findings in his 1787 book Entdeckungen über die Theorie des Klanges (Discoveries in the Theory of Sound) and these methods of viewing vibrations are nowadays referred to as µChladni Plates¶. His studies led to the formation of µChladni¶s Law¶, which is an equation that can be used to describe the vibrations of various objects. The techniques he discovered are commonly used in the
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[HEALING FREQUENCIES] design and manufacture of various acoustic instruments. His work was continued by the German physicist and musician Hans Jenny who developed the science of ³Cymatics´. As well as using powders, he also experimented with liquids and published his findings in his 1967 book Cymatics: the Study of Wave Phenomena, followed by Part 2 in 1972. Jenny puts forward the idea that much of the symmetrical forms that we see in nature may have taken shape through the influence of vibration and that this shows us that sound may well be the creating force behind everything in the universe. One of his discoveries that adds weight to the idea that language and mathematics are linked is that when the sounds of the vowels of the Hebrew language were applied to a flat plate covered in fine grains, the patterns that formed were the same as the written symbols for those vowels. Another author who also offers evidence for a numerical basis for the development of writing is Zecharia Sitchin. In Genesis Revisited - Is Modern Science Catching Up With Ancient Knowledge he puts forward a very convincing theory that that the Sumerian cuneiform writing that consists of hundreds of symbols, was developed using a method of joining points together according to certain criteria to obtain different graph patterns. In April 2007 father and son Tommy and Stuart Mitchell claimed to have found Chladni figures carved into the stone blocks in the roof of Rosslyn Chapel in Scotland. Made famous by Dan Brown¶s novel ³The Da Vinci Code´ it has often been speculated that it is the hiding place of such artifacts as the ark of the covenant and the holy grail and many believe that it was built by the knights templar to encode some kind of secret knowledge. Although the descendants of the chapel¶s builder William St Clair (a grand master of the Scottish stone masons) deny all this, there is no getting away from the
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[HEALING FREQUENCIES] fact that the chapel is full of Masonic symbolism. The 213 carved stone cubes that adorn the ceiling all have different patterns that the Mitchells have de-coded to create a piece of music entitled ³The Rosslyn Motet´ which was performed in the chapel in May 2007. Stuart Mitchell claims that the first interval encoded in the ceiling is an augmented fourth, otherwise known as the devils interval, which was banned by the church and he believes that St Clair may have put it there as a way to secretly challenge the authority of the church. Could it be that the frequencies encoded in the roof of Rosslyn chapel are those very same solfeggio frequencies that Joseph Puleo claims to have discovered encoded in the bible?
Picture of part of the ceiling of Rosslyn chapel taken from http://soundhealingresource.blogspot.com/2007/05/rosslyn-chapel-cymatic-motet.html
It is also interesting to note that the patterns witnessed in cymatics also bear a striking similarity to the mandalas used for meditation in Hinduism and Buddhism and even some of the patterns that are seen in crop circles. In ³Secrets in the Fields: The Science and Mysticism of Crop Circles´ author Fred Silva suggests the possibility than an
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[HEALING FREQUENCIES] extraterrestrial intelligence could be creating these patterns in order to communicate with us through the pure language of mathematics.
Crop circle compared to cymatic image taken from http://www.cropcirclesecrets.org/crop_circles_sound.html
Cymatics gives us an extraordinary insight into the ability of sound to affect physical matter, something that is of great interest to those studying quantum mechanics. The field of quantum physics is incredibly impossible to define and many scientists are continuously debating over possible definitions, but suffice to say that it involves the study of the behavior of energy and matter at a subatomic level, and has made some important discoveries that tell us that physical matter can behave differently depending on whether it is being observed and that the observer can change physical reality with their intentions. This opens up a whole new world of possibilities and brings an air of believability to the idea that human beings may possess untold psychic abilities.
In experiments performed by Japanese author Masaru Emoto it has been discovered that when water is frozen and then photographed with a microscope the crystalline structure of the water can vary greatly depending on a variety of contributing factors. Pure water from a mountain stream was found to have an ordered geometric shape compared to polluted water that appeared to have a distorted and random structure.
When he exposed water to different stimulus such as words or music he found that he could affect the structure of the water crystals simply by projecting different intentions at the water. When words were taped to a bottle overnight the resulting water crystals revealed some astonishing behavior. When phrases such as ³you make me sick, I will kill you´ or ³Adolph Hitler´ were used, the water crystals were random and ugly, whereas phrases such as ³thank you´, ³love´ and ³Mother Teresa´ all produced beautiful 6 sided crystals! The number 6 has always been thought of in numerology as signifying perfection and can be seen all through nature from quartz crystals to the use of hexagons in beehives as a means of gaining the most efficient use of space with the minimum materials.
Heavy Metal Music
You Make Me Sick, I Will Kill You
Love and Appreciation
Images taken from http://www.life-enthusiast.com/twilight/research_emoto.htm
His experiments received worldwide exposure when they were featured in the 2004 award winning documentary what the *$%! Do we know!?. After some criticism of his methods in 2006, Mr Emoto published a paper in the Journal of Science and Healing describing a double blind test which showed that 2000 people in Tokyo were able to affect the structure of water in a room in California simply by projecting positive intentions. When we consider that the human body is made up of around 70% water it gives enormous weight to the claims made by healers of every kind. It is worth noting here that in Genesis Revisited Zecharia Sitchin explains how the Sumerians had advanced knowledge of the existence of water on a large number of the planets in our solar system and how the findings of recent efforts in space exploration have started to confirm this knowledge.
Time to Retune?
The modern tuning used by musicians all over the world is that of A440hz .This was endorsed by the International standards Organization in 1953. According to some researchers this was on the suggestion of Nazi party spokesman Joseph Goebbels whilst others claim that it was either Bach or the Catholic Church. Over 20,000 musicians in France petitioned against it, but by 1955 they had codified it as the international standard. In April 2008 Dutch journalist Richard Huisken founded the µback to 432Hz¶ committee, claiming that the original 432Hz tuning that was used in ancient cultures and is found on antique instruments like the Stradivarius violin is the natural musical pitch of the universe. According to Huisken, music tuned to 432 Hz is softer and brighter, giving greater clarity and is easier on the ears. It is also claimed that the 440 Hz frequency affects the third eye or thinking chakra, whereas 432 Hz affects the heart chakra. Many musicians have reported positive effects from re-tuning to 432 Hz, such as better audience response and an easier more laid back feel to their performances. According to Brian T Collins ³432hz vibrates on the principals of the golden mean PHI and unifies the properties of light, time, space, matter, gravity and magnetism with biology, the DNA code and consciousness.´ I found a comment on an internet forum claiming that when the technique of cymatics is applied to the 440 Hz frequency the result is a continuously changing pattern of interference with no sympathetic vibrations, whereas 432 Hz yields a perfect circle with
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[HEALING FREQUENCIES] a dot in the middle. This symbol, otherwise known as the circumpunct is one that was used in many ancient cultures to represent such things as Ra or the sun god, divine order, gold or even a stylized version of the atom for hydrogen (³hydrogen is the lightest element. It is by far the most abundant element in the universe and makes up about 90% of the universe by weight. Hydrogen as water (H2O) is absolutely essential to life and it is present in all organic compound ³) (http://www.webelements.com/hydrogen/). Unfortunately, there appears to be very little evidence to substantiate this claim apart from one video I found online that clearly shows the formation of the circumpunct on a chladni plate in response to the 432 Hz frequency being played at various octaves. (http://radicalfilms.co.uk/2007/12/26/a-432hz-vs-a-440hz-a-sonic-experimentfascinating/)
Although he is extremely good at uncovering conspiracies and getting them into the eyes of the public, Dr Horowitz is the first to admit that he knows very little about music theory and has started to work with musicians in order to work out how best to use these ancient frequencies, including professional sound engineer Michael Walton who used a set of tuning forks manufactured to the precise frequencies of the original solfeggio scale and a Korg Oasys synthesizer to build a musical scale based around the central 528 Hz frequency. Dr Horowitz has spurred a number of websites and organizations urging people to tune their instruments to 528 Hz and has spurred an annual concert entitled Live H20, involving over 70 worldwide venues and a live internet broadcast, in which people all over the world are encouraged to sing or play music
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] based on the 528 Hz frequency in order to promote healing by focusing the µfrequency of love¶ into all the world¶s major bodies of water.
Unfortunately there appear to be some fundamental flaws in his claims. On the Live H20 website he states ³modern standard tuning based on "A=440Hz" has come under scientific scrutiny. This politically imposed tuning is energetically degrading to the human spirit according to recent discoveries in sound science and natural healing. Tuning instruments to A=440 frequency stimulates the head, the intellect, but blocks the heart and intuition. A=440Hz generally produces increased anxiety in performers and listeners, while 528Hz tuning produces greater relaxation and creative self expression.´
He is urging people to revert to what he claims is an ancient tuning system by re-tuning to A=444Hz but he is basing his claims on calculations made using the equal temperament system which has only been known to exist since about the 16th century. Surely if he wants people to revert to the older system of tuning then he should also be advocating a return to just intonation, which gives much more harmonious music due to it¶s purer intervals that are derived from whole number ratios. This is where his theory starts to come unstuck as a simple calculation reveals that with just intonation 528 Hz is actually a perfect minor third of 440 Hz! He has also put forward what he calls the µPerfect Circle of Sound¶ based on the solfeggio frequencies plus three more numbers that he came up with by rearranging the order of 3 of the original numbers, and has even produced his own line of clothing featuring his design.
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Len Horowitz¶s µperfect circle of sound¶ taken from http://web.mac.com/len15/LOVE528/HOME.html
Unfortunately I was disappointed to find that when I attempted to produce my own scale featuring these frequencies I found that none of the frequencies in the scale had any harmonic relationship with any of the others according to the Pythagorean ratios of just intonation. I had wanted to try and create my own music using these frequencies but now found that in order to use them I would have to create a different scale for each frequency. To use more than one of these frequencies in the same piece of music would go against the basic principles of music theory and would certainly not be particularly harmonious. I feel that Dr Horowitz description of these frequencies as an ³ancient musical scale´ is misleading, although he has admitted on one of his websites that he is guilty of using incorrect terminology to sensationalize his findings in order to get them in the public eye.
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] In the article ³Synthesizer Re-tuning to the Perfect Circle of Sound´ that he produced with Michael Walton he claims that they devised a central harmonic triad of 285 Hz, 528 Hz and 852 Hz to be used for chakra tuning. I found that the ratio between 285 and 528 is 95:176 and the ratio between 528 and 852 is 44:71. This is hardly what you could call harmonic. Dr Horowitz also makes the same claims about the 528 Hz frequency that Brian Collins makes about 432 Hz. One of his websites features an article by Vic Showell that is full of all sorts of impossibly complicated calculations and contrived connections that apparently show that the solfeggio is mathematically related to pi, phi and the Fibonacci series. I found that the ratio linking 432 Hz and 528 Hz is 9:11 or 27:33, which is similar to but not the same as the ratio of a minor third which is 27:32. I was unable to find any references to the 432 Hz frequency in any of Dr Horowitz¶s publications.
Although there have now been numerous books and thousands of websites published based on this information there is very little information or advice for musicians on how best to use the solfeggio scale, a thorough search of all the literature available only reveals more people asking the same unanswered questions. Many of the claims made of the different qualities of these tunings are based on theories and there appears to be very little direct evidence to prove that these frequencies have a positive effect on those that hear them. Many of the websites feature quotes from people saying that they can tell the difference between the tunings but it is impossible to gauge how much of their experience is psychological, due to the fact that they were told that the music they were performing or hearing would feel different because of the alternative tuning.
27 Healing Frequencies
A lot of the information that I have found has been embroidered with all sorts of unsubstantiated claims and there are thousands of websites offering everything from CDs of music created from the solfeggio tones to devices designed to use healing frequencies to restore the electromagnetic purity of drinking water, but it does appear that there is some truth to the idea that sound has extraordinary healing qualities. It is hard to distinguish the real science from the pseudo science of those that simply want to believe but it seems highly likely that the discoveries being made by the quantum physicists and the huge amount of interest that has been generated by the experiments of Masaru Emoto may be poised to change the way that we approach the creation of music. All that remains now is for those in the music industry to wake up to the responsibility that the music they are producing may have a profound effect on us. Although music is all about free expression, perhaps there are some types of music that should be expressed a little less often.
A-432Hz (Known as Verdi¶s µA¶) vs A-440hz, A Sonic Experiment, Available at:
Alford Alan f Gods Of The New Millennium (Hodder & Stoughton Ltd; July 1997) Baigent Michael Holy Blood Holy Grail (Ebook), Available at: http://isohunt.com/torrent_details/122124257/holy+blood+holy+grail?tab=summary (Accessed 6th March 2010) Biema David Van A Lead On The Ark Of The Covenant Time Magazine 21 feb 2008, Available at: http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1715337,00.html Accessed (15 april 2010) Brown Dan, The Lost Symbol, (Doubleday, Transworld 2009) Cavanagh Lynn A brief history of the establishment of international standard pitch a=440 hertz (Ebook)Available at: http://www.wam.hr/arhiva/US/Cavanagh_440Hz.pdf (Accessed 19 April 2010) Collins Brian T The Importance of 432hz Music available at: http://www.omega432.com/music.html (Accessed 19 April 2010) Decker Jerry A Brief History of John Worrell Keely Available at: http://keelynet.com/keelyhistory.htm (Accessed 24th March 2010) Frater x The Music of The Spheres, Rosicrucian Forum 1951 (Published in Rosicrucian Digest volume 87 number 1 2009) Horowitz len and Puleo Joseph Healing Codes For The Biological Apocalypse (Tetrahedron 2001) Horowitz Leonard G and Walton Michael Synthesizer Re-tuning to the Perfect Circle of Sound: A Preliminary Study with Implications for BioEnergetic Healing Available at:
http://web.me.com/len15/HYDROSONICS/THE_JOURNAL_OF_HYDROCREATIONISM______ __________________________________________________.html (Accessed 19 april 2010)
Huisken Richard, Back to 432Hz website, Available at: http://www.backto432hz.org/ Hulse David, Forgotten In Time: The Ancient Solfeggio Frequencies. Available at: http://www.lightwithin.com/SomaEnergetics/2About_Solfeggio.htm Live H20 website available at: http://www.liveh2o.org/
29 Healing Frequencies
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] Lost Lightning ± The missing Secrets of Nikola Tesla (Video) Available at: http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/lost-lightning/ (Accessed 30 march 2010) Pacholczyk Jozef Music and Astronomy in the Muslim World (ebook) (MIT Press 1996) Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/20891543/Islam-Music-and-Astronomy Palmgren Henrik Sir Francis Bacon AKA William Shakespeare Available at: http://www.redicecreations.com/specialreports/2005/04apr/baconshakespeare.html (Accessed 22nd March 2010) Reynolds Alice Oldest Musical instrument Found, published in discover magazine jan 2010 available at: http://discovermagazine.com/2010/janfeb/051/?searchterm=oldest%20musical (Accessed 15th march 2010) Robertson Alec & Stevens Denis A History of Music Volume 1, Ancient Forms to polyphony (Penguin Books 1960) Silva Fred Secrets in the Fields: The Science and Mysticism of Crop Circles (Hampton Roads Publishing Co Sep 2002) Sitchin Zecharia The 12th Planet (Earth Chronicles, No. 1), (New York: Harper, 1976) Sitchin Zecharia Genesis Revisited - Is Modern Science Catching Up With Ancient Knowledge (New York: Harper, 1990) Showell Vic, Pi, Phi and 528 Proof that 528Hz is Central to Spiritual Freedom: Transformational Math and Music for LIVE H2O article available at: http://web.mac.com/len15/LOVE528/Pi,_PHI_&_528.html (Accessed 12 april 2010)
30 Healing Frequencies
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] A-432Hz (Known as Verdi¶s µA¶) vs A-440hz, A Sonic Experiment, Available at:
Abel Dawn, M.A, M. Ed Director, Maya Mystery School of N. CA, The Legacy of the Gods (Ebook), Available at: Alford Alan f Gods Of The New Millennium (Hodder & Stoughton Ltd; July 1997) Alexjander Susan, What The F# Is Going On, Taken From Dna Monthly April 2006 (Vol. 2, No. 4), Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/16257438/DNA-Monthly-Vol-2-No-4 (Accessed 24th Feb 2010) Baigent Michael Holy Blood Holy Grail (Ebook), Available at: http://isohunt.com/torrent_details/122124257/holy+blood+holy+grail?tab=summary (Accessed 6th March 2010) Balfour Mark, Sacred Sites: Sacred Sounds (Ebook), (Metavision 2010), Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/16946253/Australia-Sacred-Sites-Sacred-Soundsvjsfhotmailfr (Accessed 20th Feb 2010) Cavanagh Lynn A brief history of the establishment of international standard pitch a=440 hertz (Ebook)Available at: http://www.wam.hr/arhiva/US/Cavanagh_440Hz.pdf (Accessed 19 april 2010) Collins Brian T The Importance of 432hz Music available at: http://www.omega432.com/music.html (Accessed 19 April 2010) http://www.mayamysteryschool.com/pdf%20files/Director_Sept2003.pdf (Accessed 24th Feb 2010) Barrett Marie C., Integrative Spirituality, Quantum Physics and the Shift, available at: http://www.holisticwealthcreation.com/articles/spirit/physicsshift.html BBC news article 2007, Team cracks chapel¶s music µcode¶, Available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/edinburgh_and_east/6605767.stm?ls Biema David Van A Lead On The Ark Of The Covenant Time Magazine 21 feb 2008, Available at: http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1715337,00.html Accessed (15 april 2010) Brown Dan, The Lost Symbol, (Doubleday, Transworld 2009) Cathie Bruce, Acoustic levitation of stones Available at: http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/antigravityworldgrid/ciencia_antigravityworldgr id08.htm (Accessed 12 December 2009)
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] Cavanagh Danny 2004 , Mantras and Healing Sounds (Ebook), Available at: http://www.ayurveda.uk.com/download_pdf/Ch%207%20%20Mantras%20%26%20healing%20sounds.pdf (Accessed 18 Feb 2010) Decker Jerry A Brief History of John Worrell Keely Available at: http://keelynet.com/keelyhistory.htm (Accessed 24th March 2010) Frater x The Music of The Spheres, (Rosicrucian Digest volume 87 number 1 2009) Gibson Mitchell Earl MD, New Discoveries about Human DNA taken from DNA & Enlightenment - Your Spiritual Revolution eMag - Nov. 2007. Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/26195620/DNA-Enlightenment-YourSpiritual-Revolution-eMag-Nov-2007-Issue (Accessed 24th Feb 2010) Groenen Jacques, The Music Revolution (Ebook), Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/19749688/New-Musical-Tuning (Accessed 2nd Feb 2010) Goldman Jonathan, Nine Insights on Sound Healing, (Ebook), Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/16583775/Nine-Insights-on-Sound-Healing (Accessed 24 Feb 2010)
Hancock Graham Supernatural, Meetings with the
Ancient Teachers of Mankind (Ebook), (The Disinformation Company Ltd.2007) Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/22792427/Graham-Hancock-SupernaturalMeetings-With-the-Ancient-Teachers-of-Mankind Hall Manly P, 1928, The Secret Teachings of All Ages, p. 81 (The Pythagorean Theory of Music and Color). Available at: http://www.sacred-texts.com/eso/sta/sta19.htm Harman Willis, 1998, What Are Noetic Sciences? Noetic sciences review # 47, page 32. Available at: http://www.noetic.org/publications/review/issue47/r47_Harman.html Herlevi Patricia , 2007, The Powerful Language of Music, a Frontier Where Quantum Physics, Healing Arts, Spirituality and Culture Intersect. Available at: http://worldmusiccentral.org/article.php/the_powerful_language_of_music Hulse David, Forgotten In Time: The Ancient Solfeggio Frequencies. Available at: http://www.lightwithin.com/SomaEnergetics/2About_Solfeggio.htm Horowitz Len Love, The Real Da Vinci Code (Ebook) Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6906939/Dr-Len-Horowitz-Love-the-Real-Da-Vinci-Code (Accessed 22 march 2010)
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] Horowitz len and Puleo Joseph Healing Codes For The Biological Apocalypse (Tetrahedron 2001) Horowitz Leonard G and Walton Michael Synthesizer Re-tuning to the Perfect Circle of Sound: A Preliminary Study with Implications for BioEnergetic Healing Available at:
http://web.me.com/len15/HYDROSONICS/THE_JOURNAL_OF_HYDROCREATIONISM______ __________________________________________________.html (Accessed 19 april 2010)
Huisken Richard, Back to 432Hz website, Available at: http://www.backto432hz.org/ Institute of noetic sciences, Bleep Study guide (Ebook) available at: http://www.noetic.org/research/files/Bleep_Study_Guide.pdf (Accessed 25 November 2009) Jenny Hans - Cymatics - A Study of Wave Phenomena and Vibration - Volume 1 (1967)(Ebook) Available at: http://isohunt.com/torrent_details/111671229/hans+jenny?tab=summary (Accessed 12 March 2010) Kennerly Richard Cauley, An Empirical Investigation Into the Effect of Beta Frequency Binaural Beat Audio Signals on Four Measures of Human Memory,( Hemi-Sync Journal Summer 1996) Available at: http://www.monroeinstitute.org/wiki/index.php/An_Empirical_Investigation_Into_the_Effe ct_of_Beta_Frequency_Binaural_Beat_Audio_Signals_on_Four_Measures_of_Human_ Memory (Accessed 26th Feb 2010) Live H20 website available at: http://www.liveh2o.org/ Lost Lightning ± The missing Secrets of Nikola Tesla (Video) Available at: http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/lost-lightning/ (Accessed 30 march 2010) Manzinelli Paulo Qauntum Physics of Sound and Music (ebook) Available at: http://www.wbabin.net/science/manzelli12.pdf (Accessed 20 december 2009). McClain Ernest G. Musical Theory and Ancient Cosmology (ebook) Available at:http://www.scribd.com/doc/4438047/Musical-Theory-and-AncientCosmology(Accessed 16th March 2010) Mercuri Carmela The Power of Music in the Ancient World - Historically music had a vital part to play in education http://www.eslteachersboard.com/cgibin/articles/index.pl?read=3134 (Accessed 15th March 2010)
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] Pacholczyk Jozef Music and Astronomy in the Muslim World (ebook) (MIT Press 1996) Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/20891543/Islam-Music-and-Astronomy Palmgren Henrik Sir Francis Bacon AKA William Shakespeare Available at: http://www.redicecreations.com/specialreports/2005/04apr/baconshakespeare.html (Accessed 22nd March 2010) Phillips Steven M, Why the Greek Musical Modes are Sacred, (Ebook) Available at: http://www.smphillips.8m.com/Article14.pdf (Accessed 24th Feb 2010) Phillips Steven M, New Pythagorean Aspects of Music & Their Connection to Superstrings (Ebook) Available at: http://www.smphillips.8m.com/Article12.pdf (Accessed 24th Feb 2010) Reynolds Alice Oldest Musical instrument Found, published in discover magazine jan 2010 available at: http://discovermagazine.com/2010/janfeb/051/?searchterm=oldest%20musical (Accessed 15th march 2010) Richards, Melanie M.Mus. S.R.C. Pythagoras and Music (Rosicrucian Digest volume 87 number 1 2009) Roach Mary, 2005, A Souls Weight, Lost Magazine no 1 December 2005, Available at: http://www.lostmag.com/issue1/soulsweight.php Robertson Alec & Stevens Denis A History of Music Volume 1, Ancient Forms to polyphony (Penguin Books 1960) Rosenberg Gordon, Vibrational Awakening, A Sound Healing Anthology (Ebook) Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/8082790/Vibrational-Awakening-a-soundhealing-anthology (Accessed 10 Feb 2010) Silva Fred Secrets in the Fields: The Science and Mysticism of Crop Circles (Hampton Roads Publishing Co Sep 2002) Sitchen Zecharia The 12th Planet (Earth Chronicles, No. 1), (New York: Harper, 1976) Sitchin Zecharia Genesis Revisited - Is Modern Science Catching Up With Ancient Knowledge (New York: Harper, 1990) Showell Vic, Pi, Phi and 528 Proof that 528Hz is Central to Spiritual Freedom: Transformational Math and Music for LIVE H2O article available at: http://web.mac.com/len15/LOVE528/Pi,_PHI_&_528.html (Accessed 12 april 2010) Turow Gabe, Auditory driving as a Ritual technology: A Review and Analysis, (Ebook) Stanford university 2005). Available at: http://www.stanford.edu/group/brainwaves/2006/AuditoryDrivingRitualTech.pdf
34 Healing Frequencies
[HEALING FREQUENCIES] Volk Jeff, Sound frequencies symmetrical harmonic vibrating water, excerpt from Kindred Spirit Issue 60 Autumn 2002 (Ebook), Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/9445589/Sound-frequencies-symmetrical-harmonicvibrating-water (Accessed 21 feb 2010) What The Bleep Do We Know website Available at: http://www.whatthebleep.com Isochronic tones website with free downloads http://www.iso-tones.com/tones.html The Unexplainable store http://www.store.unexplainable.net/products/binauralbeats.php