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INDUATRIAL HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENTS (030050807)

Numerical Bank

LMTD

1) A tubular heat exchanger is to be designed for cooling oil from a temperature of

80° to 30 ° C by a large of stagnant water which may be assumed to remain

constant at a temperature of 20 °C. The heat transfer surface consist of 30m long

straight tube of 20 mm inside diameter. The oil (specific gravity= 2.5 kJ/kg K and

sp.gravity = 0.8) flows through the cylindrical tube with an average velocity of 50

m/s. Calculate the overall heat transfer coefficient for the oil cooler. (Ans. U=0.2987

kJ/m2-s-°C)

2) A counter flow concentric tube heat exchanger is used to cool the lubricating oil

of a large industrial gas turbine engine. The oil flows through the tube at 0.19 kg/s

(Cp = 2.18 kJ/kg K), and the coolant water flows in the annulus in the opposite

direction at the rate of 0.15 kg/s (C p= 4.18 kJ/kg K).the oil enters the coolant at 425 K

and leaves 345 While the coolant enters at 285 K. How long must the tube be made

to perform this duty if the heat transfer coefficient from oil to tube surface is 2250

W/m2 K and from tube surface to water is 5650 W/m2 K? The tube has a mean die of

12.5mm and its wall presents negligible resistance to heat transfer. (Ans. L =7.21

m)

3) A heat exchanger is to be designed to condense 8 kg/s of an organic liquid ( T sat =

80 °C ; hfg = 600 kJ/kg ) with cooling water available at 15 °C and at flow rate of 60

kg/s. The overall heat transfer coefficient is 480 W/m 2 K. Calculate (a) the number of

tube required .The tubes are to be of 25m diameter and 2 mm thickness and 4.85 m

length. (b) The number of tube passes. The velocity of the cooling water is not

exceeded 2 m/s. (Ans. a) N=478 b) 6 passes)

4) Cold water enters a counter flow heat exchanger at 10 °C at a rate of 8 kg/s,

where it is heated by hot water stream that enters that heat exchanger at 70 °C at

rate of 2 kg/s. Assuming the maximum heat transfer rate and the outlet

temperature of the cold and the hot water streams for this limiting case. (Ans. Q max

= 502 kW, Tci=25 °C ,Thi= 10 °C)

5) A test is conducted to determine the overall heat transfer coefficient in a shelland-tube oil-to-water heat transfer coefficient that has 24 tubes of internal dia of

1.2 cm and length of 2 m in single shell. Cold water (C p== 4180 J/kg.K) enters the

tubes at a rate of 3 kg/s and leaves at 55 °C. Oil (C p=2150 J/kg.K) flows through the

shell and is cooled from 120 °C to 45 °C. Determine the overall heat transfer

coefficient Ui of this HE based on the inner surface area of the tubes. (Ans. 8.31

kW/m2 K)

6) A thin wall double pipe counter flow heat exchanger is to be used to cool oil

(Cp=2200 J/kg.K) from 150 °C to 50 °C at a rate of 2.5 kg/s by water (C p= 4810

find the exit temperatures of the process liquid and water stream from the data given below ((Inlet temp.How these results would be affected if a 1 -10(one shell pass and ten tube pass) heat exchanger is employed? (Ans.K Hot fluid(water) 365 1.J/kg. A counter flow heat exchanger of surface area 8 m2 is to be used to heat the process liquid by using a high temperature from water available at another plant.27%) 3) Water (sp heat= 4 kJ/kg K) enters a cross flow exchanger (both fluids unmixed) at 15 °C and flow at the rate of 7. where it is heated by hot water stream (C p=4190 J/kg. (Ans.5 kg/s .3 °C b) th2= 32. Determine the maximum heat transfer rate and the outlet temp of both fluids for that case.0 2. NTU 1) sketch the temperature length curves for a counter flow and parallel flow heat exchangers when i) Cc > Ch ii) Cc = Ch iii)Cc <Ch . If the overall coefficient of heat transfer is 450 W/m2 K. in K Mass flow rate in kg/s Specific heat in kJ/kg .5 cm.K) enters a cross flow heat exchanger at 20 °C at a rate of 3 kg/s.the dia of tube is 2. .K) that enters at 22 °C at a rate of 1. th2= 21.Determine the overall heat transfer coefficient of this heat exchanger. a) 44. how much will be the percentage reduction in heat transfer? Use effectiveness NTU approach. what heat exchanger area is required? If the same air flow is maintained while the water flow rate is reduced to half.K) that enters the heat exchanger at 70 °C at a rate of 1 kg/s. The cooling is accomplished by a stream of cooling water that enters the system with 0.Determine the total heat transfer and the outlet temperature of air .2 Cold fluid (process liquid) 300 3.For an overall heat transfer coefficient 780 W/m2 K and an exchanger surface area of 240 m 2 .0 4.5 kg/s .8 kg/s of air from 45 °C to 15 °C.85 °C) 4) Hot oil (Cp=1005 J/kg.It cools air (C p = 1 kJ/kg K)flowing at the rate of 10 kg/s from an inlet temperature of 120 °C .10 m2 b) 6.If the overall heat transfer coefficient is 35 W/m2 K.1 2) A home air conditioner system uses a counter flow heat exchanger to cool 0.5kg/s flow rate and 8 °C temperature . and its length is 6 m.

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