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Civil Engineering Department

Advance Design of Steel Structures


M.Tech- I (2nd semester)

ADVANCE DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURRES


UKA TARSADIA UNIVERSITY
Chhotubhai Gopalbhai Patel Institute of Technology
Maliba campus, Gopal Vidyanagar,
bardoli- Mahuva road, Tarsadi, Dist: Surat-394350
web site: www.cgpit.ac.in
Prepared By :- Prof. Anuj Chandiwala

1. BASICS OF STEEL STRUCTURAL


DESIGN
1. What are the main objectives of a structural engineer while designing
steel structures?
2. What are the various steps involved in the construction of steel
structures?
3. What are the roles and responsibility of the designer?
4. Distinguish between analysis and design.
5. Why are codes of practice necessary and what is the function of codal
specifications?
6. Distinguish between working stress method, ultimate strength method
and limit state method.
7. What are the four accepted yield criteria?
8. What are the limitations and shortcomings of the working stress method?
9. What are the features of the load and resistant factor design?
10.Write a brief note about the various serviceability limit states considered
by the codes.
11.State the Huber, Von Mises and Hencky failure theory.

ADVANCE DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURRES

2. PLATE GIRDER BRIDGES


12.Write a short note on general aspect of plate Girder Bridge.
13.Explain design principles in detail.
14.A deck type welded steel plate girder bridge of single span 25 m is
required for a B.G. main line, single track (gauge length 1676 mm)
crossing over a stream. The following data is available. Dead load/
track (open floor) =7.5 KN/m.
E.U.L.L. for B.M. calculations/track = 2356 KN
E.U.L.L. for shear calculations/ track = 2586 KN
Side slopes of embankment = 1.5: 1
Average bed level = 100.00
High flood level = 103.00
Top of rail level = 107.00
Hard rock available at 98.50, width of embankment = 4m
A) Design the main plate girder with intermediate and bearing
stiffeners and lateral bracing and cross frame at ends.
B) Draw the following views:
1) Half longitudinal section and half longitudinal elevation.
2) Half plan at foundation and half plan at top.
3) Cross- section showing the plate girder and end cross frame.
4) Longitudinal elevation of plate girder near support showing the
bearing and intermediate stiffeners and weld details.
15.A plate girder is to be designed for a B.G. track to suit the following
data:
Span of the girder = 20 m
Dead load of track = 7.5 KN/m
E.U.L.L. for B.M. calculations/ track = 1964 KN
E.U.L.L. for shear calculations/ track = 2168 KN
Design the plate girder and sketch the details of the longitudinal and
cross- sections showing the details of cross bracing and welded
connections.
16.A plate girder deck is to be designed for a B.G. track to suit the
following data:Effective span of the girder = 15 m.

ADVANCE DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURRES


Dead load of the sleepers, rails and fittings = 10 KN/m
E.U.L.L. for B.M. calculations/ track = 1631 KN
E.U.L.L. for shear calculations/ track = 1801 KN
Design the plate girder to conform to the IRS loading and IRC
specifications and sketch the typical cross section of the bridge deck.

ADVANCE DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURRES

3. Bridge BEARINGS
1. Define Bearing. Enlist the different type of bearings.
2. Write a short note on expansion type bearings. Explain it with neat
sketch.
3. Write a short note on fixed type bearings. Explain it with neat sketch.
4. Design a steel rocker bearing for transmitting a vertical reaction of
1000 KN and a horizontal reaction of 100 KN at the support of a
bridge girder, assuming the following permissible stresses according
to IRC: 83-1982.
Permissible compressive stress in concrete bed block = 4 N/mm2
Permissible bending stress in steel plate = 160 N/mm2
Permissible bearing stress in steel plate = 185 N/mm2
Permissible shear stress in steel = 105 N/mm2
Sketch the typical details of the rocker bearing.
5. Design a steel rocker roller bearing to transmit a load of 1000 KN
using the following data:Allowable working load on single and double rollers = 8 N per mm
diameter per mm length.
Permissible compressive stress in concrete bed block = 4 N/mm2
Permissible bending stress in steel plate = 160 N/mm2
Permissible bearing stress in steel plate = 185 N/mm2
Permissible shear stress in steel = 105 N/mm2
6. Design a reinforced concrete rocker bearing to transmit a support
reaction of 600 KN. Adopt M-30 Grade concrete and Fe-415 grade of
HYSD bars. Permissible bearing stress in concrete is 8 N/mm 2. Sketch
the details of reinforcement in the rocker bearing.
7. Design an elastomeric pad bearing to support a tee beam girder of a
bearing using the following data:Maximum dead load reaction per bearing = 300 KN
Maximum live load reaction per bearing = 700 KN
Longitudinal force due to friction per bearing = 45 KN
Effective span of the girder = 16 m.
Estimated rotation at bearing of the girder due to dead and live loads =
0.002 radians.
Concrete for tee beam and bed block = M-20 Grade
Total estimated shear strain due to creep, shrinkage and temperature =
6 X 10-4.

ADVANCE DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURRES

4. PIERS and ABUTMENTS


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Enlist the list of materials for piers and abutment.


Enlist the different type of piers. Explain them with neat sketch.
Write down the forces auctioning on piers.
Enlist the general features of abutment.
Enlist the design of abutment.
Which are the forces action on abutments.
Enlist the different types of wing walls. Explain it with neat sketch.

5. BRIDGE FOUNDATIONS

ADVANCE DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURRES

1.
Enlist different types of foundations. Explain it with sketch.
2. The pier of a major fly over bridge transmits a load of 8400 KN at the
foundation level. Design the number of precast R.C.C. piles and a suitable
pile cap using the following data:Width of pier = 1 m.
Length of pier = 9m
Size of piles = 300 mm X 300 mm
Spacing of piles = 1.5 m
Materials:- M-20 grade concrete and Fe-415 HYSD bars.
Hard strata is available at a depth of 6 m below the ground level at bridge
site.
3. Design a well foundation for the pier of a major highway bridge to suit
the following data:Internal diameter of well = 2.5 m
Type of soil strata = clayee (K = 0.033)
Depth of well = 25 m below bed level.
Materials:- M-20 grade concrete and Fe-415 HYSD bars.