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Reg. I{o.

:

P 1331
B.E/B.Tech.DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2007.
Seventh Semester
Mechanical Engineering
ME 432 - POWER PI"ANT ENGINEERING
Time : Three hours

Maximum : 100 marks

x2=Z}marks)

N.

PARTA-(10

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Answer ALL questions.

What do you understand by combined power cycles?

2.

State the advantagesof gas turbine power plants.

3.

What are super critical boilers?

4.

Why reheaters and regenerators are used in power plants?

5,

What is meant by overfeed and underfeed principles of coal firing?

6.

Horv is the asir proclucedimportant in the selectionof thermal power plant
site?

7.

What do you understandby the term equivaleni evaporation?

8.

Define maximum demand anci loacl factor.

9.

f,ist dawn the different types of nuciear reacLorscommonly used in polver
plants.

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w.

M

aa
na

va

1"

10. \Vhat,are thst bretclerreactor*i?

Find the thermal efficiency of the cycle assuming the pressure loss in the w.The steam is then reheated to aa na original temperature and then it expands in the lower stage of the turbine upto the condenser pressure of 0. (ii) Explain the working principle of a fluidized bed combustionsystem (8) rvith a neat sketch. (i) Draw a neat sketch of a Volex boiler and discuss its merits and (8) demerits over Benson boiler.Neglect the pump work in both cases. (a) Give the layout of a diesel power plant showing clearly all the (8) components. Or (b) (i) Discussthe factors thosego in the favour of nuclearpowerplant as (8) comparedto other types of power plants. (8) P 1331 .5 bar va (b) N. If the expansion of the steam is allorved to continue in the lower part of the turbine with an isentropic reheating. Or with an isentropic effrciency of 80Vo. co m 12. reheater of 0. (a) Draw the layout of a coal based thermal power station of 200 MW (16) capacity showing all necessarycomponentsand its function. (8) Or (b) (i) Discuss the principle used in forced and induced draught.005 bar absolute. The M isentropic efficiency of the lower stage of the turbine is 857c.5 bar. Why balanced draught is preferred over forced or induced draught? (8) (ii) Explain the principle of operation of an ESP with a neat sketch. (ii) Steam at 100 bar and 500"C expands in the turbine upto 8. (8) Explain the advantages of pulverized coal burning. ww effrciency of 75Vo without 13.PARTB-(5x16=80marks) 11. (a) (i) (ii) Draw a neat line diagram of inplant coal handling and indicate the equipments used at different stages. find the thermal efficiency of (16) the cycle.

va aa na (a) Or Explain the principle of operation of a gas cooled reactor with a (8) neat sketch.L4. (i) With a neat sketch indicate the function of various parts of a (8) nuclear reactor.5 MW. N. energy supplied per year. reserye capacity over and (8) above peak load and hours per year not in service. The annual peak load on a 30 MW power station is 25 MW. M (i) w. (8) Or (b) (i) A central powerstationhas annualfactorsas follows: Load factor = 60Vo Capacity factor = 40Vo Use factor = 45Vo The power station has a maximum demand of 15000 kW. (ii) Discussthe variouslossesthoseare encountered in boilers. ( i i) Draw a schematic of a MHD generator and explain its working (8) principle. 5 MW and 4. (ii) What are the different components of a nuclear power plant? (8) Explain the working of a nuclear power plant. 8. co m (ii) P 133 1 .Find the average-load.5 I\{W. The power station supplies load having maximum demandsof 10 MW. (a) (i) Describe the automatic control of fuel and air supply systems in (8) boilers. diversity factor and (8) demand factor. Determine the annual energy production. The annual load factor is 457o. (b) ww 15.