VFD CALCULATORS for Fan & Pump Applications

1-800-962-3787

Special thanks to the Bonneville Power Adminstration for permitting us to distribute this tool to energy professionals worldwide, as well as Christopher B. Milan, PE, CEM Mechanical & Civil Engineer, B.P.A. for developing these calculators.
See the complete line of energy saving drives from Cerus by clicking on the photo below:

If you have any questions regarding these tools, please click to email Chris Milan at bpa.gov This, and other handy calculators can be found at http://www.cerusind.com/calculators.asp Click here for extensive analysis tools at DOE web site

Comparison of Inlet and Outlet Dampers

Page 2 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

Comparison of Inlet and Outlet Dampers

Page 3 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

Fan Drives Power Graphs

Eddy Current Drive Fan Flow Control
120.0
120.00

Adjustable Speed Drive Fan Flow Control

104.4

100.0

100.00
89.6

102.93

% of Design Input Power (kW)

% of Design Input Power (kW)

80.0
75.7

80.00

79.50

60.0
51.1

62.8

60.00

59.75

40.0
32.0 25.0

40.7

40.00 30.38 20.00 12.89 4.75 5.37 20 8.00 40 60 0.00 20.27

43.46

20.0

16.4

17.0

20.0

0.0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120

0

80

100

120

% of Design CFM

% of Design CFM or % of Full Speed RPM

The power curves above are used in the energy savings analysis. Curves developed from data obtained by measuring the operating characteristics of various fan systems and from information provided in "Flow Control", a Westinghouse publication, Bulletin B-851, F/86/Rev-CMS 8121. Curves are representative, not precise, final economic analysis should be based on actual power (kW) measurements of the fan system.

Page 4 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

ADJUSTABLE SPEED DRIVE ENERGY SAVINGS CALCULATOR ~ Fan Applications ~

Fan Motor Information Enter Nameplate Horsepower: Enter Nameplate Efficiency: Enter Motor Load at Fan Design CFM: Power(kW) at Fan Design CFM: 100.00 85.00 80.00 70.21
hp % % KW

www.cerusind.com
1-800-3543787

Facility Information Enter Hours per year fan operates: Enter Energy Charge: 80 0.05
hrs/yr $/kwh

Existing Flow Control Method and Fan Type
Select Flow Control and Fan Type Below

Click to go to the Fan Types worksheet for more information
1 1 Inlet Guide Vane, FC Fans 2 Inlet Guide Vane, BI & Airfoil Fans 3 Inlet Damper Box Power Analysis
Existing System ASD System Percent of Design (kW) for ASD System

4 Outlet Damper, FC Fans 5 Outlet Damper, BI & Airfoil Fans 6 Eddy Current Drives

7 Power (kW) readings to be used
in the analysis

Selection 7 allows Measured

Duty Cycle

Savings Analysis

Enter Enter Percent of Design Percent of Capacity (CFM) Time at this Existing System Do Not Enter Existing System Percent of Capacity Power (kW) Data Below Design (KW)

ASD System Power (kW)

Annual Energy Savings (Kwh/yr)

Annual Energy Cost Savings ($/yr)

0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 90.0% 100.0% Totals:

5.0% 5.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 100.0%

20.00 20.64 21.57 23.32 26.44 31.45 38.92 49.36 63.33 81.37 104.01

14.04 14.49 15.14 16.37 18.56 22.08 27.32 34.66 44.47 57.13 73.03 2,584.31 Kwh/yrexisting

5.90 4.75 5.37 8.00 12.89 20.27 30.38 43.46 59.75 79.50 102.93 2,066.29 Kwh/yrasd

4.14 3.33 3.77 5.62 9.05 14.23 21.33 30.51 41.95 55.82 72.27

39.60 44.64 90.99 86.03 76.09 62.84 47.97 33.18 20.13 10.52 6.04 518.03

$1.98 $2.23 $4.55 $4.30 $3.80 $3.14 $2.40 $1.66 $1.01 $0.53 $0.30 $25.90

Sample Duty Cycles (these can be used as a guide if the duty cycle is not known) Sample Duty Cycle - HIGH FAN LOADING Sample Duty Cycle - LOW FAN LOADING

70

60
60

Percent of Time at this Capacity

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 50 20

Percent of Time at this Capacity

55

50 40 30 20 10 0
30 50 70 15 5 90 25

20

75 Percent of Design Capacity (cfm)

90

Percent of Design Capacity (cfm)
Summary

Energy Savings: Cost Savings: Enter Materials Cost:

518.03 KWH/yr $25.90 $-

Enter Labor Cost: Total Cost: Simple Payback:

$years

This calculator was developed by Chris Milan at the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and is intended to be used as an estimation of potential energy savings and simple payback for ASD installations. Final economic decisions should be based upon more extensive analysis tools than what is provided here.

If you have any questions or comments, please email Chris Milan at the following: More extensive analysis tools are available at the following DOE web site: * This is an Excel 2000 file and is approximately 2.5 MB in size.

cbmilan@bpa.gov http://www.eere.energy.gov/industry

Page 5 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

Common Fan Types
(FC) Forward-Curved Fans (BI) Backward-Inclined Fans Radial-Blade Fans Axial Fans

Descriptions and Fan Efficiencies

The fan blades curve in the direction of rotation. These fans are typically not as large as other fan types and structurally are not very rugged. Fan efficiencies are in the range of 55 to 65%.

The fan blades tilt back, away from the direction of rotation. The main difference between fans in this category is the shape and construction of the blades. The Backward-Inclined Flat blades tend to be more rugged and allow some particulate to pass through but these blades are not very aerodynamic and therefore are the least efficient. The Backward-Inclined Curved blades are more efficient but their orientation with the air stream can allow moisture and particulate to collect on the blades which reduces fan performance and may cause excessive vibrations. The efficiency ranges from 75 to 85%. The Backward-Inclined Airfoil blade resembles the wing of an aircraft and is the most efficient fan type with efficiencies over 90%. The fan performance curve for Backward Inclined fans is similar to the forward curve but typically has a smaller dip in the static pressure curve. The major difference of the backward inclined fans is the characteristics of the BHP curve. The horsepower curve does not increase to a maximum amount at maximum flow rate but instead will reach a peak and then drop off as the flow rate continues to increase to it's maximum amount. This characteristic allows the designer to select a motor size for the worst case(design) conditions and if any errors or changes occur that would increase the flow requirements, the fan will not be overloaded. This is typically referred to as a "nonoverloading" power curve. As stated above, these fans are typically "non-overloading" and this characteristic makes them a popular choice for applications were the system performance is uncertain at maximum flow rates. The inside of these blades are usually hollow to reduce their weight but the build up of moisture and particulate can lead to cavities which reduces their efficiency. The narrow openings can limit the size of particulate in the air stream they can tolerate. These fans are a good choice for installations on the clean side of the process air stream for material and dust handling systems and for forced-draft fans in boilers.

These fans are typically the most rugged of all types and can range from Paddle-Wheel design to Flat Blades with corrosion resistance coatings. These fans usually operate at lower volumes but higher pressures than other fan types. The wide openings between the blades allow larger material to pass through and also minimizes vibrations when operating during conditions when the flow and pressure drops. The construction of these fans allows them to be modified to meet specific applications and to be repaired at minimum costs. Typical ranges of fan efficiencies for Flat Blades is 55 to 65% and 60 to 75% for the Radial Tip.

This fan group includes Propeller, Tubeaxial, and Vaneaxial fans. The fan blades are installed perpendicular to the air stream. The majority of these fans can be operated in reverse which allow them to supply or exhaust the air. Propeller fans generate high airflows but minimum pressure and are the least expensive and least efficient. To increase the pressure and efficiency these fans are placed inside a hollow tube to form the Tubeaxial fan. To further increase the efficiency and develop a more unified air stream, outlet vanes are installed to form the Vaneaxial fan.

Performance Characteristics

The typical performance curve for a Forward Curved fan contains a dip in the static pressure curve to the left of the point of maximum static pressure. This region of the performance curve indicates that the characteristics of the air flow through the fan was not consistent. As the flow increases, the static pressure increases and decreases within this region. It is not recommended to operate the fan within this unstable region of the fan curve due to the unpredictable flow characteristics. This area is sometimes referred to as the "stall" region.

The performance curve for fans with Radial Blade wheels is typically a smooth curve showing the pressure steadily dropping from a maximum at zero flow to a minimum pressure at full flow. This characteristic allows stable operation of the fan throughout a wide range of flow(cfm) by adjusting the pressure. The corresponding BHP curve increases at a linear rate as the fan flow rate increases. The Radial Tip fan performance curve is a blend of the Backward- Inclined and Radial Blade curves. The BHP curve increases to a maximum amount at maximum flow. The Radial Tip is more efficient than the Radial Blade and therefore requires less horsepower to produce the same output. These fans are the fans of choice for moving material or air in harsh operating environments. They are used to convey everything from air filled with particulate to wood chips, rock or metal scrap

The fan performance curve for this group of fans indicates that they are capable of providing high flow rates at lower pressures than other fan types. These fans will typically have a unique BHP curve that requires maximum power at zero flow rate. The horsepower and static pressure will increase and decrease as flow increases until finally reaching a minimum value at maximum flow rate. These variations in flow and pressure result in different flow rates at the same operating pressure, causing instability and control problems. Operating within this region should be avoided.

Due to the narrow openings between fan blades, these fans are not suited for airstreams containing particulate. These fans usually operate at low volumes and low speeds such as in residential HVAC units.

Applications

Propeller fans are common on cooling towers and inexpensive exhaust systems. Tubeaxial and Vaneaxial fans are used in HVAC exhaust applications were higher pressures and flow rates are required. All of these fans produce significant airflow noise when compared to other fans.

Reference: "Improving Fan System Performance" Industrial Technologies and Best Practices Web Site at: http://www.oit.doe.gov

Page 6 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

Inlet Vane Graphs

Inlet Guide Vane Control, Forward Curve Fans
120.0
104.0

power curve is over loading….go Inlet Guide Vane Control, 105% Airfoil Fans BI &

120.0
6

100.0

% of Design Input Power (kW)

80.0
63.3

81.4

100.0
% of Design Input Power (kW)
84.6 73.8 66.7 62.3

99.8

60.0
49.4

80.0

40.0
31.5 26.4 23.3

38.9

60.0
52.6 47.3

55.8

57.4

58.5

59.9

20.0

20.0

20.6

21.6

0.0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120

40.0

% of Design CFM

20.0

Inlet Damper Box, General Curve

120.0
106.7

0.0

0

20

40

60
% of Design CFM

80

100

120

100.0
91.9

% of Design Input Power (kW)

80.0
73.9

81.2 69.1

60.0
50.3

56.1

59.8

62.2

64.0

66.0

40.0 20.0 0.0

These power curves are used in the energy savings analysis. Curves developed from data obtained by measuring the operating characteristics of various fan systems and from information provided in "Flow Control", a Westinghouse publication, Bulletin B851, F/86/Rev-CMS 8121. Curves are representative, not precise. Final economic analysis should be based on actual power(kW) measurements of the fan system.
80 100 120

0

20

40

60
% of Design CFM

Page 7 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

Outlet Damper Graphs

Outlet Damper Control, Forward Curve Fans
120.0 120.0 110.0
105.9

Outlet Damper Control, Radial Blade, Backward Inclined & Airfoil Fans

105.2

100.0
90.6

100.0
96.3

102.1

90.0

88.7 80.2 71.5 63.6

% of Design Input Power (kW)

80.0

% of Design Input Power (kW)

76.9

80.0 70.0 60.0 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0
52.6 53.3

64.6

60.0
53.8 44.5

57.2

40.0
30.4 25.6

36.7

20.0

20.4

22.3

0.0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120

0.0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120

% of Design CFM

% of Design CFM

The power curves above are used in the energy savings analysis. Curves developed from data obtained by measuring the operating characteristics of various fan systems and from information provided in "Flow Control", a Westinghouse publication, Bulletin B-851, F/86/Rev-CMS 8121. Curves are representative, not precise, final economic analysis should be based on actual power(kW) measurements of the fan system.

Page 8 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

ADJUSTABLE SPEED DRIVE ENERGY SAVINGS CALCULATOR ~ Fan Applications ~
Motor Information Enter Nameplate Horsepower: Enter Nameplate Efficiency: Enter Motor Load at Fan Design CFM: Power(KW) at Fan Design CFM: 50.00 95.00 90.00 35.34
hp % % KW This Sample Input Sheet is for viewing purposes only. No values can be inputted or changed. It is included here to give the user an idea of what types of values can be entered into either the Fan Calculator or Pump Facility Information Calculator worksheets.

Enter Hours per year fan operates: Enter Energy Charge:

8760 0.05

hrs/yr $/kwh

Flow Control Method and Fan Type
Select Flow Control and Fan Type Below

Click to go to the Fan Types worksheet for more information
1 Inlet Guide Vane, FC Fans 2 Inlet Guide Vane, BI & Airfoil Fans 3 Inlet Damper, General Curve Power Analysis
Existing System Existing System Existing Percent of Do Not Enter System Power Design (KW) Data Below (KW) ASD System Percent of Design (KW) for ASD System Annual Energy Savings (Kwh/Yr) ASD System Power (KW) Annual Energy Cost Savings ($/yr)

5

4 Outlet Damper, FC Fans 5 Outlet Damper, BI & Airfoil Fans 6 Eddy Current Drives

7 Measured kW Savings Analysis

Duty Cycle
Enter Percent of Enter Percent Design of Time at this Capacity Capacity (CFM)

25.0% 50.0% 70.0% 90.0%

15.0% 55.0% 25.0% 5.0%

54.90 71.53 88.71 102.08

19.40 25.28 31.35 36.07

6.42 20.27 43.46 79.50

2.27 7.16 15.36 28.09

22,511.26 87,270.91 35,022.55 3,494.89 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 148,299.60

$1,125.56 $4,363.55 $1,751.13 $174.74

Totals:

100.0%

231,719.64 Kwh/yrexisting

83,420.05 Kwh/yrasd

$7,414.98

Sample Duty Cycles (use these as a guide if the duty cycle is not known) Sample Duty Cycle - HIGH FAN LOADING Sample Duty Cycle - LOW FAN LOADING

70

60
60

55

50 40 30 20 10 0 50 75 Percent of Design Capacity (cfm) 90
20 20

Percent of Time at this Capacity

Percent of Time at this Capacity

60

50 40 30 20 10 0 30 50 70 90 Percent of Design Capacity (cfm)

25

15

5

Summary Energy Savings: (Note 1) Cost Savings: Enter Materials Cost: 148,299.60 KWH/yr $7,414.98 $950.00 Enter Labor Cost: Total Cost: Simple Payback: $100,000.00 $100,950.00 13.61 years

This calculator was developed by Chris Milan at the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and is intended to be used as an indication of the potential energy savings and simple payback for ASD installations. If you have any questions or suggestions for improvements, please contact Chris Milan at cbmilan@bpa.gov. More extensive analysis tools are available at: http://www.eere.energy.gov/industry.

Page 9 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

[Revision No. 1]

TYPES OF AIRFLOW CONTROL

Inlet Guide Vanes and Inlet Dampers
Inlet Guide Vanes are installed across the opening of the fan inlet. By opening and closing, they vary the amount of air entering the fan and change the profile of the entering airstream. As the air passes through the vanes it begins to swirl in the same rotation as the fan impeller, this prespinning of the air reduces the momentum that the fan blades can impact on the entering air and therefore reduces the velocity and pressure of the discharged air. As the vanes continue to close, this swirling action increases and continues to decrease the pressure and flow the fan delivers to the system. The fan horsepower is proportional to the flow and pressure, therefore the horsepower requirement also decreases. Because the inlet vane opening affects all three of these fan characteristics, a new fan performance curve is created whenever the vane position is changed. Inlet control does not affect the system curve, as vane positions change the fan performance curve rides up and down the system curve.

Outlet Dampers
Outlet dampers do not change the characteristics of the entering airstream. Outlet dampers control flowrate by restricting the amount of air being discharged. This restriction allows the air flow rate to be varied the same way a discharge throttle valve adjusts the volume of flow out of a pump. The resistance of flow through the system increases as the flow(cfm) of air increases. This relationship is shown graphically by plotting the flow and corresponding resistance(pressure) to generate the system resistance curve. When the system curve and fan performance curve are shown on the same graph, the intersection of these two curves defines a unique point of operation. When the fan is installed in this particular system and operates at this flow rate, it will produce this pressure. The fan can only operate as shown by it's performance curve, for a given pressure it will provide a unique flow or vice versa.

Adjustable Speed-Drives
Adjustable Speed Drives(ASDs) control the flowrate by electronically adjusting the speed of the motor driving the fan or pump. Similar to Inlet Guide Vanes, as the speed is reduced, the flowrate, pressure and horsepower requirement is reduced which results in a new performance curve for each speed setting. With ASDs, as speed is reduced the horsepower requirement is decreased according to the affinity laws within a squared to cubic relationship depending upon the amount of static pressure and how the system responds to changes in flow and pressure. A system containing static head and in which small increases in flow result in large pressure drops will have a system curve that rises steeply. By plotting this system curve and a system curve that does not rise steeply onto the same fan or pump performance curves at various speeds, one can see the following relationship. That for the same reduction in flow rate, the system curve that rises steeply will require more speed reductions to obtain this reduced flow and therefore the greater the opportunity for energy savings.

Operating Characteristics

Inlet dampers can be oriented to provide the same affect as inlet guide vanes but usually are not as effective at inducing the appropriate swirl. The blades typically operate in parallel with each other. If the inlet dampers are installed too far from the fan inlet or are not oriented properly, they only serve to restrict the entering airflow.

With outlet damper control, any new operating point is achieved by adjusting the characteristics of the system curve, not the fan performance curve. For example, in order to reduce the fan flow rate, as the outlet dampers begin to close, the system's resistance(pressure) increases and shifts the system curve upward until it intersects the fan performance curve to define a new operating point of increased pressure and reduced flow.

In determining the appropriate application of an ASD, the entire system should be evaluated. For example, if the fan or pump and electric motor is oversized, further reductions in operating speed could result in significant reductions in motor efficiency as well as the efficiencies of the fan, pump. In some cases the motor can be re-sheaved to confirm energy savings and system response to reduced speeds prior to purchasing the drive.

Advantages/ Disadvantages

Inlet Dampers are usually a better choice of flow control than Outlet Dampers because when properly installed, they allow the fan horsepower to be reduced as the flow is reduced. Inlet Guide Vanes usually provide more accurate control of fan performance than Inlet Dampers. Inlet Guide Vanes are an efficient method for controlling flow rates down to approximately 70% of capacity. This would correspond to a vane position of approximately 50% closed. If the desired fan flow rate requires that the vanes be closed more than 50%, adjustable speed drives usually provide more efficient controllability by reducing the fan speed rather than continuing to restrict the fan inlet with the guide vanes.

Dampers are an efficient method of fully open/closed flow control such as exhaust air or outside air intakes. Outlet dampers are the least efficient method of variable flow control. In order for the fan to compensate for this increase in system pressure when the dampers begin to close, it has to move to the left up along the performance curve to the higher operating pressure. For the majority of fans, as you continue to restrict flow and increase pressure, the fan operates in the least efficient and unstable region of the fan performance curve. Operating at higher system pressures than necessary to reduce the flow rate not only wastes energy but increases the air leakage throughout the system. Depending upon the variation in flow rates required by the system, inlet guide vanes or adjustable speed drives may provide more energy efficient flow control.

ASDs are an excellent choice of flow control if the system allows the fan or pump to operate at reduced flow rates and loads for a significant portion of the operating time. The ASDs provide quick and accurate adjustments to flow rate and pressure as required to maintain set point. Another advantage of ASD control is their soft starting capabilities which reduces the high in-rush currents at start-up. Operating at reduced speeds can increase the equipment life, reduce vibrations and noise. For fan applications were the flow rate does not vary significantly, inlet guide vanes may be a better choice of control. ASDs are not 100% efficient, therefore operating the motor at full speed with the ASD will increase the input power due to the inefficiency of the drive. ASDs typically require that they be placed in a clean, conditioned environment which could result in high installation costs.

Reference: "Improving Fan System Performance" Industrial Technologies and Best Practices Web Site at: http://www.oit.doe.gov

Page 10 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

Pump Drives Power Graphs
Eddy Current Drive Pump Flow Control ASD Pump Flow Control

120.00 100.00
89.64 104.45

120.00 100.00 80.00 60.00 40.00
30.37 43.19 59.53 79.40 102.79

% of Design Input Power (kW)

80.00 60.00
51.06 62.77

75.69

40.00
32.01

40.75

20.00 0.00 0

25.03 16.40 17.04 19.98

% of Design Input Power (kW)

20.00 0.00

21.07 14.32 13.05 15.30

20

40

60

80

100

120

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

% of Design Flow (gpm) Mechanical Speed Pump Flow Control 120

% of Design Flow (gpm) or % of Full Speed(rpm)

% of Design Input Power (kW)

100
86.46

104.88 96.29

80 60
53.72 64.76

75.81

40
33.38

43.12

These power curves are used in the energy savings analysis. Curves developed from data obtained by measuring the operating characteristics of various pumps and from information provided in "Flow Control", a Westinghouse publication, Bulletin B-851, F/86/Rev-CMS 8121. Curves are representative, not precise, final economic analysis should be based on actual power(kW) measurements of the pumping system.

20
13.51

24.92 18.16

0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 % of Design Flow (gpm) Values used in spreadsheet

Page 11 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

ADJUSTABLE SPEED DRIVE ENERGY SAVINGS CALCULATOR
~ Pump Applications ~
Enter Nameplate Horsepower: Enter Nameplate Efficiency: Enter Motor Load at Pump Design GPM: Enter Power(KW) at Pump Design GPM: 100.00 95.00 55.00 43.19 hp % % KW Facility Information Enter Hours per year pump operates: Enter Energy Charge: 4000 0.05 hrs/yr $/kwh Existing Pump Flow Control Method Select Flow Control Method Below 1 1 Throttling Valve 2 Eddy Current Clutch 3 Mechanical (Torque Converter) Power Analysis Existing System Enter Percent Enter of Design Percent of Capacity Time at this (GPM) Capacity 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 90.0% 100.0% Totals: 5.0% 5.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 10.0% 100.0% Existing Existing System Do Not Enter System Power Percent of Data Below (kW) Design (KW) 55.21 61.39 67.19 72.61 77.65 82.31 86.59 90.49 94.01 97.15 99.91 23.85 26.52 29.02 31.36 33.54 35.55 37.40 39.08 40.60 41.96 43.15 142,738.45 Kwh/yr
existing

www.cerusind.com
1-800-3543787

Click to go to Pump Power Graphs for additional information

4 Bypass, Recirculation Valve 5 Selection 5 allows Measured Power (kW) readings to be used in

Duty Cycle

Savings Analy ASD System

Percent of Design (kW) for ASD System 27.45 19.12 14.32 13.05 15.30 21.07 30.37 43.19 59.53 79.40 102.79

ASD System Power (kW) 11.85 8.26 6.19 5.64 6.61 9.10 13.12 18.65 25.71 34.29 44.40 69,503.14 Kwh/yr
asd

Annual Energy Savings (Kwh/yr)

2,398.30 3,651.08 9,133.28 10,289.94 10,772.16 10,579.93 9,713.26 8,172.14 5,956.57 3,066.55 -497.91 73,235.31

Sample Duty Cycles (these can be used as a guide if the duty cycle is not known)
Sample Duty Cycle - HIGH PUMP LOADING Sample Duty Cycle - LOW PUMP LOADING

70 60 60

60
55

50

50 40 30 20 10 0
50 75 90

Percent of Time at this Capacity

Percent of Time at this Capacity

40 30
25

20

20

20
15

10 0
30 50 70

Percent of Design Capacity (gpm) Summary Energy Savings: Cost Savings: Materials Cost: 73,235.31 KWH/yr $3,661.77 $-

Percent of Design Capacity (gpm)

Labor Cost: Total Cost: Simple Payback:

$$-

This calculator was developed by Chris Milan at the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and is intended to be used as an estimation of potential energy s simple payback for ASD installations. Final economic decisions should be based upon more extensive analysis tools than what is provided here.

If you have any questions or comments, please email Chris Milan at the following:

cbmilan@bpa.gov

* This is an Excel 2000 file and is approximately 2.5 MB in size.

Page 12 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

ADJUSTABLE SPEED DRIVE ENERGY SAVINGS CALCULATOR
~ Pump Applications ~

ity Information

p Flow Control Method

k to go to Pump Power Graphs for additional information
Selection 5 allows Measured Power (kW) readings to be used in the analysis

Savings Analysis

Annual Energy Cost Savings ($/yr)

119.92 182.55 456.66 514.50 538.61 529.00 485.66 408.61 297.83 153.33 -24.90 $3,661.77

used as a guide if the duty cycle is not known)
Sample Duty Cycle - LOW PUMP LOADING

60
55

50

Percent of Time at this Capacity

40 30
25

20
15

10
5

0
30 50 70 90

Percent of Design Capacity (gpm)

Summary

years

ation (BPA) and is intended to be used as an estimation of potential energy savings and upon more extensive analysis tools than what is provided here.

cbmilan@bpa.gov

Page 13 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

Throttle Valve Power Graphs

Constant Recirculation, Bypass Control
105 125

Throttling Valve Flow Control

100

100
90 87 94

97

100

% of Design (kW)

% of Design (kW)

82

95

75
67

78 73

90

50

85

25

80

0
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

% of Design Flow (gpm)

% of Design Flow (gpm)

The power curves above are used in the energy savings analysis. Curves developed from data obtained by measuring the operating characteristics of various pumps and from information provided in "Flow Control", a Westinghouse publication, Bulliten B-851, F/86/RevCMS 8121. Curves are representative, not precise, final economic analysis should be based on actual power (kW) measurements of the pumping system.

Page 14 of 14

Bonneville Power Administration

Revision No. 1

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