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VFD CALCULATORS

for Fan & Pump Applications


1-800-962-3787

Special thanks to the Bonneville Power Adminstration for permitting us to distribute this tool to energy professionals worldwide,
as well as Christopher B. Milan, PE, CEM Mechanical & Civil Engineer, B.P.A. for developing these calculators.

See the complete line of energy saving drives from Cerus by clicking on the photo below:

If you have any questions regarding these tools, please click to email Chris Milan at bpa.gov
This, and other handy calculators can be found at http://www.cerusind.com/calculators.asp
Click here for extensive analysis tools at DOE web site
Comparison of Inlet and Outlet Dampers

Page 2 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1


Comparison of Inlet and Outlet Dampers

Page 3 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1


Fan Drives Power Graphs

Eddy Current Drive Fan Flow Control Adjustable Speed Drive Fan Flow Control
120.0 120.00

104.4
102.93
100.0 100.00

% of Design Input Power (kW)


% of Design Input Power (kW)

89.6

80.0 80.00 79.50


75.7

62.8
60.0 60.00 59.75

51.1

43.46
40.0 40.7 40.00
32.0
30.38
25.0
20.0 20.0 20.00 20.27
16.4 17.0
12.89
8.00
4.75 5.37
0.0 0.00
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 20 40 60 80 100 120

% of Design CFM % of Design CFM or % of Full Speed RPM

The power curves above are used in the energy savings analysis. Curves developed from data obtained by measuring the operating characteristics of various fan systems and from
information provided in "Flow Control", a Westinghouse publication, Bulletin B-851, F/86/Rev-CMS 8121. Curves are representative, not precise,
final economic analysis should be based on actual power (kW) measurements of the fan system.

Page 4 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1


ADJUSTABLE SPEED DRIVE ENERGY SAVINGS CALCULATOR
~ Fan Applications ~

Fan Motor Information

Enter Nameplate Horsepower: 100.00 hp


Enter Nameplate Efficiency: 85.00 % www.cerusind.com
Enter Motor Load at Fan Design CFM: 80.00 % 1-800-3543787
Power(kW) at Fan Design CFM: 70.21 KW

Facility Information

Enter Hours per year fan operates: 80 hrs/yr


Enter Energy Charge: 0.05 $/kwh

Existing Flow Control Method and Fan Type


Select Flow Control and
Fan Type Below Click to go to the Fan Types worksheet for more information
Selection 7 allows Measured
1 Inlet Guide Vane, FC Fans 4 Outlet Damper, FC Fans 7 Power (kW) readings to be used
1 2 Inlet Guide Vane, BI & Airfoil Fans 5 Outlet Damper, BI & Airfoil Fans in the analysis
3 Inlet Damper Box 6 Eddy Current Drives

Duty Cycle Power Analysis Savings Analysis

Existing System ASD System

Enter
Enter Percent of Design Percent of Percent of Annual Energy Savings Annual Energy Cost
Capacity (CFM) Time at this Existing System Do Not Enter Existing System Design (kW) (Kwh/yr) Savings ($/yr)
Capacity Percent of ASD System Power (kW)
Design (KW) Data Below Power (kW) for ASD
System

0.0% 5.0% 20.00 14.04 5.90 4.14 39.60 $1.98


10.0% 5.0% 20.64 14.49 4.75 3.33 44.64 $2.23
20.0% 10.0% 21.57 15.14 5.37 3.77 90.99 $4.55
30.0% 10.0% 23.32 16.37 8.00 5.62 86.03 $4.30
40.0% 10.0% 26.44 18.56 12.89 9.05 76.09 $3.80
50.0% 10.0% 31.45 22.08 20.27 14.23 62.84 $3.14
60.0% 10.0% 38.92 27.32 30.38 21.33 47.97 $2.40
70.0% 10.0% 49.36 34.66 43.46 30.51 33.18 $1.66
80.0% 10.0% 63.33 44.47 59.75 41.95 20.13 $1.01
90.0% 10.0% 81.37 57.13 79.50 55.82 10.52 $0.53
100.0% 10.0% 104.01 73.03 102.93 72.27 6.04 $0.30
Totals: 100.0% 2,584.31 Kwh/yrexisting 2,066.29 Kwh/yrasd 518.03 $25.90

Sample Duty Cycles (these can be used as a guide if the duty cycle is not known)
Sample Duty Cycle - HIGH FAN LOADING Sample Duty Cycle - LOW FAN LOADING

70 60 55
Percent of Time at this Capacity

60
60
50
Percent of Time at this Capacity

50
40
40
30 25
30
20 20 20 15
20

10
10 5

0 0
50 75 90 30 50 70 90
Percent of Design Capacity (cfm) Percent of Design Capacity (cfm)

Summary

Energy Savings: 518.03 KWH/yr Enter Labor Cost:


Cost Savings: $25.90 Total Cost: $-
Enter Materials Cost: $- Simple Payback: years

This calculator was developed by Chris Milan at the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and is intended to be used as an estimation of potential energy savings and simple
payback for ASD installations. Final economic decisions should be based upon more extensive analysis tools than what is provided here.

If you have any questions or comments, please email Chris Milan at the following: cbmilan@bpa.gov
More extensive analysis tools are available at the following DOE web site: http://www.eere.energy.gov/industry
* This is an Excel 2000 file and is approximately 2.5 MB in size.

Page 5 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1


Common Fan Types

(FC) Forward-Curved Fans (BI) Backward-Inclined Fans Radial-Blade Fans Axial Fans

The fan blades curve in the direction of The fan blades tilt back, away from the These fans are typically the most rugged of This fan group includes Propeller, Tubeaxial,
Descriptions and Fan Efficiencies

rotation. These fans are typically not as direction of rotation. The main difference all types and can range from Paddle-Wheel and Vaneaxial fans. The fan blades are
large as other fan types and structurally are between fans in this category is the shape design to Flat Blades with corrosion installed perpendicular to the air stream. The
not very rugged. Fan efficiencies are in the and construction of the blades. The resistance coatings. These fans usually majority of these fans can be operated in
range of 55 to 65%. Backward-Inclined Flat blades tend to be operate at lower volumes but higher reverse which allow them to supply or
more rugged and allow some particulate to pressures than other fan types. The wide exhaust the air. Propeller fans generate high
pass through but these blades are not very openings between the blades allow larger airflows but minimum pressure and are the
aerodynamic and therefore are the least material to pass through and also minimizes least expensive and least efficient. To
efficient. The Backward-Inclined Curved vibrations when operating during conditions increase the pressure and efficiency these
blades are more efficient but their when the flow and pressure drops. The fans are placed inside a hollow tube to form
orientation with the air stream can allow construction of these fans allows them to be the Tubeaxial fan. To further increase the
moisture and particulate to collect on the modified to meet specific applications and to efficiency and develop a more unified air
blades which reduces fan performance and be repaired at minimum costs. Typical ranges stream, outlet vanes are installed to form the
may cause excessive vibrations. The of fan efficiencies for Flat Blades is 55 to 65% Vaneaxial fan.
efficiency ranges from 75 to 85%. The and 60 to 75% for the Radial Tip.
Backward-Inclined Airfoil blade resembles
the wing of an aircraft and is the most
efficient fan type with efficiencies over 90%.
The typical performance curve for a Forward The fan performance curve for Backward The performance curve for fans with Radial The fan performance curve for this group of
Curved fan contains a dip in the static Inclined fans is similar to the forward curve Blade wheels is typically a smooth curve fans indicates that they are capable of
Performance Characteristics

pressure curve to the left of the point of but typically has a smaller dip in the static showing the pressure steadily dropping from providing high flow rates at lower pressures
maximum static pressure. This region of the pressure curve. The major difference of the a maximum at zero flow to a minimum than other fan types. These fans will
performance curve indicates that the backward inclined fans is the characteristics pressure at full flow. This characteristic typically have a unique BHP curve that
characteristics of the air flow through the fan of the BHP curve. The horsepower curve allows stable operation of the fan throughout requires maximum power at zero flow rate.
was not consistent. As the flow increases, does not increase to a maximum amount at a wide range of flow(cfm) by adjusting the The horsepower and static pressure will
the static pressure increases and decreases maximum flow rate but instead will reach a pressure. The corresponding BHP curve increase and decrease as flow increases until
within this region. It is not recommended to peak and then drop off as the flow rate increases at a linear rate as the fan flow rate finally reaching a minimum value at
operate the fan within this unstable region of continues to increase to it's maximum increases. The Radial Tip fan performance maximum flow rate. These variations in flow
the fan curve due to the unpredictable flow amount. This characteristic allows the curve is a blend of the Backward- Inclined and pressure result in different flow rates at
characteristics. This area is sometimes designer to select a motor size for the worst and Radial Blade curves. The BHP curve the same operating pressure, causing
referred to as the "stall" region. case(design) conditions and if any errors or increases to a maximum amount at instability and control problems. Operating
changes occur that would increase the flow maximum flow. The Radial Tip is more within this region should be avoided.
requirements, the fan will not be overloaded. efficient than the Radial Blade and therefore
This is typically referred to as a "non- requires less horsepower to produce the
overloading" power curve. same output.

Due to the narrow openings between fan As stated above, these fans are typically These fans are the fans of choice for moving Propeller fans are common on cooling towers
blades, these fans are not suited for "non-overloading" and this characteristic material or air in harsh operating and inexpensive exhaust systems. Tubeaxial
airstreams containing particulate. These makes them a popular choice for environments. They are used to convey and Vaneaxial fans are used in HVAC exhaust
fans usually operate at low volumes and low applications were the system performance is everything from air filled with particulate to applications were higher pressures and flow
speeds such as in residential HVAC units. uncertain at maximum flow rates. The inside wood chips, rock or metal scrap rates are required. All of these fans produce
of these blades are usually hollow to reduce significant airflow noise when compared to
Applications

their weight but the build up of moisture and other fans.


particulate can lead to cavities which
reduces their efficiency. The narrow
openings can limit the size of particulate in
the air stream they can tolerate. These fans
are a good choice for installations on the
clean side of the process air stream for
material and dust handling systems and for
forced-draft fans in boilers.

Reference: "Improving Fan System Performance" Industrial Technologies and Best Practices Web Site at: http://www.oit.doe.gov

Page 6 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1


Inlet Vane Graphs

Inlet Guide Vane Control, Forward Curve Fans power curve is over loading….go 105%
Inlet Guide Vane Control, BI & Airfoil Fans
120.0
120.0
104.0

100.0
6
100.0 99.8
% of Design Input Power (kW)

80.0 81.4

84.6

% of Design Input Power (kW)


63.3
60.0 80.0
49.4 73.8

40.0 38.9
66.7
62.3
31.5
60.0 57.4 58.5 59.9
23.3
26.4
55.8
20.0 20.0 20.6 21.6 52.6
47.3

40.0
0.0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120
% of Design CFM
20.0
Inlet Damper Box, General Curve
120.0 0.0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120
106.7
% of Design CFM
100.0
91.9
% of Design Input Power (kW)

80.0 81.2
73.9
69.1
62.2 64.0
66.0
These power curves are used in the energy savings analysis.
60.0 59.8
56.1 Curves developed from data obtained by measuring the operating
50.3
characteristics of various fan systems and from information
40.0 provided in "Flow Control", a Westinghouse publication, Bulletin B-
851, F/86/Rev-CMS 8121. Curves are representative, not precise.
Final economic analysis should be based on actual power(kW)
20.0
measurements of the fan system.

0.0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120
% of Design CFM

Page 7 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1


Outlet Damper Graphs

Outlet Damper Control, Outlet Damper Control, Radial Blade,


Forward Curve Fans Backward Inclined & Airfoil Fans
120.0 120.0

110.0
105.9 105.2
102.1
100.0 100.0
96.3

90.6 90.0 88.7


% of Design Input Power (kW)

% of Design Input Power (kW)


80.0 80.0 80.2
76.9
71.5
70.0
64.6 63.6
60.0 60.0
57.2
53.8 52.6 53.3
50.0
44.5
40.0 40.0
36.7

30.4 30.0
25.6
22.3
20.0 20.4 20.0

10.0

0.0 0.0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 20 40 60 80 100 120

% of Design CFM % of Design CFM

The power curves above are used in the energy savings analysis. Curves developed from data obtained by measuring the operating characteristics of
various fan systems and from information provided in "Flow Control", a Westinghouse publication, Bulletin B-851, F/86/Rev-CMS 8121. Curves are
representative, not precise, final economic analysis should be based on actual power(kW) measurements of the fan system.

Page 8 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1


ADJUSTABLE SPEED DRIVE ENERGY SAVINGS CALCULATOR
~ Fan Applications ~
Motor Information

Enter Nameplate Horsepower: 50.00 hp


Enter Nameplate Efficiency: 95.00 % This Sample Input Sheet is for viewing
Enter Motor Load at Fan Design CFM: 90.00 % purposes only. No values can be inputted or
changed. It is included here to give the user
Power(KW) at Fan Design CFM: 35.34 KW
an idea of what types of values can be
entered into either the Fan Calculator or
Facility InformationPump Calculator worksheets.

Enter Hours per year fan operates: 8760 hrs/yr


Enter Energy Charge: 0.05 $/kwh

Flow Control Method and Fan Type


Select Flow Control and
Fan Type Below Click to go to the Fan Types worksheet for more information
1 Inlet Guide Vane, FC Fans 4 Outlet Damper, FC Fans
5 2 Inlet Guide Vane, BI & Airfoil Fans 5 Outlet Damper, BI & Airfoil Fans
3 Inlet Damper, General Curve 6 Eddy Current Drives 7 Measured kW

Duty Cycle Power Analysis Savings Analysis

Existing System ASD System


Enter
Percent of Enter Percent
Annual Energy Annual Energy Cost
Design of Time at this Existing Percent of Savings (Kwh/Yr) Savings ($/yr)
Capacity Capacity System Existing Design (KW)
(CFM) Percent of Do Not Enter System Power for ASD
Design (KW) Data Below (KW) System ASD System Power (KW)
25.0% 15.0% 54.90 19.40 6.42 2.27 22,511.26 $1,125.56
50.0% 55.0% 71.53 25.28 20.27 7.16 87,270.91 $4,363.55
70.0% 25.0% 88.71 31.35 43.46 15.36 35,022.55 $1,751.13
90.0% 5.0% 102.08 36.07 79.50 28.09 3,494.89 $174.74
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Totals: 100.0% 231,719.64 Kwh/yrexisting 83,420.05 Kwh/yrasd 148,299.60 $7,414.98

Sample Duty Cycles (use these as a guide if the duty cycle is not known)
Sample Duty Cycle - HIGH FAN LOADING Sample Duty Cycle - LOW FAN LOADING

70 60
55
60
60 50
Percent of Time at this Capacity
Percent of Time at this Capacity

50
40
40
30
25
30
20 20 20
20 15

10 10
5

0 0
50 75 90 30 50 70 90
Percent of Design Capacity (cfm) Percent of Design Capacity (cfm)

Summary

Energy Savings: (Note 1) 148,299.60 KWH/yr Enter Labor Cost: $100,000.00


Cost Savings: $7,414.98 Total Cost: $100,950.00
Enter Materials Cost: $950.00 Simple Payback: 13.61 years

This calculator was developed by Chris Milan at the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and is intended to be used as an indication of the potential energy savings
and simple payback for ASD installations. If you have any questions or suggestions for improvements, please contact Chris Milan at cbmilan@bpa.gov. More
extensive analysis tools are available at: http://www.eere.energy.gov/industry.

Page 9 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration [Revision No. 1]


TYPES OF AIRFLOW CONTROL

Inlet Guide Vanes and Outlet Adjustable


Inlet Dampers Dampers Speed-Drives

Inlet Guide Vanes are installed across the opening of the fan Outlet dampers do not change the characteristics of the Adjustable Speed Drives(ASDs) control the flowrate by
inlet. By opening and closing, they vary the amount of air entering airstream. Outlet dampers control flowrate by electronically adjusting the speed of the motor driving the fan
entering the fan and change the profile of the entering restricting the amount of air being discharged. This or pump. Similar to Inlet Guide Vanes, as the speed is
airstream. As the air passes through the vanes it begins to restriction allows the air flow rate to be varied the same way reduced, the flowrate, pressure and horsepower requirement
swirl in the same rotation as the fan impeller, this pre- a discharge throttle valve adjusts the volume of flow out of a is reduced which results in a new performance curve for each
spinning of the air reduces the momentum that the fan pump. The resistance of flow through the system increases speed setting. With ASDs, as speed is reduced the
blades can impact on the entering air and therefore reduces as the flow(cfm) of air increases. This relationship is shown horsepower requirement is decreased according to the affinity
the velocity and pressure of the discharged air. As the vanes graphically by plotting the flow and corresponding laws within a squared to cubic relationship depending upon
continue to close, this swirling action increases and resistance(pressure) to generate the system resistance the amount of static pressure and how the system responds
continues to decrease the pressure and flow the fan delivers curve. When the system curve and fan performance curve to changes in flow and pressure. A system containing static
to the system. The fan horsepower is proportional to the are shown on the same graph, the intersection of these two head and in which small increases in flow result in large
flow and pressure, therefore the horsepower requirement curves defines a unique point of operation. When the fan is pressure drops will have a system curve that rises steeply. By
also decreases. Because the inlet vane opening affects all installed in this particular system and operates at this flow plotting this system curve and a system curve that does not
three of these fan characteristics, a new fan performance rate, it will produce this pressure. The fan can only operate rise steeply onto the same fan or pump performance curves
Characteristics

curve is created whenever the vane position is changed. as shown by it's performance curve, for a given pressure it at various speeds, one can see the following relationship.
Operating

Inlet control does not affect the system curve, as vane will provide a unique flow or vice versa. That for the same reduction in flow rate, the system curve
positions change the fan performance curve rides up and that rises steeply will require more speed reductions to obtain
down the system curve. this reduced flow and therefore the greater the opportunity
for energy savings.

Inlet dampers can be oriented to provide the same affect as With outlet damper control, any new operating point is In determining the appropriate application of an ASD, the
inlet guide vanes but usually are not as effective at inducing achieved by adjusting the characteristics of the system entire system should be evaluated. For example, if the fan or
the appropriate swirl. The blades typically operate in parallel curve, not the fan performance curve. For example, in order pump and electric motor is oversized, further reductions in
with each other. If the inlet dampers are installed too far to reduce the fan flow rate, as the outlet dampers begin to operating speed could result in significant reductions in motor
from the fan inlet or are not oriented properly, they only close, the system's resistance(pressure) increases and shifts efficiency as well as the efficiencies of the fan, pump. In
serve to restrict the entering airflow. the system curve upward until it intersects the fan some cases the motor can be re-sheaved to confirm energy
performance curve to define a new operating point of savings and system response to reduced speeds prior to
increased pressure and reduced flow. purchasing the drive.

Inlet Dampers are usually a better choice of flow control than Dampers are an efficient method of fully open/closed flow ASDs are an excellent choice of flow control if the system
Outlet Dampers because when properly installed, they allow control such as exhaust air or outside air intakes. Outlet allows the fan or pump to operate at reduced flow rates and
the fan horsepower to be reduced as the flow is reduced. dampers are the least efficient method of variable flow loads for a significant portion of the operating time. The ASDs
Inlet Guide Vanes usually provide more accurate control of control. In order for the fan to compensate for this increase provide quick and accurate adjustments to flow rate and
fan performance than Inlet Dampers. Inlet Guide Vanes are in system pressure when the dampers begin to close, it has pressure as required to maintain set point. Another
an efficient method for controlling flow rates down to to move to the left up along the performance curve to the advantage of ASD control is their soft starting capabilities
approximately 70% of capacity. This would correspond to a higher operating pressure. For the majority of fans, as you which reduces the high in-rush currents at start-up. Operating
Disadvantages
Advantages/

vane position of approximately 50% closed. If the desired continue to restrict flow and increase pressure, the fan at reduced speeds can increase the equipment life, reduce
fan flow rate requires that the vanes be closed more than operates in the least efficient and unstable region of the fan vibrations and noise. For fan applications were the flow rate
50%, adjustable speed drives usually provide more efficient performance curve. Operating at higher system pressures does not vary significantly, inlet guide vanes may be a better
controllability by reducing the fan speed rather than than necessary to reduce the flow rate not only wastes choice of control. ASDs are not 100% efficient, therefore
continuing to restrict the fan inlet with the guide vanes. energy but increases the air leakage throughout the system. operating the motor at full speed with the ASD will increase
Depending upon the variation in flow rates required by the the input power due to the inefficiency of the drive. ASDs
system, inlet guide vanes or adjustable speed drives may typically require that they be placed in a clean, conditioned
provide more energy efficient flow control. environment which could result in high installation costs.

Reference: "Improving Fan System Performance" Industrial Technologies and Best Practices Web Site at: http://www.oit.doe.gov

Page 10 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1


Pump Drives Power Graphs

Eddy Current Drive Pump Flow Control ASD Pump Flow Control
120.00 120.00

104.45 102.79
100.00 100.00
% of Design Input Power (kW)

% of Design Input Power (kW)


89.64

80.00 80.00 79.40


75.69

62.77
60.00 60.00 59.53
51.06
43.19
40.00 40.75 40.00
32.01 30.37
25.03
20.00 19.98 20.00 21.07
16.40 17.04 15.30
14.32 13.05

0.00 0.00
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110
% of Design Flow (gpm) % of Design Flow (gpm) or % of Full Speed(rpm)

Mechanical Speed Pump Flow Control


120

104.88
100
% of Design Input Power (kW)

96.29
These power curves are used in the energy savings analysis.
86.46
Curves developed from data obtained by measuring the operating
80
75.81 characteristics of various pumps and from information provided in
64.76 "Flow Control", a Westinghouse publication, Bulletin B-851,
60 F/86/Rev-CMS 8121. Curves are representative, not precise, final
53.72
economic analysis should be based on actual power(kW)
43.12
40 measurements of the pumping system.
33.38
24.92
20 18.16
13.51

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120
% of Design Flow (gpm)
Values used in spreadsheet

Page 11 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1


ADJUSTABLE SPEED DRIVE ENERGY SAVINGS CALCULATOR
~ Pump Applications ~

Enter Nameplate Horsepower: 100.00 hp


Enter Nameplate Efficiency: 95.00 % www.cerusind.com
Enter Motor Load at Pump Design GPM: 55.00 % 1-800-3543787
Enter Power(KW) at Pump Design GPM: 43.19 KW

Facility Information

Enter Hours per year pump operates: 4000 hrs/yr


Enter Energy Charge: 0.05 $/kwh

Existing Pump Flow Control Method


Select Flow Control
Method Below Click to go to Pump Power Graphs for additional information
1 Throttling Valve 4 Bypass, Recirculation Valve
1 2 Eddy Current Clutch 5 Selection 5 allows Measured Power (kW) readings to be used in
3 Mechanical (Torque Converter)

Duty Cycle Power Analysis Savings Analy

Existing System ASD System


Enter Percent Enter
of Design Percent of Existing Percent of Annual Energy Savings
Capacity Time at this Existing (Kwh/yr)
System Do Not Enter Design (kW) ASD System Power
(GPM) Capacity System Power
Percent of Data Below for ASD (kW)
(kW)
Design (KW) System

0.0% 5.0% 55.21 23.85 27.45 11.85 2,398.30


10.0% 5.0% 61.39 26.52 19.12 8.26 3,651.08
20.0% 10.0% 67.19 29.02 14.32 6.19 9,133.28
30.0% 10.0% 72.61 31.36 13.05 5.64 10,289.94
40.0% 10.0% 77.65 33.54 15.30 6.61 10,772.16
50.0% 10.0% 82.31 35.55 21.07 9.10 10,579.93
60.0% 10.0% 86.59 37.40 30.37 13.12 9,713.26
70.0% 10.0% 90.49 39.08 43.19 18.65 8,172.14
80.0% 10.0% 94.01 40.60 59.53 25.71 5,956.57
90.0% 10.0% 97.15 41.96 79.40 34.29 3,066.55
100.0% 10.0% 99.91 43.15 102.79 44.40 -497.91
Totals: 100.0% 142,738.45 Kwh/yr existing 69,503.14 Kwh/yr asd 73,235.31

Sample Duty Cycles (these can be used as a guide if the duty cycle is not known)
Sample Duty Cycle - HIGH PUMP LOADING Sample Duty Cycle - LOW PUMP LOADING

70 60
55
60
60
50
Percent of Time at this Capacity
Percent of Time at this Capacity

50
40

40
30
25
30

20 20 20
20 15

10
10

0 0
50 75 90 30 50 70
Percent of Design Capacity (gpm) Percent of Design Capacity (gpm)
Summary

Energy Savings: 73,235.31 KWH/yr Labor Cost: $-


Cost Savings: $3,661.77 Total Cost: $-
Materials Cost: $- Simple Payback:

This calculator was developed by Chris Milan at the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and is intended to be used as an estimation of potential energy s
simple payback for ASD installations. Final economic decisions should be based upon more extensive analysis tools than what is provided here.

If you have any questions or comments, please email Chris Milan at the following: cbmilan@bpa.gov

* This is an Excel 2000 file and is approximately 2.5 MB in size.

Page 12 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1


ADJUSTABLE SPEED DRIVE ENERGY SAVINGS CALCULATOR
~ Pump Applications ~

ity Information

p Flow Control Method

k to go to Pump Power Graphs for additional information

Selection 5 allows Measured Power (kW) readings to be used in the analysis

Savings Analysis

Annual Energy Cost


Savings ($/yr)

119.92
182.55
456.66
514.50
538.61
529.00
485.66
408.61
297.83
153.33
-24.90
$3,661.77

used as a guide if the duty cycle is not known)


Sample Duty Cycle - LOW PUMP LOADING

60
55

50
Percent of Time at this Capacity

40

30
25

20
15

10
5

0
30 50 70 90
Percent of Design Capacity (gpm)
Summary

years

ation (BPA) and is intended to be used as an estimation of potential energy savings and
upon more extensive analysis tools than what is provided here.

cbmilan@bpa.gov

Page 13 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1


Throttle Valve Power Graphs

Constant Recirculation, Bypass Control Throttling Valve Flow Control


105 125

100 100 100


97
94
90
87
82

% of Design (kW)
% of Design (kW)

78
95 75 73
67

90 50

85 25

80 0
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110

% of Design Flow (gpm) % of Design Flow (gpm)

The power curves above are used in the energy savings analysis. Curves developed from data obtained by measuring the operating
characteristics of various pumps and from information provided in "Flow Control", a Westinghouse publication, Bulliten B-851, F/86/Rev-
CMS 8121. Curves are representative, not precise, final economic analysis should be based on actual power (kW) measurements of the
pumping system.

Page 14 of 14 Bonneville Power Administration Revision No. 1