You are on page 1of 2

Code No: 52105/MT

NR
M.Tech. – I Semester Supplementary Examinations,
September, 2008

DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS


(Common to Power Electronics & Electric Drives/
Power & Industrial Drives)

Time: 3hours Max. Marks:60

Answer any FIVE questions


All questions carry equal marks
---
1.a) Obtain the pulse transfer function of a zero-order hold.
b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of discrete data
system over linear data system?
c) Solve the following difference equation:
X ( K + 2) − X ( K + 1) + 0.25 X ( K ) = u ( K + 2)
Where X(0)=1 and X(1)=2; The input function u(k) is given by
u(k)=1, if k=0, 1, 2, ………..

2.a) Derive the state transition equations of digital systems.


b) Given the following state model of the system
0 1 0  1 0
X ( K + 1) =  0 0 1  X ( K ) +  0 1  u ( K )
 
 −2 −4 −3  −1 1 
0 1 −1
Y (K ) =   X (K )
1 2 1 
Obtain the state transition matrix.

3.a) Consider the sampled data system shown in figure 3a and assume
its sampling period is 0.4 sec.

Contd….2
Code No: 52105/MT ::2::

Find the range of K, so that the closed loop system for which
stable.

b) State the Liapunov theorem on stability and on asymptotic


stability.

4. Consider the digital control system whose transfer function is given


0.0952 KZ
by GH ( z ) = . Draw the Nyquist plot and determine
( Z − 1) ( Z − 0.905)
its stability.

5.a) Derive the necessary condition for the digital control system
X(K+1) = AX(K)+Bu(K)
C(k) = DX(K) to be observable.
b) Examine whether the discrete data system
0 1 1
X(K+1) =   X(K)+   u(K)
 −2 −2   −1
Y(K) = [1 0] X(K)
Is (i) state controllable (ii) output controllable and (iii) observable.

6. Consider the digital control system which has the controlled


process described by
0.0125( Z + 0.195) ( Z + 2.821)
GP ( Z ) =
Z ( Z − 1) ( Z − 0.368) ( Z − 0.8187)
Design a dead beat response controller so that the output
sequence C (KT) will follow a unit step input in minimum time.

7.a) Draw the block diagram representation of a full order observer.


Write the state equation for the closed loop observer.
b) Explain the various steps involved in design of reduced state
observer.

8.a) Write short notes on discrete maximum principle.


b) Consider the digital control system: x( K + 1) = Ax( K ) + Bu ( K )
 0 1 0 1
Where A =   ; B = 1  X (0) = 1
 −1 1   
Find the optimal control sequence u(0), u(1) and u(2) so that the
1 1 2
performance index J 3 = x12 (3) + ∑ [ x12 ( K ) + u 2 ( K )]
2 2 K =0
x1 (0) = x2 (0) = 0 is minimized. The end condition is x1 (3) = free and
x2 (3) = 0.

******