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# Code No: 52105/MT

NR
M.Tech. – I Semester Supplementary Examinations,
September, 2008

## DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS

(Common to Power Electronics & Electric Drives/
Power & Industrial Drives)

## Answer any FIVE questions

All questions carry equal marks
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1.a) Obtain the pulse transfer function of a zero-order hold.
b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of discrete data
system over linear data system?
c) Solve the following difference equation:
X ( K + 2) − X ( K + 1) + 0.25 X ( K ) = u ( K + 2)
Where X(0)=1 and X(1)=2; The input function u(k) is given by
u(k)=1, if k=0, 1, 2, ………..

## 2.a) Derive the state transition equations of digital systems.

b) Given the following state model of the system
0 1 0  1 0
X ( K + 1) =  0 0 1  X ( K ) +  0 1  u ( K )
 
 −2 −4 −3  −1 1 
0 1 −1
Y (K ) =   X (K )
1 2 1 
Obtain the state transition matrix.

3.a) Consider the sampled data system shown in figure 3a and assume
its sampling period is 0.4 sec.

Contd….2
Code No: 52105/MT ::2::

Find the range of K, so that the closed loop system for which
stable.

stability.

## 4. Consider the digital control system whose transfer function is given

0.0952 KZ
by GH ( z ) = . Draw the Nyquist plot and determine
( Z − 1) ( Z − 0.905)
its stability.

5.a) Derive the necessary condition for the digital control system
X(K+1) = AX(K)+Bu(K)
C(k) = DX(K) to be observable.
b) Examine whether the discrete data system
0 1 1
X(K+1) =   X(K)+   u(K)
 −2 −2   −1
Y(K) = [1 0] X(K)
Is (i) state controllable (ii) output controllable and (iii) observable.

## 6. Consider the digital control system which has the controlled

process described by
0.0125( Z + 0.195) ( Z + 2.821)
GP ( Z ) =
Z ( Z − 1) ( Z − 0.368) ( Z − 0.8187)
Design a dead beat response controller so that the output
sequence C (KT) will follow a unit step input in minimum time.

## 7.a) Draw the block diagram representation of a full order observer.

Write the state equation for the closed loop observer.
b) Explain the various steps involved in design of reduced state
observer.

## 8.a) Write short notes on discrete maximum principle.

b) Consider the digital control system: x( K + 1) = Ax( K ) + Bu ( K )
 0 1 0 1
Where A =   ; B = 1  X (0) = 1
 −1 1   
Find the optimal control sequence u(0), u(1) and u(2) so that the
1 1 2
performance index J 3 = x12 (3) + ∑ [ x12 ( K ) + u 2 ( K )]
2 2 K =0
x1 (0) = x2 (0) = 0 is minimized. The end condition is x1 (3) = free and
x2 (3) = 0.

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