ENGLISH FORM THREE : WRITING MODULE

Exercise 1(Informal letter)

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Based on the notes given, write a letter to your friend to share the ideas with him.

HOW TO PREPARE FOR EXAMS
Study much earlier before a test. Never do last minute cramming. Stick to a revision timetable. This is to make sure you revise all the topics. Go over past years’ question papers. Sleep early the night before an exam. You need to feel fresh the nest morning. Arrive a little earlier at the place of the exam. Try not to talk about the exam with your classmates just before sitting for it. Ask for help from the invigilators if you face any problems. Read through the questions and plan how you are going to answer them. Answer all the questions that you know first. Pay attention to your exam and not to other students.

WORD BLOG Cramming – to study intensively for an examination Fresh - alert, full of energy Invigilators – people who watch over students in an examination.

EXERCISE 2. (Introduction of summary writing)

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A. Match the paragraphs below with their main ideas.

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3.

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6.

7.

Paragraph Students must exercise to keep fit and healthy. They ought to take part in all kinds of games and sports. Just as studies exercise the brain, games exercise the body. Saving is not only for the adults. Children too, should be encouraged to save. By saving, children learn the value of money. They learn to buy only what they need, and not to waste their money on unnecessary things. Crows often make a lot of noise. In the morning, they wake up very early and greet each other loudly. Then they fly off together to get their breakfast. Whenever they are, you can hear them crowing loudly. To improve your English, you must read books. If you read books, you will learn more words and phrases. You will get more knowledge and ideas. If you have ideas and know a lot of words, you will be able to write better. Smoking is bad for health. When you smoke, you will lose your stamina. Your lungs become ‘polluted’. As a result, you may fall sick. You will have brownish teeth and bad breath. Examinations are set for various reasons. They can be used to check a students’ academic progress. They can be used to select a student for a scholarship. They can also be used to select a student for a particular course. Water is important natural resource. Unfortunately the quality of water and the sources of water supply have been badly affected. The feeling of trees has caused soil erosion. This has in turn polluted the rivers and the quality of water.

Main idea The quality of water and the sources of water supply have been badly affected as a result of felling of trees. Examinations are set to check a students’ academic progress or for selecting students for a scholarship or a course. Saving should be encouraged as it teaches us not to spend unnecessarily. Smoking is bad for health

Students must exercise to keep fit and healthy Crows often make a lot of noise

To improve your English and write better, you must read books.

B. Read the passage below, underline and write down 5 main ideas what one can do in

Pangkor.

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Dear Mum, I’m having a great time here in Pangkor. My friends and I have been spending our days swimming in the sea. The water is warm and inviting. In fact, we are enjoying ourselves so much that we would only get out of the water when the sun sets. We also enjoy watersports activities such as jet skiing and para-sailing. Yesterday, we took a boat to another island off the west coast to do some fishing. We didn’t catch any fish though, just some old shoes and plastic bottles! We also took a day tour round the island that offered us a glimpse of some historical sites that date back to the time of the Dutch. The tour also included visits to some cottage industries such as a batik-making factory. The nights are the best for us. The streets come alive with little stalls selling all sort of things and we really like strolling along the streets then. We will be leaving the island tomorrow to continue our journey up north to Penang. I will write again soon to tell you about my adventures there. Bye. Love, Nicole Main ideas: 1._________________________________ 2. ________________________________ 3. ________________________________ 4. ________________________________ 5. ________________________________ 6. ________________________________

C. Write a summary on what one can do in Pangkor.

Begin your summary as follows: There are many things that one can do in Pangkor….

Exercise 3 (Introduction of summary)
A. Read the paragraph below, underline and write down their main ideas.

Write a summary on how to prepare well for an exam

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You can draw up a study timetable to follow, which includes time for breaks, time for exercise, meal and sleep. Main idea: _______________________________ Write a summary on the qualities of a good teacher. A good teacher must show sympathy to the students. This means he or she must be in tune in the minds and feelings of students. To do this, the teacher has to be tolerant of the childish behaviour of students. Students are still young people. They cannot act or think like adults. Exercising patience is very important is dealing with them. Main idea: _______________________________ Write a summary on the importance of a healthy breakfast. Studies conducted show that the most important meal of the day is breakfast. Children who eat a healthy breakfast do better in school. Adult perform better at work if they have a healthy breakfast. Main idea: _______________________________

B. Summarise the paragraph below by choosing the best main idea for each

paragraph. Circle the correct answer.

When tea was first imported and distributed it was done so in tins. This meant that the tea

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could be kept stored at the proper temperature in a cool environment, but it was also expensive. This meant only the rich could afford to drink tea. A B C Only the rich drink tea. Tea was first imported in tins. Tea must be kept in a cool environment.

Thomas Sullivan changed all that in 1908. He was a tea importer based in New York city. As tea was becoming more popular in America he had drink of another way to send the tea to his customers. A B C Tea was becoming popular. Thomas Sullivan was a tea importer. Thomas Sullivan tried to make tea affordable to all.

So, he came up with the idea of using tea bags, which was actually just a silk pouch with small amount of tea inside. This meant he could send the tea to his customers, without having to waste money on tins and mailing costs. A B C Thomas Sullivan was a tea importer Thomas Sullivan invented tea bags to cut transportation cost. Thomas Sullivan started mailing tea to his customers in silk pouches.

His customers were amazed with Sullivan’s ingenious idea. They thought that the pouches were designed to go straight into the tea pot. The idea caught on and the customers started to order their tea bags from Sullivan as they were so convenient, much better than the tins. A B C The customers liked Sullivan’s idea. Tea in tea bags taste better than those in tins. The customers thought that Sullivan’s tea bags were made to go into the tea pots.

Exercise 4 (Adjectives)

A. Complete the paragpraph below with the correct degree of comparison for the words in
brackets.

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1. The water in the ocean is _________ (salty). The __________ (salty) water is in the Red Sea and in the Persian Gulf. The ____________ (salty) seas are in the polar regions, where both melting polar ice and a lot of rain dilute the salinity. 2. The bluefin tuna is the _________ (long) bony fish in the world. Bluefin tuna are among the __________ (large) and __________ (fast) marine fish. In Japan, the bluefins are among the _____________ (valuable) fish. 3. The horseshoe crab is one of the world’s _________ (old) living animals. It is usually gathered in summer when the water is _________ (warm). In _________ (shallow) water, the horseshoe crabs are collected by hand. In the ________ (deep) ocean, fishermen can scoop ________ (big) crabs.

B. Complete the table below based on the information given.
The Pasific Ocean is the largest ocean covering an area of 64,186,000 square miles. The Indian Ocean is smaller than the Atlantic Ocean but much bigger than Artic Ocean. Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean is the deepest valley in the ocean floor. It is 36,200 feet deep. Puerto Rico Trench is deeperthan Java Trench. Eurasia Basin in Artic Ocean is not as deep as Java Trench but it is the deepest depth of the Artic Ocean.

Ocean (1) ________________

Area 64,186,000 square miles

Atlantic Ocean (4) _______________ Artic Ocean

33,420,00 square miles 28,350,000 square miles 5,106,000 square miles

Deepest Depth (2) ______________ , (3) _____________ feet deep. Puerto Rico Trench, 28,231 feet deep. Java Trench, 25,344 feet deep (5) ______________, 17,881 feet deep.

Exercise 5 (Simple Past Tense) A. Complete the paragraph below about Pablo Picasso by choosing the correct verbs.

Pablo, born in 1881 in Malaga, Spain was a famous art icon. Pablo attended local school and had a very difficul time. He (is/was/being) describe as having difficulty reading the orientation of the

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letters and (label/labels/labelled) a dyslexic. Despite the initial difficulties, he (is/was/has) able to catch up with the curriculum. However, dyslexia (make/makes/made) school difficult and he never really (benefit/benefits/benefited) from his education. Dyslexia (trouble/troubles/troubled) Picasso for the rest of his life. Pablo’s father, an art teacher in Malaga, (encourage/encourages/encouraged) him to attend his school. Despite his disabilities, it (become/became/becoming) clear that Pablo (has/have/had) an incredible talent. Over the course of his career, he (develop/develops/developed) a unique sense of beauty and style. Pablo (paint/paints/painted) things as he saw them –out of order, backwards or upside down. His paintings (demonstrate/demonstrates/demonstrated) his power of imagination.

B. Read the story below and underline the irregular verb in that story.

Last night, Kartigesen dreamt that he invented a robot that could help him do his homework and all his household chores. The robot was very intelligent. He did Kartigesen’s science project as well as his mathematical problems. Kartigesen was delighted. In the evening, it even swept the floor and mopped the house. He dreamt that he spent all the time playing the computer games while the robot went about doing his work. Kartigesen made the robot do more and more work. Suddenly the robot became violent. It pulled off wires and tore Kartigesen’s books. It turned to Kartigesen. Just at that moment, Kartigesen got up with a shock with all his books and homework all over him. Thank goodness, it was just a bad dream!

Exercise 6 A. Read the passage and fill in the blank with circled words.
bandag ed pain bleedi ng friend s I ENGLISH COMMITTEE, SMK JALAN JUNID, MUAR. Page 7

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hop e Dear mom,

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hospit al

my

I hurt (1)______ leg while roller-skating this morning. (2) _________ fell because i lost my balance. My right leg was (3) ___________. My (4) _________ took me to the (5) __________. The doctor told me that my leg was broken and needed to be put in a plaster cast. He also (6) ____________ my wounds. I am still in (7) ________. I (8) _______ you would be able to be with me for a while. Please come as soon as possible. B. Based on the passage above, arrange the events on chronological sequence. Hopes to see mother skating Leg in plaster wound bandaged taken to hospital broke leg fell down roller

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7.

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Exercise 7 (Formal letter)

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A. You are the director of Petronas Twin Tower. The Science Society of SMK Gemilang has sent the letter of asking permission to visit your place. Please arrange this formal letter so that you can read it carefully.

The Director Petronas Twin Towers KLCC 50490 Kuala Lumpur Dear Sir, 4. If you find the proposed date and time unsuitable we shall be glad to agree to an alternative date and time convenient to you. 2. The proposed date of the visit is 5 August 2009. The group consists of forty two students and two teachers. We intend to make a trip in a chartered bus. We shall leave our school at 8 a.m. and arrive at the factory at about 9.30 a.m. Aina Suhana The Science Society Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Gemilang 41000 Klang Selangor Darul Ehsan. 5. We shall be most grateful if you could give us an early reply to enable us to make the necessary arrangements. Thank You. Educational Visit to Petrosains Discovery Centre Yours faithfully, I am writing on behalf on the Science Society of Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Gemaling to request permission to visit the Petrosains Discovery Centre. Secretary The Science Society 3. The purpose of the visit is to learn more about the centre. We also wish to see this various exhibits at the centre. Therefore, we would be most grateful if you could arrange someone to take us around. Aina Suhana 29th April 2010
B. Write a letter to reply the letter above. State that you are agree to give them the permission to visit your place.

Exercise 8 (Comparison Writing)

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As a manager, you should choose one person to fill the position of sales executive. Based on the details given, compare about these two people and state your opinion and why you choose that person. PROFILE A Name : Stephen Lawrence Age : 25 years old Work experience : new graduate Qualification : B. Econs (Marketing) Achievements : The Excellent Trainer 2009 Personal Qualities : √ √ √ √ Friendly Willing to help Responsible Willing to learn new things PROFILE B Name : Shafik Affendi Age : 32 years old Work Experience : 8 years Qualification : B. Pcychology (Honours) Achievements : Senior Executive in present organization Personal Qualities : √ √ √ Hardworking Responsible Willing to share the experience

Exercise 9 (Rearrange the ideas) Arrange the sentences in a logical order to form a paragraph.

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Set A. 1. When i sit in the garden, I can see beautiful butterflies resting on the colourful flowers. 2. Monkeys can be seen swinging from tree to tree. 3. My friends are always amazed at the mini zoo in my garden.

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4. A family of brown squirrels is always darting in and out the plants as they chase each other. 5. If we are not careful, they will even feast on our bananas in the kitchen. 6. Every morning I wake up with the birds twittering in the trees.

Set B. 1. Her sister ran into the room and locked herself up. 2. Minah was very angry with her younger sister. 3. Then, she found her pen missing. 4. Yesterday, her sister had asked if she could borrow it, but she had said ‘no’ as she needed it for a test. 5. She had taken her pen without permission. 6. On the next day, she apologised to Minah and Minah forgave her. 7. So, she scolded her sister.

Exercise 10 (Connectors) Rewrite the following sentences with the connectors given.

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My professor is an extremely fascinating person. She tells some of the most interesting stories I have ever heard. 1.) Additionally, ____________________________________________________ 2.) In addition, ____________________________________________________ 3.) Too ____________________________________________________ 4.) Also ____________________________________________________ 5.) Furthermore, ___________________________________________________ 6.) Besides that, ____________________________________________________ 7.) And ____________________________________________________ 8.) Moreover, ____________________________________________________ 9.) As well ____________________________________________________ 10.) Not only...but also ____________________________________________________

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