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Number: Addition Level 3 2010 Rebecca Yarwood

2 Add one- and two-digit numbers by counting on.

Mentally compute simple addition calculations involving one- or two-digit natural numbers, using number
facts such as complement to 10, doubles and near doubles.
2.5 Use of strategies such as ‘near doubles’, ‘adding 9’ and ‘build to next 10’ to solve addition problems.

Use of written methods for whole number problems of addition involving numbers up to 99.
3 Devise and use written methods for whole number problems of addition involving numbers up to
• Maths Magician – Level 3 Website
• Maths Lines Game – Level 3 Website

Doubles, near doubles, count on, count back, tens facts, make up to 10, sum, total, add on, plus, addition,
equation, word problem.
Whole Class Focus:
• Write the plus sign on the board. Ask students to brainstorm everything they know about that sign
for example, different language used such as plus, add, addition, sum etc.
• Write a 2-digit number on the board. Invite students to write addition sums that add up to the
number on the board for example, 25, 10+15=25, 20+5=25 etc.
• Play ‘Around the world’ with basic addition number facts.
• Domino Trails – Ask, ‘Has anyone played dominoes before? How do you play the game? Emphasise
that dominoes can be joined when both dominoes have the same number. Select two students to
demonstrate. After they have placed a few dominoes down, stop and ask, ‘If I added all the numbers
together to get to the total, what would it be?’ Discuss responses. Ask, ‘Could we make a trail of
dominoes equal to 25?’ Invite a student to try, calling on others to help. If they have difficulty,
prompt by asking, ‘What is your total so far? How much more do you need to make 25?’ Select
another student to check that the trail equals 25, by adding aloud so that all the class can check. Ask,
‘Which strategies did we use to add the numbers?’
• Word Problems - Present this problem? ‘Grade 3A has 26 students and Grade 3B has 28 students.
Both grades are going on an excursion. How many excursion notices need to be printed?’ Invite
students to suggest how to answer the question. Present an equation eg. 38+27. Ask, ‘Can you think
of a word problem that can be represented by this equation?’ Give students time to think up ideas;
list possible problems. Have students write word problems for further equations.
• Play ‘Greedy Pig’. At the conclusion of the game the students add up the individual game scores to
crate a total score. Discuss strategies for adding up their scores. For example, make up to 10,
chunking etc.
• Play ‘Addition Bingo’. Each student rules up a 9-squre grid in their maths book. They write a
number in each box (1-20). The caller (teacher) calls out different sums such as 10+5, 7+3, 5+8 etc.
Students solve one equation at a time and if they have the answer in their grid they cross it off. The
first person to cross out all of their numbers is the winner.

Small Group Focus:

• Students work with a partner and take turns to roll 2 6-sided dice and add them together. Challenge:
Use 3 dice and/or 10-sided dice.
• Roll 2 (or 3) dice and make a 2-digit or 3-digit number. Make a list of numbers and add pairs of
numbers. For example, 53+32 or 342+562. Discuss strategies used to solve these sums.
• Mental Strategies - Throw three 10-sided dice and model appropriate strategies to find the sum of
the numbers. Emphasise counting on from the largest number, doubles, near doubles, tens facts, and
making to 10. Have students take turns throwing the dice and finding the sum. The student with the
lowest score in the round takes the letter ‘O’. Students continue playing independently, with the
lowest-scoring student in each round taking a letter: O, U or T. When a student has spelt ‘OUT’,
they are out of the game. The game continues until only one player remains. Vary the number of
dice to make the game easier or more difficult.
• Use MAB blocks. Make sure throughout this unit to present equations in both horizontal and vertical
format. Write this equation on the board: 32 + 47. Have students show 32 and 47. Ask, ‘What do we
do to find the answer?’ Check students’ understanding. They should be combining units that have
the same place value: tens with tens, and ones with ones. Have students combine the materials.
Invite a student to give the answer, and ask others to confirm that it is correct.

Independent Maths:
• Play ‘Maths Magician’ on the computer. Access via Level 3 website.
• Play ‘Maths Lines Game’ on the computer. Access via Level 3 website.
• Students use letter values to work out the value of their name and those of their friends. For
example, A=1, B=2, C=3, D=4, E=5 etc. The name ‘Bec’ would have a total value of 2+5+3=10
Focus on strategies for solving these sums, particularly those with 2-digit numbers and names with
many letters.
• Superteacher worksheets – ‘Addition Shark Attack’
• Superteacher worksheets – ‘Addition: 2-digit numbers’
• Unit 7: Work it out using Addition (Assessment Task Card – Nelson Math’s Teacher Resource Book
Year 3)