You are on page 1of 24

H$moS> Z.

Series HRS

Code No.

amob Z.

31/2

narjmWu H$moS >H$mo Cma-nwpVH$m Ho$ _wI-n


>na Ad` {bIo &

Roll No.

Candidates must write the Code on the


title page of the answer-book.

H$n`m OmM H$a b| {H$ Bg Z-n _o _w{V n> 24 h &


Z-n _| Xm{hZo hmW H$s Amoa {XE JE H$moS >Z~a H$mo N>m Cma -nwpVH$m Ho$ _wI-n> na
{bI| &
H$n`m OmM H$a b| {H$ Bg Z-n _| >42 Z h &
H$n`m Z H$m Cma {bIZm ew$ H$aZo go nhbo, Z H$m H$_mH$ Ad` {bI| &
Bg Z-n H$mo nT>Zo Ho$ {bE 15 {_ZQ >H$m g_` {X`m J`m h & Z-n H$m {dVaU
nydm _| 10.15 ~Oo {H$`m OmEJm & 10.15 ~Oo go 10.30 ~Oo VH$ N>m Ho$db Z-n H$mo
nT>|Jo Ama Bg Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ do Cma-nwpVH$m na H$moB Cma Zht {bI|Jo &
Please check that this question paper contains 24 printed pages.

vikas dabas

Code number given on the right hand side of the question paper should be
written on the title page of the answer-book by the candidate.
Please check that this question paper contains 42 questions.
Please write down the Serial Number of the question before
attempting it.
15 minutes time has been allotted to read this question paper. The
question paper will be distributed at 10.15 a.m. From 10.15 a.m. to
10.30 a.m., the students will read the question paper only and will not
write any answer on the answer-book during this period.

gH${bV narjm II
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT II

{dkmZ
SCIENCE

{ZYm[aV g_` : 3 KQ>o

A{YH$V_ AH$ : 90

Time allowed : 3 hours


31/2

Maximum Marks : 90
1

P.T.O.

gm_m` {ZX}e :
(i)
Bg Z n H$mo Xmo ^mJm|, ^mJ A Ama ^mJ ~, _| ~mQ>m J`m h & AmnH$mo XmoZm| ^mJm| Ho$
Zm| Ho$ Cma {bIZo h &
(ii)
g^r Z A{Zdm` h &
(iii) AmnH$mo ^mJ A Ama ^mJ ~ Ho$ g^r Zm| Ho$ Cma nWH$-nWH$ ^mJ Ho$ AmYma na
{bIZo h &
(iv) ^mJ A Ho$ Z g`m 1 go 3 Ho$ Z EH$-EH$ AH$ Ho$ h & BZHo$ Cma EH$ eX AWdm
EH$ dm` _| X| &
(v)
^mJ A Ho$ Z g`m 4 go 7 Ho$ Z Xmo-Xmo AH$m| Ho$ h & BZHo$ Cma bJ^J
30 eXm| _| XoZo h &
(vi) ^mJ A Ho$ Z g`m 8 go 19 Ho$ Z VrZ-VrZ AH$m| Ho$ h & BZHo$ Cma bJ^J
50 eXm| _| XoZo h &
(vii) ^mJ A Ho$ Z g`m 20 go 24 Ho$ Z nmM-nmM AH$m| Ho$ h & BZHo$ Cma bJ^J
70 eXm| _| XoZo h &
(viii) ^mJ ~ Ho$ Z g`m 25 go 42 Ho$ Z `moJm_H$ H$meb na AmYm[aV ~h{dH$nr Z
h & `oH$ Z EH$ AH$ H$m h & {XE JE Mma {dH$nm| _| go AmnH$mo Ho$db EH$ g~go
Cn`w$ {dH$n MwZZm h &

vikas dabas

General Instructions :
(i)

The question paper comprises of two Sections, A and B. You are to


attempt both the sections.

(ii)

All questions are compulsory.

(iii)

All questions of Section A and all questions of Section B are to be


attempted separately.

(iv)

Question numbers 1 to 3 in Section A are one-mark questions. These are to


be answered in one word or in one sentence.

(v)

Question numbers 4 to 7 in Section A are two-marks questions. These are


to be answered in about 30 words each.

(vi)

Question numbers 8 to 19 in Section A are three-marks questions. These


are to be answered in about 50 words each.

(vii)

Question numbers 20 to 24 in Section A are five-marks questions. These


are to be answered in about 70 words each.

(viii) Question numbers 25 to 42 in Section B are multiple choice questions


based on practical skills. Each question is a one-mark question. You are
to select one most appropriate response out of the four provided to you.
31/2

^mJ A
SECTION A
1.

Xmo Vdm| X Ama Y, {OZHo$ BboQ>m{ZH$ {d`mg H$_e: 2, 8, 2 Ama 2, 8, 6 h, Ho$ na_mUw
H$_mH$ {b{IE &

Write the atomic numbers of two elements X and Y having electronic


configurations 2, 8, 2 and 2, 8, 6 respectively.
2.

AmZwd{eH$Vm `m h

What is heredity ?
3.

Eogr Xmo _Xm| H$s gyMr ~ZmBE {OZH$m AmgmZr go nwZ:MH$U {H$`m Om gH$Vm h, naVw h_
Cho m`: Hy$S> oXmZ _| \|$H$ {X`m H$aVo h &

List two items which can be easily recycled, but we generally throw them
in the dust-bins.
4.

b{JH$ OZZ H$aZo dmbo Ordm| Ho$ OZH$m| Ed CZH$s gV{V`m| _| JwUgym| H$s g`m g_mZ
hmoVr h & Bg H$WZ H$s nw{> H$s{OE &

vikas dabas

The chromosomal number of the sexually producing parents and their


offspring is the same. Justify this statement.

5.

AdVb XnU mam ~Zo {V{~~ H$m ojU H$aZo na dh Am^mgr, grYm Ama {~~ H$s
VwbZm _| Amd{YV nm`m J`m & {~~ H$s XnU Ho$ gmnoj pW{V `m hmoZr Mm{hE ? AnZo
Cma H$s nwpQ> Ho$ {bE {H$aU AmaoI It{ME &

The image formed by a concave mirror is observed to be virtual, erect and


larger than the object. Where should the position of the object be relative
to the mirror ? Draw ray diagram to justify your answer.
6.

{H$gr nm[aV _| AnKQ>H$m| H$m ApVd A{Zdm` h & Bg H$WZ H$mo {g H$aZo Ho$ {bE Xmo
H$maUmo H$s gyMr ~ZmBE &

List two reasons to show that the existence of decomposers is essential in


an ecosystem.
7.

Ob-g^a ~YZ V `m h
bm^m| H$s gyMr ~ZmBE &

Bg V _| ^mJ boZo dmbo g_wXm`m| H$mo Bggo hmoZo dmbo Xmo


2

What is watershed management system ? List two benefits derived by the


communities that participate in this system.
31/2

P.T.O.

8.

{H$gr Amhma mIbm _| D$Om-dmh EH${X{eH$ hmoVm h & Bg H$WZ H$s nw{> H$s{OE &

nrS>H$Zmer {H$gr Amhma mIbm _| doe H$aHo$ ~mX _| h_mao eara _| H$go nh M OmVo h,
g_PmBE &

Energy flow in a food chain is unidirectional. Justify this statement.


Explain how the pesticides enter a food chain and subsequently get into
our body.
9.

{ZZ{b{IV `oH$ H$aU _| And{VV {H$aU H$m nW XemZo Ho$ {bE {H$aU AmaoI
It{ME :
H$me H$s H$moB Amn{VV {H$aU {H$gr AdVb b|g Ho$
(i)
H$m{eH$ Ho$ go JwOaVr h &
(ii)
_w` Aj Ho$ g_mVa h &
(iii) _w` \$moH$g H$s Amoa {ZXo{eV h &

Draw a ray diagram to show the path of the refracted ray in each of the
following cases :
A ray of light incident on a concave lens is

10.

(i)

passing through its optical centre.

(ii)

parallel to its principal axis.

(iii)

directed towards its principal focus.

vikas dabas
H$moB N>m {H$gr XnU Ho$ Ywd go _mo_~mr H$s dmbm H$mo 12 cm Xar na aIH$a CgHo$
{V{~~ H$mo XnU go 48 cm Xar na pWV nX} na jo{nV H$aZm MmhVm h &
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

gwPmd Xr{OE {H$ Cgo {H$g H$ma H$m XnU Cn`moJ H$aZm Mm{hE &
~ZZo dmbo {V{~~ H$m a{IH$ AmdYZ kmV H$s{OE &
{~~ go {V{~~ {H$VZr Xar na h ?
Bg H$aU _| {V{~~ ~ZZm XemZo Ho$ {bE {H$am AmaoI It{ME &

A student wants to project the image of a candle flame on a screen 48 cm


in front of a mirror by keeping the flame at a distance of 12 cm from its
pole.

31/2

(a)

Suggest the type of mirror he should use.

(b)

Find the linear magnification of the image produced.

(c)

How far is the image from its object ?

(d)

Draw ray diagram to show the image formation in this case.


4

11.

doV H$me H$m EH$ nVbm {H$aU-nwO


ABC _| go JwOaVm h &

PQ

{M _| XemE AZwgma H$mM Ho$ {H$gr {_

Bg {M H$mo AnZr Cma nwpVH$m na It{ME Ama nXo DE na {ZJV nwO Ogm {XImB XoJm
CgH$m nW ItMH$a XemBE &
(i)
ojU H$s OmZo dmbr n[aKQ>Zm H$m Zm_ Ama CgH$m H$maU {b{IE &
(ii)
BgHo$ A{V[a$ H${V _| Bg n[aKQ>Zm H$m Amn Ama H$hm ojU H$aVo h ?
(iii) Bg ojU Ho$ AmYma na doV H$me Ho$ Ad`dm| Ho$ ~mao _| Omo {ZH$f {ZH$mbm Om
gH$Vm h CgH$m CoI H$s{OE &

vikas dabas

A narrow beam PQ of white light is passing through a glass prism ABC


as shown in the diagram.

Trace it on your answer sheet and show the path of the emergent beam
as observed on the screen DE.

31/2

(i)

Write the name and cause of the phenomenon observed.

(ii)

Where else in nature is this phenomenon observed ?

(iii)

Based on this observation, state the conclusion which can be drawn


about the constituents of white light.

P.T.O.

12.

H$moB H$m~m}pg{bH$ Ab (AmpdH$-gy C2H4O2) CoaH$ Ho$ $n _| {H$gr Ab H$s


CnpW{V _| {H$gr EoH$mohmb go A{^{H$`m H$aHo$ EH$ `m{JH$ X ~ZmVm h & `h EoH$mohmb
jmar` KMnO4 Ho$ gmW AmgrH$aU Ho$ nMmV AbrH$aU H$aZo na dhr H$m~mopg{bH$
Ab C2H4O2 ~Zm XoVm h & (i) H$m~m}pg{bH$ Ab, (ii) EoH$mohmb VWm (iii) `m{JH$
X Ho$ Zm_ Ama gaMZm {b{IE &

A carboxylic acid (molecular formula C2H4O2) reacts with an alcohol in


the presence of an acid catalyst to form a compound X. The alcohol on
oxidation with alkaline KMnO4 followed by acidification gives the same
carboxylic acid C2H4O2. Write the name and structure of (i) carboxylic
acid, (ii) alcohol and (iii) the compound X.
13.

H$m~Z `m{JH$m| H$s g_OmVr` loUr go `m Vmn` h ? (i) EoH$sZm|, VWm (ii) EoH$mBZm| H$m
gm_m` gy {b{IE & BZHo$ Xmo H$m~Z na_mUwAm| Ho$ ~rM Ho$ Am~YZ H$mo XemZo Ho$ {bE
`oH$ loUr Ho$ nhbo gX` H$s gaMZm It{ME &

What is meant by homologous series of carbon compounds ? Write the


general formula of (i) alkenes, and (ii) alkynes. Draw the structures of the
first member of each series to show the bonding between the two carbon
atoms.

14.

vikas dabas
{ZZ{b{IV gmaUr H$m A``Z H$s{OE {Og_| N>: Vdm| A, B, C, D, E Ama
pW{V`m CZH$s AmYw{ZH$ AmdV gmaUr _| pW{V`m| Ho$ AZwgma XemB JB h :
g_yh

AmdV

3 12

13

14

15

17

F
:

(i)

Cg Vd H$m Zm_ {b{IE Omo Ho$db ghg`moOr `m{JH$ ~ZmVm h &

(ii)

Cg Vd H$m Zm_ {b{IE {OgH$s g`moOH$Vm VrZ h Ama dh YmVw h &

(iii)

Cg Vd H$m Zm_ {b{IE {OgH$s g`moOH$Vm VrZ h Ama dh AYmVw h &

(iv)

D Ama E _o

(v)

Vd

go {H$g Vd H$m AmH$ma ~S>m h Ama `m|

C Ama F {Og

n[adma Ho$ gX` h CgH$m gm_m` Zm_ `m h


6

18
C

Cn`w$ gmaUr Ho$ AmYma na {ZZ{b{IV Zm| Ho$ Cma Xr{OE

31/2

16

H$s

Study the following table in which positions of six elements A, B, C, D, E


and F are shown as they are in the modern periodic table :
Group

3 12

13

14

15

16

17

18

Period
2

C
F

On the basis of the above table, answer the following questions :

15.

(i)

Name the element which forms only covalent compounds.

(ii)

Name the element which is a metal with valency three.

(iii)

Name the element which is a non-metal with valency three.

(iv)

Out of D and E, which is bigger in size and why ?

(v)

Write the common name for the family to which the elements C
and F belong.

AmYw{ZH$ AmdV gmaUr _| "g_yh' go `m Vmn` h ? {H$gr g_yh _o D$na go ZrMo OmZo na
{ZZ{b{IV _| `m n[adVZ hmoVo h ?
(i)
g`moOH$Vm BboQ>mZm| H$s g`m
(ii)
A`m{gV H$moemo H$s g`m
(iii) na_mUwAm| H$m AmH$ma
(iv) Vdm| H$s YmpdH$ H${V
(v)
g`moOH$Vm BboQ>mZm| na {H$`m H$aZo dmbm ^mdr Zm{^H$s` Amdoe

vikas dabas

What is meant by group in the modern periodic table ? How do the


following change on moving from top to bottom in a group ?
(i)
Number of valence electrons
(ii)
Number of occupied shells
(iii) Size of atoms
(iv) Metallic character of elements
(v)
Effective nuclear charge experienced by valence electrons
16.

OVwAm| _| Ab{JH$ OZZ H$s {H$ht Xmo {d{Y`m| H$s gyMr ~ZmBE & H$m{`H$ dYZ H$mo Amn
OZZ H$s {H$g {d{Y _o aI|Jo Ama `m| ? H$m{`H$ dYZ Ho$ Xmo bm^m| H$s gyMr ~ZmBE &

List any two modes of asexual reproduction in animals. Under which


mode of reproduction is vegetative propagation placed and why ? List two
advantages of vegetative propagation.
31/2

P.T.O.

17.

_mZdm| mam Cn`moJ H$s OmZo dmbr J^{ZamoY H$s Mma {d{Y`m| H$s gyMr ~ZmBE &
{ZZ{b{IV H$WZ H$s nw{> H$s{OE :
J^{ZamoYH$ {d{Y`m| Ho$ Cn`moJ H$m n[adma Ho$ dm` Ed g_{ na `j ^md hmoVm
h &

List four methods of contraception used by humans.


Justify the following statement :
The use of contraceptive methods has a direct effect on the health and
prosperity of a family.
18.

`h _m g`moJ h {H$ H$moB `wJb Za {eew H$mo AWdm _mXm {eew H$mo O_ XoJm &

qbJ-JwUgym| Ho$ gb`Z H$mo XemVo hE$ EH$ dmh AmaoI H$s ghm`Vm go Bg H$WZ H$s nwpQ>
H$s{OE &

It is a matter of chance whether a couple will give birth to a male child


or a female child. Justify this statement with the help of a flow chart
showing the fusion of sex chromosomes.
19.

Eogm hmo gH$Vm h {H$ H$moB bjU demZwJV hmo OmE, naVw `$ Zht hmo & EH$ Cn`w$
3

CXmhaU H$s ghm`Vm go Bg H$WZ H$s nwpQ> H$s{OE &


A trait may be inherited, but may not be expressed. Justify this
statement with the help of a suitable example.

20.

31/2

vikas dabas
(a)

ZrMo {XE JE {M _| Zm_m{H$V ^mJm|

A, B, C Ama D Ho$

(b)

namJU `m h ? BgHo$ _hd H$m CoI H$s{OE &

(c)

nwnm| _| {ZfoMZ {H$g H$ma hmoVm h ? nwn Ho$ Cg ^mJ H$m Zm_ {b{IE Omo (i) ~rO
_o| {dH${gV hmoVm h, VWm (ii) {ZfoMZ Ho$ nMmV \$b _| {dH${gV hmoVm h &
8

Zm_ {b{IE

21.

(a)

Name the parts labelled as A, B, C and D in the diagram given below :

(b)

What is pollination ? State its significance.

(c)

How does fertilisation occur in flowers ? Name the parts of the


flower that develop into (i) seed, and (ii) fruit after fertilisation.

vikas dabas
(a)

_mZd _mXm OZZ-V Ho$ H$mQ> ` H$m AmaoI It{ME & Cg ^mJ H$m Zm_mH$Z
H$s{OE Ohm
(i)
AS> {dH${gV hmoVo h &
(ii)
{ZfoMZ hmoVm h &
(iii) {Zfo{MV AS> Amamo{nV hmoVm h &

(b)

gjon _| CZ n[adVZm| H$m dUZ H$s{OE Omo J^me` _| Cg pW{V _o hmoVo h


(i)
O~ dh `w_ZO JhU H$aVm h &
(ii)
O~ `w_ZO Zht ~ZVm &

(a)

Draw a sectional view of human female reproductive system and


label the part where
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

(b)

eggs develop.
fertilisation take place.
fertilised egg gets implanted.

Describe, in brief, the changes the uterus undergoes


(i)
(ii)

31/2

to receive the zygote.


if zygote is not formed.
9

P.T.O.

22.

23.

(a)

_mZd Zo Ho$ CZ ^mJm| H$s gyMr ~ZmBE Omo Zo _| doe H$aZo dmbo H$me H$s _mm
H$mo {Z`{V H$aVo h & do Bg H$m` H$mo {H$g H$ma H$aVo h, g_PmBE &

(b)

_mZd Zo _| ao{Q>Zm (pQ>nQ>b) H$m H$m` {b{IE &

(c)

`m Amn OmZVo h {H$ H$m{Z`m-AYVm H$m CnMma ZoXmZ mam nm H$m{Z`m Ho$
`mamonU mam {H$`m Om gH$Vm h ? h_| `mo Ama {H$g H$ma g_mO Ho$ gX`m|
H$mo _`w Ho$ nMmV ZoXmZ Ho$ {bE mogm{hV H$aZo Ho$ {bE g_yhm| H$mo gJ{R>V
H$aZm Mm{hE ?

(a)

List the parts of the human eye that control the amount of light
entering into it. Explain how they perform this function.

(b)

Write the function of retina in human eye.

(c)

Do you know that the corneal-impairment can be cured by


replacing the defective cornea with the cornea of the donated eye ?
How and why should we organise groups to motivate the
community members to donate their eyes after death ?

Jmobr` b|gmo go g~{YV {ZZ{b{IV nXm| H$s `m`m H$s{OE

vikas dabas
(a)

dH$Vm-Ho$
(b)
_w` Aj
(c)
H$m{eH$ Ho$
(d)
_w` \$moH$g
20 cm \$moH$g Xar Ho$ AdVb b|g go, {H$gr 6 cm b~o {~~ H$mo {H$VZr Xar na aIm
OmE {H$ CgH$m {V{~~ b|g go 15 cm Xar na ~Zo ? ~ZZo dmbo {V{~~ H$m AmH$ma ^r
kmV H$s{OE &
Explain the following terms related to spherical lenses :
(a)

Centres of curvature

(b)

Principal axis

(c)

Optical centre

(d)

Principal focus

At what distance from a concave lens of focal length 20 cm, should a 6 cm


tall object be placed so that it forms an image at 15 cm from the lens ?
Also determine the size of the image formed.
31/2

10

1
2
1
2

24.

Am`{ZH$ `m{JH$ ~ZmZo dmbo Vd AnZo ~mV_ H$moe go BboQ>mZ m H$aHo$ AWdm CZH$m
mg H$aHo$ CH$Q> Jg {d`mg m H$aVo h & H$maU g{hV g_PmBE {H$ H$m~Z AnZo
`m{JH$mo Ho$ {Z_mU Ho$ g_` Bg T>J go CH$Q> Jg {d`mg `m| m Zht H$a gH$Vm &
Am`{ZH$ `m{JH$m| _| ~ZZo dmbo Am~Y Ama H$m~Z `m{JH$m| _| ~Zo Am~Y Ho$ H$mam| Ho$
Zm_ ^r {b{IE & gmW hr BgH$m H$maU ^r {b{IE {H$ H$m~Z `m{JH$ gm_m`V: {dwV Ho$
Hw$MmbH$ `m| hmoVo h &

Elements forming ionic compounds attain noble gas configuration by


either gaining or losing electrons from their outermost shells. Give reason
to explain why carbon cannot attain noble gas configuration in this
manner to form its compounds. Name the type of bonds formed in ionic
compounds and in the compounds formed by carbon. Also give reason
why carbon compounds are generally poor conductors of electricity.

^mJ ~
SECTION B

25.

vikas dabas
{H$gr N>m Zo ZrMo {M _| XemE AZwgma H$m{eH$ `w{$
[H$aUm| H$mo nXo S na \$moH${gV {H$`m &

Bggo `h {ZH$f {ZH$mbm Om gH$Vm h {H$ `w{$

31/2

(A)

10 cm \$moH$g

Xar H$m Cmb b|g h &

(B)

20 cm dH$Vm

{`m H$m Cmb b|g h &

(C)

20 cm \$moH$g

Xar H$m Cmb b|g h &

(D)

20 cm \$moH$g

Xar H$m AdVb XnU h &


11

H$m Cn`moJ H$aHo$ gy` H$s

(ghr {dH$n Mw{ZE)

P.T.O.

A student focussed the Sun rays using an optical device X on a screen S


as shown.

26.

From this it may be concluded that the device X is a (select the correct
option)
(A)
Convex lens of focal length 10 cm.
(B)
Convex lens of radius of curvature 20 cm.
(C)
Convex lens of focal length 20 cm.
(D)
Concave mirror of focal length 20 cm.
{H$gr N>m Zo {XE JE F1 \$moH$g Xar Ho$ Jmobr` Xnm Ho$ Cn`moJ mam {H$gr ^br-^m{V
Xr XaW {~~ H$m {V{~~ nXo na \$moH${gV {H$`m & BgHo$ nMmV {ejH$ Zo Cgo F2

vikas dabas
\$moH$g Xar H$m H$moB A` XnU XoH$a Cgr {~~ H$mo Cgr nX} na \$moH${gV H$aZo Ho$ {bE
H$hm & Cg N>m Zo `h nm`m {H$ Cgr {~~ H$mo Xgao XnU go \$moH${gV H$aZo Ho$ {bE Cgo
XnU H$mo nX} go Xa hQ>mZm nS>m & CgHo$ Bg ojU go `h {ZH$f {ZH$mbm Om gH$Vm h {H$
Cgo {XE JE XmoZm| Jmobr` XnU (ghr {dH$n Mw{ZE)
(A)
AdVb Wo VWm F1 < F2
(B)
AdVb Wo VWm F1 > F2
(C)
Cmb Wo VWm F1 < F2
(D)
Cmb Wo VWm F1 > F2
A student has obtained an image of a well-illuminated distant object on a
screen to determine the focal length, F1 of the given spherical mirror. The
teacher then gave him another mirror of focal length, F2 and asked him
to obtain a focussed image of the same object on the same screen. The
student found that in order to focus the same object using the second
mirror, he has to move the mirror away from the screen. From this
observation it may be concluded that both the spherical mirrors given to
the student were (select the correct option)
(A)
Concave and F1 < F2

31/2

(B)
(C)

Concave and F1 > F2


Convex and F1 < F2

(D)

Convex and F1 > F2


12

27.

H$moB N>m 18 cm \$moH$g Xar Ho$ Cmb bog H$m Cn`moJ, b|g go {~~ H$s {d{^ X [a`m| Ho$
{V{~~ ~ZZo H$m A``Z H$a ahm h & dh ojU H$aVm h {H$ O~ dh {~~ H$mo b|g go
27 cm Xar na aIVm h, Vmo {V{~~ bog Ho$ Xgar Amoa 54 cm Xar na ~ZVm h &
{ZZ{b{IV AmaoI _| go CZ VrZ {H$aUmo H$mo Mw{ZE Omo H$me Ho$ AndVZ Ho$ {Z`_m| H$m
nmbZ H$aVr h Ama {OZH$m Cn`moJ gJV {H$aU AmaoI ItMZo Ho$ {bE [H$`m Om gH$Vm
h &

(A)

1, 2 Ama 4

(B)

1, 3 Ama 5

(C)

2, 4 Ama 5

(D)

2, 3 Ama 4

vikas dabas
A student is using a convex lens of focal length 18 cm to study the image
formation by it for the various positions of the object. He observes that
when he places the object at 27 cm, the location of the image is at 54 cm
on the other side of the lens. Identify from the following diagram the
three rays that are obeying the laws of refraction and may be used to
draw the corresponding ray diagram.

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
31/2

1, 2 and 4
1, 3 and 5
2, 4 and 5
2, 3 and 4
13

P.T.O.

28.

H$moB N>m 10 cm \$moH$g Xar Ho$ Cmb b|g H$m Cn`moJ H$aHo$ {~~ H$s {d{^ X[a`m| Ho$
{bE Cmb b|g mam ~ZZo dmbo {V{~~m| H$m A``Z H$a ahm h & {H$gr EH$ ojU _| dh
`h nm gH$Vm h {H$ O~ {~~ b|g go 20 cm Xar na aIm h, Vmo CgH$m {V{~~ ~ZVm h
(ghr {dH$n Mw{ZE)
(A)

b|g Ho$ Xgar Amoa


h &

20 cm Xar

na Ama `h g_mZ AmH$ma H$m, dmV{dH$ Ama grYm

(B)

b|g Ho$ Xgar Amoa

40 cm Xar

na Ama `h Amd{YV, dmV{dH$ Ama CQ>m h &

(C)

b|g Ho$ Xgar Amoa


h &

20 cm Xar

na Ama `h g_mZ AmH$ma H$m, dmV{dH$ Ama CQ>m

(D)

b|g Ho$ Xgar Amoa


h &

20 cm

Xar na Ama `h g_mZ AmH$ma H$m, Am^mgr Ama grYm

vikas dabas
A student is using a convex lens of focal length 10 cm to study the image
formation by a convex lens for the various positions of the object. In one
of his observations, he may observe that when the object is placed at a

distance of 20 cm from the lens, its image is formed at (select the correct
option)
(A)

20 cm on the other side of the lens and is of the same size, real and
erect.

(B)

40 cm on the other side of the lens and is magnified, real and


inverted.

(C)

20 cm on the other side of the lens and is of the same size, real and
inverted.

(D)

20 cm on the other side of the lens and is of the same size, virtual
and erect.

31/2

14

29.

{ZZ{b{IV AmaoI _| H$mM Ho$ {_ go hmoH$a JwOaZo dmbr {H$gr H$me {H$aU H$m nW
Xem`m J`m h :

Bg AmaoI _| AmnVZ H$moU, {ZJV H$moU VWm {dMbZ H$moU H$_e: {H$Z Ajam| mam
{Z${nV {H$E JE h ? (ghr {dH$n Mw{ZE)
(A)
X, R Ama T
(B)
Y, Q Ama T
(C)
X, Q Ama P
(D)
Y, Q Ama P

vikas dabas
In the following diagram, the path of a ray of light passing through a
glass prism is shown :

In this diagram the angle of incidence, the angle of emergence and the
angle of deviation respectively are (select the correct option) :

31/2

(A)

X, R and T

(B)

Y, Q and T

(C)

X, Q and P

(D)

Y, Q and P
15

P.T.O.

30.

{ZZ{b{IV {Mmo H$mo A``Z H$s{OE {OZ_| Mma N>mm| P, Q, R Ama S mam {H$gr H$mM
Ho$ {_ go hmoH$a JwOaZo dmbr H$me {H$aU Ho$ Ambo{IV nW XemE JE h :

ghr nW Ambo{IV H$aZo dmbm N>m h


(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

vikas dabas
Study the following diagrams in which the path of a ray of light passing
through a glass prism as traced by four students P, Q, R and S is shown :

The student who has traced the path correctly is

31/2

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

S
16

31.

H$moB N>m H$mM H$s Am`VmH$ma {gr go hmoH$a JwOaZo dmbr H$me {H$aU H$m nW Ambo{IV
H$a Cg na ZrMo {XE AZwgma AmnVZ H$moU i, AndVZ H$moU r VWm {ZJV H$moU e A{H$V
H$aVm h &

BZ_| go ghr A{H$V H$moU h/h


(A)
Ho$db i
(B)
Ho$db e
(C)
Ho$db r
(D)
i Ama e

vikas dabas
A student traces the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular
glass slab and marks the angle of incidence i, angle of refraction r and
angle of emergence e, as shown.

The correctly marked angle(s) is/are


(A)
i only
(B)
e only
(C)
r only
(D)
i and e
31/2

17

P.T.O.

32.

Mma {^ _mZ dmbo AmnVZ H$moU H$s H$me {H$aUm| H$m, H$mM H$s Am`VmH$ma {gr go
hmoH$a JwOaZo na, nW H$m AmboIZ H$aZo Ho$ nMmV, {H$gr N>m Zo AnZo ojUm| H$mo gmaUr
Ho$ $n _| {ZZ H$ma Xem`m :
H$_ g`m

30

19

29

II

40

28

40

III

50

36

50

IV

60

40

59
1

BZ_| gdmom_ ojU h


(A)

(B)

II

(C)

III

vikas dabas
(D)

IV

After tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular


glass slab for four different values of the angle of incidence, a student
reported his observations in tabular form as given below :
S. No.

30

19

29

II

40

28

40

III

50

36

50

IV

60

40

59

The best observation is

31/2

(A)

(B)

II

(C)

III

(D)

IV
18

33.

{ZZ{b{IV {H$gr [~rOnr ~rO Ho$ ^yU H$s gaMZm Ho$ AmaoI _| BgHo$ A{H$V ^mJ
Ama III H$_dma `m h ?

(A)

mHw$a, ~rOn, _ybmHw$a

(B)

mHw$a, _ybmHw$a, ~rOn

(C)

~rOn, mHw$a, _ybmHw$a

(D)

_ybmHw$a, mHw$a, ~rOn

I, II
1

In the following diagram showing the structure of embryo of a dicot seed,


what are the parts marked I, II and III sequentially ?

vikas dabas
34.

(A)

Plumule, Cotyledon, Radicle

(B)

Plumule, Radicle, Cotyledon

(C)

Cotyledon, Plumule, Radicle

(D)

Radicle, Plumule, Cotyledon

{ZZ{b{IV Xmo gpO`m| H$m H$mZ-gm OmoS>m g_OmV gaMZmAm| H$m ghr {Z$nU H$aVm h
(A)
eH$aH$Xr Ama Amby
(B)
eH$aH$Xr Ama Q>_mQ>a
(C)
JmOa Ama Amby
(D)
_ybr Ama JmOa

Which of the following pairs of two vegetables represents the correct


homologous structures ?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
31/2

Sweet potato and potato


Sweet potato and tomato
Carrot and potato
Radish and carrot
19

P.T.O.

35.

{ZZ{b{IV H$WZm| H$m A``Z H$s{OE :


I.
njr Ho$ nI Ama M_JmXS> Ho$ nI g_OmV AJ h &
II.
njr Ho$ nI Ama H$sQ>m| Ho$ nI $nmV[aV AJnmX h &
III. njr Ho$ nI Ama H$sQ>m| Ho$ nI g_d{m AJ h &
IV.
njr Ho$ nI Ama KmoS>o Ho$ AJnmX g_OmV AJ h &
BZ_| ghr H$WZ h
(A)
I Ama II
(B) II Ama III
(C)
III Ama IV
(D) I Ama IV

Study the following statements :


I.
Wings of birds and wings of bats are homologous organs.
II.
Wings of birds and wings of insects are modified forelimbs.
III. Wings of birds and wings of insects are analogous organs.
IV.
Wings of birds and forelimbs of horse are homologous organs.
The correct statements are

36.

(A)

I and II

(B)

II and III

(C)

III and IV

(D)

I and IV

vikas dabas
O~ Amn `rQ> _| _wHw$bZ Ho$ {d{^ MaUm| H$mo XemVr hB bmBS> H$m A``Z H$aVo h, Vmo
Cg g_` Amn {ZZ{b{IV MaUm| H$m ojU H$aVo h :
I.
_wHw$b OZH$ H$m` go nWH$ hmo ahm h Ama Z`r `pQ> _| {dH${gV hmo ahm h &
II.
_wHw$b H$m` {dH${gV hmoVr h Ama Cggo A` {eew _wHw$b H$m CXJ_ hmoVm h &
III. OZH$ H$mo{eH$m H$s H$m` go {H$gr ^r {Xem _| _wHw$b ~mha AmVm h &
IV.
Bg H$ma `o EH$ H$mbmoZr (_S>b) ~Zm boVo h &
Cn`w$ MaUm| H$m ghr H$_ h

(A)
II, I, III, IV
(B) II, III, I, IV
(C)
III, II, I, IV
(D) III, I, II, IV
When you study a slide showing different stages of budding in yeast, you
observe the following stages :
I.
The bud may get separated from the parent body and develop into
a new individual.
II.
The body of the bud develops and gives rise to another baby bud.
III. A bud comes out in any direction from the body of the parent cell.
IV.
Thus they may form a colony.
The proper sequence of the above stages is
(A)
II, I, III, IV
(B) II, III, I, IV
(C)
III, II, I, IV
(D) III, I, II, IV
31/2

20

37.

{H$gr N>m H$mo A_r~m _| [IS>Z Ho$ {d{^ MaUm| H$mo XemZo dmbr V`ma bmBS> H$mo
AnZo g`w$ gy_Xeu _| \$moH${gV H$aZm h & BgHo$ {bE Cgo {OZ g^d MaUmo H$m nmbZ
H$aZm h do A`dpWV H$_ _| ZrMo {XE JE h :
I.

gy_Xeu Ho$ S>m`m\$m_ Ama XnU H$mo Bg H$ma g_m`mo{OV H$s{OE {H$ bmBS> H$mo
Xr H$aZo Ho$ {bE n`m H$me doe H$a gHo$ &

II.

_M (Q>oO) na bmBS> H$mo gmdYmZrnydH$ bJmBE &

III.

gy_Xeu H$mo C e{$ na g_m`mo{OV H$aHo$ \$moH${gV H$s{OE &

IV.

gy_Xeu H$mo {ZZ e{$ na g_m`mo{OV H$aHo$ \$moH${gV H$s{OE &


1

gy_Xer _| bmBS> Ho$ ojU Ho$ {bE Cn`w$ MaUm| H$m ghr H$_ h
(A)

I, II, IV, III

(B)

II, I, IV, III

(C)

II, IV, I, III

(D)

I, IV, II, III

vikas dabas
A student has to focus his compound microscope to observe a prepared
slide showing different stages of binary fission in Amoeba. The steps he is
likely to follow are listed below in a haphazard manner :
I.

Adjust the diaphragm and the mirror of the microscope so that


sufficient light may enter to illuminate the slide.

II.

Fix the slide on the stage carefully.

III.

Adjust the microscope to high power and focus.

IV.

Adjust the microscope to low power and focus.

The correct sequence of the above steps to observe the slide under the
microscope is

31/2

(A)

I, II, IV, III

(B)

II, I, IV, III

(C)

II, IV, I, III

(D)

I, IV, II, III


21

P.T.O.

38.

{H$gr ~Vr _| `moJ H$aZo Ho$ {bE Amd`H$ H$R>moa Ob CnbY Zht h & naVw Hy$b H$s
`moJembm _| {ZZ{b{IV bdU CnbY h :
1.
gmo{S>`_ g\o$Q>
2.
H$pg`_ g\o$Q
3.
_Zr{e`_ bmoamBS>
4.
gmo{S>`_ bmoamBS>
5.
H$pg`_ bmoamBS>
6.
nmoQ>{e`_ g\o$Q>
`moJ Ho$ {bE H$R>moa Ob m H$aZo Ho$ {bE Ob _| Cn`w$ bdUm| _| go {H$ho Kmobm Om
gH$Vm h ?
(A)
2, 3 Ama 5
(B)
1, 2 Ama 5
(C)
1, 2, 4 Ama 6
(D)
Ho$db 3 Ama 5

vikas dabas
In a locality, hard water, required for an experiment, is not available.
However, the following salts are available in the school laboratory :
1.

Sodium sulphate

2.

Calcium sulphate

3.

Magnesium chloride

4.

Sodium chloride

5.

Calcium chloride

6.

Potassium sulphate

Which of the above salts may be dissolved in water to obtain hard water
for the experiment ?

31/2

(A)

2, 3 and 5

(B)

1, 2 and 5

(C)

1, 2, 4 and 6

(D)

3 and 5 only

22

39.

H$moB N>m EH$ ewH$ naIZbr _| bJ^J 2 mL EWoZmBH$ Ab boH$a Cg_| EH$ MwQ>H$s
gmo{S>`_ hmBS>moOZ H$m~moZoQ> {_bmVm h & BgHo$ nMmV dh {ZZ{b{IV ojU ZmoQ> H$aVm
h :
I.
VwaV hr ~wX~wXmhQ> Ho$ gmW H$moB aJhrZ Ama JYhrZ Jg {ZH$bVr h &
II.
`h Jg MyZo Ho$ nmZr _| JwOmao OmZo na Cgo X{Y`m H$a XoVr h &
III. ObVr {N>nQ>r H$mo Bg Jg Ho$ {ZH$Q> bmZo na `h Jg {d\$moQ> Ho$ gmW ObVr h &
IV.
O~ ObVr {N>nQ>r H$mo Bg Jg Ho$ {ZH$Q> bmVo h Vmo dh {N>nQ>r ~wP OmVr h &
1

BZ_| ghr ojU h


(A)
I, II Ama III
(B)
II, III Ama IV
(C)
III, IV Ama I
(D)
I, II Ama IV
A student takes about 2 mL ethanoic acid in a dry test tube and adds a
pinch of sodium hydrogen carbonate to it. He reports the following
observations :
I.
Immediately a colourless and odourless gas evolves with a brisk
effervescence.
II.
The gas turns lime water milky when passed through it.
III. The gas burns with an explosion when a burning splinter is
brought near it.
IV.
The gas extinguishes the burning splinter that is brought near it.

vikas dabas
The correct observations are
(A)
I, II and III
(B)
II, III and IV
(C)
III, IV and I
(D)
I, II and IV
40.

31/2

EWoZmBH$ Ab Ho$ JwUY_mo H$m A``Z H$aZo Ho$ {bE EH$ `moJ _| H$moB N>m EH$ ewH$
naIZbr _| bJ^J 3 mL EWoZmBH$ Ab boVm h & dh Bg naIZbr _| BVZr hr _mm _|
AmgwV Ob {_bmH$a, naIZbr H$mo ^br-^m{V {hbmVm h & Hw$N> g_` nMmV ojU H$aZo
na dh N>m nmEJm {H$
(A)
naIZbr _| EH$ H$mobmBS> ~Z J`m h &
(B)
EWoZmBH$ Ab Ob _| AmgmZr go Kwb J`m h &
(C)
{db`Z hH$m ZmaJr hmo J`m h &
(D)
EWoZmBH$ Ab H$s gVh Ho$ D$na Ob Va ahm h &
23

P.T.O.

In an experiment to study the properties of ethanoic acid, a student takes


about 3 mL of ethanoic acid in a dry test tube. He adds an equal amount
of distilled water to it and shakes the test tube well. After some time he
is likely to observe that
(A)
a colloid is formed in the test tube.
(B)
the ethanoic acid dissolves readily in water.
(C)
the solution becomes light orange.
(D)
water floats over the surface of ethanoic acid.
41.

h_o gm~wZrH$aU A{^{H$`m H$m A``Z H$aZo Ho$ {bE 20% Obr` gmo{S>`_ hmBS>mgmBS>
{db`Z Mm{hE & O~ h_ R>mog gmo{S>`_ hmBS>mgmBS> H$s ~moVb H$m T>$Z ImobVo h, Vmo
h_ Bgo {H$g d$n _| nmVo h ?
(A)
aJhrZ nmaXeu _{UH$m (~rS>)
(B)
N>moQ>r doV _{UH$m (~rS>)
(C)
doV Jw{Q>H$mE/nn{S>`m
(D)
doV _hrZ MyU

We need 20% aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide for the study of


saponification reaction. When we open the lid of the bottle containing
solid sodium hydroxide we observe it in which form ?
(A)
Colourless transparent beads
(B)
Small white beads
(C)
White pellets/flakes
(D)
Fine white powder

42.

vikas dabas
gm~wZrH$aU A{^{H$`m H$m A``Z H$aVo g_` H$moB N>m A{^{H$`m {_lU H$m Vmn _mnVm
h Ama gmW hr dh Zrbo/bmb {bQ>_g n mam Cg {_lU H$s H${V ^r kmV H$aVm h &
CgHo$ ojUm| Ho$ AmYma na ghr {ZH$f `m hmoJm ?
(A)
A{^{H$`m D$_mjonr h Ama A{^{H$`m {_lU Abr` h &
(B)
A{^{H$`m D$_memofr h Ama A{^{H$`m {_lU Abr` h &
(C)
A{^{H$`m D$_memofr h Ama A{^{H$`m {_lU jmar` h &
(D)
A{^{H$`m D$_mjonr h Ama A{^{H$`m {_lU jmar` h &
While studying saponification reaction, a student
measures the
temperature of the reaction mixture and also finds its nature using
blue/red litmus paper. On the basis of his observations the correct
conclusion would be
(A)
the reaction is exothermic and the reaction mixture is acidic.
(B)
the reaction is endothermic and the reaction mixture is acidic.
(C)
the reaction is endothermic and the reaction mixture is basic.
(D)
the reaction is exothermic and the reaction mixture is basic.

31/2

24