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QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY

673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City


College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering

Limiting Load Power Consumption Device through GSM

Hallig, Jhon Roy R.


Pelgone, John Alvin C.
Fajardo, Roldan A.
Corales, abegail C.
Simpia, Ma.Rochelle R.
Vargas, Ron Eleazar C.

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering

Chapter 1

Introduction and Background of the Study

1.1 Background of the Study


As predicted, the Philippines are heading into a summer power crisis. One peculiarity of
the widespread use of English in the Philippines is the mismatch between seasonal names and the
months of the year. The Philippine term for this period is literally time of heat but among English
speakers this is summer, rather to the bemusement of Americans who associate that term with
June through August. Energy crisis is a major problem being faced by the government,
researchers and Engineers in the Philippines and other countries in the world. Since it is a
necessity to human and animals, we cannot ignore this issue as it will massively affect the lives,
operations on daily basis and life supports of all the living things in an area particularly in the
Philippines. Introducing a new kind of renewable energy resources would serve as a big hand not
only to make peoples lives easier but also to mold the situation of the future in all terms:
Technological, agriculture, industrial operations, scientific knowledge or information and any
other aspects that may relate.
The main response to the predicted shortages has been the Interruptible Load Program
(ILP). This enrolls large establishments who have their own generators (shopping malls, office

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
buildings, factories) to voluntarily interrupt their power from the main grid and start running
their generators when a shortage is predicted. The concept is that if an outage occurred they
would have to do so anyway, so it is more socially and economically beneficial to do this in a
planned fashion. Though the details of compensation its source and amount have not been
finalized, many firms have signed up. Some private sector economists feel this will be sufficient.
Others are not so sanguine, including the governments Department of Energy. Thus, last year,
the administration of President Noynoy Aquino requested a joint congressional resolution
granting him emergency powers for a limited time period to fast-track contracts for new power
generation. The proposal was controversial naturally the political opposition was suspicious of
increased presidential powers; some felt that since the ILP was in place it was not necessary, and
others recalled the Ramos example as yielding high-priced power. [S. Rood, 2015, J. Prsha,
2011]
The Philippines high electricity rates have not only hurt ordinary consumers, but have
also served as among the biggest barriers against investments in the country. Analysts say that
what the Philippines needs the most is not more privatization and economic liberalization which
have actually exacerbated rather than ameliorated the country's structural economic weaknesses
since the 1990s. What the country needs is a stronger state that (a) can bust oligarchic collusion,
and (b) protect the interest of the consumers and productive sectors of the economy.

This feeds into the discourse about a power shortage of another kind the allegedly
waning power of President Aquino. Last year there were controversies about pork barrel funding
through legislative-executive collaboration, and a flexible executive budgetary process

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
(the Disbursement Acceleration Program), both of which were declared unconstitutional by the
Supreme Court. Many warned that without these political tools the presidents influence over the
legislative. [S. Rood, 2015, J. Prsha, 2011]

What we see today in the Philippines is more a country that has come to confront its
internal demons than an emerging market firmly placed on an inexorable tiger road. Nothing
underscores this complex picture more than the latest uproar over an alleged collusion among
power-generating companies to introduce a further hike in electricity prices. To put things into
perspective, the Philippines already has Asia's most expensive electricity rates, even higher than
post-Fukushima Japan. Such prohibitive rates have not only hurt ordinary consumers, but have
also served as among the strongest disincentives against manufacturing investments in the
country. [R. J. Heydarian, 2014]
But there is a deeper lesson to draw from the Philippines' power-generation predicament.
Contrary to the conventional analysis forwarded by most analysts, including Karen Brooks, what
the Philippines needs the most is not more privatization and economic liberalization per se -which have actually exacerbated rather than ameliorated the country's structural economic
weaknesses since the 1990s -- but instead a stronger state that (a) can bust oligarchic collusion,
and (b) protect the interest of the consumers and productive sectors of the economy. And we
won't have a dramatic turnabout in the Philippines' economic fortunes unless the Aquino
administration and its successors fully internalize the indispensable role of the state, which

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
ranges from ensuring the rule of law to protecting strategic sectors of the economy against
special interest, even in an era of economic globalization. [R. J. Heydarian, 2014]

The Wholesale Electricity Spot Market (WESM), on the other hand, which commenced
its Visayas WESM in early 2011. By October 2012, the integrated WESM had a total of 124
participants comprised of 54 generating companies and 47 customer trading participants
comprised of six Private Distribution Utilities (PDUs), 26 Electric Cooperatives (ECs), 13 bulk
end-users and seven wholesale aggregators. Approximately 2,636GWH, translating to 9.2
percent of the total energy consumed in the Luzon and Visayas regions, were traded in the
WESM from October 2011 to April 2012, while the remaining 90.8 percent of the total volume
was transacted and settled outside the market. [R. G. Manabat, 2013-2014]

Our shortage of electricity is a real, serious problem that we cannot downplay. But if we
focus exclusively on it, we run the risk of seeing just the trees and not the forest. That was what
then energy undersecretary Rufino Bomasang told participants of a media briefing on business
and economics reporting convened by the Press Foundation of Asia at Los Baos, Laguna almost
two decades ago. Today, the scenario has not changed. In an article which appeared in Business
Mirror, Adam Jones wrote: As it stands, the (Philippines) relies heavily on outside sources of
energy, which account for roughly 65 percent of its energy needs. However, despite slowing
industrial demand for power, some industry insiders still believe the country could face a power
shortage of 3000 megawatts by 2012. Speaking in London in June 1997, then British
environment minister Michael Meacher said: Energy policies should be designed to promote

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
cleaner, more efficient energy use and production. We want a new and strong drive to develop
renewable energy sources. Doing so will create jobs, win exports and protect the environment.
Jones agrees. As the Philippines continue to pursue a path of global competitiveness, it is
becoming evident that securing an adequate energy supply will be ever more critical to its
growing industries. Harnessing renewable energy will surely play a larger role in the years to
come. The practice of converting resources into electrical energy arose for many reasons. In
some cases, it was not possible to make effective use of certain energy sources except by
converting them to electricity.[ J. V. Capuno, 2011]

As for our project, the load power control, it can manipulate the on and off system of
each appliances that are connected to the device via text message using GSM module. This
project can help out in terms of power saving or power consumption because it limits the
allowable power to distribute in every load, it also make sure that no load will overheat. Occur
because all of the load that are connected to device can virtually control and will shut down once
it detects overload and high power consumption than the allowable power to use. The user can
send message to the device according to its code and the device connected on a particular outlet
to turn on or off. On the other hand the device can also send message to the user to inform that
the power consumption is high or if the system is overload.

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering

1.2 Conceptual Framework


This study presents an innovated Wireless Load power Control Device using GSM
module. The device is consists of Arduino, GSM shield, relay circuit, power analyzer, and LCD.
Arduino is used as a microcontroller to process the received data from the power reading circuit
(power analyzer), so that the user can decide whether to limit the load or not by sending a text
message to the GSM Shield attach in the device and then the output signal is sent for on/off relay
switch. The users can check out the meter reading in two ways, either on the LCD screen in the
device or through SMS feedback from the GSM module.

Figure 1-1: Conceptual Framework


Diagram

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering

1.3 Objectives
INPUT

PROCESS

OUTPUT

To reduce the power consumption in a household, office and any other applications.
KNOWLEDGE
To avoid overloading that may cause fire.
To limit the
allowance
wattage and
save power.
Electronic
Device
&
LIMITING LOAD
toCreating
a system
Circuit
To eliminate
the need of being physically
present
POWER the
Analysis
design
blockin any location for tasks involving
Programming
CONSUMPTION
diagram, schematics,
operation
of
appliances
within
a
household/office.
DEVICE
Languages
and layouts.
Digital And Data
Assembly languages
THROUGH GSM
Communication
for Arduino
1.4 Statement
of the Problem
Microcontrollers
MATERIALS
Testing software
How to minimize power and time wastage using this product?
applications
Arduino
How to use GSM device interfaces with microcontroller in sending SMS?
Testing of sensors,
GSM
Howshield
can the user check the power status connected to the device?
processors, displays
LCD
display
How the user can enable the supply of power once it shut down due to overloading of
and drivers.
5v Power supply

appliancesfilters
connected to the device?
Electronic
Relays and drivers
3A/12V-0V-12V
center tapped
transformer

TOOLS AND
EQUIPMENTS

Computer
Embedded
Equipment
Oscilloscope
Measuring
instruments
Power supply

1.5 Significance of the Study

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
The reason why this study is vital can be explained in some aspects.
For Parents
The findings of this research will rebound to the benefit of the society especially
for the parents usually away from their houses and live their children freely operating
their home appliances. This can operate everywhere you are as long as you have your
cellular phone. Even when you are working away from your home, everything plug unto
this device can be control by the users which can prevent over usage that can cause fire
and ends one life.
In Environment
Energy saving is very important, to save money, to reduce greenhouse gas
emissions, and also to reduce air pollution. This device has a technology that can monitor
power consumption of anything plug unto it and limits its consumption, for that it will
help to save energy.
Academic
This study will help find much innovated load power control device, and to make
our student think and explore their mind by the help of the concept of this study.

1.6 Scope and Delimitation

SCOPE

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering

The future implications of the project are very great considering the amount of time and

resources it saves.
This project work is complete on its own in remotely and automatically switching on and
off of an electrical appliance not limited to household appliances, and sends a feedback

message indicating the new present state of the appliance.


This study approach for designing and command from a cellular phone over the GSM
network. The microcontroller then will carry out the issued commands and then
communicate the status of a given appliances or device back to the cellular phone.

DELIMITATION

It cannot send messages to the other phones that are not default in the program.
The time for the device to response is not fixed to a certain seconds.
The user must reload the number of the GSM because this is most likely covers up the
features of a cellphone that can send and receive text messages and you have to reload it
in order for the device to response.

1.7 Definition of Terms


To understand and clarify the terms used in the study, the following are hereby defined:

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
Arduino-is a single-board microcontroller, intended to make the application of interactive
objects or environments more accessible. The hardware consists of an open-source hardware
board designed around an 8-bit Atmel AVR microcontroller, or a 32-bit Atmel ARM.
Electronic filters-Are circuits which perform signal processing functions, specifically to remove
unwanted frequency components from the signal, to enhance wanted ones, or both.
GSM Modem-is a specialized type of modem which accepts a SIM card, and operates over a
subscription to a mobile operator, just like a mobile phone. From the mobile operator
perspective, a GSM modem looks just like a mobile phone.
LCD Display (liquid crystal display)- is the technology used for displays in notebook and other
smaller computers. Like light-emitting diode (LED) and gas-plasma technologies, LCDs allow
displays to be much thinner than cathode ray tube (CRT) technology.
Microcontroller- is a small computer (SoC) on a single integrated circuit containing a processor
core, memory, and programmable input/output peripherals. Program memory in the form of
Ferroelectric RAM, NOR flash or OTP ROM is also often included on chip, as well as a typically
small amount of RAM.

Oscillator -Is a mechanical or electronic device that works on the principles of oscillation: a
Periodic fluctuation between two things based on changes in energy.

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
Power Analyzer- accurately measure electrical power characteristics of devices that generate,
transform, or consume electricity. Power analyzers, also called power meters or wattmeters,
provide precise measurements of true power (watts), power factor, harmonics and efficiency in
inverters, motor drives, lighting, home appliances, office equipment, power supplies, and
industrial machinery.
Power Supply-is an electronic device that supplies electric energy to an electrical load. The
primary function of a power supply is to convert one form of electrical energy to another and, as
a result, power supplies are sometimes referred to as electric power converters.
Relay-is an electrically operated switch. Many relays use an electromagnet to mechanically
operate a switch, but other operating principles are also used, such as solid-state relays. Relays
are used where it is necessary to control a circuit by a low-power signal (with complete electrical
isolation between control and controlled circuits), or where several circuits must be controlled by
one signal.
Transformer-is an electrical device that transfers electrical energy between two or more circuits
through electromagnetic induction. Electromagnetic induction produces an electromotive force
across a conductor which is exposed to time varying magnetic fields..

Chapter 2

Review of Related Literature

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering

2.1 Foreign Studies


According in [S. Ouitrakul, S. Watanasophon] the paper presents Wireless Load Control Device
(WLCD) using GSM module. The WLCD consists of PIC18F4550, GSM Module, relay circuit,
keypad, and LCD. PIC18F4550 is used as a microcontroller to process the received data and then
the output signal is sent for on/off relay switch. The users can on/off load in two ways, either
keypad or short message service (SMS). The WLCD can control three loads and the current
status of each load is displayed on the LCD. A working prototype of WLCD was built to
demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of on/off load control through the GSM network.

In [R. G. Sarangle, U. P. Khot, J. Modi] the present system of energy billing is error prone and
also time and labor consuming. Errors get introduced at every stage of energy billing like errors
with electro-mechanical meters, human errors while noting down the meter reading, and errors
while processing the paid bills and the due bills. The home appliances which consume more
power cause an increase in the payment of excessive bills. The remedy for all these problems
GPMC (GSM based power meter and control system) is developed which consist of the
integration of a single phase Class 1, IEC61036, standard compliance digital kWh power meter.
It will keep track of the meter reading of each day and the reading with the user identification
number send it to the user as well as to the electricity department and Electricity e-Billing system
associated with electricity department will keep the track of each SMS meter reading and the
appropriate bill get generated at the last day of the month and the bill is forwarded to user from

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
the server. So there is no chance of confusion to the user for paying the bill. The GPMC also
feature distribution control system which controls the power of the appliances remotely.

In [T. Ismail , D. karki , Z. Mollick , S. D. , M. Deka] the remote power distribution system using
GSM aims to design and implement efficient and cost effective solution for replacing the manual
process of power cut/load shedding from a centralized location. It consists of two GSM modems,
one at the control station and the other one connected to the transformer from where the
electricity is divided into certain branches in an area. Here the control station modem utilizes
GSM network to turn a branch line of a transformer either on/off. It also consists of a LCD
display which displays the state of the channel/branches of the transformer as either on/off. In
case of network failure, a set of manual switches are also there to turn on/off the channels
manually. Electromagnetic relays are used as circuit breakers.

In [A. A. Uddin, K. M. Shahriar, A. Mohammed, R. M. Mahbubur] the application of computer


interfaced controlling devices increasingly rapidly in modem age. Analogous wired systems are
substituted by computer interfaced system alternatives in growing number of industries. Such
control systems had been developed with complex and critical high-end stuffs. In this paper, we
developed an automated system that controls the switching of electric feeder power supply
featuring the existing GSM technology. The target is to operate the device according to a preset
sequence of on-off mode for three feeders after a particular time interval and to monitor the
running condition. The device sends short message updating the status of every action. It also

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
warms the consumers about load shedding using GSM module via sending message. Controlling
the gate pulse of a MOSFET that operates the relay, it executes on-off operation of the circuit
breaker of the respective feeders. Since GSM technology is used worldwide for communication,
third world countries that are still struggling to meet the power demand can use this technology
to operate and monitor the condition of power distribution. To operate the GSM device, AT
command of GSM location operation for SIM900 is used. This paper targets to improve the
power distributing system in developing countries like India, Bangladesh, Nepal where power
crisis load shedding quite a common phenomenon.

In [S. Sukhumar, P. M. Aravind, L. Manivannan , P. N. Kumar and N. Su. Vanitha] this paper
presents the development of Automatic Trip Control System for Energy Management using
GSM. The proposed system monitors the usage level of electricity of every consumer at all the
time. During excess of electrical energy used by consumer, the system will give the alerts
through an alarm circuit. After the alarm circuit, the consumer has to take an alternative solution
to cut-off excess supply from the Electricity Board (EB) to stop alarming. Otherwise, the circuit
breaker will come into OFF position and the supply will be tripping-off coming from EB. The
information about the particular consumer will be sent to EB through GSM (Global System for
Mobile Communication Network).Then, the consumer has to give the requisition to EB for
making the circuit breaker coming into normal with the help of PIC microcontroller, which is
programmed to monitor the parameters of electrical energy. This system helps for illegal usage of
electricity, monitoring the energy, maintaining data on tariff etc. The implementation and
demonstration of the system were made.

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering

In [M. Sarsamba ,P. Sangulagi, R. Yanamshetty] the load monitoring and protection on electrical
power lines are important factors in Electricity Field. The Paper proposes a monitoring of Load
and Power lines using SMS based GSM Technology. The Proposed methodology is designed and
implemented using mobile embedded system to monitor and record load fluctuations with
respect to current and voltage in electric power lines and it also controls the same when line
breaks during high load. The proposed on-line monitoring system integrates a Global Service
Mobile (GSM) Modem; withstand along single chip microcontroller and sensor packages. It is
installed at the site and above mentioned parameter are recorded using -in -8-channel analog to
digital convert (ADC) of the embedded system .The acquired parameters are processed and
recorded in the system memory. If there is any abnormality according to some predefined
instruction and policies that are stored on the embedded system EEPROM then GSM alerts to
concerned control room immediately. This mobile system will help the utilities to optimally
utilize the protection of power line and identify problems before any catastrophic failure. This
system provides flexible control of load parameters accurately and also provides effective means
for rectification of faults if any abnormality occurs in power lines using SMS through GSM
network.

In [A. Sachan] this project is also designed to protect the electrical circuitry by operating an
Electromagnetic Relay. This Relay gets activated whenever the electrical parameters exceed the
predefined values. The Relay can be used to operate a Circuit Breaker to switch off the main

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
electrical supply. User can send commands in the form of SMS messages to read the remote
electrical parameters. This system also can automatically send the real time electrical parameters
periodically (based on time settings) in the form of SMS. This system can be designed to send
SMS alerts whenever the Circuit Breaker trips or whenever the Voltage or Current exceeds the
predefined limits. This project makes use of an onboard computer which is commonly termed as
microcontroller. This onboard computer can efficiently communicate with the different sensors
being used. The controller is provided with some internal memory to hold the code. This memory
is used to dump some set of assembly instructions into the controller. And the functioning of the
controller is dependent on these assembly instructions. The controller is programmed using
Embedded C language.

In [K. P. Satheyamoorthy Dean] the Modern world intelligent control is adopted in every field,
although the service provider for energy are still uses the conventional methods for getting the
energy consumed by the customer. The conventional method is very time consuming and
expensive which may also lead to human error. Our proposed method will automatically send the
data of the digital energy meter to the service provider with the help of the GSM modem once in
a day and hence the system will generate a report and send to the service provider once in a day
through SMS. The same system can be used to check the last reading consumed by the consumer,
when the demand request send by the user through the same methodology. It can also be used to
control the load from both the ends with the help of relay circuit. An LCD display is provided to
display the readings and to update the consumers informations such as tariff change or sudden
power cut.

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering

In [H. S. Praveenkumar, B. S. Rakesh, P. S. Preetha] Electrical energy is very important form of


energy source in present day to day life. It should be used very practical expediency for its
proper utilization. But in India we have lot of position where we have a more than necessary of
production of supply for the electricity; still many areas do not have the electrical supply for
utilization. Distribution of electrical energy are also responsible for encouragement of utilization
because we are still not able to correctly estimate our exact requirements of load by consumers
and still power theft existing at a particular time. Consumers are also not satisfied with the
service providing by the power companies. Most of Consumers have complaints regarding
Energy meter errors in their monthly bills. Energy theft is a major problem for the Electricity
board, by this Technology implementation the energy Theft completely eliminated. Through
GSM metering we can get the Energy consumed every weekly. The purpose of this project is to
Remote Network Monitoring and control of the Energy meter. The Electricity Department has
the authority to read the meter readings whenever they need without a human being visiting each
and every house. This type of energy meter reading is done by the microcontroller unit; the micro
controller continuously monitors and records the Energy Meter readings in its non-volatile
memory location in the micro controller unit. In this Project we are using of a GSM modem for
remote monitoring and control of Energy Meter by sending a SMS to the unit.

In [M. Rangwala, I. Bhabay, V. S. Sharma] these days the electricity department has to send
employees for taking meter reading every month, which is an expensive and time consuming job.

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
This project provides a convenient and efficient method to avoid this problem. The electricity
office can take the readings of consumers using GSM at their place. The desired number is auto
saved on the microcontroller over a missed call. The main objective of the project is to develop a
wireless based energy meter reading system. Also the loads can be controlled GSM using this
project. The microcontroller takes the reading from the energy meter and displays the reading on
the LCD. The reading of the energy meter is also sent to the control room by a message via GSM
modem. This GSM modem also receives commands from any cell phone to control the electrical
loads.

It

uses

standard

energy

meter

that

delivers

output pulses for microcontroller to do counting for necessary action. On receiving command it
can even switch ON/OFF the load. The power supply consists of a step down transformer
230/12V, which steps down the voltage to 12V AC. This is converted to DC using a Bridge
rectifier. The ripples are removed using a capacitive filter and it is then regulated to +5V using a
voltage regulator 7805 which is required for the operation of the microcontroller and other
components.

2.2 Local Studies


According to [http://meijielectric.ph/transformers/] the Business Dictionary, a transformer is a
device that converts an alternating (A/C) current of a certain voltage to an alternating current of
different voltage, without change of frequency, by electromagnetic induction. A step up

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
transformer receives a low voltage and converts into a higher voltage, and a step down
transformer does just the reverse.
Transformers allow you to use your 110V of appliance and 220V-240V.
The highest power of transformer 50w-750w with plastic handles. Also, it has a fuse as a
protective device for over voltage. This will be the initial warning as it blows to inform you or
the user that the ampere rating being used is more than the allowable. It also protects your
appliance against short circuits and other dangerous faults to avoid accidents like fire. We also
have a convenient switch for easier turn-on and shut-off without the need of pulling the plug
from your wall outlet.
In [R. N. Dita, P. P. C. Martinez , C. A. S Miranda] this study aims to develop an automatic water
meter reading system that will enhance the Analog water meter data collection by utilizing
wireless technology using GSM module system for data transmission to increase the range of
data transmission. It consists of the hardware and the software design. The hardware involves the
analog meter, the GSM module, the differential pressure sensor, and a desktop or a laptop. While
the software is developed in order to receive and to store data transmitted from the GSM module
into the database and output graphically. T-test will be used to conduct and to verify if the
readings from the design are comparable to the actual volume measured from the analog meter.
In [A. C. Lagula, M. Latina, A. Te, Charmaine] Home monitoring system is an effective way to
prevent many household accidents that may occur whether we are aware or not. There are a lot of
home control devices which were developed in the past. Take fire hazards for example, there are
a lot of ways for house fire to occur like overheating appliances. Fire imposes a big hazard in our

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
homes but there is a device that was built to lessen the probability of this from occurring or at
least lessen the damage done. The fire alarm works whenever there is enough smoke that goes in
the detector. It will automatically make a sound to alarm the people inside the house, some home
systems has a built-in sprinklers that works when the fire alarm activates preventing further
property destruction. There are a lot of ways of designing a home control system but at these
times, the design must be adaptable and adaptive to majority of people. Global System for
Mobile Communication (GSM) is a means of wireless communication between people. It can
also be used to communicate with devices such that it functions even if a user is not physically
present in the vicinity of the device. GSM is the most adaptable medium since it has a further
range of communication compared to Bluetooth and infrared. Moreover, it is also more
accessible than Wi-Fi since it is more widely available. A home monitoring system interfaced
with GSM poses a great advantage and convenience to the public. The user can be updated
regarding the status (ON or OFF) of his appliances which can prevent future damage. It will also
be able to alarm the user of any irregular activities of the appliances immediately even if the user
is at another place.

Chapter 3

Design Procedure

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering

3.1

Initial Planning and Data Gathering

a. Design the possible circuits which the availability of the components are
exists that are in specified application.
b. It must be include the computation in each parameter to be use for the
prototype.
c. Explore the possible circuit experiments through simulation in the software
application until it operates.
d. For internal application, design a program for the specific prototype for its
function in the microcontroller.
e. Collect the materials, the tools and equipments, and measuring instruments.
f. Prepare for the casing that exact for the circuit.

These are the process and procedures are that how does the system works. It
includes the process of the microcontroller presented in flow charts (It must be to be
follow up, presently under of investigation during design and process.)

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
3.2

Project Design

Figure 3-3 (Relays and Current Transformer with Rectification)

Figure 3-2 (LCD Module)

Figure 3-1
(PIC16F877A)

References

QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
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QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
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QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


673 Quirino Highway, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
College of Engineering
Department of Electronics Engineering
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