Understanding Ayurvedic Inhalers w.s.r.

to Tamaka Shwasa

Presented By : Guided By : Dr.Vikas Saroch Dr.R.S.HiremathM.D. P.G. Scholar Asst.Prof.

Introduction
Bronchial asthma is a common global health problem. Individuals of all ages are affected. Chronic airway disorder. Severe and occasionally fatal. Prevalence of asthama is increasing worldwide, especially in children. Mortality data from developed countries show that the rates vary from 0.1 to 0.8 per 1 Lac persons aged 5 to 34.

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Tamaka Swasa
Classified into two varieties:
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Tamaka swasa vatapradhan Tamaka swasa shlesma pradhana

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The indicators of the former are highly painful breathing with high frequency of noisy sounds, little expectoration, difficulty in expectoration, and insomnia. 4/24/10
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Inhalers / Nebulizers
Inhaled drugs are localized to the target organ, which generally allows for a lower dose than is necessary with systemic delivery. Fewer and less severe adverse effects. The 3 types of aerosol device (MDI,DPI, and nebulizer) can be clinically equivalent.
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Inhalation : Drug may be administered as solid particle (in nebulizers) either in a solution form or in a vapour form.

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As Per Classic`s
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Nasal Route Administration:

Nasya
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Buccal Route Administration

Dhumapana (Smoke/Vapours)

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Qualities of drug
As per Charaka : Bahuta, Yogata, Aneka Vidha Kalpana, Sampanna. As per Modern : Easily Available, Abundantly Available, Cost effective, Less Side Effect, Maximum Therapeutic Efficiency
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Essential oils
Known as life blood of plant Very potent Soluble in ether , alcohol and water Inhalation of steam containing essential oil is often a very effective way to treat respiratory complaints .
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Latest Researches
Role of Vit. B6, C Magnesium is co factors in over 300 biochemical process in body Vasa: Active Constituents Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Essential Oils Tylophora asthmatica : Leaves, Root Powder, Root bark Ginger root is widely known for its positive 4/24/10 UNDERSTANDING impact on inflammation.
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Essential oils of Cypress sempervirens and Origanum majorana were highly valued as medicines by ancient civilizations. Have antispasmodic activity in the RS and promote clear airways within the lungs. Essential oil (Melaleuca viridiflora) comes from the leaves of a tree used in the respiratory system. Resolves phlegm.
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Concept of DPI
Powder drug formulations are either in a pure form, mixed with an inactive excipient such as lactose. Finely milled powder particles (< 5 µm) do not flow freely Because of cohesive force and static charge. To produce suitably small drug particles, the drug must then be disaggregated by shear forces during an adequate inhalation. It is for this reason that DPIs require a relatively high inspiratory flow for drug delivery to the airways.
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Significance Of Nasal Route
Quick absorption and fast action

Poisonous drugs can not be administered by this route ,as it may reach brain.

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Further research
Establish Efficacy Of Various Ayurvedic Preparations used in asthma by good quality randomized controlled trials. Determine the Active Principles in various Ayurvedic medications. Evaluate the impact of Ayurvedic medications on the natural history.
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The review of literature highlights need for more research in utility of Ayurvedic preparations (Inhalers) in bronchial asthma. Medications and the management are not well standardized. As a large number of experimental studies have documented . Potential for discovering new compounds useful1414 in 4/24/10 UNDERSTANDING

Conclusions

THANK YOU

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