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ΠΑ

ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
ΠΑΝΑΓΙΩΤΗΣ ΛΙΑΠΗΣ

ΦΩΤΟΒΟΛΤΑΙΚΑ

Сopyright (с) 2009


ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

With lots of love dedicated


my parents, to EL_lines, to Natalia, Olga, Onder
and to my colleagues

By Price

LIAPIS Panagiotis

Author LIAPIS Panagiotis


Title PHOTOVOLTAICS RELEVANT
LEGISLATION
Addr K. Varnali 12 15121 Pine Athens
Tel 210-6149149
Mob. 6937097443
E-mail real_estate_liapis@yahoo.gr
SUPPLY 210.8065618 6937097443
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Λίγα λόγια από το συγγραφέα / Несколько слов

Friends in this textbook, and


knowledge, which keep the dusty
Greek manuscripts of Plato,
Aristotle and other ancient fotodoton
through masterfully blended events
of economy, religion, Greek history and mythology, the
confirmations of Medicine and the multidimensional social
structures you presenting with episodic manner cycles of 50
years revolutionizing the mainstream polity, destroying and
recreating periodically society when the exploitation of land
and resources from one human to reach its boiling point
that affects the nature itself. We also indicate economic
behavior with which it is possible to spend almost painlessly
through this economic tidal wave, get ready my friends for
the collapse of the dollar and mi dip without any safety net,
stories bottomless reality a series of error events on the
constellations, and possible manipulation of cosmogony,
incidents involving the Nazis and the possible bases in
space, President Obama, and the new doctrine
Panthriskeias launched in conjunction with the worship of
infernal beings are a new mirror through which can be seen
The mainstream of the current boom in the MIND
CONTROL, the chip EMV of Bill Gates on banking credit
cards, the emerging banking system in relation to economic
crashes of America, SIONISMOS and the New World Order
of the 4th Reich, and PEOPLE CLONES - Men in Black, and the CIA in
connection with the anti-government slogans and reactive walls define a new
reality, which leads to control police forces in the use of hidden centuries Sound
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Guns of the ancient Greeks, developed by the Greek National Nuclear
epistimoina C. Gkiolva. The creations of the Plan "Arrow" (sound rule) and the
sound "Artemis", as are sources on the web are presented in detail below in
relation to biological warfare aircraft from the US-spray from chemical and
microbial air over cities. By Bantouva model [the Cretan intrepidity under the
instructions of Mahatma Gandhi, is trying to minimize the harmful effects of
these anti-constitutional activities are using Genetics Industry, widespread fires,
building new towns in the concentration camps of the Reich D, applied geo-
strategic plan application of a new war in the Balkans because of Kosovo,
where the project "Blue Ray" at the upcoming mayhem at the end of 01/2010
will chrisimopoiithoun new weapons bass Police with physical effects of
radiation on the human organism KARKINOUS The whole controversy will
graduate and domination of Russia and Greece in the Balkans and the
economic and cultural status while reducing the roles and FRA Germany, and
China rising
By Price
LIAPIS Panagiotis
DON’T KILL MOSKITOES. OTHER DRINK YOUR BLOOD
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

Мои друзья в этой книге, и знания, которые держат пыльных


ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

LEGISLATION LABYRINTH

ISSUE TWO Sheet No. 592


April 1, 2009
CONTENTS
DECISIONS
Admission to firm A. & D. Karagiannis
Ltd. "with distinctive title" PREZENT Tap
"to the provisions of Law 3299/2004, as
amended, for
strengthening project with the incentive
grant ......................... 1
Admission to firm EKATE BROS OE
"with distinctive title« LINK », the
provisions of Law 3299/2004 on the
strengthening of project
the incentive
grant. ................................... 2
Admission to firm X. KOUTOULAS EU
DEVELOPMENT PRODUCTION &
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
MARKETING OF ELECTRICITY
DEVELOPMENT & REAL ESTATE FOR
SALE "and dt "C. DEVELOPMENT
KOUTOULAS EU "in the provisions of
Law 3299/2004 as in force to support a
project of the incentive
grant. ................................... 3
Inclusion of private enterprise "MAKRIS
JOHN 'and dt "IF MAKRIS. JOHN "the
provisions of Law 3299/2004, as for the
strengthening of the investment
incentive
grant. .................................................. ....
.................................... 4
Inclusion of individual enterprise
«ASSMANN KARL JURGEN» to the
provisions of Law 3299/2004, as for the
strengthening of the investment
incentive
grant. ........................................... 5
Modification of the Rules of Organization
and Operation Unified Coordination
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Centre for Research and
Rescue ...................................... .............
................................. 6
Powers of deputy 4th Y.PE. Macedonia
and
Thrace. .................................................. .
...................................... 7
Amendment of No. G.P / Economics.
8502/21.1.2009 (GG 114/t.V/27.1.2009)
decision of the Minister of Health and
Social Solidarity 'Responsibilities Deputy
2nd Y.PE. Piraeus and the Aegean Sea;
st. .................................................. .........
......................................... ............ 8
Terms and conditions for installing
photovoltaic systems support
antennas. ................................................
.. ............................ 9
Replacement of the provisions of no. V-
31367/2483/2007 (B 968) A decision of
the Minister of Transport and
Communications, "Establishment,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
operation, testing Training Schools
Transport (SEKAM) and proceeding to
test the candidate road transport of
passengers and goods, as
applicable. ................... 10
License to practice Social Worker in
Silver Bakalis Panagiotis.
.................................................. .............
................................... 11
Approval of overtime for staff DTYNA
Imathia. ..................................................
............................................... 12
Creation of posts for transporting
personnel from D.E.R.TI.P. the
municipality
Polygyros. .................................... 13
DECISIONS
(1) Admission to firm A. & D. Karagiannis
Ltd. "with distinctive title" PREZENT Tap
"to the provisions of Law 3299/2004, as
amended, to support a project with the
motive tisepichorigisis. With the No.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
15513/YPE/5/00585/E/n. 3299/2004 /
3/3/2009 decision of the Minister and the
Deputy Minister of Economy and
Finance approved the inclusion of the
provisions of Law 3299/2004, the
company 'A. & D. Karagiannis Ltd. "with
distinctive title" PREZENT Tap "for
strengthening project with the motive of
the grant, referred to the establishment
of unit supply chain in the construction
and organization of storage and
distribution center in Item Nine
Kalochoriton executed and Olympia,
Echedoros in Thessaloniki, the total
eligible costs hundred and thirty
thousand (730,000) Euros. The rate of
subsidy is 23% of the cost of subsidized
investment grants totaling one hundred
and sixty-seven thousand nine hundred
(167,900) Euros.
The investment will create five (5) new
jobs matching 5 EME.Imerominia
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
opinion of the Committee on 12/12/2008
(unanimous).
7249 Digitally signed by Theodoros
Moumouris Date: 2009.04.06 09:28:08
EEST Reason: Signed PDF (embedded)

Location: Athens, Ethniko Typografio


The summary was published in the
Official Gazette.
THE MINISTERS OF ECONOMY AND
FINANCE YFYP. ECONOMICS AND
FINANCE JOHN Athanasios
Papathanasiou BOURAS
Admission to firm EKATE BROS OE
"with distinctive title« LINK », the
provisions of Law 3299 / 2004
to support a project with the Ki-
nitro the grant.
With the No. 15282/YPE/5/00530/E/n.
3299/2004/20.3.2009 the Minister and
the Deputy Minister of Economy and
Finance approved the inclusion of the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
provisions of Law 3299/2004 to firm
EKATE BROS OE "with distinctive title«
LINK »on
strengthening project with the motive of
the grant, which refers to installing solar
power plant power 98,42 KW, Triglia in
the prefecture of Halkidiki, the total
eligible costs amount hundred and
seventeen thousand eight hundred
(617,800) Euros.
The rate of subsidy is 40% of the cost of
subsidized investment grants totaling
two hundred forty-seven thousand one
hundred and twenty (247,120) Euros.
The investment will create new jobs
Employment. Opinion of the Committee:
21/11/2008.
The summary was published in the
Journal of
Government.
THE MINISTERS OF ECONOMY AND
FINANCE YFYP. ECONOMICS AND
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
FINANCE JOHN Athanasios
Papathanasiou BOURAS

Admission to firm X. KOUTOULAS


ANAPTYXIAKIE.E. PRODUCTION &
MARKETING OF ELECTRICITY
DEVELOPMENT & REAL ESTATE FOR
SALE "and dt "C. DEVELOPMENT
KOUTOULAS EU "
the provisions of Law 3299/2004 as in
force to support a project of the incentive
grant.
With the No. 15268/YPE/5/00352/E/n.
3299/2004/20.3.2009 the Minister and
the Deputy Minister of Economy and
Finance approved the inclusion of the
provisions of Law 3299/2004, the
investment company "X. KOUTOULAS
DEVELOPMENT
EU PRODUCTION & MARKETING OF
ELECTRICITY
DEVELOPMENT & REAL ESTATE FOR
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
SALE "and
brand name "C. DEVELOPMENT
KOUTOULAS EU "
to increase investment in the spur of the
grant referred to in establishing a power
plant photovoltaic power systems 97
KW, the position Trepeza - Alykes
Ανθηδώνας the municipality, the
prefecture of Evia, total
aided expenditure amount of five
hundred forty-four thousand one
hundred forty-seven (544.147,00 €)
million, accounting for 40% subsidy
grant totaling two hundred and
seventeen thousand six hundred fifty-
eight euros and eighty cents
(217.658,80 €). By investing no plans to
create new
jobs. Opinion of the Committee:
15.9.2008 (unanimous). The summary
was published in the Official Gazette.
THE MINISTERS OF ECONOMY AND
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
FINANCE YFYP. ECONOMICS AND
FINANCE JOHN Athanasios
Papathanasiou BOURAS
F
(4)
Inclusion of private enterprise "MAKRIS
JOHN '
and dt "IF MAKRIS. JOHN "the
provisions of
Law 3299/2004, as amended to increase
investment
ing with the incentive grant. With the No.
15258/YPE/5/00447/E/n. 3299/2004 /
20.3.2009 the Minister and the Deputy
Minister of Economy and Finance
approved the inclusion of the provisions
of Law 3299/2004, the sole
proprietorship "MAKRIS JOHN" and the
trademark "MAKRIS IF. JOHN 'to foster
investment with the incentive grant,
which refers to establishing a power
plant photovoltaic power systems 19,8
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
KW, the settlement "Amyclae" the City
"SPARTA," the county "LAKONIAS,
aided overall expenditure amount of four
thousand one hundred and ten hundred
and seventy two euros (114.272,00 €),
with a grant totaling 40% grant forty-five
thousand seven hundred and eighty-
eight euro cents (45708.80
€). By investing no plans to create new
jobs. Opinion of the Committee:
29.9.2008. This summary can
dimosieftheistin Journal of
Government. I MINISTERS OF
ECONOMY AND FINANCE YFYP.
ECONOMICS AND FINANCE
Athanasios Papathanasiou JOHN
BOURAS
F (5)
Inclusion of individual enterprise
«ASSMANN KARL JURGEN» to the
provisions of Law 3299/2004, as for the
strengthening of the investment
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
incentive grant. With the No.
15261/YPE/5/00408/E/n.
3299/2004/20.3.2009 the Minister and
the Deputy Minister of Economy and
Finance approved the inclusion of the
provisions of Law 3299/2004, the sole
proprietorship «ASSMAN JURGEN» to
increase investment in the spur of the
grant referred to in establishing a power
plant solar power systems by 19,453
KW, the position of 'red-Pakion' Molaon
the City of Laconia prefecture with a total
expenditure amount assisted one
hundred and twenty-one thousand nine
hundred and twenty two euro and ninety-
two minutes (121.922,92 €) , with a grant
totaling 40% grant forty-eight thousand
seven hundred euros sixty-nine seven
minutes and ten (48.769,17 €). By
investing no plans to create new jobs.
Opinion of the Committee: 22.9.2008.
The summary was published in the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Journal of
Government. THE MINISTERS OF
ECONOMY AND FINANCE YFYP.
ECONOMICS AND FINANCE JOHN
Athanasios Papathanasiou BOURAS
F Number. F.294.0/350991 (6) numbers.
15931/596 (9)
Terms and conditions for installing
photovoltaic systems support antennas.
THE MINISTERS OF THE
ENVIRONMENT, PHYSICAL
PLANNING
AND PUBLIC WORKS, TRANSPORT
AND COMMUNICATIONS
Having regard
1. Measures:
a. of paragraph 14 of Article 31 of Law
3431/2006 "On Electronic
Communications" (A13), as amended;
B. Articles 2, 11, 16 and 17 of Law
1577/1985 (A 201) "General Building
Regulations. Traditional settlements and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
listed buildings. Protecting the natural
and cultural environment "
c. par.7 Article 2 of Law 2941/2001 (A
201) "Simplification of establishing the
AU, licensing of renewable energy
sources, Greek shipyard etc."
d. 126884/2007 (V435) decision of the
Minister of Environment and Public
Works' Environmental Process Content
Licensing and Environmental Studies
station antenna installations on land,
e. Article 90 of the Code of Laws for the
Government and government bodies,
ratified by the first article of PD 63/2005
'Codification of laws on government and
government bodies (A98).
2. The need to define the terms and
conditions for installing photovoltaic
systems support antennas.
3. The fact that this decision does not
lead to cost the state budget, decide:
1. To implement this as a "photovoltaic"
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
means the power plants up electric
generators 20kW photovoltaic array with
their supporting structures (houses, etc.)
intended to support antennas.
2. Photovoltaic systems installed in the
preceding paragraph without the ekdosi
planning permission and if cumulative,
the following terms and conditions:
a. The antennas are equipped with all
necessary permits and approvals under
applicable law.
b. The PV systems are installed in
specially protected areas, traditional
villages and areas of historical parts of
cities, unless otherwise specified by
special provisions.
c. The photovoltaic systems are installed
on building facades.
d. The accompanying houses that are
part of photovoltaic systems designed
solely for housing power inverters,
batteries, charge regulators, electronic
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
monitoring and control systems,
electrical tables, transformers, air
conditioners, protective systems and
control wiring to support the photovoltaic
elements and their dimensions are
limited to those strictly necessary to
accommodate the equipment. Not
allowed to install other devices not
related to the operation of PV, as, for
example, radio. In any case, the
dimensions
the houses do not exceed the area of 9
square meters and a height of 2.20 m e.
In the event that support the construction
of cell antenna is provided in para. e and
f of paragraph 2 of Article 1 of Law
2801/2000 before the installation of
photovoltaic systems, subsystems listed
in subsection d of this paragraph and it
is necessary for the operation of the
photovoltaic system installed in this
hutch and not building second houses.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
f. The photovoltaic systems have an
accessible point indelible and legible
notice, stating: a) the holder of the
construction of the antenna
b) the authorization of the National
Telecommunications and Post
Commission (EETT), which involves the
construction of antenna systems that
support them. If there is a fence, and
also tagged at a reasonable point in
fencing. g. In cases where PV systems
installed in areas adjacent to forest land
or houses or other structures,
appropriate fire protection measures and
maintained
Firewall least three (3) measures around
the perimeter, subject to the provisions
of the current Fire Regulations.
h. The installation of photovoltaic
systems in accordance with the
manufacturers and the applicable rules
for electrical equipment and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
electromagnetic compatibility.
3. Responsible for compliance with this
is the owner of the construction of the
antenna, which supports the solar
system.
4. Putting solar system to support
manufacturing antenna does not change
the category Environmental Impact
Study, which covered the same antenna
structure under No. 126884/2007
decision of the Minister of Environment,
Physical Planning and Public Works' Di-
untried Environmental Licensing and
Scope of Environmental Study facilities
Keraion stations on land (V435). This
decision was published in the Official
Gazette. Athens, March 16, 2009
THE MINISTERS OF THE
ENVIRONMENT, PHYSICAL
PLANNING AND TRANSPORTATION
COMMUNICATIONS AND PUBLIC
WORKS
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
GEORGE SOUFLIAS Evripidis
Stylianidis

"Small scale cogeneration":


The cogeneration units with an installed
electrical power equal to or less than 1
MWe.
"Co-micro": The cogeneration unit with a
maximum electrical power equal to or
less than 50kWe.
"Combined heat and power with high
efficiency (SITHYA) 'Cogeneration
guaranteed energy savings protogenous
at least ten percent (10%) compared
with separate heat and electricity
the methodology described in Article 6.
The output from cogeneration and micro-
scale provides primary energy savings,
regardless of percentage, described as
high-efficiency cogeneration.
"Reference Price of the efficiency of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
separate production of 'The efficiency of
separate heat and electricity, which is
intended to replace the process
symparagogis.Logos electricity to heat'
The ratio between electricity from
cogeneration and
useful thermal energy using
tonleitourgikon combined data of this
unit.
"Operating CHP data": The name of the
manufacturer's data for new units during
the design phase and installation. For
operating units means the data recorded
when the unit operates at maximum load
CHP.
"CHP Unit compact type ': The CHP
plant, in which all major components and
peripherals are in stable housing
includes acoustic insulation.
"Cogeneration production": the sum of
electrical and mechanical energy and
useful thermal energy produced by
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
cogeneration.
'Guarantee of Origin SITHYA'
certification from the institution issuing
guarantees of origin, that the electricity
to which it relates is made from high
efficiency cogeneration.
"Guarantee of Origin system SITHYA"
The rules adopted and procedures
established by this chapter and the
specific regulations issued by
authorization.
"Autonomous cogeneration plant": The
cogeneration plant generates electricity
from cogeneration and is not connected
to the system or network.
2. These definitions replace the
respective definitions of the elements 19
to 22 of Article 2 of Law 3468/2006 (GG
129 A).
Article 4 Cogeneration Technologies
Cogeneration technologies in connection
with which this chapter include the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
following types:
a) Combined cycle gas turbine with
recovery
Heat
b) Steam backpressure
c) Steam condensing - extracting
d) Gas turbine with heat recovery
e) Reciprocating internal combustion
engines
f) Microturbines
g) Stirling Engine
h) Fuel cell
i) Locomotive
j) Organic Rankine Cycle
k) Any other type of technology or
combination of types of technologies that
fall under the definition of cogeneration.
Article 5 Electricity from cogeneration
electricity cogeneration is calculated
using the method described in this
arthro.Eidikotera:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
"Small scale cogeneration":
The cogeneration units with an installed
electrical power equal to or less than 1
MWe.
"Co-micro": The cogeneration unit with a
maximum electrical power equal to or
less than 50kWe.
"Combined heat and power with high
efficiency (SITHYA) 'Cogeneration
guaranteed energy savings protogenous
at least ten percent (10%) compared
with separate heat and electricity
the methodology described in Article 6.
The output from cogeneration and micro-
scale provides primary energy savings,
regardless of percentage, described as
high-efficiency cogeneration.
"Reference Price of the efficiency of
separate production of 'The efficiency of
separate heat and electricity, which is
intended to replace the process
symparagogis.Logos electricity to heat'
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The ratio between electricity from
cogeneration and
useful thermal energy using
tonleitourgikon combined data of this
unit.
"Operating CHP data": The name of the
manufacturer's data for new units during
the design phase and installation. For
operating units means the data recorded
when the unit operates at maximum load
CHP.
"CHP Unit compact type ': The CHP
plant, in which all major components and
peripherals are in stable housing
includes acoustic insulation.
"Cogeneration production": the sum of
electrical and mechanical energy and
useful thermal energy produced by
cogeneration.
'Guarantee of Origin SITHYA'
certification from the institution issuing
guarantees of origin, that the electricity
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
to which it relates is made from high
efficiency cogeneration.
"Guarantee of Origin system SITHYA"
The rules adopted and procedures
established by this chapter and the
specific regulations issued by
authorization.
"Autonomous cogeneration plant": The
cogeneration plant generates electricity
from cogeneration and is not connected
to the system or network.
2. These definitions replace the
respective definitions of the elements 19
to 22 of Article 2 of Law 3468/2006 (GG
129 A).
Article 4 Cogeneration Technologies
Cogeneration technologies in connection
with which this chapter include the
following types:
a) Combined cycle gas turbine with
recovery
Heat
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
b) Steam backpressure
c) Steam condensing - extracting
d) Gas turbine with heat recovery
e) Reciprocating internal combustion
engines
f) Microturbines
g) Stirling Engine
h) Fuel cell
i) Locomotive
j) Organic Rankine Cycle
k) Any other type of technology or
combination of types of technologies that
fall under the definition of cogeneration.
Article 5 Electricity from cogeneration
electricity cogeneration is calculated
using the method described in this
arthro.Eidikotera:
a) The prices used for calculation of
electricity from cogeneration are
determined based on expected or actual
operation of the unit under normal use.
For micro-cogeneration units klimakaso
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
calculation can be based on certification
-consolidated price.
b) Electricity from cogeneration is equal
to the total annual electricity production
of the unit measured at the terminals of
the main generators
(I) in cogeneration units of type b, d, e, f,
g and from those referred to in Article 4,
with an overall annual rate of return less
than seventy-five percent (75%)
(Ii) in cogeneration units of type A and C
as indicated in Article 4, a total annual
rate of return less than eighty percent
(80%).
c) In cogeneration units of type b, d, e, f,
g and
The unit referred to in Article 4 with a
total annual rate of return of less than
seventy-five percent (75%) in
cogeneration units of type A and C as
indicated in Article 4 with a total annual
rate of return of less than eighty percent
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
(80%), electricity from cogeneration
calculated by the following formula:
ECHP ICHP = • C, where
ECHP is electric power from
cogeneration, HCHP is useful heat from
cogeneration, which does not include the
heat derived from separate boilers or
convey steam from the steam generator
before
turbine, C is the ratio of electricity and
useful heat
from cogeneration.
d) The calculation of electricity from
cogeneration based on the actual power
to heat. If the real reason for electric
heat of a cogeneration plant is not
known, may be used, especially for
statistical purposes, the following default
values for units of type A
b, c, d and e as indicated in Article 4
provided that the estimated how
that electricity from cogeneration is less
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
than or equal to the total electricity
production of unit:
Unit Type
Standard ground
power to
heat (C)
Combined cycle gas-
turbine with heat recovery;
ibility
0.95
Steam backpressure 0.45
Steam condensing-extracting 0.45
Gas turbine with heat recovery 0.55
Reciprocating internal combustion
engine 0.75
e) If a part of the energy content of fuel
used in cogeneration process is
recovered in chemicals and recycled
part is deducted from the amount of fuel
used before calculating the overall
efficiency used in
paragraphs b and c
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
f) The energy content of fuel is
calculated based on the lower calorific
capacity. All grades of performance
under this Chapter shall be calculated
based on lower heating value of fuel.
Article 6 Calculation efficiency
cogeneration
1. To calculate the efficiency
cogeneration particularly taken into
account:
a) electricity from cogeneration
b) the useful thermal energy from
cogeneration
c) the ratio of primary energy savings.
2. The combined efficiency is calculated
as
follows:
a) For cogeneration units defined by the
following energy efficiency.
Ec
Electrical efficiency: ie = -----
Fc
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
ICHP Heat efficiency: ih = -----
Fc
Total efficiency: ie n = + ih
where
Εc electricity from the plant
cogeneration
ICHP useful thermal energy from
cogeneration
Fc fuel energy consumed during the
trans-
untried in the production of Ec and
HCHP.
b) The efficiency of co-expressed by the
ratio of primary energy savings, defined
by:
FE + FH - FC PESR = -------------
FE + FH, where
PESR is why saving primary
energy
FE is the energy fuel for separate PA-
Playback of electricity ΕC,
FH is the energy fuel for separate PA-
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Playback of the heat ICHP.
c) O ratio of primary energy savings,
using the baseline as defined
in paragraph 3 of this Article shall be
calculated
the relationship:
1
PESR = 1 - -------------
a --- e-+ - a-h-
ier ihr
where
ier is the reference value for efficiency
separate production of electricity
ihr is the reference value for efficiency
separate production of heat.
3. To calculate the efficiency of the
cases a, b and c, if a cogeneration unit
generates mechanical energy, the
annual electricity production of the unit
increased by an additional amount
corresponding to an equivalent amount
of electricity to mechanical energy. This
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
additional amount is not taken into
account in calculating the guarantee of
origin.
4. The Minister for Development;
Dai:
a) the reference values of efficiency for
separate electricity and thermal energy
b) the methods used to calculate the
efficiency cogeneration.
Article 7 Measures to promote combined

and high efficiency cogeneration


1. Where the provisions of Law
3468/2006 refers to electricity produced
from plant or power plant SITHYA as
such means the energy produced by
cogeneration and high efficiency
calculated under the provisions of this
chapter. The amount of energy that can
be part of the total output Electric power
station.
2. The Minister of Development after
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
consulting the RAE down the process,
specific issues and any necessary
details on the pricing of electricity from
cogeneration in that it lacks SITHYA.
3. The Minister of Development be
amended and supplemented in
accordance with
this chapter, decisions, as provided in
paragraph 3 of Article 5 and paragraph
10 of Article 8 of Law 3468/2006 on the
adjustment to the status of this law.
4. To ensure the transmission and
distribution of electricity produced from
SITHYA apply mutatis mutandis to
Article 9 of Law 3468/2006, the relevant
provisions of Law 2773/1999 (Official
Gazette 286A) and related provisions of
the Code Grid and Power Exchange
(MD D5-IL/V/oik/8311/9.5.2005
655V/17.5.2005 GG), as applicable,
including any necessary amendments to
the participation of cogeneration units
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
market
electricity.
Article 8 guarantees of origin for
electricity
from high efficiency cogeneration
1. The origin of electricity produced from
legally operating facilities combined with
high efficiency, it turns out to others with
a relative guarantee of origin.
2. The Minister of Development, after
consultation with the Energy Regulatory
Authority (RAE), regulates issues
concerning guarantees of origin of
electricity produced from high efficiency
cogeneration without the use of
renewable energy technologies and
those mentioned in the inter-
judges and institutions of issue of
content control and how to safeguard
them.
Article 9 CHP plants that do not qualify
High Performance
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
1. For CHP plants from renewable
energy sources, the provisions of Law
3468/2006 governing SITHYA power
from renewable energy sources.
2. For non-standard units of
conventional CHP fuel power from 20
kWe and above requires the licensing of
production, installation and operation.
3. In the process of issuing production
licenses CHP plants apply mutatis
mutandis to Article 3 of Law 3468/2006
on channels SITHYA.
4. The Minister of Development issued
after consultation with the RAE and
published in the Government Gazette
approving the Regulation permits the
production of electricity from CHP.
5. In the process of issuing
authorizations for the establishment and
operation of CHP plants apply mutatis
mutandis in Articles 7 and 8 for stations
n.3468/2006 SITHYA.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
6. A similar decision by the Minister of
Development sets out the required
documents, the process and all
necessary details for the licensing of
establishment and operation of
paragraph
2. The Registry permits production for
CHP installations, as defined in this
Chapter, met stiRAE.
7. The committees of Articles 19 and 20
of Law 3468/2006, for installations of
RES SITHYA are responsible for CHP
installations.
Article 10 Approval of cogeneration unit
1. In the standard type of compact
cogeneration micro and small-scale
type-approval of a cogeneration unit.
The approval of a cogeneration unit
issued by the relevant accredited for
energy saving
at the request of the manufacturer or
importer in the pipeline unit, according to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the Minister of Development referred to
in paragraph 3 of this article.
2. Cogeneration units, which have been
granted approval cogeneration plant is
exempt from the requirement to license
production, installation and operation.
3. The Minister of Development, after
consultation with the RAE defines the
procedure for obtaining approval of a
cogeneration unit, specify the individual
data submitted by manufacturers or
importers to obtain approval of a
cogeneration unit and adjust the specific
issue
concerning the approval of a
cogeneration unit.
Article 11 National CHP potential
1. Within six months from the
commencement of this Act, a report by
the Ministry of Development of the
national potential for cogeneration,
including cogeneration and micro scale,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
which, after consultation with the RAE,
approved by the Minister of
Development. With the report of a
national cogeneration potential shall
specify the total capacity for useful heat
demand, which is suitable for application
of cogeneration and the availability of
fuels and other energy resources can be
used in cogeneration.
2. The report of a national cogeneration
potential based on documented scientific
data and prepared according to the
criteria of paragraph 3 of this article. This
report includes a separate analysis of
potential barriers
realize the national potential for
cogeneration, which relate to the selling
prices of electricity network charges, and
access to fuels, Systems and Network
electricity, the current administrative
procedures and lack of internalisation of
external costs in energy prices.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
3. According to the report of the national
cogeneration potential shall consider:
a) the type of fuel may be used to realize
the potential of cogeneration, including
specific considerations on the potential
for increased use of renewable energy in
domestic thermal energy through
cogeneration
b) the type of cogeneration technologies
as listed in Article 4, which can be used
to realize the national potential,
c) the type of technology separate heat
and electricity, where feasible,
mechanical energy, which may
substitute cogeneration
d) division of the cogeneration potential
to modernize existing facilities and
construction.
4. The report of the National
dynamikousymparagogis include
appropriate mechanisms to assess the
cost-effectiveness in terms of primary
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
energy savings, increasing the share of
CHP in the national energy mix. When
analyzing the cost-effectiveness, taking
into account
national commitments, linked to climate
change and accepted by the European
Community under the Kyoto Protocol to
the Convention United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate
Change.
5. The report of the national
cogeneration potential opportunities
identified in relation to the timeframes
2010, 2015 and 2020 and include, where
possible, the necessary cost estimates
for each of the timeframes.
6. The report of the national potential for
cogeneration, in addition to publication in
the Official Gazette, published by the
Minister of Development in every
possible way.
7. Progress on increasing the share of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
co-assessed by the relevant
departments of the Ministry of
Development. Each four (4) years and
made public by the Minister of
Development in every possible way the
evaluation report
on increasing the share of CHP, which is
sent to the Commission upon request.
8. The reports prepared in accordance
with the provisions of this article, there is
much analysis and specific reference to
the high efficiency cogeneration.
Article 12 Obligation to provide data
combined
1. Owners of cogeneration units are
required to submit data and information
about their function in the Ministry of
Development.
2. The above information is confidential
and used solely for the production of
statistics in the energy sector. Statistics
compiled from primary statistical material
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
published and available to others in a
way that can not be directly or indirectly
disclose the identity of those who gave
and those who regard the primary
statistical material.
3. The Minister for Development process
for the above data, content, periodicity of
submission, and any other necessary
related details.

4. By the end of December each year,


the Minister of Development submitted
to the European Commission statistical
data for the previous calendar year for
electricity and mechanical energy and
useful thermal energy
cogeneration at the national level, as
defined in Article 5 of this chapter.
5. The Ministry of Development
submitted to the Commission annual
statistics on power and fuel used in
cogeneration units. You may also submit
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
statistics on primary energy savings
achieved by cogeneration, as defined by
the provisions of this chapter.
Article 13 Penalties
1. Offenders of the obligation
established by paragraph 1 of the
preceding article a fine by the Minister of
Development, the magnitude is
proportional to the severity and
frequency of the offense, ranging
Five thousand (5,000) up to fifty
thousand (50,000) million.
2. The Minister of Development
specifying the sanctions and adjust the
process enforcement, reporting and
investigation of complaints and other
related issues.
3. The Minister of Development can be
adjusted limits of fines.
Article 14 amended provisions
1. Paragraph 10 of Article 2 of Law
3468/2006 is replaced as follows:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
'10. Warranty or Guarantee of Origin:
The document issued by the issuer
certifying the production of a specific
quantity
electricity from renewable energy or
cogeneration
high efficiency. "
2. Article 4 of Law 3468/2006:
a) g is replaced by:
'G) from other stations with installed
capacity less than or equal to fifty (50)
kWe, if these stations using renewable
energy from those set out in paragraph 2
of Article 2, forms other than these
cases. "
b) add the event as follows: "h) SITHYA
stations with an installed electrical power
or less than fifty (50) kWe.»
c) is added to paragraph 1 as follows:
"1a. The exceptions in cases a, b, c, d,
e, g and applied when no saturation of
the network in accordance with RAE's
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
decision issued in a case of paragraph 5
of Article
3. "
3. The provisionsTemporary Article 11 of
Law 3468/2006 apply to stations
SITHYA of this chapter.
4. Paragraph 1 of Article 10 of Law
3468/2006 is replaced as follows: 1. In
non-interconnected islands, the
responsible manager is required to
absorb them as a priority for electricity
produced from RES Output channel
auto-production, and

the units RES hybrid station and then


the electricity generated by power
SITHYA and surplus electricity
generated by Auto-producer SITHYA
station, where the total installed capacity
of power plants has been included in
SITHYA overall penetration of installed
power plants electricity from renewables
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
or SITHYA. "
Article 15 Transitional provisions
1. Until the decision of the Minister of
Development referred to in paragraph 4
of Article 6 and paragraph 3 of Article 7
of Chapter A of this Act, applications for
a combined production units, which has
issued the opinion on the RAE evaluated
according to the criteria of Article 9 of
the Rules permits the production and
supply of electricity (RM D5-
IL/V/F.1/1795 6.12.2000, GG 1498 N /
8.12.2000).
2. Following the adoption of the
decisions referred to in paragraph 4 of
Article 6 of this chapter, holders of
electricity from cogeneration plants to
obtain license to produce electricity from
SITHYA, submit a request for
modification and data to evaluate its
energy efficiency, according to the Rules
permit production under paragraph 3 of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Article 5 of Law 3468/2006.
3. Applications for grant or renewal of a
license and then install and operation
submitted prior to the adoption of
decisions by the Minister of
Development, as provided in paragraph
4 of Article 6 and paragraph 3 of Article
7 of this chapter be considered in
accordance with applicable the date of
authorization of production, excluding
the provisions relating to the PPAs is not
applicable provisions of paragraph 4 of
this article. If a request for modification
of the installation and operating permits
in accordance with the provisions of this
Law and the decrees issued by
authorization, then a modification of the
production license, in accordance with
this chapter.
4. Licenses were granted, and purchase
contracts concluded by the entry into
force of this Act remain in force until they
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
expire, applied the provisions of Article
12 of Law 3468/2006.

CHAPTER II ADJUSTMENT OF
RELEVANT ISSUES
THE HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT
MESOCHORAS
Article 16 Compulsory acquisition of land

hydroelectric dam Mesochora


1. Expropriation to be declared and at
the expense of the Public Power
Corporation SA (PPC) budget which
specifically provided coverage of the
cost of compensation, in derogation of
the Code compulsory Receipts Property
(KAAA, Law 2882/2001) and in particular
paragraph 7 of Article 3 and paragraph 6
of Article 11 thereof, for the following
areas of the ingredients and their
branches located in the administrative
district of the City Pindos (former
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
community Mesochora) in Trikala
prefecture: a) Area total area of
1,432,137 square meters, as seen in its
8/2/2005 cadastral diagram, plates 1 to
13, and as described by the
corresponding cadastral 8/2/2005 table
compiled by the State Engineer
ktimatografos Associate Tassios and
considered by the Director of Technical
Services of Prefecture of Trikala Nick.
Legia, and published a thumbnail in
Appendix A of this Act. b) total surface
area of approximately 540,000 square
meters, as shown in No. 1401 Revision
-SMEL-016-027/26.2.2007/1i 31/7/2007
topographic plan prepared by the
Department of Hydroelectric
Development Project (DAYE) of PPC
published on thumbnail to Annex A of
this Act.
2. The expropriation declaring for very
important public interest, which consist
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
in addressing the needs of Mesochora
hydroelectric project, namely to secure
the remaining land required for the
operation of the project. Already have
been taken expropriations for the above
project, which declared the joint
ministerial decisions
1092518/5317/0010/19.7.1993 (GG 933
D) 1092519/5318/0010/19.7.1993 (GG
1000 D) and V428/231/25.4.1988 (GG
353 D), remain strong and
used for the purpose of completing this
project.
Article 17 expropriation sites
relocation
1. Declaring expropriation for the City of
Pindus and cost of PPC in the budget
which specifically provided coverage of
the cost of compensation, in derogation
of the Code compulsory Receipts
Property (KAAA, Law 2882/2001) and in
particular paragraph 7 Article 3 and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
paragraph 6 of Article 11 thereof, for the
following areas of the ingredients and
their branches located in the
administrative district of the City Pindos
(formerly Community Mesochora) of
Trikala Prefecture:
a) area "home" area of approximately
160,000 sq.m. and
b) area "Boat" and "Upper Boat",
covering approximately 146,000 square
meters, as seen in No. 1401-SMEL-016-
030/9.8.2007 Chart prepared by the
Department of Hydroelectric
Development Project (DAYE) the PPC,
which is published in thumbnail
stoParartima A.
2. The expropriation shall also be
declared for very important public
interest, which consist in ensuring the
relocation needs of victims of forced
expropriation under Article 16 of this Law
have been taken from the original
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
expropriation declared the No.
1092518/5317/0010/19.7.1993 and
1092519/5318/0010/19.7.1993 joint
ministerial decisions.
3. From the proceedings for the
expropriation and rates, excluding land,
which would result from the cadastral
diagrams that are either municipal or
private. And many of these are public
lands, granted the property by this Act
by the Greek government in the
municipality of Pindus, free, with a note
on the transfer books and Lands.
Article 18 Lands data
The cadastral data (tables and graphs)
of previous articles considered by the
Head of the Division of hydro generation
of PPC.
Article 19 Procedure of expropriation
1. The expropriation of Articles 16 and
17 declared that the emergency and the
particular importance of working towards
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the economic development of Ras HO,
as follows:
(A) For regions in point b of paragraph 1
of Article 16 and the elements a and b of
paragraph 1 of Article 17 within three (3)
months from the commencement of this
Act syntassetaiapo PPC SA E. state
alleged owners, according to which the
call is interested in determining the unit
rate compensation and horizontal
alignments simple diagrams illustrating
the total area and estimated the kind and
forthcoming expropriated property of
their respective areas, without reference
to specific individual properties. In
drawing diagrams may be taken into
account any information and data that
may arise in any way and in particular
photogrammetry and other methods. (B)
Applications for temporary price fixing
unit brought before the District Court
within the period specified in the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
provision of Article 19 of KAAA basis: (i)
the already prepared a cadastral survey
of the case of paragraph 1 of Article 16,
(ii) the state alleged owners, and simple
diagrams of a horizontal alignments in
the case of paragraph 1 of this Article,
(iii) the certificate issued by the
metagrafofylaka to have made this
application to register free of charge, the
relevant portion of a copy of the
declaration of expropriation together with
relevant ktimatolo -
gika data, in whatever form they are
available and (iv) the estimated value, as
shown by the data collected and sent to
the WHO Region of the property. (C) In
other respects the provisions of
complement KAAA (Law 2882/2001),
except those of Articles 16 and 26
paragraph 3. Paragraph 3 of Article 26
applies where there is sufficient land
registry data. Any corrections submitted
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Cadastre are tried by the court pursuant
to Rule 16 of par.8 KAAA.
In the process of identification of
beneficiaries drawn up taking into
account the cadastral data (graphs,
tables) cadastral survey of the Head of
Technical Services of Prefecture of
Trikala on the area of a case of
paragraph 1 of Article 16. The process of
identification of beneficiaries of other
areas, paragraph 1b of Article 16 and 1a
and b of Article 17 is subject to editorial
cadastral information by the Head of
Planning and Environment Directorate of
the Prefecture Trikaloni his deputy, for
fair compensation shall be payable to
the PPC. The land registration is
completed within five (5) months after
entry into force of the law. Exceeding
this period constitute a disciplinary
offense. As deputies of the above
defined priority ktimatografou Surveying
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Engineering Technical Services
Directorate of the Prefecture of Trikala.
(D) The expropriation of Article 16 shall
be lifted automatically for you
edafotemachia passed since the
components and the Annexes to them
voluntarily, according to the following:
i. For land within the village, thirty
(30.00) per square meter.
ii. For other territories regardless of their
classification as irrigated, rain-fed, fallow
fields, forests, etc., three thousand
(3000.00) per acre.
iii. For ingredients and annexes fields
(auxiliary buildings, warehouses,
stables, fences, mandrotoichoi, trees,
etc.) with final rates determined
conclusively by the court for that
expropriation.
iv. For homes, one thousand five
hundred (1500.00) per square meter of
total surface area, regardless of age or
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
condition. In the case of residential area
less than sixty (60) square meters, the
compensation is calculated on an area
of sixty (60) squares;
eating. A residence is a separate
building, without taking into account
recommendations of vertical or
horizontal property. In the case of
undivided property, the compensation
payable upon what part of the
ownership.
v. For buildings used as commercial use
over the last two years, three thousand
(3000.00) per square meter of total
surface area as evidenced by the
relative
license and use.
2. Those affected by the expropriation of
Article 16 who wish to voluntarily transfer
would have to state with finality notarial
deed, within two (2) months from the
publication hereof. The deed will be
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
prepared at the expense of PPC and
provide the right aftosymvasis for PPC
3. The price or consideration paid to the
transfer affected by the Deposits and
Loans Fund after the court identified as
beneficiaries, efarmozomenonton
provisions referred to in paragraph c
1 of this article.
4. The occurrence of land acquisition
and rehabilitation of affected roads
communications are prerequisites for the
blockage of the diversion tunnel.
Article 20 Additional Compensation
Prices quoted for damages referred to in
Article 19 apply to those affected have
been taken from the expropriation of No.
1092518/5317/0010/19.7.1993 (GG 933
W) and 1092519/5318/0010/19.7.1993
( GG 1000 D) joint ministerial decisions,
which were identified as beneficiaries.
Such persons are entitled to additional
compensation equal to the difference
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
between these values (Fri 1d c. i, ii, iv
and v Article 19) and compensation
already paid. The compensation will be
paid when deriving respectively from the
application of the preceding Article, but
no later than the payment of
compensation for those affected by the
declaration of expropriation of this Act.
Article 21 Terms and conditions of
relocation
1. The preparation of the necessary
studies (planning, surveying, hydraulics,
geotechnical, geological and
environmental health effects) for the
urbanization of the areas of relocation of
affected residents of the former
Community Mesochora and other
affected former chieftain Justice, Strand,
Pachtouriou, Drosochori, Gardikiou,
Moschofytou , New Pine and St.
Nicholas of Trikala, the reservoir project
will be held in custody of Thessaly and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
cost of PPC.
The distribution of land, arising under the
Article 22 will be in a spatial test detect
these concentrated and not dispersed,
starting from the area will be designated
based on results of required studies by
the City of Pindos.
The construction of infrastructure at the
site, which will be designated by the City
of Pindus, and which will be included in
the distribution of economic levels will be
at the expense of PPC and custody of
Thessaly. Within two (2) months from the
occurrence of land acquisition for
resettlement sites of the PPC issue for
the City of Pindus letter of guarantee five
million (5,000,000) euros for the
preparation of studies and construction
of infrastructure such tisparagrafou.
2. The expropriated land beyond the
maximum flood level will be established
by the PPC in order to be recreation.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
This space is reserved in a local
government level, which is the former
communities, which belonged to the
region. The type of use will be
determined by the Spatial Plan of
Organization Development and
urbanization (SCHOAP) and the Spatial
Plan of the area, after consultation with
the PPC security issues. The income
generated from it will be available for the
needs of regions of the former
communities, which fell within these
areas.
3. If the operational phase of the project
problems occur in homes located in the
non-expropriated property part of the
redevelopment, due to geological
phenomena demonstrated by the
operation of the reservoir, PPC required
to fully recover, if possible, or otherwise
compensate the affected owners. Or,
that victims can exercise proportionately
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the rights provided for those whose
properties are expropriated, as those
rights specified in Articles 22, 23 and 24
of this Law.
4. During construction and operation of
the project ensured to maximize the
economic benefit of residents, by
analogy with the fourth article of Law
2779/1999 (GG 296 A).
5. The inhabitants of the land
expropriated property shall permit and
facilitate the work of counting the
dienergounta land registration under
Article 19.
Article 22 Possible land acquisition
resettlement areas
1. Those who own their dwelling
expropriated or voluntarily given to the
PPC are able to acquire land for
resettlement sites and pay to the
beneficiary of the decision referred to in
Article 17 expropriation City Pindos and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
that, in common with the PPC SA E.,
bank account the amount, calculated in
accordance with subparagraph i of
paragraph d of Article 19 1i. The bank
account is reserved for the City of
Pindos. Payment will be made within two
(2) months after the court recognized as
beneficiaries, and signed the deed
transfer. If the area of affected land,
which in this house there is less of the
plot of buildable land
as identified by the urban planning
requirements in the areas of relocation,
the affected owners who want to acquire
the land, it will pay to the City of Pindus
and above account, the amount of
compensation be received for the
affected land in exchange for the
acquisition the new land. In the case of
undivided property, the right to obtain, as
above, building plot is considered as part
of the share ownership.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The City Pindos may grant to citizens or
other third plot, than they would remain
after the above allocation of land to
interested * 01000082801090024 *
Menu of claimants, but at a price not
less than that stated in this article.
2. Those interested in acquiring land in
resettlement areas provided for the
provision of Article 17 should be the
state with an irrevocable notarized deed,
within two (2) months from the date of
entry into force of this Act. These parties
before the signing of the preliminary
account, will produce legal documents
on property expropriated property
residence.
3. The same opportunity to acquire land
and relocate to areas with the same
conditions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this
Article are and what the house would be
affected by the expropriations carried out
under the No.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
1092518/5317/0010/19.7.1993 ( GG 933
W) and 1092519/5318/0010 / 19.7.1993
(Gazette 1000 D) joint ministerial
decisions, they have identified
beneficiaries.
4. The lawyers and legal costs required
for this purpose shall be borne by the
PPC
Article 23 Allowance for rent - Temporary
accommodation
1. To residents of the municipal district
Mesochora who reside on it until
31.10.2006 and their inalienable
homeowners, PPC will pay a rent
allowance from the first month following
the date of occurrence of expropriation.
This allowance, amounting to ten (10)
per square meter main permanent
residence expropriated property,
regardless of the number of joint owners,
will pay up to twelve (12) months of the
judicial After this recognition is the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
beneficiary of the damages. The
payment of this allowance is suspended
if the beneficiary becomes a Kia earliest
inhabitants of twelve (12) month period.
2. For any of the affected meet the
requirements of paragraph 1 of this
Article and only for those who are
farmers or farmers with proven income
from agriculture or livestock, or elders
who can not move, and have declared
their interest in acquiring land
resettlement areas in accordance with
paragraph 2 of Article 22 will provide a
special area by the relevant local
authority primary, which will be a
temporary site from PPC for temporary
accommodation until they relocated to
these areas. In those injured will not be
paid rent allowance. By decision of the
PPC, which is issued within one month
of publication of this Act, recommended
the Joint Committee, comprising
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
representatives of Local Government,
Region of Thessaly and PPC and which
will record all the residents who meet the
requirements of this paragraph.
Article 24 One-off bonus of social
rehabilitation
1. To affected owners of expropriation in
Article 16 of this Law and damaged in
the expropriations that have taken place
and declared the No.
1092518/5317/0010/19.7.1993
1092519/5318/0010/19.7.1993 and
common Ministerial Decisions made by
the PPC, in addition
compensation for expropriation or the
price of redemption, once a social
rehabilitation, twenty thousand
(20,000.00) approved pay per property
(house or plot) that is up to 31.10.2006
and only once
per beneficiary. 2. Beneficiaries of the
benefit is the residents
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
were registered in population registers of
former Justice Mesochora, a chieftain,
Gardikiou, Moschofytou, Desi, New
Pine, Pachtouriou, Drosochori and St.
Nicholas of Trikala Prefecture until
19.7.1993 and permanent residents of
these communities to this date, and that
Breeders residents (with stock-breeders)
and in the area expropriated, according
to a statement of the relevant
Community or Municipality, the opeoioi
had in the year 2006, an annual income
below the tax exemption. Also, recipients
of this benefit is that residents are
professionals, who had a commercial
use on up to 19.7.1993 already been
expropriated by the above joint
ministerial decisions areas, and
professionals at 31.12.2007 maintained
and continue to maintain commercial
use in committing a geographical area at
the time of expropriation declaring this
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
law if they produce relevant professional
adeia.3. Entitled to the allowance and
pensioners OGA and seasonal
employees and workers with income
above the tax exemption provided that it
comes only from this source and the
conditions of paragraphs. 4. The
allowance will commence the recipients
immediately after filling the diversion
tunnel of the hydroelectric project
Mesochora.
Article 25 not covered by the scope
the provisions of Chapter II
Those in this chapter does not control
and damaged by the expropriation
apozimiothentes declared the No.
V428/231/25.4.1988 (GG 353 D) joint
ministerial decision and related areas to
altitudes of profragmatos, which have
already made similar claims.
Article 26 Repeal
Since the entry into force of this Act
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
repealed the provisions of Articles 27
through 36 of n.3066/2002 (GG 252 A),
and draft contracts prepared in
accordance with these provisions.
CHAPTER III OTHER
ARRANGEMENTS AFFAIRS MINISTRY
OF DEVELOPMENT
Article 27 Rules relating to electricity
Energy from Renewable Energy Sources
(RES)
1. The third sentence of paragraph 2 of
Article 3 of Law 3468/2006 (GG 129 A)
is replaced as follows:
GG
'This principle or opinion on the
Preliminary Environmental Assessment
and Evaluation (FPRD) or on non-
necessity to comply with this process
and forward its opinion to RAE within
sixty (60) working days upon completion
of the file of Preliminary Environmental
Impact Assessment (MAP ) or directly
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
from the finding that the need to respect
this process. "2. After the last sentence
of paragraph 2 of Article 3 of Law
3468/2006 (GG 129 A) add new
paragraphs as follows:
"To claim, for which the RAE in its
opinion suggests the rejection, the
Minister of Development issued a
decision within forty (40) days after
submission to him the opinion of RAE or
RAE's decision on an application issued
under review paragraph 6 of Article 5 of
Law 2773/1999. If this decision of the
Minister of Development is not issued
within that period, the request shall be
deemed rejected. The Minister of
Development decision may occasionally
extend this period of thirty (30) additional
days. "
3. The period of forty (40) days set out in
Article 3 paragraph 2 of Law 3468/2006
from the date of this Act, for outstanding
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
requests for approval to produce
electricity, for which the entry into force
of this law has been on negative opinion
of RAE.
4. The last sentence of paragraph 4 of
Article 3 of Law 3468/2006 is replaced
as follows:
"There is reason to extend that period or
for any reason, amend or transfer of
license production."
5. License to produce electricity from
renewables issued before the entry into
force of Law 3468 / 2006 and which has
at the time of enactment of this Act
authorized establishment withdrawn
after one year from the commencement
of this Act , by analogy with the
provisions of the third subparagraph of
paragraph 4 of Article 3 of Law
3468/2006. The Minister of
Development, ex-
given after the receipt of the opinion that
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the RAE filed within two (2) months from
the publication of this Act specified the
terms and conditions for the withdrawal
of production licenses mentioned in the
preceding paragraph
and those referred to in paragraph 4 of
Article 3 of Law 3468/2006 and sets out
the procedure and any other details on
the implementation of these provisions.
6. The case of a paragraph 5 of Article 3
of Law 3468/2006 is replaced as follows:

"A) If the installed power or maximum


power production power plant connected
to the System or Network grow once up
to ten percent (10%), but this growth has
occurred to increase the surface area of
land . In this case, the installation permit
under Article 8 is amended after
epanadiatypositon conditions connecting
station by the system administrator or
the network. These provisions do not
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
apply where the channels included in a
special program or kathestos, and areas
with congested networks.
The ability to absorb force in areas with
congested networks found by the RAE,
upon the recommendation of the system
administrator or network. The decision
was disclosed edited by RAE Internet or
any other appropriate manner. "
7. a. After the b of paragraph 5 of Article
3 of Law 3468/2006 c added as follows:
"C) If you reduce the installed power or
maximum power production power plant
connected to the system or network, with
a corresponding reduction in the area of
land."
b. c renumbered d.
8. Paragraph 1 of Article 8 of Law
3468/2006
replaced as follows:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
1. For the installation or extension of
power plant using RES or SITHYA
requires a permit. This permit is
issued by a decision of the
Secretary General of the Region,
within which the station is installed
for all projects ranked 2nd in the A
sub-category in the 3rd or 4th
subcategory of Category B in
accordance with Article 3 of Law
1650/1986 (GG 160 A), as
amended, and regulations issued
by authorization. Authorization
installation issued within fifteen (15)
working days of completion of the
audit process the documents. This
control should always be
completed within a period of thirty
(30) working days from receipt of
the request. If the permit is not
issued within that period, the
responsible Secretary of the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Region issuing declaratory act,
which set out specific and detailed
reasons for the failure of
registration. This act with all the
documents forwarded to the
Minister of Development, who will
decide on the granting of a site
within thirty (30) days of receipt of
these documents. "
9. Paragraph 2 of Article 8 of Law
3468/2006
replaced as follows:
"2. The permit to construct plants
producing electricity from
renewables or SITHYA, which
comes in projects classified under
the subcategory of A, 1st Class, in
accordance with the provisions of
Article 3 of Law 1650/1986 and the
regulatory decisions issued by
authorization , issued by the
Minister of Development, in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
accordance with the procedure and
within the thirty (30) days specified
in the preceding paragraph. "
10. Paragraph 5 of Article 8 of Law
3468/2006
replaced as follows:
"5. For the operation of stations
referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2
required authorization. This license
is granted by decision of the
institution or made under
paragraph 1 responsible for the
authorization facility, at the request
of the individual and scrutiny by the
relevant institutions to comply with
the technical conditions of
establishment during the trial
operation of the station and control
CRES securing the necessary
operational and technical
characteristics of the plant's
equipment. The license is issued
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
within a deadline of fifteen (15)
working days from the completion
of these audits and proceedings, as
set out in the Minister of
Development referred to in
paragraph 10 of this article. 11.
Article 25 of Law 3468 / 2006 is
added in the section D paragraph 3
as follows: "3. Staff employed in
CRES any legal relationship may,
by order of the Minister of
Development, notwithstanding any
general or special order, be
seconded to the Directorate
General for Energy of the Ministry
of Development for providing
scientific, technical and secretarial
support. The salaries of seconded
staff shall do;
lontai by the Ministry of
Development. "
12. The Chapter of Law 3468/2006
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
after Article
Article 25 added 25th as follows:
"Article 25
Every producer of electricity in the
licensed production of hydroelectric
power in accordance with the
provisions of Article 18 of Law 1650
/ 1986 protected areas suffer from
the commencement of commercial
operation of the station for a
specific fee from the provisions of
Article 15 of Law 2742/1999
Management Agency
recommended the protected area.
This fee represents a rate of one
percent (1%) on the before tax,
selling electricity to the system or
network or not
Interconnected islands. The
amounts in the special end of this
article retained by the relevant
Manager and assigned to the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
managing body of the protected
area where the station is installed. "

13. At the end of paragraph 2 of


Article 27 of Law 3468/2006 shall
be added to the initiation of force,
following subparagraph:
"The amendment, extension,
renewal or extension of the
installation and operating permits
that are issued with pre-existing
provisions of this Act, be effected
by decision of the General
Secretary of the Region, within
which the station is installed in
accordance with the procedure and
evidence set out in the Minister of
Development, issued in
accordance with paragraph 10 of
Article 8. Moreover, the provisions
of this Act. "
14. Article 7 of Law 3199/2003 (GG
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
280 A), as amended, added
paragraph 6 as follows:
"6. a) Until such time as the water
resources development programs
under Article 4 of Law 1739/1987
(GG 201 A) or management plans
for river basin districts in this
article, and to licensed water use
and
Project exploitation of water
resources of small hydropower
projects to meet the conditions of
case b below, allow the training
and certification program
development or project
management sub-basin to the
contribution of the main current
flowing to the next equal or higher-
order stream. For this authorization

decision issued by the Secretary


General of the Region in the district
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
within which the region of sub-
basin, with the consent of the
Central Water Authority Ministry of
Environment, Physical Planning
and Public
Projects and ensuring the
compatibility of this program or
project management sub-
management studies with the
Ministry of Development, which
form the basis for Water Resources
Management Plans set out in
Directive 2000/60/EC and in this
law.
b) Notwithstanding the approved
Development Plan or Water
Resources Management Plan in
the previous paragraph, allow a
single authorization of water use
and project execution exploitation
of water resources, as well as
installation and operating permits
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
for small hydroelectric projects
(MYIE), the collected power energy
from renewable sources, as
defined in paragraph 1 of Article 9
of Law 3468/2006, as the installed
capacity does not exceed the limit
specified in the table c, which is
included in case b of paragraph 1
Article 13 of this law. For those
MYIE must be met, the following
additional conditions:
i) does not include storing water in
reservoirs seasonal, annual or
yperetisias regulation.
ii) not alter the water balance of the
drinking water from their system of
surface water (stream, river, lake)
and the situation of the last
operation.
iii) do not divert water from a
surface water body (stream, a river,
lake) in another.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
c) If the small ydroilektika projects
involve a wider cross-shaped water
use (irrigation, water supply, flood
protection, enrichment of aquifers,
etc.) then established project
management of the overall shape
and there are the restrictions of
paragraph b.
d) hydropower, in accordance with
paragraph 1 of Article 9 of
n.3468/2006, why in the adoption
of Water Resources Management
Plan will be in force at least one
water licenses, installation or
operation, are automatically in This
Plan. "
Article 27A Arrangements for
photovoltaic plants
1. The case b of paragraph 1 of
Article 13 of Law 3468/2006 (GG
129 A) is amended as follows: "b)
The pricing of electricity in the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
previous case, apart from electricity
produced by photovoltaic stations
is based on data in the table below.

2. The cases d and e of the table


refers to the case b of paragraph 1
of Article 13 of Law 3468/2006 is
deleted.
3. The pricing of electricity
produced by photovoltaic power is
based on data in the table below:
4. The electricity produced by
photovoltaic station and absorbed
by the system or network pursuant
to the provisions of Articles 9, 10
and 12 paragraph 1 of law
3468/2006, billed monthly per
megawatt hours (MWh) of the
acquired electricity.
The Minister of Development
issued after consultation with the
RAE may change the values in the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
above table. To change was mainly
taken into account the penetration
of photovoltaic power plants in the
country's energy balance, the
achievement of national targets for
RES penetration and impact to the
consumer than the relative burden
of excise tax RES.
5. a) The contract for the sale of
electricity from solar station
concluded for twenty (20) years,
stipulated by the reference value
shown in the table above and
corresponds to the month and year
signed a purchase agreement for
electricity with the appropriate
Manager, provided opening trial
operation or in cases not provided
for trial period to enable the
connection of photovoltaic power,
within eighteen (18) months for
power stations up to 10 MW within
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
thirty six (36) months for the power
stations of 10 MW and above.
Otherwise, as a reference will take
the value corresponding to the
month and year made a start trial
operation or in cases not provided
trial period to enable the
connection of the photovoltaic
plant, according to available power
station at that time.
b) The values specified in the table
above adjusted each year by 25%
the consumer price index last year,
as determined by the Bank of
Greece. If the price quoted in this
list updated as above, is lower than
the average of the System Marginal
Price as configured in the previous
year, increased by 30%, 40%, 40%
and 50% respectively for cases A,
B, C and D in the table above, the
pricing is based on the average
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
limit price of the system last year,
plus their respective above rates. c)
Contracts for sale of electricity from
photovoltaic plants have been
concluded before the
commencement of this Act, for
stations that have not been in
testing or has not activated the link,
modified in accordance with the
provisions of the preceding
paragraphs.
d) Farmers have contracted to sell
electricity from photovoltaic plants
and the entry into force of this Law
have set up their stations as above,
can either modify the contract in
accordance with the provisions of
those subsections to reference
value corresponding to February
2009 and period equal to the time
remaining twenty years of the entry
of plants in operation, to continue
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
to perform the contract ischyysas.
But if we exercise the right to
renew the contract, as provided in
paragraph 2 of Article 12 of Law
3468 / 2006 as sales price will be
stipulated as provided in the above
table that corresponds to the month
and year of renewal .
6. The program provided for in
paragraph 1 of Article 14 of Law
3468/2006 schedule added
production or licensing exemption
decisions on applications for PV
power installed in the Greek
territory, which at the
commencement of this Act has
been the relative opinion or
decision of the RAE, taking into
account the number of applications,
the time for their safety operation
system and network and charge
the consumer through a special fee
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
for the RES. Especially,
applications for license production
of photovoltaic power and a phase-
in exemption are assessed and
addressed, respectively, as
provided for in Articles 3 and 4 of
Law 3468/2006, until 28.2.2009
those submitted to and 31.5.2007,
30.4.2009 until those are made up
to 30.6.2007 and 31.12.2009 by
those submitted by 29.2.2008.
By decision of the Ministers of
Finance and Development, the
terms and conditions and other
criteria of the tender process for
submitting requests for a Year
Month
Grid NOT tied interfaces
A B C D
> 100 kW <= 100 kW> 100 kW <=
100 kW
February 2009 400.00 450.00
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
450.00 500.00
August 2009 400.00 450.00 450.00
500.00
February 2010 400.00 450.00
450.00 500.00
August 2010 392.04 441.05 441.05
490.05
February 2011 372.83 419.43
419.43 466.03
August 2011 351.01 394.88 394.88
438.76
February 2012 333.81 375.53
375.53 417.26
August 2012 314.27 353.56 353.56
392.84
February 2013 298.87 336.23
336.23 373.59
August 2013 281.38 316.55 316.55
351.72
February 2014 268.94 302.56
302.56 336.18
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
August 2014 260.97 293.59 293.59
326.22
2.
During each year n by
2015
1.3 xmOTSn-1-1 xmOTSn 1.4 1.4 1.5
xmOTSn xmOTSn-1-1
mOTSn-1: Average Price Limit System
last year n-1 marketing electricity from
photovoltaic power stations over 10 MW
plaisiodiagonistikis process based
pricing of electricity. The submission of
requests made at the invitation of
Minister of Development, after
consultation with the RAE, in which the
minimum strength of each project and
each prokirys-
someni for licensing power. 7. The
production licenses or decisions
exemption for electricity production from
photovoltaic stations may not be
transferred before
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the opening of channels. 8. Paragraph 3
of Article 14 of Law 3468/2006 is
replaced as follows:
"3. By joint decision of the Ministers of
Economy and Finance, Development
and Environment, Physical Planning and
Public Works, after consultation with the
RAE, a specific Development
Programme Photovoltaic Systems in
buildings and in particular to roofs and
facades of buildings in accordance with
applicable building terms. During the
training program, taking into particular
account the absorption capacity and the
security of grid operation. For the
absorption of power
produced by these systems may be
provided by the clearing of the output
and energy consumption in these
buildings. The same decision shall,
notwithstanding any other provisions
relating to the development of solar
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
power plants, the licensing process,
including o how making such requests,
the pricing of energy produced, the
contents of sales contracts
electricity and any other necessary
details to implement this specific
program. "9. The third sentence of
paragraph 4 of Article 3tou Law
2244/1994, as inserted by paragraph 7
of Article 2 of Law 2941/2001 is replaced
as follows:
"The establishment of stations operating
tisiliakis energy to produce electricity or
thermal energy, wind turbines do not
require planning permission but work
permits issued at the request of the
person concerned by the appropriate
Planning Agency in the area of the
facility pursuant to applicable General
and Special Planning Provisions. The
application was accompanied by
affidavits assignments and undertaking
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
studies and supervision of the project,
and topographic chart with a clear
itinerary, di-illiterate coverage, floor
plans, sections and opsen, project
budget, documentary evidence of
payment of taxes and levies and fees
engineers. "

Article 28 Management and Link stations

Electricity from Renewable Energy


Sources (RES)
1. Supply Connection System or the
Network by Manager responsible for
electrical power generation from
renewables has been before the entry
into force of Law 3468/2006, expires
automatically after six (6) months after
the entry into force this Act. The Supply
Association of the preceding paragraph
may be renewed before its expiry, on
request of the competent manager,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
unless accompanied by consultation or
locating a favorable opinion of the
committee responsible for environmental
permitting services for the Preliminary
Environmental Assessment and
Evaluation (FPRD). The renewal of Bid
Association is the administrator
responsible primarily for once and for
two (2) years from the date hereof.
2. a) Supply Connection System or the
Network for electric power generation
from renewables, which has been the
entry into force of Law 3468/2006 and
before the effective date of the order
D6/F1/13310/18.6.2007 ( FEK 1153 B)
and its duration is not specified, shall
expire automatically after three (3) years
from the date of the original wording.
b) Supply Connection System or the
Network for electric power generation
from renewables, which has been the
entry into force of Law 3468/2006 and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
before the date of this decree and its
duration is less than three (3) years,
valid up to three (3) years from the date
of the original wording.
3. Subject to the provisions of paragraph
1 of this article extends the validity of the
Bid System Connection or Network for
electric power generation from
renewables
have expired on the date of this Act,
unless there is a license installation for a
period until the end of the installation
permit. The extension of the Promotion
Association is made by the responsible
manager with priority over the claims
made for the first formulation Supply
Association or requests made under the
provisions of paragraph 1 of this article.
4. Subject to the provisions of
paragraphs 1 through 3 of this Article,
requests made to extend the Offer
Connection System or the Network for
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
electric power generation from
renewables handled by the responsible
manager to requests for an initial version
Bidding Association.
5. Demands for increased power
production from renewables, up to ten
percent (10%) of the power given to the
Connection Offer and plants that do not
fit into a specific plan or scheme and not
in areas with congested network,
satisfied priority only once in connection
with claims submitted the first version
Supply Association. In all other cases
handled by the Manager as responsible
for claims first
Association Offer expression.
6. In case of withdrawal of electricity
production from RES will lapse
automatically and the relevant Offering
Association.
7. The Minister of Development, upon
the recommendation of administration,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
conditions and procedures for submitting
applications and making Promotion
Association under the technical
parameters of the system or network.
8. In paragraph 2 of Article 15 of Law
2773/1999 (GG 286 A) add the event as
follows: "h. Participates in associations,
organizations or companies, whose
members are managers power
transmission systems, which aim to
process and rule-making joint action to
contribute in the context of EU legislation
in a single internal market in electricity
and in particular the division assignment
of rights and power transmission through
their respective links, and the
management of these rights on behalf of
those managers. "
Article 29 Arrangements for the National
System Operator
Gas Inc. (DESFA SA)
1. Article 7 of PD 24/31.5.1985 added
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
paragraph 6 as follows:
"6. Allowed the construction of facilities
of the company "National System
Operator Gas (DESFA) SA"
notwithstanding the provisions of Article
1 hereof. The exemption was approved
by the Minister of Environment, Physical
Planning and Public Works, upon
recommendation of DESFA Inc. and
opinion of the Central Council for
Physical Planning, Housing and
Environment.
The exception to:
aa) Tin integrity of the land, the surface
of which may not be less than 500 m2.
b) The distance between the facility and
the boundaries of the land, which shall
not be less than 2.50m.
c) The amount of coverage may not
exceed fifty percent (50%) plots of land,
the amount of the rate of construction
land shall not exceed 1.20 and the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
coefficient of volume operators can not
exceed 5.
d) The amount of solid fencing of the
land, if necessary for reasons of public
safety and facilities. This height must not
exceed 4.50 meters. "
2. Where to in paragraph 4 of Article 7 of
Law 3428/2005 (GG 313 A) added last
paragraph as follows:
"The secondment agreement, which
includes the transfer of real rights in
property by DEPA SA to the SA DESFA
without attaching to it certified extracts of
the cadastral charts, as provided in
paragraph 5 of Article 14 of Law 2664 /
1998, inserted by paragraph 9 of Article
2 of Law 3481/2006 (GG 162 A) is valid
and it produces all
the legal consequences. The strength of
the preceding paragraph shall begin on
2/8/2006. "
3.a. Article 17 of Law 3428/2005 added
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
to paragraph 3 as follows:
"3. This procedure of paragraphs 1 and
2 are not required where SAFETY,
which is part of interconnection, which
has been exempted from the obligation
to provide access to third parties as
provided for in Article 22 of Directive
2003/55/EC. In this case, the request for
authorization SAFETY presented
together every element of the relief
granted. SAFETY The permit includes
conditions under which the exemption
was granted. "
b. The existing paragraph 3 renumbered
4.
4. The second and third sentence of
paragraph 3 of Article 18 of Law
3428/2005 as follows: "If the initial and
subsequent interface with the ESFA,
Operation License granted SAFETY
DESFA Inc., except where SAFETY of
whose management is regulated by
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
intergovernmental agreements, or
SAFETY serving exclusively Nominated
Transit. If the License Management
SAFETY granted DESFA Inc., the
licensee SAFETY contract with the
DESFA SA, which kathorizetaito
consideration must DESFA Inc. the
licensee SAFETY receivable from the
total revenue of DESFA Inc. based on
published tariffs for use of SAFETY, due
to take over management of SAFETY. "
5. Article 4 of n.1929/1991 (FEK 19 A),
as amended, added paragraph 4 as
follows: "4. Those who violate the
provisions of subparagraph B and D of
paragraph 1 of this article, is punishable
by imprisonment up to two (2) years and
a fine of at least three thousand (3,000)
million. "
6. In preparing or amending the general
development plan or project Housing
Organization Open City, and the
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inclusion or expansion of a town or
village in the 200 meters on either side
of the axis of the installed pipeline high
pressure needed to be taken into
account and complied with safety
standards high-pressure pipeline DESFA
SA.
7. In DESFA Inc. apply mutatis
mutandis:
a) of paragraph 1 of Article 1 of Law
367/1976 (GG 162 A)
b) of paragraph 2 of Article 25 of Law
1892/1990
(GG 101 A)
c) Articles 4 and 5 of Law 1929/1991
(FEK 19 A)
d) of paragraph 5 of Article 12 of Law
2289/1995
(Official Gazette 27 A)
e) of paragraph 3 of Article 6 and Article
20A of Law 2052/1992 (FEK 94 A) and
f) the ninth article of the Law 87/1975,
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which fine-
was Article 29 of Law 2115/1993 (Official
Gazette 15 A) as
they are valid.
8. a. At the end of paragraph 2 of Article
58
Law 998/1979 (GG 289 A), as amended,
added
paragraph as follows:
"Notwithstanding the foregoing, the
authorization response for the
installation of transmission and gas
distribution in forests and wooded land
granted by decision of the Secretary
General of the Region, following the
administration of the Environmental
Conditions (PSC) during the applicable
provisions."
b. From the first sentence of paragraph 2
of Article 58 of Law 998/1979, the words
"natural gas".
Article 30 Arrangements for the Centre
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for Renewable
Energy Sources (CRES)
1. Paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 1 of
Presidential Decree 375/1987
(GG 167 A) are replaced as follows:
"1a. A private legal entity under the
name "Center for Renewable Energy
Sources and Energy Saving" and
trademark "CRES. That name for
relations with the outside translates to
«Centre for Renewable Energy Sources
and Saving» and has a distinctive title
«CRES».
b. Where the Presidential Decree
founding of that legal person by law or
administrative action the name "Center
for Renewable Energy Sources" means
now the Centre for Renewable Energy
and Conservation.
2. CRES is a non-profit and charitable
organization has administrative and
financial autonomy and is supervised by
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the Ministry of Development. "
2. Article 2 of Presidential Decree
375/1987 is replaced as follows:
"Article 2
Chair of the Community CRES defined
Pikermi in Attica. "
3.a. Paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 10 of
Presidential Decree
375/1987 are amended as follows:
1. The organization serves the CRES
function of energy planning and energy
policy in the country, and that the
development of energy research and
technology mainly in terms of renewable
energy and energy conservation.
2. The specific structure of CRES
services is determined by the Board that
approved by the Ministers of
Development and Finance. "
b. Paragraph 3 of Article 10 of
Presidential Decree 375/1987 is
repealed.
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4. Section 15 of PD 375/1987 is
amended as follows:
"Article 15
The re-organization and structure of the
Centre, the individual responsibilities of
the administrative units, the functions of
any kind for the Centre and in general
every detail necessary for the proper
and efficient operation, governed by its
rules, drawn up by the Board of CRES
and approved by the Ministers of
Development and Finance. "
Article 31 Provisions of the Public Gas
Corporation SA
(DEPA)
1. Paragraph 22 of Article 7 of Law
2364/1995 (GG 252 A), as amended, is
amended as follows:
'22. The depreciation of the rights of the
ECN or the Gas Company, if applicable,
paragraph 4 of Article 4 of this Act
acquired by the PSC is conducted in
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stages and equally in time have the right
to use and enjoyment thereof. The
preceding paragraph shall apply
analogously to the expenditure by the
PSC for making non-owned natural gas
distribution networks. "
2. Article 7 of Law 2364/1995 added to paragraph 23 which reads as follows:
'23. Contributions in kind referred to in paragraph 4 of Article 4 of this Act by the
ECN to the corresponding CPC, which contributed towards the share capital
each, measured on the basis of valuation report prepared by an independent
auditor, notwithstanding Article 9 of cl 2190/1920, as amended. The
ekthesiapotimisis must:
a) provide a description of each asset is the contribution in kind
b) state the valuation methods applied,
c) attests, if the values resulting from the Implementation of these valuation
methods correspond at least to the number and the nominal value of shares
issued in respect of contributions or, if there is a known denomination, at book
value taking into account the difference over the discount is likely to result from
the share issue. If the valuation report prepared by conducting the tender of
paragraph 6 of Article 4 of this Law, it may be updated in order to reflect the
financial bid of a private investor participation in the capital of the PSC and any
assumptions of this writing, under which determined the value of that offer.
These reports are submitted to the publication requirements of article 7b of CL
2190/1920. "
3. H Paragraph 2 of Article 44 of Law 2773/1999 (GG 286 A), as amended, is
repealed.
4. Where to in paragraph 4 of Article 7 of Law 3428/2005 (GG 313 A) added the
second paragraph as follows:
"The DEPA not required to submit a statement engrapteou right, or any request
or application for correction or objection on the proprietary rights to these
properties, in derogation from Articles 1, 2, 6 and 10 of Law 2308/1995. The
strength of
preceding paragraph shall begin on 15/6/1995. "5. Paragraph 13 of Article 7 of
n.3428/2005 amended as follows: 13. By decisions of the Board of DEPA:
a) identify the number of jobs and skills of staff engaged for the needs and b)
can be employed to ten (10) consultants or experts working relationship with
associates private limited time to meet specific needs. These recruitments are
subject to the conditions and terms of paragraph 1 of Article 17 of Law
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3429/2005.
6. Paragraph 2 of Article 21 of n.3428/2005
replaced as follows:
"2. The latest DESFA the establishment of SA, the gas distribution companies
(ECN) incorporated under the provisions of Law 2364/1995 merged into a single
marketing authorization in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2 of
Article 4 of Law 2364/1995. "
7. In paragraph 2 of Article 21 of n.3428/2005 prostithetaiedafio second, which
reads: "Following the merger of these into a single ECN ECN, where the
provisions of n.2364/1995, as applicable, refer to gas distributor, means "the
uniform gas distribution companies has emerged as above and which
participates in the capital and the new PSC will be established in accordance
with paragraph 4 of this Article."
Article 32 Arrangements relating to the Council for National
Energy Strategy (NPC)
1. Paragraph 1 of Article 2 of Law 3438/2006 (FEK 33 A) add an element as
follows:
'K. Providing, upon decision of the Minister of Development and Executive Task
technocratic support for the Administration of the Ministry for the promotion and
implementation of research and development of the energy wealth of the
country. "
2. The last sentence of paragraph 1 of Article
4 of Law 3438/2006 is repealed.
3. At the end of paragraph 2 of Article 4 of
n.3438/2006, as amended, added passages
follows:
"The posting is made, notwithstanding any general or special order at the
request of the President of NPC, with a joint decision of where the responsible
Minister and the Minister of Development, or only by a decision of the Minister
of Development, where the removable serving a supervised entity that the
Minister, after consulting the institution administration. The remuneration of the
detached, and all the benefits of their post, except those associated with the
active performance of duties borne by the NPC. The duration
the posting shall be deemed effective years of service in the department from
which detached, maintaining all insurance and pension rights. "
4. Article 4 of Law 3438/2006, as amended, added paragraphs 4 and 5 as
follows:
"4. The salaries of scientists and special partner of Special Scientific Secretariat
established jointly by the Ministers of Finance and Development. The same
decision may be granted to regular staff, in addition to statutory leave, and
special
bonus.
5. In detached positions of specialists and specialized associates are paid by
choice, or any kind of salary and allowances received during the time of posting
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or the salary set by the decision of the previous paragrafou.I choice is a final
statement of removable media one month after the occurrence of posting to be
submitted to the Special Scientific Registry of NPC. If the period is missed, the
removable as retaining its earnings release by
seconded. "
Article 33 Arrangements for the Public
Power Inc. (PPC)
1. The g of paragraph 2 of Article 19 of Law 2773/1999 (GG 286 A), as
applicable, in the fifth to the end that is replaced as follows:
"In PPC SA granted by this law license to produce electricity for the renewal and
replacement of old capacity units with new modern technology, unlimited power.

The Minister of Development, issued after consultation with the RAE defines the
general and specific terms and conditions for issuing any new production unit
under the provision of this Article in accordance with the law and the Rules of
Licensing of Production and Supply of Electricity as applicable. Two months
before the date of inclusion in the system or networks for any new unit, PPC a
request for fixing and replacing old units, the corresponding power. The Minister
of Development, issued after consultation with the RAE and the
recommendation of my competent manager, determine the status and operating
conditions of such Units (or dismantling into standby or emergency supply of
ancillary services). "
1.a. The pending requests PPC submitted in accordance with the provisions of
Article 23, paragraph 12 of n.3175/2003 and Article 19 paragraph 1 of Law
3587/2007, under the arrangements now present.
2. Article 24 of Law 3377/2005 (GG 202 A) is amended as follows:
"Article 24
1. The provisional single license granted in accordance with paragraph 5 of
Article 8 of Law 2941/2001 (GG 201 A) on PPC units, referred to in Article 42 of
Law 2773/1999 (GG 286 A) and are included in the single permit production of
PPC as amended, extended until 31.12.2013.
2. Units of PPC, which have been licensed for production from 24/1/2002 until
entry into force, until 31/12/2013 Temporary License as defined in paragraph 5
of Article 8 of Law 2941 / 2001 (GG 201 A).
3. Referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 apply to many of these units of PPC
transferred to the company "PPC Renewables SA.
4. Units referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, including units of the PPC are listed
in Appendix (Tables A, B and C) the decision of the Minister of Development
D5/IL/A/25396/20.12. 2007 (FEK 2487 B). "
3. By joint decision of the Ministers of Development and Environment, Physical
Planning and Public Works committee is formed, which will prepare a proposal
to amend and simplify existing licensing process in the electricity sector,
including ensuring the coordination of the authorities involved in law in this
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process. To the committee include representatives of the Ministry of
Development, Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works, the
Energy Regulatory Authority and the Council of National Energy Strategy and, if
necessary, executives and other experts as appropriate competent Ministries or
agencies, teachers, university or TEI, and experts on energy issues.
In the same decision sets out how we work, the duration of the compensation of
its members and any other necessary detail.
Article 34 Other provisions
1. The last sentence of paragraph 2 of Article 3 of Law 3051/2002 (GG 220 A)
applies to the President and members of the Competition Commission.
2.a. Article 22 of Decree 1044/1971 (GG 245 A) add paragraph 4 as follows:
"4. Be installed in kiosks photovoltaic proper size only to meet their own energy
needs. In this case the type and size of stands, construction meq interventions
to increase the size of existing stands, technical specifications, criteria and all
necessary details for the installation of photovoltaic panels on the roof and the
accompanying equipment into the booth and relative
marked as "solar pavilion" out jointly by the Ministers of Development, National
Defence and the Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works. "b. The
joint decision provided for in paragraph shall be issued within six months from
the entry into force.
3. Quantities verbatim biodiesel, which katanemithikangia 2008 and not
disposed of by the beneficiaries up to December 31, 2008, available in the year
2009 and until exhaustion, applied the relevant provisions of existing laws
3054/2002 and 2960 / 2001 and the regulations. The validity of a provision of
the preceding paragraph beginning 1.1.2009.
4.a. Article 4 of Law 3325/2005 (FEK 68 A) is added to paragraph 8 as follows:
"8.a. The expansion of industrial units, located in what county, adjoining land of
neighboring counties. In this case the licensing authority of existing plant, which
should take into account any special restrictions or conditions of the area
expansion. If the area is forest, nature requires that provided by Article 56 of
Law 998/1979 approving response.
b. For the extension from a neighboring county in the region of Attica industrial
units, which perform the activities specified in Article 17 of Law 3325/2005
requires that the conditions of that provision, the existence of which is
demonstrated by the competent authorities the prefecture.
c. Extensions of the preceding paragraph may apply to the provision of Article
28 of Law 3325/2005. In the Joint Ministerial Decision provides that this
provision shall also use the stadium's expansion of tis egkatastasis, egkrinontai
the environmental conditions for tin and epektasi leitourgia the unit kai oi
kathorizontai obligations, restrictions and other necessary oroi and conditions of
licensing and operation of establishment. The area expansion may not exceed
fifty percent (50%) of the surface area of the main facility. "
b. Paragraphs 8 and 9 of Article 4 of Law 3325/2005
renumbered 9 and 10 respectively.
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5.a. Paragraph 1 of Article 17 of Law 3054/2002
(GG 230 A), as amended, replaced as follows:
"1.a. The Minister of Development or the competent body in case of any breach
of law, and by authorization of the regulatory decisions issued, a fine of five
thousand (5000) to
ένα εκατομμύριο five hundred thousand (1,500,000) euros. For the amount of
the fine imposed shall be taken as criteria, in particular the gravity of the
offense, the consequences arising therefrom, the degree of fault and any repeat
offenders. For tinaxiologisi delinquent behavior as recurrence, taking into
account the existing entries in penalties. At relapse, whoever within three years
from the decision, which imposed on him a fine or other penalty for any of these
offenses, is a new offense.
b. By a decision of that minister may category goriopoiountai these violations
and to establish a procedure for imposing the limits of the fine in each category
or each individual failure within the limits of the first paragraph of this and any
other necessary detail. A similar
Decision can be adjusted to those limits.
c. For the same offense just fine by a competent authority to do so pursuant to
the provisions of existing legislation by the Ministry of Development. Any
imposition of a fine second for the same offense does not produce any legal
effect. The imposition of a fine not preclude other administrative sanctions as
may be prescribed by statute.
d. The Minister of Development, any infringement of the provisions hereof, may,
after considering the consequences for the wider general public, publicly
through the press or by other appropriate means the sanctions imposed by
paragraph 1 of this. "
b. Paragraph 4 of Article 2 of Law 3335/2005 (FEK 95 A) is repealed and
paragraph 5 of this section shall be renumbered 4.
c. Paragraph 7 of Article 22 of n.3054/2002 (GG 230 A), as amended, is
amended as follows: "7.a. Failure to comply with the provisions of the Decree
referred to in paragraph 1 and decisions prefects issued pursuant to paragraph
3, it is a decision of the Prefect fine of fifteen thousand (15,000) to twenty
thousand (20,000) million. The said fine shall be certified by the competent
department of the Prefecture and collected
accordance with KEDE from the tax office the county seat where the natural or
legal person is required. By decision of the Ministers of Finance and
Development can be adjusted in fine of this paragraph.
b. The provisions of paragraph 3 of Article 23 of Law 2224/1994 (GG 112 A), as
applicable, apply in this case '
6. In paragraph 3 of Article 13 of Law 272/1976 (Official Gazette 70 A), add the
following subparagraph:
"Especially for the proceeds of IGME from providing services to third parties is
possible, of these, after deducting the costs of implementation, to be placed by
the Minister of Development, upon recommendation of the Board IGME, to
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conduct basic research programs, research, education and training programs,
as well as to fund other activities or obligations of IGME, such as those arising
from insurance contracts which are not covered by state subsidy to High
Budget. "
7. Article 3 of the Statute of Administration and Management Public Benefit
Foundation DISSEMINATION CENTER MUSEUM OF SCIENCE AND
TECHNOLOGY, ratified by paragraph 2 of Article mere presidential decree
"Approved recommendation charitable organization called" CENTER SPREAD
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY MUSEUM "and ratification of the body (GG
1411/V/22.10.2001) added the third paragraph as follows:
"3. The foundation for the fulfillment of its objectives may be sponsored by the
Public Investment Programme of the Ministries of Finance and Development
and the regular budget of the General Secretariat for Research and Technology
Development Department, and any other lawful source. "
8. The strength of temporary operating licenses under Article 10 of Law
3279/2004 (GG 205 A) is extended until September 10, 2013.
9. The Ministry of National Development Coordinator position is recommended
for Research and Technology to promote and monitor the implementation of the
Lisbon Strategy in their respective subjects. The National Coordinator is an
independent, single-person advisory body, recommended by the Minister of
Development and reports directly to him. By joint decision of the Ministers of
Interior, Finance and Development to determine the powers of the National
Coordinator, salary status, qualified employment, the composition of his office

10 of Law 3279/2004
and any other necessary detail

(GG 205 A) is extended until September


10, 2013.
9. The Ministry of National Development
Coordinator position is recommended for
Research and Technology to promote
and monitor the implementation of the
Lisbon Strategy in their respective
subjects. The National Coordinator is an
independent, single-person advisory
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body, recommended by the Minister of
Development and reports directly to him.
By joint decision of the Ministers of
Interior, Finance and Development to
determine the powers of the National
Coordinator, salary status, qualified
employment, the composition of his
office and any other necessary detail.
10. To meet the needs arising in the
evaluation of applications under
paragraph 6 of Article 27A, the
Secretariat of the RAE, recommended
twenty (20) jobs dikaiouorismenou
private time, other than those provided
by the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3
Article 37 of Law 3428/2005. The
duration of these contracts can not be
automatically extended and expires on
30.6.2010, without any other act. The
recruitment of these positions is the
President of the RAE and the hired staff
apply mutatis mutandis to paragraph 6 of
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Article 5 of Law 3297/2004 (GG 259 A).
The costs arising from the
implementation of previous provisions
are entirely
the budget of the RAE.
11. Paragraph 2 of Article 28 of Law
2773/1999 is replaced as follows:
"2. By joint decision of the Ministers of
Finance and Development sets the fee
for the issuance, modification and
transfer of production licenses and
exemption decisions and annual fees for
the use of permits and of those
exceptions. "
12. The Minister of Development,
published in the Government Gazette
shall exidikefontai institutions and
planning procedures, planning,
management and control of state aid by
the Ministry of Development under Law
3614/2007 (FEK267 A).
13. Article 14 of Decree
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91852/4359/9.12.1975 "On the
organization of Services touViotechnikou
Chamber of Thessaloniki (GG 1510V) is
repealed.
Article 35 Commission of the "oil pipeline

Burgas - Alexandroupolis "


By joint decision of the Ministers of
Interior, Finance and Development
Committee may recommend consisting
of the Prefect of Evros prefecture and
representatives of the Regional
Administration, local authorities a
degree, and professional and other
bodies
same prefecture in connection with the
work "petrelaiou pipeline Burgas -
Alexandroupolis, under the Tripartite
Agreement as ratified by Law 3558/2007
(GG 101 A). To establish the
Commission issued a decision of the
prefect. In the same ministerial decision
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sets out the Commission's
responsibilities, how they work, the
financial resources available for funding
the project in relation to assist ministries
in negotiating the terms of the transit
agreement with the company project
TRANS BALKAN PBV, to perform the
procedures for design, construction and
operation touagogou provided in this
Agreement and in overseeing the work.
It also describes how and the
management and control bodies of the
grant, the relevant procedures and any
other necessary detail.
Article 36 Arrangements for Emergency
Energy Market
1.a. Article 15 of Law 2773/1999, as
amended, added paragraphs 5, 6 and 7
as follows:
"5. Notwithstanding the provisions of
paragraph 4 and to ensure the
immediate availability of power
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generation of electricity and adequate
power margins for the years 2009 and
2010, the System Operator may enter
into contracts for power availability for
new gas turbine power plants fast start,
rated power to leave power to 150 MW,
which fits into the system until
1/12/2009. These plants given a
financial incentive in the form of
guaranteed income, which ensured the
minimum net revenue that the station
may be taken as a whole, the
symmetochi of the Daily Energy
Planning (IEP), the Market Mechanism
and Reserve Force Availability, minus
the variable cost of power and
particularly fuel costs. If the station is put
into commercial operation by 1.7.2009,
the amount of guaranteed income is the
sum of seventy thousand (70.000) per
MW power available year. For station put
into commercial operation since
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1.7.2009 and until 1/12/2009, this
amount is reduced proportionately per
day, by way of the Guaranteed Income
1/12/2009 reach fifty five thousand
(55.000) per MW available effect and
year. The above Guaranteed Income
allocated to three (3) years from the
position of the station in commercial
operation. The time period may be
extended for an additional year by the
Minister of Development after
consultation with the RAE. The Minister
of Development, after consultation with
the RAE, issued within two (2) months
from the commencement of this Act lays
down detailed rules for calculating the
guaranteed income, any specific
technical requirements which take into
account relevant best available
technologies way clearing, the specific
terms of these contracts and in particular
power availability guarantees and
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penalties for non-availability above, and
any other necessary detail.
6. For the licensing procedure of power
stations in paragraph 5 shall apply the
relevant provisions of existing legislation
for the licensing power plants.
Specifically with regard to the licensing
process limits the channels mentioned in
paragraph 5 of this Article are the
following:
a) The time of the order D5/IL /
V/F1/17951/6.12.2000 (GG 1498
V/8.12.2000) apply as follows:
aa) The period mentioned in paragraph
1 of Article 5
set at twenty (20) days.
ab) The period mentioned in paragraph
3 of Article 5
is ten (10) days.
ac) The period referred to in paragraph 1
of Article 6
is ten (10) days.
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ad) The period referred to in paragraph 1
of Article 10
set at twenty (20) days.
PA) The period mentioned in paragraph
1 of Article 11
shall be fifteen (15) days
b) The period mentioned in paragraph 4
of Article 4 of
Joint Ministerial Decision
11014/703/F104/14.3.2003
(GG 332 V/20.3.2003) shall be thirty (35)

days.
c) The time of the order D6/F1 /
8295/19.4.1995 (GG 385 V/10.5.1995)
apply as follows:
ca) The period mentioned in paragraph 3
of Article 1.I.D
shall be fifteen (15) days.
cb) The period specified in Article 1.II.V
thirty
(30) days.
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7. RAE within its powers, as provided in
cases a and b of paragraph 1 of Article 5
of 2773/1999, when evaluating
applications submitted for licenses,
monitors conditions to ensure
competition, including and monitoring
issues mergers. "b. The existing
paragraphs 5 and 6 of Article 15 of Law
2773/1999 renumbered 8 and 9
respectively.
2. In paragraph 7 of Article 6 of Law
2244/1994 (GG 222 A) add points as
follows: "Through the process of the
upper edafiou may, notwithstanding the
provisions of existing law to be engaged
in any PPC temporary employment
relationship staff, which has suffered
permanent physical disability of at least
50% following an accident in the
company. If the appointment is not
legally possible because of perceived
incompetence executing any work in the
ΠΑ
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Company
applicable provision of the first sentence
of this paragraph. The validity of these
verses begins 1st Ja-
Noir 2008. "
3. Deleted paragraph 3 of Article 3 of
Law 134/1975 (GG 180 A) and
paragraph 4 of that article
anarithmeitaise 3.
Article 37 Arrangements for geothermal
1. In point i of paragraph 1 of Article 2tou
Law 3175/2003 (GG 207 A) add the
following subparagraph:
"The management may involve a part
tougeothermikou field at low
temperature."
2. In the third sentence of paragraph 1 of
Article 4 of Law 3175/2003, the word
"five" is replaced by the word "ten (10)."
3. Paragraph 2 of Article 4 of Law
3175/2003
replaced as follows: "2. For sites that
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have not been investigated or potential
geothermal fields in leased the right
research. The competition between the
contestants refer to expenses for
conducting research in the area under
lease, the kind of research and
development phase in over time
execution and the costs are incurred. If
after the research period specified in the
contract, certified proven geothermal
field and submitted within three (3)
months from the tenant economical
design management
scope, given to him and the right
management, unless the study is
considered by the landlord of a reasoned
decision as wrong, inadequate or
unattractive. In such a case occurs,
automatically, the lease option and
proceed
procedure for submission of bids, as
provided
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down by the provisions of this Act. To
concession management followed
also the procedure laid down in Article
14
where management includes the
distribution of tempera-
nomic power to others. "
4. Article 4 of Law 3175/2003 added
para-
paragraph 5 and 6, and the existing
paragraph 5 per-
Rhythm & 7:
"5. Where are confirmed low-
temperature geothermal fields are
surrounded by or adjacent to potential
geothermal fields, hiring the right
management of established the right of
investigation of possible low-temperature
geothermal fields can be made uniform
with a tender. The competition of bidders
in this case refers to both criteria of
paragraph 2 and paragraph 3 of this
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article.
6. In cases where the competition for
hiring the right management witnessed
low-temperature geothermal field
declared unsuccessful, is repeated
within one year from the date of adoption
Sveta declared barren. Although the
second contest declared unsuccessful,
the Secretary General of the Region
may, on the basis of geological and
economic and technical study prepared
by the IGME, hire the right management
for parts of the geothermal field, giving
priority to rural farms. The lease is a
contest conducted in accordance with
the provisions of paragraph 1 and
timeleti IGME. The competition among
bidders relates to the amount of the
budget, the viability of the investment
and the type of use of parts of the
geothermal field. The lease of the right
to manage parts of the geothermal field
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
is for ten (10) years. The duration of the
lease may be renewed for additional five
(5) years, subject to the terms of the
contracts and terms of environmental
protection where necessary. When the
lease on a farm in the geothermal field
for the award requires the prior
agreement of NAGREF, which is
provided within one month of submitting
the request. In any case, after five (5)
years from the declaration of barren and
the second contest of this paragraph and
in accordance with the procedure in
paragraph 3 of this may be carried out to
tender for hiring the right management
witnessed low-temperature geothermal
field in whole, even If you are hiring the
right management
portions of the geothermal field. In this
case, the tenant the right to manage the
geothermal field is included in the rights
and obligations of the State, as lessor of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the above rental agreements the right to
manage parts of the geothermal field. "
5. The first sentence of paragraph 1 of
Article 5
Law 3175/2003 is replaced as follows:
"The Minister of Development adjust the
specific terms and procedure of the
lease referred to in paragraphs 1, 2 and
3 of Article 4 Rights and general
management of geothermal fields in the
country."
6. Article 5 of Law 3175/2003 added to
paragraph 2 and the existing paragraphs
2 and 3 renumbered 3 and 4,
respectively 2. The Minister of
Development regulated
eidikoteroioroi the rental process and the
right management departments
established as geothermal in paragraph
6 of Article 4. In that decision, inter alia
established:
(A) Procedure.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
(B) The specific terms of the notice.
(C) The evidence submitted by the
candidates
tenants.
(D) The criteria for evaluating
applications.
(E) The bonds to participate in
competitions;
tion and performance of the contract
terms.
(F) The terms of the lease.
(G) The method for determining
minimum and propor-
tural rents. "
7. In the first sentence of paragraph 1 of
Article
9 n.3175/2003 deleted the word
"acquired".
8. Paragraph 1 of Article 9 of
n.3175/2003, the last paragraph.
9. Article 9 of Law 3175/2003, a new
paragraph 3 as follows:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
"3. An audit of research and exploitation
of geothermal fields exerted by the
Mines Inspection Regulation under the
Mining Quarry Operations, Rules of the
Geothermal Business and Mining Code.
To carry out such checks, inspections
may require the assistance of IGME. "
10. In the 3175/2003 Law added a new
Article 10 as follows:
"Article 10
Incentives for development of
geothermal energy 1. By joint decision of
the Ministers of Finance and
Development may lay down specific
incentives for the development of energy
systems
heating - cooling of Article 11.
2. A similar decision may be adopted
specific incentives for the development
of research and exploitation of
geothermal fields. The decision was
issued after consultation with the RAE,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
where among the incentives offered,
including the guaranteed selling price of
electricity where the geothermal field is
used for electricity generation. "
11. At the end of the first subparagraph
of paragraph 1 of Article 13 of Law
3175/2003 the words "other than the
sale of leasing rights to which Article 7 of
this.
12. At the end of the first subparagraph
of paragraph 1 of Article 14 the words
"except in the case of paragraph 9 of this
article.
13. Article 14 of Law 3175/2003 added
to paragraph 9 as follows:
"9. If the exploitation of low-temperature
geothermal field exclusively distribute
thermal energy farms, the heat
distribution license granted by the
Minister of Development after
consultation with the relevant RegionThe
Minister of Development sets out the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
specific terms of the license distribution
of the preceding paragraph, which
should, inter alia, to ensure that the
public interest, the obligation transparent
trading conditions, determining the
methodology for calculating tariffs,
compliance of
safety conditions and environmental
protection, how to check compliance
with permit conditions, the procedure for
withdrawing and provide any
guarantees. "
Article 38 Insurance ELGA - Regulation
Scholarships
Ministry of Rural Development and Food
1. The provisions of paragraph 3,
paragraphs a and b of Article 7 of Law
2945/2001 (GG 223 A) continue to apply
amended are as follows:
"3.a. Since the entry into force of this
law, the objects of insurance and the
insured risks defined in Articles 3 and 3a
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
of Law 1790/1988, only those directly
insured or those defined in the
Regulations of ELGA insurance, in force
at the beginning force of law. Insurance
in accordance with the above regulations
by amendment.
b. Decisions of the Ministers of Economy
and Finance, Rural Development and
Food, issued upon recommendation of
the Board of ELGA and published in the
Gazette, set the start time and
conditions of insurance and risk
insurance articles to Articles 3 and 3a
Law 1790/1988, which is not directly
secured in the previous case a. In those
decisions determine the amount of
expenses incurred and the method of
coverage.
2. After paragraph 7 of Article 10 of Law
3698/2008 added to paragraph 8 as
follows:
"8. a) The Minister of Agriculture will
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
establish the payment of grants under
paragraph 7 of this article.
b) The Secretariat for the Committee
referred to in paragraph 7 of this Article
shall be entrusted to the Directorate of
Education of the Ministry of Rural
Development and Food. The Minister for
Rural Development and Food, as
Secretary of the Commission, his
deputy, a member of staff of that
Department. "
Article 39 contiguous Functional
Integration Principle
Hospitality Complexes
Contiguous and intersected by natural or
artificial obstacle to the main hotel
accommodations may be receiving
approval from the competent services of
the Greek National Tourism Organisation
(EOT), functional integration, and be
granted a single Special
Operating signals (ESA) with the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
following conditions:
1) The hotels are adjacent to or
intersected by natural or artificial
obstacle and proof is the legal adoption
above the ground or underground
passage.
2) The hotels belong idioktisiakasto
same natural or legal person.
3) The hotel complex is the main hotel
accommodation of the same type and
rating in stars.
4) be adopted and implemented within
the existing legislation necessary
building permits.
5) There will be no change (enhance or
decrease) the rate of construction or
coverage of each of synenoumenon
business.
6) There will be no enhancement of the
total number of beds in combination with
hotels.
7) The public areas include all
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
capacity of a single unit.
8) In case of future re-independence of
one or more business units created will
be fully cover the legal, technical and
quality standards applicable at the time
epanakatatmisis them.
Article 40
1. The validity of the provision of
paragraph 2 of Article 12 of Law
3631/2008 shall be extended after its
expiry on 31.12.2008 until 31.12.2009.
By the same date applies to the order of
the second sentence of paragraph 1 of
Article 35 of Law 3419/2005.
2. The validity of Law 3653/2008 (Official
Gazette 49 A) starts 1.1.2010, unless
otherwise specified in individual orders.
The preceding paragraph shall be valid
from 1.1.2009.
41
1) To Greek government represented by
the Minister of Tourism or any person
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
specially authorized by the Minister that
it may recommend SA named
"AGRICULTURAL TOURISM AND
FORMS IPIES ANAPSE CHIS-SA and
the distinctive title" field. T.I.M.A. SA to
build and the process of implementing
the policy of the Ministry of Tourism on
rural tourism and mild alternative forms
of tourism, under the principle of
sustainable development.
2) Toarchiko share capital will amount to
a minimum amount of three hundred
thousand (300,000) euros, divided into
shares which are entirely borne by the
Greek government and non-transferable.

3) The General Assembly of the Greek


State is represented by the Ministers of
Economy and Finance and Tourism. The
company is overseen by the Tourism
Minister, and operates in accordance
with the provisions of Law 3429/2005
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
(GG 314 A) of the Statute, as a
complement to
provisions of Law 2190/1920.
4) The statutes of the company will be
established by notarial act out the
location, duration, purpose and issues of
organization, administration and
operation, in accordance with the
present Law 3429/2005 and the CL .
2190/1920 (FEK 144 A), as whenever
applicable.
5) The company's resources come from:
a) grants from the Public Investment
Program, including technical assistance
programs financed by the European
Union or national resources, b) High
BUD
calculus, c) the holding of assets, d)
gifts, bequests or grants from any
institution, e) on loans of any kind and f)
any other legitimate source.
6) In fulfilling the objectives of the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
company can operate as a service of
general economic interest, which may be
sponsored by national and Community
resources by adopting the relevant
decisions of the Ministers of Tourism and
Economy and Finance, which will be
determined and all necessary
arrangements to implement this.
7) The company is managed by a nine
Board.
8) Any specific issues relating to the
structure of the services, responsibilities,
personnel of the company to any such
fees and allowances and the expenses
and compensation of the management
company regulated by specific
regulations, issued the Board of
Directors and approved by resolutions of
the Ministers of Economy and Finance
and Tourism.
42
1. The opening hours of shops bottled
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
drinks (liquor stores) are regulated in
Article 1 is the joint decision
1169/3.2.1994 Labour and Public Order,
as confirmed by Article 14 of Law
2194/1994 (FEK 34 A).
2. At the end of paragraph 9 of Article 1
of Law 2323/1995 (GG 145 A), as
applicable, add points which are as
follows:
"The licensees exercise stationary open
trade in (a), (c) (d) and (e) shall be
excluded from the process of drawing
lots to determine the placement which
will be installed in the holder. Also, the
process of drawing lots to determine this
location, excluding holders of outdoor
exercise stationary trade whose license
will be renewed in accordance with the
provisions of Article 5 of PD 254 / 2005
(GG 307 A). "
3. The second sentence of paragraph 3
of Article 17 of Law 3377/2005 (GG 202
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
A), as amended, replaced as follows:
"Also, the sale of books outdoors by
publishers or booksellers players if they
have been before five (5) years and are
available at reduced prices."
4. Paragraph 5 of Article 2 of Law
3297/2004
(GG 259 A) is amended as follows: "5.
The mandate of the Consumer
Ombudsman and Deputy Ombudsman
set four years. Re the same person as
the Consumer Ombudsman is
authorized for another term, consecutive
or not. In case of resignation or
termination Ombudsman or Deputy
Ombudsman, appointed replacement for
the remaining term of the resigned or
suspended member, which at the end of
the extended automatically for an
even a full term. The mandate of the
Ombudsman and Deputy Ombudsman
shall be extended automatically to the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
new appointment. "
43
1. To the second sentence of paragraph
1 of Article 17 of Law 1023/1980 (FEK
47 A) as amended and is replaced as
follows:
"The extent of this right, the procedure
and method of payment and collection,
and any other necessary detail shall be
settled by the Agency's street markets of
Athens - Piraeus to street markets
operating in the region of southeastern
Athens-Piraeus, the Organisation of
Thessaloniki street markets on street
markets operating in the region of
southeastern Thessaloniki and the
General Secretary of the Region for the
other public markets in the country. "
2. The third and fourth sentence of
paragraph 4 of Article 17 of Law
1023/1980, as amended and is replaced
as follows: "The amount attributable to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
these federations and organizations with
similar purposes, may be available for
modernization, veltiositis the operation
and promotion of public markets, and to
cover part of the functional requirements
of the Associations and operators with a
similar purpose. The allocation of this
sum by the federations and agencies
with similar purposes, for that purpose
may after approval of the Ministers of
Finance and Development. "
3. The resources of the Special Account
Fund abolished street markets to
strengthen the federations referred to in
paragraph 4 of Article 17 of Law
1023/1980, as they entered the state
budget, in accordance with the decision
of the Minister 2/82565/12.11.2008
Economy and Finance, all funded by the
bodies referred to in paragraph 4 of
Article 17 of Law 1023/1980. By decision
of Minister of Development, in the last
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
sentence of paragraph 4 of Article 17 of
Law 1023/1980, down and further terms,
conditions and procedure for disposal of
the amount paid to players with a similar
purpose in the third and fourth
subparagraph of paragraph 4 of Article
17 of Law 1023/1980.
44
1. The second sentence of paragraph 1
of Article 2 of Law 3242/2004 (GG 102
A) is amended as follows: "Where the
applicable legislation referred to the
Minister of Press and Mass Media or
cabinet member who supervises the
General Secretariat of Communication
and Information, hereinafter means the
Minister of Interior. "
2. The first sentence of paragraph 5 of
Article
2 of Law 3242/2004 is replaced as
follows: "A presidential decree issued
upon proposal of the Minister of Interior,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
established the organization of these
General Secretaries, allocate
responsibilities and adjust to any other
matter relating to their operation."
3. Paragraph 6 of Article 2 of Law
3242/2004 is replaced as follows:
"6. By decision of the Prime Minister
may recommend to the position of
Deputy Minister of the Interior and even
in excess of the maximum number of
paragraph 4 of Article 47 of the Code of
Laws for the Government and
government bodies, ratified by the first
article of PD 63/2005 (FEK98 A). "
4. Paragraph 1 of Article 52 of the Code
of Laws for the Government and
government bodies, ratified by the first
article of PD 63/2005, is repealed. In a
case of paragraph 2 of Article added
subindents ee and ff, as follows: ee)
General GrammateiaEpikoinonias, ff)
Secretariat General of Information.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Article 45 Repeal
Since the entry into force of this Act is
repealed any general or special
provision is contrary to the meaning of
provisions of this Law or deals with
matters regulated by it.
FROM THE NATIONAL PRESS
Kapodistriou ATHENS 104 34 * 32 * Tel
210 52 79 000 * FAX 210 52 21 004 E-
MAIL ADDRESS: http://www.et.gr - e-
mail: webmaster.et @ et.gr *
01000082801090024 *
Article 46 Entry into force
The validity of this Act shall commence
publication in the Official Gazette, unless
otherwise indicated in specific
provisions. We order the publication of
this in the Official Gazette and
implemented as law of the State.
Athens, January 28, 2009
THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC
Karolos GR. PAPOULIAS
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The PRIME MINISTER
KONSTANTINOS A. Seal
THE INTERIOR MINISTERS OF
ECONOMY AND FINANCE
PAVLOPOULOS J. P. Papathanasiou
Environment, Physical Planning
DEVELOPMENT AND PUBLIC WORKS
K. C. HADJIDAKIS SOUFLIAS
EMPLOYMENT HEALTH
AND SOCIAL PROTECTION AND
SOCIAL SOLIDARITY
Fani Palli-Petralia D. Avramopoulos
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
FOOD AND JUSTICE
S. HADJIGAKIS N.G. DENDIAS
CULTURAL TOURISM
A. K. SAMARAS MARKOPOULOS
Considered and entered the Great Seal
of the State.
Athens, January 28, 2009
The ON THE JUSTICE MINISTER
N.G. DENDIAS
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

EFIMERIS GOVERNMENT
THE GREEK REPUBLIC
ISSUE ONE Sheet No. 8
January 28, 2009
LAW INTO NO. 3734
Promotion of cogeneration of two or
more
useful forms of energy regulation issues
related to the hydroelectric project
Mesochora
and other provisions.
THE PRESIDENT OF THE GREEK
REPUBLIC
We issue the following law passed by
the House:
PROMOTION OF A CHAPTER TWO
COGENERATION
Or more useful FORMS OF ENERGY

Article 1 Purpose
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The provisions of this chapter, the Greek
legislation in line with Directive
2004/8/EC of the European Parliament
and Council of February 11, 2004 for the
promotion of cogeneration based on
useful heat demand in the internal
energy market and amending Directive
92/42/EC (OJ L 52/50) and completed
the legal framework for promoting
cogeneration two or more useful forms of
energy.
Article 2 Scope
The provisions of this chapter apply to
combined two or more useful forms of
energy, as defined in Article 3 and
related technologies, referred to in
Article 4.
Article 3 Definitions
1. For the purposes of this Law the terms
used have the following meaning:
"Combined Heat and Power (CHP) ': The
simultaneous production of useful heat
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
and electricity and / or mechanical
energy from the same initial energy
within a single process. Where in this
chapter the term-agreement
baragogi "means the Combined Heat
and Power (CHP), as defined here.
"Useful Thermal Energy: Thermal energy
generated in the cogeneration process
to satisfy economically justifiable
demand for heating or cooling.
"Economically justifiable demand": The
demand exceeds the need for heating or
cooling and which would otherwise be
satisfied in accordance with market
conditions from the production
processes of useful forms of energy
other than cogeneration. "Electricity from
cogeneration" shall mean electricity
produced in a process related to the
production of useful heat and calculated
in accordance with the methodology
described in Article 5. Where in this
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
chapter electricity aposymparagogi
means that includes a mechanical
pouendechomenos produced by
cogeneration.
"Backup power": The electrical energy
absorbed by the holder of the production
system or the network where the
cogeneration process is interrupted, as
during periods of maintenance or
decommissioning.
"Further electricity": The electrical
energy absorbed by the holder of the
production system or network, where
demand for electricity is greater than the
electricity produced in cogeneration
process.
"Total Efficiency": The ratio of the annual
quantity of electricity or mechanical
energy and the useful thermal energy to
the energy content of fuels used in the
diergasiassymparagogis.
"Cogeneration unit": The unit is capable
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
naleitourgei in cogeneration mode.
"Efficiency Cogeneration": The
percentage of primary energy savings
achieved by the combined compared
with separate production of useful heat
and electricity or mechanical energy.
Digitally signed by
Theodoros Moumouris
Date: 2009.01.29 08:44:27
EET
Reason: Signed PDF
(Embedded)
Location: Athens, Ethniko
Typografio
"Small scale cogeneration" shall mean
cogeneration units with an installed
electrical power equal to or less than 1
MWe.
"Co-micro": The cogeneration unit with a
maximum electrical power equal to or
less than 50kWe.
"Combined heat and power with high
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
efficiency (SITHYA) 'Cogeneration
ensuring primary energy savings of at
least ten percent (10%) compared with
separate heat and electricity, the
methodology described in Article
6. The output from cogeneration and
micro-scale provides primary energy
savings, regardless of percentage,
characterized as high efficiency
cogeneration. "Reference Price of the
efficiency of separate production of 'The
efficiency of separate heat and
electricity, which is intended to replace
the process of cogeneration.
"Reason for electric heat": Her ratio of
electricity from cogeneration and useful
heat, using combined data
tonleitourgikon of this unit.
"Operating CHP data": The name of the
manufacturer's data for new units during
the design phase and installation. For
operating units means the data recorded
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
when the unit operates at maximum load
CHP.
"CHP Unit compact type ': The CHP
plant, in which all major components and
peripherals are in stable housing
includes acoustic insulation.
"Cogeneration production": the sum of
electrical and mechanical energy and
useful thermal energy produced by
cogeneration.
'Guarantee of Origin SITHYA'
certification from the institution issuing
guarantees of origin, that the electricity
to which it relates is made from high
efficiency cogeneration.
"Guarantee of Origin system SITHYA"
The rules adopted and procedures
established by this chapter and the
specific regulations issued by
authorization. "Autonomous
cogeneration plant": The cogeneration
plant generates electricity from
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
cogeneration and is not connected to the
system or network.
2. These definitions replace the
respective definitions of the elements 19
to 22 of Article 2 of Law 3468/2006 (GG
129 A).
Article 4 Cogeneration Technologies
Cogeneration technologies in connection
with which this chapter include the
following types:
a) Combined cycle gas turbine with
recovery
Heat
b) Steam backpressure
c) Steam condensing - extracting
d) Gas turbine with heat recovery
e) Reciprocating internal combustion
engines
f) Microturbines
g) Stirling Engine
h) Fuel cell
i) Locomotive
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
j) Organic Rankine Cycle
k) Any other type of technology or co-
conjunction types of technologies that
fall under the definition
cogeneration.
Article 5 of electricity from cogeneration
Electricity from cogeneration is
calculated using the method described in
this article.
Specifically:
a) The prices used for calculation of
electricity from cogeneration are
determined based on expected or actual
operation of the unit under normal use.
For micro-cogeneration units klimakaso
calculation may be based on certified
values.
b) Electricity from cogeneration is
equal to the total annual electricity
production of the unit measured at the
terminals of the main generators
(I) in cogeneration units of type b, d, e, f,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
g and from those referred to in Article 4,
with an overall annual rate of return less
than seventy-five percent (75%)
(Ii) in cogeneration units of type A and C
as indicated in Article 4, a total annual
rate of return less than eighty percent
(80%).
c) In cogeneration units of type b, d, e, f,
g and from those referred to in Article 4
of a total annual rate of return of less
than seventy-five percent (75%) in
cogeneration units of type A and C as
indicated in Article 4 of a total annual
rate of return of less than eighty percent
(80%), electricity from cogeneration is
calculated using the following formula:
ECHP ICHP = • C
where
ECHP is that electricity from
cogeneration
HCHP the useful heat from cogeneration
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
tion, which does not include the thermal
energy
Hi from separate boilers or
discharge of steam from the boiler
before
turbine,
C is the electricity and useful heat from
cogeneration.
d) The calculation of electricity from
cogeneration based on the actual power
to heat. If the real reason for electric
heat of a cogeneration plant is not
known, may be used, especially for
statistical purposes, the following default
values for units of type a, b, c, d and e
as indicated in Article 4, provided that
the estimated thus electricity
cogeneration is less than or equal to the
total electricity production of unit:
Unit Type
Standard ground electricity to heat (C)
combined cycle gas turbine with heat
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
recovery 0.95
Steam backpressure 0.45
Steam condensation extracting 0.45
Gas turbine with heat recovery 0.55
Reciprocating internal combustion
engine 0.75) If one part of the energy
content of fuel used in cogeneration
process is recovered in chemicals and
recycled part is deducted from the
amount of fuel used before calculating
the overall efficiency used in paragraphs
b and c. ) The energy content of fuel is
calculated based on the lower calorific
capacity. All grades of performance
under this Chapter shall be calculated
based on lower heating value of fuel.
Article 6 Calculation efficiency
cogeneration
1. To calculate the efficiency
cogeneration particularly taken into
account:
a) electricity from cogeneration
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
b) the useful thermal energy from
cogeneration
c) the ratio of primary energy savings.
2. The combined efficiency is calculated
as
follows:
a) For cogeneration units are defined as
fol-
nitions shall energy efficiency.
Ec
Electrical efficiency: ie = -----
Fc
ICHP Heat efficiency: ih = -----
Fc
Total efficiency: ie n = ih
Where Εc electricity from the plant
cogeneration ICHP useful heat from
cogeneration
Fc fuel energy consumed during the
process for the production of Ec and
HCHP.
b) The efficiency of co-expressed by the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
ratio of primary energy savings, defined
by the formula: FE FH - FC PESR =
-------------
FE FH PESR which is why saving
primary
Energy, FE is the energy fuel for the
separate production of electricity ΕC, FH
is the energy fuel for the separate
production of heat ICHP.g) O ratio of
primary energy savings, using the
baseline as defined in paragraph 3 of
this article, calculated by the formula:
1 PESR = 1 - -------------
a --- e-- a-h-ier ihr
ier when the reference value for
efficiency
separate production of electricity, ihr the
reference value of efficiency for the
separate production of heat.
3. To calculate the efficiency of the
cases a, b and c, if a cogeneration unit
generates mechanical energy, the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
annual electricity production of the unit
increased by an additional amount
corresponding to an equivalent amount
of electricity to mechanical energy. This
additional amount is not taken into
account in calculating the guarantee of
origin.
4. The Minister for Development:
a) the reference values of efficiency for
separate electricity and thermal energy
b) the methods used to calculate the
efficiency cogeneration.
Article 7 three for the Promotion of
Cogeneration
and high efficiency cogeneration
1. Where the provisions of Law
3468/2006 refers to electricity produced
from plant or power plant SITHYA as
such means the energy produced by
cogeneration and high efficiency
calculated under the provisions of this
chapter. The amount of energy that can
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
be part of synolou of electricity power
station.
2. The Minister of Development after
consulting the RAE down the process,
specific issues and any necessary
details on the pricing of electricity from
cogeneration in that it lacks SITHYA.
3. The Minister of Development be
amended and supplemented in
accordance with the provisions of this
chapter, decisions, as provided in
paragraph 3 of Article 5 and paragraph
10 of Article 8 of Law 3468/2006 on the
adjustment to the conditions of this Act.
4. To ensure the transmission and
distribution of electricity produced from
SITHYA apply mutatis mutandis to
Article 9 of Law 3468 / 2006, the
relevant provisions of Law 2773/1999
(Official Gazette 286A) and related
provisions of the Code Grid and Power
Exchange (MD D5-
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
IL/V/oik/8311/9.5.2005 Gov. V/17.5.2005
655), as applicable, including any
necessary amendments to the
participation of units cogeneration in the
electricity market.
Article 8 guarantees of origin for
electricity
from high efficiency cogeneration
1. The origin of electricity produced from
legally operating facilities combined with
high efficiency, it turns out to others with
a relative guarantee of origin.
2. The Minister of Development, after
consultation with the Energy Regulatory
Authority (RAE), regulates issues
concerning guarantees of origin of
electricity produced from high efficiency
cogeneration without the use of
renewable energy technologies and
those mentioned in the process and
institutions of issue content, control and
how to safeguard them.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Article 9 CHP plants that do not qualify
High Performance
1. For CHP plants from renewable
energy sources, the provisions of Law
468/2006 governing SITHYA power from
renewable energy sources.
2. For non-standard units of
conventional CHP fuel power from 20
kWe and above requires the licensing of
production, installation and operation.
3. In the process of issuing production
licenses CHP plants apply mutatis
mutandis to Article 3 of Law 3468/2006
on channels SITHYA.
4. The Minister of Development issued
after consultation with the RAE and
published in the Government Gazette
approving the Regulation permits the
production of electricity from CHP.
5. In the process of issuing
authorizations for the establishment and
operation of CHP plants apply mutatis
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
mutandis in Articles 7 and 8 of Law
3468/2006 on channels SITHYA.
6. A similar decision by the Minister of
Development sets out the required
documents, the process and all
necessary details for the licensing of
establishment and operation of
paragraph
2. The Registry permits production for
CHP installations, as defined in this
Chapter, held at the RAE.
7. The committees of Articles 19 and 20
of Law 3468/2006, for installations of
RES SITHYA are responsible for CHP
installations.
Article 10 Approval of cogeneration unit
1. In the standard type of compact
cogeneration micro and small-scale
type-approval of a cogeneration unit.
The approval of a cogeneration unit
issued by the relevant accredited for
energy savings at the request of the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
manufacturer or importer in the pipeline
unit, according to the Minister of
Development referred to in paragraph 3
of this article.
2. Cogeneration units, which have been
granted approval cogeneration plant is
exempt from the requirement to license
production, installation and operation.
3. The Minister of Development, after
consultation with the RAE defines the
procedure for obtaining approval of a
cogeneration unit, specify the individual
data submitted by manufacturers or
importers to obtain approval of a
cogeneration unit and adjust any specific
issue relating to approval type of
cogeneration unit.
Article 11 National CHP potential
1. Within six months from the
commencement of this Act, a report by
the Ministry of Development of the
national potential for cogeneration,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
including cogeneration and micro scale,
which, after consultation with the RAE,
approved by the Minister of
Development. With the report of a
national cogeneration potential shall
specify the total capacity for useful heat
demand, which is suitable for application
of cogeneration and the availability of
fuels and other energy resources can be
used in cogeneration.
2. The report of a national cogeneration
potential based on documented scientific
data and prepared according to the
criteria of paragraph 3 of this article. This
report includes a separate analysis of
potential barriers to realize the national
potential for cogeneration, which relate
to the selling prices of electricity network
charges, and access to fuels, Systems
and Network electricity, the current
administrative procedures and lack of
internalisation of external costs in energy
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
prices.
3. According to the report of the national
cogeneration potential into account: a)
the type of fuel may be used to realize
the potential of cogeneration, including
specific considerations on the potential
for increased use of renewable energy in
domestic thermal energy through
cogeneration
b) the type of cogeneration technologies
as listed in Article 4, which can be used
to realize the national potential,
c) the type of technology separate heat
and electricity, where feasible,
mechanical energy, which may
substitute cogeneration
d) division of the cogeneration potential
to modernize existing facilities and
construction.
4. The report of the National
dynamikousymparagogis include
appropriate mechanisms to assess the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
cost-effectiveness in terms of primary
energy savings, increasing the share of
CHP in the national energy mix. When
analyzing the cost-effectiveness, taking
into account
national commitments, linked to climate
change and accepted by the European
Community under the Kyoto Protocol to
the Convention United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate
Change5. The report of the national
cogeneration potential opportunities
identified in relation to the timeframes
2010, 2015 and 2020 and include, where
possible, the necessary cost estimates
for each of the timeframes.
6. The report of the national potential for
cogeneration, in addition to publication in
the Official Gazette, published by the
Minister of Development in every
possible way.
7. Progress on increasing the share of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
co-assessed by the relevant
departments of the Ministry of
Development. Each four (4) years and
made public by the Minister of
Development in every possible way the
evaluation report
on increasing the share of CHP, which is
sent to the Commission upon request.
8. The reports prepared in accordance
with the provisions of this article, there is
much analysis and specific reference to
the high efficiency cogeneration.
Article 12 Obligation to provide data
combined
1. Owners of cogeneration units are
required to submit data and information
about their function in the Ministry of
Development.
2. The above information is confidential
and used solely for the production of
statistics in the energy sector. Statistics
compiled from primary statistical material
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
published and available to others in a
way that can not be directly or indirectly
disclose the identity of those who gave
and those who regard the primary
statistical yliko.3. The Minister for
Development process for the above
data, content, periodicity of submission,
and any other necessary related details.
4. By the end of December each year,
the Minister of Development submitted
to the European Commission statistical
data for the previous calendar year for
electricity and mechanical energy and
useful heat from cogeneration at the
national level, as defined in Article 5 of
this chapter.
5. The Ministry of Development
submitted to the Commission annual
statistics on power and fuel used in
cogeneration units. You may also submit
statistics on primary energy savings
achieved by cogeneration, as defined by
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the provisions of this chapter.
Article 13 Penalties
1. Offenders of the obligation
established by paragraph 1 of the
preceding article a fine by the Minister of
Development, the magnitude is
proportional to the severity and
frequency of the offense, ranging
Five thousand (5,000) up to fifty
thousand (50,000) million.
2. The Minister of Development
specifying the sanctions and adjust the
process enforcement, reporting and
investigation of complaints and other
related issues.
3. The Minister of Development can be
adjusted limits of fines.
Article 14 amended provisions
1. Paragraph 10 of Article 2 of Law
3468/2006 is replaced as follows:
'10. Warranty or Guarantee of Origin:
The document issued by the issuing
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
entity and certifies to produce a given
amount of electricity from renewables or
combined
high efficiency. "
2. Article 4 of Law 3468/2006: a) if g is
replaced as follows: "g) from other
stations with installed capacity less than
or equal to fifty (50) kWe, if these
stations using RES as defined by the
paragraph 2 of Article 2, in a form
different from these cases. "
b) add the event as follows: "h) SITHYA
stations with an installed electrical power
or less than fifty (50) kWe.»
c) is added to paragraph 1 as follows:
"1a. The exceptions in cases a, b, c, d,
e, g and applied when no saturation of
the network in accordance with RAE's
decision issued in a case of paragraph 5
of Article 3. "
3. The provisionsTemporary Article 11 of
Law 3468/2006 apply to stations
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
SITHYA of this chapter.
4. Paragraph 1 of Article 10 of Law
3468/2006 is replaced as follows:
1. In non-interconnected islands, the
responsible manager is required to
absorb them as a priority for electricity
produced from RES Output channel
auto-production, and the units RES
hybrid station and then the electricity
generated by power SITHYA, and
surplus electricity generated by Auto-
producer SITHYA station, where the
total installed capacity of power plants
has been included in SITHYA overall
penetration of installed power plants for
electricity generation from renewables or
SITHYA. "
Article 15 Transitional provisions
1. Until the decision of the Minister of
Development referred to in paragraph 4
of Article 6 and paragraph 3 of Article 7
of Chapter A of this Act, applications for
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
a combined production units, which has
issued the opinion on the RAE evaluated
according to the criteria of Article 9 of
the Rules permits the production and
supply of electricity (RM D5-
IL/V/F.1/1795 6.12.2000, GG 1498 N /
8.12.2000).
2. Following the adoption of the
decisions referred to in paragraph 4 of
Article 6 of this chapter, holders of
electricity from cogeneration plants to
obtain license to produce electricity from
SITHYA, submit a request for
modification and data to evaluate its
energy efficiency, according to the Rules
permit production under paragraph 3 of
Article 5 of Law 3468/2006.
3. Applications for grant or renewal of a
license and then install and operation
submitted prior to the adoption of
decisions by the Minister of
Development, provided the paragrafo4
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Article 6 and paragraph 3 of Article 7 of
this chapter be considered in
accordance with the provisions
applicable at the date of authorization of
production, excluding the provisions
relating to the PPAs is not applicable
provisions of paragraph 4 of this article.
If a request for modification of the
installation and operating permits in
accordance with the provisions of this
Law and the decrees issued by
authorization, then a change
the production license, in accordance
with the provisions of this chapter.
4. Licenses were granted, and purchase
contracts concluded by the entry into
force of this Act remain in force until they
expire, applied the provisions of Article
12 of Law 3468/2006.

CHAPTER II ADJUSTMENT OF
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
RELEVANT ISSUES
THE HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT
MESOCHORAS
Article 16 Compulsory acquisition of land

hydroelectric dam Mesochora


1. Expropriation to be declared and at
the expense of the Public Power
Corporation SA (PPC) budget which
specifically provided coverage of the
cost of compensation, in derogation of
the Code compulsory Receipts Property
(KAAA, Law 2882/2001) and in particular
paragraph 7 of Article 3 and paragraph 6
of Article 11 thereof, for the following
areas of the ingredients and their
branches located in the administrative
district of the City Pindos (formerly
koinotitasMesochoras) of Trikala
Prefecture:
a) Area total area of 1,432,137 square
meters, as shown in Figure from
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
8.2.2005 cadastral, plates 1 to 13, and
as described by the corresponding
cadastral 8/2/2005 table compiled by the
State Engineer ktimatografos
Associate Tassios and considered by
the Director of Technical Services of
Prefecture of Trikala Nick. Legia, and
published a thumbnail in Appendix A of
this Act.
b) total surface area of approximately
540,000 square meters, as shown in No.
1401-SMEL-016-027 / Revision
26.2.2007/1i 31/7/2007 topographic plan
prepared by the Department of
Hydroelectric Development Project
(DAYE) of PPC published on thumbnail
to Annex A of this Act.
2. The expropriation declaring for very
important public interest, which consist
in addressing the needs of Mesochora
hydroelectric project, namely to secure
the remaining land required for the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
operation of the project. Already have
been taken
expropriation for proanaferomemo
project, which declared the joint
ministerial decisions
1092518/5317/0010/19.7.1993 (GG 933
D) 1092519/5318/0010/19.7.1993 (GG
1000 D) and V428/231 / 25.4.1988
(Gazette 353 D), remain strong and
exploited for the purpose of completing
this project.
Article 17 expropriation resettlement
sites
1. Declaring expropriation for the City of
Pindus and cost of PPC in the budget
which specifically provided coverage of
the cost of compensation, in derogation
of the Code compulsory Receipts
Property (KAAA, Law 2882/2001) and in
particular paragraph 7 of Article 3 and
paragraph 6 of Article 11 thereof, for the
following areas of the ingredients and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
their branches located in the
administrative district of the City Pindos
(formerly Community Mesochora) of
Trikala Prefecture:
a) area "home" area of approximately
160,000 sq.m. and
b) area "Boat" and "Upper Boat",
covering approximately 146,000 square
meters, as seen in No. 1401-SMEL-016-
030/9.8.2007 Chart prepared by the
Department of Hydroelectric
Development Project (DAYE) PPC Inc.,
which published a thumbnail in Annex A.

2. The expropriation declaring also of


great importance for public utilities,
which are to ensure the resettlement
needs of victims of expropriation in
Article 16 of this Law have been taken
from the original expropriation declared
the No. 1092518/5317 / 0010/19.7.1993
and 1092519/5318/0010/19.7.1993 joint
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
ministerial decisions.
3. From the proceedings for the
expropriation and rates, excluding land,
which would result from the cadastral
diagrams that are either municipal or
private. And many of these are public
lands, granted the property by this Act
by the Greek government in the
municipality of Pindus, free of charge,
with a note on the tra
nsfer books and Lands.
Article 18 Lands data
The cadastral data (tables and graphs)
of previous articles considered by the
Head of the Division of hydro generation
of PPC.

Article 19 Procedure of expropriation


1. The expropriation of Articles 16 and
17 declared that the emergency and the
particular importance of work on the
country's economic development, as
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
follows: (a) For regions in point b of
paragraph 1 of Article 16 and a data and
b of paragraph 1 of Article 17 within
three (3) months from the
commencement of this Act
syntassetaiapo the PPC state alleged
owners, according to which the call is
interested in determining the unit rate
compensation and horizontal alignments
simple diagrams illustrating the total
area and estimated the kind and
forthcoming expropriated property of
their respective areas, without reference
to specific individual properties. In
drawing diagrams may be taken into
account any information and data that
may arise in any way and in particular
photogrammetry and other methods. (B)
The applications for setting temporary
unit price
heard before the District Court within the
period specified in the provision of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Article 19 of KAAA basis: (i) the already
prepared a cadastral survey of the case
of paragraph 1 of Article 16, (ii) the state
alleged owners, and simple diagrams of
horizontal alignments a case of
paragraph 1 of this Article, (iii) the
certificate issued by the metagrafofylaka
to have made this application to register
free of charge, the relevant portion of a
copy of the declaration of expropriation
together with their associated cadastral
data, in whatever form they are available
(iv) the estimated value, as shown by the
data collected and sent to the WHO
Region of the property.
(C) In other respects the provisions of
complement KAAA (Law 2882/2001),
except those of Articles 16 and 26
paragraph 3. Paragraph 3 of Article 26
applies where there is sufficient land
registry data. Any corrections submitted
Cadastre are tried by the court pursuant
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
to article 16, paragraph 8 of KAAA.
In the process of identification of
beneficiaries drawn up taking into
account the cadastral data (graphs,
tables) cadastral survey of the Head of
Technical Services of Prefecture of
Trikala on the area of a case of
paragraph 1 of Article 16. The process of
identification of beneficiaries of other
areas, paragraph 1b of Article 16 and 1a
and b of Article 17 is provided pension
cadastral information by the Head of
Planning and Environment Directorate of
the Prefecture Trikaloni his deputy, for
fair compensation shall be payable to
the PPC. The land registration is
completed within five (5) months after
entry into force of the law. Exceeding
this period constitute a disciplinary
offense. As deputies of the above
defined priority ktimatografou Surveying
Engineering Technical Services
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Directorate of the Prefecture of Trikala.
(D) The expropriation of Article 16 shall
be lifted automatically for you
edafotemachia passed since the
components and the Annexes to them
voluntarily, according to the following
values: i. For land within the village,
thirty (30.00) EUR
per square meter. ii. For other territories
regardless of their classification as
irrigated, rain-fed, fallow fields, forests,
etc., three thousand (3000.00) per acre.
iii. For ingredients and annexes fields
(auxiliary buildings, warehouses,
stables, fences, mandrotoichoi, trees,
etc.) with final rates determined
conclusively by the court for that
expropriation.
iv. For homes, one thousand five
hundred (1500.00) per square meter of
total surface area, regardless of age or
condition.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
In the case of residential area less than
sixty (60) square meters, the
compensation is calculated on an area
of sixty (60) square meters.
A residence is a separate building,
without taking into account
recommendations of vertical or
horizontal property. In the case of
undivided property, the compensation
payable upon what part of the
ownership.
v. For buildings used as commercial use
over the last two years, three thousand
(3000.00) per square meter of total
surface area as evidenced by a license,
and use.
2. Those affected by the expropriation of
Article 16 who wish to voluntarily transfer
would have to state with finality notarial
deed, within two (2) months from the
publication hereof. The deed will be
prepared at the expense of PPC and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
provide the right aftosymvasis for PPC
3. The price or consideration paid to the
transfer affected by the Deposits and
Loans Fund after the court identified as
beneficiaries, efarmozomenonton
provisions referred to in subparagraph c
of paragrafou1 this article. 4. The
occurrence of expropriation and the
Restoration of affected road
communication are prerequisites for the
blockage of the diversion tunnel.
Article 20 Additional Compensation
Prices quoted for damages referred to in
Article 19 apply to those affected have
been taken from the expropriation of No.
1092518/5317/0010/19.7.1993 (GG 933
W) and 1092519/5318/0010/19.7.1993
( GG 1000 D) joint ministerial decisions,
which were identified as beneficiaries.
Such persons are entitled to additional
compensation equal to the difference
between these values (Fri 1d c. i, ii, iv
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
and v Article 19) and compensation
already paid. The compensation will be
paid when deriving respectively from the
application of the preceding Article, but
no later than the payment of
compensation for those affected by the
declaration of expropriation of this Act.
Article 21 Terms and conditions of
relocation
1. The preparation of the necessary
studies (planning, surveying, hydraulics,
geotechnical, geological and
environmental health effects) for the
urbanization of the areas of relocation of
affected residents of the former
Community Mesochora and other
affected former chieftain Justice, Strand,
Pachtouriou, Drosochori, Gardikiou,
Moschofytou , New Pine and St.
Nicholas of Trikala, the reservoir project
will be held in custody of Thessaly and
cost of PPC.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The distribution of land, arising under the
Article 22 will be in a spatial test detect
these concentrated and not dispersed,
starting from the area will be designated
based on results of the studies
necessary by the City Pindos . The
construction of the infrastructure of the
Sites, to be designated by the City of
Pindus, and which will be included in the
distribution of land will be at the expense
of PPC and custody of Thessaly. Within
two (2) months from the occurrence of
land acquisition for resettlement sites of
the PPC issue for the City of Pindus
letter of guarantee five million
(5,000,000) euros for the preparation of
studies and construction of infrastructure
such tisparagrafou.
2. The expropriated land beyond the
maximum flood level will be established
by the PPC in order to be recreation.
This space is reserved in a local
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
government level, which is the former
communities, which belonged to the
region. The type of use will be
determined by the Spatial Plan of
Organization Development and
urbanization (SCHOAP) and the Spatial
Plan of the area, after consultation with
the PPC security issues. The income
generated from it will be available for the
needs of regions of the former
communities, which fell within these
areas.
3. If the operational phase of the project
problems occur in homes located in the
non-expropriated property part of the
redevelopment, due to geological
phenomena demonstrated by the
operation of the reservoir, PPC required
to fully recover, if possible, or otherwise
compensate the affected owners. Or,
that victims can exercise proportionately
the rights provided for those whose
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
properties are expropriated, as those
rights specified in Articles 22, 23 and 24
of this Law.
4. During construction and operation of
the project ensured to maximize the
economic benefit of residents, by
analogy with the fourth article of Law
2779/1999 (GG 296 A).
5. The inhabitants of the land
expropriated property shall permit and
facilitate the work of counting the
dienergounta land registration under
Article 19.
Article 22 Possible land acquisition
resettlement areas
1. Those who own their dwelling
expropriated or voluntarily given to the
PPC are able to acquire land for
resettlement sites and pay to the
beneficiary of the decision referred to in
Article 17 expropriation City Pindos and
that, in common with the PPC SA E.,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
bank account the amount, calculated in
accordance with subparagraph i of
paragraph d of Article 19 1i. The bank
account is reserved for the City of
Pindos. Payment will be made within two
(2) months after the court recognized as
beneficiaries, and signed the deed
metavivasis.An the area of affected land,
which in this house there is less of the
plot of buildable land
as identified by the urban planning
requirements in the areas of relocation,
the affected owners who want to acquire
the land, it will pay to the City of Pindus
and above account, the amount of
compensation be received for the
affected land in exchange for the
acquisition the new land. In the case of
undivided property, the right to obtain, as
above, building plot is considered as part
of the share ownership. The City Pindos
may grant to citizens or other third plot,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
than they would remain after the above
allocation of land to interested *
01000082801090024 * Menu of
claimants, but at a price not less than
that stated in this article. 2. Those
interested in acquiring land
relocation areas for the provision of
Article 17 should be the state with an
irrevocable notarized deed, within two
(2) months from the date of entry into
force of this Act. These parties before
the signing of the preliminary account,
will produce legal documents on
property expropriated property
residence. 3. The same opportunity to
acquire land and relocate to areas with
the same conditions of paragraphs 1 and
2 of this Article are and what the house
would be affected by the expropriation
made based on the No.
1092518/5317/0010 / 19.7.1993
(Gazette 933 W) and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
1092519/5318/0010 / 19.7.1993
(Gazette 1000 D) joint ministerial
decisions, they have identified
beneficiaries.
4. The lawyers and legal costs required
for this purpose shall be borne by the
PPC
Article 23 Allowance for rent - Temporary
accommodation
1. To residents of the municipal district
Mesochora who reside on it until
31.10.2006 and their inalienable
homeowners, PPC will pay a rent
allowance from the first month following
the date of occurrence of expropriation.
This allowance, amounting to ten (10)
per square meter main permanent
residence expropriated property,
regardless of the number of joint owners,
will pay up to twelve (12) months of the
judicial After this recognition is the
beneficiary of the damages. The
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
payment of this allowance is suspended
if the beneficiary becomes the house in
a shorter period of twelve (12) month
period.
2. For any of the affected meet the
requirements of paragraph 1 of this
Article and only for those who are
farmers or farmers with proven income
from agriculture or livestock, or elders
who can not move, and have declared
their interest in acquiring land
resettlement areas in accordance with
paragraph 2 of Article 22 will provide a
special area by the relevant local
authority primary, which will be a
temporary site from PPC for temporary
accommodation until they relocated to
these areas. In those injured will not be
paid rent allowance. By decision of the
PPC, which is issued within one month
of publication of this Act, recommended
the Joint Committee, comprising
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
representatives of Local Government,
Region of Thessaly and PPC and which
will record all the residents who meet the
requirements of this paragraph.
Article 24
Single allowance for social rehabilitation
1. To affected owners of expropriation in
Article 16 of this Law and damaged in
the expropriations that have taken place
and declared the No.
1092518/5317/0010/19.7.1993
1092519/5318/0010/19.7.1993 and
common Ministerial Decisions made by
the PPC, in addition
compensation for expropriation or the
price of redemption, once a social
rehabilitation, twenty thousand
(20,000.00) approved pay per property
(house or plot) that is up to 31.10.2006
and only once
per beneficiary. 2. Beneficiaries of the
benefit is the residents who were
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
registered in population registers of
former Justice Mesochora, a chieftain,
Gardikiou, Moschofytou, Desi, New
Pine, Pachtouriou, Drosochori and St.
Nicholas of Trikala Prefecture until
19.7.1993 and permanent residents of
these communities to the above date,
and that citizens farmers (with stock-
breeders) and in the area expropriated,
according to a statement of the relevant
Community or Municipality, who had in
the year 2006, an annual income below
the tax exemption. Also, recipients of
this benefit is that residents are
professionals, who had a commercial
use on up to 19.7.1993 already been
expropriated by the above joint
ministerial decisions areas, and
professionals at 31.12.2007 maintained
and continue to maintain commercial
use in committing a geographical area at
the time of expropriation declaring this
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
law if they produce relevant work permit.
3. Entitled to the allowance and
pensioners OGA and seasonal
employees and workers with income
above the tax exemption provided that it
comes only from this source and if
the conditions of paragraphs. 4. The
allowance will commence the recipients
immediately after filling the diversion
tunnel of the hydroelectric project
Mesochora.
Article 25 not covered by the scope
the provisions of Chapter II
Those in this chapter does not control
and damaged by the expropriation
apozimiothentes declared the No.
V428/231/25.4.1988 (GG 353 D) joint
ministerial decision and related areas to
altitudes of profragmatos, which have
already made similar claims.
Article 26 Repeal
Since the entry into force of this Act
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
repealed the provisions of Articles 27
through 36 of n.3066/2002 (GG 252 A),
and draft contracts prepared in
accordance with these provisions.

CHAPTER III
SETTINGS OF OTHER ISSUES OF
THE MINISTRY OF DEVELOPMENT
Article 27 Arrangements relating to
power
Energy from Renewable Energy Sources
(RES)
1. The third sentence of paragraph 2 of
Article 3 of Law 3468/2006 (GG 129 A)
is replaced as follows:
'This principle or opinion on the
preliminary-ment of Environmental
Assessment and Evaluation (FPRD) or
on non-necessity to comply with this
process and forward its opinion to RAE
within sixty (60) working days upon
completion of the file of Preliminary
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Environmental Impact (MAP) or directly
from the finding that the need to respect
this process. "2. After the last sentence
of paragraph 2 of Article 3 of Law
3468/2006 (GG 129 A) add new
paragraphs as follows:
"To claim, for which the RAE in its
opinion suggests the rejection, the
Minister of Development issued a
decision within forty (40) days after
submission to him the opinion of RAE or
RAE's decision on an application issued
under review paragraph 6 of Article 5 of
Law 2773/1999. If this decision of the
Minister of Development is not issued
within that period, the request shall be
deemed rejected. The Minister of
Development decision may occasionally
extend this period of thirty (30) additional
days. "
3. The period of forty (40) days set out in
Article 3 paragraph 2 of Law 3468/2006
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
from the date of this Act, for outstanding
requests for approval to produce
electricity, for which the entry into force
of this law has been on negative opinion
of RAE.
4. The last sentence of paragraph 4 of
Article 3 of Law 3468/2006 is replaced
as follows: "There is reason to extend
that period or for any reason, amend or
transfer of license production."
5. License to produce electricity from
renewables issued before the entry into
force of Law 3468 / 2006 and which has
at the time of enactment of this Act
authorized establishment withdrawn
after one year from the commencement
of this Act , by analogy with the
provisions of the third subparagraph of
paragraph 4 of Article 3 of Law
3468/2006. By decision of Minister of
Development, issued after the receipt of
the opinion that the RAE filed within two
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
(2) months from the publication of this
Act specified the terms and conditions
for the withdrawal of production licenses
mentioned in the preceding paragraph
and those referred to in paragraph 4 of
Article 3 of Law 3468/2006 and sets out
the procedure and any other details on
the implementation of these provisions.
6. The case of a paragraph 5 of Article 3
of Law 3468/2006 is replaced as follows:
a) If the installed power or maximum
power production power plant
associated with the System or Network
grow once up to ten percent (10%), but
this growth has occurred to increase the
surface area of land. In this case, the
installation permit under Article 8 is
amended after epanadiatypositon
conditions connecting station by the
system administrator or the network.
These provisions do not apply when
channels are part of a specific program
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
or system, and areas with congested
networks. The ability to absorb force in
areas with congested networks found by
the RAE, upon the recommendation of
the system administrator or network. The
decision was disclosed edited by RAE
Internet or any other appropriate
manner. "
7. a. After the b of paragraph 5 of Article
3 of Law 3468/2006 c added as follows:
"C) If you reduce the installed capacity
or the maximum-power production in
power plant connected to the system or
network, with a corresponding reduction
in the area of land."
b. c renumbered d.
8. Paragraph 1 of Article 8 of Law
3468/2006
replaced as follows:
1. For the installation or extension of
power plant using RES or SITHYA
requires a permit. This permit is issued
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
by a decision of the Secretary General of
the Region, within which the station is
installed for all projects ranked 2nd in
the A sub-category in the 3rd or 4th
subcategory of Category B in
accordance with Article 3 of Law 1650 /
1986 (GG 160 A), as applicable, and
kanonistikespraxeis issued by
authorization. The installation permit
shall be issued within fifteen (15)
working days after completion of the
checking of documents. This control
should always be completed within a
period of thirty (30) working days from
receipt of the request. If the permit is not
issued within that period, the responsible
Secretary of the Region issuing
declaratory act, which set out specific
and detailed reasons for the failure of
registration. This act with all the
documents forwarded to the Minister of
Development, who will decide on the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
granting of a site within thirty (30) days
of receipt of these documents. "
9. Paragraph 2 of Article 8 of Law
3468/2006 is replaced as follows:
"2. The permit to construct plants
producing electricity from renewables or
SITHYA, which comes in projects
classified in the 1st sub Her first class, in
accordance with the provisions of Article
3 of Law 1650/1986 and the regulatory
decisions issued by authorization ,
issued by the Minister of Development,
in accordance with the procedure and
within the thirty (30) days specified in the
preceding paragraph. "
10. Paragraph 5 of Article 8 of Law
3468/2006 antikathitatai as follows: "5.
For the operation of stations referred to
in paragraphs 1 and 2 required
authorization. This license is granted by
decision of the institution or made under
paragraph 1 responsible for the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
authorization facility, at the request of
the individual and scrutiny by the
relevant institutions to comply with the
technical conditions of establishment
during the trial operation of the station
and control CRES ensuring the
necessary operational and technical
characteristics of the plant's equipment.
The license is issued within a deadline of
fifteen (15) working
days after the completion of these
checks and process, as set out in the
Minister of Development referred to in
paragraph 10 of this article. 11. Article
25 of Law 3468 / 2006 is added in the
section D paragraph 3 as follows:
"3. Staff employed in CRES any legal
relationship may, by order of the Minister
of Development, notwithstanding any
general or special order, be seconded to
the Directorate General for Energy of the
Ministry of Development for providing
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
scientific, technical and secretarial
support. The salaries of seconded staff
are paid by the Ministry of Development.
12. The Chapter of Law 3468/2006 after
Article
Article 25 added 25th as follows:
"Article 25
Every producer of electricity in the
licensed production of hydroelectric
power in accordance with the provisions
of Article 18 of Law 1650 / 1986
protected areas suffer from the
commencement of commercial operation
of the station for a specific fee from the
provisions of Article 15 of Law
2742/1999 Management Agency
recommended the protected area. This
fee represents a rate of one percent
(1%) on the before tax, selling electricity
to the system or network or non-
interconnected islands. The amounts in
the special end of this article retained by
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the relevant Manager and assigned to
the managing body of the protected area
where the station is installed. "
13. At the end of paragraph 2 of Article
27 of Law 3468/2006 shall be added to
the initiation of force, following
subparagraph:
"The amendment, extension, renewal or
extension of the installation and
operating permits that are issued with
pre-existing provisions of this Act, be
effected by decision of the General
Secretary of the Region, within which the
station is installed in accordance with the
procedure and evidence set out in the
Minister of Development, issued in
accordance with paragraph 10 of Article
8. Moreover, the provisions of this Act. "
14. Article 7 of Law 3199/2003 (GG 280
A), as amended, added paragraph 6 as
follows: "6. a) Until such time as the
water resources development programs
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
under Article 4 of Law 1739/1987 (GG
201 A) or management plans for river
basin districts in this article, and to
licensed water use and project execution
exploitation of water resources of small
hydropower projects to meet the
conditions of case b below, allow the
training
and approval of program development or
project management sub-basin to the
contribution of the main current flowing
to the next equal or higher-order stream.
For such approval shall make a decision
of the Secretary General of the Region
in the district whose jurisdiction the area
of sub-basins, with the consent of the
Central Water Authority Ministry of
Environment, Physical Planning and
Public Works and ensure the
compatibility of this program or project
management sub-management studies
with the Ministry of Development, which
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
form the basis for Water Resources
Management Plans set out in Directive
2000/60/EC and in this law.
b) Notwithstanding the approved
Development Plan or Water Resources
Management Plan in the previous
paragraph, allow a single authorization
of water use and project execution
exploitation of water resources, as well
as installation and operating permits for
small hydroelectric projects (MYIE), the
collected power energy from renewable
sources, as defined in paragraph 1 of
Article 9 of Law 3468/2006, as the
installed capacity does not exceed the
limit specified in the table c, which is
included in case b of paragraph 1 Article
13 of this law. For those MYIE must be
met, the following additional conditions:
i) does not include storing water in
reservoirs seasonal, annual or
yperetisias regulation.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
ii) not alter the water balance of the
drinking water from their system of
surface water (stream, river, lake) and
the situation of the last operation.
iii) do not divert water from a surface
water body (stream, a river, lake) in
another
c) If the small ydroilektika projects
involve a wider cross-shaped water use
(irrigation, water supply, flood protection,
enrichment of aquifers, etc.) then
established project management of the
overall shape and there are the
restrictions of paragraph b.
d) hydropower, in accordance with
paragraph 1 of Article 9 of n.3468/2006,
why in the adoption of Water Resources
Management Plan will be in force at
least one water licenses, installation or
operation, are automatically in This Plan.
"
Article 27A Arrangements for
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
photovoltaic plants
1. The case b of paragraph 1 of Article
13 of Law 3468/2006 (GG 129 A) is
amended as follows:
"B) The pricing of electricity in the
previous case, apart from electricity
produced by photovoltaic power plants,
is based on data in the table below.
2. The cases d and e of the table refers
to the case b of paragraph 1 of Article 13
of Law 3468/2006 is deleted.
3. The pricing of electricity produced by
photovoltaic power is based on data in
the table below:
4. The electricity produced by
photovoltaic station and absorbed by the
system or network pursuant to the
provisions of Articles 9, 10 and 12
paragraph 1 of law 3468/2006, billed
monthly per megawatt hours (MWh) of
the acquired electricity.
The Minister of Development issued
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
after consultation with the RAE may
change the values in the above table. To
change was mainly taken into account
the penetration of photovoltaic power
plants in the country's energy balance,
the achievement of national targets for
RES penetration and impact to the
consumer than the relative burden of
excise tax RES. 5. a) The contract for
the sale of electricity from solar station is
concluded for a twenty (20) years,
stipulated by the reference value shown
in the table above and corresponds to
the month and year signed a purchase
agreement for electricity with the
appropriate Manager, provided opening
trial operation or in cases not provided
for trial period to enable the connection
of photovoltaic power, within eighteen
(18) months for power stations up to 10
MW within thirty six (36) months for the
power stations of 10 MW and above.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Otherwise, as a reference will take the
value corresponding to the month and
year made a start trial operation or in
cases not provided for trial period to
enable the connection of the
photovoltaic plant, according
has the power station at that time.
b) The values specified in the table
above adjusted each year in 25% of dikti
consumer prices last year, as last is
fixed by the Bank of Greece. If the price
quoted in this list updated as above, is
lower than the average of the System
Marginal Price as aftidiamorfonetai last
year increased by 30%, 40%, 40% and
50% respectively for cases A, B , C and
D in the table above, the pricing is based
on the average limit price of the system
last year, plus their respective above
rates. c) Contracts for sale of electricity
from photovoltaic plants have been
concluded before the commencement of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
this Act, for stations that have not been
in testing or has not activated the link,
amended in accordance with the
provisions of the preceding paragraphs;
s. d) Farmers have contracted to sell
electricity from photovoltaic plants and
the entry into force of this Law have set
up their stations as above, can either
modify the contract in accordance with
the provisions of those subsections to
reference value corresponding to
February 2009 and period equal to the
time remaining twenty years of the entry
of plants in operation, to continue the
implementation of the existing contract.
But if we exercise the right to renew the
contract, as provided in paragraph 2 of
Article 12 of Law 3468 / 2006 as sales
price will be stipulated as provided in the
above table that corresponds to the
month and year of renewal .
6. The program provided for in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
paragraph 1 of Article 14 of Law
3468/2006 schedule added production
or licensing exemption decisions on
applications for PV power installed in the
Greek territory, which at the
commencement of this Act has been the
relative opinion or decision of the RAE,
taking into account the number of
applications, the time for their safety
operation system and network and
charge the consumer through a special
fee for the RES.
Especially, applications for license
production of photovoltaic power and
decision exception, evaluated and
reviewed, respectively, as provided for in
Articles 3 and 4 of Law 3468/2006,
28.2.2009 until those have been up to
31.5. 2007 until 30.4.2009 as many have
made up to 30.6.2007 and 31.12.2009
by those submitted by 29.2.2008. By
decision of the Ministers of Finance and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Development, the terms and conditions
and other criteria of the tender process
for submitting requests for a
Year Month Grid Grid NOT A B C D
> 100 kW <= 100 kW> 100 kW <= 100
kW
February 2009 400.00 450.00 450.00
500.00
August 2009 400.00 450.00 450.00
500.00
February 2010 400.00 450.00 450.00
500.00
August 2010 392.04 441.05 441.05
490.05
February 2011 372.83 419.43 419.43
466.03
August 2011 351.01 394.88 394.88
438.76
February 2012 333.81 375.53 375.53
417.26
August 2012 314.27 353.56 353.56
392.84
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
February 2013 298.87 336.23 336.23
373.59
August 2013 281.38 316.55 316.55
351.72
February 2014 268.94 302.56 302.56
336.18
August 2014 260.97 293.59 293.59
326.22
During each year n by
2015
1.3 xmOTSn-1-1 xmOTSn 1.4 1.4 1.5
xmOTSn xmOTSn-1-1
mOTSn-1: Average Price Limit System
last year n-1
license production of electricity from
photovoltaic power stations over 10 MW
in a competitive process based pricing of
electricity. The submission of requests
made at the invitation of Minister of
Development, after consultation with the
RAE, in which the minimum wattage of
each individual project and advertised
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
for licensing power.
7. The production licenses or decisions
exemption for electricity production from
photovoltaic stations may not be
transferred before the opening of
channels.
8. Paragraph 3 of Article 14 of Law
3468/2006
replaced as follows:
"3. By joint decision of the Ministers of
Economy and Finance, Development
and Environment, Physical Planning and
Public Works, after consultation with the
RAE, a specific Development
Programme Photovoltaic Systems in
buildings and in particular to roofs and
facades of buildings in accordance with
applicable building terms. During the
training program, taking into particular
account the absorption capacity and the
security of grid operation. To absorb the
electricity generated by these systems
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
may be provided by the clearing of the
output and energy consumption in these
buildings. The same decision shall,
notwithstanding any other provisions
relating to the development of
photovoltaic power plants, the licensing
process, including o how making such
requests, the pricing of energy
produced, the contents of sales
contracts for electricity, and any other
necessary details for implementation of
this specific program. "
9. The third sentence of paragraph 4 of
Article 3 of Law 2244/1994, as inserted
by paragraph 7 of Article 2 of Law
2941/2001 is replaced as follows:
"The installation of the solar plants
energy to produce electricity or thermal
energy, wind turbines do not require
planning permission but work permits
issued at the request of the person
concerned by the appropriate Planning
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Agency in the area of the facility
pursuant the applicable General and
Special Planning Provisions. The
application was accompanied by
affidavits assignments and undertaking
studies and supervision of the project,
and topographic chart with a clear
itinerary, site plan, floor plans, sections
and views, project budget, documentary
evidence of payment of taxes and levies
and fees of engineers. "
Article 28 Management and Link stations

electricity from renewable sources of


Energy (EIA)
1. Supply Connection System or
Network Administrator responsible for
sudden power stations from RES has
been before the entry into force of Law
3468/2006, expires automatically after
six (6) months from the commencement
of this Act. The Supply Association of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the preceding paragraph may be
renewed before its expiry, on request of
the competent manager, unless
accompanied by consultation or locating
a favorable opinion of the committee
responsible for environmental permitting
services for the Preliminary
Environmental Assessment and
Evaluation (FPRD). The renewal of Bid
Association is the administrator
responsible primarily for once and for
two (2) years from the date hereof.
2. a) Supply Connection System or the
Network for electric power generation
from renewables, which has been the
entry into force of Law 3468/2006 and
before the effective date of the order
D6/F1/13310/18.6.2007 ( FEK 1153 B)
and its duration is not specified, shall
expire automatically after three (3) years
from the date of the original wording.
b) Supply Connection System or the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Network for electric power generation
from renewables, which has been the
entry into force of Law 3468/2006 and
before the date of this decree and its
duration is less than three (3) years,
valid up to three (3) years from the date
of the original wording.
3. Subject to the provisions of paragraph
1 of this article extends the validity of the
Bid System Connection or Network for
electric power generation from
renewables have expired on the date of
this Act, unless there is a licensed
facility, and space until the end of the
installation permit. The extension of the
Promotion Association is made by the
responsible manager with priority over
the claims made for the first formulation
Supply Association or requests made
under the provisions of paragraph 1 of
this article.
4. Subject to the provisions of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
paragraphs 1 through 3 of this Article,
requests made to extend the Offer
Connection System or the Network for
electric power generation from
renewables handled by the responsible
manager to requests for an initial version
Bidding Association.
5. Demands for increased power
production from renewables, up to ten
percent (10%) of the power given to the
Connection Offer and plants that do not
fit into a specific plan or scheme and not
in areas with congested network,
satisfied priority only once in connection
with claims submitted the first version
Supply Association. In all other cases
handled by the Manager as responsible
for claims first Association Offer
expression.
6. In case of withdrawal of electricity
production from RES will lapse
automatically and the relevant Offering
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Association.
7. The Minister of Development, upon
the recommendation of administration,
conditions and procedures for submitting
applications and making Promotion
Association under the technical
parameters of the system or network.
8. In paragraph 2 of Article 15 of Law
2773/1999 (GG 286 A) add the event as
follows: "h. Participates in associations,
organizations or companies, whose
members are managers power
transmission systems, which aim to
process and rule-making joint action to
contribute in the context of EU legislation
in a single internal market in electricity
and in particular the division assignment
of rights and power transmission through
their respective links, and the
management of these rights on behalf of
those managers. "
Article 29 Arrangements for the National
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
System Operator
Gas Inc. (DESFA SA)
1. Article 7 of PD 24/31.5.1985 added
paragraph 6 as follows:
"6. Allowed the construction of facilities
of the company "National System
Operator Gas (DESFA) SA"
notwithstanding the provisions of Article
1 hereof. The exemption was approved
by the Minister of Environment, Physical
Planning and Public Works, upon
recommendation of DESFA Inc. and
opinion of the Central Council of
Physical Planning, Housing and
Perivallontos.I exception of: aa) Tin
integrity of the land, the surface of which
may not be less than 500 m2. b) The
distance between the facility and the
boundaries of the land, which shall not
be less than 2.50m.
c) The amount of coverage may not
exceed fifty percent (50%) plots of land,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the amount of the rate of construction
land shall not exceed 1.20 and the
coefficient of volume operators can not
exceed 5.
d) The amount of solid fencing of the
land, if necessary for reasons of public
safety and facilities. This height must not
exceed 4.50 meters. "
2. Where to in paragraph 4 of Article 7 of
Law 3428/2005 (GG 313 A) added last
paragraph as follows: "The contract
posting, which includes a tavivasi real
rights in property by DEPA SA to DESFA
SA, without attaching to it certified
extracts of the cadastral charts, as
provided in paragraph 5 of Article 14 of
Law 2664/1998, inserted by paragraph 9
of Article 2 of Law 3481/2006 (GG 162
A) is valid and it produces all the legal
consequences. The strength of the
preceding paragraph shall begin on
2/8/2006. "3.a. Article 17 of Law
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
3428/2005 added to paragraph 3 as
follows:
"3. This procedure of paragraphs 1 and
2 are not required where SAFETY,
which is part of interconnection, which
has been exempted from the obligation
to provide access to third parties as
provided for in Article 22 of Directive
2003/55/EC. In this case, the request for
authorization SAFETY presented
together every element of the relief
granted. SAFETY The permit includes
conditions under which the exemption
was granted. "B. The existing paragraph
3 renumbered 4.
4. The second and third sentence of
paragraph 3 of Article 18 of Law
3428/2005 as follows: "If the initial and
subsequent interface with the ESFA,
Operation License granted SAFETY
DESFA Inc., except where SAFETY of
whose management is regulated by
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
intergovernmental agreements, or
SAFETY serving exclusively Nominated
Transit. If the License Management
SAFETY granted DESFA Inc., the
licensee SAFETY contract with the
DESFA SA, which kathorizetaito
consideration must DESFA Inc. the
licensee SAFETY receivable from the
total revenue of DESFA Inc. based on
published tariffs for use of SAFETY, due
to take over management of SAFETY. "
5. Article 4 of n.1929/1991 (FEK 19 A),
as amended, added paragraph 4 as
follows:
"4. Those who violate the provisions of
subparagraph B and D of paragraph 1 of
this article, is punishable by
imprisonment up to two (2) years and a
fine of at least three thousand (3,000)
million. "
6. In preparing or amending the general
development plan or project Housing
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Organization Open City, and the
inclusion or expansion of a town or
village in the 200 meters on either side
of the axis of the installed pipeline high
pressure needed to be taken into
account and complied with safety
standards high-pressure pipeline DESFA
SA.

7. In DESFA Inc. apply mutatis


mutandis:
a) of paragraph 1 of Article 1 of Law
367/1976 (GG 162 A)
b) of paragraph 2 of Article 25 of Law
1892/1990 (GG 101 A)
c) Articles 4 and 5 of Law 1929/1991
(FEK 19 A), d) of paragraph 5 of Article
12 of Law 2289/1995 (FEK 27 A)
e) of paragraph 3 of Article 6 and Article
20A of Law 2052/1992 (FEK 94 A) and
f) the ninth article of the Law 87/1975,
which fine-
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
was Article 29 of Law 2115/1993 (Official
Gazette 15 A), as applicable.
8. a. At the end of paragraph 2 of Article
58 of Law 998/1979 (GG 289 A), as
applicable, add the following
subparagraph:
"Notwithstanding the foregoing, the
authorization response for the
installation of transmission and gas
distribution in forests and wooded land
granted by decision of the Secretary
General of the Region, following the
approval tal About Terms (PSC) during
the applicable
measures. "
b. From the first sentence of paragraph 2
of Article 58 of Law 998/1979, the words
"natural gas".
Article 30 Arrangements for the Centre
for Renewable
Energy Sources (CRES)
1. Paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 1 of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Presidential Decree 375/1987
(GG 167 A) are replaced as follows: 1st.
A private legal entity under the name
"Center for Renewable Energy Sources
and Energy Saving" and trademark
"CRES. That name for relations with the
outside translates to «Centre for
Renewable Energy Sources and
Saving» and has a distinctive title
«CRES». b. Where the Presidential
Decree founding of that legal person by
law or administrative action the name
"Center for Renewable Energy Sources"
means now the Centre for Renewable
Energy and Conservation.
2. CRES is a non-profit and charitable
organization has administrative and
financial autonomy and is supervised by
the Ministry of Development. "
2. Article 2 of Presidential Decree
375/1987 replaced
follows:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
"Article 2
Chair of the Community CRES defined
Pikermi in Attica. "
3.a. Paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 10 of
Presidential Decree 375/1987 are
amended as follows:
1. The organization serves the CRES
function of energy planning and energy
policy in the country, and that the
development of energy research and
technology mainly in terms of renewable
energy and energy conservation.
2. The specific structure of CRES
services is determined by the Board that
approved by the Ministers of
Development and Finance. "
b. Paragraph 3 of Article 10 of
Presidential Decree 375/1987
repealed.
4. Section 15 of PD 375/1987 as
amended
follows:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
"Article 15
The re-organization and structure of the
Centre, the individual responsibilities of
the administrative units, the functions of
any kind for the Centre and in general
every detail necessary for the proper
and efficient operation, governed by its
rules, drawn up by the Board of CRES
and approved by the Ministers of
Development and Finance. "
Article 31 Provisions of the Public Gas
Corporation SA
(DEPA)
1. Paragraph 22 of Article 7 of Law
2364/1995 (GG 252 A), as amended, is
amended as follows: 22. The
depreciation of the rights of the ECN or
the Gas Company, if applicable,
paragraph 4 of Article 4 of this Act
acquired by the PSC is conducted in
stages and equally in time have the right
to use and enjoyment thereof. The
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
preceding paragraph shall apply
analogously to the expenditure by the
PSC for making non-owned natural gas
distribution networks. "
2. Article 7 of Law 2364/1995 added to
paragraph 23 which reads as follows:
'23. Contributions in kind referred to in
paragraph 4 of Article 4 of this Act by the
ECN to the corresponding CPC, which
contributed towards the share capital
each, measured on the basis of
valuation report prepared by an
independent auditor, notwithstanding
Article 9 of cl 2190/1920, as amended.
The ekthesiapotimisis must: a) provide a
description of each asset is the
contribution in kind
b) state the valuation methods applied,
c) attests, if the values resulting from the
application of these valuation methods
correspond at least to the number and
the nominal value of shares issued in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
respect of contributions or, if there is a
known denomination, at book value
taking into account the difference over
the discount is likely to result from the
share issue. If the valuation report
prepared by conducting the tender of
paragraph 6 of Article 4 of this Law, it
may be updated in order to reflect the
financial bid of a private investor
participation in the capital of the PSC
and any assumptions of this writing,
under which determined the value of that
offer. These reports are submitted to the
publication requirements of article 7b of
CL 2190/1920. "3. H Paragraph 2 of
Article 44 of Law 2773/1999
(GG 286 A), as amended, is repealed.
4. Where to in paragraph 4 of Article
7 of Law 3428/2005 (GG 313 A) added
second
paragraph as follows:
"The DEPA not required to submit a
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
statement engrapteou right, or any
request or application for correction or
objection on the proprietary rights to
these properties, in derogation from
Articles 1, 2, 6 and 10 of Law
2308/1995. The strength of
preceding paragraph shall begin on
15/6/1995. "5. Paragraph 13 of Article 7
of n.3428/2005 amended as follows:
'13. By decisions of the Board of DEPA:
a) identify the number of jobs and skills
of staff engaged for the needs and b)
can be employed to ten (10) consultants
or experts working relationship with
associates private limited time to meet
specific needs. These recruitments are
subject to the conditions and terms of
paragraph 1 of Article 17 of Law
3429/2005. 6. Paragraph 2 of Article 21
of n.3428/2005
replaced as follows:
"2. The latest DESFA the establishment
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
of SA, the gas distribution companies
(ECN) incorporated under the provisions
of Law 2364/1995 merged into a single
marketing authorization in accordance
with the provisions of paragraph 2 of
Article 4 of Law 2364/1995. "7. In
paragraph 2 of Article 21 of n.3428/2005
prostithetaiedafio second, which reads:
"Following the merger of these into a
single ECN ECN, where the provisions
of n.2364/1995, as applicable, refer to
gas distributor, means "the uniform gas
distribution companies has emerged as
above and which participates in the
capital and the new PSC will be
established in accordance with
paragraph 4 of this Article."
Article 32 Arrangements relating to the
Council for National
Energy Strategy (NPC)
1. Paragraph 1 of Article 2 of Law
3438/2006 (FEK 33 A) add an element
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
as follows: k. Providing, upon decision of
the Minister of Development and
Executive Task technocratic
support for the Administration of the
Ministry for the promotion and
implementation of research and
development of the energy wealth of the
country. "
2. The last sentence of paragraph 1 of
Law 3438/2006 arthrou4 repealed.
3. At the end of paragraph 2 of Article 4
of n.3438/2006, as applicable, add the
following points:
"The posting is made, notwithstanding
any general or special order at the
request of the President of NPC, with a
joint decision of where the responsible
Minister and the Minister of
Development, or only by a decision of
the Minister of Development, where the
removable serving a supervised entity by
This Minister, after consulting the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
institution's administration. The
remuneration of the detached, and all
the benefits of their post, except those
associated with the active performance
of duties borne by the NPC. The
duration
the posting shall be deemed effective
years of service in the department from
which detached, maintaining all
insurance and pension rights. "4. Article
4 of Law 3438/2006, as amended,
prostientai paragraphs 4 and 5 as
follows:
"4. The salaries of scientists and special
partner of Special Scientific Secretariat
established jointly by the Ministers of
Finance and Development. The same
decision may be granted to regular staff,
in addition to statutory leave, and special
bonus.
5. In detached positions of specialists
and specialized associates are paid by
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
choice, or any kind of salary and
allowances received during the time of
posting or the salary set by the decision
of the previous paragrafou.I choice is a
final statement of removable media one
month after the occurrence of posting to
be submitted to the Special Scientific
Registry of NPC. If the period is missed,
the removable as retaining its earnings
release by
seconded. "
Article 33 Arrangements for the Public
Power Inc. (PPC)
1. The g of paragraph 2 of Article 19 of
Law 2773/1999 (GG 286 A), as
applicable, in the fifth to the end that is
replaced as follows:
"In PPC SA granted by this law license
to produce electricity for the renewal and
replacement of old capacity units with
new modern technology, unlimited
power.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The Minister of Development, issued
after consultation with the RAE defines
the general and specific terms and
conditions for issuing any new
production unit under the provision of
this Article in accordance with the law
and the Rules of Licensing of Production
and Supply of Electricity as applicable.
Two months before the date of inclusion
in the system or networks for any new
unit, PPC a request for fixing and
replacing old units, the corresponding
power. The Minister of Development,
issued after consultation with the RAE
and the recommendation of the
managers, the status and operating
conditions of such Units (or dismantling
into standby or emergency supply of
ancillary services). "
1.a. The pending requests PPC
submitted in accordance with the
provisions of Article 23, paragraph 12 of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
n.3175/2003 and Article 19 paragraph 1
of Law 3587/2007, under the
arrangements now present.
2. Article 24 of Law 3377/2005 (GG 202
A) is amended as follows:
"Article 24
1. The provisional single license that x
origithike accordance with paragraph 5
of Article 8 of Law 2941/2001 (GG 201
A) on PPC units, referred to in Article 42
of Law 2773 / 1999 (Government
Gazette 286 A) and are included in the
single permit production of PPC as
amended, extended until 31.12.2013.
2. Units of PPC, which have been
licensed for production from 24/1/2002
until entry into force, until 31/12/2013
Temporary License as defined in
paragraph 5 of Article 8 of Law 2941 /
2001 (GG 201 A).
3. Referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2
apply to many of these units of PPC
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
transferred to the company "PPC
Renewables SA.
4. Units referred to in paragraphs 1 and
2, including units of the PPC are listed in
Appendix (Tables A, B and C) the
decision of the Minister of Development
D5/IL/A/25396/20.12. 2007 (FEK 2487
B). "
3. By joint decision of the Ministers of
Development and Environment, Physical
Planning and Public Works committee is
formed, which will prepare a proposal to
amend and simplify existing licensing
process in the electricity sector,
including ensuring the coordination of
the authorities involved in law in this
process. To the committee include
representatives of the Ministry of
Development, Ministry of Environment,
Physical Planning and Public Works, the
Energy Regulatory Authority and the
Council of National Energy Strategy and,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
if necessary, executives and other
experts as appropriate competent
Ministries or agencies, teachers,
university or TEI, and experts on energy
issues. In the same decision sets out
how we work, the duration of the
compensation
members and any other necessary
detail.
Article 34 Other provisions
1. The last sentence of paragraph 2 of
Article 3 of Law 3051/2002 (GG 220 A)
applies to the President and members of
the Competition Commission.
2.a. Article 22 of Decree 1044/1971 (GG
245 A) add paragraph 4 as follows:
"4. Be installed in kiosks photovoltaic
proper size only to meet their own
energy needs. In this case the type and
size of the stands, the project
interventions to increase the size of
existing stands, technical specifications,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
criteria and all necessary details for the
installation of photovoltaic panels on the
roof and the accompanying equipment
into the booth and relative
marked as "solar pavilion" out jointly by
the Ministers of Development, National
Defence and the Environment, Physical
Planning and Public Works. "b. The joint
decision provided for in paragraph shall
be issued within six months from the
entry into force.
3. Quantities verbatim biodiesel, which
katanemithikangia 2008 and not
disposed of by the beneficiaries up to
December 31, 2008, available in the
year 2009 and until exhaustion, applied
the relevant provisions of existing laws
3054/2002 and 2960 / 2001 and the
regulations. The validity of a provision of
the preceding paragraph beginning
1.1.2009.
4.a. Article 4 of Law 3325/2005 (FEK 68
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
A) is added to paragraph 8 as
follows"8.a. The expansion of industrial
units, located in what county, adjoining
land of neighboring counties. In this case
the licensing authority of existing plant,
which should take into account any
special restrictions or conditions of the
area expansion. If the area is forest,
nature requires that provided by Article
56 of Law 998/1979 approving response.

b. For the extension from a neighboring


county in the region of Attica industrial
units, which perform the activities
specified in Article 17 of Law 3325/2005
requires that the conditions of that
provision, the existence of which is
demonstrated by the competent
authorities the prefecture.
c. Extensions of the preceding
paragraph may apply to the provision of
Article 28 of Law 3325/2005. In the joint
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
ministerial decision referred to in that
provision shall also use the stadium's
expansion of the facility, approved by the
environmental conditions for the
expansion and operation of the unit and
defines the obligations, restrictions and
other necessary terms and conditions of
licensing and operation of establishment.
The area expansion may not exceed fifty
percent (50%) of the surface area of the
main facility. "
b. Paragraphs 8 and 9 of Article 4 of Law
3325/2005 renumbered 9 and 10
respectively.
5.a. Paragraph 1 of Article 17 of Law
3054/2002 FEK 230 A), as amended,
replaced as follows:
"1.a. The Minister of Development or the
competent body in case of any breach of
law, and by authorization of the
regulatory decisions issued, a fine of five
thousand (5,000) up to a million five
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
hundred thousand (1,500,000) Euro .
For the amount of the fine imposed shall
be taken as criteria, in particular the
gravity of the offense, the consequences
arising therefrom, the degree of fault and
any repeat offenders. For tinaxiologisi
delinquent behavior as recurrence,
taking into account the existing entries in
penalties. At relapse, whoever within
three years from the decision, which
imposed on him a fine or other penalty
for any of these offenses, is a new
offense.
b. By a decision of that minister may be
categorized these violations and to
establish a procedure for imposing the
limits of the fine in each category or
each individual failure within the limits of
the first paragraph of this and any other
necessary detail. A similar decision may
be adjusted to those limits.
c. For the same offense just fine by a
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
competent authority to do so pursuant to
the provisions of existing legislation by
the Ministry of Development. Any
imposition of a fine second for the same
offense does not produce any legal
effect. The imposition of a fine not
preclude other administrative sanctions
as may be prescribed by statute.
d. The Minister of Development, any
infringement of the provisions hereof,
may, after considering the
consequences for the wider general
public, publicly through the press or by
other appropriate means the sanctions
imposed by paragraph 1 of this. "
b. Paragraph 4 of Article 2 of Law
3335/2005 (FEK 95 A) is repealed and
paragraph 5 of this section shall be
renumbered 4.
c. Paragraph 7 of Article 22 of
n.3054/2002 (GG 230 A), as amended,
is amended as follows: "7.a. Failure to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
comply with the provisions of the Decree
referred to in paragraph 1 and decisions
prefects issued pursuant to paragraph 3,
it is a decision of the Prefect fine of
fifteen thousand (15,000) to twenty
thousand (20,000) million. The said fine
shall be certified by the competent
department of the Prefecture and
collected
accordance with KEDE from the tax
office the county seat where the natural
or legal person is required. By decision
of the Ministers of Finance and
Development can be adjusted in fine of
this paragraph.
b. The provisions of paragraph 3 of
Article 23 of Law 2224/1994 (GG 112 A),
as applicable, apply in this case '
6. In paragraph 3 of Article 13 of Law
272/1976 (Official Gazette 70 A), add
the following subparagraph: "Especially
for the proceeds of IGME from providing
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
services to third parties is possible, of
these, after deduction of costs
implementation, to be placed by the
Minister of Development, upon
recommendation of the Board IGME, to
conduct basic research programs,
research, education and training
programs, as well as to fund other
activities or obligations of IGME, such as
those arising from insurance contracts
which are not covered by state subsidy
to the Regular Budget. "
7. Article 3 of the Statute of
Administration and Management Public
Benefit Foundation DISSEMINATION
CENTER MUSEUM OF SCIENCE AND
TECHNOLOGY, ratified by paragraph 2
of Article mere presidential decree
"Approved recommendation charitable
organization called" CENTER SPREAD
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
MUSEUM "and ratification of the body
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
(GG 1411/V/22.10.2001) added the third
paragraph as follows:
"3. The foundation for the fulfillment of its
objectives may be sponsored by the
Public Investment Programme of the
Ministries of Finance and Development
and the regular budget of the General
Secretariat for Research and
Technology Development Department,
and any other lawful source. "
8. The strength of temporary operating
licenses under Article 10 of Law
3279/2004 (GG 205 A) is extended until
September 10, 2013. 9. The Ministry of
National Development Coordinator
position is recommended for Research
and Technology to promote and monitor
the implementation of the Lisbon
Strategy in their respective subjects.
The National Coordinator is an
independent advisory body
monoprosopo, indicated by the Minister
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
of Development and reports directly to
him. By joint decision of the Ministers of
Interior, Finance and Development
define the powers of the National
Coordinator, salary status, qualified
employment, the composition of his
office and any other necessary detail.
10. To meet the needs arising in the
evaluation of applications under
paragraph 6 of Article 27A, the
Secretariat of the RAE, recommended
twenty (20) jobs dikaiouorismenou
private time, other than those provided
by the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3
Article 37 of Law 3428/2005. The
duration of these contracts can not be
automatically extended and expires on
30.6.2010, without any other act. The
recruitment of these positions is the
President of the RAE and the hired staff
apply mutatis mutandis to paragraph 6 of
Article 5 of Law 3297/2004 (GG 259 A).
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The costs arising from the
implementation of previous provisions
are entirely
the budget of the RAE. 11. Paragraph 2
of Article 28 of Law 2773/1999 is
replaced as follows:
"2. By joint decision of the Ministers of
Economy and Development
kaiOikonomikon set the fee for the
issuance, modification and transfer of
production licenses and exemption
decisions and annual fees for the use of
permits and of those exceptions. "
12. The Minister of Development,
published in the Government Gazette
shall exidikefontai institutions and
planning procedures, planning,
management and control of state aid by
the Ministry of Development under Law
3614/2007 (GG 267 A).
13. Article 14 of Decree
91852/4359/9.12.1975 "On the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
organization of Services of the
Thessaloniki Chamber of Small (FEK
1510 B) is repealed.
Article 35 Commission of the "oil pipeline

Burgas - Alexandroupolis "


By joint decision of the Ministers of
Interior, Finance and Development
Committee may recommend consisting
of the Prefect of Evros prefecture and
representatives of the Regional
Administration, local authorities a
degree, and professional and other
bodies in the same prefecture in relation
the project "pipeline Burgas -
Alexandroupolis, under the Tripartite
Agreement as ratified by Law 3558/2007
(GG 101 A). To establish the
Commission issued a decision of the
prefect. In the same ministerial decision
sets out the Commission's
responsibilities, how they work, the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
financial resources available for funding
the project in relation to assist ministries
in negotiating the terms of the transit
agreement with the company project
TRANS BALKAN PBV, to perform the
procedures for design, construction and
operation touagogou provided in this
Agreement and in overseeing the work.
It also describes how and the
management and control bodies of the
grant, the relevant procedures and any
other necessary detail.
Article 36 Arrangements for Emergency
Energy Market
1.a. Article 15 of Law 2773/1999, as
amended, added paragraphs 5, 6 and 7
as follows:
"5. Notwithstanding the provisions of
paragraph 4 and to ensure the
immediate availability of power
generation of electricity and adequate
power margins for the years 2009 and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
2010, the System Operator may enter
into contracts for power availability for
new gas turbine power plants fast start,
rated power to leave power to 150 MW,
which fits into the system until
1/12/2009. These plants given a
financial incentive in the form of
guaranteed income, which ensured the
minimum net revenue that the station
may be taken as a whole, its
participation in the Daily Energy
Planning (IEP), the Market Mechanism
and Reserve Force Availability, minus
the variable cost of power and
particularly fuel costs. If the station is put
into commercial operation by 1.7.2009,
the amount of guaranteed income is the
sum of seventy thousand (70.000) per
MW power available year. For station put
into commercial operation since
1.7.2009 and until 1/12/2009, this
amount is reduced proportionately per
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
day, by way of the Guaranteed Income
1/12/2009 reach fifty five thousand
(55.000) per MW available effect and
year. The above Guaranteed Income
allocated to three (3) years from the
position of the station in commercial
operation. The time period may be
extended for an additional year by the
Minister of Development after
consultation with the RAE. The Minister
of Development, after consultation with
the RAE, issued within two (2) months
from the commencement of this Act lays
down detailed rules for calculating the
guaranteed income, any specific
technical requirements which take into
account relevant best available
technologies way clearing, the specific
terms of these contracts and in particular
power availability guarantees and
penalties for non-availability above, and
any other necessary detail.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
6. For the licensing procedure of power
stations in paragraph 5 shall apply the
relevant provisions of existing legislation
for the licensing power plants.
Specifically with regard to the licensing
process limits the channels mentioned in
paragraph 5 of this Article are the
following:
a) The time of the order D5/IL /
V/F1/17951/6.12.2000 (GG 1498
V/8.12.2000) apply as
follows:
aa) The period mentioned in paragraph
1 of Article 5
set at twenty (20) days.
ab) The period mentioned in paragraph
3 of Article 5
is ten (10) days.
ac) The period referred to in paragraph 1
of Article 6
is ten (10) days.
ad) The period referred to in paragraph 1
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
of Article 10
set at twenty (20) days.
PA) The period mentioned in paragraph
1 of Article 11
shall be fifteen (15) days
b) The period mentioned in paragraph 4
of Article 4 of
Joint Ministerial Decision
11014/703/F104/14.3.2003
(GG 332 V/20.3.2003) shall be thirty (35)

days.
c) The time of the order D6/F1 /
8295/19.4.1995 (GG 385 V/10.5.1995)
apply as follows:
ca) The period mentioned in paragraph 3
of Article 1.I.D
shall be fifteen (15) days.
cb) The period specified in Article 1.II.V
thirty
(30) days.
7. RAE within its powers, as provided in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
cases a and b of paragraph 1 of Article 5
of 2773/1999, when evaluating
applications submitted for licenses,
monitors conditions to ensure
competition, including and monitoring
issues mergers. "b. The existing
paragraphs 5 and 6 of Article 15 of Law
2773/1999 renumbered 8 and 9
respectively.
2. In paragraph 7 of Article 6 of Law
2244/1994 (GG 222 A) add points as
follows: "Through the process of the
previous paragraph may,
notwithstanding the provisions of
existing law to be engaged in any PPC
temporary employment relationship staff,
which has suffered permanent physical
disability of at least 50% following an
accident in the company. If the
appointment is not legally possible
because of perceived incompetence
executing any work in the Company
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
applies the provision in the first sentence
of this paragraph. The validity of these
verses beginning January 1, 2008. "
3. Deleted paragraph 3 of Article 3 of
Law 134/1975 (GG 180 A) and
paragraph 4 of that article
anarithmeitaise 3.
Article 37 Arrangements for geothermal
1. In point i of paragraph 1 of Article 2 of
Law 3175/2003 (GG 207 A) add the
following subparagraph:
"The management may involve a part of
the low-temperature geothermal field."
2. In the third sentence of paragraph 1 of
Article 4 of Law 3175/2003, the word
"five" is replaced by the word "ten (10)."
3. Paragraph 2 of Article 4 of Law
3175/2003
replaced as follows: "2. For sites that
have not been investigated or potential
geothermal fields in leased the right
research. The competition between the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
contestants refer to expenses for
conducting research in the area under
lease, the kind of research and
development phase in over time
execution and the costs are incurred. If
after the research period specified in the
contract, certified proven geothermal
field and submitted within three (3)
months from the tenant economical
design management
scope, given to him and the right
management, unless the study is
considered by the landlord of a reasoned
decision as wrong, inadequate or
unattractive. In such a case occurs,
automatically, termination of the lease
and proceed submission of bids, as
required by the provisions of this Act. To
be granted the right to manage the
following additional procedure provided
in Article 14, where management
includes the distribution of tempera-
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
nomic power to others. "4. Article 4 of
Law 3175/2003 added paragraphs 5 and
6, and the existing paragraph 5
renumbered 7:
"5. Where are confirmed geothermal
temperature pediachamilis surrounded
by or adjacent to potential geothermal
fields, hiring the right management of
established the right of investigation of
possible low-temperature geothermal
fields can be made uniform with a
tender. The competition of bidders in this
case refers to both criteria of paragraph
2 and paragraph 3 of this article.
6. In cases where the competition for
hiring the right management witnessed
low-temperature geothermal field
declared unsuccessful, is repeated
within one year from the date of adoption
Sveta declared barren. Although the
second contest declared unsuccessful,
the Secretary General of the Region
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
may, on the basis of geological and
economic and technical study prepared
by the IGME, hire the right management
for parts of the geothermal field, giving
priority to rural farms. The lease is a
contest conducted in accordance with
the provisions of paragraph 1 and
timeleti IGME. The competition among
bidders relates to the amount of the
budget, the viability of the investment
and the type of use of parts of the
geothermal field. The lease of the right
to manage parts of the geothermal field
is for ten (10) years. The duration of the
lease may be renewed for additional five
(5) years, subject to the terms of the
contracts and terms of environmental
protection where necessary. When the
lease on a farm in the geothermal field
for the award requires the prior
agreement of NAGREF, provided nos
within one month of the aitimatos.Se any
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
case, after Over five (5) years from the
declaration of barren and the second
contest of this paragraph and in
accordance with the procedure in
paragraph 3 of this may be carried out to
tender for hiring the right management
witnessed low-temperature geothermal
field as a whole, even if are hiring the
right to manage portions of the
geothermal field. In this case, the tenant
the right to manage the geothermal field
is included in the rights and obligations
of the State, as lessor of the above
rental agreements the right to manage
parts of the geothermal field. "
5. The first sentence of paragraph 1 of
Article 5 of Law 3175/2003 is replaced
as follows:
"The Minister of Development adjust the
specific terms and procedure of the
lease referred to in paragraphs 1, 2 and
3 of Article 4 Rights and general
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
management of geothermal fields in the
country."
6. Article 5 of Law 3175/2003 added to
paragraph 2 and the existing paragraphs
2 and 3 renumbered 3 and 4
respectively:
"2. The Minister of Development
eidikoteroioroi regulate the process of
leasing rights management departments
established as geothermal in paragraph
6 of Article 4. In that decision, inter alia
established:
(A) Procedure.
(B) The specific terms of the notice.
(C) The evidence submitted by the
candidates
tenants.
(D) The criteria for evaluating
applications.
(E) The bonds to participate in
competitions;
tion and performance of the contract
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
terms.
(F) The terms of the lease.
(G) The method for determining
minimum and propor-
tural rents. "
7. In the first sentence of paragraph 1 of
Article
9 n.3175/2003 deleted the word
"acquired".
8. Paragraph 1 of Article 9 of
n.3175/2003
deleted the last sentence.
9. Article 9 of Law 3175/2003 added new
PA-
ragrafos 3 as follows:
"3. The control of the research and
exploitation
tation of the geothermal fields and
brought
Inspection of Mines under the Rules
Quarry Mining Operations, of the Rules
Geothermal Operations and Mining
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Code.
To carry out such checks, inspections
may request the assistance of IGME. "
10. In the 3175/2003 Law added a new
Article 10 as
follows:
"Article 10
Incentives for development of
geothermal energy
1. By joint decision of the Ministers of
Economy and Finance and Development
may lay down specific incentives for the
development of energy
systimatonthermansis - cooling of Article
11.
2. A similar decision may be adopted
specific incentives for the development
of research and exploitation of
geothermal fields. The decision was
issued after consultation with the RAE,
where among the incentives offered,
including the guaranteed selling price of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
electricity where the geothermal field is
used for electricity generation. "
11. At the end of the first subparagraph
of paragraph 1 of Article 13 of Law
3175/2003 the words "other than the
sale of leasing rights to which Article 7 of
this.
12. At the end of the first subparagraph
of paragraph 1 of Article 14 the words
"except in the case of paragraph 9 of this
article.
13. Article 14 of Law 3175/2003 added
to paragraph 9 as follows:
"9. If the exploitation of low-temperature
geothermal field exclusively distribute
thermal energy farms, the heat
distribution license granted by the
Minister of Development after
consultation with the relevant Region.
The Minister of Development sets out
the specific terms of the license
distribution of the preceding paragraph,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
which should, inter alia, to ensure that
the public interest, the obligation
transparent trading conditions,
determining the methodology for
calculating tariffs, compliance safety
conditions and environmental protection,
how to check compliance with the terms
of the license revocation process it and
provide any guarantees. "
Article 38 Insurance ELGA - Regulation
Scholarships
Ministry of Rural Development and Food
1. The provisions of paragraph 3,
paragraphs a and b of Article 7 of Law
2945/2001 (GG 223 A) continue to apply
amended are as follows:
"3.a. Since the entry into force of this
law, the objects of insurance and the
insured risks defined in Articles 3 and 3a
of Law 1790/1988, only those directly
insured or those defined in the
Regulations of ELGA insurance, in force
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
at the beginning force of law. Insurance
in accordance with the above regulations
by amendment.
b. Decisions of the Ministers of Economy
and Finance, Rural Development and
Food, issued upon recommendation of
the Board of ELGA and published in the
Gazette, set the start time and
conditions of insurance and risk
insurance articles to Articles 3 and 3a
Law 1790/1988, which is not directly
secured in the previous case a. In those
decisions determine the amount of
expenses incurred and the method of
coverage2. After paragraph 7 of Article
10 of Law 3698/2008 added to
paragraph 8 as follows:
"8. a) The Minister of Agriculture will
establish the payment of grants under
paragraph 7 of this article.
b) The Secretariat for the Committee
referred to in paragraph 7 of this Article
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
shall be entrusted to the Directorate of
Education of the Ministry of Rural
Development and Food. The Minister for
Rural Development and Food, as
Secretary of the Commission, his
deputy, a member of staff of that
Department. "
Article 39 contiguous Functional
Integration Principle
Hospitality Complexes
Contiguous and intersected by natural or
artificial obstacle to the main hotel
accommodations may be receiving
approval from the competent services of
the Greek National Tourism Organisation
(EOT), functional integration, and be
granted a single Special
Operating signals (ESA) with the
following conditions:
1) The hotels are adjacent to or
intersected by natural or artificial
obstacle and has
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
presented by the legal adoption above
the ground or under-
Hi crossing.
2) The hotel units belonging to property
the same natural or legal person.
3) The hotel complex is main-xenodo
cheiaka accommodation of the same
type and rating
in stars.
4) be adopted and implemented the in-
yfi
halons legislation necessary building
permits.
5) There will be no modification
(enhancement or
decrease) the rate or coverage of each
building
synenoumenon of business.
6) There will be no enhancement of the
total number of beds in combination with
hotels.
7) The common spaces cover the entire
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
capacity of a single unit.
8) In case of future re-independence of
one or more business units created will
be fully cover the legal, technical and
quality standards applicable at the time
epanakatatmisis them.
Article 40
1. The validity of the provision of
paragraph 2 of Article 12 of Law
3631/2008 shall be extended after its
expiry on 31.12.2008 until 31.12.2009.
By the same date of the applicable
provision of the second sentence of
paragraph 1 of Article 35 of Law
3419/2005. 2. The validity of Law
3653/2008 (Official Gazette 49 A) begins
to
1.1.2010 unless otherwise specified in
individual orders. The preceding
paragraph shall be valid from 1.1.2009.
41
1) To Greek government represented by
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the Minister of Tourism or any person
specially authorized by the Minister that
it may recommend SA named
"AGRICULTURAL TOURISM AND
RECREATION FORMS IPIES SA and
the distinctive title" AGRO.T. I.M.A. SA
to build and the process of implementing
the policy of the Ministry of Tourism on
rural tourism and mild alternative forms
of tourism, under the principle of
sustainable anaptyxis.2) Toarchiko
share capital thaanerchetai minimum the
sum of three hundred
thousand (300,000) euros, divided into
shares which are entirely borne by the
Greek government and non-transferable.

3) The General Assembly of the Greek


State is represented by the Ministers of
Economy and Finance and Tourism. The
company is overseen by the Tourism
Minister, and operates in accordance
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
with the provisions of Law 3429/2005
(GG 314 A) of the Statute and
supplement the provisions of Law
2190/1920. 4) The statutes of the
company will be established by notarial
act out the location, duration, purpose
and issues of organization,
administration and operation, in
accordance with the present Law
3429/2005 and the CL . 2190/1920 (FEK
144 A), as whenever applicable. 5) The
resources of the company come from: a)
grants from the Public Investment
Program, including technical assistance
programs financed by the European
Union or national resources, b) the
regular budget, c) the holding of assets,
d) Donations , bequests or grants from
any institution, e) on loans of any kind
and f) any other legitimate source.
6) In fulfilling the objectives of the
company can operate as a service of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
general economic interest, which may be
sponsored by national and Community
resources by adopting the relevant
decisions of the Ministers of Tourism and
Economy and Finance, which will be
determined and all necessary
arrangements to implement this.
7) The company is managed by a nine
Board.
8) Any specific issues relating to the
structure of the services, responsibilities,
personnel of the company to any such
fees and allowances and the expenses
and compensation of the management
company regulated by specific
regulations, issued the Board of
Directors and approved by resolutions of
the Ministers of Economy and Finance
and Tourism.
42
1. The opening hours of shops bottled
drinks (liquor stores) are regulated in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Article 1 is the joint decision
1169/3.2.1994 Labour and Public Order,
as confirmed by Article 14 of Law
2194/1994 (FEK 34 A). 2. At the end of
paragraph 9 of Article 1 of Law
2323/1995 (GG 145 A), as applicable,
add points which are as follows:
"The licensees exercise stationary open
trade in (a), (c) (d) and (e) shall be
excluded from the process of drawing
lots to determine the placement which
will be installed in the holder. Also, the
process of drawing lots to determine this
location, excluding holders of outdoor
exercise stationary trade whose license
will be renewed in accordance with the
provisions of Article 5 of PD 254 / 2005
(GG 307 A). "
3. The second sentence of paragraph 3
of Article 17 of Law 3377/2005 (GG 202
A), as amended, replaced as follows:
"Furthermore, the sale of books outdoors
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
by publishers or booksellers players if
they have issued prior to five (5) years
and are available at reduced prices. "
4. Paragraph 5 of Article 2 of Law
3297/2004 (GG 259 A) is amended as
follows:
"5. The mandate of the Consumer
Ombudsman and Deputy Ombudsman
set four years. Re the same person as
the Consumer Ombudsman is
authorized for another term, consecutive
or not. In case of resignation or
termination Ombudsman or Deputy
Ombudsman, appointed replacement for
the remaining term of the resigned or
suspended member, which at the end of
the extended automatically for another
full term. The mandate of the
Ombudsman and Deputy Ombudsman
shall be extended automatically to the
new appointment. "
43
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
1. To the second sentence of paragraph
1 of Article 17 of Law 1023/1980 (FEK
47 A) as amended and is replaced as
follows: "The extent of this right, the
procedure and method of payment and
collection, and all necessary details are
regulated by a decision of street markets
of Athens - Piraeus to street markets
operating in the region of southeastern
Athens-Piraeus, the Organisation of
Thessaloniki street markets on street
markets operating in the region of
southeastern Thessaloniki and the
General Secretary of the Region for the
other public markets in the country. "
2. The third and fourth sentence of
paragraph 4 of Article 17 of Law
1023/1980, as amended and is replaced
as follows: "The amount attributable to
these Omospondieskai to entities with a
similar purpose may be available for
modernization, veltiositis operation and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
promotion of public markets, and to
cover part of the functional requirements
of the Associations and operators with a
similar purpose. The allocation of this
sum by the federations and agencies
with similar purposes, for that purpose
may after approval of the Ministers of
Finance and Development. "
3. The resources of the Special Account
Fund abolished street markets to
strengthen the federations referred to in
paragraph 4 of Article 17 of Law
1023/1980, as they entered the state
budget, in accordance with the decision
of the Minister 2/82565/12.11.2008
Economy and Finance, all funded by the
bodies referred to in paragraph 4 of
Article 17 of Law 1023/1980. By decision
of Minister of Development, in the last
sentence of paragraph 4 of Article 17 of
Law 1023/1980, down and further terms,
conditions and procedure for disposal of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the amount paid to players with a similar
purpose in the third and fourth
subparagraph of paragraph 4 of Article
17 of Law 1023/1980.
44
1. The second sentence of paragraph 1
of Article 2 of Law 3242/2004 (GG 102
A) is amended as follows: "Where the
applicable legislation referred to the
Minister of Press and Mass Media or
cabinet member who supervises the
General Secretariat of Communication
and Information, hereinafter means the
Minister of Interior. "2. The first sentence
of paragraph 5 of Article 2 of Law
3242/2004 is replaced as follows: "A
presidential decree issued upon
proposal of the Minister of Interior,
established the organization of these
General Secretaries, allocate
responsibilities and adjust to any matter
relevant to their function. "3. Paragraph
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
6 of Article 2 of Law 3242/2004
replaced as follows:
"6. By decision of the Prime Minister
may recommend to the position of
Deputy Minister of the Interior and even
in excess of the maximum number of
paragraph 4 of Article 47 of the Code of
Laws for the Government and
government agencies that kyrothike the
first article of the PD 63/2005 (FEK 98
A). "
4. Paragraph 1 of Article 52 of the Code
of Laws for the Government and
government bodies, ratified by the first
article of PD 63/2005, is repealed. In a
case of paragraph 2 of Article added
subindents ee and ff, as follows: ee)
General GrammateiaEpikoinonias, ff)
Secretariat General of Information.
Article 45 Repeal
Since the entry into force of this Act is
repealed any general or special
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
provision is contrary to the meaning of
provisions of this Law or deals with
matters regulated by it.
Kapodistriou ATHENS 104 34 * 32 * Tel
210 52 79 000 * FAX 210 52 21 004 E-
MAIL ADDRESS: http://www.et.gr - e-
mail: webmaster.et @ et.gr *
01000082801090024 *
Article 46 Entry into force
The validity of this Act shall commence
publication in the Official Gazette, unless
otherwise indicated in specific
provisions.
We order the publication of this in the
Government Gazette and its execution
as a law of Kratous.Athina, January 28,
2009
PRESIDENT
REPUBLIC OF
Karolos GR. PAPOULIAS
The PM
Konstantinos A. Seal
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
MINISTERS
ECONOMY
HOME AND FINANCE
PAVLOPOULOS J. P. Papathanasiou
Environment, Physical Planning
DEVELOPMENT AND PUBLIC WORKS
K. C. HADJIDAKIS SOUFLIAS
EMPLOYMENT HEALTH
AND SOCIAL PROTECTION AND
SOCIAL SOLIDARITY
Fani Palli-Petralia D. Avramopoulos
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
FOOD AND JUSTICE
S. HADJIGAKIS N.G. DENDIAS
CULTURAL TOURISM
A. K. SAMARAS MARKOPOULOS
Considered and entered the Great Seal
of the State.
Athens, January 28, 2009
The ON THE JUSTICE MINISTER
N.G. DENDIAS
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
A new "stock" worth millions of euros to
enter in In Greece, the gold-bearing
licenses for photovoltaics.
The government's decision to re-
evaluate from scratch all the applications
have been filed so far for the production
licenses to over 3000 MW against 790
MW in the original program, has opened
the appetite of large investors who are
willing to pay a state as well as for
permits have already been issued.
Market cycles are talking about
companies that offer a license for 150
kW (small investments that do not
require environmental assessment)
100,000 euros, if the holder did not pay
for the preparation of the study only
2,500 euros. For permission to even a 1
MW, it sounds that are in excess
amounts and 1 million, if the holder had
spent on preparing the study only 25,000
euros! The bazaar for licenses primarily
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
in areas with large subsidies for
investments by the investment law. Such
is the Peloponnese, Thrace, Epirus and
the islands in the Aegean Sea, where
the aid reaches 40%, regardless of size
company. These incidents may be
isolated and still do not characterize the
entire market, it is nevertheless
indicative of the climate prevailing view
of the change of regime. The interest in
investment in solar has revived, although
that's amendment to be voted on soon in
the House, Market Cycles talking about
companies that offer a license for 150
kW (small investments that do not
require an environmental study) €
100,000 subsidized market price of
produced energy from the sun is going
to decline significantly over the next six
years. The reduction of the subsidized
price is for two reasons. First to be
licensed as many megawatts as
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
possible, partly to avoid overcharging
customers [through the end for RES
(Renewable Energy) to pay all current
accounts PPC)], as would be realized if
the original high values in throughout
8000 and requests that has accumulated
in the drawers of RAE (Regulatory
Authority for Energy). This would mean
that every year over a decade,
consumers will have to pay an amount of
1.5 billion paid to producers of electricity
from photovoltaics.
However, the reduction of the subsidized
price does not seem intimidated
investors. Quite the contrary. The PV
market which until a few months
karkinovatouse, forcing foreign
companies to look up and left for
Greece, has suddenly come alive.
What amendment provides for producer
prices
The amendment will be filed this week in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the House makes even more appealing
landscape for investors, adopting almost
all the positions of industry
representatives. The original proposal of
the Ministry of Development stated that
the unwinding of the guaranteed
purchase price would start from January
2009, and from then on would be
reduced by 1.5% per month for the first
two years at 1% per month for the next
time and the fourth year and then 0.5%
by the end of 2014. However, in light of
the objections raised by market
participants, the Ministry seems
determined to extend the scheme to the
current prices until at least mid-2010.
This means that the producer will be
connected until mid-2010 the system will
receive the same guaranteed price for
solar kWh produced in force today, is
400 euros / MWh. Also, always following
the complaints of investors, the scaling
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
of the guaranteed price will start from
mid 2010, will be 1% per month for the
period 2010-2014 rather than 1.5% per
month, as in the original proposal. As for
the period from 2015 onwards, the
scenario promoted by the Ministry states
that the current price is based on the
Price Limit System (OTS) increased by
30% -50% depending on the size and
location of PV. The contract will be firm
for 20 years and will be adjusted
according to changes in the price index.
If the amendment finally take this form, it
is clear that the temptation for investors
is greater.
Guaranteed Income for 20 years
The reasons are many. Despite the
reduction in subsidized price per month,
Greece has its primacy as the country
offering the most generous price per
kilowatt hour of solar pan. This coupled
with the fact that Greece has the longest
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
sunshine duration in the European
Union, brings one of the highest incomes
pan to anyone who invested in our
country. Under the RAE, an investor with
1 MW solar to connect to the system in
January 2009 will earn 520,000 to
560,000 per annum, depending on
whether the unit is located in the
continental system, or an island. Income
for the corresponding German investor
to set up unit in Munich (the area of
Germany in the sunbelt) shall not
exceed 319,000 per year. In the event
that Greece, the income goes to is 60%,
higher than in Germany and 30% higher
than an investment in Spain. Moreover,
the new system can per month to reduce
the investor but is locked to absorb the
energy produced by the Hellenic
Transmission System Operator (ie a
guaranteed income) for 20 years,
against only 10 years applied to the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
present.
How consumers will be burdened
Can solar energy has enormous
advantages such as no pollution, low
noise operation and dependence on
fossil fuels, but has a disadvantage that
the cost of technology. To install a one
megawatt required approximately 5
million, which is why the countries bet on
the exploitation of the sun heavily
subsidize the price of the kWh generated
by the system. Inevitably, the burden
falls on the shoulders of consumers.
For example, today a producer who is
already working station more than 100
kw the grid receives a guaranteed price
400 euros / MWh for 10 years. This
value is approximately five times
compared to that of wind farms and
almost tenfold from certain tariffs of
electricity, due to the extremely high cost
of photovoltaics. Subsidize the sale price
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
of a kilowatt solar consumers pay
through the end of support for RES
electricity bill. With the amendment in
fact prepared by the Ministry of
Development, the annual cost of charge
for renewable energy is estimated to
grow from 350 million a year provided
the original proposal, 600 million
annually. This is because although the
price is reduced, but increased both the
power of licensing to MW (from 790 to
3,000) and the duration of the
guaranteed purchase price from 10 to 20
years. This means, according to the
RAE, the total costs for consumers
through a special fee for renewables to
20 years will reach around 12 billion
euros over 7 billion euros it had originally
estimated would cost the proposal. To
assess the magnitude of this burden on
consumers and the national economy,
states only that the capitalization of the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
PPC is now the order of 10 billion!
Always at the RAE, this not
inconsiderable weight corresponds to an
average annual increase of over 10% of
household electricity prices from the
period 2010 to 2012 (when it will begin
to connect the first solar mass) and for
20 years.
Long-term benefits
Completely different is the view of
industry representatives photovoltaic,
they consider that such benefits for the
country and the economy as 20 years in
depth, not only will consumers with 12
billion euros, but will also have the
benefit of energy account. This is
because each kWh produced by
photovoltaic means to prevent release of
approximately one kilogram of carbon
dioxide in the atmosphere. A typical
system of a kilowatts per year prevents
the release of 1.3 tonne of CO2, but that
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
would absorb two acres of forest. In
time, given that from 2013 onwards,
when all energy-consuming industries
throughout Europe will begin to pay
'fines' for all the quantities of carbon
dioxide emitted as more sotera-PV has a
country so fines will pay less. Since
'fines' electricity companies will pass
largely to consumers through increases
in electricity tariffs, the benefits from the
existence of solar multiply. Moreover,
solar can help prevent black-outs. This is
because the maximum production of
solar electricity coincides with the
afternoon peak hours (including
summers), nos gego which helps to
avoid black-outs and reduce electricity
imports are doing to cover the deficits of
us. Antitheti, RAE
In any case, the RAE is opposed to the
satisfaction of the Department's request
of investors, which if done will finally
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
bring direct confrontation led by the
Ministry of Development Authority's
chairman, Michael Karamanou. "The 12
billion we estimate that the fee charged
for renewable energy, namely electricity
bill in two decades, representing an
average increase in household tariffs
between 10% and 20% annually. The
unfortunate thing is that this enormous
burden is clearly disproportionate to the
percentage contribution of solar energy
to our needs. This is because even be
able to install 3,000 MW solar will not
only get to cover only 4% of total energy
consumption in ElladaTo big problem
with solar is that they themselves do not
offer a solution to energy demand 24 /
7 . Anyway even if someone decides to
pay 15 ~ 20 thousand euros to install a 2
KW would face longer the state.
Commonly should be open books with
revenue costs that this entails.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

Thick slavery in the solar ...


By George Kraloglou

Suppose, say suppose that a new, say from Corinth, using the off plan property
of his grandfather and some of his own funds with small loans are considered a
business opportunity to encourage the Government to establish a photovoltaic
installation. Logical is not it? Let us see the continuity. She took her new history
seriously the government and starts with aspirations to joining the small and
medium sized business of energy. Watch now (but carefully) what is to happen
to the poor man who believed the Greek state and tell me whether or not the
heavy work of "Native Greeks" even the (otherwise simple) story of
photovoltaics.
Deite six "steps of death 'aspirations and expectations of each new or old
businessman who trust the Greek state and the incentive to advertise that,
ultimately, the sole purpose of creating impressions for political exploitation.

* Step One: You need to go to Tripoli to find the Tax Office Paleontology (!!!)
and ask for an opinion that there are no findings of paleontology at the site in
order to be able to create the unit ... (Similar paper is to equip each person in all
regions of the country)

* Step Two: We go to the Tax Office Antiquities of Corinth to get a piece of


paper that says the land is archaeological ...

* Step Three: We go to Patras and take the tax office there Antiquities paper
that there are no antiquities in the depths of the land of ... Will you tell me how
to justify these services are functioning and how volepsoume "our children" in
the state. Right. You are right ...

* Step Four: You should go to the Canal District to request permission to create
the desired unit.

* Step Five: Here things are made from gray, brown and very dark. Why should
I go to Planning permission for solar plant that will create unzoned city.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Moreover, such units are in fact out of plan and not in the draft next homes,
schools and hospitals. But come the Poledomia Corinth (and all services
Planning of the country) have not gotten instructions for licensing photovoltaic
units outside the city plan. We know it's going to get instructions, a joint
ministerial decision of the Ministers of Public Works and Ministry of
Development to be issued in 2006 (!!!) when given the number 3468 into law
that is supposed to help in every way those who want to become operators of
alternative energy and specifically solar.
Know but expect the decision for 40
months! The same stakeholders. Just
wait ... and please Forces service them
find a solution. And here is starting
bachalo ... Why do the planning agency
(normally also) that the service is
convenient to cover their backs. Other
Housing are asking for environmental
permits as factories (thereby reversing
the opinion of the European Union that
photovoltaics do not harm the
environment). Others consider solar factories and factory buildings and seek
appropriate papers and studies. Other applications are frozen because they do
not know what to do ... So our new from Corinth wait (along with perhaps
hundreds of others concerned) when it will decide by the Ministry of
Development Ministry to clarify the situation.

* Step six (desperation): The new Corinth frustrated by this situation is trying the
option of also gave the government not to lose the (voter) customer ... It starts
to get permission to install the unit in a large building available within the project
according to the motives of the 3734 Act in force from January 2009 to
strengthen (supposedly) related diotikes and other initiatives. What comes
across though? On the Planning Agency to request an environmental permit
because the PV is 21 kilowatts. But you know what is going to tell an
environmental permit to be approved by the Ministry? More or less the unit
should be set up around the moon ... and asks the man. Well, do not tell the EU
that photovoltaics do not harm the environment? Have said Yes to the
European Union. But these are koutofragkoi. We anticipate Ellinares in our
legislation that impacts on the environment not only solar panels up to 20
kilowatts. Since there is more danger and death throughout the world ... These
we believe and if you likes. Furthermore we will set up shops with "adeioules"
and other products trading ... How dare the koutofragkoi also tell us how we are
doing the "work" we ... george.kraloglou @ capital.gr
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
exactly on this issue have become the first communications while not
subsidizing the purchase of the system has two well.
- Does not open books TEVE etc, is off the electricity bill
- Sell 0.55 euros per kilowatt hour when the parks to sell medium and large 0.45
0.41
- Maximum deployment 10KWp
related links
http://www.express.gr/afieroma/photovol ... 70705.php3
http://www.express.gr/news/ellada/17208 ... 72088.php3
http://www.express.gr/afieroma/photovol ... 71905.php3

the thinking; I study here and the days ..


Incentives to 10KW photovoltaic roofs
ME financial incentives and simplification of planning, and tax obligations, the
Ministry of Development seeks to promote the installation of photovoltaic
systems on roofs of buildings and land outside the plan. In parallel, seeking to
use small geothermal fields for domestic use and for use by farmers as
greenhouses. Introducing institutional measures in the form of Joint Ministers
resolutions, Development Minister Costis Hatzidakis noted that by facilitating
the use of Ananeosimon Energy Sources in plant small, green energy is part of
everyday society, affecting all stages of their energy behavior and leading the
"revolution in green energy." Like announced in a press conference, Mr
Hatzidakis, the Secretary of State John Bougas and Secretary General Kostis
Mousourouli for installing photovoltaic systems on roofs of buildings:
Allow the sale of energy generated in the electricity network to 55 cents per
KWh, while the PPC charge residential users average 11 minutes per KWh.
This price will remain stable until 2011. They will then be reduced by 5%
annually until the end of 2019.I process will be offset by the value of the energy
consumed by. If the value of the energy is higher than that needed by the
household, consumers will receive a refund from the PPC, or long term, by
which a private supplier.
Every household, or any building (with the display as a producer manager or
other occupant is chosen by the owners) can install a system to power 10 KW,
with procedures in relation to the PPC will not require more than 70 days.
The parties, who may be individuals or very small firms employing up to 10
people and have a turnover of up to 2 million annually, are not required to issue
planning permission, but to take the planning a simple adoption out of the small
scale. Also not required to provide records to the tax authorities to exchange
power with PPC or licensing by the Energy Regulatory Authority and the
Ministry of Development.
Estimates of the Ministry of Development, the cost of a 5 KW power plant is
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
about 25,000 euros (5,000 euros per KW). Required surface about 80 m
produced approximately 6.5000 KWh per year. The consumption of an average
household is 5.000 - 7.000 KWh per year, which means that covered much of
its needs. However, this cost should be added additional cost 800-1500 EUR on
procedures and association studies.
PPC reserves the right not to approve the installation if it finds that it "raises" the
network, while the grounds for the application of the measure would not address
non-interconnected islands.
Furthermore, Joint Ministerial Decisions adopted to address issues relating to
the installation of photovoltaic unzoned land and plots. The JMD inter alia
provides for the abolition of all projects, with mandatory planning permission to
install solar power to 20 KW and conditional, and older, and not perfect and
plots, ie in less than 4 acre property and 80% coverage rate.
In terms of geothermal systems, as announced by Mr. Bougas officially
proclaimed seven new geothermal fields in Thymiana Chios (2 fields), Sikies
Arta, Damasta Fthiotida, Lihada Evia, Nea Apollonia, Thessaloniki and Antirrio.
Furthermore, for the first time we held competitions for promotion and research,
even in areas with non-declared areas.
As an incentive for installing geothermal systems showing the simplification of
procedures and the rapid depreciation of the estimated average cost of 13,500
euros in 6 to 8 years, compared with the cost of installing a conventional
heating system, which is home to 100 square meters reaches 4600 euro and
charged with annual maintenance costs.

Questions and answers about the PV rooftop

EOS and 400 MW is estimated to have reached the egkatestimeni power of

small photovoltaic systems to be


installed on roofs of buildings. Here are
questions and answers for photovoltaic
rooftop:

What areas of the country and what


buildings can be installed photovoltaic
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
systems in accordance with the program
of the Ministry of Development;
The program consists of systems to 10
kW, which will be installed in the attic or
roof (including shelters terrace) of
buildings used for residential housing or
microenterprises. The program covers
the entire country except the non-
connected with the continental system of
islands.
Who can install solar system are there
conditions?
Right to membership in the program are
individuals, not traders and natural or
legal persons traders, classified as micro
enterprises (up to 10 people and up to 2
million per annum turnover) that they
hold the space in which installed
photovoltaic system.
For the case of photovoltaic systems in
public areas of the building, allowed the
establishment of a single system.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Right to membership in the program are
the owners of property represented by
horizontal transmission after the
agreement of all owners or one of the
main horizontal property after granting
use of public areas from the rest, the
responsibility of the parties.
A prerequisite for joining the program is
a link consumption of electricity in the
building where the system is installed.
Furthermore, when the property is
installed the system used for housing, is
a prerequisite part of the thermal needs
of the building for hot water to cover by
using renewable energy (eg solar
thermal, solar water heaters).
How does an agreement of all co-
owners or allocation of space in a co-
owner?
Practically unanimous decision of the
General Assembly or by written
agreement of all co-owners of the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
building.
In the old building with no regulation how
to install solar?
Again practically unanimous decision of
the General Assembly or the written
agreement of all co-owners of the
building.
If someone owns the rights to the roof
reconstruction (ypsoun), you can install
only the solar system?
No, because the right does not entail a
right of exclusive use of the terrace,
which was reconstructed until the floor
above, is jointly-owned and shared.
Someone has the right to exclusive use
of the terrace. You can install only the
system?
Yes, unless prohibited by explicit
provisions. In this case the system will
be connected to the counter (clock) PPC
home and the revenue collected by him.
What are the procedures to be followed?
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

To connect the system and sell the


energy producer is addressed in the
local PPC signing two respective
conventions, one for the installation of
the meter essentially one for the sale of
energy.
What happens in regard to taxation?
H low power photovoltaic systems
ensures that the generated energy
equivalent to that required to meet the
energy needs of the owner of the solar
system. Consequently, there are, for the
main solar system, tax liabilities for the
disposal of such energy to the grid.
The citizen producer - consumer will not
have tax or insurance requirement (open
book, invoicing, insurance, etc.) or a
trader or not.
What happens in relation to Planning?
What does work permit small scale?
To install a photovoltaic system requires
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
approval out of the small scale within the
meaning of Article 7 paragraph 1 of Law
3212/2003 (GG A'A 308) as whenever
applicable and statutory instruments
issued kat'A authorized to access. The
conditions of establishment will be
defined by a circular of the Ministry.
What is the rate
All the costs are included in the so-called
cost per installed kW which is about
5,000 per kW (with good market
research can be reduced to 4.000 per
kW). It not only involves the likely cost to
insure the equipment against sabotage,
etc. In most cases the equipment is
covered by a guarantee of more than 10
years.
What about the electric meter?
We installed a new clock with double
meter for output from the facility
operation and disposal. The cost borne
by the watch manufacturer, as in all
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
cases connection to the electricity
network, and does not exceed 500.
How is offsetting the value of sold
electricity bills with PPC?
The sales proceeds of all energy
generated in the network, reducing the
amount of the total electricity bill will be
presented to credit electricity bill and
collected by the main system. If the
owner of the system is to manage the
building, then the system will be
connected to the shared counter (clock)
of PPC and revenue collected by the
trustee and distributed according to the
co-owners.
There are installers of solar systems?
The Ministry of Development will be
based on the parameters of the technical
people involved in photovoltaics. The
integration will be based on a simple
application, but in any case the
certification is an important advantage of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the free market.
Is there adequate systems in the
market?
Operating around 200 companies. It is
important that it is implemented and 5
Greek production units with a production
capacity of panels 200 MW.
There is a grant?
Nope. Price sold the electricity network
(55 per KWh) is very favorable and does
not require grants. Moreover, in this way
the citizen enters the process of
preparing documentation, evaluation,
authorization, auditing, etc.

Photovoltaic power 400 MW by 2010

EOS and 400 MW is estimated to have


reached an installed capacity of small
photovoltaic systems to be installed on
roofs of buildings. According to
calculations by the relevant departments
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
of the Ministry of Development,
coordinated by the Secretary-General
responsible for Energy Kostis
Moussouroulis in principle goal is the
installation of photovoltaic systems in
homes. This is because there are
limitations associated with the ownership
and use of the roof of the flats, which are
certainly at least the first phase would
create complications. Moreover due to
the limited efficiency of these systems is
not feasible to meet the needs of all
residents of an apartment building and
therefore provided that only one will be
the owner of each system and the
connection to the case of apartment
buildings will address the shared clock.
However, given that the building stock of
the country is estimated at about 3.2
million buildings, of which half are
houses, it is estimated that by the end of
2010 is feasible goal of positioning
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
systems corresponding to approximately
400 MW. This power represents a typical
thermal power plant.
The program presented by Development
Minister Costis Hatzidakis will be
activated in the summer they will be first
published in the Gazette, the joint
decision of the Ministries of Economy,
Public Works and Development.
According to Mr Hatzidakis this decision
will be ready by the end of May. In
addition to preparation is the decision of
the YPECHODE defining terms of
aesthetics, coverage issues insulation to
avoid burdening the microclimate of sites
where you install these systems. Also,
the decision of the Ministry will not allow
the installation of photovoltaic on a
stairway ends in traditional settlements
and listed buildings, unless authorized
by building special conditions governing
the settlements and the buildings are.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Penelope Mitroulia
I think it seriously study the square when
I have available. For 4KW the time it
takes a house, a cost 20K €.

Watch it:
Incentives to install solar on rooftops,
with simple procedures and increased
selling price to PPC's electricity
generated from the sun, said
Development Minister.
As Mr Kostis Hatzidakis, the installation
of photovoltaics will be no red tape in
planning without having to open books to
the tax office, without taxation or
licensing by the Energy Regulatory
Authority and the Ministry of
Development. On blocks the installation
will be by decision of general meeting of
owners and a majority laid down in
Regulation PPC buys energy to produce
solar panels to 55 minutes per kilowatt
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
hour price for those contracts signed in
2009, 2010 and 2011 and is guaranteed
for 25 years indexed. Under these
circumstances, the return on investment
will be made over approximately five
years. The PPC will set off the account
with the amount of power bought by the
household. If the values are greater than
charges for electricity, the account will
be credit.

According to figures provided by the


Secretary of the Ministry, Mr.
Moussouroulis:

-An average household consumes 5000


to 7000 kWh per year.

A PV-1 kilowatt power station produces


on average 1300 kWh per year.

-Therefore, the needs of the household


ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
are covered with solar power 5 kW,
which costs around 25,000 euros and
the required installation area 80 m

Possibility of installing solar, the specific


conditions and incentives, will have
small or micro enterprises, employing up
to ten employees and a turnover up to
make 2 million.

More specifically, as regards the


procedure for installation and operation
of PV: It costs 300 to 500 euros, will be
completed in no more than 70 days and
includes five steps: an application to
offer a link on the PPC work permit small
scale the Planning, signed contracts of
association and selling energy to the
PPC and activate the link.
All the procedures will be determined by
joint ministerial decree to be signed next
fortnight, while there will be circular from
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the Ministry of techniques - sensory
parameters.
Moreover, the leadership of the Ministry
of Development announced measures to
facilitate the installation of photovoltaic
soil. Accordingly, the panels can be
installed in non-perfect and plots, and
removes the obligation to issue building
permits.
As Mr Hatzidakis, these measures will
provide financial benefit to the people,
stimulated by the market and relieve the
electric system of the country, especially
the peak of summer.
"Greece is the first in Europe with solar
panels, a few years, we have the same
lead in photovoltaics" Those who have
completed think seriously, not resorting
to Chinese balls to save you money.
We look to find a link I have in bouropc
at home you can easily calculate the
output of an establishment under the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
weather data available
Lastly, the decision on approval of
applications received by a number of
criteria including:
- How close are the consumption units
- The overall consumption in the region
- The weather (temperature and sunlight)

- The adequacy of the implementing


body
Environmental protection
Finally, priority will be to strengthen the
southern system.

Greece is a gateway to Europe, is


something we understand and realize.
We want to reach the European markets
will be difficult to appreciate the support
and assistance we have from Greece.
Thank you once again Mr. Sioufas and
look forward to seeing him in our country
and believe that every problem in any
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
objective process, interpersonal
relationships play a very significant role.
I thank all who participated in our visit.
Motor Oil: Upgrade to "overweight" from
Lehman Brothers
In upgrading the recommendation for the
share of Motor Oil to "Overweight" from
"Equalweight" went to Lehman Brothers.
The reason for the upgrade, as
explained by the firm in a report dated
July 6, due to a 16% relative ypoapodosi
share from mid-May. O house makes
extensive reference to the high dividend
yield of Motor Oil, noting that increased
to 5.9% the highest in the industry. The
shares offered in this phase margin
increase of about 14% compared with a
target price of 23 euros set.

'REGULATORY AUTHORITY ENERGY


UNIVERSITY 69, Athens 10431
Tel: 3252748, FAX: 3255460, E-MAIL:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
info@rae.gr, WEB: www.rae.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRICITY
SYSTEMS .................... 1
2. FORMS-RES
TECHNOLOGY .......................................
... 3
2.1. WIND
ENERGY ................................................
............ 3
2.2. HYDROELECTRIC
ENERGY ...............................................
3
2.3. SOLAR
ENERGY ................................................
.............. 4
2.4.
BIOMASS ................................................
. ........................... 4
2.5. GEOTHERMAL
ENERGY ................................................
...... 5
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
2.6. KYPSELES
FUEL ................................................ ......
........................................... 5
3. COST OF PRODUCTION AND
GROWTH REQUIREMENTS OF
RES ....... 6
4. DEVELOPMENT OF THE RES IN
GREECE ............................................ ....
...... 9
5. CURRENT SITUATION AND
PERSPECTIVES ....................................
. 11
6. EFFECTS OF RAE: FINANCIAL
SUPPORT OF RES ........................... 17
DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRICITY
SYSTIMATT S
Since early last century when they
began the applications of electricity until
the early 10 years of 70, there is an
ongoing international concentration of
production in ever larger "Power
Stations", while development of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
transmission and distribution systems
with ever larger trends, such the rapid
growth of electricity demand, Sch 1. This
happened in our country to develop the
National System of Public Electricity
Power Corporation (PPC), which during
the period 1956-63 (about) purchased
approximately 300 electricity companies
supplying it to electricity with small local
networks.
Distribution System Operators Heat
hydropower station Production Systems
Links Other renewables or CHP
Substation Transmission Distribution
Substation consumptions
Figure 1. System Power
But in the wake of "oil shocks" of 10-
years old of 70, became international
awareness of the need for better use of
energy, first in order to better exploit the
energy resources deployed and,
secondly, to limit environmental
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
pollution. Then began the international
search for Alternative Energy Sources
to compensate for conventional sources
such as coal and oil and nuclear energy,
which of course has known problems.
Also started an effort to save and
generally better and more efficient
energy use. These factors contributed
decisively to the development first of
Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and
then to the development of Combined
Heat and Power (CHP). A key
advantage of renewable energy over
conventional sources that are renewed
by nature and do not cause air pollution.
But the rate at which energy is supplied
by renewable energy is controlled so
that the electricity to be provided when
necessary human needs. This coupled
with the fact that electricity is difficult to
store large quantities, leading to the
need to connect renewable energy to the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
grid and parallel operation of the
electricity system. Given that for
technological reasons, the ANA units are
low power, compared with conventional
units, are generally at the distribution
network Fig.1.
For CHP systems, the main advantage is
that a better use of primary energy
source, since it exploited and thermal
energy, which inevitably produced during
the process of converting primary energy
into electricity. It is also clear that the
strength of CHP plants, as they serve
local needs (eg a hospital) is relatively
small and therefore the power plant is
normally such as renewable energies,
the distribution network , Fig.1. Primary
energy in cogeneration plants, are often
natural gas, which is known as a
distributed manner similar to electricity.
But there are other sources such as
biogas or biomass, the use of which may
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
serve other purposes (eg exemption
from waste). With the connection of
renewables and CHP systems, achieved
the "distributed generation" of electricity,
namely the production of energy close to
consumption, thereby reducing the load
and losses in transmission and
distribution. In any case, the distributed
generation, mainly because of difficulties
in monitoring and adjusting production to
demand, creating the need for
appropriate adjustments for electrical
energy which is to ensure the proper
functioning and therefore a good
consumer service.
2-FORMS TECHNOLOGIES RES
The forms of renewable energy currently
exploitable technoeconomically are:
2.1. Wind Energy
The kinetic energy of wind converted
first into mechanical and then into
electricity through "wind, Fig.2. The wind
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
turbine technology has shown
considerable development in recent
years, with a corresponding reduction in
production costs of energy produced.
Today's "commercial size" wind turbines
is the size that presents the best cost-
benefit range from 600 to 1500 KW. But
in the process of testing wind turbines
operate until 3000 KW, are designed not
exceeding 5000 KW.
Figure 2. Wind Production Station
Cost reduction is achieved by installing
more wind turbines in the same position,
so we formed "wind farms", typically the
total force up to 40 MW. The main
disadvantage of wind turbines is the
visual changes made to the
environment, while the other, eg noise is
easily handled by the appropriate choice
of plant location. Note finally that the
output from a wind power increases with
the cube near the wind speed and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
therefore the appropriate choice of plant
location is essential for the efficiency of
investment.
2.2. Hydroelectricity
It is a renewable form of energy that was
used by the first steps in developing the
electrical applications, particularly the
construction of dams and water
reservoirs to create large rivers Fig. 3
(a). In recent years, but rapidly growing
technique of 'Small Hydro' Figure 3 (b)
power to 10 MW, which are installed in
relatively small streams and have limited
impact on the environment, they involve
merely an abstraction, a line pressure
and Pumpjet. Essential for both the
return on investment and the impact on
the environment is the choice of location
and the overall design of the project.
(A) (b)
Figure 3. Large (a) and Small (b)
hydroelectric project
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
2.3. Solar Energy
Using the direct conversion of electricity
through the "photovoltaic cells", presents
the most advantages. Their only
drawback is that they require the
allocation of large areas for installation
and especially the high acquisition cost.
Very efficient, given current costs as
direct use of solar energy for water
heating or heating (or cooling) sites.
Figure 4. Photovoltaic Production Station
on the roof of a house
2.4. Biomass
The term implies all kinds of waste
products and natural, animal, forestry
and fisheries production, before or after
their industrial processing and municipal
wastewater and waste. The exploitation
is not working (direct incineration) or with
various thermochemical (eg pyrolysis,
gasification) or biochemical processes
(eg aerobic fermentation). Better suited
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
to meet the needs heat in agricultural
applications, where available raw
material and / or tilethermnsi cities while
producing electricity. Especially
interesting is the energy recovery of
waste. Essential for efficiency often
required significant investment and
environmental impact in the region are to
secure the raw material (in quality and
quantity) and the technology to be
implemented.
2.5. Geothermal energy
Depending on the temperature of
geothermal fluid obtained by drilling, is
divided into "low" (25-1000 ° C),
"medium" (100-1500 ° C) and "high"
(over 1500 ° C) enthalpy. The
geothermal energy of low and medium
enthalpy find many applications in the
agricultural industry and space heating
and for electricity generation offers high-
enthalpy.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The technology applied in conjunction
with the characteristics of the
geothermal fluid is a determining factor
for reducing environmental impact. With
the return of fluid into the ground
immediately after use by a particular
drilling can be properly addressed the
environmental impact.
2.6. Fuel Cells
Their development is still at an
experimental stage, but there are high
hopes that the future will bring a
revolution in electricity generation and
transport, starting perhaps in the
decade. Operate using natural gas or
other gases and hydrogen future, which
is expected to be obtained from the
water with the widespread use of RES 5
3. COST TOO GOGIS AND
CONDITIONS OF GROWTH RES
As Figure 5 shows the evolution of the
indicative cost of producing energy from
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
different forms of RES, and the cost of a
modern production plant of Natural Gas
for comparison. It is worth noting the
considerable reduction of production
costs in recent years, some particular
types of renewable energy over the past
20 years, mainly due to the evolution of
their technology, but to be competitive
with production costs of conventional
sources. Therefore, for the further
penetration of renewables in the energy
market is currently at least necessary to
further support them. Figure 5.
Comparative presentation of the
production costs of renewable energies
with a corresponding cost of
conventional gas stations
From good will to the wider development
of renewable energy such as says the
above comparison of the costs of RES
and conventional sources, which is
based on values "market" is not correct
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
because it does not take into account
the so-called "external costs "which
should be borne by conventional
sources. The "external costs" reflects the
additional costs to be paid to the public
from the ravages of the environment (air,
soil and water resources) and human
health as a result of the use of
conventional energy sources and
nuclear energy, as well as disasters
caused by extreme weather events, to
the extent that they are a consequence
of the use of conventional sources.
In the same way operates the system of
fines under the Kyoto Protocol for
countries that do not reach the defined
goals in this limit pollutants. It contends
that the technologies for conventional
energy sources, particularly nuclear
were subsidized during the stages of
development or indirectly subsidized
today. Since the exact figures of the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
above is impracticable, great importance
is the correct information for citizens to
accept the consequences of
development of renewables, which are
often readily apparent (eg, the visual
deterioration of the environment by the
installation of wind turbines ), causing
the reaction. Moreover, as already
implemented in some European
countries, public information intended to
have the willingness to pay a small
additional percentage of the cost of
energy consumed, to offset the
additional costs of producing power
because of the penetration of RES as
indicated below. The development of
renewable energy is a key priority for the
European Union (EU), for independence
of energy supply and environmental
protection, and social and economic
cohesion. This is reflected by its recent
"Directive 2001 / 77" of the European
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Parliament and Council, and the
commitments of the EU the "Kyoto
Protocol" to the environment. The main
points of the "Instructions" are:
a) calls on member states to set specific
targets for the percentage of total energy
consumption and electricity in particular,
which will come from renewables by
2010. These rates should be consistent
with the overall aims of the EU, ie 12%
of the total and 22.1% of electricity. Also
provides ease of each member state
targets for the percentage of electricity
consumption. For Greece is 20.1%
(including large hydropower).
b) stipulates that member states can
currently only be set up measures of
renewables to achieve the aims, which
should be in accordance with the
principles of the internal electricity
market, taking into account the
characteristics of different technologies
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
that are simple and effective and to
provide for transitional arrangements to
maintain the confidence of investors.
c) stipulates that Member States should
review the licensing procedures and
administrative arrangements to ensure
transparency and facilitate the
development of renewable energy.
d) stipulates that they should take
appropriate measures to give priority to
connecting renewables to the electricity
networks and calls upon Member States
to require the System Operator and the
Network on regulations that will ensure
transparent connectivity and cost.
Note finally that the Directive defines
intervals within which Member States
must report the results from the
application of prescribed.
Measures to support renewable energy
used by Member States include
investment subsidies or tax breaks, but
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the main support comes from the direct
support for energy prices paid to
producers of RES. Measures to support
prices to fall into two main categories:
� Fixed price schemes, operating
notably in Germany and Spain, which
contributed significantly to the rapid
promotion of RES and our country.
Characterized by specific energy price
paid by electricity companies to
producers of RES.
� quota systems, which apply
particularly to England, Ireland and the
Netherlands, with a small contribution to
the development of renewables. Based
on setting energy prices through
competition among producers to support
renewable energy will become, after the
Government decides on the desired
amount of energy from renewables.
Implemented through two main
mechanisms:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

(J) The green certificates: The RES is


sold at market prices, and to finance the
additional production costs of renewable
energy, all consumers 7
required to obtain a certain amount of
energy ("green certificate") from RES.
For the supply of green certificates
developed a secondary market for
"green energy", while the capital market
from conventional sources.
(Ii) Competition System: issued by the
state competitions for the supply of RES,
which goes to local consumption in the
price of the competition. The additional
costs of RES passed on to consumers
through a special fee. The issue of
selecting an appropriate support system
for renewable energies in order to
achieve the desired increase in
production from RES, in a competitive
deregulated energy market, without any
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
significant burden on consumers feel a
strong all Member States and regulators.
The complexity of the issue increased by
the fact that renewables are distributed
generation, in many levels of the
electricity system in a different format
each RES behavior, and thus the
determination of their contributions and
the assessment of costs incurred in
connection network is not easy. End key
is the level at which each country is the
development of RES:
From practice to date shows that
systems based on competition when
offered RES have already developed
some degree and not at the stage of
development. This is because the
conditions created in the competition can
be an obstacle to the "off" them.
4. The ANAPTYXX OR RES IN
GREECE
The first effort was the development of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
renewable energy with N. 1559/85,
which was the possibility of producing
electricity from renewable energy to
homes and Local Authorities (auto) up to
three times the force of their facilities
and sell the excess to PPC . The
contribution of law to the development of
renewable energy was minimal due to
low market price of energy by the PPC
and complex licensing procedures: in
1993 total operating wind power 27 MW,
of which only 3 MW owned by private
individuals, local authorities and OTE,
and the other in the PPC.
The actual start of the development of
renewable energy was the N.2244/94,
which has enabled the production of
electricity from renewables and
individuals for the sole purpose of selling
the energy produced to electricity, and
expand the possibilities of auto
production. He also ruled on sufficient
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
market prices of energy sold to PPC and
ten-year term contracts. Alongside
established development incentives
(Business Plan Energy Development
Act, etc.), which included grants of up
costs of RES and cogeneration that
despite the obstacles because of
complex licensing procedures, which
could not be overcome, significant
progress in especially in recent years.
Chart 1 shows the evolution of installed
wind turbines in the Greek area in Figure
2 and in Europe and worldwide.
Significant contribution to the
development of renewable energy was
the establishment of the Center for
Renewable Energy Sources-CRES,
which continuously since 1989, founded
participate actively in all efforts to
studies of the potential of renewable
energies (wind, small hydropower
development, etc.), the performance of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
any kind of measurement and
certification, technical assistance to
private and government institutions,
such as the Operational Energy
Programme, etc. Remarkable also was
the contribution of PPC to install the first
wind turbines, especially on islands, and
generally the extraction of raw
experience.
The main obstacles to greater
development of renewable energy were:
a) The long and arduous licensing
procedures setup, mainly due to lack of
planning, the inadequate staffing and
training of relevant regional agencies
and the complexity and ambiguity of
existing regulation
s.
b) The need for substantial expansion
and strengthening of the electricity
network in areas with high wind potential
(eg N. Euboea, Laconia)
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
c) Lack of land and general land use
planning, which combined with the lack
of knowledge among citizens about the
benefits of renewable energy, and even
failure from the beginning of a
compensation provision that would
satisfy the needs of local communities,
resulted in reactions residents.
d) The inability to fully exploit the high
wind potential of the islands, due to
technical problems with the existing
cooperation Dizeloilektrikous stations.
By N.2773/99 for the liberalization of
electricity, maintaining the status of Law
2244/95, adding that the designated
market prices RES and Cogeneration
regarded as the highest and can be
reduced by administration of License, by
decision of the Ministry of Development,
after consultation of the RAE. It also
provides that every RES bear
administrative charge, equal to a
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
percentage of sales attributable to the
energy and local authorities. (With MD at
2% of gross revenues). Finally,
N.2773/99 gives priority to absorb the
energy generated by APE to exploit to
the fullest extent permitted by the proper
functioning of the electricity system.
On 8/12/2000 the RAE was a call for
applications for production licenses on
the basis of the "Licensing Rules for
Production and Supply of Electric
Energy", adopted by the Ministry of
Development after RAE's proposal, as
defined in Law 2773 / 99. In this
invitation, the response of investors was
very good and continues today. In the
first column of Table 1 below, indicating
the number of requests and the total
power per technology to 31.12.2001.
Table 1. Applications for authorization to
produce renewable energy projects up to
31.12.2001
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Technology
RES Hits Positive Opinion RAE (*)
(MW)
Application Number Power
(MW)
Wind 696 11.325 1593
Small power / ktrika 255 629 289
PV 13 7 2.3
Biomass 33 361 87
Geothermal 6 335 -
Total 1.003 12.657 1.971

(*) 31.12.2001
The evaluation of all applications
submitted until 31.12.2001, made by the
RAE with the technical assistance of
CRES. The process and evaluation
criteria specified in Regulation Licensing.
Based on the criteria of Article 9 of the
Rules of Licensing of Production and
Procurement, and as defined in Article 3
of N.2773/99, referred to the feasibility of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
energy projects, prepared by the RAE,
the "Guide for the Evaluation of
Applications for Electricity Production
from RES and CHP small. The full text of
the "Guide" is published on the website
of the RAE. Detailing all the evaluation
methodology, which ensures a
transparent, objective and equitable
treatment of all applications. The
evaluation results, to appear in the next
column of Table 1. It includes the
assessment of applications involving in
southern Evia Laconia, which have very
high wind potential. The reason for the
postponement of the first evaluation was
the need to carry out extensive support
network of high voltage electricity, which
will require a period of 4 to 5 years to
take place and, secondly, that because
of the large number of applications
received, it was necessary be preceded
by appropriate spatial arrangement to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
minimize environmental impacts and to
avoid legitimate reactions of the people.
In Article 2 of Law 2941/2001 provides
for the creation of "Special Framework
for Spatial Planning and Sustainable
Development" for renewables within
protected areas and also provides that
until the adoption of this, the
arrangement will be made after
consulting the Division of Planning
Ministry. Under the above arrangements
and in collaboration with relevant state
and regional authorities, sought to
minimize the problems caused by the
use of energy sources renewable energy
in general and specifically in the areas
mentioned above. In parallel, the DEI
proceeds to final design of the
necessary support networks. According
to a preliminary study, which has already
taken place, the network infrastructure
created will allows connecting wind
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
farms to the total power 530 MW in Evia
(including the islands of the Cyclades to
the mainland interconnected system)
and up to 400 MW in Laconia . Also, the
planned expansion of the system to
Turkey, the level of 400 kV will allow for
significant absorption of wind power in
the region of Thrace. The RAE has a
favorable opinion and the Ministry of
Development has issued production
licenses for 230 MW of wind power
plants in the region, who will be able to
connect after the extension of the
system. With the creation of such
infrastructure can be used long term, the
current major energy source renewable
energy that exists in these areas.
Regarding the impact on the
commitment of land to install wind farms
to the above upper limits on worst case
of N. Evia showing the highest density of
states that cover more than 1% barren
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
(especially grassland) area of the total
surface, even without binding the most
part the use of land cover. (This
assessment is the view that wind farms
consisting of wind turbines occupying an
area of 200 meters in diameter each).
Specifically, the first column of Table 2
(a) shows the partition of the country by
sharing applications have been
authorized to establish or so and are in
operation or under construction. On the
next show wind farms which have
expressed a positive opinion of RAE
(until 31.12.2001). Certainly a significant
number of applications that have been
licensed for production is not certain that
there will be for several reasons. But I
new applications submitted in the
coming years will be replaced by others
of not less total power by choosing the
most appropriate job, due to better
knowledge of the available wind
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
resources and the overall experience
already acquired. Given the pace at
which they continue to apply for license
production of renewable energy projects
and other exploitable resources
estimated by region of the country, the
third column of Table 2 (a) is the power
per area is estimated to be installed by
2010, however, under certain conditions
set out in paragraph 6. Finally, the last
column of Table 2 (a) is the
corresponding energy can be produced,
taking into account wind conditions by
region. 2
Table 2 (a). Wind (*)
Region subject to License Installation
and Operation (MW) By Permission of
favorable opinion RAE (MW) Sub-Total
(MW) on estimated Additional Features
Up to 2010 (MW) Total (MW) Estimated
Annual Production (GWh)
THRAKI762793551505051239MAKEDO
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
NIA04747150197449IPEIROS0001010K
RITI7255127100227677NISIA44110154
70224706ST.
ELLADA2174176150326743PELOPON
NISOS402482881204081002DYTIKI
ELLADA026265076161EFVOIA-
ANDROS-
TINOS248152633506131879LAKONIA2
996125150275723ATTIKI031311001312
99SYNOLA51210811593140029937894
18
Table 2 (b) given the relevant
information to the right on Small Hydro,
which is the second largest source of
renewable energy.
Table 2 (b). Small Hydro (*)
Region subject to License Installation
and Operation (MW) By Permission of
favorable opinion RAE (MW) Sub-Total
(MW) on estimated Additional Features
Up to 2010 (MW) Total (MW) Estimated
Annual Production (GWh)
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
THESSALIA21, 256,4127,665;
0032.6657 MAKEDONIA24,
2121,7545,9610,0055,9698 IPEIROS13,
9679,5093,4610,00103,46181 KRITI0,
600,651,250,001252 F. ELLADA27,
1340,3767,5015,0082,50145
PELOPONNISOS4,
7013,6818,385,0023,3841 WEST
ELLADA9, 1125,2334,3415,0049,3486
ATTIKI0, 630,240,870,000,872
SYNOLA101,
59187,82289,4160,00349,41612 (*) Up
31.12 .2001
The biomass plant for which it expressed
positive opinion of the RAE amounts to
around 87MW, the total 360MW
received. The reasons for rejecting the
proposals were mainly the failure to
obtain the raw material. Most of those for
which he expressed a positive opinion of
RAE were exploiting the existing landfill
gas and agricultural waste.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The other renewable energy
technologies is estimated that it could
contribute substantially over the next few
years
In particular, photovoltaic technology is
tried and true penetrate the electricity to
a limited extent, but still inefficient
because of high investment compared
with wind and small hydroelectric their
cost. Substantial penetration of PV
system output requires strong support or
subsidize the high investment (eg in the
range of 80-90% of the cost of
establishment) or by subsidizing the
energy produced from them (price levels
of times higher than the present for
renewables). Admittedly, the estimated
amount of their payments should take
into account the benefits for the power
system due to distributed generation,
particularly for small solar installations in
residential and industrial buildings, so
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the production is right on consumption
and that the maximum production
coincides with peak demand for
electricity and has relatively small
fluctuations. The possibility of producing
electricity from geothermal energy is
mainly located on the islands of Milos,
Nisyros and lesbians. By applying
modern technology in the extraction of
geothermal fluid, which can avoid
adverse environmental impacts, and the
interconnection of islands adjacent to
them (or the mainland) with submarine
cables, it is estimated that it would be
possible to use the energy that source in
the near future. The economic viability of
these facilities with the current system
requires a deeper examination will be
made by the RAE, in general the best
way to test electrical island groups, such
as the Cyclades, in cooperation with
local bodies and government authorities.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

Summarizing the foregoing the following


for all RES projects:
In operation or under construction: 614
MW
With a favorable opinion of RAE
(31/12/2001): 1356 MW
Estimated additional, up to 2010: 1460
MW
FY 2010: 3430 MW

The energy generated from these


projects in 2010 is estimated at about
8800 GWh.
In 2010 estimated that the country's
needs will require a total power
generation 76000 GWh. So according to
these estimates produced from
renewable electricity will be a rate equal
to 11.6% overall.
Considering that the percentage of
energy produced by large hydroelectric
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
plants in 2010 and remained at the same
current levels, ie around 7 to 8%, the
target of 20.1% set by "Directive
2001/77" by the European Parliament,
cited in paragraph 3, it appears
achievable, provided that certain
conditions obtain, of course, referring to
the next section.
Chart 3 shows the possible development
of wind generation capacity, which will
remain the main renewable source by
2010.
RES projects licensed by Region
REGION Small Wind power / camera
Geothermal Biomass PV TOTAL
IF. Macedonia - Thrace POWER (MW)
339.15 0.75 0 9.5 0 349.40
PLITHOS 24 1 0 1 0 26
ATTICA POWER (MW) 31.2 0.87 0
35.38 0 67.45
PLITHOS 2 2 0 4 0 8
NORTH AEGEAN SEA POWER (MW)
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
22.5 0 0 0 0.01 22.51
PLITHOS 21 0 0 0 1 22
WEST GREEK POWER (MW) 140.2
34.34 0 0.9 0 175.44
PLITHOS 6 13 0 1 0 20
VALIDITY OF WESTERN MACEDONIA
(MW) 0 19.84 0 0 0 19.84
PLITHOS 0 0 9 0 0 9
Epirus POWER (MW) 0 95.31 0 16.09 0
111.40
PLITHOS 0 29 0 2 0 31
Thessaly POWER (MW) 90.95 28.28 0
2.07 0 121.30
PLITHOS 5 16 0 2 0 23
VALIDITY OF CENTRAL MACEDONIA
(MW) 47.2 27.23 0 12.38 0.6 87.41
PLITHOS 4 25 0 3 2 34
CRETE POWER (MW) 110.53 0.65 0
5.42 0.83 117.43
PLITHOS 23 1 0 1 7 32
IONIAN POWER (MW) 10.8 0 0 5.42 0
16.22
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
PLITHOS 2 0 0 2 0 4
SOUTH AEGEAN POWER (MW) 96.46
0 0 0.5 0 96.96
PLITHOS 35 0 0 1 0 36
PELOPONNISOU POWER (MW) 406.61
14.68 0 19.54 0.5 441.33
PLITHOS 25 7 0 4 2 38
GREECE CENTRAL POWER (MW)
514.5 58.72 0 0 0 573.22
PLITHOS 45 28 0 0 0 73
TOTAL POWER (MW) 1810.1 280.67 0
107.2 1.94 2199.91
PLITHOS 192 131 0 21 12 356

5
The share of renewables in total
expected investment in the energy
sector in Greece
Direct Investment in Energy (in million
Euro 2001) Expected investment by
2005 Expected investments from 2005
to 2010
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Power Plant
- Private Natural Gas Units 1200 1320
- Investment PPC - Production 1050
1000
- Private Hydroelectric Projects 100 350
- Renewable Energy 950 1500
Total plants 3300 4170
Electricity Networks
- Transfer 450 800
- Distribution 1750 2500
Total Network Power 2200 3300
Natural gas
Distribution of Cities 350 800
Infrastructure System Pipe 160 500
Total Gas System 510 1300
Other energy sector projects 450 750
GRAND TOTAL 6460 9520

Indicative allocation of investments by


type of renewable energy company
COMPANY TYPE POWER (MW)%
Local Authorities 90 6.02
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Foreign companies RES 312 20.84
Large Greek Companies 679 45.29
Small Greek RES 254 16.95
PPC and associates 83 5.56
Others (notably energy consumers) 80
5.34
TOTAL 1498 100
Source: RAE, October 9, 2001
6. EFFECTS OF RAE: FINANCIAL
SUPPORT OF RES
A key prerequisite for the development
of renewable energy is economically
viable investment. Unless there are
dramatic reductions in the costs of
renewable energy projects as provided
for at least the next few years, and
correspondingly large increase in the
cost of conventional sources of
production, it is necessary to continue in
various ways to strengthen them. The
target for large-scale penetration of
renewables requires activation of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
appropriate financial tools that should
satisfy at least the following:
1. To have a lasting and stable nature in
order to facilitate bank financing of
projects.
2. Be compatible with market
mechanisms of the liberalized electricity
market and avoid distortions of
competition
3. Integrate external market costs that
are required to meet such a way that
reflects the desire of payment
(willingness to pay) for consumers to
minimize the loss of total welfare
4. Be cost effective to maximize
efficiency in renewable energy at the
lowest possible cost.
Referring specifically to the wind, which
now represents the main output of RES,
we note the following regarding the
economic viability and options for their
support:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
• Please note initially that the output from
wind energy is strongly dependent on
wind speed. Thus, based on current
market price of energy produced with
renewable energy, and if the investor
has received a grant equal to 30% of the
cost of installation of the wind farm (as
defined by the Operational Programme
for Energy CSF), the estimate for
sustainability investment is essential that
the average annual speed of installation
location must be at least 6 meters per
second. The limit is on the "Evaluation
Guide" of the RAE and applied in the
assessment of wind farms have so far
been licensed.
• In order to create investor interest, but
without the 30% capital subsidy should
an average annual speed of wind on the
installation position of the wind farm to
be greater from 7 to 7.5 meters per
second. There are a number of such
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
projects, and in areas of high wind
potential for which the RAE would soon
give positive advice.
• Under the Operational Programme for
Competitiveness (OP), funded by the
CSF, for the grant project RES and
energy savings, worth 360 billion. Most
of them relate to renewable energy and,
moreover, possible grant from the
Development Law. It is estimated that
renewable energy projects power around
800 MW could be subsidized under the
above programs, until the end of 2006.
• In addition, for subsidy, 50% of the cost
of electrical networks that need to be
built to connect the EIA System.
• In order to achieve the objective stated
in the previous paragraph, a part of
renewables projects should be built
without subsidy. For these projects are
necessary to implement new financial
support mechanisms that should meet
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the four criteria mentioned above. One of
the candidates to consider financial
support mechanisms for renewable
energy which, if properly designed can
meet the four criteria are trading green
certificates. These certificates certify the
origin of electricity from renewables. The
regulatory policy is to impose on all
electricity suppliers to keep a minimum
number of green certificates in
proportion to the total electricity sales
made. Suppliers pass on the costs of
holding such certificates to their
customers, depending on the desire of
last to be powered by green energy
supplier or the seller is unable
certificates in the secondary market
either in the buyer. But certainly this is
part of a series of technical and
economic problems to be faced in trying
to promote renewable energies, which
are screened internationally in recent
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
years.
As stated in distributed generation is
changing the way the operation of
existing power systems, designed on the
basis of accumulated production. Since
electricity production must at all times
just to cover the demand, it is necessary
to continuously control the sources of
production, which is complex when the
number of sources is large and when
many of them are not controlled rate
production.
The use of new technologies of
transmission and information processing
and control system enables to deal with
these problems but of course greatly
increases the cost of distributed
electricity to consumers. Furthermore,
the implementation of the above in the
deregulated electricity market requires a
system of pricing and evaluation of
various techniques and capabilities,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
along with the operation of conventional
sources in order to achieve the best
outcome for consumers.
RAE examines these issues while
integrating the experience gained
internationally, taking into account the
directives of European Union and the
country's commitments to contribute as
fully as possible in developing an
operational framework of the Greek
electricity market. Already the issue of
linking large distributed generation from
renewables in the network is a major
chapter of Code Network, which
developed by the RAE in collaboration
with the Network Manager. There will be
dealt with connectivity issues, operation
and pricing of this production.
Equally important prerequisites for the
development of renewable energy is the
appropriate spatial arrangements, which
together with the information society will
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
lead to the favorable acceptance of RES
from the public, as well as creating the
necessary infrastructure to connect to
the system. On these infrastructures,
RAE prepares draft law to recommend to
the Minister for Development and the
expropriation process for the
manufacture of high-voltage grids. The
predictions of this law will ensure rapid
acceleration of the expropriation process
that projects a large network of national
importance, such as renewable energy
in Evia, a large network project for
Eastern Macedonia and Thrace, but also
works on the islands can be made in
much shorter period than that calculated
by the PPC at the moment. Finally, the
RAE and exploited the relevant
provisions of the Code Administration
has standardized and has given
appropriate instructions to HTSO the
procedural manner in which will be
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
financed and the projects expansion
engyodotithoun network of high voltage
needed for renewables. In conclusion,
the effects of RAE times are as follows:
1. Positive opinion for MASM (5-year
development program of high voltage
system) proposed by HTSO an
obligation of the PPC. The new MASM
included for the first time in a special
project of Thrace, the project Euboea,
Laconia and other connection works
RES.
2. Notice the positive opinions of the
RAE for production licenses in South
Evia, Andros and Tinos
3. Presentation of draft law on
expropriation of large high-voltage
networks of national importance
4. Complete the process of financing
and providing guarantees to investors
ANA to commence as soon as the
systems work Euboea and Thrace (the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
work of Laconia and other RES projects
are simpler).
5. Complete cooperation with Ministry
and Regions to address the land
question on the wind of southern
Laconia and Attica
6. Monitoring the progress of RES
projects in accordance with the quarterly
report cards, and clearing the registry
from projects that are either abandoned
or unduly delay the responsibility of
investors (the objective is not a
commitment positions by investors who
are not going projects)
7. Depending on the programming of
each non-interconnected island notice
the extra power available for renewable
energy in the coming years
8. In cooperation with the initiative of
ELFORES, complete proposal for the
exploitation of geothermal energy
9. Proposal for development of hybrid
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
systems in large islands
10. Proposal for further simplification of
the licensing process
11. Specific studies
Green certificate system
Distribution Network and Distributed
large-scale production
FREE INSTALLATION, capital -
NATIONAL TAX LEGISLATION - TAX
INHERITANCE
22/11/2007

Judgement of October 25, 2007. These


differences in non-exemption from
inheritance tax in different regions of a
Member State. Free installation, capital.
"Articles 43 and 56 EC - National tax
legislation - Inheritance tax - Family
Company - Exemption - Conditions -
Employment of a number of employees
in State Region In Case C464/05,
REFERENCE for a preliminary ruling
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
under Article 234 EC.
Decision: The request for a preliminary
ruling concerns the interpretation of
Articles 43 and 56 EC on freedom of
establishment and free movement of
capital, respectively. The request made
in proceedings relating to the refusal to
grant relief to heirs from inheritance tax.
Absence of any legitimate justification,
Article 43 prohibits the relevant
inheritance precludes legislation
whereby the intended for family business
exemption that is not available to
undertakings which, in the three before
the death of the testator years At least
five workers employed in another
Member State, but with whether workers
employed in the region of the former
State
Less than PROSDOKION THE
RESULTS OF INVESTMENT IN
ENERGY
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

The results so far investment in energy


is much lower than initial expectations
stated by the President of ACCI, Mr.
Michalos, a conference co-organized the
ACCI and PPC on "the current status
and future of the electricity market in
Greece." "Despite the strong motivation
and interest was in principle on the part
of investors, private sector participation
in power generation is still not
commensurate with the possibilities
offered by the institutional framework.
The power generated by private units far
less important than the license
applications that were originally filed.
While there were also cases where,
although permission was not gone the
investment. On the issue of energy from
renewables and solar, the initial burst of
investment interest, has subsequently
been stalled because of delays in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
issuing "said Mr. Michael. Despite its
small size, the Greek market has great
potential, due to its geographic location
and major international energy
agreements and projects run in parallel.
Creating alliances with forces of the
European market and the outgoing
direction, coupled with improving the
institutional environment may be key to
the dynamic development of the
electricity market in our country, he
completed his speech, Mr. Michalos. The
contrast of the Energy Regulatory
Authority in the Ministry of Development
to exclude coal from the country's
energy mix made by the Authority's vice
Mr. T. Panagos from the step above
workshop. The chairman and CEO of
DEI, Mr. P. Athanasopoulos said that
DEI is trying to cut costs to remain
competitive to the market and what
would be a balanced development of the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
energy sector with clearly defined and
mutually acceptable terms for all
involved . Secretary for Development
Mrs J. Bougas noted that the
government is not satisfied with the
penetration of renewables to the grid,
said it would focus on informing local
communities. The Secretary of the
Ministry of Development Mr.
Moussouroulis noted that companies are
complicit in mistakes made so far and
emphasized that by 2013 we must
achieve a proper functioning of the
energy market "because then the errors
will find ahead. The President of the
Hellenic Transmission System Operator,
PhD. Ev. Lekatsa, stated that the deficit
our energy system, which usually
requires a load of 7500 megawatts, but a
few hours per year require 10,000
megawatts, which means that we need
backup power. Also, the need to link
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
wholesale and retail and the need for a
long-term business plan modern cash
hourly measurements. Finally, the
development plan for wind farms
Defines suitable areas in Evros, central
Greece and Peloponnese - Restrictions
on islands
Opens the way for investments in
renewable energy sources (RES) in
Greece, the establishment of the first
specific spatial context. The long-
awaited project, which was presented to
two-month consultation and will be
tabled in parliament in April, down three
places in the Evros, central Greece and
Peloponnese as the most suitable for the
creation of wind parks, and establishes
restrictions on the islands and tourist
areas . The special zoning for the RES
provides the guidelines that will
henceforth govern the siting renewable
energy facilities across the country • In
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
other words, where allowed and under
what conditions. More specifically, in line
with announced yesterday by Public
Works Minister Mr. Souflias, the most
favorable areas (Priority Areas Wind-
smear) in the country for wind farms are
threefold:
- Northern Greece (Evros county
departments and Rodopi) which can be
installed 480 turbines (960 MW).
- Central Greece (parts of counties
Karditsa Aitoloakarnania Evritania,
Fokida, Fthiotida, Viotia and Evia), which
can be installed 1619 wind turbines
(3.238 MW).
- The southern Peloponnese (Lakonia
county departments and Arcadia), which
can be installed 438 turbines (876 MW).
Also, in Attica, identified limited areas of
establishment of 50 wind turbines
(Pastras parts, bumpers, Lafreotikou
Olympus Merentas). According to the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
special development plan for renewables
prohibited the creation of wind parks
monuments, areas of absolute protection
of nature areas Natura 2000, in the heart
of national parks within the project cities
and villages before 1923 or 2000
inhabitants, informally shaped unzoned
residential or tourist areas, beaches
valuable in rural areas of high
productivity and quarrying areas.
Allowed their location in areas of
protection of birds, after special study
and should be kept minimal distance
from settlements, roads and electricity
network. There are also restrictions on
the maximum density of wind turbines in
the park: in the municipalities covered by
smear and Attica should not exceed 8%
of the area of the municipality (ie 1
turbine per square km). In all the
inhabited islands can not exceed 4% of
each municipality (1 wind. 2 per square
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
km). Especially on the islands is also
necessary to amend the Housing Control
Zones (EEZs) Tinos, Samos, Mykonos,
Paros and Sifnos. Also allowed under
certain conditions the location of wind
farms in the sea and uninhabited
islands.
Finally, the zoning for RES include rules
for the siting of small hydro, solar parks
and facilities to exploit energy from
biomass or biogas. Guidelines and rules
of the specific land-use plan must be
followed by the already established
regional spatial planning, GIS and
Master Plan • Mr. Souflias even
"threatened" that municipalities will not
accept objections from anyone.
The history of planning
The only Western country without
planning is still in Greece. The first law
on spatial planning was introduced in
1976 but never implemented and quickly
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
waned. The 1999 legislation was Law
2742/99, which provided three types of
planning frameworks, national (country
wide), regional and specific (by sector)
planning. Under the Act, instituted in
2003, twelve regional planning
frameworks (but ended ... wishful
thinking) and the only specific spatial
context, relating to prisons. The special
development plan for renewable sources
is the first of five spatially expected to
occur in coming months: post hoc
projects for tourism, industry and the
coastal and mountainous area, and the
national development plan. The land for
renewable energy will enter into
consultation for 2 months in April and is
expected to reach the House for a vote.
So far, the siting of wind farms was the
environmental licensing procedures as
appropriate.
THE LEGAL STATUS OF RENEWABLE
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
ELECTRICITY I. PRIOR NOTICE
Generating electricity from renewable
energy sources (RES)
in particular on wind energy is a
relatively recent phenomenon in Greece.
In legal terms, moreover, first adopted
similar legislation, so enpollois
integrated for the first time by Law
2244/1994. The legal regulation of RES,
in fact, followed, as often happens with
provisions relating to emerging issues,
important gaps and inconsistencies.
During However, the ten years that
followed made remarkable progress.
Specifically, the legislative framework
gradually became fuller and more
effective. For this development have the
following main factors: a) awareness of
state power that the current energy
balance of the country, which relies
almost exclusively on the use of lignite
and oil, a brake on economic growth,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
while while increasingly degrade the
natural environment. b) The emergence
and strengthening of the regulatory
scope of the constitutional principles of
sustainability and sustainable
development, which require wider use of
RES Note, moreover, that the principle
of sustainability is already explicitly
included in
constitution (Article 24 Fri the 1st para. b
Inst.). c) The trend of liberalization of
power and the repeal of the state
monopoly in this field. d) The adoption of
EU and international law, which require
immediate action to reduce
environmentally damaging carbon
dioxide emissions and other factors are
responsible for global warming. In this
record, moreover, the significant
development of international instruments
referred to the need to limit the first
modern harmful to the natural
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
environment, energy (oil, lignite, nuclear)
and then u949 expansion of the use of
RES
The aim of this study is to document the
legal framework for RES, and the
emergence of any deficiencies. Was
thus the first coherent national
constitutional and legislative framework.
Then approached the basic provisions of
Community law and international
regulations address these issues. In the
next chapter also discusses the case of
STE for RES The law is the highest
administrative court in the country
proved, as we shall see below, lead to a
common factor in the legislature. Finally,
the study concludes with the findings
from the description of this legal
framework.

II THE LEGAL SYSTEM A. THE


ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
NATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
1. The constitutional framework
The Constitution does not, of course,
rules that relate directly to energy
production. However, it contains
provisions relating to the RES As
already noted above, Article 24 Fri the
1st Inst. explicitly enshrines the principle
of sustainability. Under so, this provision
"Protecting the natural and cultural
environment is an obligation of the State
and the right of everyone. For the
preservation of the state has an
obligation to adopt special preventive or
repressive measures under the principle
of sustainability.
In this it is clear that this fundamental
principle of "environmental constitution"
1, since it extends the obligation to
ensure the environmental capital and
prevent the depletion of environmental
agathon2, perfectly in line with
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
profitability and, indeed, to the greatest
extent possible, the D . OQ In this
context, in particular, the joint legislature
has an obligation to take measures for
the wider use of RES, which leads to a
corresponding decrease in participation
1 For the concept of "environmental
constitution" see C. Papadimitriou,
Environmental Constitution. Building,
contents and operation, Law and Nature,
vol 1 (1994), p. 375 ff 2 See A.
Papaconstantinou, Observations on STE
Olom. 613/2002, EDDDD 2002, p. 580
ff, where further relevant literature.
polluting energy sources in total energy
balance of the country. Moreover, the
joint legislature can not abolish or
reduce arbitrary legislative regime for the
development and expansion of RES as
alternative forms of energy production.
The latter approach is consistent,
moreover, clearly with the theory of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
"environmental acquis, in which,
moreover, is a part.
The recovery, therefore, RES, since a
form of protection (or, more accurately,
to limit damage to) the environment is a
component of the principle of
sustainability. In this respect, greater use
of RES constitutes the public interest
owed by the state power to pursue. The
ratio of public interest, it is also possible
to justify restrictions on individual
freedom, while at the same time the
nature of a 'public interest', which makes
it permissible expropriation of property,
as defined in Article 17 Inst. Note further
that the principle of sustainability set out
in Article 24 Fri the 1st Inst. shaping the
regulatory framework within which
conducted the relevant legislative and
administrative and value weights in
cases where the use of RES conflict with
some environmental goods, such as the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
protection of forest and visual resources.
It is thus clear that the outcome of this
"endoperivallontikis" conflict requires
specific number of Value stathmiseon3
with basic reference to the principle of
aeiforias4.
2. The legislative framework
i. The provisions of Law 2244/1994
As already noted above, by Law
2244/1994 (GG 168 A) are introduced
for the first time actually special
arrangements for holding A.P.E.5 That
way, Article 3 paragraph 1 of this law
provided that "The establishment or
extension of power requires an
authorization granted by the Minister of
Industry, Energy and Technology, at the
request of
concerned. Not, however, in accordance
with paragraph 3 of this article subject to
authorization of establishment power
stations to power up to 20 KW, and the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
auxiliary power stations up to 150 KW.
Moreover, the same provision states that
"wind and solar production
3 Where is, moreover, the conclusions
with regard to the conflicts in the
principle of sustainable development.
This latter principle means that the
socioeconomic
development is in harmony with the
environment (see A. Papaconstantinou,
Observations on Olom STE. 613/2002,
cited above, especially p. 588 et seq.)
The socio-economic development, thus,
achieved through the use of RES must
not contradict tinypochreosi the state to
protect the environment. In this case,
however, as already simeiothike above,
the use of RES basically goes along with
environmental protection.
4 The weights are penetrating criteria
derived from the principle of
analogikotitasElenchetai so, for
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
example, the size of the destruction of
forest or visual resources are destroyed
in the construction of RES exploitation
(Eg wind farms). The balance in this
case is related firstly to the extent and
magnitude of the destruction of certain
environmental goods, on the other the
benefit of the holistic environmental
balance, the use of RES The leadership,
therefore, of one or the other solution is
the result in concreto balancing of
interests. 5 They were preceded,
however, the provisions of Law
1559/1985, which, however, regarding
the
production of electricity using RES
applied to any large extent abolished
and the provisions of Law 2244/1994.
Noted that Article 3 paragraph 2 of Law
1559/1985 is acknowledged that 'auto'
electricity using wind, geothermal or
solar energy and biomass energy or the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
sea.
power means only electromechanical
facilities.
Paragraph 5 of that Article also provides
that "The operation of power stations for
which licensed facility is required and
authorized. The license is granted by the
Minister of Industry, Energy and
Technology, at the request of the
interested and control by the competent
departments of the Ministry of Industry,
Energy and Technology to meet the
conditions of establishment and
operation of power plants. If the station
is linked to the PPC networks, the
operation is prohibited by the award of
the contract. " Also, paragraph 6 of that
article states: "The license is granted for
ten (10) or more years and may be
renewed. With the authorization may
apply conditions and restrictions for the
safe operation of plants, protecting the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
health and lives of these workers and
the environment. On the transfer of
ownership of the plant, the new owner
acquires the rights and obligations of the
contract between the PPC and the
original licensee. The Minister for
Industry, Energy and Technology may
amend the operating license in the name
of the new owner of the unit.
Even with the paragraph 7 of Article 3 of
this law contemplated that the power
plants that are exempt under these
provisions from the obligation to supply
installation and operating permits with
the decision of the Prefect to exclude
from the exemption if Celex cause
adverse effects the environment or risk
to the workers in them.
Note, finally, that Article 4 of this law
provided for penalties for violating those
obligations. Under so, with these devices
in case of installation or operation of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
power plants without the necessary
permits or u945 breach of conditions and
restrictions imposed on these permits
producers fine ranging from 1,000,000.
DR to 50,000,000 drachmas, and
temporary or permanent shutdown of the
station. Provision is also made possible
shutdown of the station where a risk to
life and health of workers at the station,
security installations and the
environment.
ii. The No. D6/F1/OIK.8295/19.4.1995
the Minister of Industry, Energy and
Technology and the No.
D6/F1/OIK.8295/19.4.1995 the Minister
of Industry, Energy and Technology (The
recovery, therefore, RES, since a form of
protection (or, more accurately, to limit
damage to) the environment is a
component of the principle of
sustainability. In this respect, greater use
of RES constitutes the public interest
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
owed by the state power to pursue. The
ratio of public interest, it is also possible
to justify restrictions on individual
freedom, while at the same time the
nature of a 'public interest', which makes
it permissible expropriation of property,
as defined in Article 17 Inst. Note further
that the principle of sustainability set out
in Article 24 Fri the 1st Inst. shaping the
regulatory framework within which
conducted the relevant legislative and
administrative and value weights in
cases where the use of RES conflict with
some environmental goods, such as the
protection of forest and visual resources.
It is thus clear that the outcome of this
"endoperivallontikis" conflict requires
specific number of Value stathmiseon3
with basic reference to the principle of
aeiforias4.
2. The legislative framework
i. The provisions of Law 2244/1994
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
As already noted above, by Law
2244/1994 (GG 168 A) are introduced
for the first time actually special
arrangements for holding A.P.E.5 That
way, Article 3 paragraph 1 of this law
provided that "The establishment or
extension of power requires an
authorization granted by the Minister of
Industry, Energy and Technology, at the
request of
concerned. Not, however, in accordance
with paragraph 3 of this article subject to
authorization of establishment power
stations to power up to 20 KW, and the
auxiliary power stations up to 150 KW.
Moreover, the same provision states that
"wind and solar production
3 Where is, moreover, the conclusions
with regard to the conflicts in the
principle of sustainable development.
This latter principle means that the
socioeconomic
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
development is in harmony with the
environment (see A. Papaconstantinou,
Observations on Olom STE. 613/2002,
cited above, especially p. 588 et seq.)
The socio-economic development, thus,
achieved through the use of RES must
not contradict tinypochreosi the state to
protect the environment. In this case,
however, as already simeiothike above,
the use of RES basically goes along with
environmental protection.
4 The weights are penetrating criteria
derived from the principle of
analogikotitasElenchetai so, for
example, the size of the destruction of
forest or visual resources are destroyed
in the construction of RES exploitation
(Eg wind farms). The balance in this
case is related firstly to the extent and
magnitude of the destruction of certain
environmental goods, on the other the
benefit of the holistic environmental
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
balance, the use of RES The leadership,
therefore, of one or the other solution is
the result in concreto balancing of
interests. 5 They were preceded,
however, the provisions of Law
1559/1985, which, however, regarding
the
production of electricity using RES
applied to any large extent abolished
and the provisions of Law 2244/1994.
Noted that Article 3 paragraph 2 of Law
1559/1985 is acknowledged that 'auto'
electricity using wind, geothermal or
solar energy and biomass energy or the
sea.
power means only electromechanical
facilities.
Paragraph 5 of that Article also provides
that "The operation of power stations for
which licensed facility is required and
authorized. The license is granted by the
Minister of Industry, Energy and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Technology, at the request of the
interested and control by the competent
departments of the Ministry of Industry,
Energy and Technology to meet the
conditions of establishment and
operation of power plants. If the station
is linked to the PPC networks, the
operation is prohibited by the award of
the contract. " Also, paragraph 6 of that
article states: "The license is granted for
ten (10) or more years and may be
renewed. With the authorization may
apply conditions and restrictions for the
safe operation of plants, protecting the
health and lives of these workers and
the environment. On the transfer of
ownership of the plant, the new owner
acquires the rights and obligations of the
contract between the PPC and the
original licensee. The Minister for
Industry, Energy and Technology may
amend the operating license in the name
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
of the new owner of the unit.
Even with the paragraph 7 of Article 3 of
this law contemplated that the power
plants that are exempt under these
provisions from the obligation to supply
installation and operating permits with
the decision of the Prefect to exclude
from the exemption if Celex cause
adverse effects the environment or risk
to the workers in them.
Note, finally, that Article 4 of this law
provided for penalties for violating those
obligations. Under so, with these devices
in case of installation or operation of
power plants without the necessary
permits or u945 breach of conditions and
restrictions imposed on these permits
producers fine ranging from 1,000,000.
DR to 50,000,000 drachmas, and
temporary or permanent shutdown of the
station. Provision is also made possible
shutdown of the station where a risk to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
life and health of workers at the station,
security installations and the
environment.
ii. The No. D6/F1/OIK.8295/19.4.1995
the Minister of Industry, Energy and
Technology and the No.
D6/F1/OIK.8295/19.4.1995 the Minister
of Industry, Energy and Technology
( Gazette B 385), first projected
procedures and documentation required
to issue permission to construct and
operate power plants, and other general
technical and financial terms of contracts
between producers and PPC, the
detailed formulation of tariffs and the
interconnection arrangements.
In particular, set the following documents
permit the installation of all types of
power plants, whatever kind of energy
raw material used:
"A. First stage preliminary examination
of the application ...
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
1. Request of the ...
2. The documentation required for
authorization from locating Tom Ministry
of Environment & Public Works (Public
Works) in accordance with the
applicable provisions (Article 8 of the
JMD 69269/5387 / 1990) (GG II 678).
Since the consultation was excluded
backup power generators, according to a
joint decision of the Ministers of
Environment, Physical Planning and
Public Works and Industry, Energy and
Technology No 95209/1994 (Official
Gazette B 871).
3. Technical report for the project
include:
a. A description of the essential technical
characteristics of power (power in KW or
MW, voltage)
b. the intended use of electricity (auto-
production, independent production,
secondary production),
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
c. A statement of intent or not
connecting the station with the networks
of the Public Power Corporation (PPC),
if it is auto power station not owned by
PPC ...
b. The second phase of registration of
establishment
1. Techno-economic study of the plant
station, which in
all cases, the sole exception of
emergency
generators, should at least include:
a) Technical description of the project
b) Energy Analysis
c) Cost of production of electricity and
d) Expected cost of installing ...

2. Legitimate proof of exclusive use of


land or
area of the plant by rem
right or obligation in ...
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
3. Especially in case of additional power
generation system
proof of legality of the facilities and
machine electricity consumption to be
associated with
the power plant. If backup power legally
certified copy of the license of the main
station or
evidence of the legality of drinking
establishments with
which will be connected.

4. The adoption of environmental


conditions in accordance with Articles 9
and 10
69269/5387/1990 JMD (Official Gazette
B 678). The type of study in
consultation location. By adopting this
excludes
backup power generators according to a
joint decision of
Ministers of the Environment, Physical
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Planning and Public Works and
Industry, Energy & Technology with No
95209/1994 (Official Gazette B '
871).
5. Study fire station approved by the
relevant
Fire Department, if required by the text.
6. Two affidavits award the first and
second commitment
study facility, the owner of the station
and the
scholar, respectively.
In Section B of that decree also
identified the
General terms and conditions of
establishment of plants
power as follows:
1. The settlement permit or extend for
two (2) years from the date of issue and
may be renewed for another year in
special cases only where the failure to
complete the necessary installation work
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
in the first two years due to justified
reasons beyond the will of the
beneficiary who are accompanying the
request for renewal
.

2. The overall penetration of installed


wind power and small hydroelectric
power plants connected to the
electricity network and independent
producers in isolated islands or
bonded together must not exceed
30% of the power peak of
maximum hourly demand (in MW)
for Last year during which no
official published data on the
PPC ...
4. Such permits establishment or
extension may set conditions and
restrictions to ensure the technical
integrity of design
station and the protection of
workers and the environment and
others that may be required to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
implement the existing
legislation .... " Given in that
Ministerial Decision included, in
addition, specific definitions of the
issuing facility for the wind power
plants. Specifically, these
provisions provide:
"A. Additional documents:
i) Topographic profile 1/5.000 scale
showing the land contours of
buildings and other facilities, the
distances between, and the use of
land within two hundred (200)
meters from the boundaries of the
land. ii) At a vertical section of each
type of turbine to be installed in
1:200 scale, in setting out the exact
dimensions of the underlying and
overlying soil movable and
immovable parts of the whole
installation.
iii) Certificate of approval of this
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
type of wind turbine (D / C) issued
by the Centre for Renewable
Energy Sources (CRES). CRES
gives a certificate after verification
of A / C or under certificate of
foreign institution recognized by the
competent authorities of the
country and acceptance of CRES.
Note further that the above
Ministerial Decision town include
special conditions and restrictions
for power plants using wind energy
or are installed inside or outside the
village.

Also, a license is provided with


tinApofasi the following documents:

1. Request of the ...


3. Joint declaration by the applicant
and the installation of mechanical
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
epivlepsantos track all projects
were in accordance with the
installation permit, the applicable
regulations and statutes and rules
of art and science.
4. Certificate of Fire Service
competent to take all necessary fire
safety measures in accordance
with its instructions.
5. Report of Autopsy relevant
central departments and the
Prefecture of Yvette with the
assistance of the competent Office
of Electricity, for making this
section referred to link the station
to the network last to satisfy exactly
the conditions and restrictions of
the license installation. If
differences are found then the
restrictions and conditions will
require a new approval of
environmental conditions where it
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
considered appropriate by the
competent department of the
Ministry before issuing any new
installation permit from the
department of Yvette.
6. Certificate from the competent
Service of the Ministry that FAs
overseas departments of
environmental conditions that have
been approved during the permit
phase of installation.
7. Affidavit of owner of the project
stating that he asked to supervise
the operation of the station into law
qualified engineer.
8. Affidavit of the engineer
supervising the operation of station
track accepts the award and will be
kept at the plant running conditions
and regulations on environmental
protection and safety and health of
workers at the station. 9. At
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
stations where independent
producers and plants associated
with the electricity network, a
certified copy of the agreement
between PPC and Producer as
defined in Article 2 of this decision
and an attestation by the
competent Office of Electricity have
completed construction of the
network connection of the station
Output to the electricity network
and other necessary facilities for
the Producer
making the above connections,
observe the requirements of
PPC ...
11. Especially the issue of
authorization set out in Article 3,
para. 7 of Law 2244/1994
submitted to the department
supporting paragraphs K a (3a, b),
IAB (2.3) of Article 1 of this
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
decision, supporting 1,2,3,4,7 and
8 this paragraph and location for
the consultation and approval of
environmental conditions specified
in 69269/5387/1990 JMD (Official
Gazette B 678) if needed. Finally,
the ministerial decision was made
following general terms and
restrictions of licenses: 1. The
authorization is granted for ten (10)
or more years and may be
renewed. For the renewal requires
the submission of supporting
paragraphs IIA (1, 5, 6, 9 and 10)
of Article 1 of this Decision.
2. With the authorization may apply
conditions and restrictions for the
safe operation of plants, protection
of life and health of workers in
these as well as environmental
protection and others that may be
required to implement the existing
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
legislation .... "
iii. The No. D6/F1/OIK.8860/1998
the Minister of Development No.
D6/F1/OIK.8860 (Official Gazette B
502) was amended by the Minister
of Development, also, the previous
No. D6 / F1/OIK.8295/19.4.1995
the Minister of Industry, Energy and
Technology. In particular, the
ministerial decision was later added
to the above ministerial decision of
1998 the following points in the
Ministerial Decision of 1995: "In
particular, in cases of power plants
using renewable energy sources,
installation or extension permit is
valid for two (2) years from the date
of issue, subject to renewal for two
(2) more years. If the request
renewal of a business or expanding
power plants using renewable
energy sources, the applicant shall
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
submit to the licensing authority
chronodiogramma implementation
of the installation work with a
detailed analysis of performance of
the installation work, a detailed
analysis of performance of relevant
tasks and activities that correspond
to defined phases, completing the
physical work which can be
confirmed on autopsy. Within
fifteen (15) calendar days from the
end of each quarter after the
issuance of the license renewal,
the applicant must submit reports
of physical progress of
implementation of the installation
works, on pain of revocation of the
authorization in case of
disagreement with the submitted
schedule, or not timely submission
of these reports ... In case of
establishment power plant using
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
renewable energy on public forest
land not included in Paragraph 2Ag
Article 13 of Law 1734/87, provided
that a decision on the approval
response. In this case, the
installation permit issued to an
applicant who has prior stinekdosi
all required documents.
iv. The provisions of Article 1 Fri
the 1st CASE. b Law 2647/1998
In Article 1 Fri the 1st CASE. b of
Law 2647/1998 (Official Gazette
A 237/22.10.1998) transferred laid
down in Article 3 of
Law 2244/1994 powers of the
Minister of Industry, Energy and
Technology (now Development),
for granting permission to construct

and operation, extensions and


renewals of stations
power using RES the Regions. By
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the same
provisions were transferred also to
the regions powers
Minister for the imposition of
sanctions under
Article 4 of Law 2244/1994.
v. The provisions of Law 2773/1999

With Law 2773/1999 (Government


Gazette A 286) attempts to
regulate total
liberalizing the electricity market,
including
production from RES Specifically,
Article 2 of the Law
defined as "Producer of Renewable
Energy", the "
producer, which produces
electricity from Renewable Energy
Sources
Energy (RES).
Paragogi__________ also from
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
RES is "the power
Energy derived from: 1.
Exploitation of wind or solar
energy or biomass or biogas. 2 ...
5. Combination of these.
Under Article 3 of the Law, even,
an activity
power "under the supervision of the
State". According,
Moreover, in this article as long-
term energy planning
country aimed, inter alia: a) ... b)
the protection of
environment, within the
international obligations of the
country ..., d)
productivity and competitiveness of
national economy and
achieving a healthy competition to
reduce costs
energy for all users and
consumers. According to par.3
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
of this article even states that "for
the exercise
Activity Electricity prior
authorization,
issued by the Minister of
Development after consultation
the Energy Regulatory Authority.
According to paragraph 4 of this
article, moreover, the Minister
Development and RAE required in
the performance of related
powers aimed, inter alia, the
protection of
natural environment from the
effects of activities
electricity and meet all the
country's energy needs.
Note also that according to Article 9
of the Law
"The construction of production
facilities and power
energy enables all licensed
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
production
electricity or legally exempt from
it. The production license issued by
the Minister of Development at
opinion from RAE, according to the
terms and conditions
for in this Law and Regulation
Licensing.
Article 11 of this Law also regulates
issues
relating to the licensing power to
the non-
interconnected islands. In
particular, a condition for granting
the permission is in this case the
producer has achieved
a competition.
vi. The No. D6/F1/2000 decision of
the Minister u933
Development
In this Ministerial Decision
redefines the process
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
licensing of installing and operating
power plants
electricity using RES with the
provisions of the law
2244/1994 and 2773/1999. It deals,
in particular, the process
submission of the request and
supporting the
department concerned (Article 3),
the documentation required (Article

4-5), the process of environmental


licensing (Article 8), conditions
for the establishment or expansion
of these plants (10-12) and
The procedure for obtaining
authorization (Articles 14-18).
Note finally that minor changes and
corrections
these provisions have been made
in the newer No.
D6/F1/10200/05.07.2002 decision
ΠΑ
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of the Minister of Development.
vii. The provisions of Law
2941/2001
3. The provisions of Article 2 of Law
2941/2001 (Official Gazette A201)
seeks to simplify procedures for licensing
RES As, indeed, refers to the Explanatory
Report of the Law
that "it is known that a broad penetration of
renewable
energy sources (RES) in energy balance in
the country
international commitments to protect the
environment and
particularly greenhouse gases. While it is
necessary
security of energy supply [that] does not
depend on
dollar rates and oil prices.
Note that Article 2 of Law 2941/2001
seek to fill gaps in the relevant regulatory
framework. The
shortcomings, indeed, which focused mainly
on the
installation and operation of power plants
using
RES in forests or woodlands, caused
considerable difficulties
the expansion of RES, and led, as will be
explained below,
a cancellation of the STE Licensing of
decisions
producing electricity using wind energy.
Specifically, § 1 shall be replaced in the
second sentence of paragraph 3
Article 45 of Law 998/1979 (on protection of
forests and
overall forest area of the country,
Government Gazette A 289) so that
ΠΑ
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allow the exclusion of the construction and
installation works u941
electricity from RES and the networks
connecting them
the system or network from the general
prohibition on changing the
destination public forests or woodlands, and
in those
projects or the creation of permanent
facilities.
Moreover, the provision of Article 58 Fri,
the 2nd para. A No. 998/1979
replaced as follows: "For the infrastructure
and
installation of electricity, including the
networks linking electricity generation
projects from renewable sources
energy with the system or network of Article
2 of Law 2773/1999 and
attendants works and the transmission and
distribution
Gas and oil products in the forests or forest
Areas subject to the approval of the Minister
of Agriculture.
By the same provisions, moreover, add new
paragraphs numbered 3
and 4 of Article 58 of Law 998/1979, which
fit with
retrospective, indeed, power, infrastructure
of paragraph 2 of Article
and that of RES power plants and
accompanying
these projects. While out with them that
adoption
Minister of Agriculture for the installation of
these facilities
in forest area "is equivalent to legal title to
land use, which
transcribed legitimate ", while this right is
defined as
return if it is public land, single
1% of the project's budget or on the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
objective
value of the property if the amount is greater.
Moreover, complementing the provisions of
Article 13 of Law 1734/1987
(Government Gazette A 189), so as to allow
adoption by
Development Ministers and Agriculture
concession decision
public land for the installation of power
stations
use of RES
Note, finally, that Article 2 of Law
2941/2001 amended
several provisions of Law 2244/1994.
Specifically, these new
provisions for the following:
a) power plants using RES may
installed and operated on land or in a place
whose
has exclusive use of the applicant, and in
forests or woodlands
under the terms of Fri 1-5 of Article 2 of
Law Celex.
b) The installation of wind turbines does not
require a
planning permission, but approval by the
relevant planning
service. Instead, a building permit in order to
construction, as the foundations of the
towers of wind turbines, the
buildings housing the control equipment and
transformers.
c) electricity generation from RES subject to
the provisions
Plant Article 4 of Presidential Decree of
24.05.1985 / year
(GG D 270), except for urban construction
project. It is, indeed,
possible exception, by decisions of the
Ministers of Public Works and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
where the competent minister, by the
provisions of Presidential
Decree on conditions and restrictions
domiseos,
to construct facilities for holding RES
d) For the issuance of building permits
construction or money
Installation RES does not require approval of
Football Clubs,
unless the facility is expected to be in a
traditional village, or
an area of great natural beauty, protected on
the
urban development by special decrees.
e) Those entitled permits establishment of
power stations
using RES were given within forests or
woodlands,
subject to the requirements of Articles 45
and 58 of Law
998/1979, as amended by that Act.
f) A possibility of the license holder
installation
building projects connecting power plants
RES
g) characterized the projects generating
electricity from
RES as public interest and the possibility
expropriation of property for the
implementation of these projects.
a) provides that relevant decisions prior
authorization and siting
approval of environmental impact
assessment issued by
requests and forwarded to relevant
departments of the Authority
has responsibility for issuing the license
installation.
i) A legislative authorization to issue
common
decision of the Ministers of Development
and Public Works to determine
ΠΑ
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criteria, terms and conditions for
environmental permits
plant operating RES Please note that under
this legislative mandate was issued JMD
1726/18.04.2003.
j) The location of facilities RES within
protected
areas is, until a Special Framework for
Spatial
Planning and Sustainable Development for
the RES after
opinion of the Directorate of Planning and
Public Works. Especially for
Attica that chorothetisi done by the issuance
of such
Special Framework for Spatial Planning and
Sustainable Development
for RES, after public opinion O.R.S.A. and
CRES
viii. The provisions of Law 3175/2003
With, in addition, Law 3175/2003
(Government Gazette A 207),
amended provisions of Law 2773/1999
regarding the arrangements
the law concerning the electricity market.
ix. The JMD 1726/18.04.2003
The provisions of 1726/18.04.2003 JMD
(Official Gazette B 552) addresses the
procedure for the preliminary environmental
assessment and
evaluation, approval of environmental
conditions and approval
Intervention or concession forest or forest
land under
permit installation of power stations using
RES Specifically, define the relevant
licensing services
and the advisory services that are involved in
this
procedure (Articles 2-4). Also, for the
objects
those opinions (Article 5), the procedure for
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
issuing approval
Intervention (Article 6), the time within
which to
operate these departments (Article 7), and
contents of the folder (Article 8). Finally,
given the
enable wind farm owners to change to
15% power and wind turbines to
anachorothetisoun without
require modification of environmental
conditions or license
establishment (Article 9).
From the above description of the legal
status of channels
power using RES that this national
framework comprises a bundle of individual
provisions that apply to the extent that the
younger of them do not
amending or repealing it. Generally,
however, the base current
legislative framework that governs those
plants containing the
provisions of Law 2941/2001, which make
possible the legal
installation and operation in forests and
woodlands of
Making senior minister of the Ministry of
Development for the years
2000 and 2002, the process for issuing
permits
installation and operation of the JMD of the
year 2003
regulate the procedure for the preliminary
environmental assessment and
environmental assessment and approval
procedures for granting
establishment and the general provisions of
Law 2773/1999,
concerning the electricity market.
B DIRECTIVE 2001/77/EC OF THE
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
AND OF THE COUNCIL
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Directive 2001/77/EC of the European
Parliament and the Council of 27 September
2001, down by Community law provisions
on the promotion of electricity produced
from RES the internal electricity market. As,
indeed, mentioned in the preamble of the
directive "The Community recognizes the
need to promote renewable energy as a
priority measure given that their exploitation
contributes to environmental protection and
sustainable development. Moreover, this can
also create local employment, have a
positive impact in society cohesion,
contribute to security of supply and to
accelerate achievement of the objectives of
Kyoto. Please note, however, the preamble
to the directive that "it is too early to decide
on a Community-wide framework regarding
support schemes, the limited experience with
national schemes and the current relatively
low share of the Community of electricity
produced renewable energy, which is
subsidized. Moreover, in accordance with
Article 3 of the Directive "Member States
shall take appropriate measures to promote
greater consumption of electricity produced
from renewable energy sources
The TCG has begun an effort everyday to
inform members. This information is the
main source of action of TBT and other
bodies of Engineers, the printed and
electronic media, general activities relating
to engineers. This effort is not the official
position of the TEE. Presents views which
may be compatible or in conflict or
indifference in relation to the positions of the
TEE. The information presented and through
the website of the TEE. Been sent by email
to members of the Delegation of TEE in the
Regional Departments, sectoral and
collective labor, engineers who have
expressed an interest. REQUEST: If you
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
are not interested in receiving e-mail,
alerted us if you have any suggestions
please let us know (Office of
Professional Affairs, tel 210 3245936,
fax 210 3226185, e-mail
anni@central.tee.gr).
Greece has finally acquired the spatial
plan
The breakout of investments in various
key sectors of the economy and cleanup
activities throughout the country, is
expected to lead to the
institutionalization of planning. H will
follow, he said the minister, within the
next three months with the completion of
special planning projects for industry,
tourism, coastal and mountainous area
and end with the presentation of the
National Spatial Planning Charter, which
will incorporate all the individual terms
and conditions.
Etsi attempted to enter an order in the
chaotic economic and residential activity
and a definite end to the phenomena of
legal entanglements, bureaucracy and
opacity, which create an environment of
insecurity for potential investments, and
many problems continue to cause
today's economy and development of
the country which is the only country in
the EE with no planning.
With planning, is expected to clarify the
land across the country, and therefore
unblocked investment in all sectors of
the economy and everyone knows now
what to do, where and how.
O PEXODE minister believes that in fact
the planning is the largest project at this
time, as no other work can not work
development, but to clear up the land.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The difficult course, will be overcome
and all the reactions to be expected
during the consultation phase of local
bodies and the mechanisms that exploit
the chaos.
With the presentation yesterday, the
specific spatial framework for
renewables, George Souflias spoke of
"one of the most important days of his
tenure at YPEXODE" and emphasized
that "comprehensive planning is key to
integrated and sustainable country's
development. It constitutes therefore a
huge failure incurred over time, all the
Greek governments, the fact that for
decades we could not get it. "
Responses
Reactions from PASOK led yesterday's
release of a specific spatial framework
for Ananeosimes Energy Sources. In the
statement of A. Loverdos and S.
Spiliopoulou, stressed that the
presentation "was delayed 3 years and
given that the Government ND received
eleven approved regional spatial plans
which related and renewable energy.
Further notes that "according to the pace
of government, all referred for after the
elections" and pointed out that the
minister promised that the development
plan and the rest will be ready by In May
of 2006.
O Mr. Souflias said that PASOK has
"enormous responsibilities that the
country lacks planning" and accused Mr
Loverdos for "utter ignorance,
misstatements and cheap quotes. O
argued that the 13 regional projects
related to spatial and Ananeosimes
Energy Sources (ANA) is unacceptable
and shows or ignorance on the subject
or deliberate attempt to distort reality.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Mploko Lack of investment planning
environment creates uncertainty for
potential investment.
Land-use land use map is expected to
unlock the land across the country, and
therefore unblocked investment in all
sectors.
KEY POINTS SYNENTEFXIS
MINISTER Public Works Mr. George
Souflias Show Special Spatial
Framework for Renewable Energy
Sources (RES)
Today I think is the most important of my
term in Ministry. After several months of
persistent and systematic effort now
entering the final straight to our country,
finally after a delay of several decades to
obtain for the first time planning and
even complete. We begin, therefore,
today the presentation of the Special
Spatial Framework for Renewable
Energies and gradually in the next
quarter will be followed: the presentation
of the Land Use Plans for Tourism,
Industry and Coastal and Mountainous
Area and, finally, the presentation of
National Spatial Framework. The
integrated planning is undoubtedly a key
factor for the integrated and sustainable
development of the Greek territory. Is
therefore a huge omission charged over
time all the Greek government that for
decades we could not get it. For the
current leadership of the Ministry, the
establishment of integrated planning was
one of the most important strategic
priorities.
We went on steadily: we have the key
strategic goals we wanted to achieve,
we designed the specifications have
been each study, then the auction and
then worked in a systematic way with the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
designers so that the studies to be really
high. In this context, it was sought, inter
alia, cooperation with competent
ministries and agencies of the wider
public sector and the enhancement of
the timing of preparation of National
Strategic Reference Framework 2007-
2013. I would certainly start to point out
that the task of planning was extremely
complex. It is the first time attempted a
comprehensive and systematic training
of planning, without sufficient prior
experience nor the administration nor
the available design capacity of the
country. So I wonder, when for many
decades there was such a planning in
our country, just because it was a
difficult and complex task, how can you
complain about some delay of a few
months of planning we do? Importance
is the result. And that is that the current
government and the current political
leadership of the Ministry, Greece will
have finally integrated planning. Today,
public, therefore, the Special Planning
Framework for Renewable Energy and
begin the process of consultation with
ministries, institutions, regions and the
public in accordance with Directive
2001/42/EC. The consultation will take
place on both the content and in relation
to the estimated impact on the
environment. The process will culminate
in discussion at the National Council in
about two months, when the plan will be
approved by the competent
governmental body.
RES in Greece: concept, types, policy
objectives
As is known, the Renewable Energy
Sources (RES) is energy-friendly
environment and is a key component of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
sustainable development.
Renewable Energy Sources (RES) is a
non-fossil renewable energy sources
such as wind, solar energy, wave
energy, tidal energy, biomass, gases
released from landfills and sewage
treatment plants, the biogas, geothermal
and hydraulic energy utilized in
hydroelectric stations.
The development of renewable energy is
a key priority for the global society to
protect the environment and addressing
global warming. Indeed, the EU,
Directive 2001/77/EC has set a target by
2010, 22.1% of total electricity
consumption in the Community to come
from renewables.
Especially for Greece, the national
targets are the share of renewables in
gross electricity consumption in the
country should rise from 11% today to
20.1% by 2010 and 29% by 2020.
Furthermore, within the single EU policy
on the implementation of the Kyoto
Protocol has been ratified in our country
and in line with the Second National
Emission Reduction Plan, Greece has
accepted for the 2008-2012 obligation
limiting the growth emissions to + 25%
compared to 1990 emissions of certain
gases and 1995 for others, promoting,
among other things, the purpose and
use of renewable energy for electricity
and heat. The location of the project EIA
and the need to regulate them through
planning. Critical is the question of
where they live. That's because,
although the RES projects can be
classified first as operations
environmentally friendly, though they
have their effects. These effects vary
depending on the type of RES.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
To prevent, mitigate and prevent these
effects are particularly important and
immediate need to establish rules and
criteria for siting renewable energy
projects throughout the national territory.
So, protect the environment and
enhance the security of investment.
The need is indicated, too, and the
Council of State on recent decisions.
The purpose of the Special Framework
for RES
The purpose of the Special Framework for
RES are:
a. The location of policy-making RES
projects by category of activity and space,
based on available national data.
b. Establish criteria for site selection will
allow the creation of sustainable renewable
energy installations and their harmonious
integration into the natural and human
environment.
c. Establishing an effective mechanism for
siting renewable energy facilities, so that
corresponds to the objectives of national and
EU policies on energy and the environment.
With these aims, among other things,
provide a clear set of uniform rules and
criteria in the licensing authorities and
interested companies. Currently, different
agencies use different criteria for the
location. The result is confusion, costing the
environment, there are plenty of appeals and
delaying large investments green energy
production. These statements deal with the
rules and criteria we set, which is data and
can not be challenged by anyone.
Structure of the Special Framework
The Special Framework for RES consists of
28 articles, divided into chapters, which form
as many topics. In particular, the specific
context:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
1. Determine the objectives of the Special
Framework and scope, while also explaining
the key terms used in the text.
2. Established guidelines and criteria for the
siting of wind power, small hydro (M.YI.E.)
and other types of RES projects (facilities
operating solar, biomass or biogas and
geothermal energy).
3. The basic requirements for the
harmonization of the underlying spatial and
urban plans (regional context, general land
use plan (GIS), Design and Urban Spatial
Organization Open City (S.CH.O.O.A.P.)
etc.) in the directions of specific contexts.
Are there particular areas of deployment of
wind projects in some islands, which are
suitable for siting renewable energy projects
whose implementation stumbles in
institutional planning at local level
(Residential Zone Control (Z.O.E.), etc.).
4. Includes Action Plan, which measures,
actions and measures necessary for the
effective implementation of specific contexts
and institutions and sources of funding.
Summary of key provisions of the Special
Spatial Plan for RES
We now try to present briefly the main
provisions of the Special Framework for
RES. At the end of the interview, you will
distribute the study and a draft ministerial
decision will be given for consultation, so
everything you say to show detail.
I note that the presentation that you make,
and I emphasize I am referring to the
detailed wind power since this is the most
important and can be overwhelming to meet
the expected growth rate of output power in
our country RES-not including large
hydropower projects.
Estimated installed capacity of 2010 MW
Percentage contribution per type of RES
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
2010
Windfarms 3372 87%
Small hydro 364 9.4%
Biomass 103 2.7%
Geothermal 12 0.4%
PV 18 0.5%
Totals 3869 100%
1. Wind Energy
The wind potential of our country is very
important.
Given our wind potential and characteristics
of areas in the area of national distinction in
the following categories:
a. mainland and Evia
b. Attic
c. Residential Ionian, Aegean and Crete
d. offshore marine area and uninhabited
islets
Specifically:
a. On the mainland, which includes the
island of Evia the proximity and size.
Distinguish the areas into two categories:
Wind Priority Areas
Wind Suitability and Territories.
Specifically:
1. Priority Areas The Wind (smear) are areas
of the mainland with comparative
advantages for the installation of wind power
plants (an exploitable wind energy resources,
increasing demand for installation of wind
turbines, etc.) and suitable for achieving
planning objectives, such as a controlled
concentration of wind capacity. In these
regions determine the maximum capacity of
wind installations, and called "carrying
capacity". Figures from the study found three
main areas Priority Areas Wind (smear):
The smear 1 in northern Greece in the
prefectures of Evros and Rodopi, which
states that we can install 480 wind turbines
that typical 960 MW. (Typical wind "is one
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
that has a diameter of 85 m and wheel
generates power 2 MW.)
The smear 2 in central Greece,¬ the
prefectures of Karditsa, Aitoloakarnania
Evritania, Fokida, Fthiotida, Viotia and Evia,
which states that we can install 1619
standard wind is 3.238 MW.
The smear 3 in the Peloponnese,¬ in the
provinces of Lakonia and Arcadia, which
states that we can install 438 wind turbines
that typical 876 MW.
2. Wind Suitability Areas (CIP). CIP
respectively defined as groups or sub-regions
of first mainland local authorities and
individual positions that are not in smear but
a sufficient exploitable wind potential, and
offered the reason for the siting of wind
facilities.
In both these types of areas, criteria for each
wind plant siting example distance from
settlements, productive activities,
archaeological sites, nature protection areas
and the countryside, etc. For example in
World Heritage minimum distance of 3 km,
from 500 whether declared cultural
monuments, traditional settlements of 1500
meters, etc.
b. Attica, which is considered as a separate
category because of the metropolitan
character (high indices urbanization,
increased tensions and conflicts in land use).
In this region, identified broad areas of
entertainment and criteria for wind
installations. In particular, we predict that we
can install 50 wind standard is 100 MW,
which can be installed in areas of Pastras of
diapers, a part of Lafreotikou Olympus and
of the region Merentas are beyond the
control of the Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos
".
The main inhabited islands of the Ionian and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Aegean islands, including Crete. The wind
potential is very high, 14310 MW. Because,
however, special features, such as limited
extent, the strong tourist orientation, its
valuable natural and cultural environment,
there are tighter restrictions. For example,
states that the maximum permitted
concentrations at primary LA is twice as
high in smear than in the islands.
d. In the offshore marine area and the
uninhabited islets. Treated as a separate
category because of the specific
geomorphology and operation. So defined,
specific criteria such as location in relation
to shipping, how to install at sea, etc.
The rules for wind installations are:
According to the contents of the landscaping
project:
1. Defined areas of incompatibility /
exclusion within which prohibited the siting
of wind plants. These zones include the
conflicting uses and minimum distances that
must be met by wind facilities in specific
areas and activities (attach relevant tables).
Specifically, these areas relate to:
- Areas of environmental concern: areas of
absolute protection of nature, national parks
cores, priority habitats, valuable coastline
and beaches etc.
- Regions and cultural heritage:
archaeological sites, cultural monuments and
historical sites
- Residential Activities: villages, traditional
villages, isolated houses, etc.
- Network Infrastructure and Special Uses:
Roads, railways, telecommunications
networks
- Productive Activities: Tourism and
accommodation areas, agricultural land of
high productivity, aquaculture etc.
2. Distances made to ensure the functionality
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
and performance:
- Maximum distance from the road network,
ie 15 km areas and the CIP 20 km regions
smear
- Maximum distance from the transmission
of electricity as required by the PPC.
- Minimum distance from major points of
interference, preventing the exploitation of
wind: 7 times larger than the fixed
component of interference
- Minimum distances between them, it
depends on the provision of facilities, etc.
For example, 3 times the diameter of the
turbine wheel when deployed perpendicular
to the direction of the wind.
3. Sets maximum wind power densities at
primary OTA block area.
For example, areas may smear a wind
turbine for every 1,000 acres of the total
surface area of LA, CIP areas for each
turbine a 1600 acres and a wind turbine
islands for every 2000 acres.
4. Down by categories of space, rules of
integration of wind power plants in the
landscape.
2. Small Hydro Projects (MYIE) The use of
hydrodynamic, a national objective
because it is a renewable energy with
significant advantages such as low
environmental impact, high specific
power and ability to mix with other water
uses. In Greece we have a large number
of usable seats and the construction and
operation of small hydropower projects
(MYIE) can have significant contribution
to energy balance. A prerequisite is the
rational planning and design of the place
and your setup.
Therefore, through the planning of small
hydropower projects (MYIE) to:
a) the identification of exploitable water
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
bays with hydraulic recognized water
resources departments have significant
exploitable hydraulic potential (See
attached graph 2). Clarified, however,
that recognition is not a criterion for
exclusion zones in force.
b) To identify areas of incompatibility /
exclusion locating small hydropower
projects (MYIE). Specify the areas to be
excluded MYIE facility for environmental
protection, security and orderly operation
of the business. Eg archaeological sites,
areas of absolute protection, etc.
c) The carrying capacity of
watercourses. The estimated "carrying
capacity" of watercourses small
hydropower projects (MYIE), ie the
maximum installable MYIE works in the
same "line" being hydrodynamic. Siting
criteria established to ensure the
coexistence of both MYIE other uses
served by the same streams, such as
how water distribution and irrigation of
farmland, and also the maintenance of
Hydrobiological and ecological
characteristics watercourses.
d) In determining the criteria and rules
for inclusion of small hydropower
projects (MYIE) natural, cultural and
human environment of the area of
installation.
These areas use aquatic resources,
located mainly in hilly and mountainous
areas, where availability of water and
large height difference between the
place of abstraction and power plant for
the viability of MYIE.
High density of exploitable water
resources are the districts of Epirus,
Western Greece, Western Macedonia,
Eastern Macedonia and Thrace and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
western and northern Peloponnese,
which is evident and the corresponding
map. The map divided the 14 aqueous
compartments and the estimated
hydrodynamic amounting to 4363 MW.
O our goal is 2010, installed capacity of
small hydropower projects to ascend to
364 MW by around 60 MW that we have
today.
3. Other forms of renewable a. Solar
Energy
Apart from wind and hydropower,
wetlands, and other renewable energy
sources have room for exploitation by
major solar energy, which answers
everywhere.
This seems to have become aware and
as many people based on 2006 data, the
total surface area of the already installed
solar collectors, which are passive
system of exploitation of solar energy for
heating water in the residential sector in
Greece is estimated at 3 million m2. The
benefits are undeniable, but is small if
we stay only use such radiation. By
actively operating systems, solar energy
systems to process and photovoltaic
cells is converted into electricity, and
there is the advantage of easy location
of long life and low maintenance costs.
Within the specific context for
renewables, for instance can be
considered as priority areas for the siting
of installations of solar (photovoltaic
fields) the bare and arid areas with low
altitude, both the mainland and the
island nation, which is preferably
invisible from busy backgrounds and
connectivity to the distribution power of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
PPC. It may, however, solar energy is
everywhere, but that does not mean we
will allow the development of
photovoltaic anywhere. Hence in the
specific context, defined areas of
exclusion for such location, such as
regions Natura, the agricultural land of
high productivity, areas of absolute
protection of nature monuments of major
importance, etc.
b. Energy from biomass and biogas
For the exploitation of biomass and
biogas, are special areas close to farms
producing the raw material, sewage
treatment plants in agricultural and
livestock industries, etc. but there are
limits on minimum distances from
neighboring land uses.
c. Finally, geothermal energy, it is
obvious that installing such facilities
where there is geothermal field. Proven
the existence of such scope in Milos and
Nisyros and Lesbos in which licensed
power 8 MW.
Expected outcomes from the adoption
and implementation of the Special
Framework for RES
With the approval of the Special
Framework for RES achieved:
- Establish clear, single spaced and
analytical rules and criteria for each
category of RES projects.
Until now the lack of criteria lead to
swelling of the bureaucracy to hinder
investment in management and
arbitrary, in some cases, to
environmental degradation.
The existence of specific and clear rules
location will contribute:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
- To simplify and systematize the
conditions for siting renewable energy
projects, to enhance investment
certainty and to remove barriers and
bureaucracy.
- Limiting the field conciliation, the
resulting friction between management,
investors and others and speed up the
administrative procedures.
Unfortunately until now there was no
clear uniform rules so that the services
to apply different standards in making
decisions.
- In every investor to know what to do,
where and how.
- Protecting the environment, particularly
the most sensitive environmental areas
and harmonious "coexistence" with
residential and other productive
activities.
Densities, distances, and some other
location criteria will help in addition to
protecting the environment to streamline
the administrative procedures and to
avoid many of the problems that have
occurred so far.
- Especially for wind projects to
determine the carrying capacity of wind
Priority Areas and the introduction of
assessment methodology of 'saturation'
of the landscape by installing wind farms
will contribute to the harmonious
integration of wind farms on the
environment. So we serve the needs of
environmental protection and production
of green energy from renewables,
helping the main aim is sustainable
development.
- Information received from the Special
Framework of guidance to lower levels of
planning (regional context, GIS, etc
S.CH.O.O.A.P.) promote the integration
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
necessary to support the EIA regulations
in all underlying spatial and urban plans.
At this point I would stress that the
greenhouse at halftime global society
and is one of the most critical problems
of our planet. To address these
problems requires a systematic effort by
all at both globally and nationally. It is
imperative to reduce energy production
from fossil fuels and increased to the
highest possible level of green energy
production. For this reason, any barriers
to their development from the local
planning will not be permitted but will be
addressed centrally.
We must realize that each of us, that
they may require ever more energy is
produced from burning fossil elsewhere
(Ptolemais, Megalopolis) incurred on the
environment, to seek a cleaner
environment for himself and his children
and simultaneously react to any attempt
to produce any environmentally friendly
energy.
All these arrangements are supporting
the implementation of renewable energy
investment and responding to relevant
EU and national targets, promoting
rational location of the activity and safety
of investment, while contributing to
environmental protection and
implementing the principles of
sustainable management and
development.
In closing, I want to emphasize that
gives great emphasis on the consultation
process. This process, waiting to be
constructive and will help us extend and
improve further the development plan.
But I honestly believe that the work has
been very good and I would therefore
like to thank the officials of the Ministry,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
designers and consultants, CRES,
ministries, particularly the Ministry of
Development, and their representatives
cooperated with us. But I want
particularly to thank the Director of Mr.
Mavrona to lift the brunt of this effort.
As I said at the outset, the consultation
process will take about 2 months and in
April the Land Use Framework for EIA
will be approved by the competent
governmental body.
TABLE
Distances wind power from neighboring
land uses, activities and technical
infrastructure networks
A. Distances to ensure functionality
and efficiency of wind power
A. Maximum distance from any existing
highway land access any category -
installed power plant / less than 10
MWe: In the smears and Athens: 20 km
long walkway
- In other areas (CIP): 15 km regardless
of the installed capacity / unit
- On islands: 10 km regardless of the
installed capacity / unit
B. Maximum distance from the power
transmission high voltage (Y.T.) As
prescribed by the Hellenic Transmission
System Operator in terms of linking the
installation (high voltage) and the
Electricity (medium and low voltage)
C. Minimum Distance (A) from major
fixed elements of direct interference
(natural or anthropogenic) that prevent
the exploitation of wind 7 times the
height of the fixed component of direct
interference (A = 7xY)
D. Minimum distance (D) between the
wind turbines - By exploded
perpendicular to the dominant wind
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
direction: 3 times the diameter (d) of the
turbine wheel (A = 3d)
- With an exploded while the dominant
wind direction: 7 times the diameter (d)
of the turbine impeller (D = 7d)
B. Distances in areas of environmental
interest
Inconsistent use of Distance
establishment of incompatible use
Areas of absolute protection of the
nature of Article 19 Paragraph 1, 2
N.1650/86 (A160)
In accordance with the approved NRP or
the relevant PD (Article 21 of Law
1650/86) and the relevant Ministerial
Decision (No. 3044/02)
- Core of the National Parks, whether
declared monuments of nature, aesthetic
forests not included in the previous
paragraph.
- The habitats of priority areas of the
Territory that have joined the list of SCIs
NATURA 2000 network in accordance
with Council Decision 2006/613/EC (OJ
L 259, 21.9.2006, p. 1).

It is where in the process of approval of


the Environmental Conditions.
Remarkable coasts and beaches
(p.ch.ammodeis) 1000 m.
SPA bird areas (SPA) is considered as
appropriate in the EPO, following a
special ornithological study
C. Distances from places and items of
cultural heritage
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Inconsistent use of Distance
establishment of incompatible use
Registered in the List of World Heritage
and other major monuments,
archaeological sites and historical sites.
par 5. paragraph b of Article 50 of Law
3028/02 3,000 m
Absolute protection zone (Zone A) other
archeological sites A = 7d, where (d) the
diameter of the turbine wheel, at least
500 m.
Whether declared cultural monuments
and historical sites A = 7d, where (d) the
diameter of the turbine wheel, at least
500 m.
D. Distance from residential activities
Inconsistent use apostasi2 Minimum
installation of incompatible use
Cities and towns with population> 2000
inhabitants or settlements with a
population <2000 people classified as
dynamic, or tour or remarkable 1,000 m
from the limit of the village or town plan
where
Traditional villages 1500 m from the
village orio3
Other villages 500 m from the village
orio3
Organized layout A or B house
(P.E.R.PO., partnerships, etc.) or B
shaped areas of residence, as
recognized in the EIAS individual wind
farm installation 1000 m from the
boundaries of the project or the
modulated region, respectively.
Monasteries 500 meters from the
boundaries of the Abbey
Detached dwelling (existing legally)
Ensure a minimum noise level of less
than 45 db.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
In any case, to ensure minimum noise
levels above the residential activity less
than 45 db.
E. Distance from technical infrastructure
networks and special uses
Inconsistent use of Distance
establishment of incompatible use
Major roads, road competence of local
government and rail safety distance 1,5
d the limits of the zone expropriation of
the road or rail network, respectively
High voltage lines
Distance 1,5 d the limits on boundaries
crossing lines Y.T.
Telecommunications infrastructure
(antennas), RADAR In case after
consulting the competent body
Facilities or operations of air navigation
at the event after consulting the
competent body
F. Distance from facilities or areas of
productive activities
Inconsistent use of Distance
establishment of incompatible use
Agricultural land of high productivity
zones for land consolidation, land
irrigated security clearance 1,5 d
Aquaculture security clearance 1,5 d
Estaflismenis livestock units: Distance
Box 1,5 d
Quarrying areas and activities as defined
in legislation.
Operating surface mining - mining areas
and activities of 500 m.
Drinks and other areas of organized
development of productive activities in
the tertiary sector, theme parks, tourist
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
ports and other statutory or shaped
tourist areas (as identified in the EIA for
each plant). 1000 m from the boundaries
of the zone / area
Accommodation of medium and large
size, special tourist infrastructure, tourist
ports 1000 m from the boundaries of
Unit 4.
Other tourist accommodation and
facilities 500 m 4.
Welcome
Responsible: Prof. Dr. E.
Papapanagiotou
Students: Stephanie Barnabas
Andreas Georgiou
Polyzou Eugenia
CONTENTS
1. The Problem
7. Eligibility Criteria
2. Multicriteria Analysis
8. Suitability Zones
3. The Key Pads
9. Proposed Areas
4. Model Spatial Analysis
10. Results
5. Protection Criteria
11. Model Extensions
6. Exclusion Zones
The problem of this study is to find a
suitable site to install photovoltaic park
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
on the island of Lesbos. This area
therefore should be appropriate to the
geomorphological characteristics and
meet the various spatial criteria
established by the Ministry for
Renewable Energy Sources (RES).
Also, take into account the existing
legislation to protect various areas (eg
Natura, archaeological sites, etc.). Here
we will consider that the proposed area
meets the following minimum criteria:
Areas Natura: The proposed area should
be at least 200 m away from protected
areas Natura.
World Heritage Sites: be at least 3 km
away from them, in accordance with
existing laws.
Other Sites: Be at least 500 meters
away from archaeological sites.
Main Road Network: Be located 500 m
from it to avoid reflections from the
facility rather than 3 km in order to easily
access.
Total Road Network: The final relevant
areas proposed to be facing a total road
network in the vicinity of 3 km in order to
easily access.
Land use: Suitable sites are those
characterized by grassland, shrubs and
bare ground.
Residential Zone: For settlements with a
population of over 2,000 residents, the
areas proposed to be located 500
meters from the limits. For settlements
with a population less than 2000
inhabitants, located 250 meters from the
limits
Slope: The slope of the land proposed to
be 40 to 60 degrees. Since solar panels
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
will be installed on a horizontal basis.
Orientation Gradient: Be especially
South, South - East and South - West.
Elevation: The proposed area must be
below the average altitude of the area
(200 m).
For the purposes of this study, therefore,
followed the following steps:
1. Established a database containing a
map that shows the medium voltage
network of PPC and similar digital data
(eg settlements, land etc).
2. Was digitized map of PPC and
georeferenced maps with two EGSA
scale 1:100,000. Also enriching the data
base using the software ArcGis 9.1.
3. Maps were created to describe the
situation and of the exclusion zones and
health arising from the application of the
criteria.
4. We used a multi-criteria analysis and
synthesis of all the criteria for the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
appointment of the final proposed areas.

Flowchart.

Οικισμ οί

Ισοϋψείς Καμπύλες
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

Χρήσεις Γης

4. MODEL ANALYSIS CHORIKIS


Having identified the problem and the
required database (patches properly)
have essentially defined the criteria to be
satisfied by the solution and the form
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
should have different patches for the
application of analytical procedures
(Spatial Analysis).
Figure 2: Advanced Spatial Analysis
Procedure

5. PROTECTION CRITERIA
Under current law, there are areas within
which construction activities or any other
activities that may cause deterioration of
the natural and cultural environment is
strictly prohibited. So lopon identified the
following constraints:
Areas Natura: Created a patch to
establish a zone 200 m from the
boundaries of Natura including in the
same area as designated by the Ministry
in order not to allow the use of specific
zones for the installation of
photovoltaics.
World Heritage Sites: Created a patch to
establish a zone of 3 km from the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
boundaries of World Heritage sites
(referred to the Petrified Forest)
including in the same region. It is a large
area in the buffer zone would impose the
existing law and international
regulations.
Other Sites: The archaeological sites of
the island, mainly Eressos and Antissa
as the Byzantine Museum of the High, of
great archaeological interest. To satisfy
the above criterion was based on
legislation, a protection zone of 500 m of
line, which includes the same areas.
Protecting Settlement: Done
classification of settlements according to
population, because under the existing
legal framework for settlements where
the population exceeds 2000 people, the
location of photovoltaic bounded
distance beyond 500 m. For settlements
with a population of 2,000 people, the
proper distance is 250 m beyond the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
limits. These distances are intended to
prevent pollution from reflections of the
park in the settlements.
Term Road Network Protection Core:
Created a protection zone around 500 m
from the main road. The existing legal
framework has gaps, so that this area
was arbitrarily but according to those
applicable to the settlements, to avoid
possible reflections from the facility to
the highway.
6. EXCLUSION ZONES
To create exclusion zones should the
individual patches containing the
restricted areas for siting solar to
combine (join) between them. This
created a unique patch of exclusion, as
shown in Figure 3 below.
Figure 3: Building Exclusion Zone from
individual Dressings

Figure 1: Exclusion Zones The gray area


ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
is the area considered appropriate

PLOMARI AREA IS MORE


APPROPRIATE
7. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
The siting of solar systems, there must
be some specific geological features and
various economic and construction
criteria. So:
Fitness Network MV: To create a fitness
area around the grid, set a maximum
distance from the boundaries of the
network to 1 km. That is, what serves the
installation of photovoltaic, is within this
1 km. The distance was defined
considering that any activity beyond this
limit is uneconomical because it would
require construction of roads and
installation of power poles.
Adequacy of Total Road Network: The
road highway, including the main and
secondary roads on the island of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Lesbos. This created an area of health
from the limits of these roads up to a
distance of 3 km. This distance was
considered ideal, not to burden the
entire project with further economic costs
(construction of roads, etc.) and be
relatively easy accessibility to the park.
Appropriate land uses: The current land
uses are considered suitable for the
location of the photovoltaic park without
causing any deterioration of the natural
environment, are those in grassland,
shrub and arid land. From the available
patch of land uses, exeichthei a new pad
with appropriate uses.
Appropriate gradient: Another important
patch are appropriate gradient. It was
considered that the appropriate talents,
they give us the maximum desired
radiation and therefore maximum output
of photovoltaic, is between 40 - 60
degrees. Following the same theoretical
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
background, the slope is proposed to
install solar on a fixed horizontal base, is
that the latitude of the region. Since our
site is appropriate latitudes near 39
degrees, the selection gradients that we
do not deviate much and is quite
efficient.
Suitable Altitude: The altitude of the
appropriate patch has emerged from the
pad DEM, which is done by selecting the
appropriate heights. A suitable height for
the installation of the photovoltaic park
was that of 200 meters near ie an
average altitude of the island. This
criterion was because it was considered
to be ideal and might avoid potential
reflections from the ground.
Suitable Gradient Orientation: The
appropriate orientation gradients is a
necessary patch, established under the
theoretical background. So, according to
the literature, both for the northern
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
hemisphere, the appropriate stance of
photovoltaic modules with a fixed base is
the south. Therefore considered as
suitable oriented gradients: South,
South-East and South-West, for
maximum efficiency of photovoltaics with
constant horizontal basis. The patch of
suitable oriented gradients, resulting
from the processing of the suffix of
slopes that have created the Tin.
8. FITNESS ZONES
To create the patch of Soil Suitability
Zones, including the common areas of
individual patches, must be combined
patches shown below in Figure 4.
Figure 4: Creation Zone Suitability of
the individual patches

Map 2: Areas of Suitability

9. PROPOSED AREAS
So having to define exclusion zones and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
areas of suitability should identify
suitable sites for siting of photovoltaic
systems. To make this possible, have
the appropriate soils to remove parts
contained within the exclusion zones.
Figure 1: Proposed Establishment of
Regional

10. RESULTS
As seen from the maps below, the
appropriate areas for siting the plant, are
scattered throughout the island, most of
them located in the northeast and
southwest of the island. The maps that
follow show the final proposed sites
based on land use and occupation of
land. Watching them carefully, we see
that most proposed sites are covered
with grassland and a few bushes.
Regarding the area they occupy, we see
that most sites have an area of more
than 500 acres, which is positive
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
because the optimal performance of the
facility is directly related to surface area

. Recommended sites from land uses

Recommended sites from the Area


11. EXTENDING THE MODEL
Regarding this case, there is much room
for improvement with additional
enrichment criteria, so the decision to
include location and other parameters.
This will render the final outcome of the
study more credibility and validity, since
more parameters could be combined
together to give us the final proposed
charter. This could:
1. To widen the scope and perhaps the
number of proposed areas to become
accepted as an appropriate area of the
Petrified Forest. This is because the
entire acreage is barren and unused.
Thus, an unlikely happening will
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
increase the total area, while the energy
efficiency of the installation.
2. In addition, for the slope could not
enter any restriction, since the use of
appropriate technology, such as
turntables with sensors and not fixed,
not an obstacle.
3. Another criterion that could be
applied, the reflection from the proposed
facility. So by creating a tool that
calculates the reflection will help to
create criteria for limiting major roads,
settlements, accommodation etc., so
each time choosing the optimal distance.
Important tool, because the existing
legislation in this piece has many gaps.
Certainly, the use of many parameters is
usually unexpected results, the most
common finding was non-suitable areas.
Is where more sophisticated forms of
spatial analysis have the potential
emergence of an optimized solution
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
through statistical analysis (usually using
the criteria weights). Mpe.gr The deals
with environmental studies and
environmental impact assessments (EIA)

For projects and activities and a


presentation of my office in Internet.Stis
mpe.gr pages you will find information
on four pillars:
• The Office: Has the studies worked out
of the office, and mapping services that
we undertake.
• About EIA: Includes projects and
activities requiring EIA, the attachment
such that the authorities will approve the
project and the degree of perturbation to
the project.
• Areas: Has the protected areas of
nature protection legislation (National
Parks, Ramsar, Aesthetic Forests,
Wildlife Refuges, NATURA 2000) and
areas that are important (Important Bird
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Areas). We also include traditional
villages and archaeological sites. The
traditional settlements and
archaeological sites are of particular
importance to environmental studies.
• Environmental News: Contains
information on news related to the
environment from the daily press
So the mpe.gr addressed
sepicheirimaties that required for the
activity to perform environmental impact
studies and want to gain information.
This site is committed to monitor and
display changes in legislation, to always
show updated information on the ICM.
Tsolakis George - Environmentalist
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
REPORT OF RENEWAL RAE IMES
SOURCES Performing GEI A S (RES)
An updated report MAY 2 0 0 2
FEBRUARY 2003 ATHENA ENERGY
REGULATORY AUTHORITY,
UNIVERSITY 69 43 1 10 ATHENS TEL:
2 10 3 25 2 74 8, FAX: 2 10 3 25 5 46 0,
E-MAIL: info @ rae. gr, WEB: www. r a
e. g r
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRICITY
SYSTEM .................... 1
2. FORMS TECHNOLOGIES-RES ... 3
2.1. WIND ENERGY .......... 3
2.2. HYDROELECTRIC ENERGY ...... 3
2.3. SOLAR ENERGY ..................... 4
2.4. BIOMASS ........................... 4
2.5. GEOTHERMAL
ENERGY ............................... 5
2.6. KYPSELES
FUEL ................................................ ......
.5
ΠΑ
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3. COST OF PRODUCTION AND
GROWTH REQUIREMENTS OF RES ..
4. The development of RES in
Greece ................... 9
5. CURRENT SITUATION AND
PROSPECTS ...... 11
6. EFFECTS OF RAE: FINANCIAL
SUPPORT OF RES .. 18
7. EMERGENCY ISSUES ............ 21
ANNEX I: RESULTS OF PUBLIC
CONSULTATION OF THE RAE
FOR LICENSING OF ISLANDS IN
RES ....... 22
ANNEX II: DRAFT PROPOSAL FOR
LEGISLATIVE ARRANGEMENT
ISSUES hybrid plants
ILEKTROPARAGOGIS .. 23

Since early last century when they


began the applications of electricity until
the early 10 years of 70, there is an
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
ongoing international concentration of
production in ever larger "Power
Stations", while development of
transmission and distribution systems
with ever larger trends, such the rapid
growth of electricity demand, Sch 1. This
happened in our country to develop the
National System of Public Electricity
Power Corporation (PPC), which during
the period 1956-63 (about) purchased
approximately 300 electricity companies
supplying it to electricity with small local
networks. But in the wake of "oil shocks"
of 10-years old of 70, became
international awareness of the need for
better use of energy, first in order to
better exploit the energy resources
deployed and, secondly, to limit
environmental pollution. Then began an
international level to find alternative
energy sources to compensate for the
conventional sources like coal and oil,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
and nuclear energy, which of course has
known problems. Also started an effort
to save and generally better and more
efficient use of
energeias.Oi above factors contributed
decisively to the development first of
AnaneosimonPigon Energy (RES) and
then to the development of Combined
Heat and Power (CHP).
A key advantage of renewable energy
over conventional sources that are
renewed by nature and do not cause air
pollution. But the rate at which energy is
supplied by renewable energy is
controlled so that the electricity to be
provided when necessary
human needs. This coupled with the fact
that electricity is difficult to store large
quantities, leading to the need to
connect renewable energy to the grid
and parallel operation of the electricity
system. Given that for technological
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
reasons, the ANA units are low power,
compared with units
conventional production, are generally at
the distribution network Fig.1. For CHP
systems, the main advantage is that a
better use of primary energy source,
since it exploited and thermal energy,
which inevitably produced during the
process of converting primary energy
into electricity. It is also clear that the
strength of CHP plants, as they serve
local needs (eg a hospital) is relatively
small and therefore the power plant is
normally such as renewable energies,
the distribution network , Fig.1. Primary
energy in cogeneration plants, are often
natural gas, which is known as a
distributed manner similar to electricity.
But there are other sources such as
biogas or biomass, the use of which may
serve other purposes (eg exemption
from waste). The connection of RES and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
CHP systimaton, achieved the
"distributed generation" of electricity,
namely the production of energy close to
consumption, with
thereby reducing the load and loss of
transmission and distribution. In any
case, the distributed generation, mainly
because of difficulties in monitoring and
adjusting production to demand, creating
the need for appropriate adjustments for
electrical energy which is to ensure the
proper functioning and therefore a good
consumer service. The forms of
renewable energy currently exploitable
technoeconomically are:
Ακτογραμμή Περιοχές Natura
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Δίκτυο Μέσης Τάσης της ΔΕΗ Λοιποί Αρχαιολογικοί Χώροι

Ολικό Οδικό Δίκτυο Χώροι Παγκόσμιας Κληρονομιάς

Πίνακας 1: Επιθέματα και Είδος Τοπολογίας

Παραγόμενα Επιθέματα και


Αρχικά Επιθέματα και Τοπολογία
Τοπολογία

ΠΡΟΣΤΑΤΕΥΟΜΕΝΕΣ ΠΕΡΙΟΧΕΣ
Α. Ζώνες Αποκλεισμού Περιοχών
Α. Περιοχές Natura - πολυγωνική
Natura - πολυγωνική
Β. Ζώνες Αποκλεισμού Οικισμών
Β. Οικισμοί - πολυγωνική
- πολυγωνική
Γ. Ζώνες Αποκλεισμού
Γ. Αρχαιολογικοί Χώροι - πολυγωνική Αρχαιολογικών Χώρων -
πολυγωνική
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Δ. Ζώνες Αποκλεισμού Μνημείων
Δ. Μνημεία Παγκόσμιας Κληρονομιάς - πολυγωνική Παγκόσμιας Κληρονομιάς -
πολυγωνική
Ε. Ζώνες Αποκλεισμού Κύριου
Ε. Κύριο Οδικό Δίκτυο - γραμμική
Οδικού Δικτύου - πολυγωνική

ΚΑΤΑΛΛΗΛΑ ΕΔΑΦΗ
Α1. Κατάλληλες Κλίσεις Εδάφους
Α. Ισοϋψείς Καμπύλες - γραμμική
- πολυγωνική
Α2. Κατάλληλος
Προσανατολισμός Κλίσεων -
πολυγωνική
Α3. Κατάλληλο Υψόμετρο -
πολυγωνική
Β. Κατάλληλες Χρήσεις Γης -
Β. Χρήσεις Γης - πολυγωνική
πολυγωνική
Γ. Κατάλληλο Οδικό Δίκτυο -
Γ. Ολικό Οδικό Δίκτυο - γραμμική
πολυγωνική
Δ. Κατάλληλο Δίκτυο Μέσης
Δ. Δίκτυο Μέσης Τάσης ΔΕΗ - γραμμική
Τάσης ΔΕΗ - πολυγωνική

διάφορα επιθέματα για την εφαρμογή των αναλυτικών διαδικασιών (Χωρική


Ανάλυση).

Διάγραμμα 2: Αναλυτική Διαδικασία Χωρικής Ανάλυσης


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.
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Χάρτης 2: Ζώνες Καταλληλότητας


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9. PROPOSED AREAS
So having to define exclusion zones and
areas of suitability should identify
suitable sites for siting of photovoltaic
systems. To make this possible, have
the appropriate soils to remove parts
contained within the exclusion zones.
Figure 1: Proposed Establishment of
Regional

10. RESULTS
As seen from the maps below, the
appropriate areas for siting the plant, are
scattered throughout the island, most of
them located in the northeast and
ΠΑ
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southwest of the island. The maps that
follow show the final proposed sites
based on land use and occupation of
land. Watching them carefully, we see
that most proposed sites are covered
with grassland and a few bushes.
Regarding the area they occupy, we see
that most sites have an area of more
than 500 acres, which is positive
because the optimal performance of the
facility is directly related to surface area
ΠΑ
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. Προτεινόμενες Περιοχές με Βάση τις Χρήσεις Γης

Recommended sites from the Area


11. EXTENDING THE MODEL
Regarding this case, there is much room
for improvement with additional
enrichment criteria, so the decision to
include location and other parameters.
This will render the final outcome of the
study more credibility and validity, since
more parameters could be combined
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
together to give us the final proposed
charter. This could:
1. To widen the scope and perhaps the
number of proposed areas to become
accepted as an appropriate area of the
Petrified Forest. This is because the
entire acreage is barren and unused.
Thus, an unlikely happening will
increase the total area, while the energy
efficiency of the installation.
2. In addition, for the slope could not
enter any restriction, since the use of
appropriate technology, such as
turntables with sensors and not fixed,
not an obstacle.
3. Another criterion that could be
applied, the reflection from the proposed
facility. So by creating a tool that
calculates the reflection will help to
create criteria for limiting major roads,
settlements, accommodation etc., so
each time choosing the optimal distance.
ΠΑ
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Important tool, because the existing
legislation in this piece has many gaps.
Certainly, the use of many parameters is
usually unexpected results, the most
common finding was non-suitable areas.
Is where more sophisticated forms of
spatial analysis have the potential
emergence of an optimized solution
through statistical analysis (usually using
the criteria weights). Mpe.gr The deals
with environmental studies and
environmental impact assessments (EIA)

For projects and activities and a


presentation of my office in Internet.Stis
mpe.gr pages you will find information
on four pillars:
• The Office: Has the studies worked out
of the office, and mapping services that
we undertake.
• About EIA: Includes projects and
activities requiring EIA, the attachment
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
such that the authorities will approve the
project and the degree of perturbation to
the project.
• Areas: Has the protected areas of
nature protection legislation (National
Parks, Ramsar, Aesthetic Forests,
Wildlife Refuges, NATURA 2000) and
areas that are important (Important Bird
Areas). We also include traditional
villages and archaeological sites. The
traditional settlements and
archaeological sites are of particular
importance to environmental studies.
• Environmental News: Contains
information on news related to the
environment from the daily press
So the mpe.gr addressed
sepicheirimaties that required for the
activity to perform environmental impact
studies and want to gain information.
This site is committed to monitor and
display changes in legislation, to always
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
show updated information on the ICM.
Tsolakis George - Environmentalist
ΠΑ
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ΠΑ
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ΠΑ
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REPORT OF RENEWAL RAE IMES


SOURCES Performing GEI A S (RES)
An updated report MAY 2 0 0 2
FEBRUARY 2003 ATHENA ENERGY
REGULATORY AUTHORITY,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
UNIVERSITY 69 43 1 10 ATHENS TEL:
2 10 3 25 2 74 8, FAX: 2 10 3 25 5 46 0,
E-MAIL: info @ rae. gr, WEB: www. r a
e. g r
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRICITY
SYSTEM .................... 1
2. FORMS TECHNOLOGIES-RES ... 3
2.1. WIND ENERGY .......... 3
2.2. HYDROELECTRIC ENERGY ...... 3
2.3. SOLAR ENERGY ..................... 4
2.4. BIOMASS ........................... 4
2.5. GEOTHERMAL
ENERGY ............................... 5
2.6. KYPSELES
FUEL ................................................ ......
. 5
3. COST OF PRODUCTION AND
GROWTH REQUIREMENTS OF RES ..
4. The development of RES in
Greece ................... 9
5. CURRENT SITUATION AND
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
PROSPECTS ...... 11
6. EFFECTS OF RAE: FINANCIAL
SUPPORT OF RES .. 18
7. EMERGENCY ISSUES ............ 21
ANNEX I: RESULTS OF PUBLIC
CONSULTATION OF THE RAE
FOR LICENSING OF ISLANDS IN
RES ....... 22
ANNEX II: DRAFT PROPOSAL FOR
LEGISLATIVE ARRANGEMENT
ISSUES hybrid plants
ILEKTROPARAGOGIS .. 23

Since early last century when they


began the applications of electricity until
the early 10 years of 70, there is an
ongoing international concentration of
production in ever larger "Power
Stations", while development of
transmission and distribution systems
with ever larger trends, such the rapid
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
growth of electricity demand, Sch 1. This
happened in our country to develop the
National System of Public Electricity
Power Corporation (PPC), which during
the period 1956-63 (about) purchased
approximately 300 electricity companies
supplying it to electricity with small local
networks. But in the wake of "oil shocks"
of 10-years old of 70, became
international awareness of the need for
better use of energy, first in order to
better exploit the energy resources
deployed and, secondly, to limit
environmental pollution. Then began an
international level to find alternative
energy sources to compensate for the
conventional sources like coal and oil,
and nuclear energy, which of course has
known problems. Also started an effort
to save and generally better and more
efficient use of
energeias.Oi above factors contributed
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
decisively to the development first of
AnaneosimonPigon Energy (RES) and
then to the development of Combined
Heat and Power (CHP).
A key advantage of renewable energy
over conventional sources that are
renewed by nature and do not cause air
pollution. But the rate at which energy is
supplied by renewable energy is
controlled so that the electricity to be
provided when necessary
human needs. This coupled with the fact
that electricity is difficult to store large
quantities, leading to the need to
connect renewable energy to the grid
and parallel operation of the electricity
system. Given that for technological
reasons, the ANA units are low power,
compared with units
conventional production, are generally at
the distribution network Fig.1. For CHP
systems, the main advantage is that a
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
better use of primary energy source,
since it exploited and thermal energy,
which inevitably produced during the
process of converting primary energy
into electricity. It is also clear that the
strength of CHP plants, as they serve
local needs (eg a hospital) is relatively
small and therefore the power plant is
normally such as renewable energies,
the distribution network , Fig.1. Primary
energy in cogeneration plants, are often
natural gas, which is known as a
distributed manner similar to electricity.
But there are other sources such as
biogas or biomass, the use of which may
serve other purposes (eg exemption
from waste). The connection of RES and
CHP systimaton, achieved the
"distributed generation" of electricity,
namely the production of energy close to
consumption, with
thereby reducing the load and loss of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
transmission and distribution. In any
case, the distributed generation, mainly
because of difficulties in monitoring and
adjusting production to demand, creating
the need for appropriate adjustments for
electrical energy which is to ensure the
proper functioning and therefore a good
consumer service. The forms of
renewable energy currently exploitable
technoeconomically are:
2.1. Wind Energy
The kinetic energy of wind converted
first into mechanical and then into
electricity through "wind, Fig.2. The wind
turbine technology has shown
considerable development in recent
years, with a corresponding reduction in
production costs of energy produced.
Today's "commercial size" wind turbines,
which is the size
presents the best cost-benefit analysis,
between 600 and 1500 KW. But being
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
test run turbines to 3000 KW, are
designed not until 5000KW.
Figure 2. Wind Production Station
Cost reduction is achieved by installing
more wind turbines in the same position,
so we formed "wind farms", typically the
total force up to 40 MW. The main
disadvantage of wind turbines is the
visual changes made to the
environment, while the other, eg noise is
easily handled by the appropriate choice
of plant location. Note finally that the
output from a wind power increases with
the cube near the wind speed and
therefore the appropriate choice of plant
location is essential for the efficiency of
investment.
2.2. Hydroelectricity
It is a renewable form of energy that was
used by the first steps in developing the
electrical applications, particularly the
construction of dams and water
ΠΑ
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reservoirs to create large rivers Fig. 3
(a). In recent years, but rapidly growing
technique of 'Small Hydro' Figure 3 (b)
power to 10 MW, which are installed in
relatively small streams and have limited
impact on the environment, they involve
merely an abstraction, a line pressure
and Pumpjet. Essential for both the
return on investment and the impact on
the environment
is the choice of location and the overall
design of the project. 4 (a) (b)
Figure 3. Large (a) and Small (b)
hydroelectric project
2.3. Solar Energy
Using the direct conversion of electricity
through the "photovoltaic cells", presents
the most advantages. Their only
drawback is that they require the
disposal of large bearing surfaces for the
installation and especially the high
acquisition cost. Very efficient, given
ΠΑ
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current costs as direct use of solar
energy for water heating or heating (or
cooling) sites. Figure 4. Photovoltaic
Production Station on the roof of a
house
2.4. Biomass
The term implies all kinds of waste
products and natural, animal, forestry
and fisheries production, before or after
their industrial processing and municipal
wastewater and waste. The exploitation
is not working (direct incineration) or with
various thermochemical (eg pyrolysis,
gasification) or biochemical processes
(eg aerobic fermentation). Better suited
to meet the needs heat in agricultural
applications, where available raw
material and / or urban district, while
generating electricity. Especially
interesting is the energy recovery of
waste. Essential for efficiency often
required significant investment and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
environmental impact in the region are to
secure the raw material (in quality and
quantity) and the technology to be
implemented.
2.5. Geothermal energy
Depending on the temperature of
geothermal fluid obtained by drilling, is
divided into "low" (25-1000 ° C),
"medium" (100-1500 ° C) and "high"
(over 1500 ° C) enthalpy. The
geothermal energy of low and medium
enthalpy find many applications in the
agricultural industry and space heating
and for electricity generation offers high-
enthalpy. The technology applied in
conjunction with the characteristics of
the geothermal fluid is a determining
factor for reducing environmental impact.
With the return of fluid into the ground
immediately after use by a particular
drilling can be properly addressed the
environmental impact2.6. Fuel Cells
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Their development is still at an
experimental stage, but there are high
hopes that the future will bring a
revolution in electricity generation and
transport, starting perhaps in the
decade. Operate using natural gas or
other gases
Hydrogen and future, which is expected
to be obtained from the water with the
widespread use of renewable energy
As Figure 5 shows the evolution of the
indicative cost of producing energy from
different forms of RES, and the cost of a
modern production plant of Natural Gas
for comparison. It is worth noting the
considerable reduction of production
costs in
recent years, especially certain forms of
renewable energy over the past 20
years, mainly due to the evolution of
their technology, but to be competitive
with production costs of conventional
ΠΑ
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sources. Therefore, for the further
penetration of renewables in the energy
market is currently at least necessary to
further support them.
Figure 5. Comparative presentation of
the production costs of renewable
energies with a corresponding cost of
conventional gas stations from the good
will to the wider development of
renewable energy such as says the
above comparison of the costs of RES
and conventional sources, which is
based on values "market" is not correct
because it does not take into account
the so-called "external costs", which will
be charged on conventional sources.
The "external costs" reflects the
additional costs to be paid to the public
from the ravages of the environment (air,
soil and water resources) and human
health as a result of the use of
conventional energy sources and
ΠΑ
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nuclear energy, as well as disasters
caused by extreme weather events, to
the extent that they are a consequence
of the use of conventional sources. In
the same way operates the system of
fines under the Protocol
Kyoto countries failing to achieve the
defined goals in this limit pollutants. It
contends that the technologies for
conventional energy sources, particularly
nuclear were subsidized during the
stages of development or indirectly
subsidized today.
Since the exact figures of the above is
impracticable, great importance is the
correct information for citizens to accept
the consequences of development of
renewables, which are often readily
apparent (eg, the visual deterioration of
the environment by the installation of
wind turbines ), causing the reaction.
Moreover, as already implemented in
ΠΑ
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some European countries, public
information intended to have the
willingness to pay a small additional
percentage of the cost of energy
consumed, to offset the additional costs
of producing power because of the
penetration of RES as indicated below.
The development of renewable energy is
a key priority for the European Union
(EU), for independence of energy supply
and environmental protection, and social
and economic cohesion. This is reflected
by its recent "Directive 2001 / 77" of the
European Parliament and Council, and
the commitments of the EU the "Kyoto
Protocol" to the environment. The main
points of the "Instructions" are:
a) calls on member states to set specific
targets for the percentage of total energy
consumption and electricity in particular,
which will come from renewables by
2010. These rates should be consistent
ΠΑ
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with the overall aims of the EU, ie 12%
of the total and 22.1% of electricity. Also
provides for ease
each member state targets for the
percentage of electricity consumption.
For Greece is 20.1% (including large
hydropower).
b) stipulates that member states can
currently only be set up measures of
renewables to achieve the aims, which
should be in accordance with the
principles of the internal electricity
market, taking into account the
characteristics of different technologies
that are simple and effective and to
provide for transitional arrangements to
maintain the confidence of investors.
c) stipulates that Member States should
review the licensing procedures and
administrative arrangements to ensure
transparency and facilitate the
development of renewable energy.
ΠΑ
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d) stipulates that they should take
appropriate measures to give priority to
connecting renewables to the electricity
networks and calls upon Member States
to require the System Operator and the
Network on regulations that will ensure
transparent connectivity and cost.
e) provides that Member States should
establish appropriate mechanisms to
designate competent bodies for a
Guarantee of Origin "energy produced
from RES. Additionally, requires Member
States to recognize the "Guarantee of
Origin" are coming from other Member
States of the European Union. Note
finally that the Directive defines intervals
within which Member States must report
the results from the application of
prescribed.
Measures to support renewable energy
used by Member States include
investment subsidies or tax breaks, but
ΠΑ
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the main support comes from the direct
support for energy prices paid to
producers of RES. Measures to support
prices to fall into two main categories:
_ Fixed price schemes, operating
notably in Germany and Spain, which
contributed significantly to the rapid
promotion of RES and our country.
Characterized by specific energy price
paid by electricity companies to
producers of RES.
_ The quota systems, which apply
particularly to England, Ireland and the
Netherlands, with a small contribution to
the development of renewables. Based
on setting energy prices through
competition among producers to support
renewable energy will become, after the
Government decides on the desired
amount of energy from renewables.
Implemented through two main
mechanisms:
ΠΑ
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(J) The green certificates: The RES is
sold at market prices, and to finance the
additional production costs of renewable
energy, all consumers have to purchase
a certain amount of energy ("green
certificate") from RES. For the supply of
green certificates developed a
secondary market for "green energy",
while the capital market from
conventional sources.
(Ii) Competition System: issued by the
state competitions for the supply of RES,
which goes to local consumption in the
price of the competition. The additional
costs of RES passed on to consumers
through a special fee.
The issue of selecting an appropriate
support system for renewable energies
in order to achieve the desired increase
in production from RES, in a competitive
deregulated energy market, without any
significant burden on consumers feel a
ΠΑ
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strong all
Member States and regulators. The
complexity of the issue increased by the
fact that renewables are distributed
generation, in many levels of the power
system and each different form of
renewable energy behavior, and thus the
determination of their contributions and
the assessment of costs incurred in
connection network is not easy. End key
is the level at which each country is the
development of RES:
From practice to date shows that
systems based on competition when
offered RES have already developed
some degree and not at the stage of
development. This is because the
conditions created in the competition can
be an obstacle to the "off" them. The first
effort was the development of renewable
energy with N. 1559/85, which was the
possibility of producing electricity from
ΠΑ
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renewable energy to homes and Local
Authorities (auto) up to three times the
force of their facilities and the sale of
excess DEI. The contribution of law to
the development of renewable energy
was minimal due to low market price of
energy by the PPC and complex
licensing procedures: in 1993 total
operating wind power 27 MW, of which
only 3 MW owned by private individuals,
local authorities and OTE, and the other
in the PPC.
The actual start of the development of
renewable energy was the N.2244/94,
which has enabled the production of
electricity from renewables and
individuals for the sole purpose of selling
the energy produced to electricity, and
expand the possibilities of auto
production. He also ruled on sufficient
market prices of energy sold to PPC and
ten years
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
during symvaseonc
5. Alongside established development
incentives (Business Plan Energy
Development Act, etc.), which included
grants of up costs of RES and
cogeneration that despite the obstacles
because of complex licensing
procedures, which could not be
overcome, significant progress in
especially in recent years. Chart 1
shows the evolution of installed power
turbines in the Greek area in Figure 2
and in Europe and worldwide. Figure 1.
Evolution of installed wind turbines in the
Greek area
Wind Development in Greece
0
50
100
150
200
250
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
300
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
1998 1999 2000 2001
MW
1 0
Figure 2. Evolution of installed wind
turbines in the EU and globally
significant contribution to the
development of renewable energy was
the establishment of the Center for
Renewable Energy Sources-CRES,
which continuously since 1989, founded
participate actively in all
effort studies the potential of renewable
energies (wind, small hydropower
development, etc.), the performance of
any kind of measurement and
certification, technical assistance to
private and government institutions,
such as the Operational Energy
Programme, etc. Remarkable also was
the contribution of PPC to install the first
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
wind turbines, especially on islands, and
generally the extraction of raw
experience. The main obstacles to
greater development of renewable
energy were:
a) The long and arduous licensing
procedures setup, mainly due to lack of
planning, the inadequate staffing and
training of relevant regional agencies
and the complexity and ambiguity of
existing regulations.
b) The need for substantial expansion
and strengthening of the electricity
network in areas with high wind potential
(eg N. Euboea, Laconia)
c) Lack of land and general land use
planning, which combined with the lack
of knowledge among citizens about the
benefits of renewable energy, and even
failure from the beginning of a
compensation provision that would
satisfy the needs of local communities,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
resulted in reactions residents.
d) The inability to fully exploit the high
wind potential of the islands, due to
technical problems with the existing
cooperation Dizeloilektrikous stations.
By N.2773/99 for the liberalization of
electricity, maintaining the status of Law
2244/95, adding that the designated
market prices RES and Cogeneration
regarded as the highest and can be
reduced by administration of License, by
decision of the Ministry of Development,
after consultation of the RAE. It also
provides that every RES bear
administrative charge, equal to a
percentage of sales attributable to the
energy and local authorities. (With MD at
2% of gross revenues). Finally,
N.2773/99 gives priority to absorb the
energy generated by APE, for them to
exploit to the fullest extent permitted by
the proper functioning of the electricity
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
system. On 8/12/2000 the RAE was a
call for applications for licenses
Production, based on the "Licensing
Rules for Production and Supply of
Electric Energy", adopted by the
Development Ministry at RAE's proposal,
as defined in Law 2773/99. In this
invitation, the response of investors was
very good and continues
today. In the first column of Table 1
below, indicating the number of requests
and the total power per technology until
1/2/2003 Table 1. Applications for
authorization to produce renewable
energy projects up on 1.2.2003
Applications Technology RES
Application Number Power (MW)
Positive GnomiRAE (MW)
Wind 862 14.206 3.046
Small power / ktrika 368 824 364
PV 17 7 3 2 2
Biomass 35 350 107 6
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Geothermal 6 335 8
Total 1.288 15.722 3. 528
(*) 1.2.2003
The evaluation of all applications
submitted by 1.2.2003, the RAE was the
technical assistance of CRES. The
process and evaluation criteria specified
in Regulation Licensing. Based on the
criteria of Article 9 of the Rules of
Licensing
Production and Procurement, and as
defined in Article 3 of N.2773/99,
referred to the feasibility of energy
projects, prepared by the RAE 'Guide to
Assessment Application electricity from
renewables and small CHP. The full text
of the "Guide" is published on the
website of the RAE. Detailing all the
evaluation methodology, which ensures
a transparent, objective and equitable
treatment of all applications.
The evaluation results, to appear on
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
1.2.2003 in the last column of Table
1. and further, by region, Table 2. It
includes the evaluation of
Applications involving the southern
Laconia, which has a very high wind
potential. The reason for the
postponement of the evaluation was that
because of the large number of
Applications were considered necessary
to precede appropriate spatial
arrangement to
To minimize environmental impact and
reduced the reasonable reaction
residents.
NOTICE OF RAE10 November 2009
RAE, following on from February 10,
2009 call for participation in public
consultation on the RAE proposed
amendments to the Code Management
System and Power Exchange view
Thursday Day Reports publishes the
following list of respondents and the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
contents of the letters made pursuant
thereto.
N / A Date of Mission AP Posted
Content Letter
30.10.2009 1 I-99849 / 30.10.2009
VERBUND - APT Energa Hellas AE
Letter VERBUND - APT Energa Hellas

30/10/2009 2 I-99877 / 30.10.2009


ALUMINIUM SA Letter ALUMINUM

3 30.10.2009 I-99909 / 30.10.2009


SENSE SENSE Letter

30/10/2009 4 I-99911 / 30.10.2009


NECO S.A. Letter NECO

30/10/2009 5 I-99912 / 30.10.2009


ENERGY THESSALONIKI SA Letter
ENERGY THESSALONIKI

30/10/2009 6 I-99913 / 30.10.2009 IENE


ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Letter IENE

30/10/2009 7 I-99914 / 30.10.2009


ESSITH Letter ESSITH

30/10/2009 8 I-99917 / 30.10.2009 EGL


Hellas SA Letter EGL Hellas

30/10/2009 9 I-99931 / 30.10.2009


AEGEAN POWER Letter AEGEAN
POWER

10 30/10/2009 I-99945 / 30.10.2009


COGEN Europe Letter COGEN Europe

11 30/10/2009 I-99983 / 30.10.2009


HTSO Inc. Letter HTSO

I-12 30/10/2009 100,011 / PPC


30/10/2009 Letter PPC

RAE thanked all participants for their


ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
contribution to public consultation.
• 23 July 2009: Speech by the strain of
RAE Mr. Glinou entitled "Investments in
renewable energy: Overview with special
reference to the licensing of wind in
Evia, Dinner of the NPC on 'Major Wind
Farms - Capability System", July 2009
[PDF]
• 1 July 2009: Speech by Vice-President,
Dr. Michael Thomadaki at the
conference "Energy: the new investment
charter, June 30, 2009
• 1 July 2009: Speech by Vice-President,
Dr. Michael Thomadaki entitled «Recent
developments in the Gas Market in
SEE», 3rd South East Europe Energy
Dialogue, 18-19 June 2009, Thessaloniki
[PDF]
• 9 February 2009: Speech by the strain
of RAE Mr. Glinou "The harnessing of
wind energy in Greece: Current status,
motivation, obstacles and prospects."
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Conference of the Economic University
of Athens, Eretria, February 2009 [PDF]
• 28 November 2008: Speech by Vice-
President, Dr. Michael Thomadaki 'The
evolving challenges in the Greek energy
market ", 19th Conference" The time of
the Greek economy, Greece, 24-25
November, 2008 [PDF]
• 28 November 2008: Speech by Vice-
President, Dr. Michael Thomadaki 'The
evolving challenges for renewables and
energy saving ", Workshop" Direct
solutions to the energy crisis, Athens,
November 21, 2008 [PDF]
• 24 November 2008: Speech by the
strain of RAE Mr. Perrakis entitled
«Simulator for the Hellenic Wholesale
Electricity Market», International Black
Sea Energy Policy Conference, Athens,
8-9 October 2008 [PDF]
• 14 November 2008: Speech by Vice-
President, Dr. Michael Thomadaki
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
entitled «Recent Regulatory
Developments in the gas market of the
Energy Community», Workshop "Energy
and Foreign Policy, Athens, November
10, 2008 [PDF]
• 7 November 2008: Speech of Vice
President of RAE Mr. T. Panagos "The
development of renewable energy in
Greece: Current situation, problems and
prospects" Open Forum APE / CHP,
Zappeion, 31 October 2008 [PDF]
• 10 Oktoviou 2008: Speech by Vice-
President, Dr. Michael Thomadaki
entitled «Update on developments of the
Gas Market in SEE», 4th Emerging
Europe Energy Summit, 2-3 October
2008, Athens [PDF]
• 20 November 2007: Speech by Vice-B
of the Dr. RAE. Michael Thomadaki
entitled "Competition where possible.
Setting, where necessary ... "Workshop
ECONOMIA BUSINESS TANK, Athens,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
November 20, 2007
• 19 October 2007: Presentation of strain
RAE Mr. M. Santorineou on "legislative
authorization RES projects and their
implementation details," Energy 2007,
Athens, October 19, 2007 [PDF]
• 2 May 2007: Presentation of strain
RAE N. Boulaxi on "Solar Parks -
Institutional Framework and Investment
Opportunities", ACCI, Athens, April 18,
2007 [PDF]
• 25 January 2006: Presentation of the
President, Mr M. RAE Karamanis on
"deregulation of Electricity and Gas:
Arrangements, Achievements,
Expectations and Obstacles", IOBE,
Athens, December 1, 2005 [PDF]
• 23 December 2005: Presentation of
Vice RAE Mr. M. Thomadaki on "Energy
Community of SE Europe -
Developments and Perspectives", 10th
National Conference on "Energy and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Development, 2005, Athens, 7-9
December, 2005 [PDF]
• 23 December 2005: Presentation of the
management of Mrs. K. RAE Sardis and
Mr. T. Krommidas on "Developments
and Prospects in Global Markets
Greenhouse Gas Emissions", 10th
National Conference on "Energy and
Development, 2005, Athens, 7-9
December , 2005 [PDF]
• 21 June 2005: Presentation of directors
of RAE Mr K. Perrakis and A. Vlachos
on "Energy Supply Security - Role and
Activities of the RAE on the power
sector, TEE Colloquium - Lignite and
Gas to Power the Country Athens, June
9-10, 2005 [PDF]
• 27 May 2005: Presentation of strain
RAE Mr. M. Thomadaki on "Overview
Single Market Design", 6th Energy
Trading Central & Eastern Europe,
Budapest, May 25th, 2005 [PDF]
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
• 17 December 2004: Presentation of
strain RAE Mr. Iliadou on "State aid in
the electricity sector" held in the seminar
on the final beneficiaries of the OP on
"aid" and organized by ESA OP in
cooperation with the State Aid Unit
(MOQUETTES) Center for International
and European Economic Law (16 and 17
December 2004) [PDF]
• 25 November 2004: Presentation of the
management of Messrs. N. Boulaxi RAE
and D. Papachristou on "Greek policy for
renewables in electricity generation"
(Athens, 19.11.2004) [PDF]
• 22 November 2004: Address by
Member of RAE Prof. A. Papadopoulos
on the "Energy Policy and Renewable
Energy" (Thessaloniki, 18 November
2004) [PDF]
• June 2004: 4th Athens Forum (3-4
June 2004) - Conclusions
• 26 May 2004: Speech by President of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
RAE Mr. P. Boar IENE the workshop on
"Liberalization of the electricity market in
Greece (Athens, ACCI, 25 May 2004)
[PDF]
• 15 March 2004: Presentation of the
President of RAE on "Towards a
Standard Market Design for the South-
East European Electricity Market" at the
EBRD Workshop (London, March 12,
2004)
• 15 December 2003: Presentation of the
President of RAE on New Electricity
Market - Review of the Code to the
RAE's proposal "at the 8th Conference
on" Energy and Development 2003
"(Athens, 26-27 November 2003)
• 4 December 2003: MESSAGE
President of RAE NTUA Prof. Pantelis
Boar and Chairman of the Scientific
Committee of the 8th Conference on
"Energy and Development 2003"
(Athens, 26-27 November 2003)
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
• 10 November 2003: "wholesale
electricity market penetration of the
independent electricity"
Excerpts of statements by the president
of RAE during an international
teleconference organized by investment
bank UBS, as published in the 'Platts
Energy in East Europe' (31/10/2003)
• 29 October 2003: Presentation of the
President of the RAE at the meeting in
Moscow the Russian Government and
the European Commission entitled:
«European Union - 25 Members Energy
and Transport Trends to 2030»
• 29 October 2003: Presentation by
Iliadou on: «INTERNATIONAL
RELATIONS 'CAPACITIES AND
GOVERNANCE IN KEY SECTORS»,
Baku Azerbijan [Transcripts]
• 20 October 2003: Presentation of the
President of RAE on: «INDEPENDENCE
OF ENERGY REGULATORS: NEW
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
CHALLENGES», WORLD FORUM ON
ENERGY REGULATION, ROME 5-
9/10/2003 [Transcripts]
• 15 April 2003: Presentation of the RAE
on "Compliance and Distribution
Inventory Security 'in the conference" Oil
and Economy ", April 11, 2003.
• 15 April 2003: Presentation of the RAE
on "Compliance and Distribution
Inventory Security 'in the conference" Oil
and Economy ", April 11, 2003.
• April 04, 2003: 2nd Athens Energy
Process Forum Rome, 26-27 March
2003.
• 25 February 2003: Lecture on 'Better
Regulation in the Field of Energy' Ek.
Iliadou - Boar University, Athens,
February 2003.
• 20 February 2003: Interview with
Chairman of the Boar RAE P. "EU
Energy" (14/2/2003, Eu Energy Issue 51,
p.23).
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
• 17 February 2003: RAE Report on
Renewable Energy. (Updated).
• January 30, 2003: CEER Task Force
SEEER. 2nd Meeting, Athens January
20th 2002.
• December 2, 2002: "Speech by
President of RAE P. Boar on" Coverage
of Energy Needs Crete ', Athens,
November 20, 2002
• December 2, 2002: "Speech by
President of RAE P. Boar on 'DRAFT
CEER Proposal for the Agenda of the
Second Forum for the Development of
Regulation in the South East Europe
Electricity Market (SEEEM)'", Athens,
November 20, 2002
• November 14, 2002: "Speech by
President of the Boar RAE P. EKEME
Workshop on Set of Services of General
Economic Interest", Athens, November
13, 2002
• November 14, 2002: "Intervention by
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the RAE at the 7th Conference Energy
and Development", Athens 12-13
November 2002 Message, Presentation
• November 5, 2002: "Speech by
President of the Boar RAE P. CIEEL
Workshop on the Independence of
Independent Authorities", Thessaloniki,
October 29, 2002
• June 28, 2002: CEER Working Group
for the development of South East
Europe Energy Regulation. 1st Meeting,
Athens June 12th 2002: POSITION
PAPER.
• 24 May 2002: RAE gives a report
published on Renewable Energy.
• 24 May 2002: Prof. Boar, "Renewable
Energy".
Speech at the Delos Workshop on Wind
Energy. Athens, 23 May 2002.
20 May 2002: Prof. Boar, "Investment
and the Energy Market in Greece".
Speech at Meeting of the German-
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Hellenic Chamber. Athens, April 25,
2002.

20 May 2002: Prof. Boar, "EU Electricity


Markets: Regulatory Issues and
Processes".
Speech on the 3rd meeting of the
Regulatory Authorities of the countries of
Southeastern Europe, Budapest, 23
April 2002.

• Feb. 15. 2002: Conclusions of the 5th


meeting of the European Gas
Regulatory Forum, Madrid, February 7-8,
2002.
• 31 Ιαν. 2002: Prof. Boar, "The Fate of
the energy market liberalization.
Speech in Congress Economist, 30
January 2002.

• 13 Δεκ. 2001: Prof. Boar, "Wind


Energy".
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Speech Technology Assessment
Committee in the Greek Parliament, 11
December 2001.

• 13 Δεκ. 2001: Prof. Boar, "Security of


Supply".
Speech at the Council of European
Energy Regulators, 6-7 December 2001.

• 21 Νοεμ. 2001: Interview with


Chairman of RAE Prof. Boar in the
journal of the Greek Wind Energy
Association "wind roses" (issue October
11, 2001).
• 12 Νοεμ. 2001: Prof. Boar, "The Fate
of the energy market liberalization.
Presentation in a session entitled
"Financing and Risk Management on
gas prices and supply. Gas", organized
by the RAE in the 6th National
Conference on "Energy and
Development".
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
12-13 November 2001.

• 12 Νοεμ. 2001: Prof. Boar, "The Fate


of the energy market liberalization.
Presentation in a session entitled
"Financing and Risk Management on
gas prices and supply. Gas", organized
by the RAE in the 6th National
Conference on "Energy and
Development".
12-13 November 2001.

• 4 Νοεμ. 2001: Prof. Boar,


"Development and Environment.
Speech at the Money Show.

• 11 Οκτ. 2001: Prof. Boar, "Combined


Heat and Power."
Presentation in the symposium entitled
"New Technologies and Political
Development Cogeneration Natural Gas
to Greece" organized by the company
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
LDK.
Thursday, October 11, 2001.

• 8 Οκτ. 2001: Prof. Boar, "Comments on


the oil market."
Presentation at the First International
Conference on Fuel Market organized by
the Federation Venzinopolon Greece in
collaboration with the European Union
Venzinopolon.
Hotel Divani Apollon Palace, Friday,
October 5, 2001.

• 8 Οκτ. 2001: Prof. Boar, "The Fate of


the energy market liberalization.
Presentation at the event on "Emerging
Energy Market in Greece" organized by
the Hellenic American Union.
Thursday, October 4, 2001.

• 8 Οκτ. 2001: Prof. M. Papadopoulos,


"Supporting RES and DG in a
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
competitive market".
Presentation at International Conference
on "Integration of Revewable Energy
Sources and distribution generation in
Energy Systems" organized by the
European Union EU.
Tuesday, September 25, 2001.

• 4 Οκτ. 2001: New prices, buy / sell e-


Power in drachmas and euros.

• Oct. 4. 2001: New price lists for


electricity purchases / sales in GRD and
Euro.

• July 5. 2001: Conclusions of the 4th


meeting of the European Gas
Regulatory Forum, Madrid, 2-3 July
2001.

• 4 Ιουλ. 2001 study by Greenpeace on


Wind Energy.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

• 20 Ιουν. 2001: Prof. Boar, "The Energy


Market in Greece".
Presentation at the event entitled "The
Energy Market in Greece. Dynamics and
Prospects" organized by ICAP.
Hotel Hilton, Wednesday, June 20,
2001.
June 13, 2001: Prof. Boar, "The
Liberation of Solar Energy Market and its
impact on the business."
Presentation at Meeting on
"Liberalization of the Greek Energy
Market - Facts and Prospects for
Business" organized by the Solar
Tracker Ltd. under the Money Show
2001.
Hotel Grande Bretagne, Saturday, June
9, 2001.

• 19 Μαρ. 2001: Prof. Boar, "RES New


Electricity Market".
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Presentation on March 19, 2001.

• 15 Μαρ. 2001: Prof. Boar, "After


February 19 What?".
Presentation to Information Event March
15, 2001.

• 6 Μαρ. 2001 file license applications for


Solar Energy Production.
• 17 Φεβ. 2001 N. Christodoulakis,
Ministry of Development, "Liberalization
of the Solar Energy Market in Greece".
Speech at Meeting of February 17,
2001.

• 5 Φεβ. 2001: Prof. Boar, "The Path of


Liberation of Solar Energy Market in
Greece".
Presentation to the Information Meeting
on: "The institution of independent
regulatory authorities in the environment
of liberalized markets.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Hotel Divani Caravel, Thursday, January
25, 2001.

• 6 Δεκ. 2000: Greek Codes - Working


Papers.
• 2 Δεκ. 2000: "Regulation Licensing of
Production and Supply of Electricity
(Version 1)" 24 November. 2000:
Kath.P.Kapros, "Regulatory Policy and
Market Power in Greece."
Presentation at Seminar on "Regulations
and Codes of the liberalized electricity
market in Greece."
Organised by the Regulatory Authority
for Energy Manager Greek electricity
transmission systems.
Hotel Caravel, Wednesday, October 18,
2000.

• 24 November. 2000: Kath.P.Kapros,


"Establishment of the HTSO:
Stakeholders' Workshop".
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Presentation at Seminar on "Regulations
and Codes of the liberalized electricity
market in Greece."
Organised by the Regulatory Authority
for Energy Manager Greek electricity
transmission systems.
Hotel Caravel, Wednesday, October 18,
2000.

• 24 November. 2000: Kath.P.Kapros,


"Liberalisation of the Energy Market".
Show To the Fifth National Conference
on Energy: 'Energy and Development
2000'.
Organised by Delos Communications
SA.
Hotel Grande Bretagne, October 31 and
November 1, 2000.

Table 2. RES projects licensed by


Region
REGION Small Wind power / camera
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Geothermal Biomass PV TOTAL
POWER (MW) 339,15 2, 7509, 5 0 351,
4
PLITHOS 24 2 0 1 0 27
POWER (MW) 139,6 0,87 0 35,38 0
175,85
PLITHOS 11 2 0 4 0 17
POWER (MW) 23,98 0 8 0 0,01 31,99
PLITHOS 22 0 1 0 1 24
POWER (MW) 141,2 64,14 0 0,9 0
206,24
PLITHOS 6 32 0 1 0 39
POWER (MW) 0 29,04 0 0,37 0 29,41
PLITHOS 0 0 14 1 0 15
POWER (MW) 87 109,24 0 16,09 0
212,33
PLITHOS 3 32 0 2 0 37
POWER (MW) 90,95 40,45 0 2,07 0
133,47
PLITHOS 5 22 0 2 0 29
POWER (MW) 72,2 33,7 0 12,38 0,6
118,88
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
PLITHOS 5 32 0 3 2 42
POWER (MW) 126,7 0,65 0 5,42 0,89
133,66
PLITHOS 23 1 0 1 8 33
POWER (MW) 51,3 0 0 5,42 0 56,72
PLITHOS 3 0 0 2 0 5
POWER (MW) 172,5 0 0 0,5 0 173
PLITHOS 42 0 0 1 0 43
POWER (MW) 477,4 17,56 0 19,54 0,5
515
PLITHOS 29 9 0 4 2 44
POWER (MW) 1324,1 65,98 0 0 0
1390,08
PLITHOS 90 32 0 0 0 122
POWER (MW) 3046,1 364,38 8 107,57
2 3528,03
PLITHOS 263 178 1 22 13 477
EASTERN ISLANDS MACEDONIA
NORTH WEST ATTICA Greece Western
Macedonia Epirus THESSALIAS
CENTRAL MACEDONIA TOTAL
CENTRAL GREECE CRETE IONIAN
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
SOUTH AEGEAN Peloponnese
In Article 2 of Law 2941/2001 provides
for the creation of "Special Framework
ChorotaxikouSchediasmou and
Sustainable Development" for
renewables within protected areas and
also provides that until the adoption of
this, the arrangement will be made after
consultation of the Directorate of
Planning and Public Works orotaxikou .
Under the above arrangements and in
collaboration with relevant state and
regional authorities, sought to minimize
the problems caused by the use of
energy sources renewable energy in
general and particularly
areas identified a large concentration of
projects. He has also been approved by
the Ministry of Development, following a
positive opinion of RAE Study
Development System Operators
(MASM), prepared by the Hellenic
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Transmission System Operator. In this
important work for strengthening the
power system for the next five years,
many of which will contribute
significantly to the absorption of energy
from renewables.
According to a study of the Hellenic
Transmission System Operator, the
network infrastructure created will
provide further opportunities connections
RES stations mainly in Evia, eastern
Macedonia and Thrace and the southern
Peloponnese (Lakonia). The additional
possibility of Evia network to connect
new wind farms is estimated at 530 MW
(including the islands of the 1 3
Cyclically interconnected with the
continental system), while Laconia at
400 MW. Also, the planned expansion of
the system to Turkey, the level of 400 kV
will allow for significant absorption of
wind power in the region of Thrace. The
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
RAE has a favorable opinion and the
Ministry of Development has issued
production licenses for 230 MW of wind
power plants in the region, who will be
able to connect after the extension of the
system. With the creation of such
infrastructure can be used long term, the
current major energy source renewable
energy that exists in these areas.
Regarding the impact on the
commitment of land to install wind farms
to the above upper limits on worst case
of N. Evia showing the highest density of
states that cover more than 1% arid
(grassland
mainly) of the total land surface, not
even commit the most part the use of
land cover. (This assessment is the view
that wind farms consisting of wind
turbines occupying an area of 200
meters in diameter, the
each). In other parts of Greece density is
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
relatively small. Specifically, the first
column of Table 3 shows that every
partition of the country distribution of
approved projects already authorized to
establish or so and are in operation or
under construction. On the next show
wind farms which have expressed a
positive opinion of course a significant
number of applications that have been
licensed for production is not certain that
will be held for various reasons, as
shown in the fourth and fifth column of
Table 3. It is estimated that over 60% of
these projects will be carried out or that
new applications submitted within the
next few years to replace it
part of already approved projects will not
be made by choosing the most
appropriate job, due to better knowledge
of the available wind resources and the
overall experience already acquired.
Given the pace at which they continue to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
apply for license production of
renewable energy projects and other
exploitable resources estimated by
region of the country, in the sixth column
of Table 3 includes additional power per
area
estimated to be installed by 2010,
however under certain conditions set out
in paragraph 6. Finally, the last column
of Table 3 includes the same effects can
be produced, taking into account wind
conditions by region.
1 4 Table 4 gives the corresponding
information to the right on Small Hydro,
which is the second largest source of
renewable energy. Table 4. Small Hydro
(*)
AREA Licensed Installation and
Operation (MW)
Only by Permission of favorable opinion
RAE (MW)
Total Licensed to 12.2.2003 (MW)
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Licensed projects is estimated to be
(MW)
Additional Features on estimated Until
2010 (MW)
Total operational in 2010 (MW)
Estimated Annual Production in 2010
(GWh)
THESSALIA 16 24 40 15 5 36 111
Macedonia-Thrace 24 41 65 20 10 54
166
Epirus 18 91 109 50 10 78 240
CRETE 0 1 1 1 0 1 3
F. GREECE 19 47 66 30 15 64 196
PELOPONNESE 1 5 17 18 10 16 49
WESTERN GREECE 6 58 64 30 15 51
157
ATTICA 1 0 1 0 0 1 2
SYNOLA 86 279 364 156 60 302 924 (*)
To 1/2/2003
The biomass plant for which it expressed
positive opinion of the RAE amounts to
108 MW around the entire 350 MW
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
submitted. The reasons for rejecting the
proposals were mainly the failure to
obtain the raw material. Most of those at
expressed a positive opinion of RAE
were exploiting the existing landfill gas
and agricultural waste. The other
renewable energy technologies is
estimated that it could contribute
substantially in
next few years specifically, photovoltaic
technology is tried and true penetrate
the electricity production on a limited
scale, but remains unprofitable
investment because of high compared
with wind and small hydropower, the
cost of their acquisition. Substantial
penetration of PV system output requires
strong support or subsidize the high
investment (eg in the range of 80-90% of

cost of establishment) or by subsidizing


the energy produced by them (in price
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
levels from the current seven times for
renewables). Admittedly, the estimated
amount of their payments should take
into account the benefits for the
electricity system
on account of distributed generation,
particularly for small solar installations at
residences and industrial buildings, so
the production is located directly on
consumption, on the other hand the fact
that the maximum production coincides
with peak demand for electricity and has
relatively small fluctuations .
The possibility of producing
electricity from geothermal energy is
mainly located on the islands of
Milos, Nisyros and Lesvos
.
Ιαματικές πηγές Εφταλούς Ιαματικές Πηγές Πολιχνίτου

Πρόκειται
Με για την
θερμοκρασίες
43,6-46,5. C,
ενδείκνυται
για τη
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
θεραπεία ρευματισμών,
αρθριτισμού, ισχιαλγίας, θερμότερη πηγή της Ευρώπης.
νευραλγίας, ψαμμιάσεως, Είναι χλωρονατριούχες με
χολολιθιάσεως, γυναικολογικών και ραδιενέργεια 1,6-6 μονάδες.
δερματικών παθήσεων.(τηλ.22530- Eίναι θεραπευτικές για
71245, 71323) ρευματισμούς, αρθρίτιδες,
γυναικολογικές και δερματικές
Ιαματικές Πηγές Λουτρόπολης παθήσεις, ισχιαλγίες, κ.ά. (τηλ.
Θερμής 22520-41229, 42768, 41223)
Περιοχή: Πολιχνίτος
Συστήνονται
για την
θεραπεία
ρευματισμών, Θερμοπηγές Άι Γιάννη
Λισβορίου
Πρόκειται για την θερμότερη
γυναικολογικών, δερματικών πηγή της Ευρώπης. Είναι
παθήσεων και παθήσεων χλωρονατριούχες με
κυκλοφορικού. (τηλ 22510-71242, ραδιενέργεια 1,6-6 μονάδες.
71277) Θέρμα του κόλπου Eίναι θεραπευτικές για
Γέρας Βρίσκονται λίγα μόλις ρευματισμούς, αρθρίτιδες,
χιλιόμετρα έξω από την Μυτιλήνη. γυναικολογικές και δερματικές
Με θερμοκρασία 39,5 C είναι παθήσεις, ισχιαλγίες, κ.ά. (τηλ.
κατάλληλες για θεραπεία 22520-41229, 42768, 41223)
ρευματισμών, αρθρίτιδων, Περιοχή: Πολιχνίτος
γυναικολογικών παθήσεων, νεφρών,
πεπτικού συστήματος, χρόνιες
εκβάσεις τραυμάτων κ.ά. (τηλ.
22510-41503, 41504, 24575)
Περιοχή: Μυτιλήνη

By applying modern technology in the


extraction of geothermal fluid, which can
avoid adverse environmental impacts,
and the interconnection of islands
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
adjacent to them (or the mainland) with
submarine cables, it is estimated that it
would be possible to use the energy that
source in the near future. The economic
viability of these facilities with the current
system requires a deeper examination
will be made by the RAE, in general the
best way to test electrical island groups,
such as the Cyclades, in cooperation
with local bodies and government
authorities.
Summarizing the foregoing the following
for all RES projects:
In operation or under construction: 675
MW
With a favorable opinion of RAE
(1/2/2003): 3.528 MW
Total installed year 2010: 3.500 MW
The energy generated from these
projects in 2010 is estimated at about
8800 GWh. In 2010 estimated that the
country's needs will require a total power
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
generation 76000 GWh. So according to
the above considerations, the output
renewable electricity will be a rate equal
to 11.6% overall.
Considering that the percentage of
energy produced by large hydroelectric
plants in 2010 and remained at the same
current levels, ie around 7 to 8%, the
target of 20.1% set by "Directive
2001/77" by the European Parliament,
cited in paragraph 3, it appears
achievable, provided that certain
conditions obtain, of course, referring to
the next section.
Chart 3 shows the possible development
of wind generation capacity, which will
remain the main renewable source by
2010. Figure 3. Outlook for wind turbines
in the Greek area
Wind Development in Greece
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000
3500
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
MW
Installed Under Construction Forecast
Year 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
MW 4 19 26 27 28 28 28 40 109 214
260 272 418 568 800 1500 2100 2500
2700 2873
However, already expressed some
reservations about the achievement of
its objective and whether in fact the
growth rate of these sources in Greece,
such as shown in Figure 3, is expected.
The uncertainty stems from the rate of
establishment of projects in Greece,
which last two years is not very
encouraging. Table 5 shows the in
construction and operation of RES
projects in Greece in early 2003
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
(1.2.2003). The overall effect of these is,
as mentioned above, 675 MW, which
does not differ significantly from power in
late 2001 (~ 520 MW) and of course a
very small percentage of the total
licensed RES power (3528 MW). The
problems that hinder the rapid
development of RES projects in Greece
continue to be the ones mentioned:
lengthy licensing process, unable to
execute works to strengthen the network
connections, non-acceptance of RES
projects in some - very few - in the
country. The licensing process is
lengthy, except that it has become a
tedious and sometimes exhaustive
process. The time required to complete
the licensing process is on average two
and a half years. This contributes to the
large number of players who should give
their approval, and that many of them to
evaluate their part can not be routed
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
simultaneously. Moreover, given the
large number of projects the first year of
release, scrum projects to examine the
relevant departments. Clearly there is a
need to simplify the licensing process.
Interconnected System NON
Interconnected System
WIND PARKS MYIE PHOTOVOLTAICS
BIOMASS WIND PARKS MYIE
PHOTOVOLTAICS BIOMASS
DODECANESE WEST ATTICA
Greece Cyclades Peloponnese North
Aegean Islands
Crete Epirus Greece TOTALS WEST
CENTRAL EASTERN MACEDONIA
Macedonia - Thrace TOTALS
CENTRAL MACEDONIA Thessaly Evia,
IONIAN
The implementation of planned projects
to strengthen the system and the smaller
projects connecting to the network of
stations is a major constraint to the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
development of renewables. It
impossible to project implementation by
the PPC, mainly because
the large number and size of these
projects compared to the corresponding
work of previous years. Finally, although
the acceptance of renewable energy in
most parts of the country are given in
some parts of the Greek territory caused
public reaction to
stations are installed renewables (wind
and small hydropower) due to
environmental pollution in the
construction of the project entails. An
example is the southern Laconia, where
the wind potential is extremely high and
could be an important energy source for
the country. Addressing these problems
in the near future by the Greek state and
a fuller awareness of the benefits of
renewable energy could contribute to
achieving the goal of "instructions." It will
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
provide an opportunity for significant
capital investment and employment in
the energy sector, as shown in Table 6.
Table 6. The share of renewables in total
expected investment in the energy
sector in
Greece
Direct Investment in Energy (in
mil 2001)
Expected investment by 2005
Expected investments 2005 - 2010
Power Plant
- Private Natural Gas Units 1200 1320
- Investment PPC - Production 1050
1000
- Private Hydroelectric Projects 100 350
- Renewable Energy 950 1500
Total plants 3300 4170
Electricity Networks
- Transfer 450 800
- Distribution 1750 2500
Total Power _________Diktyon 2200
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
3300
Natural gas
350 800 Distribution of Cities
Infrastructure System Pipe 160 500
Total Gas System 510 1300
Other energy sector projects 450 750
GRAND TOTAL 6460 9520
A key prerequisite for the development
of renewable energy is economically
viable investment. Unless there are
dramatic reductions in the costs of
renewable energy projects as provided
for at least the next few years, and
correspondingly large increase
the cost of conventional sources of
production, it is necessary to continue in
various ways to strengthen them. The
target for large-scale penetration of
renewables requires activation of
appropriate financial tools that should
satisfy
least:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
1. To have a lasting and stable nature in
order to facilitate bank financing of
projects.
2. Be compatible with market
mechanisms of the liberalized electricity
market and avoid distortions of
competition
3. Integrate external market costs that
are required to meet such a way that
reflects the desire of payment
(willingness to pay) for consumers to
minimize the loss of total welfare
4. Be cost effective to maximize
efficiency in renewable energy at the
lowest possible cost.
Referring specifically to the wind, which
now represents the main output of RES,
we note the following regarding the
economic viability and options for their
support:
_ Noted initially that the output of wind
energy depends strongly on wind speed.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Thus, based on current market price of
energy produced with renewable energy,
and if the investor has received a grant
equal to 30% of the cost of installation of
the wind farm (as defined by the
Operational Programme for Energy
CSF), estimated that because of
sustainability investment is necessary
that the average annual speed of
installation location must be at least 6
meters per second. The limit is on the
"Evaluation Guide" of the RAE and
applied in the assessment of wind farms
have so far been licensed.
_ In order to create investor interest, but
without the capital subsidy of 30% has
an average annual wind speed at the
installation position of the wind farm be
more than 7 to 7.5 meters per second.
There are a number of such projects,
and in areas of high wind potential for
which the RAE would soon give positive
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
advice.
_ Especially for non-interconnected
islands, which require special design to
maximize wind power absorption from
the small island grid systems while
ensuring the financial viability of
projects, the RAE since raised the issue
of public consultation resulted in the
formation of a transparent and impartial
licensing process and operation of wind
power stations in
systems (see Annex I).
_ Under the Operational Programme for
Competitiveness (OP), funded by the
CSF, for the grant project RES and
energy savings, worth 360 billion. Most
of them relate to renewable energy and,
moreover, possible grant from the
Development Law. It is estimated that
renewable energy projects power around
800 MW could be subsidized under the
above programs, until the end of 2006.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
_ In addition, for subsidy, 50% of the
cost of electrical networks that need to
be built to connect the EIA System.
_ In order to achieve the objective stated
in the previous paragraph, a part of
renewables projects should be built
without subsidy. For these projects are
necessary to implement new financial
support mechanisms that should meet
the four criteria mentioned above. One
of the candidates to consider financial
support mechanisms for RES shampoo
designed properly can meet the four
criteria are trading green
certificates. These certificates certify the
origin of electricity from renewables. The
regulatory policy is to impose on all
electricity suppliers to keep a minimum
number of green certificates in
proportion to the total
electricity sales made. Suppliers pass on
the costs of holding such certificates to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
their customers, depending on the
wishes of the last to be powered by
green energy, or the supplier is unable
seller
certificates in the secondary market,
either in the buyer. But certainly this is
part of a series of technical and
economic problems to be faced in trying
to promote renewable energies, which
are screened internationally in recent
years. As stated in the distributed
generation is changing the way the
operation of existing power systems,
designed on the basis of accumulated
production. Since electricity production
must at all times just to cover the
demand, it is necessary to continuously
control the sources of production, which
is complex when the number of sources
is large and when many of them are not
controlled rate production. The use of
new technologies of transmission and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
information processing and control
gives the opportunity to address these
issues but of course greatly increases
the cost of distributed electricity to
consumers. Furthermore, the
implementation of the above in the
deregulated electricity market calls for a
pricing system and evaluation of various
techniques and capabilities, along with
the operation of conventional sources in
order to achieve the best outcome for
consumers.
RAE examines these issues while
integrating the experience gained
internationally, taking into account the
directives of European Union and the
country's commitments to contribute as
fully as possible in developing an
operational framework
the Greek electricity market. Already the
issue of linking large distributed
generation from renewables in the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
network is a major
Chapter of Code Network, which
developed by the RAE in collaboration
with the Network Manager. There will be
dealt with connectivity issues, operation
and pricing of this production.
Equally important prerequisites for the
development of renewable energy is the
appropriate spatial arrangements, which
together with the information society will
lead to the favorable acceptance of RES
from the public, as well as creating the
necessary infrastructure to connect
in the system. On these infrastructures,
RAE prepares draft law to recommend to
the Minister for Development and the
expropriation process for the
manufacture of high-voltage grids. The
provisions of this law will ensure a rapid
acceleration of the expropriation process
that projects a large network of national
importance, such as renewable energy
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
in Evia, great work
Network for Eastern Macedonia and
Thrace, but also works on the islands,
can be a much shorter period than that
calculated by the PPC at the moment.
Finally, the RAE and exploited the
relevant provisions of the Code
Administration has standardized
and has given appropriate instructions to
HTSO the procedural manner in which
will be financed and the projects
expansion engyodotithoun network of
high voltage needed for renewables.
In conclusion, the effects of RAE times
are as follows:
1. Notice the positive opinions of the
RAE for production licenses in southern
Laconia and other applications which are
already being evaluated
2. Presentation of draft law on
expropriation of large high-voltage
networks of national importance
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
3. Complete the process of financing
and providing guarantees to investors
ANA to commence as soon as the
systems work Euboea and Thrace (the
work of Laconia and other RES projects
are simpler).
4. Complete cooperation with Ministry
and Regions to address the land
question on the wind of southern
Laconia and Attica
5. Monitoring the progress of RES
projects in accordance with the quarterly
report cards, and clearing the registry
from projects that are either abandoned
or unduly delay the responsibility of
investors (the objective is not a
commitment positions by investors who
are not going projects)
6. Depending on the programming of
each non-interconnected island notice
the extra power available for renewable
energy in the coming years
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
7. Timing of public consultation and a
complete solution for the exploitation of
geothermal
8. Completion of public consultation and
develop a proposal for development of
hybrid systems into larger ones (see
Annex II)
9. Proposal for further simplification of
the licensing process
10. Specific studies
_ Green certificate system
_ Distribution Network and Distributed
large-scale production

In recent months a characteristic


stagnation in the development of RES in
Greece. Entities involved in the planning
process of renewable energy, including
the Ministry of Agriculture, creating
enormous problems in licensing of RES
plants resulting in undue delay or
uncertainty in the issuance of permits for
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the construction and operation of plants,
leading to frustration investors,
especially foreigners, who have already
withdrawn from the Greek market. In the
impasse, and have contributed to the
enormous delays and denials by the
PPC regarding the design and
construction projects to extend and
strengthen the electricity system in the
region of Thrace, Euboea and Laconia,
and small connecting sections of RES
projects. The RAE has already set up
working groups to thoroughly investigate
the situation and find appropriate and
effective measures to vgalounap
impasse is the development of RES in
Greece.
'
REPORT OF SOURCES RAE Refresh
IMES
ENERGY (RES) updated report MAY 2 0
0 2 ATHENS FEBRUARY 2003
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
REGULATORY AUTHORITY ENERGY
UNIVERSITY 69, Athens 10 43 1
Tel: 2 10 3 25 2 74 8, FAX: 2 10 3 25 5
46 0, E-MAIL: info@rae.gr, WEB: www. r
a e. g r

1. DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRICITY
SYSTEM .................... 1
2. FORMS-RES
TECHNOLOGIES ...................................
........... ................................... 3
2.1. WIND ENERGY .............. 3
2.2. HYDROELECTRIC ENERGY .........
3
2.3. SOLAR ENERGY ............. 4
2.4. BIOMASS .............. 4
2.5. GEOTHERMAL ENERGY ... 5
2.6. KYPSELES FUEL ....... 5
3. COST OF PRODUCTION AND
GROWTH REQUIREMENTS OF
RES ....... 6
4. DEVELOPMENT OF THE RES IN
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
GREECE ............................. 9
5. CURRENT SITUATION AND
OUTLOOK ... 11
6. EFFECTS OF RAE: FINANCIAL
SUPPORT OF RES ... 18
7. EMERGENCY ISSUES ... 21
ANNEX I: RESULTS OF PUBLIC
CONSULTATION OF THE RAE TO THE
LICENSING OF ISLANDS IN
RES ................ 22
ANNEX II: DRAFT PROPOSAL FOR
LEGISLATIVE ARRANGEMENT
ISSUES ILEKTROPARAGOGIS hybrid
plants. 23

Since early last century when they


began the applications of electricity until
the early 10 years of 70, there is an
ongoing international concentration of
production in ever larger "Power
Stations", and also development of
transport networks
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Distribution and trends ever more
because of the rapid growth of electricity
demand, Sch 1. This happened in our
country to develop the National System
of Public Electricity Power Corporation
(PPC), which during the period 1956-63
(about) purchased approximately 300
electricity companies supplying it to
electricity with small local networks. But
in the wake of "oil shocks" of 10-years
old of 70, became international
awareness of the need for better use of
energy, first in order to better exploit the
energy resources deployed and,
secondly, to limit environmental
pollution. Then began an international
level to find alternative energy sources
to compensate for the conventional
sources like coal and oil, and nuclear
energy, which of course has known
problems. Also started
an effort to save and generally better
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
and more efficient energy use. These
factors contributed decisively to the
development first of Renewable Energy
Sources (RES) and then to the
development of Cogeneration
Heat and Power (CHP). A key
advantage of renewable energy over
conventional sources that are renewed
by nature and do not cause air pollution.
But the rate at which energy is supplied
by renewable energy is controlled so
that the electricity to be provided when
necessary human needs. This coupled
with the fact that electricity is difficult to
store large quantities, leading to the
need to connect renewable energy to the
grid and parallel operation of the
electricity system. Given that
for technological reasons, the ANA units
are low power, compared with
conventional units, are generally at the
distribution network Fig.1. For CHP
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
systems, the main advantage is that a
better use of primary energy source,
since it exploited and thermal energy,
which inevitably produced during the
process of converting primary energy
into electricity. It is also obvious that the
strength of CHP plants, as they serve
local needs
(Eg a hospital) is relatively small and
therefore the power plant is normally
such as renewable energies, the
distribution system, Fig.1. Primary
energy in cogeneration plants, are often
natural gas, which is known as a
distributed manner similar to electricity.
But there are other sources such as
biogas or biomass, the use of which may
serve other purposes (eg exemption
from waste).
The connection of renewables and CHP
systems, achieved the "distributed
generation" of electricity, namely the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
production of energy close to
consumption, thereby reducing the load
and loss of transmission and distribution.
In any case, the distributed generation,
mainly because of difficulties in
monitoring and
adjust production to demand, creating
the need for appropriate adjustments to
the Power System which is to ensure the
proper functioning and therefore a good
customer katanaloton.Oi forms of
renewable energy currently exploitable
technoeconomically are:
2.1. Wind Energy
The kinetic energy of wind converted
first into mechanical and then into
electricity through "wind, Fig.2. The wind
turbine technology has shown
considerable development in recent
years, with a corresponding reduction in
production costs of energy produced.
Today's "commercial size" wind turbines,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
which is the size
presents the best cost-benefit analysis,
between 600 and 1500 KW. But in the
process of testing wind turbines operate
until 3000 KW, are designed not
exceeding 5000 KW. Figure 2. Wind
Production Station Cost reduction is
achieved by installing more wind
turbines in the same position, so we
formed "wind farms", typically the total
force up to 40 MW. The main
disadvantage of wind turbines is the
visual changes made to the
environment, while the other, eg noise is
easily handled by the appropriate choice
of plant location. Note finally that the
output from a wind power increases with
the cube near the wind speed and
therefore the appropriate choice of plant
location is essential for the efficiency of
investment.
2.2. Hydroelectricity
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
It is a renewable form of energy that was
used by the first steps in developing the
electrical applications, particularly the
construction of dams and water
reservoirs to create large rivers Fig. 3
(a). In recent years, but rapidly growing
technique of 'Small Hydro' Figure 3 (b)
power to 10 MW, which are installed in
relatively small streams and have limited
impact on the environment, they involve
merely an abstraction, a line pressure
and Pumpjet. Essential for both the
return on investment and the impact on
the environment
is the choice of location and the overall
design of the project. (a) (b)
Figure 3. Large (a) and Small (b)
hydroelectric project
2.3. Solar Energy
Using the direct conversion of electricity
through the "photovoltaic cells", presents
the most advantages. Their only
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
drawback is that they require the
allocation of large areas for installation
and especially the high acquisition cost.
Very efficient, given current cost is
directly
use of solar energy for water heating or
heating (or cooling) sites.
2.4. Biomass
The term implies all kinds of waste
products and natural, animal, forestry
and fisheries production, before or after
their industrial processing and municipal
wastewater and waste. The exploitation
is not working (direct incineration) or with
various thermochemical (eg pyrolysis,
gasification) or biochemical processes
(eg aerobic fermentation). Better suited
to meet the needs heat in agricultural
applications, where available raw
material and / or district towns, while
electricity
energy. Especially interesting is the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
energy recovery of waste. Essential for
efficiency often required significant
investment and environmental impact in
the region are to secure the raw material
(in quality and quantity) and the
technology to be implemented.
2.5. Geothermal energy
Depending on the temperature of
geothermal fluid obtained by drilling, is
divided into "low" (25-1000 ° C),
"medium" (100-1500 ° C) and "high"
(over 1500 ° C) enthalpy. The
geothermal energy of low and medium
enthalpy find many applications in the
agricultural industry and space heating
and for electricity generation offers high-
enthalpy. The technology applied in
conjunction with the characteristics of
the geothermal fluid is a determining
factor for reducing environmental impact.
With the return of fluid into the ground
immediately after use by a particular
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
drilling can be properly addressed the
environmental impact.
2.6. Fuel Cells
Their development is still at an
experimental stage, but there are high
hopes that the future will bring a
revolution in electricity generation and
transport, starting perhaps in the
decade. Operate using natural gas or
other gases
Hydrogen and future, which is expected
to be obtained from the water with the
widespread use of renewable energy
As Figure 5 shows the evolution of the
indicative cost of producing energy from
different forms of RES, and the cost of a
modern production plant of Natural Gas
for comparison. It is worth noting the
considerable reduction of production
costs in recent years, some particular
types of renewable energy over the past
20 years, mainly due to the evolution of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
their technology, but to be competitive
with production costs of conventional
sources. Therefore, for the further
penetration of renewables in the energy
market is currently at least necessary to
further support them. Figure 5.
Comparative presentation of the
production costs of renewable energies
with a corresponding cost
conventional gas stations from the good
will to the wider development of
renewable energy such as says the
above comparison of the costs of RES
and conventional sources, which is
based on values "market" is not correct
because it does not take into account
called "external costs", which will be
charged on conventional sources. The
"external costs" reflects the additional
costs to be paid to the public from the
ravages of the environment (air, soil and
water resources) and human health as a
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
result of the use of conventional energy
sources and nuclear energy, as well as
disasters caused by extreme weather
events, insofar as they are
Therefore the use of conventional
sources. In the same way operates the
system of fines under the Kyoto Protocol
for countries that do not reach the
defined goals in this limit pollutants. It
contends that the technologies for
conventional energy sources, particularly
nuclear were subsidized during the
stages of development or indirectly
subsidized today. Since the exact figures
of the above is impracticable, great
importance is the correct information for
citizens to accept the consequences of
development of renewables, which are
often readily apparent (eg, the visual
deterioration of the environment by the
installation of wind turbines ), causing
the reaction. Moreover, as already
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
applied in some European countries,
public information designed to have the
desire to make a small additional
percentage of the cost of energy
consumed to compensate for the
additional costs of producing power
because of the penetration of RES, as
indicated below. The development of
renewable energy is a key priority for the
European Union (EU), for independence
of energy supply and environmental
protection, and social and economic
cohesion. This is reflected by its recent
"Directive 2001 / 77" of the European
Parliament and Council, and the
commitments of the EU the "Kyoto
Protocol" to the environment. These
rates should be consistent with the
overall aims of the EU, ie 12% of the
total and 22.1% of electricity. Also
provides ease of each member state
targets for the percentage of electricity
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
consumption. For Greece is 20.1%
(including large hydropower).

c) stipulates that Member States should


review the licensing procedures and
administrative arrangements to ensure
transparency and facilitate the
development of renewable energy.
d) stipulates that they should take
appropriate measures to give priority to
connecting renewables to the electricity
networks and calls upon Member States
to require the System Operator and the
Network on regulations that will ensure
transparent connectivity and cost.
Additionally, requires Member States to
recognize the "Guarantee of Origin" are
coming from other Member States of the
European Union. Note finally that the
Directive defines intervals within which
Member States must report the results
from the application of prescribed.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Measures to support renewable energy
used by Member States include
investment subsidies or tax breaks, but
the main support comes from the direct
support for energy prices paid to
producers of RES. Measures to support
prices to fall into two main categories:
_ Fixed price schemes, operating
notably in Germany and Spain, which
contributed significantly to the rapid
promotion of RES and our country.
Characterized by specific energy price
paid by electricity companies to
producers of RES.
_ The quota systems, which apply
particularly to England, Ireland and the
Netherlands, with a small contribution to
the development of renewables. Based
on setting energy prices through
competition among producers to support
renewable energy will become, after the
Government decides on the desired
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
amount of energy from renewables.

(J) The green certificates: The RES is


sold at market prices, and to finance the
additional production costs of renewable
energy, all consumers have to purchase
a certain amount of energy ("green
certificate") from RES.

(Ii) Competition System: issued by the


state competitions for the supply of RES,
which goes to local consumption in the
price of the competition. The additional
costs of RES passed on to consumers
through a special fee.
The issue of selecting an appropriate
support system for renewable energies
in order to achieve the desired increase
in production from RES, in a competitive
deregulated energy market, without any
significant burden on consumers feel a
strong all
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Member States and regulators.
This is because the conditions created in
the competition can be an obstacle to
the "off" them.
The first effort was the development of
renewable energy with N. 1559/85,
which was the possibility of producing
electricity from renewable energy to
homes and Local Authorities (auto) up to
three times the force of their facilities
and sell the excess to PPC .
The actual start of the development of
renewable energy was the N.2244/94,
which has enabled the production of
electricity from renewables and
individuals for the sole purpose of selling
the energy produced to electricity, and
expand the possibilities of auto
production.

Chart 1 shows the evolution of installed


wind turbines in the Greek area in Figure
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
2 and in Europe and worldwide. Figure
1.
0
50
100
150
200 250
300
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
1998 1999 2000 2001
MW
1 0
Figure 2. Evolution of installed wind
turbines in the EU and globally
significant contribution to the
development of renewable energy was
the establishment of the Center for
Renewable Energy Sources-CRES,
which continuously since 1989, founded
participate actively in all
effort studies the potential of renewable
energies (wind, small hydropower
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
development, etc.), the performance of
any kind of measurement and
certification, technical assistance to
private and government institutions,
such as the Operational Energy
Programme, etc. Remarkable also was
the contribution of PPC to install the first
wind turbines, especially on islands, and
generally the extraction of raw
experience. The main obstacles to
greater development of renewable
energy were:
a) The long and arduous licensing
procedures setup, mainly due to lack of
planning, the inadequate staffing and
training of relevant regional agencies
and the complexity and ambiguity of
existing regulations.
b) The need for substantial expansion
and strengthening of the electricity
network in areas with high wind potential
(eg N. Euboea, Laconia)
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
c) Lack of land and general land use
planning, which combined with the lack
of knowledge among citizens about the
benefits of renewable energy, and even
failure from the beginning of a
compensation provision that would
satisfy the needs of local communities,
resulted in reactions residents.
d) The inability to fully exploit the high
wind potential of the islands, due to
technical problems working with the
existing Dizeloilektrikous stathmous.Me
N.2773/99 for the liberalization of
electricity, maintaining the status of Law
2244/95, with adding that the designated
market prices RES and Cogeneration
regarded as the highest and can be
reduced by the authorization, by
decision of the Ministry of Development,
after consultation of the RAE. It also
provides that every RES bear
administrative charge, equal to a
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
percentage of sales attributable to the
energy and local authorities. (With MD at
2% of gross revenues). Finally,
N.2773/99 gives priority to absorb the
energy generated by APE, for them to
exploit to the fullest extent success, Is
the proper functioning of the electricity
system.
On 8/12/2000 the RAE was a call for
applications for production licenses on
the basis of the "Licensing Rules for
Production and Supply of Electric
Energy", adopted by the Development
Ministry at RAE's proposal, as defined in
Law 2773 / 99. In this invitation, the
response of investors was very good
and continues today. In the first column
of Table 1 below, indicating the number
of requests and the total power per
technology until 1/2/2003 Table 1.
Applications for authorization to produce
renewable energy projects up on
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
1.2.2003
Applications
Technology
RES
Number
Applications
Power
(MW)
Positive Opinion
RAE (*)
(MW)
Wind 862 14.206 3.046
Small power / ktrika 368 824 364
PV 17 7.3 2.2
Biomass 35 350 107.6
Geothermal 6 335 8
Total 1.288 15.722 3.528
(*) 1.2.2003
The evaluation of all applications
submitted by 1.2.2003, the RAE was the
technical assistance of CRES. The
process and evaluation criteria specified
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
in Regulation Licensing. Based on the
criteria of Article 9 of the Rules of
Licensing
Production and Procurement, and as
defined in Article 3 of N.2773/99,
referred to the feasibility of energy
projects, prepared by the RAE 'Guide to
Assessment Application electricity from
renewables and small CHP. Full text
"Guide" is published on the website of
the RAE. Detailing all the evaluation
methodology, which ensures a
transparent, objective and equitable
treatment of all applications.
The evaluation results, to appear on
1.2.2003 in the last column of Table 1.
and further, by region, Table 2. It
includes the assessment of applications
involving the southern Laconia, which
has a very high wind
potential. The reason for the
postponement of the evaluation was that
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
because of the large number of
applications received, it was necessary
to precede appropriate spatial
arrangement to minimize environmental
impact and reduced the reasonable
reaction
residents. Table 2. RES projects
licensed by Region
Wind REGION
Minor
Power / camera
Geothermal
a Biomass PV TOTAL
POWER (MW) 339,15 2,75 0 9,5 0
351,4
PLITHOS 24 2 0 1 0 27
POWER (MW) 139,6 0,87 0 35,38 0
175,85
PLITHOS 11 2 0 4 0 17
POWER (MW) 23,98 0 8 0 0,01 31,99
PLITHOS 22 0 1 0 1 24
POWER (MW) 141,2 64,14 0 0,9 0
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
206,24
PLITHOS 6 32 0 1 0 39
POWER (MW) 0 29,04 0 0,37 0 29,41
PLITHOS 0 0 14 1 0 15
POWER (MW) 87 109,24 0 16,09 0
212,33
PLITHOS 3 32 0 2 0 37
POWER (MW) 90,95 40,45 0 2,07 0
133,47
PLITHOS 5 22 0 2 0 29
POWER (MW) 72,2 33,7 0 12,38 0,6
118,88
PLITHOS 5 32 0 3 2 42
POWER (MW) 126,7 0,65 0 5,42 0,89
133,66
PLITHOS 23 1 0 1 8 33
POWER (MW) 51,3 0 0 5,42 0 56,72
PLITHOS 3 0 0 2 0 5
POWER (MW) 172,5 0 0 0,5 0 173
PLITHOS 42 0 0 1 0 43
POWER (MW) 477,4 17,56 0 19,54 0,5
515
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
PLITHOS 29 9 0 4 2 44
POWER (MW) 1324,1 65,98 0 0 0
1390,08
PLITHOS 90 32 0 0 0 122
POWER (MW) 3046,1 364,38 8 107,57
2 3528,03
PLITHOS 263 178 1 22 13 477
EASTERN MACEDONIA
ATTICA
NORTH AEGEAN
WESTERN GREECE
WEST MACEDONIA
Epirus
Thessaly
CENTRAL MACEDONIA
CENTRAL GREECE
TOTAL
CRETE
IONIAN
SOUTH AEGEAN
Peloponnese
In Article 2 of Law 2941/2001 provides
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
for the creation of "Special Framework
for Spatial Planning and Sustainable
Development" for renewables within
protected areas and also provides that
until the adoption of this, the
arrangement will be made after
consulting the Division
Planning and Public Works. Under the
above arrangements and in collaboration
with relevant state and regional
authorities, sought to minimize the
problems caused by the use of energy
sources renewable energy in general
and specifically in the areas identified a
large concentration of projects. He has
also been approved by the Ministry of
Development, following a positive
opinion of RAE Study Development
System Operators (MASM), prepared by
the Hellenic Transmission System
Operator. In this
for major projects to strengthen the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
electricity system for the next five years,
many of which will contribute
significantly to the absorption of energy
from renewables. According to a study of
the Hellenic Transmission System
Operator, the network infrastructure
created will
Additional features links RES stations
mainly in Evia, eastern Macedonia and
Thrace and the southern Peloponnese
(Lakonia). The additional possibility of
Evia network to connect new wind farms
is estimated at 530 MW (including the
islands
1 3 Cycladic interconnected with the
continental system), while Laconia at
400 MW. Also, the planned expansion of
the system to Turkey, the level of 400 kV
will allow for significant absorption of
wind power in the region of Thrace. The
RAE has a favorable opinion and the
Ministry of Development has issued
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
production licenses for 230 MW of wind
power plants in the region, who will be
able to connect after the extension of the
system. With the creation of such
infrastructure can be exploited
long the current major energy source
renewable energy that exists in these
areas. Regarding the impact on the
commitment of land to install wind farms
to the above upper limits on worst case
of N. Evia showing the
higher density, refers to good yptoun
than 1% barren (grass mostly) of the
total land surface, without even having to
commit the most part the use of land
cover. (This assessment is the
consideration that the wind
parks consist of wind turbines occupying
an area of 200 meters in diameter each).
In other parts of Greece density is
relatively small. Specifically, the first
column of Table 3 shows that every
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
partition of the country distribution of
approved projects already authorized to
establish or so and are in operation or
under construction. On the next show
wind farms which have expressed a
positive opinion of RAE (until 1.2.2003).
Table 3. Wind (*)
AREA
Licensed
Installation
or Operation
(MW)
Only
License
Production or
Positive Opinion
RAE (MW)
Total
Licensor
During transportation
the
12/2/2003
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
(MW)
Licensed
Projects
estimated
will be
(MW)
On estimated
Additional
Features
Until
2010 (MW)
Total in
Operation
2010
(MW)
Estimated
Yearly
Production
2010
(GWh)
Thrace 106 233 339 233 100 439 1077
MACEDONIA 0 0 72 72 72 72 164
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
EPIRUS 0 0 87 87 20 20 35
THESSALIA 0 0 91 91 70 70 123
CRETE 80 46 127 46 50 176 525
NISIA 66 131 196 131 30 227 714
F. GREECE (EXCEPT Evia) 2 449 452
200 100 302 689
Peloponnese (EXCEPT LAKONIAS) 40
319 359 100 100 240 589
WESTERN GREECE 1 191 193 130 50
181 381
Evia-Andros-Tinos 238 634 873 634 0
872 2674
LACONIA 29 89 118 50 50 129 338
ATTICA 0 140 140 140 0 140 319
SYNOLA 563 2483 3046 1826 480 2869
7629
(*) To 1/2/2003
Certainly a significant number of
applications that have been licensed for
production is certain to be carried out for
various reasons, as shown in the fourth
and fifth column of Table 3. It is
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
estimated that over 60% of these
projects will be undertaken or
that new applications submitted within
the next few years will replace that part
of already approved projects will not be
made by choosing the most appropriate
job, due to better knowledge of the
available wind resources and
overall experience already acquired.
Given the pace at which they continue to
apply for license production of
renewable energy projects and other
exploitable resources estimated by
region of the country, in the sixth column
of Table 3 includes additional power per
area is estimated to be installed by 2010
under certain conditions, of course,
referred to in paragraph 6. Finally, the
last column of Table 3 includes
similar effects can be produced, taking
into account wind conditions by region.
Table 4 gives the corresponding
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
information to the right on Small Hydro,
which is the second largest source of
renewable energy. Table 4. Small Hydro
(*)
AREA
Licensed
Installation
or Operation
(MW)
Only
License
Production
Positive or
Opinion RAE
(MW)
Total
Licensor
During transportation
the
12/2/2003
(MW)
Licensed
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Projects
estimated
will be
(MW)
On estimated
Additional
Features
By
2010 (MW)
Total in
Operation
2010
(MW)
Estimated
Yearly
Production
2010
(GWh)
THESSALIA 16 24 40 15 5 36 111
Macedonia-Thrace 24 41 65 20 10 54
166
Epirus 18 91 109 50 10 78 240
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
CRETE 0 1 1 1 0 1 3
F. GREECE 19 47 66 30 15 64 196
PELOPONNESE 1 5 17 18 10 16 49
WESTERN GREECE 6 58 64 30 15 51
157
ATTICA 1 0 1 0 0 1 2
SYNOLA 86 279 364 156 60 302 924
(*) To 1/2/2003
The biomass plant for which it expressed
positive opinion of the RAE amounts to
108 MW around the entire 350 MW
submitted. The reasons for rejecting the
proposals were mainly the failure to
obtain the raw material. Most of those at
expressed a positive opinion of RAE
were exploiting the existing landfill gas
and agricultural waste. The other
renewable energy technologies is
estimated that it could contribute
substantially in
next few years specifically, photovoltaic
technology is tried and true penetrate
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the electricity production on a limited
scale, but remains unprofitable
investment because of high compared
with wind and small hydropower, the
cost of their acquisition. Substantial
penetration of PV system output requires
strong support or subsidize the high
investment (eg in the range of 80-90% of

cost of establishment) or by subsidizing


the energy produced by them (in price
levels from the current seven times for
renewables). Admittedly, the estimated
amount of their payments should take
into account the benefits for the
electricity system on account of
distributed generation, particularly for
small solar installations in residential and
industrial buildings, so the production is
right on consumption other hand the fact
that the maximum production coincides
with peak demand for electricity and has
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
relatively small fluctuations.
The possibility of producing electricity
from geothermal energy is mainly
located on the islands of Milos, Nisyros
and lesbians. By applying modern
technology in the extraction of
geothermal fluid, which can avoid
adverse environmental impacts, and the
interconnection of islands adjacent to
them (or the mainland) with underwater
cables, it is estimated that it would be
possible to use this energy source in the
near future. The economic viability of
these facilities with the current system
requires a deeper examination to be
made by the RAE, in a general
examination of the optimal
how power island groups, such as the
Cyclades, in cooperation with local
bodies and government authorities.
Summarizing the foregoing the following
for all projects RES in operation or under
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
construction: 675 MW with a favorable
opinion of RAE (1/2/2003): 3.528 MW
total installed year 2010: 3.500 MW
The energy generated from these
projects in 2010 is estimated at about
8800 GWh. In 2010 estimated that the
country's needs will require a total power
generation 76000 GWh. So according to
these estimates produced from
renewable electricity will be a rate equal
to 11.6% overall.
Considering that the percentage of
energy produced by large hydroelectric
plants in 2010 and remained at the same
current levels, ie around 7 to 8%, the
target of 20.1% set by "Directive
2001/77" by the European Parliament,
cited in paragraph 3, it seems possible, if
indeed obtain some
conditions set out in the next paragraph.
Chart 3 shows the possible development
of wind generation capacity, which will
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
remain the main renewable source by
2010.
Figure 3. Outlook for wind turbines in the
Greek area
Wind Development in Greece
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
MW
Installed Under Construction Forecast
Year 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
MW 4 19 26 27 28 28 28 40 109 214
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
260 272 418 568 800 1500 2100 2500
2700 2873
However, already expressed some
reservations about the achievement of
its objective and whether in fact the
growth rate of these sources in Greece,
such as shown in Figure 3, is expected.
The uncertainty stems from the rate of
establishment of projects in Greece,
which last two years is not very
encouraging. Table 5 shows the in
construction and operation of RES
projects in Greece in early 2003
(1.2.2003). The overall effect of these is,
as mentioned above, 675 MW, which
does not differ significantly from power in
late 2001 (~ 520 MW) and of course a
very small percentage of the total
licensed RES power (3528 MW). The
problems that hinder the rapid
development of RES projects in Greece
continue to be the ones mentioned:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
lengthy licensing process, unable to
execute works to strengthen the network
connections, non-acceptance of RES
projects in some - very few - areas
country. The licensing process is
lengthy, except that it has become a
tedious and sometimes exhaustive
process. The time required to complete
the licensing process is on average two
and a half years. This contributes to the
large
number of players who should give their
approval, and that many of them to
evaluate their part can not be routed
simultaneously. Moreover, given the
large number of projects the first year of
release, scrum projects to examine the
relevant departments. Clearly there is a
need to simplify the licensing process.
Table 5. RES projects in operation or
under construction in and around the
country
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
SA 0.63 SA 12.95
AL AL 24.96 9.35
AL
(2003) AL (2003) 0.45
AU 1.2 0.95 0.9 9.32 AU
AL 5.32 AL 6.98
AL
(2003) 0.9 AL (2003) 1.2
AU 69.06 AU 9.43
AL 1 AL 17.54
AL
(2003) AL (2003) 8.83
SA SA 15.44 12.96 0.5
AL AL 67.35 2.72 0.17
AL
(2003) 1.94 AL (2003) 8.34 0.33
SA 2.4 18.1
AL AU 0.98 44.66 0 0.5 0
AL
(2003) 0.6 3.56 0 0.17 AL 101.215 0
SA AL (2003) 18.82 0.33 0 0
AL
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
AL
(2003)
AU 106.2
AL Legend
AL
(2003) 100.2 AU: Under Construction
(licensed establishment)
SA AL 19.13 0.4: Operating (authorized)
AL 4.93 AL (2003): Estimated
membership in 2003
AL
(2003) 6.2
AU 14.95
AL 1.35
AL
(2003) 5.6
AU _____________67 2
AL 170.95
AL
(2003) 27
AU
AL
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
AL
(2003)
AU 246.06 69.2 0.4 0.9
AL 170.95 24.96 16.3 0
AL
(2003) 127.8 17.3 0 0.9
Interconnected System NON
Interconnected System
WIND
PARKS MYIE
FOTOVO
LTAIKA BIOMASS
WIND
PARKS MYIE
FOTOVO
LTAIKA BIOMASS
ATTICA DODECANESE
WEST
GREECE CYCLADES
Peloponnese
NORTH ISLAND
AEGEAN
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Crete Epirus
STERAS
Greece
TOTALS
WEST
MACEDONIA
EAST
MACEDONIA -
Thrace
TOTALS
CENTRAL
MACEDONIA
Thessaly
EVIA
IONIAN
The implementation of planned projects
to strengthen the system and the smaller
projects connecting to the network of
stations is a major constraint to the
development of renewables. It
impossible to project implementation by
the PPC, mainly because
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the large number and size of these
projects compared to the corresponding
work of previous years.
Finally, although the acceptance of
renewable energy in most parts of the
country are given in some parts of the
Greek territory caused public reaction to
the installation of renewable energy
plants (wind and small hydropower) due
to environmental pollution in the
construction of the project entails. An
example is the southern Laconia, where
the wind potential is extremely high and
could be an important energy source for
the country. Addressing these problems
in the near future by the Greek state and
a fuller awareness of the benefits of
renewable energy could help achieve
the goal of "instructions." It will provide
an opportunity for significant capital
investment and employment in the
energy sector, as shown in Table 6.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Table 6. The share of renewables in total
expected investment in the energy
sector in Greece
Direct Investment in Energy (in
mil 2001)
Expected
Investments
by 2005
Expected
Investments
2005 - 2010
Power Plant
- Private Natural Gas Units 1200 1320
- Investment PPC - Production 1050
1000
- Private Hydroelectric Projects 100 350
- Renewable Energy 950 1500
Total plants 3300 4170
Electricity Networks
- Transfer 450 800
- Distribution 1750 2500
Total Power _________Diktyon 2200
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
3300
Natural gas
350 800 Distribution of Cities
Infrastructure System Pipe 160 500
Total Gas System 510 1300
Other energy sector projects 450 750
GRAND TOTAL 6460 9520
A key prerequisite for the development
of renewable energy is economically
viable investment. Unless there are
dramatic reductions in the costs of
renewable energy projects as provided
for at least the next few years, and
correspondingly large increase
the cost of conventional sources of
production, it is necessary to continue in
various ways to strengthen them. The
target for large-scale penetration of
renewables requires activation of
appropriate financial tools that should
satisfy at least the following:
1. To have a lasting and stable nature in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
order to facilitate bank financing of
projects.
2. Be compatible with market
mechanisms of the liberalized electricity
market and avoid distortions of
competition
3. Integrate external market costs that
are required to meet such a way that
reflects the desire of payment
(willingness to pay) for consumers to
minimize the loss of total welfare
4. Be cost effective to maximize
efficiency in renewable energy at the
lowest possible cost. Referring
specifically to the wind, which now
represents the main output of RES, we
note the following regarding the
economic viability and options for their
support:
_ Noted initially that the output of wind
energy depends strongly on wind speed.
Thus, based on current market price of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
energy produced with renewable energy,
and if the investor has received a grant
equal to 30% of the cost of installation of
the wind farm (as defined by the
Operational Programme for Energy
CSF), estimated that because of
sustainability investment is necessary
that the average annual speed of
installation location must be at least 6
meters per second. The limit is on the
"Evaluation Guide" of
RAE and applied in the assessment of
wind farms have so far been licensed.
_ In order to create investor interest, but
without the capital subsidy of 30% has
an average annual wind speed at the
installation position of the wind farm be
more than 7 to 7.5 meters per second.
There are a number of such projects,
and in areas of high wind potential for
which the RAE would soon give positive
advice.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
_ Especially for non-interconnected
islands, which require special design to
maximize wind power absorption from
the small island grid systems while
ensuring the financial viability of
projects, the RAE since raised the issue
of public consultation resulted in the
formation of a transparent and impartial
licensing process and operation of wind
power stations in such systems (see
Annex I).
_ Under the Operational Programme for
Competitiveness (OP), which
financed by the CSF, for the grant of
RES projects
and energy savings, worth 360 billion.
Most of them
related to RES and, moreover, possible
grant from the Developmental
Law. It is estimated that renewable
energy projects power around 800 MW
can be subsidized in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
under the above programs, until the end
of 2006.
_ Furthermore for the subsidy, 50% of
the cost of electricity networks
that need to be built to connect the EIA
System.
_ In order to achieve the objective stated
in the previous paragraph, a part of
renewables projects should be built
without subsidy. For these projects are
necessary to implement new financial
support mechanisms that should meet
the four criteria mentioned above. One
of the candidates to consider financial
support mechanisms for RES shampoo
designed properly can meet the four
criteria are trading green
certificates. These certificates certify the
origin of electricity from renewables. The
regulatory policy is to impose on all
electricity suppliers to keep a minimum
number of green certificates in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
proportion to the total
electricity sales made. Suppliers pass on
the costs of holding such certificates to
their customers, depending on the
wishes of the last to be powered by
green energy, or the supplier is unable
vendor licenses in the secondary
market, either in the buyer. But certainly
this is part of a series of technical and
economic problems to be faced in trying
to promote renewable energies, which
are screened internationally in recent
years.
As stated in the distributed generation is
changing the way the operation of
existing power systems, designed on the
basis of accumulated production. Since
electricity production must at all times
just to cover the demand, it is necessary
to continuously control the sources of
production, which is complex when the
number of sources is large and when
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
many of them are not controlled rate The
production using new technologies of
transmission and information processing
and control system enables to deal with
these problems but of course greatly
increases the
cost of distributed electricity to
consumers. Furthermore, the
implementation of the above in the
deregulated electricity market requires a
system of pricing and evaluation of
various techniques and capabilities,
while
the operation of conventional sources in
order to achieve the best outcome for
consumers. RAE examines these issues
while integrating the experience gained
internationally, taking into account the
directives of European Union and the
country's commitments to contribute as
fully as possible in developing an
operational framework of the Greek
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
electricity market. Already the issue of
linking large distributed generation from
renewables in the network is a major
chapter of Code Network, which
developed by the RAE in collaboration
with the Network Manager. There will be
dealt with connectivity issues, operation
and pricing of this production.
Equally important prerequisites for the
development of renewable energy is the
appropriate spatial arrangements, which
together with the information society will
lead to the favorable acceptance of RES
from the public, as well as creating the
necessary infrastructure to connect
in the system. On these infrastructures,
RAE prepares draft law to recommend to
the Minister for Development and the
expropriation process for the
manufacture of high-voltage grids. The
predictions of this law will ensure rapid
acceleration of the expropriation process
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
that projects a large network of national
importance, such as renewable energy
in Evia, a large network project for
Eastern Macedonia and Thrace, but also
works on the islands can be made in
much shorter period than that calculated
by the PPC with the current
data. Finally, the RAE and exploited the
relevant provisions of the Code
Administration has standardized and has
given appropriate instructions to HTSO
the procedural manner in which will be
financed and engyodotithoun expansion
works of high-voltage grids
needed for renewables. In conclusion,
the effects of RAE times are as follows:
1. Notice the positive opinions of the
RAE for production licenses in southern
Laconia
and other applications which are already
being evaluated
2. Presentation of draft law on
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
expropriation of large networks of high
voltage National
importance
3. Complete the process of financing
and providing guarantees to investors
ANA to start as soon as the systems
work Euboea and Thrace (the project
Laconia and other renewable energy
projects are simpler).
4. Complete cooperation with Ministry
and Regions to address the land
question on the wind of southern
Laconia and Attica
5. Monitoring the progress of RES
projects in accordance with the quarterly
report cards, and clearing the registry
from projects that are either abandoned
or unduly delay the responsibility of
investors (the objective is not a
commitment positions by investors who
are not going projects)
6. Depending on the programming of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
each non-interconnected island notice
the extra power available for renewable
energy in the coming years
7. Timing of public consultation and a
complete solution for the exploitation of
geothermal
8. Completion of public consultation and
develop a proposal for development of
hybrid systems into larger ones (see
Annex II)
9. Proposal for further simplification of
the licensing process
10. Specific studies_ Green certificate
system
_ Distribution Network and Distributed
large-scale production
In recent months a characteristic
stagnation in the development of RES in
Greece. Entities involved in the planning
process for RES, including the Ministry
of Agriculture, creating enormous
problems in licensing station RES
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
result in undue delay or uncertainty in
the issuance of permits for the
construction of Ms. operation of plants,
leading to frustration for investors,
especially foreigners, who have already
withdrawn from the Greek market. In the
impasse, and have contributed to the
enormous delays and denials by the
PPC regarding the design and
construction projects to extend and
strengthen the electricity system in the
region of Thrace, Euboea and Laconia,
and small connecting sections of RES
projects. The RAE has already set up
working groups to thoroughly investigate
the situation and find appropriate and
effective measures to vgalounap
impasse is the development of RES
Greece.
Part 1: Composition of the Public
Consultation on RES Islands
Part 2: New procedure for licensing RES
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Islands
Part 3: Methods of calculating the limit of
penetration in non-RES
interconnected islands

_ETHNIKO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY


SCHOOL OF ELECTRICAL
ENGINEERING
AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
INDUSTRIAL AREA ELECTRICAL
PROVISIONS AND Dr systemic. Michael
Thomadakis Vice Duke of RAE
Key points of his speech at the
Conference
Energy: the new investment map "
The newspaper "Evening" Tuesday,
June 30, 2009
EVEA1. General reference to the Greek
energy market

The Greek energy market has entered a


critical period. There is a clear need to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
modernize and strengthen the
productive capacity in the country. At the
same time require considerable
strengthening and expansion of
transmission and distribution of
electricity in Greece, both to improve the
quality of electricity and for achieving the
ambitious and
binding target penetration of Renewable
Energy
in our energy balance. The recent
introduction of a new legal framework,
both for the European energy market
(3rd package) and for renewable energy
and gas trading
pollutants, represents new challenges
for all member states, and
of course, Greece and even in a time
when
many are not fully discharged its
obligations
arising from the "second package.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
2. The electricity market
(I) The energy market chondemporiki
The wholesale energy market is the
cornerstone
the adequacy of electricity supply in the
Country.
It is at this stage, together with the
safeguard mechanism
long-term effect, the only mechanisms
that can be
ensure the financing necessary for both
Greece investment in generation
capacity.
To ensure the smooth operation of the
wholesale
market in a transparent and fair, with
rules
enhance competition and ensure the
trust
participating in this is one of the main
concerns
the RAE, and the only way to ensure a
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
seamless
energy at the lowest possible cost.
I think it is necessary to redouble our
efforts
to provide all possible information to
participants
this, the monitoring of operating rules,
but
and behavior of participants in it, so that
large investment that has expressed
interest in
recent years in Greece from major
investment
groups to continue and intensify. I also
consider it necessary to strengthen the
mechanisms for operating the wholesale
market with the smooth operation of the
interconnections, especially the export
potential to broaden the scope of
Greek producers and suppliers, and to
accelerate
convergence process of the Greek
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
energy market that
the rest of Europe, to strengthen security
supply.
(Ii) The retail prices
The second major issue to be resolved
is
that the reform of retail prices.
It is known that the existing tariffs have
long
exhausted their design does not reflect
the
current costs in several categories of
consumer
present distortions and cross subsidies
between
different categories of consumption.
Separating the cost of tariffs in
regulated monopoly elements of
transmission, distribution, SGI
RES and end the competitive parts is
essential
importance. Also essential is the gradual
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
connecting the competitive part of the
final price
sale and production costs.
The current situation in production costs
and revenues
sale of electricity, is unique and should
not be
gone unrealized.
The decision of November 2007 the
Minister of Development
the supply tariffs, which, among other
things, establishes
existence of three regulatory period for
restructuring
supply tariffs, after which tariffs will
should cover the full cost of production,
transportation,
distribution, SGI and other charges
monopoly, raises the
sound basis for solving the problem.
The very recent decisions of the Minister
of Development,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
which determine the charging system
and network
and general interest charges by
consumer category is
a very important step.
There remains the redesign of the
competitive parts of
invoices and the corresponding link with
the cost
production, in order to complete such an
important goal of
complete reform of the electricity sales
price
energy to final consumers.
Hopefully, I assumed, that this step is
completed
soon. This would automatically achieve
basic objective of any market, that
coverage
demand at price less than production
costs,
transmission and distribution and create
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the conditions for
from this point onwards, sustainable
operation
competition both in terms of production,
and in
level of supply.
At the same time, it meant ensuring
funding
of Transportation Management and
Distribution for the necessary
investment in their respective networks.
(Iii) Networks
A third, extremely important, issue is that
of operating and
expansion of transmission and
distribution.
Without the necessary investments in
networks, it will never
feasible to achieve the necessary
investment in RES will enable the
absorb the expected production.
The interface of the non-interconnected
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
islands with the mainland
Greece is a strategic objective, but
both economically efficient. Could
help to build on the excellent wind
potential
their first phase and will reduce to zero,
some
time in the near future, the cost of SGI,
ensuring
ensuring the safety of the power islands.
Studies RAE has done shows that cost
reduction
SGI would have to repay the cost of
Career non-interconnected islands at a
time
no more than 8-10 years.
The smooth, transparent and smooth
operation of
Connections between Greece and
neighboring states is a factor
strengthening the security of the Country
and healthy
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
operation of the electricity market. I
believe that, despite
Recent positive steps in this direction in
Last year, there is considerable room for
improvement
long-term operation in accordance with
European
Regulations.
Finally, regarding the network, must be
restored
significant lack of an independent
Network Administrator
Distribution. RAE in the past but recently
has
welcome the statements of PPC
Management for the existence
a legally separated network operator,
both in
mainland Greece and the Islands. It is
an essential
step towards the smooth implementation
of the right
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
consumers' free choice of supplier.
3. The gas market
(I) Strategic use natural gas
Regardless of the ongoing debate on the
so-called
"Fuel mix" to power, one is
certain: The gas is a strategic fuel for
Electricity in Greece, respectively, the
area of
Power is strategic for the development
the Greek gas market.
It is obvious that progress in
liberalization
electricity should be accompanied with
the corresponding
developments in natural gas
(Ii) The completion of the institutional
framework
After the first phase of public
consultation in
Earlier this year, is currently in full swing
by
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
integration process of the proposals for
the RAE
Minister of Development for three very
important parts of
secondary legislation for natural gas.
These are:
• Ton Licensing Regulations, which
describes the
obligations of market participants in
physical
gas, particularly suppliers and
National Transmission System and VAT
Independent Systems VAT
• Ton of ESFA Management Code,
which describes
terms of user access to the System
Transportation and installation of LNG in
chickpeas,
and the process of extending the ESFA
way
providing mutual guarantees between
DESFA and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Users who request their respective
extensions, and
Finally,
• Supply Code Customers who describes
obligations of suppliers to supply
consumers. It is worth noting that under
the Act,
need not be licensed supplier or
Supply Code for Activation
Suppliers as early as December 2005
Recalled that already, since 2007, are
published
Tariffs for the use of the ESFA and
approved standards
Contract of Carriage, which allow the
use of
Transmission System for anyone who
wishes.
(Iii) The enhanced interest of investors
trans
Already there is fresh interest to
investors
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
what happens in the Greek gas market.
Large energy groups have expressed
interest
for the transit of gas through Greece and

almost all the neighboring countries of


Greece have
hold bilateral meetings on the future
supply their own networks of natural gas
through
Greece.
Our ambition is to complete the terms of
our proposals
Minister of Development, in collaboration
with market players
gas can be a starting point for creating a
truly modern and flexible system of
regional
marketing of natural gas for the region.
(Iv) developments in the region and the
role of
Greece
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
There is also no accident that Greece
has an important role
the design of the European Policy for the
formation of
'Southern Gas Corridor for the supply of
Europe of the regions of Central Asia
and the Middle
East. The existence of a proper
regulatory framework is
essential for achieving that goal.
4. Renewable Energy Sources
The motivation is more than adequate
and the investment interest
large
Currently completed by the RAE
assessment
applications for investment projects for
about 10,000 MW, of
which only 1,300 MW are in operation.
Also pending
to evaluate applications for a total
capacity of 34,000 MW on
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
(Details available on the website RAE).
Where a concerted effort is, therefore, to

process of implementing these projects.


Can exposure, be considered the most
difficult,
really complicated licensing procedure of
investment
RES, but I fear that this is only a small
part of
problem.
An important issue is the acceptance of
renewable energy investment
by local communities, which requires
systematic and
extensive information to local
communities and
through well-designed incentive in those
societies to
easier acceptance of renewable energy
investments.
But a more serious, and I think much
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
less known,
problem is the issue of investment
required to
Transportation networks and the
necessary investments
conventional capacity. Without these two
elements as
and try, we will not succeed in
Act aims RES we have undertaken.
And that requires investment of time and
thought, sound design
and analyzing the experience of other
countries. If you make the
redesign is required, I think in the near
future
results are much better than expected
and
enable the production of renewable
energy to become a for Greece
very profitable product for export.
Finally, to conclude my speech, I would
say that
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
today, providing incentives for renewable
energy in Greece has
rely on subsidized market prices of
energy. If not
provide adequate care to financial
incentives
RES to take seriously the costs and
maturity of each technology, the
implications for consumers
energy may prove to be unbearable.
Thank you for your attention.
S DECISION
Athens, 19/11/2007
Dr. Speech. Michalis Thomadakis
VICE B OF RAE
THE CONFERENCE OF ECONOMIA
BUSINESS TANK
"Competition where possible. Setting,
where necessary ... "
Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen,
I would like to thank the organizers of
this workshop for the invitation
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
and to convey the greetings of the
President of RAE Prof. Michael
Karamanos, sudden obligations which a
conference abroad prevented from being
with us today.
I would like to begin my speech today
with a very small back in the beginning
of the effort to liberalize the European
Union in 1987 by Act of the Single
European Market, which raised the
requirement of removing all economic
and technical barriers trade among
Member States of all goods, including
Energy. Energy, the implementation of
the above Act was the first Guidelines
for the Electricity and Gas (1996 and
1998 respectively) were replaced with
the newer (second box) Instructions 54
& 55 2003. This framework defines the
transition from the old monopoly
structure
market power in the new structure,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
based on three key
pillars: a) security of energy supply, b)
enhance
competition and c) protecting the
environment and all for
benefit of consumers. In these one must
add the need for sustainable energy
sector development (sustainability) and
the ever mounting need to protect the
environment (mechanism and
commitments to the goals of Kyoto). This
new context requires a new approach to
how to develop the energy sector:
• The traditional way of developing the
necessary infrastructure through
state aid and guarantees are not
compatible with the European
Law.
69 & University
Aeolus, 105 64 Athens
Tel: 210-3727400
Fax: 210-3255460
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
E-mail: info@rae.gr
Web: www.rae.gr
- 2 -
• To attract much-needed and very high
capital
necessary to building generation and
transmission
energy is extremely difficult to achieve
both national and
regional energy markets in transition and
as
existing regulatory framework and rules
of
deregulated market or under
development are not provided
confidence that investors will receive the
same treatment
and have the same opportunities as the
former monopolies.
• The "central planning" needs of the
energy system and
mainly plants and transport infrastructure
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
is not
is, now in the hands of old-integrated
business-
energy
• Governments, which have
responsibility for determining the
energy policies of each Member State
and to meet
proaneferthenton of targets (security of
supply, enhancing
competition, consumer protection and
environmental) are
simultaneously responsible for
demarcation of the objectives of energy
policy, the development of international
relations and energy
and the development and
implementation of an appropriate
regulatory framework
to achieve the above
This new framework requires the splitting
of the energy sector into two sub-sectors
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
which are of a different organization and
operation:
• In the field of network that is part of the
regulated monopoly
Market
• In the production and marketing of
energy, which is under
competition regime
The first area is the prime purpose of
energy regulation, while the second
sector is the prime object of regulating
competition. Of course, there is a very
important interface between the two
sectors, which-usually-complicate things,
which if not addressed properly by the
law can lead to problems in both areas.
The correct operation of this new
framework, based on some very basic
principles:
• The equal treatment of all market
participants
- 3 -
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
• The transparency and the provision of
third party access on equal terms to
Networks
• The avoidance of asymmetric
information and
• The failure of any abuse of dominant
market position
Securing those basic principles drove
the
restructuring the organizational
framework of the energy market with the
addition of two other very important and
necessary institutions: independent
transmission system operators and
independent Energy Regulators.
Individually, in both cases, mean
disengagement from the interests of
industry, either from the shareholders of
the competitive segments of the market,
the competitive business market. The
role of independent system must
function properly and extend its network
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
to meet the market needs and to provide
equal information and equal conditions
for access to all participants in it. The
minimum and essential role of the
regulator is first check that he is the
manager's role adequately, the other to
participate in shaping the rules of the
market and where it is necessary to
formulate these rules in order to
guarantee the basic principles
reported previously. An equally
important role of the regulator is to
ensure that such charges to use the
network first, to provide sufficient
incentives for operators to develop and
operate properly, the other to divide the
costs to consumers on fair and
transparent manner. However, the role
of the regulator is more important when
the market is early release. It is worth
noting that many times the market
liberalization is accompanied by-or part-
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
privatization of former monopolies. This
shows
the obvious risk of becoming consumers
and whoever entrants to the market
opening facing a private monopoly with
all this implies. The role of the Energy
Regulator and the Competition
Commission, and their cooperation in
these cases are those that can
determine the difference between
success or failure of the exercise. The
institutional framework should provide
the enhanced role of regulators in these
cases and provide all the necessary
powers to enable them to meet market
needs
What happens in practice
A. In the European Union
The course of liberalization of domestic
markets and, above all working towards
the integration of national energy
markets to the creation of single
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
European energy market is far behind
expectations. After two major studies
throughout Europe, the European
Commission concluded that urgent
action to improve the functioning of the
energy market in particular in three
areas:
1. Effective separation of networks and
the creation
truly independent system operators
2. Strengthening the role and
responsibilities of national
Energy Regulators
3. Creating the necessary institutional
changes for the cooperation
independent system operators and
independent
Regulators at supranational (pan) level
with a focus on
integrated development and coordinated
management of energy
infrastructures at European level
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
With the objectives and requirements
they agreed unanimously by all leaders
of member states and is already in full
swing strong and exciting consultation
on the final configuration of the so-called
'third package of directives for action "
B. In Greece
The liberalization of the electricity market
in Greece is already in its seventh year
of operation, and from 1 July 2007 all
Greek electricity consumers have the
right to choose their supplier. The gas
market is in the early stages of
liberalization and already the electricity
u960 covering about 75% of
consumption are the right choice of
provider, while the same right to acquire
and our industries within the next year.
At market level, the situation looks very
difficult: PPC controls more than 95% of
domestic production (excluding RES)
and covers more than 99.5% of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
domestic consumption. The energy
consumption in 2006 increased by 3%
while the peak in 2007 increased by
6.5%. These figures are projected to
remain the same for the coming years,
which
-
certainly raises serious issue of
adequacy of installed capacity
production, with needs that range to
about 400 MW per year.
The need to build new facilities and
attract new investors are
imperative. The need for healthy
competition in
Production is already understood by
everyone. Furthermore, the Greek
transport system needs strengthening
and expansion to meet these growing
needs, while the consequent operating
needs of national links of the Country. In
this grim context set in the Greek effort
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
liberalization of energy markets, there
are some outstanding examples of
change of the whole situation which, if
strengthened could be the turning point
to success in this effort:
1. The two existing schemes, namely the
daily Energy Market (IEP) and the
mechanism of Long-Term power
capacity, which were incorporated in the
Code Management System and
electricity trade proposals from the RAE,
we have begun to bear fruit: for the first
time since 2001 new requests for
production units have begun and are
submitted to the RAE, and some of the
incumbents of them had made important
steps in the construction of the units.
Critical for the overall project is to
establish trust in the way of forming
System Marginal Price, through full
transparency of rules and reliability of
the methodology of calculation. RAE
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
considers urgent need for market
reserves, which will complement the
energy market and the initiatives taken
soon.
2. Over the past few months there has
been significant
progress on the issue of accounting
separation, which was adopted by the
RAE and provides, among others, and
complete system of internal transactions
between
different activities of the PPC.
Simultaneously, published by PPC fully
separated economic fundamentals per
activity. In this way, there is now a very
solid basis for setting tariffs using the
transmission system and distribution
channels over time, which will enable fair
and transparent compensation for the
owner of the network, while offering an
opportunity to create the right conditions
to stimulate expansion of these
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
networks. If these are followed by the
successful conclusion of the major
initiatives of the Administration of PPC's
legal minimum separation of
transmission and distribution activities
from other activities of the Company,
then, we believe that it has reached an
extremely important step for better
operation
the Greek electricity market.
3. RAE is currently working on a study to
determine accurately the cost of
production, transmission and distribution
of electricity in order to identify the
distortions of existing tariffs, and to
consider first the restructuring, the other
to plan the management of any transition
period to phase implementation of any
new regulations are deemed necessary.
The study was considered adequate as
the structure of existing tariffs of
electricity becomes a season (60's)
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
where the conditions of the electricity
market (monopolistic market structure,
excess power from large-scale
investments PPC) was completely
different than today, where there is a
significant lack of power in the liberalized
market system. Already RAE opinion to
the Minister of Development for the full
liberalization of tariffs High
Voltage (for large industrial consumers).
The role of the RAE
Since its inception (June 2000) until
now, the RAE has played
active role in all developments relating to
the liberalization of energy market in
Greece. Although the current role is
largely advisory and not decisive, RAE
always tried interventions to accelerate
developments in the energy market in
the right direction. It is true that we did
not succeed in all cases, and decision
making, particularly on issues related to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
implementing legislation or in issues
relating to rules of
market, are laborious and long, allowing
many parties involved in this process,
duly or unauthorized, so who decides
(the current Minister of here) to be faced
with intractable dilemmas.
We believe and hope that the Greek
state will always looks RAE as a trusted
and objective advisor and supervisor of
the Greek energy market and will rely on
those responsi determined quantities
that will allow it to properly fulfill this role.

We believe and hope that participants in


the Greek energy market
Always looking to RAE for establishing
strict rules to those that would allow a
constructive presence and growth in
Greece and the Balkan region and for
objective and fair resolution of any
differences arising from
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
participation in the market. In conclusion
The process of liberalization of energy
markets in the European Union is a road
from which it is difficult if not impossible,
to return to a previous state. The
success of this effort is vital for all
Member States. The Greek energy
market is in transition. The distortions
across
production chain, transport and
electricity trading takes time and strong
will to overcome.
We need an adjustment period that will
be useful in
All (market participants, consumers,
political leadership, the Commission
Competition, transmission system
operators and distribution channels, and
RAE) to enhance the orderly workings of
the market and the consolidation of the
new framework is formed. But this period
should be a small and has an expiration
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
date, and, especially, should be
used correctly by all participants.
Otherwise, there is a clear risk that first
exposed the country against its
European
obligations and, secondly, not to allow
the implementation of those
reforms that are necessary for sustained
growth in the market is highly
competitive environment that formed
inside and outside the Greek borders.
We therefore have ripe conditions for the
transition and
it's time to make critical decisions about
what shall come forward.
__ Athens, 19/11/2007
Dr. Speech. Michalis Thomadakis
VICE B OF RAE
THE CONFERENCE OF ECONOMIA
BUSINESS TANK
"Competition where possible. Setting,
where necessary ... "
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen,
I would like to thank the organizers of
this workshop for the invitation and to
convey the greetings of the President of
RAE Prof. Michael Karamanos, sudden
obligations which a conference abroad
prevented from being with us today.
I would like to begin my speech today
with a very small back in the beginning
of the effort to liberalize the European
Union in 1987 by Act of the Single
European Market, which raised the
requirement of removing all economic
and technical barriers trade among
Member States of all goods, including
Energy. Energy, the implementation of
the above Act was the first Guidelines
for the Electricity and Gas (1996 and
1998 respectively) were replaced with
the newer (second box) Instructions 54
& 55 2003. This framework defines the
transition from the old monopoly
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
structure of the energy market in the
new structure, which rests on three
pillars: a) security of energy supply, b)
increased competition and c) protecting
the environment and all they benefit
consumers. In these one must add the
need for sustainable energy sector
development (sustainability) and the
ever mounting need to protect the
environment (mechanism and
commitments to the goals of Kyoto).
This new context requires a new
approach to how to develop the energy
sector:
• The traditional way of developing the
necessary infrastructure through
state aid and guarantees are not
compatible with the European
Law.
69 & University
Aeolus, 105 64 Athens
Tel: 210-3727400
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Fax: 210-3255460
E-mail: info@rae.gr
Web: www.rae.gr - 2 -
• To attract much-needed and very
high capital
necessary to building generation
and transmission
energy is extremely difficult to
achieve both national and
regional energy markets in transition
and as
existing regulatory framework and
rules of
deregulated market or under
development are not provided
confidence that investors will receive
the same treatment
and have the same opportunities as
the former monopolies.
• The "central planning" needs of the
energy system and
mainly plants and transport
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
infrastructure is not
is, now in the hands of old-
integrated business-
energy
• Governments, which have
responsibility for determining the
energy policies of each Member
State and to meet
proaneferthenton of targets (security
of supply, enhancing
competition, consumer protection
and environmental) are
simultaneously responsible for
demarcation of the objectives of
energy
policy, the development of
international relations and energy
and the development and
implementation of an appropriate
regulatory framework
to achieve the above
This new framework requires the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
splitting of the energy sector into two
sub-sectors
who are from different organization
and operation:
• In the field of network that is part of
the regulated monopoly
Market
• In the production and marketing of
energy, which is under
competition regime
The first area is the prime purpose
of energy regulation,
while the second sector the prime
object of the Regulators
Competition. Of course, there is a
very important interface between the
two
sectors, thus, often-complicated
things, which, if not
adequately handled by the law can
lead to malfunctions
in both areas.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The correct operation of this new
framework, based on some very
basic
principles:
• The equal treatment of all market
participants
- 3 -
• The transparency and the provision
of third party access on equal terms
to
Networks
• The avoidance of asymmetric
information and
• The failure of any abuse of
dominant market position
Securing those basic principles
drove the
restructuring the organizational
framework of the energy market by
adding
and two other very important and
necessary institutions: independent
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
transmission system operators and
independent regulators
Energy. Individually, in both cases,
mean disengagement from the
interests of industry, either from the
shareholders of the competitive
segments, or by the competitive
business market.
The role of the independent system
operator must be properly
operation and expand its network to
meet the needs of
market and provide equal
information and equal conditions of
access to
all participants in it.
The minimum and essential role of
the Regulatory Authority is firstly to
check
that he is the manager's role
adequately, the other to participate
in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
formation rules of the market, and
where necessary
to formulate these rules in order to
guarantee the basic principles
reported previously. An equally
important role of the regulator is
invoices must include the use of
networks to be given first
sufficient incentives for operators to
develop and function properly
the other may share the costs to
consumers in a fair
and transparent manner.
However, the role of the regulator is
more important when the market
early stage of release. It is worth
noting that many
times the market liberalization is
accompanied by partial-or full-
privatization of former monopolies.
This shows
the obvious risk of becoming
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
consumers and whoever entrants
to release to the market facing a
private monopoly with _________oti
involved. The role of the Energy
Regulator and the Commission
Competition and cooperation
between them in these cases is
those that can determine the
difference between success or
failure
of the exercise. The institutional
framework should provide enhanced

role of regulators in these cases and


give them all
necessary powers to enable them to
meet the needs of
market.
- 4 -
What happens in practice
A. In the European Union
The course of liberalization of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
domestic markets and, above all
working towards the
integration of national energy
markets to the creation of the Single
European energy market is far
behind expectations.
After two major studies throughout
Europe, the European
Commission concluded that urgent
action to improve
the functioning of the energy market
in particular in three areas:
1. Effective separation of networks
and the creation
truly independent system operators
2. Strengthening the role and
responsibilities of national
Energy Regulators
3. Creating the necessary
institutional changes for the
cooperation
independent system operators and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
independent
Regulators at supranational (pan)
level with a focus on
integrated development and
coordinated management of energy
infrastructures at European level
With the objectives and
requirements they agreed
unanimously by all leaders
Member states and is already in full
swing and very strong
interesting consultation on the final
configuration of the so-called 'third
package of directives for action "
B. In Greece
The liberalization of the electricity
market in Greece is already in its
seventh year of operation, and from
1 July 2007 all Greek electricity
consumers have the right to choose
their supplier. The gas market is in
the early stages of liberalization and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
already the electricity u960 covering
about 75% of consumption are the
right choice of provider, while the
same right to acquire and our
industries within the next year. At
market level, the situation looks very
difficult: PPC controls more than
95% of domestic production
(excluding RES) and covers more
than 99.5% of domestic
consumption. The energy
consumption in 2006 increased by
3% while the peak in 2007 increased
by 6.5%. These figures are
projected to remain the same for the
coming years, which certainly raises
a serious question of adequacy of
installed generation capacity, with
needs that range to about 400 MW
per year. The need to build new
facilities and attracting new investors
is crucial. The need for healthy
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
competition in generation has been
understood by all. Furthermore, the
Greek transport system needs
strengthening and expansion to
meet these growing needs, while the
consequent operating needs of
national links of the Country. In this
grim context set in the Greek
attempt at liberalization of energy
markets, there are some outstanding
examples of changing the whole
situation which, if strengthened
could be the turning point to success
in this effort:
1. The two existing schemes,
namely the daily Energy Market
(IEP) and the mechanism of Long-
Term power capacity, which were
incorporated in the Code
Management System and electricity
trade proposals from the RAE, we
have begun to bear fruit: for the first
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
time since 2001 new requests for
production units have begun and are
submitted to the RAE, and some of
the incumbents of them had made
important steps in the construction
of the units.
Critical for the overall project is to
establish trust in the way of forming
System Marginal Price,
through full transparency of rules
and reliability of the methodology of
calculation. RAE considers urgent
need for market reserves, which will
complement the energy market and
the initiatives taken soon.
2. Over the past few months there
has been significant
progress on the issue of accounting
separation, which was adopted by
the RAE and provides, among
others, and complete system of
internal transactions between the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
various activities of PPC.
Simultaneously, published by PPC
fully separated economic
fundamentals per activity. In this
way, there is now a very solid basis
for setting tariffs using the
transmission system and distribution
channels over time, which will
enable fair and transparent
compensation for the owner of the
network, while offering an
opportunity to create the right
conditions to stimulate expansion of
these networks. If these are followed
by the successful conclusion of the
major initiatives of the Administration

PPC for at least a legal separation of


transmission activities
and Distribution of the remaining
activities of the Company, then,
consider,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
that it has reached an extremely
important step for better operation
the Greek electricity market.
3. RAE is currently working on a
study to determine accurately the
cost of production, transmission and
distribution of electricity in order to
identify possible distortions of
existing tariffs, and to consider first
the restructuring, the other to plan
the management of any transition
period to phase implementation of
any new regulations are deemed
necessary. The study was
considered adequate as the
structure of existing tariffs of
electricity becomes a season (60's)
where the conditions of the
electricity market (monopolistic
market structure, excess power from
large-scale investments PPC) was
completely different than today,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
where there is a significant lack of
power in the liberalized market
system. Already RAE opinion to the
Minister of Development for the full
liberalization of tariffs High Voltage
(for large industrial consumers). The
role of the RAE
Since its inception (June 2000) until
now, the RAE has played
active role in all developments
relating to the liberalization of
energy market in Greece. Although
the current role is largely advisory
and not decisive, RAE always tried
interventions to accelerate
developments in the energy market
in the right direction. It is true that
we did not succeed in all cases, and
decision making, particularly on
issues related to implementing
legislation or in issues relating to
rules of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
market, are laborious and long,
allowing many parties involved
in this process, duly or unauthorized,
so who
act (the current Minister of here) is
to
faced with intractable dilemmas.
We therefore have ripe conditions
for the transition and
it's time to make critical decisions
about what shall come forward.
'
info@rae.gr, WEB: www.rae.gr

REPORT OF RAE A N D C O N T I
M E S SOURCES
N E S P E C I A T (A P E) ATHENS
MAY 2002
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. DEVELOPMENT OF
ELECTRICITY
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
SYSTEMS .................... 1
2. FORMS-RES
TECHNOLOGIES ............ 3
2.1. WIND
ENERGY ............................... 3
2.2. HYDROELECTRIC
ENERGY .................. 3
2.3. SOLAR
ENERGY ................................. 4
2.4.
BIOMASS .........................................
...... 4
2.5. GEOTHERMAL
ENERGY ........................ 5
2.6. KYPSELES
FUEL ............................ 5
3. COST OF PRODUCTION AND
GROWTH REQUIREMENTS OF
RES ....... 6
4. DEVELOPMENT OF THE RES IN
GREECE ........................... 9
5. CURRENT SITUATION AND
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
PERSPECTIVE .......... 11
6. EFFECTS OF RAE: FINANCIAL
SUPPORT OF RES ...... 17

1. The ANAPTYXX SYSTIMATT S


OR ELECTRICITY
11 .. The AANNAAPTTYYXI
TTOONN SSYYSSTTIMAATOONN
ILLEEKKTTRRIIKKISS
ENNEERRNGEEIIAASS
Since early last century when they
began the applications of electricity
until the early 10 years of 70, there
is an ongoing international
concentration of production in ever
larger "Power Stations", while
development of transmission and
distribution systems with ever larger
trends, such the rapid growth of
electricity demand, Sch 1. This
happened in our country to develop
the National System of Public
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Electricity Power Corporation (PPC),
which during the period 1956-63
(about) purchased approximately
300 electricity companies supplying
it to electricity with small local
networks.
Distribution System Operators Heat
hydropower station Production
Systems Links Other renewables or
CHP Substation Transmission
Distribution Substation
consumptions
Figure 1. System Power
But in the wake of "oil shocks" of 10-
years old of 70, became
international awareness of the need
for better use of energy, first in order
to better exploit the energy
resources deployed and, secondly,
to limit environmental pollution. Then
began the international search for
Alternative Energy Sources
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
to compensate for conventional
sources such as coal and oil and
nuclear energy, which of course has
known problems. Also started an
effort to save and generally better
and more efficient energy use.
These factors contributed decisively
to the development first of
Renewable Energy Sources (RES)
and then to the development of
Combined Heat and Power (CHP).
A key advantage of renewable
energy over conventional sources
that are renewed by nature and do
not cause air pollution. But the rate
at which energy is supplied by
renewable energy is controlled so
that the electricity to be provided
when necessary human needs. This
coupled with the fact that electricity
is difficult to store large quantities,
leading to the need to connect
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
renewable energy to the grid and
parallel operation of the electricity
system. Given that for technological
reasons, the ANA units are low
power, compared with conventional
units, are generally at the
distribution network Fig.1.
For CHP systems, the main
advantage is that a better use of
primary energy source, since it
exploited and thermal energy, which
inevitably produced during the
process of converting primary
energy into electricity. It is also clear
that the strength of CHP plants, as
they serve local needs (eg a
hospital) is relatively small and
therefore the power plant is normally
such as renewable energies, the
distribution network , Fig.1. Primary
energy in cogeneration plants, are
often natural gas, which is known as
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
a distributed manner similar to
electricity. But there are other
sources such as biogas or biomass,
the use of which may serve other
purposes (eg exemption from
waste).
The connection of renewables and
CHP systems, achieved the
"distributed generation" of electricity,
namely the production of energy
close to consumption, thereby
reducing the load and loss of
transmission and distribution. In any
case, the distributed generation,
mainly because of difficulties in
monitoring and adjusting production
to demand, creating the need for
appropriate adjustments for
electrical energy which is to ensure
the proper functioning and therefore
a good consumer service.
. FORMS TECHNOLOGIES-RES
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
22 - AA .. IP
MOOTTRREEFCHCHEENNSS
OOLLOONGIIEESS
The forms of renewable energy
currently exploitable
technoeconomically are:
2.1. Wind Energy
The kinetic energy of wind converted
first into mechanical and then into
electricity through "wind, Fig.2. The
wind turbine technology has shown
considerable development in recent
years, with a corresponding
reduction in production costs of
energy produced. Today's
"commercial size" wind turbines is
the size that presents the best cost-
benefit range from 600 to 1500 KW.
But in the process of testing wind
turbines operate until 3000 KW, are
designed not exceeding 5000 KW.
Figure 2. Wind Production Station
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Cost reduction is achieved by
installing more wind turbines in the
same position, so we formed "wind
farms", typically the total force up to
40 MW. The main disadvantage of
wind turbines is the visual changes
made to the environment, while the
other, eg noise is easily handled by
the appropriate choice of plant
location. Note finally that the output
from a wind power increases with
the cube near the wind speed and
therefore the appropriate choice of
plant location is essential for the
efficiency of investment.
2.2. Hydroelectricity
It is a renewable form of energy that
was used by the first steps in
developing the electrical
applications, particularly the
construction of dams and water
reservoirs to create large rivers Fig.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
3 (a). In recent years, but rapidly
growing technique of 'Small Hydro'
Figure 3 (b) power to 10 MW, which
are installed in relatively small
streams and have limited impact on
the environment, they involve merely
an abstraction, a line pressure and
Pumpjet. Essential for both the
return on investment and the impact
on the environment is the choice of
location and the overall design of the
project.
(A) (b)
Figure 3. Large (a) and Small (b)
hydroelectric project
2.3. Solar Energy
Using the direct conversion of
electricity through the "photovoltaic
cells", presents the most
advantages. Their only drawback is
that they require the allocation of
large areas for installation and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
especially the high acquisition cost.
Very efficient, given current costs as
direct use of solar energy for water
heating or heating (or cooling) sites.
Figure 4. Photovoltaic Production
Station on the roof of a house
2.4. Biomass
The term implies all kinds of waste
products and natural, animal,
forestry and fisheries production,
before or after their industrial
processing and municipal
wastewater and waste. The
exploitation is not working (direct
incineration) or with various
thermochemical (eg pyrolysis,
gasification) or biochemical
processes (eg aerobic fermentation).
Better suited to meet the needs heat
in agricultural applications, where
available raw material and / or
district towns, while electricity
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
energy. Especially interesting is the
energy recovery of waste.
Essential for efficiency often
required significant investment and
environmental impact in the region
are to secure the raw material (in
quality and quantity) and the
technology to be implemented2.5.
Geothermal energy
Depending on the temperature of
geothermal fluid obtained by drilling,
is divided into "low" (25-1000 ° C),
"medium" (100-1500 ° C) and "high"
(over 1500 ° C) enthalpy. The
geothermal energy of low and
medium enthalpy find many
applications in the agricultural
industry and space heating and for
electricity generation offers high-
enthalpy.
The technology applied in
conjunction with the characteristics
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
of the geothermal fluid is a
determining factor for reducing
environmental impact. With the
return of fluid into the ground
immediately after use by a particular
drilling can be properly addressed
the environmental impact.
2.6. Fuel Cells
Their development is still at an
experimental stage, but there are
high hopes that the future will bring
a revolution in electricity generation
and transport, starting perhaps in
the decade. Operate using natural
gas or other gases and hydrogen
future, which is expected to be
obtained from the water with the
widespread use of renewable
energy
3. COST TOO GOGIS AND
CONDITIONS OF GROWTH RES
33 AA .. IP KKOOSSTTOOSS
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
PAARRANGOONGISS aanndd
PRROOUYPOOTHTHEESSEEIISS
AANNAAPTTYYXXISS TTOONN
As Figure 5 shows the evolution of
the indicative cost of producing
energy from different forms of RES,
and the cost of a modern production
plant of Natural Gas for comparison.
It is worth noting the considerable
reduction of production costs in
recent years, some particular types
of renewable energy over the past
20 years, mainly due to the evolution
of their technology, but to be
competitive with production costs of
conventional sources. Therefore, for
the further penetration of
renewables in the energy market is
currently at least necessary to
further support them.
Figure 5. Comparative presentation
of the production costs of renewable
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
energies with a corresponding cost
of conventional gas stations
From good will to the wider
development of renewable energy
such as says the above comparison
of the costs of RES and
conventional sources, which is
based on values "market" is not
correct because it does not take into
account the so-called "external costs
"which should be borne by
conventional sources. The "external
costs" reflects the additional costs to
be paid to the public from the
ravages of the environment (air, soil
and water resources) and human
health as a result of the use of
conventional energy sources and
nuclear energy, as well as disasters
caused by extreme weather events,
to the extent that they are a
consequence of the use of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
conventional sources.
In the same way operates the
system of fines under the Kyoto
Protocol for countries that do not
reach the defined goals in this limit
pollutants. It contends that the
technologies for conventional energy
sources, particularly nuclear were
subsidized during the stages of
development or indirectly subsidized
today.
Since the exact figures of the above
is impracticable, great importance is
the correct information for citizens to
accept the consequences of
development of renewables, which
are often readily apparent (eg, the
visual deterioration of the
environment by the installation of
wind turbines ), causing the reaction.
Moreover, as already
6
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
applied in some European countries,
public information designed to have
the desire to make a small additional
percentage of the cost of energy
consumed to compensate for the
additional costs of producing power
because of the penetration of RES,
as indicated below.
The development of renewable
energy is a key priority for the
European Union (EU), for
independence of energy supply and
environmental protection, and social
and economic cohesion. This is
reflected by its recent "Directive
2001 / 77" of the European
Parliament and Council, and the
commitments of the EU the "Kyoto
Protocol" to the environment. The
main points of the "Instructions" are:
a) calls on member states to set
specific targets for the percentage of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
total energy consumption and
electricity in particular, which will
come from renewables by 2010.
These rates should be consistent
with the overall aims of the EU, ie
12% of the total and 22.1% of
electricity. Also provides ease of
each member state targets for the
percentage of electricity
consumption. For Greece is 20.1%
(including large hydropower).
b) stipulates that member states can
currently only be set up measures of
renewables to achieve the aims,
which should be in accordance with
the principles of the internal
electricity market, taking into
account the characteristics of
different technologies that are
simple and effective and to provide
for transitional arrangements to
maintain the confidence of investors.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

c) stipulates that Member States


should review the licensing
procedures and administrative
arrangements to ensure
transparency and facilitate the
development of renewable energy.
d) stipulates that they should take
appropriate measures to give priority
to connecting renewables to the
electricity networks and calls upon
Member States to require the
System Operator and the Network
on regulations that will ensure
transparent connectivity and cost.
Note finally that the Directive defines
intervals within which Member
States must report the results from
the application of prescribed.
Measures to support renewable
energy used by Member States
include investment subsidies or tax
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
breaks, but the main support comes
from the direct support for energy
prices paid to producers of RES.
Measures to support prices to fall
into two main categories:
Fixed price schemes, � operating
notably in Germany and Spain,
which contributed significantly to the
rapid promotion of RES and our
country. Characterized by specific
energy price paid by electricity
companies to producers of RES.
The quota systems, which � apply
particularly to England, Ireland and
the Netherlands, with a small
contribution to the development of
renewables. Based on setting
energy prices through competition
among producers to support
renewable energy will become, after
the Government decides on the
desired amount of energy from
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
renewables. Implemented through
two main mechanisms:

(J) The green certificates: The RES


is sold at market prices, and to
finance the additional production
costs of renewable energy, all
consumers

7
required to obtain a certain amount
of energy ("green certificate") from
RES. For the supply of green
certificates developed a secondary
market for "green energy", while the
capital market from conventional
sources.
(Ii) Competition System: issued by
the state competitions for the supply
of RES, which goes to local
consumption in the price of the
competition. The additional costs of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
RES passed on to consumers
through a special fee.
The issue of selecting an
appropriate support system for
renewable energies in order to
achieve the desired increase in
production from RES, in a
competitive deregulated energy
market, without any significant
burden on consumers feel a strong
all Member States and regulators.
The complexity of the issue
increased by the fact that
renewables are distributed
generation, in many levels of the
power system and each different
form of renewable energy behavior,
and thus the determination of their
contributions and the assessment of
costs incurred in connection network
is not easy. End key is the level at
which each country is the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
development of RES:
From practice to date shows that
systems based on competition when
offered RES have already
developed some degree and not at
the stage of development. This is
because the conditions created in
the competition can be an obstacle
to the "off" them.

4. The ANAPTYXX OR RES IN


GREECE
44 .. The EIA AANNAAPTTYYXI
TTOONN AA SSLLTTLLIAANN
DDAA
The first effort was the development
of renewable energy with N.
1559/85, which was the possibility of
producing electricity from renewable
energy to homes and Local
Authorities (auto) up to three times
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the force of their facilities and sell
the excess to PPC . The contribution
of law to the development of
renewable energy was minimal due
to low market price of energy by the
PPC and complex licensing
procedures: in 1993 total operating
wind power 27 MW, of which only 3
MW owned by private individuals,
local authorities and OTE, and the
other in the PPC.
The actual start of the development
of renewable energy was the
N.2244/94, which has enabled the
production of electricity from
renewables and individuals for the
sole purpose of selling the energy
produced to electricity, and expand
the possibilities of auto production.
He also ruled on sufficient market
prices of energy sold to PPC and
ten-year term contracts. Alongside
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
established development incentives
(Business Plan Energy Development
Act, etc.), which included grants of
up costs of RES and cogeneration
that despite the obstacles because
of complex licensing procedures,
which could not be overcome,
significant progress in especially in
recent years. Chart 1 shows the
evolution of installed wind turbines in
the Greek area in Figure 2 and in
Europe and worldwide.
Figure 1. Evolution of installed wind
turbines in the Greek area
Changes in the Wind
Ellada050100150200250300350199
11992199319941995199619971998
199920002001MW

9
Figure 2. Evolution of installed wind
turbines in the EU and worldwide
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Significant contribution to the
development of renewable energy
was the establishment of the Center
for Renewable Energy Sources-
CRES, which continuously since
1989, founded participate actively in
all efforts to studies of the potential
of renewable energies (wind, small
hydropower development, etc.), the
performance of any kind of
measurement and certification,
technical assistance to private and
government institutions, such as the
Operational Energy Programme, etc.
Remarkable also was the
contribution of PPC to install the first
wind turbines, especially on islands,
and generally the extraction of raw
experience.
The main obstacles to greater
development of renewable energy
were:
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
a) The long and arduous licensing
procedures setup, mainly due to lack
of planning, the inadequate staffing
and training of relevant regional
agencies and the complexity and
ambiguity of existing regulations.
b) The need for substantial
expansion and strengthening of the
electricity network in areas with high
wind potential (eg N. Euboea,
Laconia)
c) Lack of land and general land use
planning, which combined with the
lack of knowledge among citizens
about the benefits of renewable
energy, and even failure from the
beginning of a compensation
provision that would satisfy the
needs of local communities, resulted
in reactions residents.
d) The inability to fully exploit the
high wind potential of the islands,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
due to technical problems with the
existing cooperation
Dizeloilektrikous stations

10
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
5. YF chief STATE CCA I
PERSPECTIVES
55 .. YYFIISSTTAAMEENNI
KKAATTAASSTTAASSI KKAII
PRROOOOPTTIIKKEESS
By N.2773/99 for the liberalization of
electricity, maintaining the status of Law
2244/95, adding that the designated
market prices RES and Cogeneration
regarded as the highest and can be
reduced by administration of License, by
decision of the Ministry of Development,
after consultation of the RAE. It also
provides that every RES bear
administrative charge, equal to a
percentage of sales attributable to the
energy and local authorities. (With MD at
2% of gross revenues). Finally,
N.2773/99 gives priority to absorb the
energy generated by APE to exploit to
the fullest extent permitted by the proper
functioning of the electricity system.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
On 8/12/2000 the RAE was a call for
applications for production licenses on
the basis of the "Licensing Rules for
Production and Supply of Electric
Energy", adopted by the Ministry of
Development after RAE's proposal, as
defined in Law 2773 / 99. In this
invitation, the response of investors was
very good and continues today. In the
first column of Table 1 below, indicating
the number of requests and the total
power per technology to 31.12.2001.
Table 1. Applications for authorization to
produce renewable energy projects up to
31.12.2001
Technology
RES Hits Positive Opinion RAE (*)
(MW)
Application Number Power
(MW)
Wind 696 11.325 1593
Small power / ktrika 255 629 289
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
PV 13 7 2.3
Biomass 33 361 87
Geothermal 6 335 -
Total 1.003 12.657 1.971

(*) 31.12.2001
The evaluation of all applications
submitted until 31.12.2001, made by the
RAE with the technical assistance of
CRES. The process and evaluation
criteria specified in Regulation Licensing.
Based on the criteria of Article 9 of the
Rules of Licensing of Production and
Procurement, and as defined in Article 3
of N.2773/99, referred to the feasibility of
energy projects, prepared by the RAE,
the "Guide for the Evaluation of
Applications for Electricity Production
from RES and CHP small. The full text of
the "Guide" is published on the website
of the RAE. Detailing all the evaluation
methodology, which ensures a
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
transparent, objective and equitable
treatment of all applications.
The evaluation results, to appear in the
next column of Table 1. It includes the
assessment of applications involving in
southern Evia Laconia, which have very
high wind potential. The reason for the
postponement of the first evaluation was
the need to carry out extensive support
network of high voltage electricity, which
will require a period of 4 to 5 years to
take place and, secondly, that because
of the large number of applications
received, it was necessary be preceded
by appropriate spatial arrangement to
minimize environmental impacts and to
avoid reasonable responses

1 1
residents.
In Article 2 of Law 2941/2001 provides
for the creation of "Special Framework
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
for Spatial Planning and Sustainable
Development" for renewables within
protected areas and also provides that
until the adoption of this, the
arrangement will be made after
consulting the Division of Planning
Ministry. Under the above arrangements
and in collaboration with relevant state
and regional authorities, sought to
minimize the problems caused by the
use of energy sources renewable energy
in general and specifically in the areas
mentioned above.
In parallel, the DEI proceeds to final
design of the necessary support
networks. According to a preliminary
study, which has already taken place,
the network infrastructure created will
allows connecting wind farms to the total
power 530 MW in Evia (including the
islands of the Cyclades to the mainland
interconnected system) and up to 400
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
MW in Laconia . Also, the planned
expansion of the system to Turkey, the
level of 400 kV will allow for significant
absorption of wind power in the region of
Thrace. The RAE has a favorable
opinion and the Ministry of Development
has issued production licenses for 230
MW of wind power plants in the region,
who will be able to connect after the
extension of the system. With the
creation of such infrastructure can be
used long term, the current major energy
source renewable energy that exists in
these areas.
Regarding the impact on the
commitment of land to install wind farms
to the above upper limits on worst case
of N. Evia showing the highest density of
states that cover more than 1% barren
(especially grassland) area of the total
surface, even without binding the most
part the use of land cover. (This
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
assessment is the view that wind farms
consisting of wind turbines occupying an
area of 200 meters in diameter each).
Specifically, the first column of Table 2
(a) shows the partition of the country by
sharing applications have been
authorized to establish or so and are in
operation or under construction. On the
next show wind farms which have
expressed a positive opinion of RAE
(until 31.12.2001).
Certainly a significant number of
applications that have been licensed for
production is not certain that there will
be for several reasons. But I new
applications submitted in the coming
years will be replaced by others of not
less total power by choosing the most
appropriate job, due to better knowledge
of the available wind resources and the
overall experience already acquired.
Given the pace at which they continue to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
apply for license production of
renewable energy projects and other
exploitable resources estimated by
region of the country, the third column of
Table 2 (a) is the power per area is
estimated to be installed by 2010,
however, under certain conditions set
out in paragraph 6. Finally, the last
column of Table 2 (a) is the
corresponding energy can be produced,
taking into account wind conditions by
region.

1 2
Table 2 (a). Wind (*)
Region subject to License Installation
and Operation (MW) By Permission of
favorable opinion RAE (MW) Sub-Total
(MW) on estimated Additional Features
Up to 2010 (MW) Total (MW) Estimated
Annual Production (GWh)
THRAKI762793551505051239MAKEDO
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
NIA04747150197449IPEIROS0001010K
RITI7255127100227677NISIA44110154
70224706ST.
ELLADA2174176150326743PELOPON
NISOS402482881204081002DYTIKI
ELLADA026265076161EFVOIA-
ANDROS-
TINOS248152633506131879LAKONIA2
996125150275723ATTIKI031311001312
99SYNOLA51210811593140029937894
18
Table 2 (b) given the relevant
information to the right on Small Hydro,
which is the second largest source of
renewable energy.
Table 2 (b). Small Hydro (*)
Region subject to License Installation
and Operation (MW) By Permission of
favorable opinion RAE (MW) Sub-Total
(MW) on estimated Additional Features
Up to 2010 (MW) Total (MW) Estimated
Annual Production (GWh)
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
THESSALIA21, 256,4127,665;
0032.6657 MAKEDONIA24,
2121,7545,9610,0055,9698 IPEIROS13,
9679,5093,4610,00103,46181 KRITI0,
600,651,250,001252 F. ELLADA27,
1340,3767,5015,0082,50145
PELOPONNISOS4,
7013,6818,385,0023,3841 WEST
ELLADA9, 1125,2334,3415,0049,3486
ATTIKI0, 630,240,870,000,872
SYNOLA101,
59187,82289,4160,00349,41612 (*) Up
31.12 .2001
The biomass plant for which it expressed
positive opinion of the RAE amounts to
around 87MW, the total 360MW
received. The reasons for rejecting the
proposals were mainly the failure to
obtain the raw material. Most of those for
which he expressed a positive opinion of
RAE were exploiting the existing landfill
gas and agricultural waste.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
The other renewable energy
technologies is estimated that it could
contribute substantially over the next few
years
In particular, photovoltaic technology is
tried and true penetrate the electricity to
a limited extent, but still inefficient
because of high investment compared
with wind and small hydroelectric their
cost. Substantial penetration of
photovoltaic generation system to
require strong support or subsidize the
high investment (eg in the range of 80-
90% of the cost of establishment) or by
subsidizing the energy produced from
them (price levels of times higher than
the present for renewables). Admittedly,
the estimated amount of their payments
should take into account the benefits for
the power system due to distributed
generation, particularly for small solar
installations in residential and industrial
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
buildings, so the production is right on
consumption and that the maximum
production coincides with the maximum

1 3

419262728282840109214298

electricity demand and has relatively


small fluctuations.
The possibility of producing electricity
from geothermal energy is mainly
located on the islands of Milos, Nisyros
and lesbians. By applying modern
technology in the extraction of
geothermal fluid, which can avoid
adverse environmental impacts, and the
interconnection of islands adjacent to
them (or the mainland) with submarine
cables, it is estimated that it would be
possible to use the energy that source in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the near future. The economic viability of
these facilities with the current system
requires a deeper examination will be
made by the RAE, in general the best
way to test electrical island groups, such
as the Cyclades, in cooperation with
local bodies and government authorities.

Summarizing the foregoing the following


for all RES projects:
In operation or under construction: 614
MW
With a favorable opinion of RAE
(31/12/2001): 1356 MW
Estimated additional, up to 2010: 1460
MW
FY 2010: 3430 MW

The energy generated from these


projects in 2010 is estimated at about
8800 GWh.
In 2010 estimated that the country's
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
needs will require a total power
generation 76000 GWh. So according to
these estimates produced from
renewable electricity will be a rate equal
to 11.6% overall.
Considering that the percentage of
energy produced by large hydroelectric
plants in 2010 and remained at the same
current levels, ie around 7 to 8%, the
target of 20.1% set by "Directive
2001/77" by the European Parliament,
cited in paragraph 3, it appears
achievable, provided that certain
conditions obtain, of course, referring to
the next section.
Chart 3 shows the possible development
of wind generation capacity, which will
remain the main renewable source by
2010.
Figure 3. Outlook for wind turbines in the
Greek area
Changes in the Wind
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Ellada050010001500200025003000350
01991199219931994199519961997199
81999200020012002200320042005200
62007200820092010MWEgkatestimeaY
po
KataskefiProvlepomenaEtos1991199219
93199419951996199719981999200020
01200220032004200520062007200820
092010MW35050010001300180021025
0027002873

1 4
RES projects licensed by Region
REGION Small Wind power / camera
Geothermal Biomass PV TOTAL
IF. Macedonia - Thrace POWER (MW)
339.15 0.75 0 9.5 0 349.40
PLITHOS 24 1 0 1 0 26
ATTICA POWER (MW) 31.2 0.87 0
35.38 0 67.45
PLITHOS 2 2 0 4 0 8
NORTH AEGEAN SEA POWER (MW)
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
22.5 0 0 0 0.01 22.51
PLITHOS 21 0 0 0 1 22
WEST GREEK POWER (MW) 140.2
34.34 0 0.9 0 175.44
PLITHOS 6 13 0 1 0 20
VALIDITY OF WESTERN MACEDONIA
(MW) 0 19.84 0 0 0 19.84
PLITHOS 0 0 9 0 0 9
Epirus POWER (MW) 0 95.31 0 16.09 0
111.40
PLITHOS 0 29 0 2 0 31
Thessaly POWER (MW) 90.95 28.28 0
2.07 0 121.30
PLITHOS 5 16 0 2 0 23
VALIDITY OF CENTRAL MACEDONIA
(MW) 47.2 27.23 0 12.38 0.6 87.41
PLITHOS 4 25 0 3 2 34
CRETE POWER (MW) 110.53 0.65 0
5.42 0.83 117.43
PLITHOS 23 1 0 1 7 32
IONIAN POWER (MW) 10.8 0 0 5.42 0
16.22
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
PLITHOS 2 0 0 2 0 4
SOUTH AEGEAN POWER (MW) 96.46
0 0 0.5 0 96.96
PLITHOS 35 0 0 1 0 36
PELOPONNISOU POWER (MW) 406.61
14.68 0 19.54 0.5 441.33
PLITHOS 25 7 0 4 2 38
GREECE CENTRAL POWER (MW)
514.5 58.72 0 0 0 573.22
PLITHOS 45 28 0 0 0 73
TOTAL POWER (MW) 1810.1 280.67 0
107.2 1.94 2199.91
PLITHOS 192 131 0 21 12 356

1 5
The share of renewables in total
expected investment in the energy
sector in Greece
Direct Investment in Energy (in million
Euro 2001) Expected investment by
2005 Expected investments from 2005
to 2010
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Power Plant
- Private Natural Gas Units 1200 1320
- Investment PPC - Production 1050
1000
- Private Hydroelectric Projects 100 350
- Renewable Energy 950 1500
Total plants 3300 4170
Electricity Networks
- Transfer 450 800
- Distribution 1750 2500
Total Network Power 2200 3300
Natural gas
Distribution of Cities 350 800
Infrastructure System Pipe 160 500
Total Gas System 510 1300
Other energy sector projects 450 750
GRAND TOTAL 6460 9520

Indicative allocation of investments by


type of renewable energy company
COMPANY TYPE POWER (MW)%
Local Authorities 90 6.02
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Foreign companies RES 312 20.84
Large Greek Companies 679 45.29
Small Greek RES 254 16.95
PPC and associates 83 5.56
Others (notably energy consumers) 80
5.34
TOTAL 1498 100
Source: RAE, October 9, 2001

1 6
6. EFFECTS OF RAE: FINANCIAL
SUPPORT OF RES
66 .. ENNEERRNGEEIIEESS TTISS PP
CR AAAAPEE:
OIITTKKIOORRNNIIOOXXMI IIKKTTI
OONN
A key prerequisite for the development
of renewable energy is economically
viable investment. Unless there are
dramatic reductions in the costs of
renewable energy projects as provided
for at least the next few years, and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
correspondingly large increase in the
cost of conventional sources of
production, it is necessary to continue in
various ways to strengthen them. The
target for large-scale penetration of
renewables requires activation of
appropriate financial tools that should
satisfy at least the following:
1. To have a lasting and stable nature in
order to facilitate bank financing of
projects.
2. Be compatible with market
mechanisms of the liberalized electricity
market and avoid distortions of
competition
3. Integrate external market costs that
are required to meet such a way that
reflects the desire of payment
(willingness to pay) for consumers to
minimize the loss of total welfare
4. Be cost effective to maximize
efficiency in renewable energy at the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
lowest possible cost.

Referring specifically to the wind, which


now represents the main output of RES,
we note the following regarding the
economic viability and options for their
support:
• Please note initially that the output from
wind energy is strongly dependent on
wind speed. Thus, based on current
market price of energy produced with
renewable energy, and if the investor
has received a grant equal to 30% of the
cost of installation of the wind farm (as
defined by the Operational Programme
for Energy CSF), the estimate for
sustainability investment is essential that
the average annual speed of installation
location must be at least 6 meters per
second. The limit is on the "Evaluation
Guide" of the RAE and applied in the
assessment of wind farms have so far
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
been licensed.
• In order to create investor interest, but
without the 30% capital subsidy should
an average annual speed of wind on the
installation position of the wind farm to
be greater from 7 to 7.5 meters per
second. There are a number of such
projects, and in areas of high wind
potential for which the RAE would soon
give positive advice.
• Under the Operational Programme for
Competitiveness (OP), funded by the
CSF, for the grant project RES and
energy savings, worth 360 billion. Most
of them relate to renewable energy and,
moreover, possible grant from the
Development Law. It is estimated that
renewable energy projects power around
800 MW could be subsidized under the
above programs, until the end of 2006.
• In addition, for subsidy, 50% of the cost
of electricity networks
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

1 7
that need to be built to connect the EIA
System.
• In order to achieve the objective stated
in the previous paragraph, a part of
renewables projects should be built
without subsidy. For these projects are
necessary to implement new financial
support mechanisms that should meet
the four criteria mentioned above.

One of the candidates to consider


financial support mechanisms for
renewable energy which, if properly
designed can meet the four criteria are
trading green certificates. These
certificates certify the origin of electricity
from renewables. The regulatory policy
is to impose on all electricity suppliers to
keep a minimum number of green
certificates in proportion to the total
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
electricity sales made. Suppliers pass on
the costs of holding such certificates to
their customers, depending on the
wishes of the last to be powered by
green energy supplier or the seller is
unable certificates in the secondary
market either in the buyer. But certainly
this is part of a series of technical and
economic problems to be faced in trying
to promote renewable energies, which
are screened internationally in recent
years.
As stated in distributed generation is
changing the way the operation of
existing power systems, designed on the
basis of accumulated production. Since
electricity production must at all times
just to cover the demand, it is necessary
to continuously control the sources of
production, which is complex when the
number of sources is large and when
many of them are not controlled rate
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
production.
The use of new technologies of
transmission and information processing
and control system enables to deal with
these problems but of course greatly
increases the cost of distributed
electricity to consumers. Furthermore,
the implementation of the above in the
deregulated electricity market requires a
system of pricing and evaluation of
various techniques and capabilities,
along with the operation of conventional
sources in order to achieve the best
outcome for consumers.
RAE examines these issues while
integrating the experience gained
internationally, taking into account the
directives of European Union and the
country's commitments to contribute as
fully as possible in developing an
operational framework of the Greek
electricity market.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Already the issue of linking large
distributed generation from renewables
in the network is a major chapter of
Code Network, which developed by the
RAE in collaboration with the Network
Manager. There will be dealt with
connectivity issues, operation and
pricing of this production.
Equally important prerequisites for the
development of renewable energy is the
appropriate spatial arrangements, which
together with the information society will
lead to the favorable acceptance of RES
from the public, as well as creating the
necessary infrastructure to connect to
the system.
On these infrastructures, RAE prepares
draft law to recommend to the Minister
for Development and the expropriation
process for the manufacture of high-
voltage grids. The predictions of this law
will ensure rapid acceleration of the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
expropriation process that projects a
large network of national importance,
such as renewable energy in Evia, a
large network project for Eastern
Macedonia and Thrace, but also works
on the islands, can

1 8 1 9 • •
become a very shorter than that
calculated by the PPC at the moment.
Finally, the RAE and exploited the
relevant provisions of the Code
Administration has standardized and has
given appropriate instructions to HTSO
the procedural manner in which will be
financed and the projects expansion
engyodotithoun network of high voltage
needed for renewables.
In conclusion, the effects of RAE times
are as follows:
1. Positive opinion for MASM (5-year
development program of high voltage
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
system) proposed by HTSO an
obligation of the PPC. The new MASM
included for the first time in a special
project of Thrace, the project Euboea,
Laconia and other connection works
RES.
2. Notice the positive opinions of the
RAE for production licenses in South
Evia, Andros and Tinos
3. Presentation of draft law on
expropriation of large high-voltage
networks of national importance
4. Complete the process of financing
and providing guarantees to investors
ANA to commence as soon as the
systems work Euboea and Thrace (the
work of Laconia and other RES projects
are simpler).
5. Complete cooperation with Ministry
and Regions to address the land
question on the wind of southern
Laconia and Attica
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
6. Monitoring the progress of RES
projects in accordance with the quarterly
report cards, and clearing the registry
from projects that are either abandoned
or unduly delay the responsibility of
investors (the objective is not a
commitment positions by investors who
are not going projects)
7. Depending on the programming of
each non-interconnected island notice
the extra power available for renewable
energy in the coming years
8. In cooperation with the initiative of
ELFORES, complete proposal for the
exploitation of geothermal energy
9. Proposal for development of hybrid
systems in large islands
10. Proposal for further simplification of
the licensing process
11. Specific studies
Green certificate system
Distribution Network and Distributed
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
large-scale production
$ Thnikous resources by 20%.
Workshop: Chamber of Commerce
Athens-PPC

The current status and future of the


electricity market in Greece
Athens, February 11, 2009

The electricity market in Greece


Regulatory Framework, Competition
and Security of Supply

Dr. Evangelos Lekatsa


Chairman of the Board HTSO

Twelve years after the entry into force of


Directive 96/92/EC and eight years after
the theoretical release of the electricity
market in our country realized today that
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
there was, until now, the real competition
in the production and supply of electricity
to eligible customers only the passage of
the 3175/2003 and 3426/2005 which are
slightly modified by Law 2773/99. These
laws failed to rectify the shortcomings
highlighted today by all sides, but were
designed to meet the varied interests
associated with the monopolistic
structure of the electricity sector in
Greece. In the summer of 2003,
Parliament passed the new Directive
2003/54/EC, which both repealed
Directive 96/92/EC and also created the
conditions for accelerating the process
of liberalization of electricity markets in
the European Union. In this presentation
analyzes the main problems arising from
the requirements of Directive
2003/54/EC and provides some thoughts
on a rational rules that can lead to an
effective and undistorted functioning of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the electricity market in Greece. It should
be noted here that the European
Commission has prepared the text of a
new, third, a directive, which will replace
the 2003/54. The new Directive, which
provides three ways of effective
separation of monopoly activities
(transmission and distribution) from
competitive activities (production and
marketing) has been discussed twice in
the Council of Ministers of energy and
once in Parliament and almost ready to
be introduced to Parliament for final
adoption.

It is important to understand that


electrical systems have some unique
characteristics that can not be ignored
when designing a new deregulated
market:
Electricity demand vary within¬ wide
limits within the diurnal cycle, but also
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
within the yearly seasonal cycle. Since
there is no economically viable solution
to the storage of large quantities of
electricity required to meet substantial
power reserve margin to be always able
to cover the varying load. The current
grid system of our country eg has an
average load of around 7500MW, but
maintains an installed capacity of about
11700MW to be able to face the summer
because of air conditioning, peak of
10,500 to 11000MW, lasting little, less
than 50 hours per year. It should be
noted here that the other is the value of
power when the load exceeds
10000MW, so the reserve margin is very
small, and another, much smaller, the
value of power when the load is less
than 5000 MW, ie when there is a large
margin of spare power available. (See
Figure 0)
For most applications of¬ electricity as
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
there is no substitute goods, the cost of
blackouts on the economy, public health
and national security are too big. This, in
today's technological culture, we make
the short-term basis determined demand
for electricity is highly inelastic good.
In addition to the inelasticity¬ of
demand and possible supply of
electricity to depend on unpredictable
factors such as weather conditions. This
is particularly great impact on systems
which support the generation of a very
large proportion of the hydro and wind
production.
The time required to install¬ new
electrical generation capacity is very
high in recent years has grown more
often because of excessive
environmental controls and restrictions
imposed. In the best case, installing a
new power plant requires at least three
years. If the decision is already taken
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
when construction prices in the
electricity market have received warning
that rising no shortage of available
power and therefore the system needs
strengthening, then the minimum period
of three years is sufficient time to
indicate increases in prices and crisis,
because tight power market.
¬ Finally, we note that electricity as a
commodity is a homogeneous product.
This means that where, through a
network has the same qualitative
characteristics (eg voltage and
frequency) for all consumers regardless
of what is produced energy. So the
competition between producers is limited
only at the price of the product without
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
quality criteria exist
Σχ.0: Διακύμανση Φορτίου: Θέρος 2007- Ιαν.
2009

I. ΘΕΜΑΤΑ ΑΓΟΡΑΣ

1. Το μοντέλο της Ελληνικής Αγοράς Ηλεκτρισμού


ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

b1,Q1

Π αραγω γο
In Greek wholesale market for
Electricity Participants:
¬ Inject The Electricity System
Manufacturers and Importers.
¬ The Apomastefontes Electricity
from the System Suppliers,
Exporters and Consumers
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Aftopromithefomenoi.

The Inject submitted for each hour


the next day's offerings in the form
of pairs of MW Qi quantity and price
in a bi € / MWh. These offers are
classified in ascending order,
forming a stepped curve of total bids
of the injected Figure 2. It should be
noted that injected into the system
compete with each other and this
competition leads to the first
selection of the cheapest deals and
also the formation of the System
Marginal Price (OTS), ie the price at
which all transactions are in the
wholesale market. On the other
hand Apomastefontes energy from
the system to buy power OTS and
compete (in Lianemporiki market)
trying to attract end users by offering
them with attractive tariffs. It is
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
obvious that gradually these two
markets will be interconnected in the
sense that the OTS one will affect
the rates offered another.

The Daily Energy Planning (IEP) is


the first stage of the wholesale
market and has designed the best
24-hour programming of units of
production system taking into
account the available energy imports
so as to cover a daily basis) the
demand electricity consumers, b) the
demand for energy exports from the
country and c) to ensure the most
economical way for the necessary
ancillary services. Through the
wholesale market transactions are
made in all electricity and ancillary
products thereof (Auxiliary Services)
to be produced, consumed, used
and / or move the market in each
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
hourly period of the day.
Solving the IEP specifies how each
unit for each hour of the day of
distribution, based on the daily, hour
to hour, offers plants to maximize
the Social Surplus (sum of the
surplus of the producer and
consumer surplus in Figure 2.) or,
more simply, to minimize the total
stated in the bidding of injected, the
cost of electricity incurred to satisfy
the energy balance, the need for
ancillary services and constraints of
the Transportation System (see
Figure 2) . The price at which
cleared the purchase of energy
required IEP Price Limit System
(OTS), resulting in algorithmic
optimization of the IEP and is a
single price at which the suppliers
buy energy they expect to absorb
the system and customers which,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
uniform price paid also injected into
the system manufacturers and
importers. Calculate the OTS is
shown with very simplified way in
Figure 2 below:

Η Μ ΕΡΗ
€/M W h

Σημειώνεται ότι ορισμένες ποσότητες εγχεόμενης ενέργειας

offered at zero price in order to be


sure the production and injection into
CAP
the system. These offers are called
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Non-priced offers (MTP) and is
usually the amount of energy from
renewables, mandatory
Hydroelectric Production, Technical
few thermal units and imports.
Then, the System established by the
relevant program of load distribution
units in the system and, based on
the program, which can be adjusted
depending on the conditions of the
system and availability of production
units in real time gives the
necessary mandates for energy
production and provide the
necessary ancillary services by
plants. In this second phase are
recorded for each unit and each
hourly allocation period, the amount
of energy (MWh) that would produce
each unit under the command of
distribution, the amount of energy
(MWh) actually produce each unit as
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
recorded in the corresponding
energy meters, and the quantities of
ancillary services (MW) provided by
each unit as recorded by the System
Manager Energy Control System.
The final phase of the wholesale
market include the subsequent
liquidation of the deviation of the
market within the calculated limit
value of the deviation (OTA). The
OTA estimated a posteriori, taking
into account for each hour of
allocation, the actual produced
ischeis production units, the actual
state of the transmission and the
actual load of consumers in the
system.
2. Login wholesale and
Lianemporikis market.

In the wholesale market is


competition between Inject
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
(producers and importers). This
occurs every time, OTS from this
market is expected to show large
variations between the hours of the
night minimum load and peak time
(noon in summer and night in
winter). These variations of OTS
both reflect the fact that during the
peak load used more and more
expensive, in terms of variable cost
units and the other reflecting the fact
that during the peak load (peak)
running out of room available
capacity in the system. Therefore
reflect the relative poverty of the
good supply electricity. In a well-
designed wholesale market
fluctuations such OTS (eg between
20 € / MWh during the hours
minimum and 140 € / MWh at peak
times) are normal and expected.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
In Lianemporiki market
Apomastefontes Manufacturers and
Exporters buy electricity from the
wholesale market in the OTS in
order to resell the selected users or
to export. It is obvious that the
Lianemporiki market competition
among suppliers is at their offerings
to consumers through appropriate,
depending on the consumption
behavior of each category of
consumer tariffs. In this case,
namely Lianemporikis market,
competition among suppliers will be
to offer alternative pricing proposals
(menu) to consumers. It is important
to note here that both the repealed
Directive 96/92/EC and the current
Directive 2003/54/EC speak for
Eligible Consumers and not for
select suppliers or manufacturers.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
It is known that consumers do not
want to be exposed to sharp
fluctuations (hourly or seasonal) of
OTS (see Fig.3). If however some
consumers decide to take that risk
then they have the right to become
Suppliers of themselves by buying
electricity on the OTS directly, ie
without the mediation intermediate
supplier-the wholesale market (see
horizontal hashed
aftopromithefomeno consumer in
Figure 1). From this premise that
competing in Lianemporiki Market
Vendors should provide consumers
with pricing proposals (menu) such
that both are not much more
expensive than the average OTS
and to be sufficiently larger than the
average of the OTS to ensure a net
fair reward for the risks they (the
suppliers) take to the consumer.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

In a mature market Lianemporiki


should therefore expect that offered
consumer tariffs will automatically
average price of OTS. The two
words, markets are interdependent.

It has been shown internationally


that if the two markets are
interconnected, that can, under
certain conditions lead to disastrous
results. In a fully competitive
wholesale market, and its tariffs
Lianemporikis Market management
and long-term fixed at constant
prices, an increasing disorder in the
wholesale market price eg due to
increases in fuel prices, when they
transferred to Lianemporiki market
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
could lead to bankruptcy of the
suppliers involved in Lianemporiki
Market. At the same time does not
give a consumer a signal of a crisis
(see this California).

In Greece, the monopoly, the normal


as a point of trying to maintain its
monopoly in the market can not,
despite its dominance, while
preventing the entrance of new
Inject (manufacturers or importers)
and new entry Apomastefonton
(exporters or suppliers) of electricity.
OTS high prices will create space for
new entrants Inject while hindering
the survival of suppliers
Lianemporiki market. Unlike low
prices OTS will make it impossible
for entry and survival of new
producers in the wholesale market
while creating opportunities for
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
suppliers to many flowering
Lianemporiki market. Precisely for
this reason the values of OTS will
tend gradually as the market
matures, the intermediate level that
reflects the actual cost of electricity
in the country and allow the survival
and the new producers and new
suppliers .

In Greece, however, while the


wholesale market is rudimentary
with a dominant presence (covering
over 90% market share) integrated,
the former monopoly company,
which controls entirely the OTS and
the Lianemporiki market remains
100% monopoly on invoices ,
therefore, studied and proposed by
the Regulatory Authority and
approved by the minister responsible
development without taking into
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
account fluctuations in the wholesale
market OTS. That the two markets
are interrelated, while none of them
was sufficiently liberalized.

To remedy these shortcomings and


mature wholesale, but the market
should Lianemporiki:

Regulated tariffs inϖ Lianemporiki


Market include:
• A clause depending on the level of
wholesale market prices, whether
out of fuel prices, or described by
mean are shaped, daily and hourly
basis, the System Marginal Price or,
more generally, the average
declared, basis of tenders, the
Tender Cost of injected (see
eskiasmeno area in Figure 2). Let us
note here that the adoption of
nutrient Cost of tender injected as a
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
basis for determining a clause in the
regulated tariffs Lianemporikis
Market, would create an incentive for
the monopoly (dominant) Company
to abandon its policy of expansion of
other competitive non-priced bids
and to reveal how this actual cost of
producing electricity in the country.
• The cost of monopoly and thus
regulated the activities of the
Transmission and Distribution
• Marketing costs plus a reasonable
profit of Suppliers
To realized a long program ofϖ
establishment of modern cash hourly
measurements. Hourly
measurements will allow the creation
of hourly billings by which the market
would pass to consumers directly to
the appropriate signal to the latter, if
they choose such a pricing, be
pushed to more rational use and
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
reduce demand during times of
peak.
To introduce tariffs to protectϖ
producers and suppliers, consumers
against fluctuations in the OTS.
To provide an analysis of theϖ
variable cost component of the
energy produced by source of
primary energy sources.

3. The Value of Power

The original design of the wholesale


market in Greece has not provided a
payment of production beyond the
remuneration of injected energy in
OTS. It is known however that
electricity is a product which is
consumed at the same time
produced. This instant consumption
of this product are given special
(instantaneous) value not only to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
itself the power (in MWh), but in
power (MW) which is available to
ensure the validity and the
necessary spare capacity to have
continuous supply of safe
consumption.

The lack of specific provision for


payment of the power available in
both the original Act 2773/99 and the
Original code administration and
Power Exchange resulted in a long
passive investment rather than the
observed abundance of applications
and licensing production to
construction. By law 3175/2003 was
a first attempt to remedy this
problem. Article 23 § 10 of that Act
provided that the offers of producers
would "reflect" not now "to the
variable cost of units," but "at least
the variable cost of units. Hoped that
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
this way the producers will give
values greater than the variable cost
of the units to cover part or in whole,
the fixed investment cost is the cost
of power. In the international
literature has shown that where
there is competition, bids are pushed
down is made to the variable cost of
units.

In Greece today were not created


ripe conditions for competition, but
the formerly vertically integrated firm
to prevent entry of new producers
make daily offerings to the variable
cost of units so as to produce low
OTS. Therefore, the change in the
law 3175/2003 was successful. This,
when it became apparent in 2004,
led the RAE to propose the
establishment of an interim
mechanism to recover the value of
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the power available with the
introduction of evidence available
capacity (ADI). In each ADI by
decree, was given initial value of
35.000 € / MW-year. Each supplier
is required to have sufficient ADI to
meet the needs of its customers.
The ADI will purchase from the
producers, who thus will receive the
value of the ADI. The establishment
of the ADI in the original price of
35.000 € / MW-year, created from
2006 onwards, an interest of
investors. Furthermore, tendered
HTSO for the construction of the first
units of the combined cycle natural
gas as provided by law 3175/2003.

The mechanism of tax effect of ADI


is the main disadvantage of a
mechanism for collecting money on
an annual basis, while the wholesale
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
electricity market is a market that
operates on an hourly basis. For this
reason a mechanism that can
express the power shortage that
may occur in the system for a few
hours one day or for a specific
seasonal period. It is therefore
evident that the stability of the price
to 35.000 € / MW-year and created
some appropriate signals to
producers for new investment,
however, yielded no similar incentive
to consumers to reduce their
consumption during the peak hours
so The problem of power shortage.

This leads to the conclusion that it is


necessary, apart from the
introduction of 35000 € / MW-year
(or 70000 € / MW-year in the newly
established units for flexible edge) to
establish and further back-up power
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
market mechanism by which it
becomes an hourly basis, the power
shortage and given the appropriate
signal to the side of consumption.

II THE WEAKNESSES OF THE


MODEL OF MARKET

The model developed Market


summarized above, apart from the
problem of the value of the force that
created the problem of long-term
investment standstill, there are some
other fundamental weaknesses:

1. Offers Not priced

There is a wide range of power


(which can reach up to 5800MW,
see Figure 4) provided a daily
priority, ie outside competition.
Tenders were invited to the Code
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Management System Non-priced
deals. In fact it offers equivalent
power zero (see Figures 2 and 4)
Energy from renewables (mostly
wind) should be consumed
immediately because the storage
would be cost effective. For this to
happen with certainty, the energy
supply from RES as not invoiced is
Offer, ie, offered at zero price.
Similarly to zero offered by
Compulsory Hydroelectric
Production (due to irrigation and
irrigation needs or due to flood risk)
and the Technical Minimum Thermal
non-flexible plants, given the
weakness of these units to cease
their operation during night-time
minimum load.
Finally a zero value offered amounts
imported energy as importers have
already acquired rights to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
interconnector transmission lines
and entered into binding contracts
with manufacturers - Suppliers
abroad.
The introduction of non-priced bids
(MTP) is required by the Code
Administration and Power
Exchange, but has so far not
implemented the priced Bid led to
excesses. As shown in Figure 4, the
non-priced Bids, in some cases
reached a total of 5800 MW by
setting this way most of the energy
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
demand outside the competition!
Μη τιμολογούμεν
Υποχρεωτικά Νερά
ΑΠΕ
€/MWh Τεχνικά Ελάχιστα
ΜΤΠ = Μη τιμολογούμενες Προσφορές Εισαγωγές
ΣΥΝΟΛΟ =

CAP

Με L1>L0 προκύπτει ΟΤΣ1<ΟΤΣ0

ΟΤΣ0

ΟΤΣ1

Συνολική
Καμπύλη
Προσφορών

ΜΤΠο

L0 L1 L, Syste
ΜΤΠ1

Σχ. 4: Μετατόπιση Καμπύλης Προσφορών λόγω αύξησης ΜΤ

Besides the arbitrary change from time


to time "Mandatory Water" has other
implications as shown in Figure 4.
Suppose that at some time with load Lo
and Mn priced offers MTPo we Otsu
threshold and even the next hour that
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
are not priced offers increased (MTP1>
MTPo) due to increases in "Mandatory
Water. Then, despite the fact that the
load increases in L1> Lo the resulting
OTS less OTS1 <Otsu. The
phenomenon of greater load to shorten
the System Marginal Price is - therefore -
common in the Greek market and shows
that there is a possibility, which
manages the water to manipulate the
limit.
From the above analysis of non-priced
Bid concluded that, initially, it is
necessary to reduce the "Mandatory
Water 'to what is Mandatory and the
reduction of the Minimum Technical
Thermal Units, or change the codes by
removing the concept Technical Least of
thermal units by creating tough
competition with bids accepted even
below cost during the hours of minimum
load, as in many other markets. We must
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
also consider whether it would be
preferable imports to be paid not to the
OTS, but

the bid price (pay as bid), which will heal


over more severe problem of non-priced
Bid.
Finally, a second phase, when
production from renewables has become
very large, should revise the code so,
and the production of renewable
energies is the basis of competition ie
priced deals.

1. The asymmetries of the Market

Greek Market Power beyond the


asymmetry is due to the existence of a
very large dominant production company
and a few are currently too small
competing companies (see Sch.5) are
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
created and other collateral problems
strevlonounton competition

One of the problems created by the


fact that each of the small
companies is a unit of a disguised
technology (eg combined or Open
Cycle Natural Gas), while the
dominant firm has numerous
production units with a wide variety
of technologies and fuels (lignite, oil,
natural gas, hydropower, etc.). To
understand the advantage of
dominant companies over small
competitors we believe in Figure 6,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
two points A and B, of which A has
low variable costs, and B has a
relatively high variable costs so that
it is usually limit plant.

Under the rules of the wholesale


market and two points A and B will
pay in the OTS. As is readily
apparent from Figure 6, Unit B,
marginal unit, receives the value
offered by this system to electricity,
which covers the variable costs of
assuming the offer is exactly what
the cost. So this unit has room to
recover investment costs and a profit
and gain. Instead, the unit A, with
low variable costs equal to the bid,
which forms the unpaid-OTS-a
surplus sufficient to cover not only
the variable and fixed costs plus
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
profit. If the points A and B are the
same company then a portion of the
profit of the unit A can be used to
subsidize the unit B to be covered
and fixed cost.

The conclusion drawn from this


analysis is that the company has
numerous production units of
various technologies has the
potential to subsidize the excess of
low-cost variable cost base units,
high variable cost units. Instead, a
production company with a single
unit, or more than one, but the same
technology units do not have that
option.
This shortcoming can be remedied
in two ways. Whether the measures
and incentives for small competitors
to gain a similar range as those
plants or forcing the dominant firm to
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
separate accounts of the plants in a
manner that will prevent cross-
subsidies between them.
Finally, it should be noted here that
in all the countries which tried to
liberalize the electricity market,
asymmetric measures taken to
reduce the initial intrinsic asymmetry
in the electricity sector.

1. Issue price of gas

There is a disparity in the offers units


with natural gas fuel to an extent
undermined the normal order of
precedence of units based on the
degree of their reimbursement. The
following table F.A units of the Greek
system are listed in order of
increasing degree of efficiency, or
decreasing order of specific fuel
consumption.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
But the offers of units in the daily
market are such that the order is
reversed (see Figure 7). The
distortion must partly be due to
different price for the natural gas
units and partly to the different
behavior of commercial producers.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

In the first case the differences in


prices for natural gas should be
limited so as not to lead to such
distortions. For example, if a
generator of electricity is the prime
natural gas purchase contract
should be taken to streamline the
contract dispute, either through full
liberalization F. Gas, or, if that is not
directly applicable, by imposing
administrative measures on the
natural gas monopolist that he would
provide the natural gas at the same
price to all producers of electricity. In
the second case must be explored
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
trading behavior of participating
producers so as not to favor
situations of market manipulation or
distortion of competition.

A measure neutralization of both


reasons of market distortion is any
plant considered to be a separate
cost center to reflect the total cost,
the investment costs and fuel costs,
operation and maintenance. From
this analysis it appears that the
revenue from the Daily participation
in energy planning and revenue from
the evidence are available, the drive
power is sufficient to cover these
costs, or if a natural gas plant
subsidized by "cheaper" units of the
same manufacturer.

4. Managing water resources


ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Often in the past Done supply large
quantities of hydro designated as
"Mandatory Water. The drought of
2007 has helped to demonstrate that
the "Mandatory Water" may be
substantially less (eg no one
complained when, due to the
depletion of stocks in the lakes
decreased significantly the
"Mandatory Water").

Also observed the phenomenon


offers are made at a price below
those of peak thermal units thus are
led to wastage of water resources.
We need to establish the possibility
of a trigger (24-hour) reduction in
energy intake of water resources to
cure the problem.

5. Import-Export
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

Imports, to meet long-term projects


that have been agreed and based on
the trading market, interconnections
are made with zero. This method
allowed for a (mostly in the summer
of 2007) while imports are costing
more and the maximum permissible
value (CAP) offers the Greek market
(150 € / MWh) were on no, do not
create Limit Pricing System hurting
realized these imports, and it gave
the right signal to the daily wholesale
market, and suppliers - Consumers,
namely Lianemporiki Market. We
must consider the possibility that the
imported quantities of electricity sold
in the daily market price of their offer
(pay as bid). If this is flawed or is not
desirable from a regulatory
perspective, then, alternatively,
should be introduced that offers
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
imported quantities will not have a
value less than the price paid by the
importer abroad. In this case you
should describe the procedures for
verification of that claim.

As for exports should be noted that


the last 2 years due to very tight
production tools, the System
Operator is obliged at certain times
not to allow exports for safe
operation of the system. The
administration, however, the export
ban is inconsistent with the EU's
objective to establish a single
internal electricity market. The
correct solution would be to tight
production facilities in the Greek
system to speak with an increased
price limit system in order to avoid
any interest to buy electricity from
the Greek market in order to export.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

6. Minimum Specifications

Large thermal units (mainly steam


turbine) of the Greek system can not
produce stable with an output below
a threshold. This limit is called the
Minimum Technical Unit. These
same units have the flexibility to
switch when the system load is high,
and off when the load is low. Based
on the above describe certain of
these units, the night when the load
is low, forced to produce the
technical minimum power despite
antioikonomikotita function. This
raises the issue of the Technical
Minimum. This problem has many
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
aspects to be reviewed in
conjunction with the problem of
integration of available units in the
Daily Energy Planning (Unit
Commitment). This trend should be
towards the competitive intensity
and therefore stronger variation of
the System Marginal Price (OTS)
between the hours of low and high
load hours. Sharp decline, for
example, OTS noted in low-load
hours in the Italian system so the
night be unwarranted imports from
Italy and further exacerbate the least
technical of the Greek System.

7. EIA UnitsΈ
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

€/MWh

7. UPLIFT
CAPinvolved in the Greek
All plants
electricity market receive 35.000 € /
MW and year for each MW of
available force. With 10.000 MW
available in the system, the amount
paid by suppliers annually for this
purpose is the order of 350 million
€ / year. This amount does not
appear in public during the
liquidation of the wholesale market
and would normally create an
additional amount (UPLIFT) to be
added to the OTS. Generally, any
additional amounts in nature
(UPLIFT) created (eg due to pricing
of renewable energy in a
predetermined management fixed
price) would increase the final OTS.
Otherwise, the OTS does not mirror
the actual cost of production and
doesΟΤΣ not give a real signal to
consumers to reduce their
consumption and investors to build
new plants in the system.
Επιδότησηπρ
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
III LEGAL FRAMEWORK
The current legal framework for
liberalizing the electricity market
based primarily on the Law
2773/99, which established under
Directive 96/92/EC.
The Directive 96/92/EC modified
but not repealed by Directive
2003/54/EC later. Downstream of
Directive 2003/54/EC, Laws
3175/2003 and 3426/2005 is not
abolished, as were, Law 2773/99,
but:
• the amendment in a few spots to
adapt it to only some of the
requirements of the new Directive
2003/54/EC.
• left unchanged concepts that
existed in Directive 96/92/EC but is
incompatible with the newer
Directive 2003/54/EC. Result of this
is to remain in the Greek concepts
such as laws the term
"autoproducer" which is now
incompatible with the current EU
law.
• integrating the predicted HTSO
Manager Distribution Network - an
integration that have been done by
July 1, 2007 but was never even
discussed to materialize.
• institutionalize the participation of
PPC forever equity HTSO by 49%
(whereas the original Law 2773/99
provided for a gradual reduction of
this rate as new producers enter
the market).
That said, should, whatever final
form it will take the 3rd package for
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the Liberation of Market Power, to
become as soon as possible
following legislative changes:
1. Eliminate the definitions were in
96/92/EC and transferred to the
Greek law 2773/99, 3175/2003 and
3468/2006, etc. and there is the
Directive 2003/54/EC, which
completely abolished 96/92/EC.
2. To ensure the independence of
DESMIE from PPC to adhere to the
provisions of Directive 2003/54/EC
and repealing forever participation
of PPC in 49% of the share capital
of the Hellenic Transmission
System Operator.
3. To review the rules of law
3426/2005 which provides for the
integration of the Hellenic
Transmission System Operator
Distribution Network.
4. The System Operator must have
financial independence and self-
reliance and have the necessary
human and financial resources and
adequate facilities for maintenance
and expansion of the transmission
so that it can fulfill its tasks as
described in Directive 2003/54 /
EC.
5. Correct the Codes towards the
restoration of the System Marginal
Price at the proper and correct
fluctuating price levels to reflect the
true marginal cost of production
system in each hourly period.
Highlights: Besides the issues of
imports, Water Management,
Technical and Least UPLIFT,
mentioned above, should be
specified and handled Aichmiakon
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Units, which must be integrated into
the Grid system, without causing
major distortions in the energy
market.
6. To establish the relationship
between regulated tariffs and
market lianemporikis OTS and to
distinguish between tariffs on key
components (Clause Production
Cost + UPLIFT + Transport +
Distribution + Marketing) to be
transparent the costs of monopoly
segments of the transportation and
distribution.
IV. PROCEDURAL MATTERS
1. The new draft law should include
all articles of the Directive
2003/54/EC, followed by the
corresponding articles of the draft.
This will ensure the completeness
of the transposition into Greek law.
Any failure to transpose the
directive of an article in the draft
law could be justified.
2. After thus transposing Directive
2003/54/EC on the bill will be
added to bill the articles mentioned
in article removal or maintenance of
the existing laws now 2773/99 (eg
Article 34 on security personnel
PPC to be maintained in the new
law) since the removal or retention
is consistent and compatible with
the spirit of Directive 2003/54/EC.
3. Finally, the new draft law should
be independent text that the reader
has no need to back to older
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
existing laws.
4. Should the market trends to be
monitored continuously with the
introduction of various indicators
with which to monitor the degree of
conformity of the electricity sector
to the requirements of Directive
2003/54/EC.
A major indicator of the degree of
liberalization a market index,
Herfindahl - Hirschman Index (HHI)
index is defined as the sum of
squared market shares of all
players competing this. In the case
of absolute monopoly owns 100%
of a market then this indicator takes
the maximum value, ie 1002 =
10,000

In practice the market is:


ϖ Monopolistic where IHI = 10,000
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

ϖ too concentrated when IHI>


5000
ϖ Centralized when IHI> 1800
ϖ Sufficiently competitive when
1000 <IHI ≤ 1.800 and
ϖ Fully competitive when IHI ≤
1.000
The index is Herfindahl - Hirschman for the
wholesale market in Greece has been
calculated in the above table for 2007.

With an index Herfindahl - Hirschman 8301


equal to the wholesale electricity market in
Greece is too centralized. To diminish this i
below 5000 (which is to begin to define the
release) will be the largest player in the mar
reducing its stake from 90.96% to 70% (whe
702 = 4900). To this end, measures to cont
the currently existing unequal situation.
Also noted that even worse is the situation i
the field of Lianemporikis Market (retail mar
where, despite the fact that 100% of consum
from 1.7.2007, Eligible Consumers, PPC sti
has 99.9% market (HHI ~ 10000).
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

Athens, February 2009


AGORA_ILEKTRISMOU_EVEA_FEV_2009

CASE LAW 2009/IV

Contents
- CoE 2514/2009 [Fines for violation of
environmental law].
-

CoE 2514/2009
[Fine for violation of environmental legislatio

President: Ang. Theofilopoulos


Rapporteur: Ch. Ntouchanis
Lawyers: Ath Papageorgopoulos A. Alefant

Critical legal status in the fine for violation o


ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
environmental laws that are applicable at th
time were present the facts constituting the
constituent elements of the offense.
The decision should be reversed in part the
court found that the fine for breach of outpu
under a stricter legal regime applicable at th
time of the imposition of fines, but not at the
time of committing the breach.

Key considerations

1. Because, for the purposes of this applica


has paid the statutory fee (fee 1972523-5/2
special notes).
2. Because the application is requested the
partial annulment of the Decision 2163/2005
the Athens Administrative Court of Appeal,
which, in part, the appellant's application,
merely a fine of 152,000 euros that had bee
imposed on it by 92461/22.5 -2002 decision
the Minister of Environment, Physical Plann
and Public Works, to 40,000 euros.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

3. Since according to Article 30 paragraph 1


Law 1650/1986 (Official Gazette 16th A) as
force at the time of the challenged measure
the action, after replacing the said paragrap
Article 4 Law 3010/2002 (FEK 91 A) and be
the entry into force of article eighth paragra
of Law 3621/2007 (GG 279 A1) to "natural o
legal persons who cause any pollution or
environmental degradation or contravening
provisions of this law or under the authority
issued decrees or ministerial or department
regional decisions, and the offenders of the
conditions and measures set out in the
administrative offenses provided for in Artic
11 and 12 of the law 1515 / 1985 (Gazette 1
and 1561/1985 (GG 148 A), regardless of c
or criminal liability, administrative penalty
imposed as a fine of fifty (50) to five hundre
thousand (500,000) euro, following a
recommendation of either under Article 6 or
services under Article 26 bands Environmen
Quality Control, depending on the gravity,
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

frequency, relapse, the level exceeded the


statutory limits on emissions and the violatio
environmental conditions as follows: a. by th
relevant Prefect, if the fine is proposed to si
thousand (60,000) euro b. General Secreta
the Region where the penalty proposed ran
from sixty thousand (60,000) million to one
hundred fifty thousand (150,000) euro, the m
Minister of Environment, Physical Planning
Public Works, if the proposed penalty excee
one hundred fifty thousand (150,000) euros
Moreover, in the third sentence of paragrap
of that article, as supplemented by § 12 of
Article 98 of Law 1892/1990 (Official Gazett
viruses A) states: "Decisions which are levie
the previous paragraphs fines may appeal t
the ordinary administrative courts within 45
from the date of such notification to the
offender. These differences are governed b
provisions of the Tax Procedure Code, as in
force. The provisions of Article 30 paragrap
of Law 1650/1986 awarded to the regular
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

administrative courts to resolve disputes wh


arise from the enforcement of environmenta
protection by introducing substantive appea
against administrative acts imposing fines fo
violations this legislation. Entry fee for these
differences matter jurisdiction of the ordinar
administrative courts located within the
boundaries of legitimate regulatory action b
legislature, as identified by Articles 95 Fri th
1st c. A and 3 and 94 paragraph 1 of the
Constitution as that the effected by that law
extending the powers of these courts, which
must however be combined with the transfe
powers in the same courts already provide
specific laws are not overturned or substant
reduced or the Constitution General annullin
the jurisdiction of the State Council. Therefo
in accordance with the foregoing, the decisi
to impose a fine pursuant to the above
provisions, subject to appeal before the
competent administrative court (cf. 5218/19
CoE) and above (Article 9, paragraph 7 of L
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

2947/2001 Official Gazette 228 A) before th


three-member Board of Appeal, where the
amount of the fine imposed exceeds 5,000,
drachmas. Legally, therefore, the appellant'
appeal against the decision 92461/22.5.200
Minister for the Environment, Physical Plan
and Public Works, which had been imposed
it a fine of 152,000 euros (51,794,000
drachmas), brought before the Three-Memb
Board Athens Court of Appeal.
4. Since, moreover, these provisions of
paragraph 1 of Article 30 of Law 1650/1986
this paragraph is replaced by Article 4 of La
3010/2002, which share as above, between
Prefect, the General Regional Secretary an
Minister of Environment, Physical Planning
Public Works the power to issue notices of
prescribed fines for their height, differ from
provisions of Article 30 paragraph 1 of Law
1650/1986, as this paragraph was in its orig
form, ie before being replaced by Article 4 o
Law 3010/2002, which kathidrymata this
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

responsibility, basically, for the Prefect


compelled to refer the matter to the Minister
Environment, Physical Planning and Public
Works only in certain cases of particularly
serious violations of environmental laws. Th
latest provisions, in part regulate the ideal p
of the power of the prescribed fines depend
on the amount, in any case apply to instrum
issued after 25.4.2002, on which date Articl
Law 3010/2002 (Article 13 of Law 3010/200
which replaced in the above paragraph 1 of
Article 30 of Law 1650/1986, even, say, in
cases where the breach of environmental
legislation, which imposed the fine, took pla
before that date. In contrast, in the amount
the fine imposed, in which the newer provis
of Article 4 of Law 3010/2002, also vary ove
those previously in force, namely paragraph
Article 30 of Law 1650/1986 in its original fo
since the ceiling of the usual fine was increa
from 10,000,000 euros to 500,000 drachma
(GRD 170-375000), the latest provisions ap
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

only if the environmental offense for which t


sanction , committed after 25/4/2002, as cri
legal status in the amount of the fine is fore
that in force at the time were present facts
which constitute the constituent elements o
offense for which the sanction is (see CoE
1748/2001). A contrary interpretation of tho
provisions would be contrary to Article 7
paragraph 1 of the European Convention on
Human Rights, in which no person may be
punished by praxin or omission which, at th
same moment occurred not have received a
offense. .. Neither heavier penalty be impos
than that which was applicable at the time t
criminal offense was committed, and which
not occupy only the penalties of criminal law
but any measure tantamount to "punishmen
within the meaning of this provision ( see
Council of State 1728/2008, 2797/2004 epta
based on certain criteria, such as, inter alia,
nature and purpose of the measure and the
severity of consequences (see E.D.D.A.
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

67335/01 Achour v. France, 32492/96 Coëm


et autres v. Belgium, 17440/90 Welch v. Un
Kingdom, 15917/89 Jamil v. France, etc.).
6. As the present case, accepting the conte
decision, the 15-4-2OO2 autopsy was
conducted by officers of the Ministry of
Environment, Physical Planning and Public
Works on the premises of the applicant
chartoviomichanikis limited company which
located in the Community Spring Attica, in
found, first, although that company was
operating without an approved environment
conditions, since the strength of
11978/12.5.1995 Public Works Act, which w
approved by the relevant environmental
conditions, had expired and had not issued
and, that when the autopsy was leaking
untreated industrial waste this facility to the
adjacent stream of swallows, due, accordin
statements by leaders of "a failure of the pu
which was restored within 20 minutes, when
stopped the flow of waste . Found further th
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
the company had a waste treatment system
(KROFTA), and the treated waste recycled
the full production process. It was also foun
that the leak was caused by slight overfilling
the sump pump and recirculation of
unprocessed waste, and waste samples tak
in the brain exceeded the legally defined
boundaries. Accordingly, and having given
regard contribution of service to the Ministe
Public Works, were taken into account the
views of the appellant, as expressed in its le
dated 13.5.2002 to the concerned Directora
Public Works, was the 92461/22.5.2002
Minister for Public Works Act, which impose
fine on the appellant 152.000 euros.
Proceedings of the appellant's act was parti
upheld by the Administrative Court of Athen
which, in the contested decision, reversed t
contested act and developed the fine to 40,
euros.
7. In the present application, also allegedly
legally affected by the act is not repealed in
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
whole by taking into account the circumstan
of the case as presented in the application.
is apparent from the contested decision, the
court, in consideration of the fact that the
appellant had already submitted the necess
documents for approval of a new environme
conditions, which was that the leak was fou
small and is fully restored proper repair of th
pump that has never been found, and the lik
finally, that the applicant has moved to licen
construction of underground tank equalizati
and authorizing a study by the planning
authority to effectively address the problem
leakage, if it arises again found that the fine
imposed should be limited to the amount of
40,000 euros, while the remainder of the
challenging things on the crisis in the trial co
as to whether the applicant actually commit
to the attribued this infringement is not
permissible on appeal.
8. Since the present application showing tha
non-legally rejected the plea, under which n
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
legally seized in this case the Minister of Pu
Works, without the matter be referred to it in
terms of self, in principle, competent to impo
fine, Prefect of East Attica. This ratio, which
based on the erroneous assumption that the
relevant provisions regarding the division of
responsibilities between administrative bodi
and the administrative procedure for imposi
the fine was, in this case, the provisions of
Article 30 paragraph 1 of Law 1650/1986 in
original form and not as they emerged after
replacement of that paragraph I of Article 4
Law 3010/2002, question raised in power, a
above, on 25.4.2002, before, namely, to ad
the affected practice, is dismissed as
unfounded, is not it relevant that commissio
the offenses found on 15.4.2002, ie before
effect of that article 4 of Law 3010/2002, as
these newer provisions Law 3010/2002, in t
it deals with issues of jurisdiction and, in
general, procedural, legally held by the
Administrative Court that occupied the pres
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
case.
9. Since, moreover, is rejected and the reas
whereby not legally affected by the act is no
repealed in its entirety by the Administrative
Court on the grounds that, in its view, its
adoption did not have prior service contribu
since, as admits appealed the assessment
property which is controller by an appeal to
Minister of Public Works submitted the
92190/20.5.2002 official recommendation o
competent Directorate of the Ministry.
10. As alleged, further, that is not legally
rejected the plea under which they were no
this case allowed the fines heavier than
expected for ordinary offenses at the time o
committing infringements. This ratio, which
indirectly raised by the appellant's applicatio
on the clarification and development of thes
from 16/10/2003 to refute the statement
requesting the Greek government, is, as
mentioned above, valid and must be upheld
We have consequently set aside the decisio
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
so far as the trial court gave its own evaluat
of the fine for violation attributed to the appe
under tighter regulatory regime in force at th
time of the majestic fine instrument but not
the time of committing the breach, and sent
back in this part of the case to the
Administrative Court judges for a new legal

crisis
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
Photovoltaic panels 90 or 140 Watt / p
DIY solar at half the cost!
Here we present the construction of a
solar panel 90 Watt / p (cell size
125Ch125mm) or 140 Watt / p (cell
size 156Ch156mm). Such a
photovoltaic generating from 500 KWh
to 800 KWh per day or 20 έως 30
KWh per month in summer and 12-18
KWh per month at a mean winter. We
are able to provide the energy
required per day for lighting in areas
3-4 4-5 hours, a 21 "TV for 3-5 hours,
the laptop for 3-5 hours, charging
mobile phones, other gadgets, fan etc.
! If you build it ourselves, we can win
up to 400 million compared with the
ready to purchase! For starters let's
see in detail all the materials you will
need to build the solar collector. At the
end of this article there link to a page
with videos of construction:
The PV-modules:
The main part of a solar collector
(panel) is of course the individual
small photovoltaic (or solar cells)
which collect sunlight and convert it
into electricity. The PV data we use
here is very high performance
crystalline (approximately 15%). Each
photovoltaic element gives
approximately 0,6 volt and a little more
than 2,5 Watt and the 125Ch125mm
the 156Ch156mm 4,0 Watt. The
photograph depicts a polycrystalline
PV element. The rule in the solar
panel is to have 36 such items, with a
minimum of 32 or 33 points. So,
linking 36 such cells in series have
exit 36 X 0,6 V = 21,6 Volt. The upper
side of the PV element with shades of
blue (the front, is shown in the picture)
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
is negative and the bottom (behind the
gray side is not shown) positive. Over
in each cell there are "guides" two
minute ride on which we stick to the
specific cable (flat kalodiotainies)
interface electric soldering iron 40 έως
60 Watt. The kalodiotainia already
impregnated and does not need wellΗ
καλωδιοταινία διασύνδεσης:

The cable mentioned in the previous


paragraph is a special kalodiotainia
(plywood) already impregnated and
you do not stick well to the top and
bottom of the photovoltaic cells. As
mentioned above in each cell are two
minute ride on which we stick to
kalodiotainia electric soldering iron 40
έως 60 Watt. A slow transition with a
slight pressure is sufficient.
The PV module or modules:
That is, the "frame" within which we
will post (to stick with a little glue) lines
with the solar cells described above.
Here we will follow the solution
yourself. Not only is it cheaper option
as it would cost about 40-50 euros,
but as the satisfaction of "Do it
yourself" is indescribable (like the ...
admiration of others who will see the
final result: "Not only can you
manufactured I)! In the photo below
appears ready (after assembly), the
panel constructed and will stick to the
PV cells that we saw above.
Summary:
In summary therefore, the materials
we need are:
1. 36 PV-modules
2. 20m kalodiotainia
3. Glass or plexiglass UV 5mm in
dimensions that we want to back
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
frame and glass or plexiglass UV 3mm
thick on front (same size as the back)
4. Silicone insulated perimeter of the
frame.
The construction costs of solar
collector
Sourced from plants abroad (they do
not exist in Greece), relatively large
amounts of PV-modules, because I
knew that some can break during
transport. After sorting, the cost came
to just under 250 euros for every 36
cells is needed, along with
kalodiotainia.
If a friend wants to create such a
panel 140W happy to help.
The cost for the last 4 sets of remains
could be 195.00 million for 36 2 cells,
about 1.39 per Watt, where the
relevant trade panel can be overcome
and 5.00 euro.
Are 20m kalodiotainias to 20.00 euros.
Anyone interested friend can contact
me here.
The remaining materials count 30 to
40 euros. Thus, the total cost for the
panel will come out
around 250 euros!
Not bad, given that
market research I
did recently, Panel
150 Watt / p you
asked me up to 700
euros, with an
average of 640
euros!
The quality of
construction of the
panel
Certainly the build quality is not
comparable to commercial solar
panel, but it is very good. After all, the
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
price of one can make two panels!
Furthermore, the heart of the panel,
namely PV components are the same
used in professional panels and is
guaranteed for 25 years.
On the next page begins the
construction of solar panels and
showing the first pictures.
>> Next page of manufacturing
photovoltaic panels
>> Videos with the construction of the
module step by step
ΠΑ
ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α

Small photovoltaic with 32 euros!


Make yourself a small solar panel for only 32 euros!
I always wanted to have a small solar panel (solar panel) which I take
everywhere with me (in the car, the cottage, the excursion and elsewhere) in
time of need. I decided to construct a small portable solar panels on my own,
with very low cost photovoltaics. To the panel compact and durable transfer
chose solar cells (photovoltaics) in amorphous silicon, which is already in LENS
and ready output cables. It is very durable (do not break easily) in connection
with monocrystalline or polycrystalline used in larger panels.
Also, each provides approximately 4,5 volt no load, compared with 0,5 volt to
give the crystalline solar cells. This means that I can use only three such cells
connected in series (positive-negative-positive-negative) to succeed about 12
volt which was my goal for this panel. This means lower cost, lower surface and
ease of manufacture. But because the current pay is about 80mA-90mA, I used
two other sets of three elements in parallel with another line (connecting the
negative of the free 3 horizontal lines between good and free of the same lines
between them) to succeed approximately 250mA.
For the circuit (Figure) and other technical characteristics of these PV cells
(elements), see the page for the construction of a panel 10w / p or 20w / p.
So a total of 9 pieces, total cost of 31.5 million (Euro 3.5 each cell). I asked to
put the package and a measure of material interfaces, although you could use
simple kalodio.laisio could κατασκευάσω από plexiglass, But I preferred the
easy (but functional) solution of a plastic frame ... 24ch20cm! Small size,
lightweight and low cost: just 1 to 3 euros, depending on the frame. To be able
to connect various devices, chargers and rechargeable batteries, used a
cigarette lighter plug adapter as shown in the picture (cost half a euro or
electronics store). Purchased a small cigarette lighter adapter with 12 volt input
and output 1,5 - 3,0 - 4,5 - 6,0 - 7,5 - 9,0 - 12,0 volt. The transformer (see photo
below) is the plug that I mentioned just before. So I can connect all kinds of
devices or batteries from 1.5 to 12 volt with no problem.
The first test was during a sunny day in April, at 15:00. The small solar panel
on sunny, empty, with the multimeter to show 12,5 volt and 230 mA! (Update:
May at 12:00: 13,2 volt and 260 mA).
After connecting the adapter to the small solar panel, the multimeter showed
12.5 12,0 volt. Perfect! Certainly the summer months the price will be slightly
better, but so is a joy! Besides more than 15 volt will have a problem converter.
The first practical use was to charge my phone using the car charger and the
second to charge some rechargeable batteries. The next move will be to use
solar panels in the notebook (laptop). This will tell unlimited (almost)
independent!
Possible improvements of photovoltaic modules:
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I could use many other sets of three photovoltaic cells to several mA, growing
up just the size of solar panels. For example, with 9 other solar cells, the flow
would reach 540mA at 12 volt. Or I could do it and kneeling on an even smaller
size!
Note: This panel can charge batteries up to 9V. The 12voltes battery charging
voltage roughly want more than 14V under load. So they want a panel with 5
cells in series instead of 3 cells as shown here. But we can operate directly
from a device 12V, provided they do not have large power requirements
(amps), eg a radio or a fan 12V.Kalo I would be stuck in the positive power
output and a diode (from the electronics store half a million), not to return
power from the battery to the panel when it is sunny.
How to easily fix yourself a portable electric generator
Generator of solar energy - without fuel and Quiet!
The following small photovoltaic systems for use in a caravan, a remote area
where no power supply, board, etc. Even in our house for possible interruptions
refmatos.I solar generator consists of a small solar panel 10 watt / p, which
charging a battery enclosed 12v and 18Ah. It could get greater battery.
To move easily, I got a suitcase and tools located in the battery, the inverter
and battery.
Above the battery have a link inverter 300W that converts DC battery power
into AC 230V. So can power devices 230V.
No matter how many devices to connect simultaneously, provided that they
exceed all along the 300 Watt.
Wiring photovoltaic (PV) system
Here the assembly of PV. The outlet of the inverter (inverter) connected
devices that require 230V.
Observations on the photovoltaic power generator
To charge the battery photovoltaic need 2-3 days in summer and 3-4 days in
winter.
As for power failure this time is more than adequate (we have power cuts every
day).
Thus, it can be used much longer battery even though he needs more days to
charge fully. In fact, when it's stop, the battery is full even though it has a
capacity of 100Ah.
The construction cost (at current prices)
• The PV 69 million.
• The charge 23 euros
• The power inverter 300 watt, 37 euros.
Total only EUR 129!
Battery can not put more than 18AI (12V lead, closed). The suitcase and
πολύμπριζα course is optional. The above system works flawlessly and only
with the solar panel, charge controller, battery and inverter 230V.
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Testing the system
I tried connecting both a TV 21 "(65w), a table lamp (25w) and a radio.
They worked flawlessly for a time kept the test and the small battery of 18Ah
was able to give almost another hour of operation before needing recharging.
Applications
This system can be used in a caravan, a remote area has no power, board, etc.
Even in our house for a power failure. With a 20Ah battery can have power for
all of the following even function simultaneously:
1. Lighting in our field (eg 2 lamps economy) for 3-4 hours.
2. A small (14 "-21") TV and notebook computer (laptop) for 2 hours in total.
3. A radio for several hours.
4. Charging mobile phones and other gadgets.
Using as described here, when a battery drain of 20Ah, a photovoltaic 10Wp
will need about 3 days to charge fully. As mentioned above, because it is not
intended for everyday use, this space is more than adequate (we have power
cuts every day). Thus, we can put twice and battery capacity (doubling in this
way and more time operating the equipment).
• solar charger for mobile with 8 million!
Solar energy mobile phone batteries, mp3, ipod. Scenario 1: Imagine you are
lost in a wilderness, and urgently want to contact someone. The phone does
not have signal (I said, is desert). You walk for a long time until you find one
that would have a better signal. And when you find, finds that mobile phone
battery left!
Scenario 2: You're holidays (or work) and see a landscape that you want to be
photographed for long memory (or publication). You take your digital camera,
but disappointed after he discovers that the battery is pesmeni.Tha could think
of other scenarios too, but there's the issue. Solar charger here present I made
for fun and not get lost in fear no gully and stay out of batteries (cell phone,
flashlight, camera, etc.) is just another great gadget to show my friends. And
who knows, may eventually need it in no blackout PPC!

The construction of solar photovoltaic charger


It was very easy and does not need many words are clear and the photos. I
used a wallet and two by solar cells (or solar cells) of amorphous silicon used in
the manufacture Make yourself a solar panel. (Eventually these photovoltaic
cells are small miracles of technology. Always take care to have enough in the
cupboard, because I always run out of ideas for ... gadgets solar energy - and
these cells are suitable for such experiments). Link them together (positive
power of one to the other positive and negative one with the other negative).
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Each one gives approximately 4,5 volt and 100mA no load, so this way I have a
combination that will finally give some 3,7 volt and 180mA when connected to a
load, eg a mobile phone with empty battery.
That should say to charge batteries for a while to 3,6 volt (eg 3 AA batteries,
AAA, C or D, a mobile phone battery 3,6 volt, or other device compatible with
these features - radio, mp3 player, ipod-type electronic devices, etc.). I will not
charge you, but we do need a load!
Stuck on the cardboard and those stuck on the inside of the wallet. I opened
two holes to discrete output cables so elegant. The cables can be wrapped in
the pouch wallet entering the money. They use all kinds of plugs. For example,
buy a cheap car charger, cut the plug that goes to the cigarette lighter and
connect the bare wires in two more cables pulling out the charger.
Optional but helpful:
1. A short passage from electronics store, connected to the positive cable to
prevent discharging the battery when there is sunshine.
2. Little rubber, leather or thick cloth around the solar cells to come into contact
and wear when you close the wallet.
Solar Power: Important notes
To charge a typical mobile phone battery (about 800mAI) just to make 2-3 calls
emergency, enough 15-20 minutes of sunshine.
1. This photovoltaic charger for emergencies and not to fully charge the battery
and every day.
2. Every mobile phone or other device has its own built-in charging circuit that
may not allow direct charging from the solar charger (you will probably need to
get out the battery from the device to the charge that the solar charger).
Construction costs
1. The purses, 1 million.
2. Two amorphous silicon solar cells, 7 million.
Total 8 million.
Improvements
I could use multiple wallet (credit card) that opens on more levels (or an oblong
piece of leather or cloth) and use 4 or more solar cells for more Volt or mA
(recommended: 8 CIS for 7,4 V and 360mA ) for a complete battery charging
mobile, mp3, etc. 2-3 hours.
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The thick cover of a book and put 4 solar cells on one side and the same
number to another (connected in series in each set of four cells, while both
4ades between them) in order to build one - impressive in form and function -
Portable foldable solar panel tabloid, who would be able to charge even 12 volt
batteries with 180mA time! Fold panels sold such expensive on the market.
Check this once folded solar panel construction with the new much stronger
monocrystalline cells. Even with such a cell can you make the above a small
solar charger even 5 times stronger! I recommend for those who are not
electronic.
"Projects survival after natural disasters"
Recent years have dramatically increased the factors that can lead to a crisis
that will affect a small or large extent how we live, or even short term:
Environmental degradation, climate change, global warming, energy crisis, oil
prices, asymmetric threats, terrorism, earthquakes, floods, fires, strikes or any
major damage to the power grid and electricity current it is some of the factors
that may affect the lifestyle to even the very survival of us if we find unprepared.

The recent fires and a few years ago a large earthquake are two examples of
the need to be prepared to face the consequences following from such
disasters. The upcoming (or already started?) Financial crisis may affect oil,
energy, electricity and elsewhere.
Usually, the problems we must face to do with the stream, drinking water and
cooking, lighting, communications and transport. Under plans survive without
power after natural disasters will be continuously added new articles to answer
exactly these needs. More specifically, how can the solar electricity from
photovoltaics to help in this direction.
Solar electric bicycle!

The bike and never bored ...


Bike solar electricity! You may have seen and the presentation I made in TV
channels and newspapers. This article describes an easy and economic
transformation of an ordinary bicycle electric bicycle powered by solar energy,
with power from the electricity network, as well as a regular bike. Answers to the
problem of movement where there is no possibility of using other modes (eg
lack of fuel or inaccessible roads).
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Here you see how easily converted an ordinary bicycle, as moving as a normal
bicycle, but with electricity as help!
My goal from the outset was not to remove features a bike:
The rider must pedal clicks, otherwise we go to buy a bike ... The solar cycle will
only have to assist the rider to be able to make longer journeys and not afraid of
climbs.
The second objective was to me the electric bike light and beautiful. I think I got
it! You will judge ...
The conversion to electric bike
The conversion to solar electric bike was very easy: buy abroad a ready
conversion kit that includes everything you need:
1. The front wheel in the center who has built a 250W motor that drives the
wheel of electricity (see photo).
2. The regulator controls the speed of the motor, the brake when he isolation,
etc., I put a small bag under the saddle.
3. Handles the steering wheel that replaces the bike (the right function as the
"accelerator" to motorbikes to regulate the speed).
4. Brake handles that replaces the bike: When you brake, the motor and isolate
it stops moving the solar bicycle.
As shown in the photographs, the placement of this is easy for someone to
"catch his hands."
Otherwise it could help a cycling.
1. Unscrew the front wheel and said the position of the new wheel that has a
built-in motor.
2. Unscrew the brake handle and said the new ones.
3. Find a convenient spot to place the compact controller (eg a saddle bag or
grilled).
4. We connect all the cables (from the motor, brakes and "throttle ¨) to the
controller, depending on their color (the written instructions were clear and
easy).
Finally, we join the two wires, positive and negative (red and black,
respectively), the control over their respective poles of the batteries located in a
small box behind the grill.
The batteries are 12V and three lead 13AI, closed type, such as those who
have bikes. They can be recharged with the charger from a simple electrical
socket PPC, but with solar photovoltaic panels.
Providing range of around 40 km at normal routes with a few climbs and helps
the rider to pedal a bit, especially at the start from zero (because there is
greater power consumption).
I could use smaller and lighter batteries (eg 7.5 AH) with half the size and
weight.
Or a small array of 30 nickel 8a The rechargeable batteries.
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As they say with cordless rechargeable vacuum cleaner and tools (but it is
better but quite expensive).
Walking by the solar bike
Anyone who makes a trip once with an electric bike, it never comes back again
in a simple bike ... The feeling is amazing! While you continue to do normal
cycling, not very tired, no sweat, you feel clean and refreshed many kilometers
you did.
It is like a motorbike, bicycle remains. Just where did before 5 km 15 now do
without thinking, so exercised and more. It's like you have with you a
professional racing cyclist invisible who stands with you pedal! Especially on
climbs is very important.
Also, you feel more energetic security. It accelerates much faster from zero, and
develops and higher speeds on the road (up to 35 kilometers per hour straight
at light pedal) to adjust to the traffic requirements.
And looking and all amazing!
Finally, you have an instrument if necessary, to move somewhere where there
is no other way (for example, inaccessible roads, fuel shortages, etc.).
The technical characteristics and cost of converting to electric bike
The motor is 36V - 250W and needs no maintenance (it is with permanent
magnets). The 250W is the average power that turns a professional cyclist
during a race.
The batteries are three 12voltes connected in series (plus to the other
alternately) to give the 36V wants the motor. The capacity should be at least 7AI
to have a range of around 15-20 km a day.
I put 13AI, but have more weight and volume. 7AI with the extra weight the bike
is about 12 pounds, but do not feel as you move. If it was the most expensive
nickel, the weight would be around just 5 pounds. In normal use would be
permanently almost 3 years before needing replacement.
The final cost was when I made 377 euros for the conversion kit (now are a little
cheaper). The batteries cost about 15 euros (7.5 AH) and 30 Euros (13AI) each
(need three).
Charging by solar energy (photovoltaic)
In my balcony I put 3 small PV of 20 Watt / p. I have taken some steps to wire
the ground and allow the electric bike to charge it after each use.
The photovoltaic panels are quite small so I can get them and me (fit in a large
briefcase). But it is better to get with me if I want security small charger, despite
a large portfolio ...
Can I remove the box with batteries and take it with me to recharge at home
and a wall (or the PV).
To fully charge the batteries enough 7AI 2.5 -3 hours in the charger or a power
breakfast (5-6 hours) the sun. Where it is completely empty. If the trip was our
example only 7-8 km, will take half the time to fully recharge it again. The
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electric bicycle requested by the organizers of the exhibition EnergyRes as one
of the main exhibits and the reaction of visitors who tried it was impressive! In
the photo right next to the electric bike in the solar car ...
Solar oven
• The solar oven to cook anything!
• The solar oven: Or else the solar oven. This article describes the easy (and
very popular) build a small solar oven made from wood, which will be able to
cook any meal as a conventional oven, with the difference that it would have no
electricity, only a little sunshine (even in winter)! Moreover, it can convert to
drinking water, water that normally would not be appropriate (even seawater).
Here we see that built a solar oven, that is a very simple and inexpensive
structure which can cook any food or boiling water, only with solar energy and
without electricity. The solar oven is a commercial version and abroad, which
sold for around 200 Euros. Us would cost us less than 30 euros!
The oven can be set at a temperature of 200 degrees Celsius for cooking. But
the food could be cooked and with much lower temperature, just twice a year.
It has been shown that all foods are cooked at temperatures over 100 degrees.
The solar oven temperatures from 110-140 degrees, depending on the sunlight.

How to develop such temperatures, the solar oven?


By leaving the details to be seen, we can say that the solar oven is essentially
an insulated box with glass lid. The solar radiation penetrates the glass and
converted into heat which is trapped within the bulk of the inside of the box,
constantly increasing temperature (global warming).
In about 45 minutes has reached 100 degrees, which is the boiling point of
water. The solar oven does not need continuous sunshine: Just the sun
appears for 30 minutes every hour, let there be sunny the rest of the time.
Also, the solar oven does not need high temperatures. You can cook even if the
snow settles and the temperature is 2 degrees. Long as there is sunshine. It is
obviously reasonable to expect that the months of November through February
will be fewer suitable days for the solar oven, than the rest of the year.
What made the solar oven
The construction is very easy, while the cost of materials does not exceed 30
euros. Even under conditions may also be less than 5 Euros!
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1. First order from a carpenter finished two wooden boxes as in the photo on
the left. One box should be slightly smaller than the other so that the little box to
fit inside the large, leaving about 3 cm gap from the sides and bottom. This gap
will fill with crumpled pieces of newspaper for insulation.
2. From a glass crafts order a piece of glass thickness 5 mm, with dimensions
such as to cover the entire top of the large external box (like a cap).
3. Cover interior walls of the small box with foil to reflect the light does not reach
directly to the pot cooking on it by the reflection (photo on right). Keep the glue
we use is non-toxic at high temperatures. On the basis of internal small box,
place a piece of sheet metal or dark.
4. Place a tape of foam (like that used for insulation in windows) around the
upper part of the two boxes that touches the glass. Beware of the possible
leakage of air out of little box when mounted on the window.
5. Finally, we make (like a cap) and a reflector made of wood and tin foil, which
reflects more light in the solar oven for even greater efficiency.
A slight tilt toward the sun increases the efficiency. The container must have lid
and made of metal and dark, preferably black. Also, not very big (barely able to
contain the food).
If you want an economical and handy solar cooker, we can use cardboard
boxes and instead cap glass, a transparent plastic sheet oven (sold in
supermarkets). The performance and durability of the oven but it will be much
lower.
The test of the solar oven
The test was in April with an outside temperature about 23 degrees C and
sunny. The digital thermometer, as shown in the pictures below, shows the
inside of the oven 139 degrees C! The burger was baked well in about 90
minutes, and the sausages that followed!
The next day I prepared a steak, which, because it was quite thick, baked in
about 3 hours. General chunks, potatoes and beans need more time, while the
thin pieces of meat, pasta (rice, pasta in a little water) and vegetables like
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considerably less time.
Solar air heater - Heating without power!
Solar space heating application - Solar Heater
The construction will show you here, you can warm a room in winter (the days
can be cold but it is sunny, even in part).
The solar panels are not suitable for heating a space, because the conversion
of solar energy into electricity and then again convert electrical energy into heat
means huge losses, making the solution of photovoltaic inefficient. Here
however, we will convert solar energy directly to heat, warming the air.
The solar air heater (solar heater) is very easy to manufacture and very cheap!
To me it cost about 30 euros in materials and 2 hours of my time!
This will see here is very small and because of this small area is suitable for a
small space like a small store a small camper, etc. (If you put two such panels).
Building but in the larger (and / or placing more) and can heat as larger spaces.
For example, here is a collector is 50cm wide and 100cm in height, is an area of
0.5 m
A room for example 10 m needs 1 / 5 of the surface collector, ie 2 m solar
collectors like this cooler.
So for an area 10 m will make a solar air heater (collector) with an area four
times greater than 0.5 m, ie a manifold with dimensions 2 m high, 1 meter in
width (2 m).
For a space of 20 sq.m. will make 2 panels 2 feet tall by 1 meter width each.
Construction
As shown in the picture above, we construct (or We order prepared by a
carpenter) a frame the size we want, depending on the square meters that we
want to heat (see above). In front of a glass place (in sticking around with clear
silicone).
The distance from the wood back to the front window should be about 7 cm per
1 meter of the collector. There will be heated air from the sun. The ratio of
height to width of the collector should be about 2:1.
On the back there should be two openings, one downstairs and one upstairs.
Underneath it gets cold and the air will exit from the top opening heat (hot air is
lighter than cold, so it goes and finds out of the top opening).
The next photo shows the exposures. I did at the beginning of the cycle
experiment, but it is preferable to a rectangular shape as in the following:
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1. The amount of slit inlet and outlet flow is approximately 6 cm on each


measure of the collector. If for example the height of the collector is 2
meters, then each slot should have a height of about 12 cm and a width
approximately the width of the collector. As said, the hot air will go out
with pressure alone, without using fan from the upper outlet as shown in
the representation of napkins I made the following illustration. The
collector is placed outside the wall of the space we want to heat. Open
a hole in the wall which communicates with the lower opening of the
collector and insulate the gaps that there are no leaks.
Or joined with a pipe, thus creating an air duct. From here it gets cold
air space. Do the same for the top opening of the collector and the wall
of our field. From there it will return the heated air is now back inside,
warming the.
Designed to prevent the reverse at night and cools the space, hang a
thin plastic sheet on the top exit. Because it is light, the pressure of the
hot air outlet to push so we did not cut off the path of air. At night there
is no air movement, the plastic visor falls and closes the exit.
I figured out (with several complex calculations that are not present),
that this structure we achieve approximately 1.000 BTU per square
meter collector. That is, with a collector area of 2 m win every day (from
10:00 to 16:00) over 10.000 BTU in free heat! 4 m win over 20.000
BTU. Not bad ...
And then the benefit is larger if we consider that when you get the sun
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and turn on a radiator, stove or electric heater, they will just have to
keep an already warm cozy and not the heat from 13 degrees to 19
(this implies a significant fuel economy or power).
The solar air heater can reach an area of 13-14 degrees Celsius
temperature of 19-20 degrees Celsius in two hours.
The first tests
The first trial began in January, on a sunny day, not exactly but with
enough sun. The outdoor temperature was just above 15 degrees
Celsius (digital thermometer behind the collector shows 18.4 because
there the air temperature is affected by the same collector).
I left the sink for 30 minutes in the sun. With a digital thermometer (and
this DIY) to measure the inlet temperature of cold air and it was 18.4.
Counted immediately after the outlet temperature of hot air was 50.4
degrees Celsius!
The solar air heater raised the temperature of air in his entire 32
degrees in seconds!
So even works very efficiently. His performance certainly went a bit
after I hung and stretched a black metal screen (like that put in windows
for insects) into the box and half the distance back to the window.
Being black and metallic, heat very quickly and transmits its heat to air
passing over and the next as he goes to find the exit onto the frame.
Applications
The applications are many: a small scale can heat a small space like a
caravan, a small workshop or garage, etc.
On a large scale, we can imagine the entire south side of a house
"dressed" with such collectors will pay 100.000 BTU each day indoors,
warming the day and saving fuel in the afternoon (because when put
into operation the radiator, the site will already at room temperature).
Because construction costs are low, the damping is too fast. In terms of
aesthetics, if done right job, the result is beautiful. What appears is a
black glass surface, where it would otherwise appear as the wall behind
the glass panels.
There are ways of storing heat supplied by the solar collector. But add
in complexity and will not go into here. Indicative only: The warm air of
the cooler can be directed onto a large diameter column filled with
water. The water will warm up much, but it slowly releases the heat it
until late in the evening after sunset.
Solar garden lights (not only)
That illuminate normal, not like the others ...!
This month I wanted to make solar garden lights! Not like these solar
lighting trade are looking to see if it is lit ...! These trade using one or
more led lights but they are only suitable for decorative lighting, not
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functional.
The "lights" led have evolved over the years, so I looked for someone
who is strong and with the least possible power consumption.
I ended up in the press led luxeon 1W. One Watt may seem little but is
not! One luxeon led more than 10 times brighter than usual led.
Thus, the brightness of 8 lights will be similar like we had almost 100 of
the simple solar lights!
Such a super-led not just to replace the small led to a typical solar
garden light, why would not it supported the electronic circuit or the
battery.
But better! Anyway I do not like the shape and quality of these cheap
solar lighting.
Here we will make a conversion kit that can be put into any luminaire as
normal outdoor lighting powered by the power of PPC.
Only with this conversion kit will not need cables to the garden or watch
the installation of electricity, nor would we have monthly bills or will
need 2,000 euros for the electrical and material!
It will be a conversion kit that could find application in other uses:
1. Lighting billboard advertising
2. Lights on the balcony
3. Indoor Lighting (warehouse, small room, Light Box, etc).
Construction
The only materials needed are:
1. The powerful luxeon led 1W
2. A three compartment three batteries with rechargeable batteries
2000-3000mA
3. Two small photovoltaic panelakia almost 6V
4. A bracket of the photovoltaic (I used a wall bracket for a small
speaker, but would do and a simple wooden pasalaki or a small piece
of sheet metal)
5. An electronic kyklomataki - night sensor 3,6 V
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As shown in the photo above, assembly is easy:


1. The two outer wires of the board go in positive and negative terminals of the
battery.
2. The two internal wires of the board go to their respective poles led.
3. The positive and negative power of the photovoltaic go to the respective
poles of the battery to charge it from the sun.
When I say battery, I mean a three compartment three batteries with
rechargeable AA batteries of 1,2 V (with a capacity of at least 2.000AI).
I put them all in a waterproof plastic electrical box, which had opened a small
hole for projecting the photoresists of the electronic circuit board (PCB) and
another one to come out the wires going to the lamp and led to PV.
The board - night sensor, the photoresists understands the darkness to
automatically turn on the lamp. Similarly understands and daylight to turn off the
light.
The sensor night was the hardest part, after the market offered only to 12V,
while the kit needs to 3,6 V. Okay, just looked and found how to convert a
kyklomataki 12V to 3,6 V (once I get some time to convert some friends and not
electronic) ...
The photograph shows the final installation. The box containing the light kit
fastened to the back of the photovoltaic element. The lamp led light coming into
the outer space from a hole that opened at the top, as shown in next photo (the
kit could be put in and the light for not shown). Insulation gaps with silicone to
protect from rain.
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His performance is more than adequate, and illuminate for many hours at night,
those were the peak hours of sunshine a day and a bit more!
If that is a summer day saw 6 hours of intense sunshine will glow for about 8-10
hours a night. The winter count to work for about 6-7 hours a night.
The photovoltaic panels instead of inserted at the top of the lamp could be
placed lower, for example based on a piece of sheet metal in the base of the
lamp, or beside the lamp on a wooden or metal pasalaki.
Other uses of lighting kit
As mentioned above, lighting kit can be used elsewhere. With 3 kit (without
natural light metal) placed next to each other on an elongated plastic, wood or
aluminum base, can illuminate an advertising billboard. With 3 or 4 kits can
illuminate even a small room or store! In the latter case not even need a board-
sensor night, since we can turn on a switch (and thus greatly reducing the cost).

The cost for the entire lighting kit


7.00 Euros luxeon led
12.00 Euro plate sensor night
28.00 Euro PV
Total 47.00 euros. Other cost me 9.00 euros in outdoor lighting. With less than
450 euros to say, I'll post 8 solar garden lights that do work! Solar lights: When
and where no electricity or power is expensive, there is a safety issue. This
article describes the construction of a lighting kit at a very low current (only
works with 3 AA batteries of 1,2 V), but which is very light and can be used in
garden lights and elsewhere. Lights automatically sunset and off in the morning,
thus operating without the presence of mas.Enas would ask an electrician about
2,000 euros, not counting the electricity bill and the table or the clock, like
digging in the garden. .. I'm good and the environment. And if need be in no
blackout, bring 2-3 of these solar lights in the house ...!
• What do I need solar and what are the prices?
Photovoltaics: prices for all equipment
Also, practical method of calculating consumption and small size PV system for
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Spring, Summer and Autumn.
Note: The prices for photovoltaic and other equipment at the end of this article.
First you must calculate the consumption of each appliance. Suppose then that
we have 3 lamps economy 15W (a 15W energy saving bulb is equivalent to an
incandescent lamp of 60W) and a TV 14 ".
A 15 watt bulb economy consumes 15 watts per hour. In 4 hours 60 watt / hours
(4 hours X 15 watts). Three such lamps 4 hours each one, using a total of 180
watt / hours (3 lamps x 4 hours x 15 watts).
A 14-inch TV consumes about 40 watts an hour, consumes 5 hours, 200 watt /
hours (5 hours x 40 watts).
Similarly we can calculate the consumption of other devices and finally
aggregate the consumption to find the total consumption of the system
(consumption of each device is usually printed on some of the device or on the
feeder / transformer).
So the bulbs and TV will consume a total of 380 watts / hours each day.
Calculating sized photovoltaic panels
To find the correct size of the required initial solar divide this number by 5, those
conventional and, on average, so the useful hours of sunshine. So we have
about 380 / 5 = 75Wp power requirement of the photovoltaic (if you want to
calculate and November to February would be dividing by 3).
Calculation size battery (accumulator 12V)
Similarly, to find the right size battery (accumulator 12V), multiply by 2 the least
(to not empty completely each day and reduce the battery life). So 380CH2 =
800 watt / hours the required capacity of the battery. Since the battery capacity
indicated in Ah (ampere hours), divide the battery voltage (12 volts): 800/12 =
about 65Ah. The larger this size, the better. We do not use a car battery, but
battery (battery) closed, deep discharge.
Finally, increasing the size of the PV and battery by 25% to predict and losses
will inevitably have the system. This results in PV around 90Wp and battery
over 80Ah.
All this for a photovoltaic system for a day. If we can predict about 2 days of
complete cloud almost doubles the size of the PV and battery reached above.
The inverter (inverter) 220V
If the equipment is our 12 volt to connect on the battery (or rymthisti charge, if
such a possibility). If you want some devices use 220-volt inverter (inverter)
220V. Its size depends on the total watts for appliances that operate
simultaneously (in mind that appliances with motors, such as in refrigerators
can pull instantly when booting up to 10 times more watts than the names of so
choose correspondingly large inverter). Inverter are so-called modified sine and
pure sine relatively expensive as PPC (or higher).
This is a practical method for calculating both small photovoltaic systems that
can make everyone. In older systems, what we have a professional approach to
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analytical study.
Photovoltaic systems, photovoltaic systems Prices
Prices for PV systems vary depending on the price list for each company. In
general, however, prices for photovoltaic panels is one of about 4.5 up to 5.0
per Wp power (eg panel 50Wp 250 million). The acquisition of several panels,
and the price falls below the 4.0 per Wp.
The price of a battery deep discharge is slightly lower than 2.0 per Ah capacity.
So a deep discharge battery (Deep Cycle) 100A capacity costs around 180
euros.
The values of an inverter and a charge controller is considerably lower than
those of solar and battery (battery).
Prices regulators begin charging 25 euros for small panels and can be
overcome and EUR 100 if they are to support more panels. There are charge
controllers with advanced features that costs a lot more. The price of an inverter
300 Watt modified sine is about 50 euros and a 1.500 Watt about 150 euros
(the pure sine inverter cost 3 to 4 times more). Here we will try to explain in
simple words what are the solar panels, the inverter (inverter) 220V, batteries
(battery) 12V, the charge controller, how do we calculate our needs in a stream,
the required size and connections of PV.
Photovoltaic panels
What is it and how the photovoltaic panels
The main part of a photovoltaic system is naturally photovoltaics. They consist
of a frame (panel) in which solar cells are located (or cells). The characteristic of
the photovoltaic cells that convert sunlight into electricity. On the back side of
solar panels leaving two wires (positive and negative + -) from where we get
electricity.
Performance of photovoltaic
Photovoltaic panels convert only a fraction of solar energy into electricity. How
big is this figure depends on the type of photovoltaic cells.
The so-called single crystal components have the greatest return (convert up to
17% of solar energy into electricity). The polycrystalline data are slightly lower
yield (13% -15%), but cheaper than monocrystalline.
There are so-called "amorphous" consisting of a single area and not
interconnected photovoltaic cells as above. They have a lower yield (5% -10%)
but are cheaper. Just need a larger surface to give the same effect in
monocrystalline or polycrystalline solar panels.
Available solar energy photovoltaic
The sun provides over 1000 Watt per square meter. Thus, a photovoltaic
dimensions one meter width and height of one meter (ie one square meter) will
produce around 160 Watt hour consists of a monocrystalline solar cells, about
140 Watt per hour consists of a polycrystalline solar cells and about 80 Watt per
hour if, for example amorphous silicon.
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A photovoltaic rated maximum power 100 Wp output turns around and 20 Volt 5
Ampere (20X5 = 100). We can connect what we photovoltaic panels in series or
parallel, to achieve the supply voltage (volt), amperage (ampere) and of course
the total power (watt) that we have in our system.
Example: connected solar
If we have 10 solar panels power 100Wp each, connected in series will have a
total voltage of about 200V 5A and intensity. Associate will also have overall
trend of about 20V and intensity 50a. In both cases, the total capacity is 1.000
Watt / p. That is, 5 hours of intense sunshine a day, will pay 5.000 Watt / hours
per day, or else 5KWh.
Photovoltaic systems connected in series mean when we connect with each
other, connecting the positive power output of one panel to the negative of the
other, that alternatively the + to - etc.
Connected together is when we connect the positive cable to output a panel
with the following positive and negative output cable to the negative the next.
Series is summed only the voltage (the volt), while only the summed intensity
(the ampere).
The photovoltaic panels typically connect in series for higher voltage (volt) when
it comes to syndedethoun to the electricity network. Although intended for
autonomous system with accumulators (batteries), then the required voltage is
dependent on batteries. If the voltage of the batteries is 12V, then connect the
solar parallel (the voltage stays constant and multiply the Ampere).
Sunlight in Greece
A PV system rated 1 KWp (for example, 10 solar panels 100Wp each) returns
to Greece from about 1.150 KWh (northern Greece) to 1.450 KWh (southern
Greece) year. In Attica, the Cyclades and the Dodecanese islands around the
1.300-1350 KWh. To find the average daily output of a solar panel, we tend to
multiply its rated power for 5.
Thus, a solar panel rated 100Wp, estimated daily take 500Wh (0,5 KWh) on
average. It is obvious that in the summer, the average yield will be higher than
the average production in winter (July or August is almost double than in
December or January)

Battery charge controllers


What is it and how the regulators battery charging
The charge is a simple electronic device to ensure proper charging of the
batteries (battery) of the photovoltaic system.
Controls the charging process and stops charging when it finds that the battery
is fully charged. Otherwise there would be a serious risk of damaging the
battery
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Since the batteries tend to be discharged out even if no power to any device,
charge controller shall automatically resume the process of charging the battery
if it finds that the trend has fallen below the level of full load.
Many charge controllers have a slot on the connecting electrical devices that we
want to switch over to battery. So have the additional capability to interrupt the
operation of electrical appliances when they discover that the battery is almost
completely emptied, shielding her again in this way complete discharge would
lead to its destruction.
Select the correct charge regulator
The size of the charge controller depends on the size of PV will connect on it.
Must outweigh the total intensity in Ampere photovoltaics. If, for example, rated
in Ampere of PV is 10A, you must choose a 12A charge regulator.
It should also be suitable for the voltage of the photovoltaic system. If the PV
earn a total voltage 12V, select control for photovoltaic 12V. If our solar earn
overall trend 24V, select control for photovoltaic 24V.
It is good to predict for the future. If we have to expand our solar system with
more solar panels in the future, then it is advisable to choose a larger charge
controller to cover future needs.
Voltage converter (inverter)
Converter voltage: 12V DC Convert (DC) to 220V alternating (AC) power
The inverter (can see them referred to as inverter or converter) is a device that
converts DC (DC) current of the PV system into alternating (AC) power 220V.
So can we supply the solar battery system, all household appliances require
220 Volt.
The inverter or converter 220V is a double wire (positive - negative) over the
poles of the battery. It usually has one or two sockets as sockets that have walls
of our house, on which we connect devices that require 220V, directly or using
πολύμπριζο or balanteza.Den matter how many devices will connect at the
same time, enough power for all devices operating at the same time not to
exceed the allowable power inverter - converter voltage. So if you have an
inverter 200W (200 Watt), can operate while a television 60W, a ventilator 40W,
a 60W laptop and lamps economy 40W total power.
A good converter will shut down if you accidentally connect a device Watt more
than it can afford, thus protecting our appliances. The same would make a good
quality inverter if it finds that it is almost empty battery There inverter from 50W
to 10.000W. Usually we use inverter from 150W to 1.200W depending of course
on our needs. A small solar system back-up for power failure may be served by
an inverter 300W, but a large photovoltaic system that covers all the daily needs
for a whole house will want to inverter and more than 4.000W.

Inverter with modified and inverter with pure sine


The inverter can be divided into modified sine inverter (modified sine-wave) and
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pure sine inverter (pure / true sine-wave).
A converter with modified sine, is cheaper than one with pure sine and is
suitable for most devices. But consumes up to 20% more battery power than a
pure sine inverter. Moreover, in TVs and sound systems of poor quality will hear
a slight hum.
On the other hand, the only downside with the pure sine inverter is their price,
after three to four times more expensive than a counterpart with modified sine. If
you have sensitive electronic devices, it is good to use for those with pure sine
inverter.
The devices operate with motors (eg refrigerator) to require a moment (when
you start the motor) multiple Watt (eg five times or more) than their normal
function. This is something we need to know when choosing the converter to
select a greater effect on the overall (nominal) Watt of devices that operate
simultaneously.
Cost - Prices inverter
A modified sine inverter 300W will cost around 50 euros, and a 300W inverter
with pure sine has cost around 200 euros.
The price of a modified sine inverter 1200W is approximately 200 euros, while
the price of an inverter 1200W with pure sine is approximately 800.
The prices certainly are indicative because they depend on the quality of
construction, origin, brand converter, etc.
Photovoltaics: prices for all equipment
Also, practical method of calculating consumption and small size PV system for
Spring, Summer and Autumn.
Note: The prices for photovoltaic and other equipment at the end of this article.
First you must calculate the consumption of each appliance. Suppose then that
we have 3 lamps economy 15W (a 15W energy saving bulb is equivalent to an
incandescent lamp of 60W) and a TV 14 ".
A 15 watt bulb economy consumes 15 watts per hour. In 4 hours 60 watt / hours
(4 hours X 15 watts). Three such lamps 4 hours each one, using a total of 180
watt / hours (3 lamps x 4 hours x 15 watts).
A 14-inch TV consumes about 40 watts an hour, consumes 5 hours, 200 watt /
hours (5 hours x 40 watts).
Similarly we can calculate the consumption of other devices and finally
aggregate the consumption to find the total consumption of the system
(consumption of each device is usually printed on some of the device or on the
feeder / transformer).
So the bulbs and TV will consume a total of 380 watts / hours each day.
Calculating sized photovoltaic panels
To find the correct size of the required initial solar divide this number by 5, those
conventional and, on average, so the useful hours of sunshine. So we have
about 380 / 5 = 75Wp power requirement of the photovoltaic (if you want to
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ΡΑΡΤΗΜΑ Α
calculate and November to February would be dividing by 3).
Calculation size battery (accumulator 12V)
Similarly, to find the right size battery (accumulator 12V), multiply by 2 the least
(to not empty completely each day and reduce the battery life). So 380CH2 =
800 watt / hours the required capacity of the battery. Since the battery capacity
indicated in Ah (ampere hours), divide the battery voltage (12 volts): 800/12 =
about 65Ah. The larger this size, the better. We do not use a car battery, but
battery (battery) closed, deep discharge.
Finally, increasing the size of the PV and battery by 25% to predict and losses
will inevitably have the system. This results in PV around 90Wp and battery
over 80Ah.
All this for a photovoltaic system for a day. If we can predict about 2 days of
complete cloud almost doubles the size of the PV and battery reached above.
The inverter (inverter) 220V

If the equipment is our 12 volt to connect on the battery (or


rymthisti charge, if such a possibility). If you want some devices
use 220-volt inverter (inverter) 220V. Its size depends on the total
watts for appliances that operate simultaneously (in mind that
appliances with motors, such as in refrigerators can pull instantly
when booting up to 10 times more watts than the names of so
choose correspondingly large inverter). Inverter are so-called
modified sine and pure sine relatively expensive as PPC (or
higher).
This is a practical method for calculating both small photovoltaic
systems that can make everyone. In older systems, what we have
a professional approach to analytical study.
Photovoltaic systems, photovoltaic systems Prices
Prices for PV systems vary depending on the price list for each
company. In general, however, prices for photovoltaic panels is
one of about 4.5 up to 5.0 per Wp power (eg panel 50Wp 250
million). The acquisition of several panels, and the price falls
below the 4.0 per Wp.
The price of a battery deep discharge is slightly lower than 2.0 per
Ah capacity. So a deep discharge battery (Deep Cycle) 100A
capacity costs around 180 euros.
The values of an inverter and a charge controller is considerably
lower than those of solar and battery (battery).
Prices regulators begin charging 25 euros for small panels and
can be overcome and EUR 100 if they are to support more panels.
There are charge controllers with advanced features that costs a
lot more. The price of an inverter 300 Watt modified sine is about
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50 euros and a 1.500 Watt about 150 euros (the pure sine inverter
cost 3 to 4 times more).
How do I calculate the demand for electricity?
A simple way of calculating the power consumption and size of a
photovoltaic system.
Each device has more of a small tag that lists the power
consumption of the device. For example, a 21-inch TV can write
220 volt and 0.5 Amps (A). This means you can consume 220 x
0,5 = 110 Watt. Some devices may display only and not 220 volt
amps. In this case, it will report directly watt. In the previous
example will create 220 volt and 110 watt.
This means that more electrical appliance will consume in a fully
operational 110 watt per hour to operate. In practice it may
consume less, if, for example, works with low brightness and low
volume.
Step 1: Saving Energy
An Example of are light bulbs. A light bulbs of 60 watt, such as
those that most use for lighting the premises, consumes 60 watt
hours for each operation. This means that if we have 5 such lamps
operate on average 6 hours 24 hours each one, then the
consumption will be 5 X 6 X 60 = 1.800 Wh 24 hours.
Compared to incandescent economy of 15 watt (which is
"attached" as the common incandescent bulbs of 60 watt) have 5
X 6 X 15 = 450 Wh, ie an economy 1.350 watt per 24 hours.
When designing a photovoltaic system, the main and first thing
which needs to start is to examine the potential for energy savings.

Step 2: Calculation of consumption


1. Multiply the Watt each device by the number of hours they will
work.
2. The sum of all those of the products will be our total daily
consumption in Wh.
3. Because there are no leaks in our system and hidden
consumption of appliances that are not calculated (eg devices that
consume electricity even closed or on hold), multiply the previous
total by 1.5.
So, if after these 3 steps we conclude that we need a total for all of
our components 600 Wh per 24 hours, you must install a
photovoltaic system (panels - panels - solar power) and battery
(batteries) that can provide us at least 600 Wh per day.
Step 3: Computes the size batteries
Accumulators (batteries) indicate the capacity in Ah (ampere per
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hour). Thus, a battery of 12 volt 100 Ah and provides 12 X 100 =
1.200 watt DC (DC) for 1 hour or 120 watt for 10 hours or 12 watt
for 100 hours. Another important indicator is the one who gives us
information on the rate of decay by which the battery can give
quoted Ah. Thus, 100 Ah C20 means that the 100 Ah achieved
when the gradual discharge lasts 20 hours. For fewer hours (C10,
10 hours) get fewer Ah, but a gradual discharge more hours (eg
C100, 100 hours) get significantly more Ah.
1. It is preferable when working to provide a few more watt hours
than many watt for a few, because if the latter is reduced
drastically the time of their lives.
2. Never completely discharged batteries as this may destroy
them.
3. There are different types of batteries with different levels of
allowable discharge. The general rule in commo