Lang 2. High Tech life Lang 2.1. Announcing a new device 3-4-5 levels 40-50 min.

GOAL. To learn some vocabulary features of high-tech language. WARM-UP TASK 1. Answer this quick survey on the presence of technology in our lives. I. How old are your high tech products? (i.e. 5 years, 1.5 years. 3-month, not yet) hand-held telephone Palm PDA TV monitor portablePC desk PC audio in car iPod (or likewise) Videocamera DVD TCT CD GPS

II. Which ones have a presence in your classroom? …………………………………..…….. III. Which ones have been learning tools for your English? …………………………………..…….. LANGUAGE STUDY. TASK 2. Underline all high tech expressions in this narrative passage

I was a low tech person until it happened. Probably the people to blame are two university teachers who asked for a team-up assignment with an uncanny deadline. This was absolutely crazy and made us -students- hate in some ways these teachers but, in my personal life had the side-effect of making Pablo and I almost a family, we spent a huge time together that year 2001 and we even borrowed personal expressions and habits from each other, it was a bitter, but sweet, experience :). This new cooperative environment allowed me to admire PDAs, to find them useful and even to think of purchasing one. What most amazed me was seen what could Pablo could do in his PDA. I can mention these ones: He had friends' addresses, notes and meetings and everything was synchronized with his Desktop PC at home (inside MS Outlook, this is very important because you know that everything you write down in

your PDA is safely stored home so if you lose it or something you can ever get the information back), he could check the best way to arrive from a place to another one in many cities, he could check how to go from a city to another, he could play chess against his PDA I really liked this ;), he could read e-books, news and more. So I decided to buy a Zire71, which was not a bad choice for the money I had at the moment, at the end however my strained parents gave me the Palm Zire71 as a Christmas present before finishing my degree. However it was not until I began to use my own PDA that I realised the real power of these machines. To begin with, to have a PDA in your pocket is like to have a desktop PC in your pocket, you can do almost anything you usually do in a desktop PC. The main uses in my Zire71 were: reading ebooks, reading the

news, use of dictionaries (EnglishEnglish, English-Spanish, SpanishEnglish, ..), use of calculator, listening to music (the only difference between a PDA and an iPod is that and iPod can carry on more songs because they have a built in harddrive, but if you only want to take with you a few LPs a

PDA can suit you), agenda, notes, addresses and phone numbers, Word, Excel and Access documents, programs to know how to arrive from city A to city B and more. To have all these capabilities in your pocket is quite a difference and can make one's life easier.

TASK 3. This paragraph refers to a well known object. You can also make personal notes next to B.O.O.K. text entries with an optional programming tool, the Portable Erasable Nib Cryptic Intercommunication Language Stylus, [...] I. Can you relate this ‘programming tool’ to something in your classroom? What can it be? ……….. II. Perhaps you can do it if you add the final item: (a.k.a. P.E.N.C.I.L.S.) where a.k.a. stands for ‘also known as’. Have a go: …………………….. TASK 4. Fill in the six following features using the words at the end:

1. specific nouns: 3. use of passive: 5. Acronyms:

.........................................................................

2. descriptive adjectives: .........................................................................
.........................................................................

4. use of nominal adjectives: .........................................................................
.........................................................................

6. high-tech publicity phrases: .........................................................................
No wires / CD-ROM / compact device / technology / revolutionary breakthrough / nothing to be connected / BOOK, be switched on / Just lift its cover! batteries / Basic Orderly Organised Knowledge / circuits / portable

TASK 5. This sentences are part of a paragraph in a tech mag. Put them in order. a) An optional "BOOKmark" accessory allows you to open the BOOK to the exact place you left it in a previous session -even if the BOOK has been closed. b) The number is limited only by the number of pages in the BOOK. c) Conversely, numerous BOOKmarks can be used in a single BOOK if the user wants to store numerous views at once.

d) Many come with an "index" feature, which pinpoints the exact location of any selected information for instant retrieval. e) BOOKmarks fit universal design standards; thus, a single BOOKmark can be used in BOOKs by various manufacturers.

right order: ….…+ ………+ …..… +………+ ..……

Lang 2.2. Portable & durable hand-held devices

3-4-5 levels 40-50 min.

GOAL. To discover the language of technology with a humourous text. WARM UP (with a pinch of humourous wit). TASK 1. Do these activities. Q1. How were your parents entertained in the XXth century? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…… Q2. Read this tech passage (the last paragraph of a text you will read soon) that deals with entertainment and guess which modern device is publicised: …………………………… Portable, durable, and affordable, the B.O.O.K. is being hailed as the entertainment wave of the future. The B.O.O.K.'s appeal seems so certain that thousands of content creators have committed to the platform. Look for a flood of new titles soon.

LANGUAGE STUDY TASK 2. Can you relate the device described in the introduction of a leaflet to something you have in the classroom ? ……………………..

Announcing a new device: Basic Orderly Organised Knowledge
The B.O.O.K. is a revolutionary breakthrough in technology: No wires, no electric circuits, no batteries, nothing to be connected or switched on. It's so easy to use even a child can operate it. Just lift its cover! Compact and portable, it can be used anywhere - even sitting in an armchair by the fire - yet it is powerful enough to hold as much information as a CD-ROM disc. TASK 3. To understand how the device works, Q1 can you guess what object is described with the first - in this peculiar English’ – paragraph? Each Basic Orderly Organised Knowledge is constructed of sequentially numbered sheets of paper (recyclable), each capable of holding thousands of bits of information. These pages are locked together with a custom-fit device called a binder which keeps the sheets in their correct sequence. Opaque Paper Technology (OPT) allows manufacturers to use both sides of the sheet, doubling the information density and cutting costs in half.

Q2. After reading these three lines, write what you guessed: .........................

Experts are divided on the prospects for further increases in information density; for now BOOKs with more information simply use more pages. This makes them thicker and harder to carry, and has drawn some criticism from the mobile computing crowd. TASK 4. Fill in these linguistic features trom the text in previous task: 1. specific nouns: .........................................................................

2. descriptive adjectives: ......................................................................... 3. use of passive: .........................................................................

4. use of nominal adjectives: ......................................................................... 5. Acronyms: .........................................................................

6. high-tech publicity phrases: .........................................................................

7. others: ................................................. .........................................................................

TASK 5. Our last paragraph has some ‘high level of information density’ but doesn’t prevents readability. Copy the words you see for the first time.
Each sheet is scanned_ optically, registering_information directly into your brain. A flick of the finger takes you to the next sheet. The BOOK may be taken up at any time and used by merely opening it. The BOOK never crashes and never needs rebooting, though like other display devices it can become unusable if dropped overboard. The "browse" feature allows you to move instantly to any sheet, and move forward or backward as you wish.

................................................. .........................................................................

TASK 6. Can you answer these easy questions? Write three devices that can crash: ...................... .................. .....................

Find antonyms for breakable, fragile .......................... difficult access ......................... Find synonyms for: reading .................................. understanding ...................................... turn the page over .............................

numbered pages ..................................

be taken up at any time...........................................................

Annex 1

Announcing a new device: Basic Orderly Organised Knowledge (BOOK)
The BOOK is a revolutionary breakthrough in technology: No wires, no electric circuits, no batteries, nothing to be connected or switched on. It's so easy to use even a child can operate it. Just lift its cover! Compact and portable, it can be used anywhere - even sitting in an armchair by the fire - yet it is powerful enough to hold as much information as a CD-ROM disc. Here's how it works...

Each BOOK is constructed of sequentially numbered sheets of paper (recyclable), each capable of holding thousands of bits of information. These pages are locked together with a custom-fit device called a binder which keeps the sheets in their correct sequence. Opaque Paper Technology (OPT) allows manufacturers to use both sides of the sheet, doubling the information density and cutting costs in half.

Experts are divided on the prospects for further increases in information density; for now BOOKs with more information simply use more pages. This makes them thicker and harder to carry, and has drawn some criticism from the mobile computing crowd.

Each sheet is scanned optically, registering information directly into your brain. A flick of the finger takes you to the next sheet. The BOOK may be taken up at any time and used by merely opening it. The BOOK never crashes and never needs rebooting, though like other display devices it can become unusable if dropped overboard. The "browse" feature allows you to move instantly to any sheet, and move forward or backward as you wish.

Many come with an "index" feature, which pinpoints the exact location of any selected information for instant retrieval. An optional "BOOKmark" accessory allows you to open the BOOK to the exact place you left it in a previous session -even if the BOOK has been closed. BOOKmarks fit universal design standards; thus, a single BOOKmark can be used in BOOKs by various manufacturers. Conversely, numerous BOOKmarks can be used in a single BOOK if the user wants to store numerous views at once. T he number is limited only by the number of pages in the BOOK.

• •

You can also make personal notes next to BOOK text entries with an optional programming tool, the Portable Erasable Nib Cryptic Intercommunication Language Stylus (PENCILS). Portable, durable, and affordable, the BOOK is being hailed as the entertainment wave of the future. The BOOK's appeal seems so certain that thousands of content creators have committed to the platform. Look for a flood of new titles soon.

[source http://homepage.tinet.ie/~nobyrne/books.htm ]

Lang 2. 3. Dealing with bugs, virus, glitches

3-4-5 levels 40-50 min.

GOAL. To read between the lines with uncanny, humourous texts. TASK 1. High Tech fears rule our daily routines in unsuspected ways. Do both activities. Q1. Observe this message and answer the questions below. January 4, 2000 Dear Valued Employee: Re: Vacation Pay Our records indicate that you have ...... Please either take ........... take or notify our office and your next pay check will reflect ............... . Sincerely, Automated Payroll Processing
I. Who ‘wrote’ it? ……………………… II. Who is in charge of ‘our record indicate’? …………………………………..……..………………………………….. III. What does ‘Re: ’ stand for in the message? …………………………………..……..………………………………….. IV. When was it issued? …………………………………..……..………………………………….. V. What happened that previous week? ................................................................... VI. Have you heard of Y2T bug? ……………

Q2. Observe the full body of the message and answer the questions below Our records indicate that you have not used any vacation time over the past 100 year(s). As I'm sure you are aware, employees are granted 3 weeks of paid leave per year or pay in lieu of time off. One additional week is granted for every 5 years of service. Please either take 9,400 days off work or notify our office and your next pay check will reflect payment of $8,277,432.22 which will include all pay and interest for the past 1,200 months.
I. Wouldn't you like to work for THIS company? ………………………….………………..…….. II. What went wrong? ………………………………………………………………..…………… III. How did it affect to you? ………………………..……..…………………………………..…….. IV. Who fixed it? …………………..…….…………………..……..………………………………

TASK 2. How did this programmer misunderstand the Year 2 Thousand (Y2T) virus?
MEMORANDUM TO: Y2K COORDINATOR FROM: JUNIOR PROGRAMMER

Voice 622-7016, Pager 1800-624-4541 - PIN 1702963
.............................. Then explain these terms: voice........................ ............................... pager ....................... ...............................

I hope I haven't misunderstood your instructions. Because to be honest, none of this Y to K problem makes any sense to me. At any rate, I have finished converting all the company calendars so that the year 2000 is ready to go with the following new months: Januark Februark Mak Julk The new days will be: Sundak Mondak Tuesdak Wednesdak Thursdak Fridak Saturdak Let me know if I can change anything else! Dan Brooks, Y2K CPE,

PIN ..........................

..............................

LANGUAGE STUDY Where high tech meets the media TASK 3. Underline all the expressions related to computers in this report.
American RadioWorks. The Y2K computer problem aka the Milennium bug Back in the middle of 2004, our staff was in a meeting discussing upcoming projects with predictions of possible future calamity. We were discussing how to handle that when one person said, "What if nothing happens? Then it will be just another Y2K - all hype." My background is in computers, and I knew that in terms of the actual computer problem, Y2K was very real, and began arguing so [but] those around the table who were reporters at the time argued that from the news perspective, nothing happened. After the meeting, our Executive Editor pointed out that the five-year anniversary of Y2K was coming up and suggested that we look into whether there was a story here about if Y2K was real or a hoax, what misperceptions of Y2K remain, and about how Y2K might still be affecting us. The first thing we discovered was one of the most surprising to me. We couldn't find any reporting on Y2K after about March of 2000. This project had a number of goals. First: to find out if Y2K was a success, or just hype. The answer seems to be yes and yes. The problem was very real and the consequences for doing nothing were huge. A second goal was to give credit where it's due. We all know the impossible situation of only being noticed when something goes wrong. As long as the phones keep ringing (which they do nearly all the time) we don't think much about the phone company. But when something goes wrong, we grumble at how incompetent the phone company must be.

TASK 4. Read this report on Y2T with highlighted expressions related to computers. How could you organise the lexical items in bold type in a mind map? News shows talked about the threat of a major computer malfunction that might hit in the year 2000. The effects of a tiny, seemingly innocuous computer glitch, a tiny glitch a lot of people say could literally blow the lights out on civilization. As the year 2000 approached, programmers started warning that computers could misread the 0-0 as the year 1900. That might cause breakdowns. No one knew how widespread computer malfunctions might be, but people started thinking about all the things that are run by computers. Things like hospital equipment. Air traffic control. Nuclear weapons. In the early days of programming, computer code used two digit numbers for dates. That let computers work faster. No one thought the software would still be in use decades later, but it was. The US government spent nearly nine billion dollars to fix its computers. Businesses spent many times more to upgrade theirs. Some businesses underreacted to the problem at first, and then spent more money than they should have scrambling to fix their software - but it did have to be fixed. Before Y2K hit, many businesses ran tests: They advanced their computer clocks to 2000 - and the computers didn't work.

Humour was another spin-off of the authentic problem. TASK 5. Read this passage and do both activities.

An atmosphere close to panic prevails today throughout Europe as the millennial year approaches, bringing with it the so-called "Millenial Bug", a menace which, until recently, hardly anyone had ever heard of. Prophets of doom are warning that the entire fabric of Western Civilization, based as it now is upon computations, could collapse, and that there is simply not enough time left to fix the problem.
Q1. Which is a downside to our technological lives? …………………………………………………………..……..…………………………………..…………… Q2.. Where would you insert these 3 words (1000 "Y1K Bug" monastic) in lines 1, 2 & 4 to create a funny passage. Copy it below. We give you the title with its proper setting.
The Y1K Crisis -Dateline, A.D. 999: Canterbury, England.
…………………………………………………………..……..…………………………………..………………………………………………………… …………………………………..……..…………………………………..……..…………………………………..………………………………….. …………………………………………………………..……..…………………………………..…………………………………………………….. …………………………………..……..…………………………………..……..…………………………………..………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………..……..…………………………………..……..…………………………………..……..

TASK 6. Understanding between the lines. Now think in reverse gear for the next part of the text. Q1. Underlined the meaningful sentences that related to the authentic Y2T troubles.

Just how did this disaster-in-the-making ever arise? Why did no one anticipate that a change from a three-digit to a four-digit year would throw into total disarray all liturgical chants and all metrical verse in which any date is mentioned? Every formulaic hymn, prayer, ceremony and incantation dealing with dated events will have to be re-written to accommodate three extra syllables. All tabular chronologies with three-space year columns, maintained for generations by scribes using carefully hand-ruled lines on vellum sheets, will now have to be converted to four-space columns, at enormous cost. In the meantime, the validity of every official event, from baptisms to burials, from confirmations to coronations, may be called into question. Stonemasons are already reported threatening to demand a proportional pay increase for having to carve an extra numeral in all dates on tombstones, cornerstones and monuments. Together with its inevitable ripple effects, this alone could plunge the hitherto-stable medieval economy into chaos. A conference of clerics has been called at Winchester to discuss the entire issue, but doomsayers are convinced that the matter is now one of personal survival. Many families, in expectation of the worst, are stocking up on holy water and indulgences.
Q2. How hard would it be to write a text contextualised in our century? ...................................................................................................................................................

Annex 2. The Y1K Crisis -Dateline, A.D. 999: Canterbury, England.
An atmosphere close to panic prevails today throughout Europe as the millennial year 1000 approaches, bringing with it the socalled "Y1K Bug", a menace which, until recently, hardly anyone had ever heard of. Prophets of doom are warning that the entire fabric of Western Civilization, based as it now is upon monastic computations, could collapse, and that there is simply not enough time left to fix the problem. Just how did this disaster-in-the-making ever arise? Why did no one anticipate that a change from a three-digit to a four-digit year would throw into total disarray all liturgical chants and all metrical verse in which any date is mentioned? Every formulaic hymn, prayer, ceremony and incantation dealing with dated events will have to be re-written to accommodate three extra syllables. All tabular chronologies with three-space year columns, maintained for generations by scribes using carefully hand-ruled lines on vellum sheets, will now have to be converted to four-space columns, at enormous cost. In the meantime, the validity of every official event, from baptisms to burials, from confirmations to coronations, may be called into question. "We should have seen it coming," says Brother Cedric of St. Michael's Abbey, here in Canterbury. "What worries me most is that 'THOUSAND' contains the word 'THOU,' which occurs in nearly all our prayers, and of course always refers to God. Using it now in the name of the year will seem almost blasphemous, and is bound to cause terrible confusion. Of course, we would always use Latin, but that might be even worse-the Latin word for 'Thousand' is 'Mille'-which is the same as the Latin for 'mile'. We won't know whether we're talking about time or distance!" Stonemasons are already reported threatening to demand a proportional pay increase for having to carve an extra numeral in all dates on tombstones, cornerstones and monuments. Together with its inevitable ripple effects, this alone could plunge the hitherto-stable medieval economy into chaos. A conference of clerics has been called at Winchester to discuss the entire issue, but doomsayers are convinced that the matter is now one of personal survival. Many families, in expectation of the worst, are stocking up on holy water and indulgences.

Annex 3.
THE Y ZERO K PROBLEM

While browsing through some dustcovered archival material in the recesses of the Roman Section of the British Museum a researcher recently came across a tattered bit of parchment. After some effort he translated it and found it was a

letter from a man called Plutonius with the title of "magister factorium", or keeper of the calendar, to one Cassius. It was dated, strangely enough, 2 BC, December 3, or 2,000 years ago. The text of the message follows:

Dear Cassius, Are you still working on the Y zero K problem? The change from BC to AD is giving us a lot of headaches and we haven't much time left. I don't know how people will cope with working the wrong way around. Having been working happily downwards forever, now we have to start thinking upwards. You would think that someone would have thought of it earlier and not left it to us to sort it all out at the last minute.

I spoke to Caesar the other evening. He was livid that Julius hadn't done something about it when he was sorting out the calendar. He said he could see why Brutus had turned nasty. We called in the consulting astrologers, but they simply said that continuing downwards using minus BC won't work. As usual the consultants charged a fortune for doing nothing useful. As for myself, I just can't see the sand in an hour glass flowing upwards.

We have heard that there are three wise men in the East who have been working on the problem, but unfortunately they won't arrive until it's all over. Some say the world will cease to exist at the moment of transition. We're continuing to work on the Y zero K problem and I'll send you a parchment if anything develops. Best regards, Plutonius

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