Circuits Lab Experiment

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Experiment 6

Circuits Lab Experiment

© All Rights Reserved

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College of Engineering

Electrical Engineering Department

Series/Parallel Circuit

Experiment No. 6

Group No. 5

Tuesday/5:00-8:00 P.M

Date Performed: January 19, 2016

Date Submitted: January 26, 2016

RAZ, John Benedict E.

I.

main switch to ON;

2. Determine the values of the three resistors R1, R2 and R3 on

the SERIES/PARALLEL CIRCUIT circuit block by using the

standard resistor colour code;

3. Write down the values in Tab.6.1;

4. Measure the resistances R1, R2 and R3 with a multimeter

set as ohmmeter set as in Fig.6.2a;

5. Write down the values in Tab.6.1;

6. Connect the two resistances R2 and R3 as in Fig.6.2b and

measure the equivalent resistance Rp of the parallel;

7. Write down the value in Tab.6.2;

8. Move the dotted terminal of the ohmmeter from the

resistance R3 to the resistance R1 and measure the total

resistance Rs and write the value in Tab.6.2;

9. Calculate both Rp and Rs and write the values in Tab.6.2;

10.

Compare the calculated values with the measured

ones and comment on the results;

11.

Set now the circuit as in Fig.6.2c with one multimeter

set as dc ammeter and the other one set as dc voltmeter;

12.

Measure the total current I and write the value in

Tab.6.3;

13.

Measure, with the voltmeter with the dotted terminals,

the voltage drops at the edges of R1, R2 and R3 and write

the values in Tab.6.3;

14.

Verify that UR2 is equal to UR3 and the sum of UR1 and

(UR2 or UR3) equals the source applied voltage;

15.

Use these values (U, Rs) in Ohms law formula to

calculate the total current I and write down the value in

Tab.6.3;

16.

Compare the calculate value I with the measured one

and comment on the results;

17.

Remove in Fig.6.2c one of the two jumper at a time

and observe how the values displayed on the instruments

change, by making the circuit in this way in the Series

Circuit configuration;

18.

set as dc ammeters;

19.

Measure the total current I (ammeter (1)) and the

current IR2 flowing in the resistance R2 (ammeter (2)) and

write down the values in Tab.6.4;

20.

Move the ammeter (2) between the terminals D and E

(by removing the cable) and measure the current I R3 flowing

in the resistance R3, with the terminals (B, C) joined with a

cable and write down the value in Tab.6.4;

21.

Write in Tab.6.4 to the value of the current that flows

in R1;

22.

Verify that the sum of the branch measured current (I R2

and IR3) is equal to the total current (I or IR1);

23.

Calculate the current through each resistor using

Ohms law and write down the values in Tab.6.4;

24.

Verify that the sum of the branch calculated currents

(IR2 and IR3) is equal to the total current IR1;

25.

Compare the measured values with calculated ones

and comment on the results;

Modification insertion

26.

Set the circuit as in Fig.6.2d with the ammeter (2)

inserted between D and E and join the terminals B and C

with a cable;

27.

Verify that the currents I R1 and IR3 are the ones

measured above at steps 20) and 21);

28.

Remove the cover of the Modifications/Faults simulator

and set the switch M4 to the ON position (covered dot);

29.

Observe the new measured values of the currents I R1

(I) and IR3 and write them down in Tab.6.4;

30.

Move the terminals of the ammeter (2) between B and

C and connect with a jumper D and E;

31.

Measure the current IR2 and write the value in Tab.6.4;

32.

Compare the current values with modification and

those with no modification and try to locate the cause of the

modification among the possible following ones:

a. R1 short-circuited

b. R2 has increased

c. R3 short-circuited

d. R3 has decreased

33.

Remove the instruments and all the jumpers and

measure both the resistances R1, R2 and R3 and the total

resistance RT and write the values in Tab.6.1;

34.

Comment on the results;

35.

Replace the switch M3 in the Off position;

Fault insertion

36.

Set the circuit as in Fif.6.2b to measure the parallel

resistance Rp and the equivalent resistance Rs;

37.

Set the switch F5 to the OFF (1) position (or press the

Fault button) to insert the Fault F5 in the circuit;;

38.

Measure Rp and Rs and write down the values in

Tab.6.2;

39.

Perform further operations to locate which fault has

been inserted by compiling the squares of the tables tab.6.3

and Tab.6.4, relative to fault F5;

40.

Annotate your comments about the F5 fault insertion:

41.

Replace the Fault switch F5 in the ON position (or

press the Fault button);

42.

Set the circuit as in Fig.6.2b to measure the parallel

resistance Rp and the equivalent resistance Rs;

43.

Set the switch F6 to the ON position (or press the Fault

button) to insert the Fault F6 in the circuit;

44.

Measure Rp and Rs and write down the values in

Tab.6.2;

45.

Perform further operations to locate which fault has

been inserted by compiling the squares of the tables Tab.6.3

and Tab.6.4, relative to fault F6;

46.

Annotate your comments about the F6 fault insertion:

47.

Replace the Fault switch F4 in the ON position (or

press the Fault button) and cover the Faults/Modifications

simulator.

II.

R1 []

R2 []

R3 []

Measured value

325.6

1205

2394

Table 6.1

Resistance (P)

Resistance (S)

Measured

Calculated

Measured

Calculated

800

801.55

1125

1127.15

Table 6.2

Measured

IT(mA)

13.5

VT(Volt)

15.20

V1

4.38

Calculated

[IT(mA)=VT/RT]

V2

10.80

Table 6.3

V3

10.80

Measured

13.47

Calculated

IT(mA)

I1

I2

I3

I1

I2

I3

13.45

13.45

8.94

4.548

13.45

8.96

4.51

Table 6.4

III.

Analysis:

different resistor and add them in a parallel and series way. Weve

seen that when adding parallel, it should be added by implying 1 over

the total sum of the reciprocal values of the resistors. While for series

connection, you will just add their individual values. Moreover when

connected in a series, the voltage before and after each resistor adds

up to the total voltage. With the same connection, current before and

after each resistor is the same. However, in a parallel circuit, the

voltage before and after each resistor is the same. The currents

before and after each resistor add up to the total current.

IV.

Conclusion:

electrical engineering concepts showing the difference of the series

circuit from the parallel circuit and the relationship between the

parameters involved in the Ohms Law. A series circuit is a circuit

having a constant flow of current throughout the path but having a

variable individual voltage that will depend on the number of the

resistors present. We can say that the resistance is directly

proportional to the voltage while maintaining the flow of current

constant. We can also conclude that the resistance is a load when the

amount of load increases the flow of current the voltage must also

increase to keep the flow of electricity. On the other side of the line,

the parallel circuit is a circuit where the total voltage used is equal to

the individual voltage used and the flow of current is varying

depending on the values of the resistors. The total resistance is the

reciprocal of the sum of the reciprocal of the individual resistance. In

this particular circuit we can say that the resistance is indirectly

proportional to the flow of current, as the resistance increases the

individual current decreases. Comparing the two types of basic

circuits we can say that parallel circuit is more convenient and

appropriate to use because it uses different current that is why when

one of the current is zero ampere other current will not be affected

resulting to a continuous flow of electricity.

V.

Recommendation:

electrical and I suggest to reinforce the experiment like adding more

resistors and somehow make the circuit complex. In these way,

students will enhance their circuit analysis and understanding of

different connections.

VI.

Guide Question:

circuit:

b. Equals the voltage

c. Is greater than the applied voltage

d. None of the above

2. Calculate the equivalent resistance RE (k-Ohm) of the following

circuit:

a. 3.532 k-Ohm

b. 14.13 k-Ohm

c. 7.065 k-Ohm

d. 17.065 k-Ohm

3. Calculate the unknown resistance Rx (k-Ohm) of the following circuit

knowing the total equivalent resistance R:

a. 4 k-Ohm

b. 2 k-Ohm

c. 1 k-Ohm

d. 0.5 k-Ohm

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